US2545649A - Multifunction control key - Google Patents

Multifunction control key Download PDF

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US2545649A
US2545649A US106150A US10615049A US2545649A US 2545649 A US2545649 A US 2545649A US 106150 A US106150 A US 106150A US 10615049 A US10615049 A US 10615049A US 2545649 A US2545649 A US 2545649A
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Prior art keywords
key
lever
machine
shaft
locking
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US106150A
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Capellaro Natale
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Olivetti Ing C&C SpA
Olivetti SpA
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Olivetti SpA
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06CDIGITAL COMPUTERS IN WHICH ALL THE COMPUTATION IS EFFECTED MECHANICALLY
    • G06C21/00Programming mechanisms for determining steps to be performed by the computing machine, e.g. when a key or certain keys are depressed
    • G06C21/04Conditional arrangements for controlling subsequent operating functions, e.g. control arrangement triggered by a function key and depending on the condition of the register
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/20Control lever and linkage systems
    • Y10T74/20012Multiple controlled elements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/20Control lever and linkage systems
    • Y10T74/20012Multiple controlled elements
    • Y10T74/20201Control moves in two planes

Description

March 20, 1951 CAPELLARO 2,545,649
MULTIFUNCTION CONTROL KEY Filed July 22, 1949 INVENTOR.
NATALE CAPELLARO ATTORNEY Patented Mar. 20, 1951 OFFICE MULTIFUNCTION CONTROL KEY N atale Capellaro, Milan, Italy, assignor to Ing.0. Olivetti & C. S. p. A.
Application July 22, 1949, Serial No. 106,150 In Italy August 31, 1948 11 Claims. 1
The present invention relates to hand driven computing machines of the type having an oscillatory handle which is pulled by hand for operating the machine.
It is known that for each operation of these machines such as an addition, a subtraction, a total taking etc. said handle is caused to perform one or more oscillations,each comprisinga forward and a return stroke.
This handle is normally located at the right side of the machine, at a certain distancefrom the key-board, which comprises, bsidesthe selectivesetting keys, a subtract key, a total key etc.
If it is desired, for example, to take a total, the total key is depressed first and than the handle is pulled. The total key, as well as the subtract key, the nonadd key, etc.,- are located on the key-board in such a position to be easily and comfortably depressed by the hand which pulls the handle. Nevertheless, the operator is often compelled to leavethe'ha'ndle to reach said keys, which results in a considerable loss of time. To overcome this disadvantage double function combination keys have been constructed, movable or depressible into two difi'er ent positions; these keys are located near the handle to be moved or depressed by the thumb as the hand is pulling the handle. These combination keys have the disadvantage that they must be kept in their depressed position for a certain time corresponding to at least a part of the stroke to be performed by the handle; therefore, the thumb must not leave the key whilst the hand is pulling the handle. It is evident that such a handling is rather uncomfortable, whereby the advantage of having set the key near the handle and of having doubled its functions is partly lost.
An object of the present invention is to provide a device which enables the control of more than two machine functions by means of one combination key only.
Another object is to provide a combination key connected by means of a (iardan joint to various machine function actuating means, and which is movable to and fro along two axes of movement, whereby, when said. key is positioned along one of said axes, two machine functionactuating means are selectively operable and when said key is positioned along the other axes two further machine function actuating means are selectively operable.
Another object is to provide means for locking the key according to the invention in each of its active positions as: well as in its inactive position. Therefore, the thumb of the hand pulling the handle being not compelled to be kept on the key, the hand is free. to immediately concentrate its power on the handle only, which results in a more comfortable and speedy handling. Releasing means associated with the handle provide the releasing or said locking means at the end of the return stroke of said handle, whereby the key is permitted to automatically return to its initial position. v
Another object is to provide a release key to release the means locking the combination key by hand without pulling the handle.
With the above and other objects of the invention in view, the. invention consists in the novel construction, arrangement and combination of various devices, elements and parts, as set forth in the claims hereof, an embodiment of the same being described in the specification and being illustrated in the accompanying drawings forming part of the specification, wherein:
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary elevation of the combination key,
Fig. 2' is a fragmentary plan view of the casing of the machine, showing the combination key at its centre,
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the mechanism controlled by the combination key,
Fig. 4 is an enlarged detail view of parts shown in Fig. 3,
Fig. 5 is an elevation of the means associated to the combination key and controlling two distinct functions of the machine,
Fig. 6 is a view similar to- Fig. 5 and showing the means controlling two further functions of the machine.
As said hereinbefore, the invention relates to hand driven computing machines of the type having an oscillatory handle. It is not necessary either to outline the means through which the motion of the handle is transmitted to the operating mechanisms of the machine or to describe these operating mechanisms themselves. There are many types of computing machines having an oscillatory handle, such as listing adding machines, non-listing adding machines etc., and the combination key according to the invention is applicable to any type of these machines.
The following description is limited, therefore, to the only parts directly interesting the operation of'the combination key.
From the outside of the machine is visible a spherical key I secured to a stem 2 and laying at the centre of a cross-shaped window 3 in plate 3 fastened to the casing 3" (Fig. 2). Through its stem 2 the key I is connected to a bail 4 (Figs. 3, 5 and 6) pivoted at 5 and 5 upon a second bail 6. The bail 6 is pivoted at 'I and I upon the frame T of the machine.
The axes 5-5' and 'I--I' are perpendicular to each other and they meet at a point lying in the prolongation of the axis of the stem 2. The combination of the bails 4 and 6 acts as a Cardan joint, so that the key I can be displaced from its central position to any direction. However, the cross-shaped window 3 (Fig. 2) allows four diiferent displacements only, which are given by be moved for correspondingly depressing the four bars IG-I'I-ZII and 2I, in the manner outlined hereinafter, are marked on the plate 3 by four conventional signs; such as: O, 1,
By moving the key I into its marked position bail 4 swings clockwise upon axis 5--5' and rocks the lever I counterclockwise (Fig. thisresults in a downward displacement of the bar I6,'whe'reby a sub-total will be taken. As bail 6 stands still, the dependin levers I4, I9; 20 and 2| are not moved. Furthermore, the bar I'I remains in its upper position owing to its slot I1".
thetwo directions of the axes :r:c and y-y,
which are perpendicular to each other.
From bail 4 projects an arm 3 (Figs. 3 and 5) having a pin 9 which cooperates with a slot I provided in a lever I I). this lever is secured to a shaft I I journaled in the frame of the machine. From bail 5 projects in a similar way an arm I2 (Figs. 3 and 6) having a pin I3 which cooperates with a slot 64' provided in the lever I4; this lever is loosely mounted upon the shaft I I.
By moving the key I along the axis y-y the bail 4 is swung round pins 5--5' whilst the bail 6 stands still. The pin 9 cooperating with the slot I0 rocks lever III clockwise or counterclockwise (Fig. 5) in dependence of the direction of movement of key I along the axis y-y.
By moving the key I alon the axis x:r, no relative movement takes place between bails 4 and 6 and the whole swings round the pins I-I'. Through the pin-and-slot-connection I3-I4' the arm I2 rocks the lever I4 clockwise or counterclockwise (Fig. 6) in dependence of the direction of movement of key I along the axis at-:r.
It will be seen that in swinging the bail 6 round the pins 'I'I lever I0 is not affected and stands still, as the portion of the pin 9 which cooperates with the slot III of the lever III lays in the prolongation of the axis 'I'I'. However, for securing a reciprocating constant contact between pin 9 and slot I0, said portion is ballshaped at 9' as shown in Fig. 4, the centre of the ball laying in the axis I'I.
The portion of the pin I3 which cooperates with the slot I4 is likewise shaped as a ball.
Through the shaft II the lever III. is rigidly connected to a double-armed lever I5; this lever has on its arms two pins I6 and I'I'which cooperate with slots I6" and Il provided in bars I6 and I1 respectively.
The lever I4 is likewise rigidly connected, through a bar I8, to a double-armed lever I9; this lever has mounted on its arms two pins and 2I' which cooperate with slots 20 and 2! provided in bars 20' and 2I respectively.
Each bar I6I'I2II and 2I is urged upwards by a spring 22-2324 and 25 respectively, which holds the corresponding bar in contact with studs 22'23'-24 and 25' respectively.
Through known means, which need not to be outlined, each bar I6--I'I20 and 2|, when depressed, causes the machine to perform a certain operation.
However, with the only purpose to make clear the example here described, it is assumed that bar I6 when depressed causes the machine to take a sub-total; that bar I! when depressed causes the machine to take a total; that bar 20 when depressed causes the machine to make a nonadd stroke and that bar 2| when depressed causes the machine to make a subtracting stroke.
The four positions into which key I has to By moving the key I into its 96 marked position bail '4 rocks counterclockwise upon axis 5-5 and swings the lever I0 clockwise (Fig. 5) this results in a downward displacement of the bar II, whereby a total will be taken. As bail '6 "stands still, the depending levers I4, I9, 20 and 2I are not moved. Furthermore, the bar It remains in its upper position owing to its slot I6.
By moving the key I into its 1 marked position the combination of bails 4 and 6 rocks upon the-axis 1-1 and swings the lever I4 counterclockwise (Fig. 6) this results in a downward displacement of the bar 20, whereby a nonadd stroke will be performed. As the centre of the ball-shaped portion 9 of the pin 9 lays on the prolongation of the axis 'I'I', lever I 0 stands still and the depending levers I5, I6 and I! are not moved. Furthermore, the bar 2| remains in its upper position owing to its slot 2I".
By moving the key I into its marked position the combination of bails 4 and 6 rocks upon the axis 'I'I' and swings the lever I4 clockwise (Fig. 6); this results in a downward displacement of the bar 2I whereby a subtracting stroke will be performed. As the centre of the ball-shaped portion 9' of the pin 9 lays on the prolongation of the axis 'I-'I', the lever I0 stands still and the depending levers I5, I6 and H are not moved. Furthermore, the bar 20 remains in its upper position owing to its slot 20".
Having in mind the above description it is clear that by setting the key I any one of the four bars I6II2I1 and 2I can be depressed, leaving the three other bars in their upper position. It can be assumed, therefore, that each bar substitutes the stem of the key which in a conventional machine would have controlled the corresponding function, but instead of the four keys or equivalent setting means used in the last named machine, the mechanism according to the invention enables the control of the four functions by means of one combination key only.
It is not necessary either to specify the functions controlled by each bar or to outline the mechanism by means of which a given function is controlled. The function controlled by the key I may be fixed at will, as well as, once having chosen said functions, the correspondence between the four active positions of the key I and each function may be varied at will by simply and conveniently varying the connections of the bars I6.-I'I20 and 2| with the means actuating the functions.
In the following the mechanism for locking the key I in its various positions will be described. As is illustrated in the drawing (Figs. 5 and 6), lever II) has a' projecting arm 26 having a slot 26'; lever I4 likewise has a projecting arm 21 having a slot 2W. These slots 26 and 21' can cooperate with a bent-over lug 2B of one single bail 29 rockable about a shaft 3B secured to the frame of the machine. Through a bar 3! the bail 28 is rigidly connected with alever 32 in which a hook-shapedlever 34 is pivoted at 33. Moreover, lever 32 is provided with. a key 35 projecting out of the casing 3 of the machine.
The lever 34 is-urged in a direction (Fig. 5) by a spring 36 tensioned between the lever and the frame of the machine. The hook-shaped end of the'lever 34 cooperates with a stud 31 secured to an arm 31'. rigidly connected to a shaft 38; this'shaft may be the main. operating shaft of themachine and it rocks about 90 at each machine stroke.
Furthermore on the-lever 34 is secured a stud 39 adapted to cooperate with the right edge of lever-32. A further stud 49 secured to the frame of the machine limits the clockwise makings of lever 32 about its shaft 30.
Assuming that the key I is in its central position, upon rocking the handlethe shaft 38 rocks clockwise and the pin 3'! releases the hookshaped lever 34. This lever, being urged by the spring36, swings clockwise until the stud 39 fixed thereon contacts the right edge of the lever 32 (Fig. 5). Then the lever 32 itself rocks clockwise around the shaft 30 until arrested by the stop 40 contacting the lower edge of the key 35. At the same time the bent-over lug 28 enters the slots 26' and 21' of the levers and 2'! respectively, so'that the levers l and M are prevented 'to move and the key I is locked in its central position.
Near the end of the return stroke of the shaft 38 the stud 31 contacts the inclined edge ll of the hook-shaped lever 34, which is, therefore, moved to the left (Fig. at the same time the stud 3'! slides upwards on the edge 4! until the lever 34 is locked again in its normal position (shown in Fig. 5).
At the same time the lever 32 is rocked counterclockwise and the slots 28 and 21 are disengaged from the lug 28 so that at the completion of'the return stroke of the shaft 38 the key I is released again.
Upon depression of the key i into one of its active positions, as for example into its marked right position (Fig. 2), the lever I4 is swung clockwise (Fig. 6) and the lever l0 stands still, as has been described hereinbefore. The edge 42 of the lever 2", which rocks clockwise with the lever 14, contacts the inner edge of the lug 2B and, in sliding on it, rocks the bail 29 counterclockwise. By the further clockwise rocking of the lever 21 the edge '42 comes out of engagement with the lug 28 and the bail 29 rocks clockwise, so that the lever 21 is locked in its rocked posi tion by the lug 2'8 contacting with its outer edge the right edge of the lever 2 (Fig. 6: ball 29 fully marked out and lever 21 dotted).
At the following oscillation of the shaft 38 the stud 3T. disengages the lever 34 and the ball 29 rocks clockwise so that its lug 28 enters the slot 26' of the lever 26, whilst the right edge of the lever 21 is further engaged by the outer edge of the lug 28 (in Fig. 6: bail 29 and lever 2'! dotted).
Near the end of the return stroke of the shaft 38 the stud 31 contacts the inclined edge 4| of the lever 34 in the manner described before, so that the lever 32 and the bail 29 are swung counter-clockwise. The amplitude of this counterclockwise oscillation is such one that the lug 28 exits from the slot 26' While its outer edge disengages the right edge of the lever 21. Urged by the spring. 25, through the bar 2|, thelever 21 is free to return to its normal position, full lined in Fig. 6.
Upon depression of the key I into one of its other three active positions the devices described hereinbefore act in a similar manner.
If it is desired to'restore the key I without rocking the handle, as for example upon depression of the key into an incorrect position, the key has to be pushed in the direction of the arrow. This effects the counter-clockwise rocking of the bail 29, so that the levers 26 and 21 are released from the lug 2'8 and the key I is free to return to its central position.
While I have described what I. consider to be highly desirable embodiments of my invention, it is obvious that many changes in form could be made Without departing from the spirit of my invention, and I, therefore, do not limit myself to the exact form herein shown and described, nor to anything less than the Whole of my invention, as hereinafter claimed.
What I claim is:
1. In a hand driven computing machine, the combination of: a machine frame, a bail rockably mounted upon said frame, a second bail rockably mounted upon the first named bail along an axis forming an angle of 90 with the rocking axis of the first ball, a setting key secured to said second named bail, a plate, a cross shaped window in said plate, having its two axes parallel with said two rocking axes, said setting key-slidin in said window, normally resting at its centre and being settable into the directions of the four arms of said cross, a double projecting lever, connecting means for connecting said first named bail with said lever, a machine function actuating means associated to each projection of and selectively operable by said lever, a further double projecting lever, connecting mean for connecting said second named bail with the last named lever, and a furtherrnachine function actuating means associated to each projection of and selectively operable by the last named lever, each double projecting lever being movable by the corresponding bail, whereby, in response to the selective setting of said setting key into the four arms of said cross four machine function actuating means are selectively operable.
2. In a hand driven computing machine according to claim 1, the combination of: locking means for locking said key in each of its active positions, a main operating shaft, means associated with said shaft for releasing said locking means near the end of the return stroke of said shaft, the means associated with said shaft furthermor'e enabling said locking means to lock the key its inactive position during the stroke of said shaft, and hand operable means connected to said locking means for releasing them without rockin the shaft.
3. In a hand driven computing machine, the combination of a machine frame, a Cardan-type joint including two relatively rockable jointmembers, one of said joint members being rockably mounted on said machine frame, a setting element, said setting element being attached to said other joint-member, first and second machine function control means associated with said first named joint-member and selectively operable thereby upon rocking of the latter about its rocking axis relative to said machine frame by said setting element, and third and fourth machine function control means associated with said second named joint-member and selectively operable thereby upon rocking of the latter about its rocking axis relative to said first named jointmember by said setting element.
4. In combination with a hand driven computin machine as claimed in claim 3, locking means associated with said setting element and capable of lockng the latter in each of its positions corresponding to the setting of each of said four selectively operable machine function control means, a main operating shaft capable of performing a forward and return stroke during each machine cycle, and means associated with said main operating shaft for releasing said locking means substantally near the end of the return stroke of said shaft.
5. In combination with a hand driven computing machine as claimed in claim 3, lockin means associated with said setting element and capable of locking the latter in each of its positions corresponding to the setting of each of said four selectively operable machine function control means, a main operating shaft capable of performing a forward and return stroke during each machine cycle, means associated with said main operating shaft for releasing said locking means substantially near the end of the return stroke of said shaft, and manual releasin means connected to said locking means for effecting a release of the latter without rocking said shaft.
6. In a hand driven computing machine, the combination of: a machine frame, a Cardan-type joint including a first joint-member and a second joint-member rockable relative to each other about a first rocking axis, the first joint-member being rockably mounted on said machine frame for rocking movements about a second rocking axis substantially perpendicular to said first rocking axis, a setting element attached to said second joint-member, said setting element being normally in a neutral inactive position and being settable in four active positions, first and second machine function control means associated with said first joint-member and selectively operable thereby upon rocking of the latter about its rocking axis relative to said machine frame by a movement of said setting element into an active position selected from its first and second active positions, and third and fourth machine function control means associated with said second jointmember and selectively operable thereby upon rocking of the latter about its rocking axis relative to said first joint-member by a movement of said setting element into an active position selected from its third and fourth active position.
7. In combination with a hand driven computing machine as claimed in claim 6, a plate in said frame, said plate having a cross-shaped guiding window, said setting element passing through said window and extending through the center of the latter when it is in its inactive position.
8. In combination with a hand driven computing machine as claimed in claim 6, locking 8 means associated with said setting element and capable of locking the latter in each of its four active positions, a main operating shaft capable of performing a forward and return stroke during each machine cycle, and means associated with said main operating shaft for releasing said locking means substantially near the end of the return stroke of said shaft.
9. In combination with a hand driven computing machine as claimed in claim 6, locking means associated with said setting element and capable of locking the latter in each of its four active positions, a main operating shaft capable of performing a forward and return stroke during each machine cycle, means associated with said main operating shaft for releasing said locking means substantially near the end of the return stroke of said shaft, and manual releasing means connected to said locking means for effecting a release of the latter without rocking said shaft.
10. In combination with a hand driven computing machine as claimed in claim 6, locking means associated with said setting element and" capable of locking the latter in each of its four active positions and in its inactive position, a
main operating shaft capable of performing a for V ward and return stroke during each machine cycle, and means associated with said main operating shaft for releasing said locking means substantially near the end of the return stroke of said shaft, said last mentioned means associated with the main shaft being also arranged for enabling said locking means to lock said setting means in its inactive position during the strokes of said shaft.
11. In combination with a hand driven computing machine as claimed in claim 6, locking means associated with said setting element and capable of locking the latter in each of its four active positions and in its inactive position, a main operating shaft capable of performing a forward and return stroke during each machine cycle, means associated with said main operating shaft for releasing said locking means substantially near the end of the return stroke of said shaft, said. last mentioned means associated with the main shaft being also arranged for enabling said locking means to lock said setting means in its inactive position during the strokes of said shaft,
and manual releasing means connected to said locking means for effecting a release of the latter without rocking said shaft.
NATALIE CAPELLARO.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
STATES PATENTS- Number Name Date 1,132,711 Fassett Mar. 23, 1915 1,224,873 Walter May 1, 1917 1,371,138 Bair Mar. 8, 1921
US106150A 1948-08-31 1949-07-22 Multifunction control key Expired - Lifetime US2545649A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2690297A (en) * 1951-05-07 1954-09-28 Ibm Combined record sorting and accounting machine
US2821341A (en) * 1958-01-28 earnhardt
US2833466A (en) * 1958-05-06 Calculating machine
US2833467A (en) * 1958-05-06 Calculating machine-
US3013717A (en) * 1961-12-19 Electromechanical controls for calculating machines
US3096019A (en) * 1963-07-02 frenkel
US3283607A (en) * 1963-04-22 1966-11-08 Kent Engineering Consultants Remote control mirror
US3315889A (en) * 1964-09-21 1967-04-25 Olympia Werke Ag Control key arrangement for a calculator
DE1424609B2 (en) * 1960-02-06 1970-09-03 Anker Werke Ag Gait control device for a computing machine

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1132711A (en) * 1907-09-23 1915-03-23 Ncr Co Registering mechanism.
US1224873A (en) * 1912-08-07 1917-05-01 Harry T Ambrose Computing and recording machine.
US1371138A (en) * 1921-03-08 Calculating-machine

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1371138A (en) * 1921-03-08 Calculating-machine
US1132711A (en) * 1907-09-23 1915-03-23 Ncr Co Registering mechanism.
US1224873A (en) * 1912-08-07 1917-05-01 Harry T Ambrose Computing and recording machine.

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2821341A (en) * 1958-01-28 earnhardt
US2833466A (en) * 1958-05-06 Calculating machine
US2833467A (en) * 1958-05-06 Calculating machine-
US3013717A (en) * 1961-12-19 Electromechanical controls for calculating machines
US3096019A (en) * 1963-07-02 frenkel
US2690297A (en) * 1951-05-07 1954-09-28 Ibm Combined record sorting and accounting machine
DE1424609B2 (en) * 1960-02-06 1970-09-03 Anker Werke Ag Gait control device for a computing machine
US3283607A (en) * 1963-04-22 1966-11-08 Kent Engineering Consultants Remote control mirror
US3315889A (en) * 1964-09-21 1967-04-25 Olympia Werke Ag Control key arrangement for a calculator

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