US245440A - Railway chair and fish-plate - Google Patents

Railway chair and fish-plate Download PDF

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US245440A
US245440A US245440DA US245440A US 245440 A US245440 A US 245440A US 245440D A US245440D A US 245440DA US 245440 A US245440 A US 245440A
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plate
fish
chair
railway
rails
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B3/00Transverse or longitudinal sleepers; Other means resting directly on the ballastway for supporting rails
    • E01B3/16Transverse or longitudinal sleepers; Other means resting directly on the ballastway for supporting rails made from steel
    • E01B3/24Slabs; Blocks; Pot sleepers; Fastening tie-rods to them

Description

(No Model.)

2 Sheets-Sheet 1.

T'. BREEN.

RAILWAY CHAIR AND FISH PLATE.

Patented Aug. 9, 1881'.

IN VENTOR $47.

attorneys N. PETERS, Phalo-limn m ner, Washington 11.0.

(No Model.) I 2 Sheets-Sheet 2.

T. BREEN.

RAILWAY CHAIR AND FISH PLATE.

N0. Z45,440 Patented Aug. 9,1881.

l' vy'i By flttorneys N. PE'IERS, PhowLflhogmphcr. Wnihinglow. u. c.

PATENT rates.

THOMAS BBEEN, ()F KNOWLTON, PENNSYLVANIA.

RAILWAY CHAIR AND FISH-PLATE.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 245,440, dated August 9, 1881.

Application filed May 27, 1881. (No model.)

erence marked thereon, which form a part of this specification, and in which- Figure 1 is an elevation of my improvement in railways. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the same. Fig. 3 is a side elevation thereof. Figs. 4 and 5 are sections taken, respectively, on the lines y y and av .00 of Fig. 2; and Fig. 5 is a detail view thereof.

This invention contemplates improvements in railways, having reference more particularly to the construction of the chair and the fishplate, its object being, among other things, es-

pecially to dispense with nuts, and consequently locking mechanism therefor, to transfer the weight of the passinglocomotive and train from the rail feet or web to the solid bed below, to prevent the tendency of the locomotive or car wheel distorting the line of the rails or push ing one rail more or less out of line with its fellow adjoining rail,.and to facilitate the removal or replacing of a rail; and it consists in the details of construction and arrangement of the parts substantially as hereinafter more fully set forth and claimed.

Referring to the accompanying drawings, A

A are the rails, constructed in the usual T form and resting upon the ties B.

O O are the cast-metal chairs, which are adapted to be bolted or anchored in position, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2. One or both of the chairs are grooved, as at a, to receive the end of the tie B, it, with the fish-plate D, being secured in position by the right-angled curved bolts 1), the upper horizontal portions of the bolts 1) clamping the base of the fish-plate down upon the foot of the rail, as clearly seen in Fig. 5. The bolt 1) screws down into the chair (3. Upon the opposite side of the rails is a peculiarly-constructed fish-plate E. Upon the under side of the fish-plate E is a cleat or downwardly-projecting shoulder, c, which sets in an upward extension, to, of the groove a, preferably upon the tie. Both the groove to and the side edge of the cleat or shoulder care beveled, as at c, Fig. 5, to permit the fish-plate to be readily slid or slipped into the groove and inserted at the same time under the top or tread of the rail. The upper side of the fish-plate has a perpendicular plate or elevation, E,

strengthened near its ends by bracing-plates e, and reaching up about in a plane flush with the top surface of the fails, as clearly seen in Figs. 1 and 5.

The bottom of the fish-plate rests upon the bolted or anchored chair, while its upper surface, flush with the same surface of the rails, covers the joint on one side between the rails, and thus serves a twofold purpose: first, to prevent the distorting of the rails out of line with each other by the action of the flanges of the locomotive or train wheels, which would tend to throw it from the track; and, secondly, to transfer the weight of the passing locomotive or train from the comparatively slender surface of the rail feet or web to the solid foundation upon which the fish-plate stands below.

The inner side of the fish-plate E has a shoul der,f, preferably cast hollow, as seen in Figs. 1 and 5, which fits under the top and against the sides of the rails, breakingjoint with their meeting ends. The bolts g, inserted through and fastening the fish-plate I) on the opposite sideagain st the rails, pass and screw into screwthreaded apertures in both the shoulderf and the fish-plate E itself, thus entirely dispensing with nuts, and consequently locking mechanisn1 therefor.

It will have been noticed that at every point offastening, in carrying out my invention, nuts have been omitted, they not being required, which is a great desideratnm, especially in constructing railways. It will be further noticed that the intermediate space between the shoulder f and the fish-plate E itself exposes the screw-threaded portions of the bolts 9 to the corroding action of the weather or atmosphere, and thus serves to lock the bolt as againstits possible or accidental turning.

In the base of the fish-plate E is an elongated aperture or slot, h, which meets an aperture,

f from, and permit of the ready removal of, the

the rails. By this adjustment of the fish-plate E a substitute rail can be as readily inserted or the same rail be replaced.

Among other and numerous advantages attained by this method ot'constructing improvements in railway chairs and fish-plates, which comprises the elevation of the track above the ordinary plane of railroad-tracks, is that such elevation will wholly obviate the necessity for the removal of snow or admit the removal of a much less amount of snow after snow-storms than heretofore. Besides, unless the fall of snow exceeds a depth of about nine inches, the employment of snow-plows will then be unnecessary.

Another advantage is due to the fact that its peculiar construction-chiefly that of the cross-ties-debars pedestrians and cattle from walking within the limits of the track, and will thereby prevent accidents resulting in loss of life and property.

Having thus fully described my invention, I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. In a railway-fastening, the combination, with the fish-plate D, of the screw-threaded bolt b, having the curved right-angled head, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

2. In a railway-fastening, the combination, with the chair (3, having the groove or depression a, of the fish-plate E, having the shoulder 0 upon its under side, the elongated slot h through its base, and the vertical partE, having the aperture h and the bolt i, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

3. In a railway-fastening, the combination, with the rail A and the fish-plate D, having the bolts 9, of the fish-plate E, having the hollow shoulderf, provided, both it and the plate itself, with screw-threaded apertures, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.

4. In a railway-fastening, the combination of the chair 0, having the groove or seat a a, tie B, rails A, bolts 1) i g, fish plate 1), and plate E, having the shoulder 0 upon its under side, the elongated slot h through it, the vertical portion E, having the aperture It, and the hollow shoulderf, having the threaded apertures for the bolts g, substantially as and for the purpose specified.

In testimony whereof I atlix my signature in presence of two witnesses.

THOMAS BREEN.

Witnesses:

GEO. R. HERRIOK, J AS. BAXTER.

US245440A Railway chair and fish-plate Expired - Lifetime US245440A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080274766A1 (en) * 2007-04-13 2008-11-06 Hart Communication Foundation Combined Wired and Wireless Communications with Field Devices in a Process Control Environment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080274766A1 (en) * 2007-04-13 2008-11-06 Hart Communication Foundation Combined Wired and Wireless Communications with Field Devices in a Process Control Environment
US20090052429A1 (en) * 2007-04-13 2009-02-26 Hart Communication Foundation Synchronizing Timeslots in a Wireless Communication Protocol

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