US2527347A - Nondusting compositions for stabilizing diazo salts - Google Patents

Nondusting compositions for stabilizing diazo salts Download PDF

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US2527347A
US2527347A US71890546A US2527347A US 2527347 A US2527347 A US 2527347A US 71890546 A US71890546 A US 71890546A US 2527347 A US2527347 A US 2527347A
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compounds
alkyl
diazo
acid
powder
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Herman A Bergstrom
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GAF Chemicals Corp
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09BORGANIC DYES OR CLOSELY-RELATED COMPOUNDS FOR PRODUCING DYES, e.g. PIGMENTS; MORDANTS; LAKES
    • C09B67/00Influencing the physical, e.g. the dyeing or printing properties of dyestuffs without chemical reactions, e.g. by treating with solvents grinding or grinding assistants, coating of pigments or dyes; Process features in the making of dyestuff preparations; Dyestuff preparations of a special physical nature, e.g. tablets, films
    • C09B67/0071Process features in the making of dyestuff preparations; Dehydrating agents; Dispersing agents; Dustfree compositions
    • C09B67/0092Dyes in solid form
    • C09B67/0094Treatment of powders, e.g. antidusting
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09BORGANIC DYES OR CLOSELY-RELATED COMPOUNDS FOR PRODUCING DYES, e.g. PIGMENTS; MORDANTS; LAKES
    • C09B67/00Influencing the physical, e.g. the dyeing or printing properties of dyestuffs without chemical reactions, e.g. by treating with solvents grinding or grinding assistants, coating of pigments or dyes; Process features in the making of dyestuff preparations; Dyestuff preparations of a special physical nature, e.g. tablets, films
    • C09B67/0033Blends of pigments; Mixtured crystals; Solid solutions

Description

Patented Oct. 24, 1950 UNITED, STATE?S PATENT orncs Herman A. Bergstrom", Albany, N. Y., assignor to General Aniline & Film Corporation, New York, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware" No Drawing. Application December 27, 1946, Serial No. 718,905

. 1 This invention relates to a process for-reducing dusting in powders, more particularly in powders of organic color compounds, chromogens and auxochromic compounds and to dustless compositions of the same.

Itis customary in the manufacture of organic color compounds, 1. e., dyestuffs and organic pig merits, and of chromogens and auxochromic compounds to prepare these materials in powder form as in this way economy and convenience in shipping and handling of the products is to be obtained. These advantages in the powder form of the products are offset to some extent by the tendency of the products to become objectionably dusty in handling, a condition brought about by air-lifting of very fine product particles which are always present in the powders. The degree of the dusting will vary depending on the concentration of very fine particles in'the powders and on the conditionslsurrounding the handling of the powders, such as the presence and magnitude of neighboring air-currents, the length of fall pouring, or the vigor of the'packing in packaging, etc. The dusting in some instances may be so slight as to be negligible in effect. On the other hand, in extremely pronounced cases it is a health hazard, causing pneumonoconiosis or skin irritations among the workers, as. well as a noticeable loss of material. 'In pronounced cases of dusting, packaging, pouring and measuring are difficult while in extreme cases accurate measurement is sometimes a practical impossia bility due to loss of material. 7 t

I have now found that dustiness in pulverulent organic color compounds, chromogens and auxo chromic compounds may be overcome in an advantageous manner by incorporating therewith a minor proportion of an alkyl monohaloacetate in which the alkyl group contains not more than 4 carbon atoms. i

These alkyl monohaloacetates are liquid compounds having the general formula:

CHzXCOOR 6 Claims. (Cl. 260-141) dust-binding effect. They do not have an unpleasantodor and have low volatility at ordinary temperatures. The preferred embodiment of theinvention resides in the use of these com: pounds wherein the halogen is chlorine, due chiefly to price and availability.

The amount of the liquid alkyl monohaloacetates used in treating the powders in accordance with the invention may be varied. Positive re-' sults in dust reduction may be obtained with as little as 0.5% of one of the alkyl monohaloacetates onthe weight of the powder. Optimum amounts range from about 1 to 3% by weight; although in some instances for best results up to about 5% by weight may be required. Where economically feasible, still larger amounts may beused with excellent results, for example be: tween about 5 and 10% by weight. Amounts should not be employed, however, asv would set up a continuous liquid phase in the powder bringing about separation of the alkyl' monohaloacetate therefrom by drainage. The incorporation of the liquid alkyl monohaloacetates with the powders may be accomplished in any suitable and convenient way, .for example, by theuse ofpowder blending machines having provision for spraying or otherwise distributing the liquid uni formly over the mass of the powder so as to avoid formation of pastes in the mass. For best results, a, thorough mixing of the powder and liquid should be obtained. The term chromogen is used'herein in the customary sense of the term to mean those or-' ganic compounds which, in themselves not dyestuffs, are capable of being converted to dyestuffs by an agency such as oxidation or by coupling with a compound containing one or more auxochrome groups, i. e., auxochromic compounds. Under the term chromogen as defined herein are included leuco vat dyestuffs and their derivatives such as the leuco sulfuric acid esters, which compounds on oxidation are converted to the vat dyestuffs, and the water-soluble stabilized diazo compoundswhich in aqueous medium, acid, neu-j tral'or' alkaline as the case may be, couple with 3,6-dlsulfonic acid and the like. A class of auxochromic compounds with which the invention is particularly concerned are those known in the art as NaphthlAS compounds. The Naphthol-AS compounds are arylides of carboxylic acids capable of coupling with a diazo compound to form an azo dyestuff. Examples of this type of coupler compounds are, the anilides or anisidides of 2,3-hydroxynaphthoic acid, 2,3-hydroxyanthroic acid, 2-hydroxy-1l-benzo(a) -carbazole- 3-carboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-3-dibenzofurancarboxylic acid, etc., and the bisbenzidides of acetoacetic acid, terephthaloyl-a,a'-diacetic acid and the like.

The water-soluble stabilized diazo compounds may be prepared by reacting the diazonium salt in aqueous solution with metal salts such aszinc chloride, cadmium chloride and tin chloride or with compounds such as the alkali metal fluoroborates, alkyl or aryl sulfonic acids, e. g., naphthalene-1,5-disulfonic acid, and acid sulfates. These stabilized diazo compounds exhibit the properties of true salts in that they ionize immediately in neutral or acid solution and show the reaction of diazo ions. Amines which carry one or more water-solubilizing groups such as the sulfonic or carboxylic' acid groupsto render the stabilized compound soluble in water may also be used for the preparation of stabilized diazo compounds. Amines of this character are, forv example, sarcosine, methyl taurine, N-ethyl or N-methyl-5-sulfo-anthranilic acid, proline and N-methyl glucamine. Depending on whether the amine employed is primary or secondary, the resulting stabilized compound is a diazo azmino or a diazo-imino compound. In the art and herein also, these stabilized diazoamino and diazo-imino compounds are contained under the generic orcollective term, water-soluble' stabilized diazo-amino compounds.

The invention and the application of the process thereof to the preparation of dustless powders of organic color compounds, chromogens and auxochromic compounds is illustrated in more detail in the following examples, to which, however, it is not intended that the invention be limited; Parts are by weight.

Example 1 parts of a powder of a stabilized diazo com- Example 2 50 parts of a powder of the zinc chloride double salt of diazotised 2,5-dichloroaniline and 1 part of ethyl chloroacetate are mixed in the manner of the previous example. The product has excellent non-dusting properties.

Example 3 50 parts of a powder of the azo dye prepared by coupling diazotised p-nitroaniline and dihydroxyethyl-m-toluidine is mixed as in- Example 1 with 1 .part of ethyl chloroacetate. The product. ;is a composition of excellent non-dusting properties.

Example 4 50 parts of a powder of dimethoxydibenzanthrone is well mixed with 1 part of ethyl chloroacetate in the manner of the preceding examples. The product has outstanding non-dusting prop erties.

Example 5 50 parts of a powder of an azoic dye mixture comprising Naphthol AS-G (bisacetoacet-o-toluidide) and diazotised 5-chloro-o-anisidine stabilized with sarcosine is well mixed with 2.5 parts of ethyl chloroacetate by milling together in a small mixing device. The composition is a nondusting powder.

In like manner, the process may be applied for the reduction of dusting in powders of chromogens, auxochromic compounds and dyestuiTs generally, and for the preparation of non-dusting powders of organic pigments, such as azo pigments per se, metal complexes of azo dyestuffs such as the copper or cobalt complexes of the azo dyestuffs obtained by coupling tetrazotised dianisidine or tetrazotised benzidine with 2-naphthol-6-sulfonic acid (Schaeffers salt), phthalocyanine pigments, and color lakes such as those prepared by the deposition on water-insoluble substratum such as barium sulfate of azo dyestuffs, for example, the yellow pigment from the coupling of diazotised o-nitro-p-chloroaniline with acetoacet-o-chloroanilide. Nondusting powders of dyestufis such as Methyl Violet, Crystal Violet and the rhodamines, acridine dyestufis and vat dyestuffs, for example indanthrones, pyranthrones, fiavanthrones, dibenzanthrones, anthranthrones, dibenzpyrenequinones, anthrimidecarbazoles, naphthacridones, indigo, thioindigo, indirubin, etc., and their leuco and leuco ester derivatives.

The invention is applicable to the preparation of dustles's powder compositions which contain a water-soluble stabilized diazo compound in admixture with a Naphthol-AS type coupler. In its broader aspect the process may be applied inmany instances to the binding of dustin powder mixtures of organic color compounds, chromogens or auxochromic compounds which contain other powdered materials useful in the coloring art, such as dyeing or printing assistants, for example, surface-active agents, e. g., aliphatic acid condensation products of taurine. The same relative proportions of the liquid alkyl monohaloacetate are applicable in such cases, the total quantity thereof being taken on the weight of the powder mixture.

I claim:

1. A composition of matter comprising a pulverulent water-soluble stabilized diazo com pound which is a salt admixed with an amount of an alkyl monohaloacetate in which the alkyl group contains not more than 4 carbon atoms, which is not below about 0.5% by weight but is less than would result in liquid separation by drainage.

2. A composition of matter comprising a powder of a water-soluble stabilized diazo compound which is a salt admixed with from about 1 to 5% by weight of an alkyl monochloroacetate in which the alkyl group contains not more than 4 carbon atoms.

(3-. A composition of matter comprising a pow der ofawater-soluble stabilized diazo compound which is a salt admixed with from about 1 to 5 by weight of ethyl chloroacetate. I 4. A composition of matter comprising a pul.-

iiiuient water-soluble double salt of a metalsalt and a diazo compound admixed with from about 1 to 5% by weight of an alkyl monochioroacetate in which the alkyl group contains not more than 4 carbon atoms.

5. A composition of matter comprising a pulverulent water-soluble double salt of zinc chloride and a diazo compound admixed with from about 1 to 5% by weight of an alkyl monochloioacetate in which the alkyl group contains not 10 more than 4 carbon atoms.

6. A composition of matter comprising a pulverulent water-soluble stabilized diazo compound which is a salt of an aryl sulfonic acid admixed with from about 1 to 5% by weight of an alkyl monohaloacetate in which the alkyl group contains not more than 4 carbon atoms.

HERMAN A. BERGSTROM.

REFERENCES CITEiT The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UKTTED STATES PATENTS Number I Name Date 1,572,715 Gunther t Feb. 9, 192]; 2,090,511 Crossley a- Aug. 17, 1937 2,138,572 Etzelmiller -.t- Nov. 29, 1928 2,319,265 Rossander et a1 May 18-, 1942 2,390,406 :We'gst t a1 Dec. 4, 1945 I'FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Dat 274,642 Germany aha-use; May 22, 1914

Claims (1)

  1. 5. A COMPOSITION OF MATTER COMPRISING A PULVERULENT WATER-SOLUBLE DOUBLE SALT OF ZINC CHLORIDE AND A DIAZO COMPOUND ADMIXED WITH FROM ABOUT 1 TO 5% BY WEIGHT OF AN ALKYL MONOCHLOROACETATE IN WHICH THE ALKYL GROUP CONTAINS NOT MORE THAN 4 CARBON ATOMS.
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US5616443A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-04-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Substrate having a mutable colored composition thereon
US5643356A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-07-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Ink for ink jet printers
US5645964A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-07-08 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Digital information recording media and method of using same
US5681380A (en) * 1995-06-05 1997-10-28 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ink for ink jet printers
US5700850A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-12-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide Colorant compositions and colorant stabilizers
US5709955A (en) * 1994-06-30 1998-01-20 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Adhesive composition curable upon exposure to radiation and applications therefor
US5721287A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-02-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of mutating a colorant by irradiation
US5733693A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-03-31 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for improving the readability of data processing forms
US5739175A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-04-14 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition containing an arylketoalkene wavelength-specific sensitizer
US5747550A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-05-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of generating a reactive species and polymerizing an unsaturated polymerizable material
US5773182A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-06-30 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of light stabilizing a colorant
US5782963A (en) * 1996-03-29 1998-07-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US5786132A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-07-28 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Pre-dyes, mutable dye compositions, and methods of developing a color
US5798015A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-08-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of laminating a structure with adhesive containing a photoreactor composition
US5811199A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-09-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Adhesive compositions containing a photoreactor composition
US5837429A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-11-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide Pre-dyes, pre-dye compositions, and methods of developing a color
US5849411A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-12-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Polymer film, nonwoven web and fibers containing a photoreactor composition
US5855655A (en) * 1996-03-29 1999-01-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US5865471A (en) * 1993-08-05 1999-02-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photo-erasable data processing forms
US5885337A (en) * 1995-11-28 1999-03-23 Nohr; Ronald Sinclair Colorant stabilizers
US5891229A (en) * 1996-03-29 1999-04-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US6008268A (en) * 1994-10-21 1999-12-28 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition, method of generating a reactive species, and applications therefor
US6017661A (en) * 1994-11-09 2000-01-25 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Temporary marking using photoerasable colorants
US6017471A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-01-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants and colorant modifiers
US6033465A (en) * 1995-06-28 2000-03-07 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants and colorant modifiers
US6071979A (en) * 1994-06-30 2000-06-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition method of generating a reactive species and applications therefor
US6099628A (en) * 1996-03-29 2000-08-08 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US6211383B1 (en) 1993-08-05 2001-04-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Nohr-McDonald elimination reaction
US6228157B1 (en) 1998-07-20 2001-05-08 Ronald S. Nohr Ink jet ink compositions
US6242057B1 (en) 1994-06-30 2001-06-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition and applications therefor
US6265458B1 (en) 1998-09-28 2001-07-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6277897B1 (en) 1998-06-03 2001-08-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6294698B1 (en) 1999-04-16 2001-09-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6331056B1 (en) 1999-02-25 2001-12-18 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Printing apparatus and applications therefor
US6368396B1 (en) 1999-01-19 2002-04-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants, colorant stabilizers, ink compositions, and improved methods of making the same
US6368395B1 (en) 1999-05-24 2002-04-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Subphthalocyanine colorants, ink compositions, and method of making the same
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US2319265A (en) * 1940-09-25 1943-05-18 Du Pont Azo dyestuffs
US2390406A (en) * 1943-07-17 1945-12-04 Wyandotte Chemicals Corp Alkaline composition of matter

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US5643356A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-07-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Ink for ink jet printers
US5643701A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-07-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Electrophotgraphic process utilizing mutable colored composition
US5645964A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-07-08 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Digital information recording media and method of using same
US6211383B1 (en) 1993-08-05 2001-04-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Nohr-McDonald elimination reaction
US5683843A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-11-04 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Solid colored composition mutable by ultraviolet radiation
US5700850A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-12-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide Colorant compositions and colorant stabilizers
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US5721287A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-02-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of mutating a colorant by irradiation
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