US2466312A - Transparent disk clock - Google Patents

Transparent disk clock Download PDF

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Publication number
US2466312A
US2466312A US57507745A US2466312A US 2466312 A US2466312 A US 2466312A US 57507745 A US57507745 A US 57507745A US 2466312 A US2466312 A US 2466312A
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Prior art keywords
gear
teeth
disc
hour
clock
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Expired - Lifetime
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Ralph M Heintz
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Jack & Heintz Prec Ind Inc
Jack & Heintz Precision Industries Inc
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Jack & Heintz Prec Ind Inc
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04BMECHANICALLY-DRIVEN CLOCKS OR WATCHES; MECHANICAL PARTS OF CLOCKS OR WATCHES IN GENERAL; TIME PIECES USING THE POSITION OF THE SUN, MOON OR STARS
    • G04B45/00Time pieces of which the indicating means or cases provoke special effects, e.g. aesthetic effects
    • G04B45/04Time pieces with invisible drive, e.g. with hands attached to a rotating glass disc

Description

Ap 5, 1949. R. M. HElNTZ TRANSPARENT DISK CLOCK 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Jan. 26, 1945 INVEN TOR. RALPH M. HE/NTZ ATTORNEY I Ap 5, 1949. R. M. HEINTZ TRANSPARENT DISK CLOCK 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Jan. 26, 1945 INVENTOR. RALPH M. HEINTZ ATTORNEY Patented Apr. 5, 1949 TRANSPARENT DISK CLOCK Ralph M. Heintz, Cleveland, Ohio, assignor, by mesne assignments, to Jack & Heintz Precision Industries, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, a corporation of Delaware Application January 29, 1945, Serial No. 575,077

1 Claim. 1

This invention relates in general to clocks and more particularly to electric clocks and has for one of its primary objects to provide an improved self-contained clockwork mechanism and an electric motor, the driving mechanism comprising two gear trains, one to drive a minute disc and the other an hour disc, the minute and hour discs to be of transparent material and of the same size and containing merely a minute and an hour hand respectively while the clock indicia are contained on a third transparent equal sized disc, the three discs to be removably placed to rest on gears extending outwardly from the clockwork casing with one driving gear for the hour disc, one for the minute disc and two freely mounted idler gears for supporting the indicia disc.

With the foregoing and other objects in view the invention resides in the combination of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter set forth in the following specification and appended claim, certain embodiments thereof being illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a view in front elevation of the clock including the discs and the clockwork casing, the clockwork gear trains being shown in dotted lines;

Figure 2 is a top plan view of the clock with the discs in mesh with the exteriorly extending gears; and

Figure 3 is a view in cross section of the electric motor casing and the gear trains.

Referring more particularly to the drawings,

the casing I has a bottom lid 2 removably secured by screw bolts 3 for containing the clock work mechanism anchored to the two plates 4 and 5. Mounted to rotate about a pin 6 extending through the casing are three parallel spaced gears I, 8 and 9 and about a similar pin H] are rotatably mounted three parallel spaced gears ll, l2 and I3.

Gears 9 and I3 are both freely rotatable about pins 6 and I and are disassociated from the clockwork gear train. Removably placed to rest on gears 9 and I3 is a peripherally toothed transparent disc M which teeth mesh with gears I3 and 9 and which is provided with the hour indicia of a clock. In front of disc i4 is another peripherally toothed disc l removably placed to rest with its peripheral teeth meshing with gears 8 and I2. The disc l5 carries an hour hand l6. Gear I2 is a freely rotating gear but gear 8 is driven by the clockwork gear train. In front of disc I5 is another transparent disc l1 carrying a minute hand It and peripherally toothed to mesh with gears l and l l as the disc I! is removably placed to rest on gears 1 and H. Gear 1 is freely rotatably mounted on pin 6 but gear II is driven by the clockwork gear train.

The rime mover for the clockwork mechanism may be electric and may comprise an electric motor in a housing I9 connected by an electric lead 2!] to the usual electric outlet. This electric motor has a driving shaft 2| carrying a gear 22 that has 12 teeth. Gear 22 makes one revolution per minute and its 12 teeth which mesh with a larger ring gear 23 carried by a free stud shaft 24. Gear 23 has teeth and is rotated 12 teeth or /5 revolution per minute. Stud shaft 24 rigidly carries a smaller ring gear 25 that has ten teeth which mesh with a larger ring gear 26 having forty teeth. Gear 25 makes revolution or two teeth per minute and gear 26 makes /20 revolution or two teeth per minute. Gear 26 meshes with ring gear II which, having forty teeth, rotates /20 revolution, or two teeth per minute. Gear ll meshes with the geared minute disc I! to rotate the latter in a clockwise direction. Disc I! has one hundred and twenty teeth and is rotated by gear II at a rate of /60 revolution or two teeth per minute, or 2 out of 360 per one revolution of the motor shaft 2|.

The gear 22 carried by the motor shaft 2| also meshes with a larger gear 21 having sixty teeth and freely carried by a shaft 28. Rigid with shaft 28 is a smaller gear 29 having twelve teeth which meshes with a larger gear 30 having seventy-two teeth and freely carried by a shaft 3|. Rigid with shaft 3| is a smaller gear 32 having twenty-four teeth and meshing with a larger gear 33 having seventy-two teeth and freely mounted on a shaft 34. Rigid with shaft 34 is a smaller gear 35 having fifteen teeth and meshing with a larger gear 36 freely carried by a shaft 31. Gear 36 has forty teeth and meshes with gear 8 having ten teeth and meshing with the teeth of the hour disc I5 carrying the hour hand IS in a clockwise direction /12 of the speed of rotation of the minute hand disc [1.

In other words, the hour disc l5, having one hundred and twenty teeth rotates in one hour ,4 revolution, or ten teeth, or 30 out of 360. Gear 8, having ten teeth rotates A revolution or ten teeth per hour. Gear 36, having forty teeth, rotates revolution or ten teeth per hour. Gear 35, having fifteen teeth, rotates revolution or ten teeth per hour. Gear 33 has seventy-two teeth and rotates revolution or forty-eight teeth per hour. Gear 32 has twenty-four teeth and rotates two revolutions or forty-eight teeth per hour. Gear 30 has seventy-two teeth and rotates two revolutions or one hundred forty-four teeth per hour. Gear 29 has twelve teeth and rotates twelve revolutions or one hundred fortyfour per hour. Gear 21 has sixty teeth and rotates twelve revolutions or seven hundred and twenty teeth per hour as gear 22 on the motor shaft rotates seven hundred and twenty teeth or sixty times per hour, or one revolution per minute, to carry the hour hand IS in a clockwise direction at a. rate of /12 that of the speed of rotation of the minute hand disc I1. The numeral 3! represents a light switch lever for turning on and off a suitable source of electrical illumination for the three clock discs.

From the foregoing it will be seen that there has been provided a clock having a unitary selfcontained electrically driven clockwork gear train mechanism easily accessible for inspection and repair. Moreover, the clock face and the minute and hour discs are readily removable from and replaceable on the driving gear train of the clockwork mechanism without any disturbance to the clockwork mechanism.

I claim:

In combination in a clock, a casing, a clockwork said casing, a peripherally toothed transparent disc carrying minute hand indicia and removably placed to rest upon and in mesh with one of said driving gears, a second peripherally toothed transparent disc spaced from and parallel with said first disc and carrying hour hand indicia and meshing with and driven by said other driving gear, a pair of laterally spaced idler gears extending externally of said casing and meshing with and supporting said hour hand disc and said minute hand disc, a third peripherally toothed transparent disc having indicia constituting a clock dial and spaced from and parallel with the other two discs and meshing with said idler gears, gear trains driven by said driving shaft to drive the driving gear for driving said minute hand disc at a twelve to one ratio to said hour hand disc.

RALPH M. HEINTZ.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 704,446 Durkee July 8, 1902 1,822,195 Baumgarten Sept. 8, 1931 2,009,210 Scantlebury July 23, 1935 2,153,004 Rodanet Apr. 4, 1939 2,362,754 Johnson Nov. 14, 1944

US2466312A 1945-01-29 1945-01-29 Transparent disk clock Expired - Lifetime US2466312A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2643506A (en) * 1950-03-29 1953-06-30 Jaeger Ets Ed Clock
US3248866A (en) * 1963-12-10 1966-05-03 Univ Minnesota Inst Of Technol Astronomical clock
US4367050A (en) * 1978-09-21 1983-01-04 Ebauches S.A. Very thin electromechanical watch
US5608694A (en) * 1994-05-07 1997-03-04 Omega S.A. Mechanical timepiece provided with a tourbillon
US5878003A (en) * 1995-09-18 1999-03-02 Van Cleef & Arpels Mystery clock
US6367965B1 (en) * 1998-04-09 2002-04-09 Taiyu Kiu Indicating device for various types of rotation escape regulator
US20050047280A1 (en) * 2003-08-25 2005-03-03 Dierenbach Karl Allen Clocks with unique time displays which are interpreted by the use of traditional clock interpretation means
US20080084793A1 (en) * 2006-10-06 2008-04-10 Robert Alain Greubel Tourbillion-type timepiece movement
US20100165800A1 (en) * 2008-12-29 2010-07-01 Karl Allen Dierenbach Apparatus with driven rings for the display of time
US8879366B2 (en) 2012-03-13 2014-11-04 Karl Allen Dierenbach Clocks with uniquely driven elements which are interpreted by the use of traditional clock interpretation methods
US20140347963A1 (en) * 2011-12-16 2014-11-27 Ali & Co Genèva SA Reversible Mystery Watch

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US704446A (en) * 1901-09-26 1902-07-08 Ulric Blatter Watch-dial illuminator.
US1822195A (en) * 1927-08-08 1931-09-08 Baga G M B H Clock
US2009210A (en) * 1932-03-10 1935-07-23 Francis H Scantlebury Illuminated measuring device
US2153004A (en) * 1936-06-18 1939-04-04 Jaeger Ets Ed Clock, so-called mysterious small clock
US2362754A (en) * 1944-01-04 1944-11-14 United States Time Corp Device for projecting moving time indications

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US704446A (en) * 1901-09-26 1902-07-08 Ulric Blatter Watch-dial illuminator.
US1822195A (en) * 1927-08-08 1931-09-08 Baga G M B H Clock
US2009210A (en) * 1932-03-10 1935-07-23 Francis H Scantlebury Illuminated measuring device
US2153004A (en) * 1936-06-18 1939-04-04 Jaeger Ets Ed Clock, so-called mysterious small clock
US2362754A (en) * 1944-01-04 1944-11-14 United States Time Corp Device for projecting moving time indications

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2643506A (en) * 1950-03-29 1953-06-30 Jaeger Ets Ed Clock
US3248866A (en) * 1963-12-10 1966-05-03 Univ Minnesota Inst Of Technol Astronomical clock
US4367050A (en) * 1978-09-21 1983-01-04 Ebauches S.A. Very thin electromechanical watch
US5608694A (en) * 1994-05-07 1997-03-04 Omega S.A. Mechanical timepiece provided with a tourbillon
US5878003A (en) * 1995-09-18 1999-03-02 Van Cleef & Arpels Mystery clock
US6367965B1 (en) * 1998-04-09 2002-04-09 Taiyu Kiu Indicating device for various types of rotation escape regulator
US20060171260A1 (en) * 2003-08-25 2006-08-03 Dierenbach Karl A Apparatus with driven rings for the display of time
US20050047280A1 (en) * 2003-08-25 2005-03-03 Dierenbach Karl Allen Clocks with unique time displays which are interpreted by the use of traditional clock interpretation means
US7061833B2 (en) * 2003-08-25 2006-06-13 Karl Allen Dierenbach Clocks with unique time displays which are interpreted by the use of traditional clock interpretation means
US20080084793A1 (en) * 2006-10-06 2008-04-10 Robert Alain Greubel Tourbillion-type timepiece movement
US7568831B2 (en) 2006-10-06 2009-08-04 Tiffany & Co. Watch Center Ag Tourbillion-type timepiece movement
US20100165800A1 (en) * 2008-12-29 2010-07-01 Karl Allen Dierenbach Apparatus with driven rings for the display of time
US20140347963A1 (en) * 2011-12-16 2014-11-27 Ali & Co Genèva SA Reversible Mystery Watch
US8879366B2 (en) 2012-03-13 2014-11-04 Karl Allen Dierenbach Clocks with uniquely driven elements which are interpreted by the use of traditional clock interpretation methods

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