US2470145A - Multifrequency signaling system - Google Patents

Multifrequency signaling system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2470145A
US2470145A US776061A US77606147A US2470145A US 2470145 A US2470145 A US 2470145A US 776061 A US776061 A US 776061A US 77606147 A US77606147 A US 77606147A US 2470145 A US2470145 A US 2470145A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
relay
contacts
frequencies
ground
relays
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US776061A
Inventor
Clos Charles
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
AT&T Corp
Original Assignee
American Telephone and Telegraph Co Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by American Telephone and Telegraph Co Inc filed Critical American Telephone and Telegraph Co Inc
Priority to US776061A priority Critical patent/US2470145A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2470145A publication Critical patent/US2470145A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q1/00Details of selecting apparatus or arrangements for establishing connections among stations for the purpose of transferring information via these connections
    • H04Q1/18Electrical details
    • H04Q1/30Signalling arrangements; Manipulation of signalling currents
    • H04Q1/44Signalling arrangements; Manipulation of signalling currents using alternate current
    • H04Q1/444Signalling arrangements; Manipulation of signalling currents using alternate current with voice-band signalling frequencies
    • H04Q1/45Signalling arrangements; Manipulation of signalling currents using alternate current with voice-band signalling frequencies using multi-frequency signalling
    • H04Q1/453Signalling arrangements; Manipulation of signalling currents using alternate current with voice-band signalling frequencies using multi-frequency signalling in which m-out-of-n signalling frequencies are transmitted

Description

May 17, 1949. c. cLos MULTIFREQUENCY SIGNALING sxs'mu 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 25, 1947 Q E 3 R //v l EN TOR C. CL 05 ATTORNEY May 17, 1949. c. bLos MULTIFREQUENCY SIGNALING SYSTEM 7 3 Sheets-Sheet" 2 Filed Sept. 25; 1947 lNl EN TOR ATTORNEY Patented May 17, 1949 MULTIFREQUENCY SIGNALING SYSTEM Charles Clos, Middle Village, N. Y., assignor to American Telephone and Telegraph Company, a corporation of New York Application September 25, 1947, Serial No. 776,081 Claims. (Cl. 177-353) This invention relates to signaling systems and more particularly to systems in which combinations of electrical frequencies are usedfor signaling.
A common form of signaling system is one which employs a combination of two of five different'electrical frequencies to represent each of ten characters, such as the digits "0" to 9, and a receiver responsive to said frequencies to indicate the character or digit corresponding to the combination of frequencies received. Means are usually provided to prevent false indications if, for any reason, more or less than two of the frequencies are transmitted in combination to the receiver. A system of this kind is disclosed in the patent'to G. Hecht et al. 2,332,912, dated October 26, 1943.
The present invention discloses a system employing combinations of five frequencies to represent ten characters, but each character may be transmitted and received in two diflerent ways, thus doubling the number of distinguishable codes.
A feature of the invention is a means whereby, whensignals are being' transmitted in one way, an indication is given of any signal accidently transmitted in the alternate way.
Another feature of the invention is a means which may be employed, if desired, to indicate the way in which the signals are being transmitted.
These and other features of the invention will be apparent from the description, the appended claims, and the drawings, in which:
Figure 1 shows the transmitting circuits and a portion of the receiving circuits;
Fig. 2 shows another portion of the receiving circuits; and
Fig. 3 shows still another portion of the receiving circuits and also the register circuits.
To completely disclose the invention, Fig, 2 should be placed to the right of Fig. 1 and Fig. 3 to the right of Fig. 2. v
The drawings show one embodiment of the invention for the transmission, reception and registration of four signals representing digits and produced by the manual operation of keys, which is suitable, for example, for the use of operators in telephone systems. It will be obvious that signals may be initiated by other means than keys and may represent other'characters than digits, while provision may be made for the registration at one time of any number of signals. The invention is therefore not limited in its application to telephone systems but is suitable for the transmission and reception of intelligence of any kind represented by signals initiated by any suitable means.
In the present embodiment of the invention, a keysetcomprising ten keys 0-9, shown in Fig. 1, is provided, each key adapted to initiate a signal corresponding to the designation of said key by controlling five sources of frequency a, b, c, d
and e, which may be of any suitable type, and each of which produces a frequency distinguishably different from the frequency produced by any other of said sources. A double-throw key KP is arranged to connect the output of the frequency sources through coils CI--C5 to the trans mission line T. At the receiving end of the system, the transmission line T is provided with the usual highpass filter F, volume limiter VL, and resistance network RN, which may be of any suitable wellknown'type. Each of the five band-pass 'fllters' BPFl-BPF5 is responsive to the frequency of only one of-the sources a, b, c, d and e, filter BPFI being responsive to the frequency of source a, filter BPFZ being responsive to the frequency of source b, etc. The output of eachv of the bandpass filters BPFI-BPF5 through therespectively associated rectifiers RCI, RC2, RC3, RC4 or RCi,
when one of said filters responds, is suflicient to operate'the associated relay A, B, C, D, or E. Reference may be had to the above-mentioned patent for a more complete description of a system of this kind.
The circuits of Fig. 2 are control circuits and the reorder circuit RE, indicated but not shown,
is a well-known circuit for giving a reorder signal to the operator at the keys of Fig. 1. In the present embodiment of the invention, a relay register circuit of five relays, such as the circuit comprising relays THl-TH5, in Fig. 3, is provided for each digit to be registered and provision is made for registering four digits. Other suitable forms of registers may be used and by obvious extension or reduction of the circuits shown, provision may be made for registering any number of digits.
Signals representing digits'may be transmitted by combinations of two of the five frequencies of Oomhinc- Oombina- Re Digits tions oi Two tions oi Three Re ays Repre- Frequencies Frequencies Operated sented a, b e, d, s m a 2nd a, e b, d, e let it 3rd 1 a, d b, c, a 1st & 4th 2 a, c b, c C 1st & th 3 11, 0, 41 e an a 3rd 4 b, d c, c, e 2nd dz 4th 6 b, e a, e, d md & 5th 6 c, d s, b, a 8rd dz 4th 7 c, e a, b, 4 3rd dz 6th 8 d, e a, s 4th 4: 5th 0 the transmission line T. The circuit of frequency source a, for example is completed from ground through saidsource, left-hand winding of coil CI, and No. 5 normal contacts of keys 0-9 to ground. The circuits of the other sources are similarly completed through other normal contacts of keys 0-9. Frequencies induced in the right-hand winding of coils CI-Ci are then transmitted through No. 2 and No. 3 contacts of key KP to line T. Each of the band-pass filters BPFl-BPFS responds to one of said frequencies through the high-pass filter HBF, volume limiter VL, and resistance network RN, operating the associated relays A, B, C, D, and E.
By the operation of relays A, B, C, D and E the circuit of the normally-operated relay F, which extends from battery through the winding of said relay, conductor BI and No. 2 back contacts of relays A, B, C, D and E in series to ground, is openedand relay F released. A circuit is also completed from battery through the winding of relay K, conductor 52, No. 6 front contacts of relay A, No. 5 front contacts of relay B, No. 4 frontcontacts of relay C, No. 3 front contacts of relay D, and No. 2 front contacts of relay E to ground, over which relay K operates. TRA .AND TRI then operate in series over a circuit extending from battery through the contacts of relay F, conductor 53, winding of relay TRI,
' winding of relay TRA, No. 2 contacts of relay OX,
conductor 54, and front contacts of relay K to ground, and lockup through No. 1 contacts of relay TRA to ground. Relays TRB and TR2 operate in series over a circuit extending from battery through contacts of relay F, conductor 53, winding of relay TR2, winding of relay 'IRB, and No.
2 front contacts of relay TRA to ground, and lock up through No. 1 contacts of relay TRB to ground. Relays TRC and TR! operate in series over a circuit extending from battery through the contacts of relay 1', conductor 53, winding of relay TR3, winding of relay TRC, and No. 2 front contacts of relay TRB to ground, and lock up through No. 1 contacts of relay TRC to ground. Relays TRN and CK operate in series over a circuit extending from battery through the contacts of relay F, conductor 53, winding of relay CK, winding of relay TRN, and No. 2 front contacts of re- Relays lay TRO to ground, and lock up through No. 1 contacts of relay TRN to ground.
The receiving circuits are thereby prepared for receiving i nals which are initiated by the depression of, the keys l-l. Assuming that the number 1234" is to be transmitted. keys 1, 2, 3 and 4 are successively depressed and released, in that order. Upon the depression of key 1, a circuit for frequency source a is closed through No. 5 normal contacts of key 0, No. 5 front contacts of key 1 and No. 1 contacts of key KP to ground and a circuit for frequency source c is closed through No. 3 normal contacts of key 0, Nb. 3 front contacts of key 1 and No. 1 contacts of key KP to ground. Since key KP is operated to the right, the circuits of frequency sources b, d and e are opened at No. 4, No. 2 and No. 1 normal contacts, respectively, of key 1. Only the frequencies of sources a and c are now transmitted over line T. Relays A and 0 therefore remain operated and relays B, D and E release.
By the release of relays B, D and E, a circuit is completed from battery through the winding of relay GI, conductor ID, No. 3 front contacts of relay A, No. 3 back contacts of relay B, No. 2
front contacts of relay C, No. 2 back contacts oi relay D, and No. 2 back contacts of relay E to ground. operating relay GI, Relay G2 then operates over a circuit extending from battery through the contacts oi relay F, winding of relay G2, and No. I contacts of relay GI to ground and locks up through its own No. 3, contacts to ground. The No. 1 contacts of relay G2 apply ground to conductor 58 as an indication that signals will be received in combinations of two fre-' quencies. By the release of relays B. D and E, the
circuit, previously traced, of relay K is opened and said relay released. The winding of relay TRA is thereby short-circuited, the left-hand end of said winding .being' connected to ground through No. 1 contacts of said relay and the front contacts of relay 'I'RI, conductor 60, No. 1
front contacts of relay C, conductor 59, and No. 2 contacts of relay GI to ground,- over which relays THI and 'I'Hi operate, said relays locking up over circuits extending from battery through their respective upper windings and No. 1 contacts, and No. 2 back contacts of relay TRA to ground. Relays THI and TH! operated indicate the first digit received to be '1" in accordance with the code previously given.
Upon the release of key I, the circuits of the frequency sources b, d and'e are restored, all five frequencies being now transmitted over line T. In consequence, relays B, D and E reoperate. The
' circuit, previously traced, of relay GI is thereby opened and said relay released. The circuit, previously traced, of relay K is restored, operating said relay which opens the locking circuit of and releases relay TRI. Relays TR! and TRA do not reoperate, their operating circuit being now open at No. 2 contacts of relay 01!.
When key 2 is now depressed, the circuits of frequency sources a and d are maintained through tions of. two frequencies.
No. and No. 2 front contacts, respectively, of said key and No. 1 contacts of key KP to ground, while the circuits of frequency sources b, c and c are opened at No. 4, No. 3 and No. 1 normal contacts, respectively, of key 2. Sources a and It now alone supplying frequency to line T, relays A and D are maintained operated and relays B, C and E released. Relay GI reoperates over a circuit extending from battery through the winding of said relay, conductor 55, No. 3 front contacts of relay A, No. 3 back contacts of relay B, No. 3 back contacts of relay C, No. 2 front contacts of relay D, and No. 2 back contacts of relay E to ground. By the release of relays B, C and E, the circuit, previously traced, of relay K is opened and said relay released, short-circuiting the winding of and releasing relay TRB in the manner previously described for relay TRA. Circuits are now completed from battery through the lower winding of relay HI, No. 6 front contacts of relay TR2, No. 6 back contacts of relay TRI, conductor 58, No. 1 front contacts of relay A, conductor 59, and No. 2'contacts of relay GI to ground, and from battery through the lower winding of relay H4, No. 3 front contacts of relay TR2,'N0. 3 back contacts of relay TRI, conductor 6i, No. 1 front contacts of relay D, conductor 59, and No. 2 contacts of relay GI to ground, over which relays HI and H4 operate, locking up over circuits extending from battery through their respective upper windings and No. 1 contacts, and No. 2 back contacts of relay TRB to ground. Relays Hi and H4 operated indicate the second digit received as 2 in accordance with the code previously given.
In a similar manner, release of key 2 and subsequent depression of key 3 causes the operation and locking up of relays TI and T5 and the release of key 3 and subsequent depression of key 4 causes the operation and locking up of relays U2 and U3. The locked-up relays THi, TH3, Hi, H4, 'I'l, T5, U2 and U3 indicate, in accordance with the code previously given, the number a 1234, which is the number intended to be transmitted, and the ground on conductor 56 indicates that said number' was transmitted by combina- This indication, while not essential, is valuable as it may signify an additional character or item of intelligence.
Upon the release of key hall five frequencies are again applied to line T, as previously described, and relays A, D and E, which were not operated when key 4 was depressed, reoperate. Relay GI releases and relay K reoperates as previously described, opening the locking circuit of and releasing relay CX, which, after the release of relays TRl-TR3, was locked up through its No. 1 contacts, No. 1' back contacts of relays TR3TRI, conductor 51, and back contacts of relay K to ground. Relays TRA and TRI then operate in series over the circuit previously traced, operating, in turn, relays TRB, TR2, 'I'RC, TR3, TRN and CK. Operation of relays TRA, TRB, 'I'RC, and TRN opens the locking circuits of and releases the locked-up register relays; When key KP is restored, the frequencies from the sources a-e are removed from line T, releasing relays A-E. The circuit, previously traced, of relay F is thereby restored and said relay operated, opening the circuits of and releasing relaysG2, TRA, 'I'Ri, TRB, TR2, TRC, TR3, TRN and CK, restoring the circuits to normal.
When any one of the keys is depressed subsefrequencies from the sources a-e be applied tt'i contacts of relay D, and No. 2 back contacts of relay E to ground. Relay HY operates over a circuit extending from battery through the conquent to the depression of the first key, as described above, should, through some fault, three tacts of relay F, winding of relay HY, and No. 3
contacts of relay HX to ground and locks up through its No. 3 contacts to ground. Relay GI does not now operate, its operating circuit being open at No. 2 back contacts of relay D. Relay G2 being operated, as previously described, thereorder circuit RE is energized by ground. through No. 2 contacts of relay G2 and No. 1 contacts of relay HY, giving a reorder signal to the operator of the keyset. The No. 2 contacts of relay HY ground conductor as an indication that the reorder circuit was actuated in response to the receipt of three frequencies in error. The operator may then restore key KP, reoperating relay F over the circuit previously traced, which opens the locking circuits of and releases relays G2 and HY. Relay HX is made slow to operate in order that a reorder signal will not be produced by a momentary false operation of relays A-E.
When it is desired to send and receive a numher, for example, 1234, by combinations of three frequencies, key KP is thrown to the left closing its right-hand contacts. All five frequencies are thereupon transmitted over line T with the effects already described. When key I is now depressed, the circuits of frequency sources b, d and e are maintained closed through No. 4, No. 2, and No. 1 front contacts, respectively, of said key and No. 6 contacts of key KP to ground, while the circuits of frequency sources a and c are opened at No. 5 and No. 3 normal contacts of key 1, respectively. The frequencies of sources a and c are therefore removed from line T and relays A and C are released. Relay HX then operates over a circuit extending from battery through the winding of said relay, conductor 64, No. 5 back contacts of relay A, No. 4
front contacts of relay B, No. 4 back contacts of relay C, No. 3 front contacts of relay D, and No. 2 front contacts of relay E to ground. Relay HY operates over a circuit extending from battery through the contacts of relay F, winding of relay HY, and No. 2 contacts of relay HX to ground and locks up through its own No. 3 contacts to ground, its No. 2 contacts connecting ground to conductor 65. The reorder circuit not being actuated, ground on conductor 65 now indicates that signals are being sent in combinations of three frequencies. Like the previous indication on conductor 56, this indication is not essential but may be useful. Relay K is released, short-circuiting the winding of and releasing relay TRA, as previously described.
.Circuits are now completed from battery through the lower winding of relay THI, No. 6 front contacts of relay TRI, conductor 58, No, 1 back contacts of relay A, conductor 61, and No. 1 contacts of relay HX to ground, and from battery through the lower winding of relayTH3, No. 4
lays'THl and TH! operate, locking up over cir-- cuits extending from battery through their respective upper windings and No. 1 contacts, and No. 2 contacts of relay IRA to ground, .thus registering the first digit as 1 in accordance with the previously given code.
The operations consequent upon the release of key I and subsequent operation and release of keys 2, 3 and 4 are similar to those already described, relays HI, H4, TI, TI, U2 and U3 being operated and locked up over circuits similar to those traced above for relays THI and THI. The number 1234 is thereby registered, but ground on conductor I! applied by the operation of relay HY indicates that said number was transmitted-by combinations of three frequencies. Upon the restoration of key KP, the circuits are restored to normal, as previously described.
If. upon the depression of any key subsequent to the depression of'the first key in the example above, only two frequencies, for example, the frequencies of sources a and (1 upon the depression of key 2, are, through some fault, impressed upon line T (the depression of the first key having in dicated that signals would be sent in combinations of three frequencies), only relays A and D of the relays A-E remain operated. Relay Gi then operates over a circuit extending from battery through the winding of said relay, conduc- .tor 55, No. 3 front contacts of'relay A, No. 3 back contacts of relay B, No. 3 back contacts of relay C, No. 2 front contacts of relay D, and No. 2 back contacts of relay Eto ground, operating relay G2 which locks up, as previously described. Ground is then supplied through No. 2 contacts of relay G2 and No. 1 contacts of relay HY to the reorder circuit RE, causing said reorder circuit to send a reorder signal to the operator at the transmitting end of the system. The No. 1 contacts of relay G2 apply ground to conductor 56 as an indication that two frequencies were received in error.
In either of the examples given above, upon the depression of key I, 2, 3 or 4, only one frequency is through some fault, impressed upon line T, for example, the frequency of source a, relay A alone of the relays A-E remains operated. Re-
lay L then operates over a circuit extending from battery through the winding of said relay, conductor 10, No. 2 front contacts of relay A and No. 2 back contacts of relays B-E in series to ground. Ground is then supplied through the No. 2 contacts of relay L to the reorder circuit RE to cause a reorder signal. Relay L is made slow to operate in order that a reorder signal will not be caused by a momentary failure of frequency or of the apparatus responsive thereto. The No. 1 contacts of relay L ground conductor 12 as an indication that one frequency was received in error.
If upon the depression of key I, 2, 3 or 4, in the above examples, four frequencies are, through some fault, transmitted over line T operating four of the relays AE, for example, relays B-E, relay J operates over a circuit extending from battery through the winding of said relay. conductor 68,
No. 6 back contacts of relay A, No. 5 front contacts of relay B, No. 4 front contacts of relay C, No. 3 front contacts of relay D, and No. 2 front contacts of relay E to ground, its no 2 contacts supplying ground to the reorder circuit RE, to send a reorder signal. The No. 1 contacts of relay J ground conductor II as an indication that four frequencies were received in error. Relay J is made slow to operate in order that a reordersignal will not be produced by a momentary false operation of four of the relays A-E. In each case, restoration of key KP releases relays A 13. opening the circuit of and releasing relay L or relay J.
-- The above examples show how the number 1234" may be transmitted and received in two ways, the grounding of conductor '0 or conductor ll indicating. at the receiving end, the way in which said number was transmitted. Said conductors may be connected to suitable indicating or other devices to utilize said indication, for example, to distinguish between the numbers of coin and of non-coin telephone lines. Having received in indication in connection with the first digit of the manner in which the number is being transmitted, a reorder signal is given if any subsequent digit is, through some fault, represented by a wrong number of frequencies in combination. It is obvious, from the above examples, that any other number of four digits may be similarly transmitted and received and, by extension or contraction of the circuits shown, numbers of more or less than four digits may be similarly transmitted and received.
What is claimed is:
1. In a signaling system, in combination, sources of diflerent electrical frequencies, means for sending a signal composed of a number of said frequencies, means for sending a signal composed of a different number of said frequencies, and a receiver responsive to all of the frequencies in each of said signals to register the same indication for each of said signals.
2. In a signaling system, in combination, sources of different electrical frequencies, means for sending signals composed of combinations of said frequencies in a plurality of diflerent codes, and a receiver comprising means for receiving said signals, means responsive to all of the frequencies in each of said signals to register the same indication for two of said signals sent in different codes, and means for indicating the code in which each of said signals is sent.
3. In a signaling system, in combination with sources of different electrical frequencies, means for sending a signal composed of two of said frquencies, means for sending a signal composedof three of said frequencies, and a receiver re-- sponsive to all of the frequencies in each of said signals .to register the same indication for each of said signals.
4. In a signaling system, in combination with sources of different electrical frequencies, means for sending a signal composed of two ofsaid frequencies, means for sending a signal composed of three of said frequencies, and a receiver comprising means for receiving said signals, means responsive to all the frequencies in each of said signals to register the same indication for each of said signals, and means for indicating the number of frequencies included in each of said signals.
5. In a signaling system, in combination with sources of different electrical frequencies, means for sending a first signal composed of either one number or another number of said frequencies, means for sending subsequent signals each composed of a number of said frequencies, means for receiving said signals, and means for indicating any of said subsequent signals composed of a number of frequencies different from the number of frequencies composing said first signal.
6. In a signaling system, in combination with sources of different electrical frequencies, means for sending a first signal composed of either two or three of said frequencies, means for sending subsequent signals each composed of a number of said frequencies, means for receiving said sig nals, and means for indicating any of said subsequent signals composed of other than the number of said frequencies in said first signal.
7. In a signaling system, in combination with sources of different electrical frequencies, means for sending a signal composed of a number of said frequencies, means for sending a signa1 composed of a different number of said frequencies, and a receiver responsive to all of the frequencies in each of said signals to register the same indication for each of said signals and to indicate the number of frequencies composing each of said signals.
8. In a signaling system, in combination with sources of different electrical frequencies, means for sending a signal composed of two of said frequencies, means for sending a signal composed of three of said frequencies, and a receiver responsive of all of the frequencies in each of said signals to register the same indication for each of said signals and to indicate the number of frequencies composing each of said Signals.
9. In a signaling system, in combination with sources of five different electrical frequencies, means for sending a signal composed of two of 10 said frequencies, means for sending a signal composed of the other three of said frequencies, and a receiver responsive to all of the frequencies in each of said signals to register the same indication for each of said signals.
10. In a signaling system, in combination with sources of five different electrical frequencies, means for sending a signal composed of two of said frequencies, means for sending a signal composed of the other three of said frequencies, and a receiver responsive to all of the frequencies in each of said signals to register the same indication for each of said signals and to indicate the number of frequencies composing each of said si nals.
CHARLES CLOS.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number 2,332,912 Hecht Oct. 26, 1943 Rhodes July 2, 1940-
US776061A 1947-09-25 1947-09-25 Multifrequency signaling system Expired - Lifetime US2470145A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US776061A US2470145A (en) 1947-09-25 1947-09-25 Multifrequency signaling system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US776061A US2470145A (en) 1947-09-25 1947-09-25 Multifrequency signaling system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2470145A true US2470145A (en) 1949-05-17

Family

ID=25106346

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US776061A Expired - Lifetime US2470145A (en) 1947-09-25 1947-09-25 Multifrequency signaling system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2470145A (en)

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2626384A (en) * 1950-07-10 1953-01-20 Motorola Inc Selective signaling system
US2739298A (en) * 1953-01-07 1956-03-20 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Multifrequency high speed calling signal generator
US2995626A (en) * 1955-07-26 1961-08-08 Nederlanden Staat Frequency signal telecommunication system
US3011148A (en) * 1958-08-13 1961-11-28 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Check circuit for a registration system
US3015805A (en) * 1956-09-19 1962-01-02 Int Standard Electric Corp Circuit arrangement for encoding devices
US3035250A (en) * 1956-08-13 1962-05-15 Bell & Gossett Co Selective calling system
US3102253A (en) * 1958-07-02 1963-08-27 Commercial Controls Corp Coded-information translating system
US3131259A (en) * 1958-11-03 1964-04-28 Western Electric Co Systems and methods for processing data over telephone networks
US3140358A (en) * 1958-09-03 1964-07-07 Int Standard Electric Corp Electrical signalling system
US3140356A (en) * 1959-06-23 1964-07-07 Siemens Ag Communication system employing frequency selection operations
US3184716A (en) * 1961-04-20 1965-05-18 Bendix Corp Guarded tone signalling
US3278933A (en) * 1963-05-08 1966-10-11 Philips Corp Identification system
US3284627A (en) * 1962-09-05 1966-11-08 Gen Signal Corp Vehicle control system
US3332062A (en) * 1963-06-05 1967-07-18 Nippon Electric Company Inc Multiple frequency selecting signal storage control circuit
US3335402A (en) * 1963-04-11 1967-08-08 Clare & Co C P Code checking circuit

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1834649A (en) * 1931-01-02 1931-12-01 Reserve Holding Co Telephone system
US1859885A (en) * 1930-02-24 1932-05-24 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Telephone system
US2024012A (en) * 1929-09-19 1935-12-10 Teletype Corp Selective control system and apparatus
US2075228A (en) * 1931-07-10 1937-03-30 Associated Electric Lab Inc Stock-quotation system
US2192242A (en) * 1930-06-18 1940-03-05 Associated Electric Lab Inc Stock quotation system
US2206538A (en) * 1938-09-24 1940-07-02 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Telephone system
US2332912A (en) * 1942-05-01 1943-10-26 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Telephone system

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2024012A (en) * 1929-09-19 1935-12-10 Teletype Corp Selective control system and apparatus
US1859885A (en) * 1930-02-24 1932-05-24 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Telephone system
US2192242A (en) * 1930-06-18 1940-03-05 Associated Electric Lab Inc Stock quotation system
US1834649A (en) * 1931-01-02 1931-12-01 Reserve Holding Co Telephone system
US2075228A (en) * 1931-07-10 1937-03-30 Associated Electric Lab Inc Stock-quotation system
US2206538A (en) * 1938-09-24 1940-07-02 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Telephone system
US2332912A (en) * 1942-05-01 1943-10-26 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Telephone system

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2626384A (en) * 1950-07-10 1953-01-20 Motorola Inc Selective signaling system
US2739298A (en) * 1953-01-07 1956-03-20 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Multifrequency high speed calling signal generator
US2995626A (en) * 1955-07-26 1961-08-08 Nederlanden Staat Frequency signal telecommunication system
US3035250A (en) * 1956-08-13 1962-05-15 Bell & Gossett Co Selective calling system
US3015805A (en) * 1956-09-19 1962-01-02 Int Standard Electric Corp Circuit arrangement for encoding devices
US3102253A (en) * 1958-07-02 1963-08-27 Commercial Controls Corp Coded-information translating system
US3011148A (en) * 1958-08-13 1961-11-28 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Check circuit for a registration system
US3140358A (en) * 1958-09-03 1964-07-07 Int Standard Electric Corp Electrical signalling system
US3131259A (en) * 1958-11-03 1964-04-28 Western Electric Co Systems and methods for processing data over telephone networks
US3359369A (en) * 1958-11-03 1967-12-19 Western Electric Co Systems for processing data over telephone networks
US3140356A (en) * 1959-06-23 1964-07-07 Siemens Ag Communication system employing frequency selection operations
US3184716A (en) * 1961-04-20 1965-05-18 Bendix Corp Guarded tone signalling
US3284627A (en) * 1962-09-05 1966-11-08 Gen Signal Corp Vehicle control system
US3335402A (en) * 1963-04-11 1967-08-08 Clare & Co C P Code checking circuit
US3278933A (en) * 1963-05-08 1966-10-11 Philips Corp Identification system
US3332062A (en) * 1963-06-05 1967-07-18 Nippon Electric Company Inc Multiple frequency selecting signal storage control circuit

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2470145A (en) Multifrequency signaling system
US2325829A (en) Signaling system
US1498544A (en) Electrical selective system
US2244500A (en) Telephone system
US2317191A (en) Telephone system
US2172579A (en) Key sender
US2677011A (en) Teletypewriter message identification system
US2091116A (en) Automatic telephone system
US3436486A (en) Error detection system
US2503000A (en) Carrier telegraphy
US2971085A (en) Selective signaling radiotelephone system
US2529471A (en) Marking arrangement for final selector switches
US2299821A (en) Signaling system
US1559251A (en) Private-branch exchange sender circuit
US2727092A (en) Transverter
US2425820A (en) Selective system
US1575326A (en) Registering mechanism
US2384336A (en) Signaling system
US1859476A (en) Semiautomatic telephone system
US1374221A (en) Composite
US2269361A (en) Code calling system
US1528806A (en) Telephone-exchange system
US1540849A (en) Signal-storing arrangement
US1859475A (en) Call indicator system
US2472608A (en) Means and method for switching of telegraph messages