US2452051A - Relay system - Google Patents

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US2452051A
US2452051A US582892A US58289345A US2452051A US 2452051 A US2452051 A US 2452051A US 582892 A US582892 A US 582892A US 58289345 A US58289345 A US 58289345A US 2452051 A US2452051 A US 2452051A
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relay
relays
chain
operated
control contacts
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US582892A
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Ralph E Hersey
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AT&T Corp
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Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03KPULSE TECHNIQUE
    • H03K23/00Pulse counters comprising counting chains; Frequency dividers comprising counting chains
    • H03K23/74Pulse counters comprising counting chains; Frequency dividers comprising counting chains using relays

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  • This invention relates to relay systems and particularly to systems comprising a chain' of relays arranged for successive operationas counting or selective switching means.
  • Objects of the invention are to minimize the number of relays required to effect desired counting and switching operations responsive to a varying number of control operations and to otherwise simplify and improve counting relay operations.
  • This invention is a counting relay arrangement comprising two chains of counting relays for counting a varying number of control operations.
  • the relays of the first chain being operated in succession, one by each-control operation and the relays of the second chain being operated in succession, one by each control operation which effects the operation of the last relay in said first chain, the first relay oi the first chain being reoperated responsive to the next control operation following operation of the last relay of the first chain and therrelease of each relaybeing e'fiected following operation of the next succeeding relay whereby the particular relays operated in-said first and second chains indicate the number of control operations which have been counted,
  • the operating circuit for each of a closed chain of counting relays includes control contacts common to the counting relays, a front contact of the first preceding counting relay and a back contact cfthe second preceding counting relay oi the closed chain. and each the counting relays is locked operated after the succeeding relay is operated by the closure of the control contacts until the operating circuit of the next succeeding relay is opened by the control contacts.
  • the counting relays arearranged in two decimal chains, the first of said chains being arranged to operate as a closed chain wherein each relay is again connected for reoperation after all of the other relays in said chain have been operated and one of the relays of thesecond chain is operated each time the last relay of said first chain is operated.
  • the counting relays are arranged in a plurality of chains, the first chain being arranged to operate as a closed arranged for operation in 12 Claims. ,(Cl. 177353) the invention will be further explained and described by considering the counting relay ar- 1;"
  • the drawing which consists of a single figure discloses units and tens chains of counting relays an automatic telephone system.
  • the telephone system may be similar to that disclosed in the patent to Carpenter 2,235,803, March 18, llltLin which it may be found desirable to count the number of times a call is routed to an operator due to a permanent signal condition.
  • the contact'lfl represents a contact of a permanent signal route relay in a decoder-marker of an ofllce of such a system; and, when it is desired that the permanent signal calls in such an office be counted, 9.
  • switching relay H or other switching device is operated to connect ground to start conductor it of the counting relay arrangement and to connect the control conductor I2 01' the counting relay arrangement toa contact iii of each of the permanent signal route relays in the omce;
  • the counting relay arrangement comprises ten units counting relays designated U0 to U9, inclusive, four tens counting relays designated T0 to Tfi and a start relay it. Another relay designated it is provided for closing a signaling or switching circuit when a desiredmrumber' of counting operations have been made.
  • ground is connected to conductor it to effect the operation of relays U0 and T0 thereby to prepare relays Ui and Ti for operation.
  • the circuit for operating relay U0 includes the lower winding of relay U0, upperback contact of relay ll, conductor I 3 and the lower front contact of relay ii.
  • the circuit for operating relay T0 includes the lower winding of relay Til, the lower back contact of relay it, conductor l3, and the lower front contact of relay ll.
  • Relay U0 looks through its lower winding and outer lower front contact and the lower back contact of relay UI to grounded conductor i3.
  • Relay T0 looks through its lower winding and outer lower front contact and the lower back contact of relay Ti to grounded conductor I 3.
  • relay U1 opens the locking circuit through the lower winding of relay U0 and closes a circuit for operating relay I4.
  • Relay It looks directly to conductor l3 and opens the circuits closed by the operation of relay II for energizing the lower windings of relays U0 and T0 whereby relays U0 and T0 were operated as above described to prepare the units and tens chains for counting.
  • relay U0 releases but relay U
  • relay U0 When ground is again connected to conductor l2 after operation of relay U9 and release of relay U8, relay U0 is operated by the energlzati on of its upper winding and at the same time relay TI is operated by the energization of its upper winding.
  • the circuit for operating relay U0 includes the middle upper front contact of relay U9, the upper back contact of relay U8 and conductor l2; and the circuit for operating relay TI.
  • the tens relays are successively operated to count the number of cycles of operations of the units relays whereby the particular units and tens relays which are operated at any time indicate the number of times ground has been connected to and disconnected from conductor
  • this operation may be the' transmission of a permanent signal alarm when a certain number of permanent signal calls have occurred.
  • the winding oi relay I5 is connected to the upper armature spring of each of the .tens relays; the upper outer front contact of each of these relays is'connected to a terminal 22 arranged for strapping to a terminal 2
  • relay I5 is operated when 20 permanent signal calls have been registered as indicated by the operation of relays U0 and T2, terminal 22.associated with relay T2 being connected by conductor 23 to the associated terminal 2
  • relay l5 locks to conductor l3.
  • the counting arrangement shown in the drawing can register a total of 39 operations. It is of course apparent that the tens chain may also include ten relays; or, if the decimal system is not necessary, that each of the two chains may consist of any desired number of relays. Furthermore, additional chains may be added, for instance hundreds and thousands chains. Although each of the tens and units relays is shown as having contacts actuated in a predetermined sequence, this isnot necessary and the contact springs may be arranged for simultaneous or any order of actuation.
  • each of the relays may be provided with additional contacts for effecting desired selective operations.
  • a chain of counting relays control contacts common to said relays, operating circuits, one for each of said relays, each of said operating circuits being closed in succession by successive closures of said control contacts, each of said operating circuits comprising said control contacts, a front contact of the next preceding one of said relays and a back contact of the second preceding one of said relays, each operating circuit being initially opened by the next opening of said control contacts following closure of the operating circuit means independent of said control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the opening of its operating circuit by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay is operated, and means including said control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the operation of the next succeeding relay until the operating circuit 0 the next succeeding relay is opened.
  • a chain of counting relays control contacts common to said relays, operating circuits, one for each of said relays, each of said means independent of said control contacts for operating one of said relays thereby to prepare the succeeding one of said relays for operation responsive to the next succeeding closure of said control contacts.
  • each of said operating circuits comprising said control'contacts, a front contact of the next preceding one of said relays and a back contact of the second preceding one of said relays.
  • cach operating circuit being initially opened by the next opening of said control contacts following closure of the operating circuit means independent of said control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the opening of its operating circuit by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay is operated, and means includingsaid control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the operation of the next succeeding relay until the. operating circuit. of the next succeeding relay is opened:
  • a chain oi counting relays control contacts common to said relays, operating circuits, one for each oi said relays, each of said operating circuits being closed in succession by successive closures of ,said control contacts, each operating circuit being initially opened by the next opening oi said control contacts following closure of the operating circuit means independent of said control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the opening of its operating circuit by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay is operated, and means including said control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the operation of Z relays operated after the opening of its operating circuit by, said controlcontacts until the next the next succeeding relay until the operating I circuit of the next succeeding relay is opened.
  • a chain of counting relays control contacts common to said relays, operating circuits, one for each of said relays. each of said operating circuits being closed in succession by successive closures of said control contacts, each of said operating circuits comprising said control contacts, a iront contact of the next preceding one of said relays and a back contact of the second preceding one of said relays, each operating circuit being initially opened by the next opening of said control contacts following closure oi the operating circuit means for holdsucceeding relay is operated, and means includ- ⁇ ing said control contacts for holding eachof said relays operated after the operation of the next succeeding relay until the operating circuit of the next succeeding relay is opened.
  • first and second chains of counting relays In combination, first and second chains of counting relays. a single set of control contacts for controllihg the relay in both chains, operating circuits, one for each 6! said relays, each of said operating circuits for relays in the first chain being closed in succession by successive closures of said control contacts,'means independent of said control contacts for operating one of said relays in each chain thereby to prepare the suc-.-
  • each of said operating circuits for relays in both chains comprising said control contacts
  • each of the operating circuits of said second chain further comprising a front contact of a particular one of therelays of the first chain and a back contact of the next preceding one of the relays of the first chain, means independent of said control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the,
  • first and second chains of counting relays In combination, first and second chains of counting relays, a single set of control contacts for controlling. the relays in both chains, op-
  • each of said operating circuits for relays in bothchains com prising said control contacts, a front contact of ing each of said relays. operated after the opening of its operating circuit by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay is operated, and means including said control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the operation oi the next succeeding relay until the operating circuit of the-"next succeeding relay is opened.
  • ilrst and second chains of counting relays a single set oi control contacts for controlling the relays in both chains,'operating circuits, one for eachof said relays, each of said operating circuits for relays in the first, chain being closed in succession by successive closures of said control contacts, each cisaid operating circuits for relays in both chains com.- prising said control contacts, a front contact of the next preceding one of said relays, and a back contact of the second preceding one of said relays, each of the operating circuits of said second chain further comprising a iront contact oi a particular one of the relays oi. the first chain and a back contact of the.
  • next preceding one of the relays of the first chain means independent of said control contacts for holding each of said the next preceding one of said relays and a bacls contact of the second preceding one of said relays, each of the operating circuits of said second chain further comprising a. front contact of a particular one of the relays .of the flrst chain and a back contact of the next preceding one oi the relays of the first chain, means for holding each of said relays operated after the opening of its operating circuit by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay is operated, and means including said control contacts for'holding each of said relaysoperated after the operation of the next succeeding relay until the operating circuit of the next succeeding relayis opened.
  • each relay having two windings, intermittently closed control contacts common to said relays, operating circuits, one for each of said relays, said operating circuits being closed one at a time ,by successive closures of said control contacts, each oi said operating circuits including in series said control contacts, a back contact of the second preceding one of the relays in said'chain.
  • said operating circuits being closed one at a time by successive closures of saidrcontrol contact's, each of said operating circuits including in series .said control contacts, a bacfcontactofthesecond preceding one of the relays in said chain, a front contact 0!
  • each of said operating circuits being closed one at-a time by successive closures of said control contacts, each of said operating circuits including in series said control contacts, a back contact oi the second preceding one of the relays in said chain, a front contact of the next preceding one of the relays in said chain and one winding of the relay which is being operated, each oi said operating circuits remaining closed until opened by said control contacts, an individual h lding circuit for each of said counting relays hich includes the other winding of the relay for holding the relay operatedafter its operating circuit is opened by said control contacts until-the next succeeding relay in the chain is operated.
  • Another individual holding'circuit for each of said counting relays which includes said control contacts and a front contact and said one winding of the relay for holding the relay operated after the operation of the next succeeding relay in the chain until the operating circuit of the next succeeding relay in the chain is opened by said control contacts, other means commontosaidchain-olrelays operative to close an initial. operating circuit through said other winding of a particular one of said relays and to connect said control contacts in operative asso-' ciation withsaid one winding of the next succeeding relay in the chain, and means rendered eflective by operation of the relay next succeeding said one relay for opening said initial operatin circuit for said one relay.
  • first and second chains of counting relays each relay having two windings, a single set of intermittently closed control contacts for controlling the relays in both chains, operating circuits, one for each" of said counting relays, the operating circuits for relays in the first chain being closed one at a time by successive closures of said control contacts, the operating circuit for each of the counting relays in both chains including in series said control contacts, a back contact of the second preceding one of the relays in the same chain, a front contact of the next preceding relay in the same chain and one winding of the relay which is being operated, each of the operating circuits for relays of the second chain further comprising a front contact of a particular one of the relays of the first chain and a back contact of the next preceding one of the relays of the first chain, each of the operating circuits for relays in both chains remaining closed until opened by said control contacts, an individual holding circuit for each of the counting relays in both.
  • first and second chains of counting relays each relay having two windings, a single set of intermittently closed control contacts for controlling the relays in both chains, operating circuits, one for each of said counting relays, the operating circuits for relays in the first chain being closed one at a time by successive closures of said control contacts, the operating circuit for each of the counting relays in both chains including in series said control contacts, a back contact of the second preceding one of the relays in the same chain, a front contact of the next preceding relay in the same chain and one winding of the relayswhich is being operated, each of the operating circultsfor'relays of the second chainefurther comprising a front contact of a particulafone of the relays of the relay operated after its operating circuit is opened by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay in the same chain is operated, another individual holding circuit for each of the relays in both of said chains which includes a fro'ntcontact and said one winding of each of said relays for holding the relay operatedafter the operation

Description

Oct 26, 1948.
R. E. HERSEY RELAY SYSTEM Filed March 15, 1945 lA/l ENTOR R. E. HERSEV ATTORNEY Patented Oct. 26, 1948 RELAY SYSTEM Ralph E. Hersey, Madison, N. J., assignor to Bell Telephone Laboratories, York, N. Y.', a corporation Incorporated, New of New York Application March 15, 1945, Serial No. 582,898
This invention relates to relay systems and particularly to systems comprising a chain' of relays arranged for successive operationas counting or selective switching means.
Objects of the invention are to minimize the number of relays required to effect desired counting and switching operations responsive to a varying number of control operations and to otherwise simplify and improve counting relay operations.
This invention is a counting relay arrangement comprising two chains of counting relays for counting a varying number of control operations. the relays of the first chain being operated in succession, one by each-control operation and the relays of the second chain being operated in succession, one by each control operation which effects the operation of the last relay in said first chain, the first relay oi the first chain being reoperated responsive to the next control operation following operation of the last relay of the first chain and therrelease of each relaybeing e'fiected following operation of the next succeeding relay whereby the particular relays operated in-said first and second chains indicate the number of control operations which have been counted,
According to one feature of the invention the operating circuit for each of a closed chain of counting relays includes control contacts common to the counting relays, a front contact of the first preceding counting relay and a back contact cfthe second preceding counting relay oi the closed chain. and each the counting relays is locked operated after the succeeding relay is operated by the closure of the control contacts until the operating circuit of the next succeeding relay is opened by the control contacts.
According to another feature the counting relays arearranged in two decimal chains, the first of said chains being arranged to operate as a closed chain wherein each relay is again connected for reoperation after all of the other relays in said chain have been operated and one of the relays of thesecond chain is operated each time the last relay of said first chain is operated. I
According to a further feature the counting relays are arranged in a plurality of chains, the first chain being arranged to operate as a closed arranged for operation in 12 Claims. ,(Cl. 177353) the invention will be further explained and described by considering the counting relay ar- 1;"
rangement shown schematically in the drawing of this specification.
The drawing which consists of a single figure discloses units and tens chains of counting relays an automatic telephone system. The telephone system may be similar to that disclosed in the patent to Carpenter 2,235,803, March 18, llltLin which it may be found desirable to count the number of times a call is routed to an operator due to a permanent signal condition. The contact'lfl represents a contact of a permanent signal route relay in a decoder-marker of an ofllce of such a system; and, when it is desired that the permanent signal calls in such an office be counted, 9. switching relay H or other switching device is operated to connect ground to start conductor it of the counting relay arrangement and to connect the control conductor I2 01' the counting relay arrangement toa contact iii of each of the permanent signal route relays in the omce;
The counting relay arrangement comprises ten units counting relays designated U0 to U9, inclusive, four tens counting relays designated T0 to Tfi and a start relay it. Another relay designated it is provided for closing a signaling or switching circuit when a desiredmrumber' of counting operations have been made. When the switching device it is operated, ground is connected to conductor it to effect the operation of relays U0 and T0 thereby to prepare relays Ui and Ti for operation. The circuit for operating relay U0 includes the lower winding of relay U0, upperback contact of relay ll, conductor I 3 and the lower front contact of relay ii., The circuit for operating relay T0 includes the lower winding of relay Til, the lower back contact of relay it, conductor l3, and the lower front contact of relay ll. Relay U0 looks through its lower winding and outer lower front contact and the lower back contact of relay UI to grounded conductor i3. Relay T0 looks through its lower winding and outer lower front contact and the lower back contact of relay Ti to grounded conductor I 3.
.conductor |2 after operation of After the counting relays ave been prepared for co ting by the operation of relays I I, U and T0, the operation of any permanent signal route relay in the ofllce connects ground to control conductor l2; and as soon as the route relay releases,"
ground is again disconnected from conductor l2. The first connection of ground to conductor l2 efiects the operation of relay U| and holds relay U0 operated independent of relay Ul. The circuit for operating relay Ul includes the'upper winding of relay U|, the middle upper front contact of relay U0, the upper back contact of relay U9, and conductor l2. The circuit for holding relay U0 includes the upper winding and inner upper front contact oi relay U0 and conductor l2. The operation of relay U1 opens the locking circuit through the lower winding of relay U0 and closes a circuit for operating relay I4. Relay It looks directly to conductor l3 and opens the circuits closed by the operation of relay II for energizing the lower windings of relays U0 and T0 whereby relays U0 and T0 were operated as above described to prepare the units and tens chains for counting. When ground is disconnected from relay Ul, relay U0 releases but relay U| is held operated by a locking circuit through its lower winding and outer lower front contact, the lower back contact of relay U2 and conductor l3.
The next, connection of ground to conductor |2 operatively energizes the upper winding of relay U2 and energizes the upper winding of relay UI to hold relay U| operated after relay U2 operates until ground is again disconnected from conductor l2. The operation of relay U2 opens the looking circuit through the lower winding of relay UI and closes a locking circuit through its own lower winding and front contact and a back contact of relay U3. When ground is disconnected from conductor |2 after the operation of relay U2, relay U| releases. Thus each time ground is connected to conductor |2, one of the units counting relays is operated, and, when ground is again disconnected, the preceding units counting relay is released to prepare a circuit for operating the next relay in the units chain.
When ground is again connected to conductor l2 after operation of relay U9 and release of relay U8, relay U0 is operated by the energlzati on of its upper winding and at the same time relay TI is operated by the energization of its upper winding. The circuit for operating relay U0 includes the middle upper front contact of relay U9, the upper back contact of relay U8 and conductor l2; and the circuit for operating relay TI.
includes the middle upper front contact of relay T0, the upper back contact of relay T3, conductor 24, outer and middle upper front contacts of re-- lay U9, upper back'contact of relay U8 and conductor l2. Relays U9 and T0 are held operated after relays U0 and TI operate until ground is again disconnected from conductor |2; and relays U0 and T| are then held operated by the energization of their lower windings in circuits including their locking contacts and back contacts oi relays vUl and T2, respectively. The
' counting operation of the units relays continues and when ground is connected to conductor l2 to effect the second counting operation of relay U0 it also effects the operation of relay T2. Thus.
the tens relays are successively operated to count the number of cycles of operations of the units relays whereby the particular units and tens relays which are operated at any time indicate the number of times ground has been connected to and disconnected from conductor |2. For instance, ii units relay 8 is operated and tens relay T0 is operated, the number of operations registcred by the counting relays is 8; or ii units relay U0 is operated and tens relay T2 is operated, the
system of the drawing this operation may be the' transmission of a permanent signal alarm when a certain number of permanent signal calls have occurred. To this end, the winding oi relay I5 is connected to the upper armature spring of each of the .tens relays; the upper outer front contact of each of these relays is'connected to a terminal 22 arranged for strapping to a terminal 2|; the inner lower front contact of each of the units relays is connected to a terminal i1 arranged ior strapping to a terminal |8; and terminals l8 and 2| are all interconnected by con-.
ductor 20. As shown in the drawing, relay I5 is operated when 20 permanent signal calls have been registered as indicated by the operation of relays U0 and T2, terminal 22.associated with relay T2 being connected by conductor 23 to the associated terminal 2| and terminal I! associated with relay U0 being connected by conductor I!) to the associated terminal Hi. When operated, relay l5 locks to conductor l3.
Since the tens chain comprises only four relays the counting arrangement shown in the drawing can register a total of 39 operations. It is of course apparent that the tens chain may also include ten relays; or, if the decimal system is not necessary, that each of the two chains may consist of any desired number of relays. Furthermore, additional chains may be added, for instance hundreds and thousands chains. Although each of the tens and units relays is shown as having contacts actuated in a predetermined sequence, this isnot necessary and the contact springs may be arranged for simultaneous or any order of actuation.
It is further to be noted that the operation of the counting relays may be responsive to a train of selective impulses, in which case each of the relays may be provided with additional contacts for effecting desired selective operations.
What is claimed is:
' 1. In combination, a chain of counting relays, control contacts common to said relays, operating circuits, one for each of said relays, each of said operating circuits being closed in succession by successive closures of said control contacts, each of said operating circuits comprising said control contacts, a front contact of the next preceding one of said relays and a back contact of the second preceding one of said relays, each operating circuit being initially opened by the next opening of said control contacts following closure of the operating circuit means independent of said control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the opening of its operating circuit by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay is operated, and means including said control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the operation of the next succeeding relay until the operating circuit 0 the next succeeding relay is opened. 2. In combination, a chain of counting relays, control contacts common to said relays, operating circuits, one for each of said relays, each of said means independent of said control contacts for operating one of said relays thereby to prepare the succeeding one of said relays for operation responsive to the next succeeding closure of said control contacts. each of said operating circuits comprising said control'contacts, a front contact of the next preceding one of said relays and a back contact of the second preceding one of said relays. cach operating circuit being initially opened by the next opening of said control contacts following closure of the operating circuit means independent of said control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the opening of its operating circuit by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay is operated, and means includingsaid control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the operation of the next succeeding relay until the. operating circuit. of the next succeeding relay is opened:
3. In combination, a chain oi counting relays, control contacts common to said relays, operating circuits, one for each oi said relays, each of said operating circuits being closed in succession by successive closures of ,said control contacts, each operating circuit being initially opened by the next opening oi said control contacts following closure of the operating circuit means independent of said control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the opening of its operating circuit by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay is operated, and means including said control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the operation of Z relays operated after the opening of its operating circuit by, said controlcontacts until the next the next succeeding relay until the operating I circuit of the next succeeding relay is opened.
4. In combination, a chain of counting relays, control contacts common to said relays, operating circuits, one for each of said relays. each of said operating circuits being closed in succession by successive closures of said control contacts, each of said operating circuits comprising said control contacts, a iront contact of the next preceding one of said relays and a back contact of the second preceding one of said relays, each operating circuit being initially opened by the next opening of said control contacts following closure oi the operating circuit means for holdsucceeding relay is operated, and means includ- \ing said control contacts for holding eachof said relays operated after the operation of the next succeeding relay until the operating circuit of the next succeeding relay is opened.
6, In combination, first and second chains of counting relays. a single set of control contacts for controllihg the relay in both chains, operating circuits, one for each 6! said relays, each of said operating circuits for relays in the first chain being closed in succession by successive closures of said control contacts,'means independent of said control contacts for operating one of said relays in each chain thereby to prepare the suc-.-
ceeding one oi the relays in the first chain for operation by the next succeeding closure of said control contacts and to pr pare the succeeding one of the relays in the second chain for operation by a succeeding closureof said control contacts. each of said operating circuits for relays in both chains comprising said control contacts,
a front contact of the next preceding one of said relays and a back contact of the second preceding one of said relays, each of the operating circuits of said second chain further comprising a front contact of a particular one of therelays of the first chain and a back contact of the next preceding one of the relays of the first chain, means independent of said control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the,
opening of its operating circuit by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay is op erated, and means including said control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the operation of the next succeeding relay until the operating circuit of the next succeeding relay is opened.
'7. In combination, first and second chains of counting relays, a single set of control contacts for controlling. the relays in both chains, op-
erating circuits, one for each of said relays, each of said operating circuits for relays in the first chain being closed in succession by successive closures ,of said control contacts. each of said operating circuits for relays in bothchains com prising said control contacts, a front contact of ing each of said relays. operated after the opening of its operating circuit by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay is operated, and means including said control contacts for holding each of said relays operated after the operation oi the next succeeding relay until the operating circuit of the-"next succeeding relay is opened.
a 5. In combination, ilrst and second chains of counting relays, a single set oi control contacts for controlling the relays in both chains,'operating circuits, one for eachof said relays, each of said operating circuits for relays in the first, chain being closed in succession by successive closures of said control contacts, each cisaid operating circuits for relays in both chains com.- prising said control contacts, a front contact of the next preceding one of said relays, and a back contact of the second preceding one of said relays, each of the operating circuits of said second chain further comprising a iront contact oi a particular one of the relays oi. the first chain and a back contact of the. next preceding one of the relays of the first chain, means independent of said control contacts for holding each of said the next preceding one of said relays and a bacls contact of the second preceding one of said relays, each of the operating circuits of said second chain further comprising a. front contact of a particular one of the relays .of the flrst chain and a back contact of the next preceding one oi the relays of the first chain, means for holding each of said relays operated after the opening of its operating circuit by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay is operated, and means including said control contacts for'holding each of said relaysoperated after the operation of the next succeeding relay until the operating circuit of the next succeeding relayis opened.
8. In combination, a chain of counting relays,
5 each relay having two windings, intermittently closed control contacts common to said relays, operating circuits, one for each of said relays, said operating circuits being closed one at a time ,by successive closures of said control contacts, each oi said operating circuits including in series said control contacts, a back contact of the second preceding one of the relays in said'chain. a front contact of the next preceding one oi the relays in said chain and one winding of the relay which is being operatedreach of said operating circuits remaining closed until opened by said control contacts, an individual holding circuit for each oi said counting relays which includes the other winding of the relay for holding the relay operated alter its operating circuit is opened by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay in the chain is operated, and another individual holding circuit for eachoi said counting relays which includes said control contacts and a front contact and said one winding of the relay for holding the relay operated after the operation of the next succeeding relay in the chain until the operating circuit the next succeeding relay in thechain is opened by said control contacts.
9. In combination, a chain of counting relays, each relay having two windings, intermittently closed control contacts common to said relays,
1 operating, circuits; one for each ofsaid relays,
said operating circuits being closed one at a time by successive closures of saidrcontrol contact's, each of said operating circuits including in series .said control contacts, a bacfcontactofthesecond preceding one of the relays in said chain, a front contact 0! the next preceding one of the relays in said chain and one winding of the relay which is being operated, each of said operating circuits remaining closed until opened by said control contacts, an individual holding circuit for each of said counting relays which includes the other winding of the relay for holding the relay operated after its operating circuit is opened by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay in the chain is operated, another individual holding circuit for each of said counting relays which includes saidccontrol contacts and a front contact and said one windingof the relay for holding the relay operated after the operation of the next succeeding relay in the chain until the operating circuit of the next succeeding relay in the chain is opened by said control contacts, and other means common to said chain or relays operative to close an initial operating circuit through said other winding of a particular one of said relays and to connect said control contacts in operative association with said one winding of the next succeeding operating circuits, one for each of said. relays, said operating circuits being closed one at-a time by successive closures of said control contacts, each of said operating circuits including in series said control contacts, a back contact oi the second preceding one of the relays in said chain, a front contact of the next preceding one of the relays in said chain and one winding of the relay which is being operated, each oi said operating circuits remaining closed until opened by said control contacts, an individual h lding circuit for each of said counting relays hich includes the other winding of the relay for holding the relay operatedafter its operating circuit is opened by said control contacts until-the next succeeding relay in the chain is operated. another individual holding'circuit for each of said counting relays which includes said control contacts and a front contact and said one winding of the relay for holding the relay operated after the operation of the next succeeding relay in the chain until the operating circuit of the next succeeding relay in the chain is opened by said control contacts, other means commontosaidchain-olrelays operative to close an initial. operating circuit through said other winding of a particular one of said relays and to connect said control contacts in operative asso-' ciation withsaid one winding of the next succeeding relay in the chain, and means rendered eflective by operation of the relay next succeeding said one relay for opening said initial operatin circuit for said one relay.
11. In combination, first and second chains of counting relays, each relay having two windings, a single set of intermittently closed control contacts for controlling the relays in both chains, operating circuits, one for each" of said counting relays, the operating circuits for relays in the first chain being closed one at a time by successive closures of said control contacts, the operating circuit for each of the counting relays in both chains including in series said control contacts, a back contact of the second preceding one of the relays in the same chain, a front contact of the next preceding relay in the same chain and one winding of the relay which is being operated, each of the operating circuits for relays of the second chain further comprising a front contact of a particular one of the relays of the first chain and a back contact of the next preceding one of the relays of the first chain, each of the operating circuits for relays in both chains remaining closed until opened by said control contacts, an individual holding circuit for each of the counting relays in both. chains which includes the other winding of the relay for holding the relay operated after its operating .circuit is opened by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay in the same chain is operated, and another individual holding circuit for each of the relays in both 01' said chains which includes a front contact and said one winding of each of said relays for holding therelay operated after the operation ,of the next succeeding relay in the same chain until the operating circuit of the next succeeding relay in the same chain is opened by said control contacts.
12. In combination, first and second chains of counting relays, each relay having two windings, a single set of intermittently closed control contacts for controlling the relays in both chains, operating circuits, one for each of said counting relays, the operating circuits for relays in the first chain being closed one at a time by successive closures of said control contacts, the operating circuit for each of the counting relays in both chains including in series said control contacts, a back contact of the second preceding one of the relays in the same chain, a front contact of the next preceding relay in the same chain and one winding of the relayswhich is being operated, each of the operating circultsfor'relays of the second chainefurther comprising a front contact of a particulafone of the relays of the relay operated after its operating circuit is opened by said control contacts until the next succeeding relay in the same chain is operated, another individual holding circuit for each of the relays in both of said chains which includes a fro'ntcontact and said one winding of each of said relays for holding the relay operatedafter the operation oi the next succeeding relay in the same chain 7 until the operating circuit of the next succeeding succeeding relay in the same chain for operation.
RALPH E. HERSEY.
F naraaaucas 0mm The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Nurnber Name Date Bygrave May 15, 1917 Davis Nov. 13', 1934 Powell Jan. 5, 1937 Bryce July 2, 1940 Powell May 6, 1941 Vibbard Apr. 28, 1942
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2593578A (en) * 1949-09-15 1952-04-22 Rca Corp Relay counting circuit
US2610242A (en) * 1948-03-20 1952-09-09 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Impulse counting relay and system therefor
US2668931A (en) * 1949-12-20 1954-02-09 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Electronic register for telephone switching systems
US2686841A (en) * 1950-10-13 1954-08-17 Itt Block coupler
US2768334A (en) * 1953-01-28 1956-10-23 Gen Railway Signal Co Relay stepping bank

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1226184A (en) * 1916-02-08 1917-05-15 Relay Automatic Telephone Co Electrical selector.
US1980190A (en) * 1931-03-19 1934-11-13 Western Electric Co Impulse transmitter
US2067145A (en) * 1932-12-20 1937-01-05 Gen Railway Signal Co Centralized traffic controlling system for railroads
US2206660A (en) * 1937-04-15 1940-07-02 Ibm Counting device
US2241156A (en) * 1938-01-25 1941-05-06 Stromberg Carlson Telephone Selecting system
US2281396A (en) * 1940-04-03 1942-04-28 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Relay selecting circuit

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1226184A (en) * 1916-02-08 1917-05-15 Relay Automatic Telephone Co Electrical selector.
US1980190A (en) * 1931-03-19 1934-11-13 Western Electric Co Impulse transmitter
US2067145A (en) * 1932-12-20 1937-01-05 Gen Railway Signal Co Centralized traffic controlling system for railroads
US2206660A (en) * 1937-04-15 1940-07-02 Ibm Counting device
US2241156A (en) * 1938-01-25 1941-05-06 Stromberg Carlson Telephone Selecting system
US2281396A (en) * 1940-04-03 1942-04-28 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Relay selecting circuit

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2610242A (en) * 1948-03-20 1952-09-09 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Impulse counting relay and system therefor
US2593578A (en) * 1949-09-15 1952-04-22 Rca Corp Relay counting circuit
US2668931A (en) * 1949-12-20 1954-02-09 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Electronic register for telephone switching systems
US2686841A (en) * 1950-10-13 1954-08-17 Itt Block coupler
US2768334A (en) * 1953-01-28 1956-10-23 Gen Railway Signal Co Relay stepping bank

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