US2532988A - Continuous lighting system for aircraft landing strips - Google Patents

Continuous lighting system for aircraft landing strips Download PDF

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US2532988A
US2532988A US732567A US73256747A US2532988A US 2532988 A US2532988 A US 2532988A US 732567 A US732567 A US 732567A US 73256747 A US73256747 A US 73256747A US 2532988 A US2532988 A US 2532988A
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landing strip
aircraft
lighting
landing
designated
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US732567A
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Charles A Bigelow
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Charles A Bigelow
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F9/00Arrangement of road signs or traffic signals; Arrangements for enforcing caution
    • E01F9/50Road surface markings; Kerbs or road edgings, specially adapted for alerting road users
    • E01F9/576Traffic lines
    • E01F9/582Traffic lines illuminated

Description

C. A. BIGELOW Dec. 5, 1950 CONTINUOUS LIGHTING SYSTEM FOR AIRCRAFT LANDING STRIPS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 5, 1947 1950 c. A. BIGELOW 2,532,988

CONTINUOUS LIGHTING SYSTEMFOR AIRCRAFT LANDING STRIPS Filed March 5, 1947 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Dec. 5, 1950 UNITED STATES ATENT OFFICE CONTINUOUS LIGHTING SYSTEM FOR AIRCRAFT LANDING STRIPS Claims.

This invention relates to an improved method of indicating to the pilot of an aircraft, the location and direction of a special landing strip, designed to aid pilots to make a safe landing, when visibility is low, due to fog or the like.

The accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, illustrate the invention and one method of construction; Fig. 1 is a plan view, in part: Fig. 2, a vertical cross section view, showing one method of using and installing red incandescent electric light bulbs: Fig. 3 is a vertical cross section View, wherein red electric neon tubing or red gaseous tubing is used.

Referring now to the difierent parts on the drawing by number, like numerals refer to the same parts in all views: Number I shows the designated landing strip: 2 denotes the color white or the like: 3 the color black: 4 denotes concrete side walls or curbing to house and protect the lighting system: 5 denotes concrete drain pipe or tile; said drain pipe 5 to convey rain water or the like off the landing strip and out of th constructed system.

6 denotes crushed rock or gravel to protect the constructed system from an abrupt attack by the wheels of aircraft and permit free drainage: 1 denotes a creosote treated wood panel board, of suitable size, to assemble electric fixtures on; said panel board or boards 1 may be used in a vertical or parallel position: 8 denotes the lighting means, very red light bulbs or globes, or red gaseous lighting tubes, substantially assembled on the panel board or boards 7; said lighting means, properly connected to electric wiring; said Wiring conducting generated electric energy from a predetermined electric generating power plant. For gaseous light tubing, a so-called staff is first attached to parallel or vertical panel board and then the tubing is attached to the supporting staffs, as in Fig. 3. For incandescent light globes or bulbs a so-called receptacle is first attached to the vertical panel board to receive conventional light globes, as in Fig. 2. Said parallel used panel board is laid upon the gravel within the spaced apart concrete walls or curbing, as in Fig. 3; said vertical panel boards are set edge-wise upon the gravel and braced against the inner side of spaced apart concrete walls or curbing, as in Fig. 2. 9 denotes a concrete or substantial support for conduit pipe l0; said concrete supports properly spaced along the back side of the constructed lighting system to sustain and support electric conduit pipe ID. Ill denotes conduit pipe, installed and supported parallel to the back side of concrete wall 4; said conduit pipe l0 having electric wires within to within the spaced apart walls.

supply and convey the generated electric energy to the lighting means 8.

Having above described the different parts by number, and now analyzing the function of same; numbers 2 and 3 illustrate alternate white and black converging stripes; said stripes converging to and from the center of designated landing strip I. Said colors black or white, applied by paint or painting, can be sprayed on economically. Number 4 illustrates concrete walls or curbing, constructed parallel to and on each side of the designated landing strip; said walls i4, spaced apart, a predetermined space between them, for installing the means of lighting, Said walls or curbing i4, having a predetermined length parallel to the landing strip l said concrete walls 4- 3 constructed to terminate at one end of landing strip I, at approximately a 45 degree angle, thus completing, in form, to a point at one end as indicating location and direction of the designated landing strip.

The principal objective, established and set forth in this invention is; the method of accomplishing a positive and continuous red illumination, on each side of a special designated landing strip; said continuous red illumination terminating to a point at one end; thereby producing a definite indication of the location and direction of a landing strip, to facilitate the landing and departing of aircraft under conditions of low visibility; due to fog or the like.

It will also be recognized that a landing or departure can be made from either direction; in the direction of the terminating point or the opposite direction. Said opposite direction being open, the end terminating to a point has an opening provided on one side, near and at a safe distance from the terminating point, as illustrated in Fig. 1, for aircraft to get 01f the landing strip.

Therefore, it will now be recognized that under conditions of low visibility, due to fog or the like, an aircraft approaching an airport (where this invention has been constructed and installed), the pilot of an aircraft will at quite some distance from the airport or air-field observe a definite pointed red form, indicating the exact location and direction of landing strip. As the aircraft approaches closer, the more definite red the described indication will appear and when the aircraft is in the act of landing in between the installed lighting system, on each side of the designated landing strip, then, the landing lights on the aircraft will show the alternate black and White converging stripes, that are on the surface of the landing strip; the pilot can definitely guide his aircraft to and in the center of the landing strip.

I make no claim for any of the named parts broadly, as pertaining to their general use or to an aircraft landing strip; but, in combination with an aircraft landing strip.

I claim? 1. In combination with a special designated aircraft landing strip, a concrete housing means for housing a continuous lighting system; said housing means constructed upon the ground surface, adjacent to the designated landing strip; said housing means constructed on each side and parallel to the designated landingstrip; said housing means consisting of l'livo"concrete walls or curbing, spaced apart a predetermined distance to receive the assembled installation of said continuous lighting system; said spaced apart concrete walls or curbing, constituting'th housing means, terminating in a l5 degree'point at one and the same end of 'the designated landihg Str p '2.In combination with a designated aircraft landing strip, a concrete housing means for a continuous lighting system, constructed parallel to and on each side of the designated landing strip, as in claim 1', said concrete housing means having established and fixed along and parallel to the back side thereof a supported electric conduit pipe for conveying electric Wiring and electric energy to the lighting system; said housing means having within the spaced apart walls orcurbing a drain pipe at the bottom; said drain pipej'surrounded by crushed rock or gravel, allowing space above the gravel for the assembled continuous ligh ing system. a

3.'In combination with a designated aircraft landing strip, a concrete housing means for a continuous lighting system, constructed parallel to and oneach side of the landing strip and terminating in a point at one end of said landing strip; said housing means protected on the side nearest to the landing strip and having a drain pipe of suitable size installed along the side of the wall or curbing nearest the landing strip for proper drainage; said drain pipe or tile covered over with crushed rock or gravel; said crushed rock or gravel graded from the top of the front wall or curbing surface to ground level a predetermined distance in the direction of the landing strip to protect the housing means and lighting system from direct attack by the wheels of aircraft provided said aircraft gets out of control.

4. In combination With a designated aircraft landing strip, a continuous lighting means, said lighting means producing a very red and continuous illumination pattern indicating the exact location and direction of said designated landing strip; and alternate, spaced apart, black and white converging stripes applied on the surface of said designated landing strip; said stripes converging'to'and from the center of said designated landing strip; said spaced apart black and White converging stripes applied on the surface of. the landing strip, in the manner of painting, by brushing or spraying.

'5. In combination with a designated aircraft landing strip, a concrete housing means consisting of two spaced apart Walls or curbing constructed on each side and parallel to the landing strip and a continuous lighting means assembled within the spaced apart walls or curbing; said lighting means terminating in a point at one end of landing strip; wherein, an opening is provided through one parallel side of said landing strip, near and at a safe distance from the ter minating point, to permit and allow aircraft to get off said landing strip, after landing on the landing strip in the pointed direction.

CHARLES BIGELOW.

nnrannnoss o 'rnn The following references are of record: in the file of this patent:

UNITED sT 'rns PATENTS- Number Name Date 1,847,739 Wilhelm Mar. 111 932,, 1,350,490 Bahl r; 22, 1932 1,860,685 Morris May 3;, 1932, 1,934,15 Wilhelm nee; if, 1934 2,007,524 Emmons. J i' 'a; 955. 2,093,642, Nystuen s tfzr, 1937, 2,370,424 Samuel nee. 27','1 9,4,5 2 ,492,597 Bourcier June. 2,5, 1951 6,

FOREIGN PATENTS- Number Country Date 450,866 nn ian ln nh u 2 1, 19st

US732567A 1947-03-05 1947-03-05 Continuous lighting system for aircraft landing strips Expired - Lifetime US2532988A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5873674A (en) * 1996-12-05 1999-02-23 Hohl; Barney K. Roadway safety warning system and method of making same
CN101749197A (en) * 2008-12-19 2010-06-23 西门子公司 Wind power plant and method for operating obstacle or hazard lighting of a wind power plant
EP3627035A1 (en) * 2018-09-19 2020-03-25 Christian Huckschlag Lighting device for integrating into a traffic area

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1350490A (en) * 1918-08-10 1920-08-24 H B Williams Interlocking wall-block
US1847739A (en) * 1931-02-13 1932-03-01 Arthur M Wilhelm Aviation marker
US1860685A (en) * 1928-10-22 1932-05-31 Claude Neon Lights Inc Lighting means for landing fields at airports
US1984168A (en) * 1931-02-27 1934-12-11 Arthur M Wilhelm Wind t locator
US2007524A (en) * 1933-09-08 1935-07-09 Herbert A Emmons Marking roads
GB450866A (en) * 1935-01-24 1936-07-24 Edward Barrs Improvements in or relating to safety signs for use on roads
US2093642A (en) * 1936-02-10 1937-09-21 Oscar W Nystuen Highway marker
US2370424A (en) * 1942-05-21 1945-02-27 Samuel Sigmund Runway marker lighting means
US2402597A (en) * 1944-12-19 1946-06-25 Charles D Bourcier Emergency landing strip

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1350490A (en) * 1918-08-10 1920-08-24 H B Williams Interlocking wall-block
US1860685A (en) * 1928-10-22 1932-05-31 Claude Neon Lights Inc Lighting means for landing fields at airports
US1847739A (en) * 1931-02-13 1932-03-01 Arthur M Wilhelm Aviation marker
US1984168A (en) * 1931-02-27 1934-12-11 Arthur M Wilhelm Wind t locator
US2007524A (en) * 1933-09-08 1935-07-09 Herbert A Emmons Marking roads
GB450866A (en) * 1935-01-24 1936-07-24 Edward Barrs Improvements in or relating to safety signs for use on roads
US2093642A (en) * 1936-02-10 1937-09-21 Oscar W Nystuen Highway marker
US2370424A (en) * 1942-05-21 1945-02-27 Samuel Sigmund Runway marker lighting means
US2402597A (en) * 1944-12-19 1946-06-25 Charles D Bourcier Emergency landing strip

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5873674A (en) * 1996-12-05 1999-02-23 Hohl; Barney K. Roadway safety warning system and method of making same
CN101749197A (en) * 2008-12-19 2010-06-23 西门子公司 Wind power plant and method for operating obstacle or hazard lighting of a wind power plant
US20100156303A1 (en) * 2008-12-19 2010-06-24 Steffen Wulff Wind power plant and method for operating obstacle or hazard lighting of a wind power plant
US8525663B2 (en) * 2008-12-19 2013-09-03 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Wind power plant and method for operating obstacle or hazard lighting of a wind power plant
CN101749197B (en) * 2008-12-19 2015-06-03 西门子公司 Wind power plant and method for operating obstacle or hazard lighting of a wind power plant
EP3627035A1 (en) * 2018-09-19 2020-03-25 Christian Huckschlag Lighting device for integrating into a traffic area

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