US2532534A - Sweep-voltage generator circuit - Google Patents

Sweep-voltage generator circuit Download PDF

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US2532534A
US2532534A US678224A US67822446A US2532534A US 2532534 A US2532534 A US 2532534A US 678224 A US678224 A US 678224A US 67822446 A US67822446 A US 67822446A US 2532534 A US2532534 A US 2532534A
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sweep
cathode
anode
tube
circuit
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Jr Persa R Bell
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Jr Persa R Bell
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03KPULSE TECHNIQUE
    • H03K4/00Generating pulses having essentially a finite slope or stepped portions
    • H03K4/06Generating pulses having essentially a finite slope or stepped portions having triangular shape
    • H03K4/08Generating pulses having essentially a finite slope or stepped portions having triangular shape having sawtooth shape
    • H03K4/10Generating pulses having essentially a finite slope or stepped portions having triangular shape having sawtooth shape using as active elements vacuum tubes only
    • H03K4/12Generating pulses having essentially a finite slope or stepped portions having triangular shape having sawtooth shape using as active elements vacuum tubes only in which a sawtooth voltage is produced across a capacitor
    • H03K4/24Boot-strap generators

Description

Dec. 5, 1950 P. R. BELL, JR 2,532,534
SWEEP-VOLTAGE GENERATOR CIRCUIT Filed June 21, 1946 OUTPUT 29 56 57% 7 49 y 45 nvvs/vron. 'PERSA R. BELL JR.
ATTORNEY Patented Dec. 5, 1950 SWEEP-VOLTAGE GENERATOR CIRCUIT Persa It. Bell, Jr., Oak Ridge, Tenn, assignor, by mesne assignments, to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of War Application June 21, 1946, Serial No. 678,224
Claims. (01. 250-27) This invention relates in general to electrical circuits, and more particularly, to sweep-voltage generating circuits. 7
Sweep-voltage generating circuits are most commonly used in conjunction with cathode ray tubes (CRT), the sweep-voltage being applied to one set of deflection plates of the tube, and a test voltage being applied to another set of deflection plates. It is important, then, that the sweep voltage be substantially linear to produce an accurate representation of the test voltage.
It is an object of this invention, therefore, to provide an electrical circuit to produce sweepvoltages for a desired purpose.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a sweep voltage generating circuit whose output is substantially linear.
It is a still further object of this invention to provide a sweep voltage generating circuit whose output includes two substantially equal sweep voltages of opposite polarity.
In general, this invention utilizes a conventional sweep circuit, a cathode follower circuit, a diode, and a feedback type sweep circuit. The output of the first sweep circuit is applied to the cathode follower circuit and the second sweep circuit. The output of the cathode follower circuit is applied to the diode which is inserted in the plate circuit of the first sweep circuit. The cathode follower circuit output is also applied to the second sweep circuit. The output of the circuit is taken from the plates of the two sweep circuits. The first sweep circuit, the cathode follower circuit, and the diode produce a sweep voltage which is substantially linear. The second sweep circuit produces a sweep voltage of equal and opposite slope.
Other objects, features and advantages of this invention will suggest themselves to those skilled in the art, and will become more apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing in which the sole figure is a schematic circuit diagram of an embodiment of the invention.
Referring now to the drawing, a negative square wave voltage (gate) H is applied to grid l3 of vacuum tube-. !5. Cathode ll of tube 55 is connected to ground. Anode N3 of tube I 5 is connected to cathode l9 of diode 2| through resistor 23. Anode 25 of diode 2| is connected to a source of positive potential (indicated). Anode l8 of tube I5 is connected to grid 2'! of vacuum tube 29. Cathode 3! of tube 25 is connected through resistor 33 to ground. Grid 2'! of tube 29 is connected to the arm 35 of potentiometer ti through capacitor 39 (which may be variable) and resistor Ill, the capacitor 39 and resistor H being connected in series. Potentiometer 31 is connected between a source (indicated) of negative potential and ground. Cathode 32 of tube 29 is coupled to cathode E3 of diode 2i through a large capacitor 33. Cathode 3! of tube 25 is coupled to grid d5 of vacuum tube il through resistor 49. Anode 56 of tube 29 is connected to potential source 5. Cathode 5i of tube 5? is connected to ground. Anode 53 of tube 4? is connected to the positive potential source through resistor 55. Anode 53 of tube fill is connected to grid #25 of tube 4'! through resistor 5'! and capacitor 59, (which may be variable) the resistor 57 and capacitor 59 being connected in parallel. The junction of capacitor 39 and resistor 4! is connected to grid 45 of tube 41. Output for the circuit is taken at anode 58 of tube I5 and anode 53 of tube ll.
In operation, negative gate H is applied to grid l3 which cuts ofi tube 15. The resultant wave form at anode 48 of tube l5 is, therefore, one of an increasing voltage because of the charging of capacitor 39. This wave form is applied to the cathode follower tube 29 whose output is applied to the cathode is of diode 2!, the wave form being substantially the same as that at anode it. An arrangement such as the tubes l5 and 29 and diode 28 is described in the application of William A. Higinbotham, Serial No. 616,377, filed 14 September 1945, which circuit produces a substantially linear sawtooth voltage at anode 18. The voltage at the junction of capacitor 39 and resistors 69 and All is applied to the grid 45 of tube t1. Tube 41 is connected in a sweep-voltage generating circuit which employs negative feedback between the anode 53 and grid 45. A positive linear sawtooth voltage applied to the grid 55 will produce a negative sawtooth voltage at the anode 53 which is substantially linear. A somewhat similar feedback sweep circuit is described in the application of Clayton A. Washburn, Serial No. 514,536, filed 16 December 1943. The sweep voltage appearing at cathode 3! will add to the voltage which would be present at the junction of capacitor 39 and resistor M, in the absence of the second sweep generating circuit. The resulting waveform at the grid 45 will be similar in shape to those on anode I8 and cathodes l9 and SI but smaller, as the values of the variable resistor and variable capacitors in the two sweep-circuits are varied so as to produce sweep voltages of equal and opposite slope at the anodes l8 and 53.
control grid and a cathode connected to ground; means for applying a negative square wave voltage coupled to the grid of said first vacuum tube; a first resistor; a diode comprising an anode and a cathode; means connecting said first resistor between the anode of said first vacuum tube and the diode cathode; means connecting the diode anode to a source of positive potential; a second vacuum tube comprising at least a cathode, a control grid and an anode; means connecting said anode of said first vacuum tube to said control grid of said second vacuum tube; a second resistor; means connecting said cathode of said second vacuum tube to ground through said second resistor; a first capacitor; means connecting said first capacitor between said cathode of said second vacuum tube and the diode cath- :I
ode; means connecting said anode of said second vacuum tube to a source of positive potential; a third vacuum tube comprising at least a cathode connected to ground, a control grid and an anode; a third resistor; means connecting said 1 third resistor between said anode of said third vacuum tube and a source of positive potential; a fourth resistor; means connecting said fourth resistor between the grid and the anode of said third vacuum tube; a second capacitor; means connecting said second capacitor between the grid and the anode of said third vacuum tube; a third capacitor; a fifth resistor; a potentiometer; means connecting said third capacitor between said anode of said first vacuum tube and said fifth resistor; means connecting said grid 2. A sweep-voltage generating circuit set forth in claim 1, wherein said second and third capacitors are variable.
3. In a sweep-voltage generating circuit, a first vacuum tube sweep-voltage generator responsive to negative input pulses of electrical energy and having grid input and plate output terminals and a grounded cathode; a diode having an anode and a cathode; said anode being coupled to a source of potential that is positive relative to ground, a first resistor coupling said cathode to the output terminal of said first generating circuit; a cathode follower having a grid connected to the output terminal of said first generator; a first capacitive means coupled between the cathode of said cathode follower and the cathode of said diode; a second vacuum tube sweep-voltage generator coupled to and responsive to .the output from said cathode follower, having grid input and plate output terminals and a grounded cathode; second capacitive means connected between the plate output terminal of said first generator and the grid input terminal of said second generator; negative biasing means connected to the grid input terminal of second generator; whereby linear sawtooth voltages of opposite polarity are obtained from the plate output terminals of said first and second generators.
4. A sweep-voltage generating circuit as set forth in claim 3, and also including a second resistor in parallel with a third capacitive means and coupled between the grid input and plate output terminals of said second generator, whereby the output sawtooth voltage of said second generator is maintained linear.
5. A sweep-voltage generating circuit as set forth in claim 4, wherein said second and third capacitive means are variable.
PERSA R. BELL, JR.
REFERENCES CITED lhe following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,412,485 Whiteley Dec. 10, 19.46 2,426,256 Zemor Aug. 26, 1947 2,439,324 \Valker Apr. 6, 1948 OTHER REFERENCES Principles of Radar, 1946 ed., publ. McGraw- Hill Book 00., pp. 3-16 to 3-26.
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Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2606287A (en) * 1950-04-10 1952-08-05 Collins Radio Co Linear sweep generator
US2621292A (en) * 1947-02-11 1952-12-09 Emi Ltd Electrical integrating circuit arrangement
US2657332A (en) * 1949-01-29 1953-10-27 Rca Corp Size control for cathode-ray tube deflection circuits
US2660668A (en) * 1949-12-15 1953-11-24 John C Williams Apparatus for frequency division
US2661420A (en) * 1950-02-10 1953-12-01 Gen Electric Linear sawtooth generator
US2675469A (en) * 1947-02-18 1954-04-13 Emi Ltd Integrating circuit arrangement
US2688075A (en) * 1949-10-15 1954-08-31 Du Mont Allen B Lab Inc Sawtooth wave generator
US2695953A (en) * 1951-02-03 1954-11-30 Rca Corp Signal mixing circuits
US2723347A (en) * 1951-08-25 1955-11-08 Farnsworth Res Corp Pulse keying circuit for power amplifiers
US2741698A (en) * 1952-06-16 1956-04-10 William W Davis Square wave pulse generator
US2823274A (en) * 1954-08-04 1958-02-11 Du Mont Allen B Lab Inc Adjustable sweep circuit
US2860240A (en) * 1952-10-09 1958-11-11 Nat Res Dev Electric waveform generators
US2871350A (en) * 1954-07-29 1959-01-27 Du Mont Allen B Lab Inc Delay sweep circuit
US2881313A (en) * 1955-09-26 1959-04-07 Gen Dynamics Corp Demodulator circuit
US2890333A (en) * 1955-08-19 1959-06-09 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Delay network
US2931983A (en) * 1956-07-31 1960-04-05 Richard F Blake Method of charging, holding, and automatically resetting the voltage level on a condenser
US3050686A (en) * 1959-02-12 1962-08-21 Korff Marvin Direct coupled bootstrap sawtooth generator
US3183401A (en) * 1959-09-18 1965-05-11 Pye Ltd Sawtooth waveform generator and deflection yoke

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2412485A (en) * 1942-02-17 1946-12-10 Cossor Ltd A C Saw-tooth voltage generator
US2426256A (en) * 1944-07-08 1947-08-26 Sperry Gyroscope Co Inc Sweep circuit
US2439324A (en) * 1945-08-01 1948-04-06 Us Sec War Electrical circuit

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2412485A (en) * 1942-02-17 1946-12-10 Cossor Ltd A C Saw-tooth voltage generator
US2426256A (en) * 1944-07-08 1947-08-26 Sperry Gyroscope Co Inc Sweep circuit
US2439324A (en) * 1945-08-01 1948-04-06 Us Sec War Electrical circuit

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2621292A (en) * 1947-02-11 1952-12-09 Emi Ltd Electrical integrating circuit arrangement
US2675469A (en) * 1947-02-18 1954-04-13 Emi Ltd Integrating circuit arrangement
US2657332A (en) * 1949-01-29 1953-10-27 Rca Corp Size control for cathode-ray tube deflection circuits
US2688075A (en) * 1949-10-15 1954-08-31 Du Mont Allen B Lab Inc Sawtooth wave generator
US2660668A (en) * 1949-12-15 1953-11-24 John C Williams Apparatus for frequency division
US2661420A (en) * 1950-02-10 1953-12-01 Gen Electric Linear sawtooth generator
US2606287A (en) * 1950-04-10 1952-08-05 Collins Radio Co Linear sweep generator
US2695953A (en) * 1951-02-03 1954-11-30 Rca Corp Signal mixing circuits
US2723347A (en) * 1951-08-25 1955-11-08 Farnsworth Res Corp Pulse keying circuit for power amplifiers
US2741698A (en) * 1952-06-16 1956-04-10 William W Davis Square wave pulse generator
US2860240A (en) * 1952-10-09 1958-11-11 Nat Res Dev Electric waveform generators
US2871350A (en) * 1954-07-29 1959-01-27 Du Mont Allen B Lab Inc Delay sweep circuit
US2823274A (en) * 1954-08-04 1958-02-11 Du Mont Allen B Lab Inc Adjustable sweep circuit
US2890333A (en) * 1955-08-19 1959-06-09 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Delay network
US2881313A (en) * 1955-09-26 1959-04-07 Gen Dynamics Corp Demodulator circuit
US2931983A (en) * 1956-07-31 1960-04-05 Richard F Blake Method of charging, holding, and automatically resetting the voltage level on a condenser
US3050686A (en) * 1959-02-12 1962-08-21 Korff Marvin Direct coupled bootstrap sawtooth generator
US3183401A (en) * 1959-09-18 1965-05-11 Pye Ltd Sawtooth waveform generator and deflection yoke

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