US2488807A - Sealing end plates of heat exchangers - Google Patents

Sealing end plates of heat exchangers Download PDF

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Publication number
US2488807A
US2488807A US705872A US70587246A US2488807A US 2488807 A US2488807 A US 2488807A US 705872 A US705872 A US 705872A US 70587246 A US70587246 A US 70587246A US 2488807 A US2488807 A US 2488807A
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United States
Prior art keywords
shell
cover
plate
annulus
plates
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Expired - Lifetime
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US705872A
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Donald H Currie
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Donald H Currie
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F9/00Casings; Header boxes; Auxiliary supports for elements; Auxiliary members within casings
    • F28F9/02Header boxes; End plates
    • F28F9/0236Header boxes; End plates floating elements
    • F28F9/0241Header boxes; End plates floating elements floating end plates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S285/00Pipe joints or couplings
    • Y10S285/918O-ring

Description

Nov. 22, 1949 "D. H. CURRIE 2,438,807

SEALING END PLATES OF HEAT EXCHANGERS Filed Oct. 26, 1946 Fig.3

Donald H. Curr/ INVENT R ATTORNEY Patented Nov. 22, 1949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE SEALING END PLATES OF HEAT EXCHANGERS I Donald H. Currie, Damn; Mich. Application October 26, 1946, Serial No. 705,872

' 4 Claims. (01. 257-239) The present invention pertains to a heat exchanger and is concerned with an improvement in'means for securing the parts of a heat exchanger in liquid-tight relationship to each other while permitting convenient assembly and disassembly of parts. The invention provides a connection which gives the important advantage of permitting a limited movement of end' plate of the tube assembly independently of the shell and shell cover. A particular feature of the invention consists in the fact that it provides an economical and convenient means for assembling a heat exchanger tube bundle with an adjacent shell and end plates, so that the entire tube assembly may be removed as a unit with a minimum of labor. Other features and advantages of the invention will be evident from a reading of the following detailed description in the light of the attached drawing, in which,

Figure 1 is a central cross section through the heat exchanger of the invention,

Figure '2 is an enlarged detailed cross section through the end plate of the heat exchanger which is at the opposite end from the inlet for admitting fluid to the tube bundle, and

Figure 3 is a perspective view of a deformable elastic annulus.

Referring to the drawing by reference characters, the heat exchanger of the-invention includes a shell l through which a liquid may flow from inlet II to outlet l2 through a tortuous tie rods and passageway around successive baffles iii. A tube bundle l4, which may comprise a large number of tubes (of which only four are illustrated) extends through the shell 10 and provides a passageway for a second liquid by which said second liquid is conducted through the tubes in indirect heat exchange relationship with respect to liquid flowing through the space surrounding the tubes from inlet H to inlet l2. The individual tubes of the tube bundle l4 are interconnected by end plates l5 and It at opposite ends of shell I0, and these individual tubes pass through these end plates and are secured in liquid-tight relationship to each of said plates.

A shell cover I! is secured to the shell I, as llustrated at the lefthand end of Figure 1, and :his shell cover I! defines, together with end plate 15 inlet and outlet headers which are connected c inlet and outlet conduit connections l8 and 9, respectively, to direct liquid into the conduits hrough which said liquid flows to opposed end date l6, and to discharge said liquid after return hereof from end plate l6. Shell cover I! is rovided with a dividing wall The liquid is or plate 20 which,

up to this point are when the parts of the heat exchanger are assembled, provides a liquid-tight dividing wall which separates the inlet and outlet headers from each other. Flanges 2| and 22 are provided on the inlet shell cover I! and adjacent end. of shell l0, respectively, and the end plate I5 is retained between these flanges in liquid-tight relationship with respect to each of them.

A plurality of'tie rods 23 are connected to the end plate I5, and spacer tubes 24 surround these determine the positions of the respective baffles I3 longitudinally of the heater shell. The tie rods are threaded at their ends remote from the end plate l5 and nuts-25 secured to these threaded ends hold the individual tie rods and baffles in proper space relationship within the shell. A shell cover 26 is secured to the opposite end of the shell from the cover I1 and this shell cover, like the shell cover H, is maintained in liquid-tight relation to end plate It and to the adjacent end of the shell l0.

The features of the heat exchanger as described more or less conventional, and the operation of evident to those skilled in the art. As pointed out above, liquid to be cooled or heated may be passed in a tortuous path from inlet II to outlet I! of the main body of the shell I. The second liquid, which is to have its temperature changed by indirect heat exchange with liquid flowing from inlet I l to outlet I2, enters the inlet header defined by shell cover l1, wall 20 and plate l5 through inlet connection l8 and flows through the upper tubes H, as illustrated in Figure 1 of the drawing, from this inlet header into the header defined plate ii at the opposite end of the heat exchanger. then returned from this space through the tubes 44 illustrated in the lower part of Figure 1 to the outlet header constituting the lower chamber defined by wall 20, plate l5 and shell cover l1. 7 y

In a device of this character, it is desirable that the entire tube bundle assembly, including the tubes I, end plates l5 and I6, baffles l3, tie rods 23 and spacer tubes 24 be readily removable as a unit from the tube shell. The present invention provides a convenient and economical means of accomplishing this result, as follows.

An annular metal ring 21, which is of smaller external diameter than the minimum internal diameter of the shell III, is secured by welding or other appropriate means to, or integrally formed with, the outer diameter of the end plate It. An annulus of deformable elastic material, such as this heat exchanger will be by the shell cover 25 and end live rubber, is movably cover 26, removal of mounted about the outer diameter of the ring 21. This annulus may, for example, be a vulcanized rubber ring 28, as illustrated in Figure 3 of the drawing. The nature of the connection of the plate l6 to the shell cover. will be evident from a description of the method of assembling the end plate IS with the ring 28 and the surrounding surface of the shell cover.

This assembly may be accomplished by first mounting the annulus 28 about the right-hand portion of surface 32 of ring 21, this assembly and the associated tube bundle being placed in proper assembled relationship to the shell Ill, cover I! and associated parts, and thereafter placing the left-hand end of the cover 26 against the righthand end of the annulus 2B and distorting the annulus 28 with rolling thereof to the left forcing the cover 26 to the left into the position illustrated in Figure 1. The inner circumference of the flange 29 is preferably bevelled as indicated at 3i to facilitate assembly and the initial distortion and rolling of the annulus 28 as the flange 29 is forced toward the flange 30. Since the inner diameter of the cover 26 will, in this preferred embodiment of the invention, be of smaller di ameter than the outer diameter ofthe annulus 28 in its normal, undistorted, condition, the forcing of the inner circumferential surface 33 of the cover 26 across the outer surface of the annulus 28 incident to the bringing of the cover 26 into the position illustrated in Figure '1, will effect distortion and rolling of the annulus 28. The tendency of this annulus to return to its normal undistorted condition will be resisted by the contiguous outer surface 32 of the ring 21 and the contiguous inn-er surface 33 of the cover 26 by and between which surfaces the annulus 28 is held in its distortedshape, and will thus effect a tight sealing relationship between the annulus. and these contiguous surfaces 32 and 33, thereby preventing leakage of liquid in either direction toward or from the header defined by the plate l6 and the cover 26. In this connection the shoulders 34 on ring 21 preferably are spaced apart sufficiently to permit unlimited rolling of the annulus 28 therebetween during assembly and disassembly, and thus do not act as stops to distort the annulus 28 when the parts are assembled. Accordingly, shoulders 34 may be eliminated, if desired. It will be seen that, when the tubes i4 and shell 10 expand differentially under the influence of heat, the annulus 28 will accommodate this expansion, permitting the longitudinal movement of the end plate 16 relative to cover 26. The only liquid which may enter or leave this header is therefore the liquid passing through the respective tubes of the tube bundle M. The cover 26 may be secured to the shell in in any appropriate manner, as for example, by bolts or clamps which effect securement of the flange 29 on cover 26 to flange on the adjacent end of shell 10.

It will be seen from the above discussion that, when the parts of the heat exchanger are constructed as above described, the tube bundle and associated parts may be clamped in position with respect to the shell l0 and cover l1, and that the assembly of parts may thereafter be completed by bringing the cover 26 home across'the outer sur-' face of the annulus 28. The parts may be disassembled with'facility by simple removal of the the clamps or bolts which interconnect the flanges 2| and 22, removal of the inlet shell cover i1, and withdrawal of the tubes and other parts secured thereto from within the shell I0.

Various modifications of the above-described details may be applied in practice of the invention.

Various other-modifications are available to those skilled in the art, and I do not therefore wish to be limited except by the scope of the following claims.

I claim:

1. In a heat exc anger, the combination comprising a heater shell, a tube bundle interconnected by and extending through end plates designed for securement relatively to said shell to provide fluid conduits through said tubes interconnecting headers, and means for securing said end plates relatively to said shell, said means for securing one of said end plates to said shell comprising a longitudinally extending circumferential outer surface on said end plate but of smaller external diameter than the minimum internal diameter of said shell, a shell cover having a longitudinally extending circumferential inner surface positioned about said circumferential outer surface when said shell cover is in assembled position, said circumferential inner surface being movable with said shell cover longitudinally of said circumferential outer surface during assembly and disassembly of said shell cover, an annulus of deformable elastic material positioned circumferentially between said circumferential outer and inner surfaces and of a thickness to be distorted by compression between said circumferential surfaces and to roll between and with respect to said circumferential surfaces during assembly and disassembly of said shell cover.

2. In a heat exchanger, the combination comprising a heater shell, a tube bundle interconnected by and extending through end plates designed for securement relatively to said shell to provide fluid conduits through said tubes interconnecting headers, and means for securing said end plates relatively to said shell, said means for securing one of said end plates to said shell comprising a cylindrical outer surface on said end plate of smaller external diameter than the minimum internal diameter of said shell, a shell cover having a cylindrical inner surface positioned about said cylindrical outer surface when said shell cover is in assembled position, said cylindrical inner surface being movable with said shell cover longitudinally of said cylindrical outer surface during assembly and disassembly of said shell cover, an annulus of deformable elastic material positioned circumferentially between said cylindrical surfaces and of a thickness to be compressed and distorted between said surfaces and to roll along the same during assembly and disassembly of said shell cover.

3. A shell cover assembly, comprising an end plate, a longitudinally extending circumferential outer surface on said end plate, a shell cover having-alongitudinally extending circumferential inner surface positioned about said circumferential outer surface when said shell cover is in assembled position, said circumferential inner surface being movable with said shell cover longitudinally of said circumferential outer surface during assembly and disassembly of said shell cover, an annulus of deformable elastic material about said circumferential outer surface and of a thickness to be compressed between said circumferential surfaces and to roll with respect thereto during assembly and disassembly of said shell tube assembly. including the end plate 15 and cover.

4. A shell cover assembly, comprising an end plate, a cylindrical outer surface on said end plate, a shell cover having a cylindrical inner surface positioned about said cylindrical outer surface when said shell cover is in assembled position, said cylindrical inner surface being movable with said shell cover longitudinally of said cylindrical outer surface during assembly and disassembiy of said shell cover, a rubber ring of circular cross section positioned about and in close contact with said cylindrical outer surface, said rubber ring being of a thickness to be substantially compressed and distorted between said cylindrical surfaces and to be caused to roll thereon during relative longitudinal movement of said cylindrical surfaces with respect to each other REFERENCES 0mm The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

incident to assembly and disassembly of said shell 7 cover.

DONALD H. CURRIE.

US705872A 1946-10-26 1946-10-26 Sealing end plates of heat exchangers Expired - Lifetime US2488807A (en)

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Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2643085A (en) * 1948-09-08 1953-06-23 Westinghouse Electric Corp Gas turbine apparatus
US2656925A (en) * 1950-06-15 1953-10-27 Cecil C Johnson Emulsion treater
US2691508A (en) * 1950-12-26 1954-10-12 Pure Oil Co Floating head assembly for shell and tube type coolers or heat exchangers
US2985435A (en) * 1956-08-27 1961-05-23 Gross Frank Robert Heat-transfer apparatus
US3145768A (en) * 1958-06-02 1964-08-25 United Aircraft Prod Valve and heat exchanger assembly
US3279532A (en) * 1964-05-28 1966-10-18 Westinghouse Electric Corp Heat exchanger tube-joint sealing arrangement
US3305012A (en) * 1965-04-19 1967-02-21 Henry W Allen Heat exchanger bundle
US3528669A (en) * 1965-07-31 1970-09-15 Firgat S N C Sealing ring,more particularly for machine parts
US3750413A (en) * 1968-10-15 1973-08-07 Hydrocarbon Research Inc Cryogenic apparatus assembly method
US3776303A (en) * 1971-04-27 1973-12-04 Olin Corp Heat exchanger
US3936291A (en) * 1972-08-14 1976-02-03 Mcmaster Harold Glass sheet tempering blasthead
US4470516A (en) * 1983-09-12 1984-09-11 Mcquay, Inc. High pressure feedwater heater closure assembly
US4773475A (en) * 1983-06-13 1988-09-27 Sleep Jr Robert E Disassembleable core heat exchanger
NL1011503C2 (en) * 1999-03-09 2000-09-14 Peter Plukkel Heat exchanger for cooling exhaust gases uses assembly of many straight pipes which pass through cylindrical cooling jacket
WO2003044441A1 (en) * 2001-11-22 2003-05-30 Behr Gmbh & Co. Waste gas heat exchanger
US20040226694A1 (en) * 2003-05-14 2004-11-18 Roland Dilley Heat exchanger with removable core
US20050199227A1 (en) * 2002-04-25 2005-09-15 Behr Gmbh & Co. Kg Exhaust heat exchanger in particular for motor vehicles
US20070181294A1 (en) * 2006-02-07 2007-08-09 Jorg Soldner Exhaust gas heat exchanger and method of operating the same
US20100024649A1 (en) * 2005-10-18 2010-02-04 Parker-Hannifin Corporation Air separation module with load carrying center tube
US20100126704A1 (en) * 2008-11-24 2010-05-27 Caterpillar Inc. Heat Exchanger with Direct Flow Path Modules
EP2259000A1 (en) * 2003-10-17 2010-12-08 Honeywell International Inc. Internal bypass exhaust gas cooler
US20140338875A1 (en) * 2007-02-27 2014-11-20 Modine Manufacturing Company 2-pass heat exchanger including thermal expansion joints
US8915292B2 (en) 2006-02-07 2014-12-23 Modine Manufacturing Company Exhaust gas heat exchanger and method of operating the same
US20150075750A1 (en) * 2012-03-15 2015-03-19 Mahle International Gmbh Charge-air cooling device
US20190059147A1 (en) * 2016-02-17 2019-02-21 Qilu University Of Technology Plasma heater
US10254055B2 (en) * 2014-12-22 2019-04-09 Mahle International Gmbh Intercooler assembly

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US113668A (en) * 1871-04-11 Improvement in surface-condensers
US911156A (en) * 1907-06-29 1909-02-02 Gustav Politz Tube-joint.
US1822698A (en) * 1930-09-04 1931-09-08 Struthers Wells Titusville Cor Baffle packing for heat exchangers
GB399690A (en) * 1933-01-14 1933-10-12 Fred Hepworth Improvements in and connected with tubular heat-exchange apparatus for fluids

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US113668A (en) * 1871-04-11 Improvement in surface-condensers
US911156A (en) * 1907-06-29 1909-02-02 Gustav Politz Tube-joint.
US1822698A (en) * 1930-09-04 1931-09-08 Struthers Wells Titusville Cor Baffle packing for heat exchangers
GB399690A (en) * 1933-01-14 1933-10-12 Fred Hepworth Improvements in and connected with tubular heat-exchange apparatus for fluids

Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2643085A (en) * 1948-09-08 1953-06-23 Westinghouse Electric Corp Gas turbine apparatus
US2656925A (en) * 1950-06-15 1953-10-27 Cecil C Johnson Emulsion treater
US2691508A (en) * 1950-12-26 1954-10-12 Pure Oil Co Floating head assembly for shell and tube type coolers or heat exchangers
US2985435A (en) * 1956-08-27 1961-05-23 Gross Frank Robert Heat-transfer apparatus
US3145768A (en) * 1958-06-02 1964-08-25 United Aircraft Prod Valve and heat exchanger assembly
US3279532A (en) * 1964-05-28 1966-10-18 Westinghouse Electric Corp Heat exchanger tube-joint sealing arrangement
US3305012A (en) * 1965-04-19 1967-02-21 Henry W Allen Heat exchanger bundle
US3528669A (en) * 1965-07-31 1970-09-15 Firgat S N C Sealing ring,more particularly for machine parts
US3750413A (en) * 1968-10-15 1973-08-07 Hydrocarbon Research Inc Cryogenic apparatus assembly method
US3776303A (en) * 1971-04-27 1973-12-04 Olin Corp Heat exchanger
US3936291A (en) * 1972-08-14 1976-02-03 Mcmaster Harold Glass sheet tempering blasthead
US4773475A (en) * 1983-06-13 1988-09-27 Sleep Jr Robert E Disassembleable core heat exchanger
US4470516A (en) * 1983-09-12 1984-09-11 Mcquay, Inc. High pressure feedwater heater closure assembly
NL1011503C2 (en) * 1999-03-09 2000-09-14 Peter Plukkel Heat exchanger for cooling exhaust gases uses assembly of many straight pipes which pass through cylindrical cooling jacket
WO2003044441A1 (en) * 2001-11-22 2003-05-30 Behr Gmbh & Co. Waste gas heat exchanger
US20040244946A1 (en) * 2001-11-22 2004-12-09 Martin Schindler Waste gas heat exchanger
US7044116B2 (en) 2002-04-25 2006-05-16 Behr Gmbh & Co. Kg Exhaust heat exchanger in particular for motor vehicles
US20050199227A1 (en) * 2002-04-25 2005-09-15 Behr Gmbh & Co. Kg Exhaust heat exchanger in particular for motor vehicles
US20040226694A1 (en) * 2003-05-14 2004-11-18 Roland Dilley Heat exchanger with removable core
EP2259000A1 (en) * 2003-10-17 2010-12-08 Honeywell International Inc. Internal bypass exhaust gas cooler
US20110099973A1 (en) * 2003-10-17 2011-05-05 Honeywell International Inc. Internal bypass exhaust gas cooler
US8695332B2 (en) 2003-10-17 2014-04-15 Honeywell International Inc. Internal bypass exhaust gas cooler
US7717983B2 (en) 2005-10-18 2010-05-18 Parker-Hannifin Corporation Air separation module with load carrying center tube
US20100024649A1 (en) * 2005-10-18 2010-02-04 Parker-Hannifin Corporation Air separation module with load carrying center tube
US8915292B2 (en) 2006-02-07 2014-12-23 Modine Manufacturing Company Exhaust gas heat exchanger and method of operating the same
US8020610B2 (en) * 2006-02-07 2011-09-20 Modine Manufacturing Company Exhaust gas heat exchanger and method of operating the same
US20070181294A1 (en) * 2006-02-07 2007-08-09 Jorg Soldner Exhaust gas heat exchanger and method of operating the same
US20140338875A1 (en) * 2007-02-27 2014-11-20 Modine Manufacturing Company 2-pass heat exchanger including thermal expansion joints
US20100126704A1 (en) * 2008-11-24 2010-05-27 Caterpillar Inc. Heat Exchanger with Direct Flow Path Modules
US20150075750A1 (en) * 2012-03-15 2015-03-19 Mahle International Gmbh Charge-air cooling device
US9951677B2 (en) * 2012-03-15 2018-04-24 Mahle International Gmbh Charge-air cooling device
US10254055B2 (en) * 2014-12-22 2019-04-09 Mahle International Gmbh Intercooler assembly
US20190059147A1 (en) * 2016-02-17 2019-02-21 Qilu University Of Technology Plasma heater
US10412819B2 (en) * 2016-02-17 2019-09-10 Qilu University Of Technology Plasma heater

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