US2433035A - Bag delivery mechanism - Google Patents

Bag delivery mechanism Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2433035A
US2433035A US55372244A US2433035A US 2433035 A US2433035 A US 2433035A US 55372244 A US55372244 A US 55372244A US 2433035 A US2433035 A US 2433035A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
roll
bag
belts
idler
drive
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Alfred J Ersted
Original Assignee
Alfred J Ersted
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H5/00Feeding articles separated from piles; Feeding articles to machines
    • B65H5/02Feeding articles separated from piles; Feeding articles to machines by belts or chains, e.g. between belts or chains
    • B65H5/021Feeding articles separated from piles; Feeding articles to machines by belts or chains, e.g. between belts or chains by belts
    • B65H5/023Feeding articles separated from piles; Feeding articles to machines by belts or chains, e.g. between belts or chains by belts between a pair of belts forming a transport nip
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06GMECHANICAL OR PRESSURE CLEANING OF CARPETS, RUGS, SACKS, HIDES OR OTHER SKIN OR TEXTILE ARTICLES OR FABRICS; TURNING INSIDE-OUT FLEXIBLE TUBULAR OR OTHER HOLLOW ARTICLES
    • D06G3/00Turning inside-out flexible tubular or other hollow articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2404/00Parts for transporting or guiding the handled material
    • B65H2404/20Belts
    • B65H2404/26Particular arrangement of belt, or belts
    • B65H2404/261Arrangement of belts, or belt(s) / roller(s) facing each other for forming a transport nip

Description

Dec. 23,- 1947. J, ERSTED 2,433,035

BAG DELIVERY MECHANISM Filed Sept. 12, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR ALFRED .11 5251-50 v ATTORNEY Dec. 23, 1947.

A. .1. ERSTED BAG DELIVERY MECHANISM 3.944 '2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Sept. 12,

'INVENTOR ALFRED J ERSTED.

' A TORNEY Patented Dec. 23, 1947 UNI T E'D STAT ES PATE N T OFFICE BAG DELIVERY MECHANISM Alfred J. Ersted, .Atherton, Gal-if.

Application September 12, 1944, Serial No. 553,722

3 Claims.

The present invention relates to a bag delivery mechanism for bag turning machines.

One object of the present invention is to provide an improved bag delivery mechanism for removing the turned bags from the ram of the bag turning machine and for delivering the same to the bag discharge mechanism of the machine.

Another object is to provide a bag delivery mechanism wherein the opposing bag removing and delivery belts are automatically held in continuous frictional contact with each other to assure efiicient removal of the turned bags from the ram and their proper delivery to the bag discharge mechanism of the bag turning machine.

Another object is to provide a bag delivery mechanism wherein the idler belts are automatically held under continuous tension in contact with the drive belts adjacent the periphery of the drive roll to thereby exert a continuous pressure against the drive belts to hold them in firm frictional contact with the drive roll.

Another object is to provide a bag delivery mechanism which operates efficiently with nonelastic belts such as fabric or composition belts.

Other and further objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description and drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a side view of the bag delivery mechanism of the present invention in conjunction with certain parts of a bag turnin machine cooperating therewith.

Fig, 2 is a longitudinal section of Fig. 1 taken along line 2-2 of Fig. 3.

Fig, 3 is an enlarged plan view of the bag delivery mechanism shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is an enlarged detail view partially in section and partially in elevation of a portion .of the belt tensioning or floating roll of the bag delivery mechanism and retaining guide therefor.

Fig. 5 is an end view of the belt tensioning roll taken along line 55 of Fig. 4.

For purposes of illustration, the bag delivery mechanism of the present invention has been illustrated in connection with a portion of a bag turning machine such as shown in Patent No. 2,295,940, issued September 15, 1942, to A. J. Ersted, it being understood, however, that the mechanism of the present invention is also adaptable for use in connection with other ba turning or handling machines, as will be obvious to those skilled in the art.

Referring now to the drawings and especially to Figs. 1 to .3 thereof, i indicates the frame structure of the bag delivery mechanism which comprises supporting brackets 2 and 3 secured in spaced relation by means of bolts 4 to the rear end 6 of the bag turning machine intermediate the ram 1 and bag discharge mechanism 8 thereof.

Each of the brackets 2 and 3 is provided at the front end thereof with a, plurality of bosses II and I2 within which stationary bearing pins I3 and I4 are fixed by means of set screws IB and i1. Rotatably mounted on the bearin pins l3 and I4 by means of roller bearings [8, only one of which has been shown in Fig. 3, are an upper idler roll 2] and a lower idler roll 22 which extend transversely between the brackets 2 and 3 over substantially the entire width therebetween.

The bracket 2 is further provided with a boss 25 within which a, stationary bearing pin 21 is fixed by means .of set screws 28. Positioned behind the lower idler roll 22 between the brackets 2 and .3 and rotatably mounted with one of its ends on the bearing pin 21 by means of a roller bearing 29 (Fig. 1), in a similar manner as shown in connection with roll 2i in Fig. 3, is a large drive roll 3]. The drive roll 3| extends transversely between the brackets 2 and 3, and is of the same length as the idler rolls 2| and 22, and fixed to the other end of the drive roll 3| is a drive shaft 32 rotatably mounted within a bearing 33 of the bracket '3. Keyed to the free end of the drive shaft 32, which extends beyond the bearing 33 exterior of the bracket 3, is a drive pulley 34 which is driven through a belt 36 by the drive mechanism of the bag turning machine to effect rotation of the drive roll 3| in the direction of arrow 31 (Fig, 2) in timed relation with the operation of the ram I and bag discharge mechanism 8.

The rear end 4! of each bracket 2 and v3 is provided with a boss 42 within which a stationary bearing and retaining pin 43 is held in fixed position by means of set screws 46.

Positioned between the bearing pins 43 transversely between the brackets 2 and 3 is a rear idler roll 41 which comprises a tubular portion 48 the ends of which are closed by heavy end members or plugs 49 (Fig. 4) fixed thereto in any convenient manner. The outer end 5] .of each plug 49 is recessed so as to form an end face 52 surrounded by an annular wall or flange 53 provided with an outwardly tapered retaining surface 54 (Figs. 4 and 5). The idler roll 41 is .of the same length as rolls 2 I, 22, and 3| previously mentioned herein, and all rolls are horizontally disposed in parallel relation and in transverse alignment with respect to each other.

Trained around the lower idler roll 22 and the drive roll 3! are endless drive or bag delivery belts 56, 51, and 58 preferably of non-elastic material such as leather, fabric, or any other suitable composition. These belts are placed side by side on these rolls and are of such width as to cover substantially the entire length of the rolls. The length of these belts should be such that the belts are fairly taut on the rolls.

Trained around the idler rolls 2| and 41 are endless idler or presser belts Si, 62, and 63 preferably of the same non-elastic material as belts 56, 51, and 58. The idler belts BI, 52, and 63 are of lesser width than the drive belts 56 to 58.

The center belt 62 is guided by a bag and belt guide 68 comprising spaced guide plates 67 and 58 secured in fixed position to a stationary rod 69 by means of set screws H and I2, respectively.

The rod 69 is carried by belt shifter supports 73 and 7 3 within which a belt shifter rod 16 is rotatably mounted (Figs. 1 to 3).

The side belts 6i and 83 are guided by belt shifting forks l8 and i9, respectively. The forks i8 and T9 are slidably mounted on the rod 69 and comprise interiorly and oppositely threaded sleeve portions 8! and 82 cooperating with correspondingly threaded portions 83 and 84, respectively, of the shifter rod 76, so that upon rotation of the rod it by means of the handle 86 in one or the other direction, the forks i8 and 79 are shifted toward or away from each other whereby a corresponding shifting of the belts BI and 53 is obtained. This permits adjustment of the belts BI and 63 for various widths of bags to be handled by the bag delivery mechanism.

The idler rolls 2! and 41 are so positioned with respect to the drive roll 3| and idler roll 22 in the frame I that the lower run of each idler belt 65, 62, and $3 is in contact with a substantial portion of its cooperating drive belt adjacent the periphery of the drive roll (it, as shown at 8| in Fig. 2, and the idler and drive belts diverge at the front and rear end of the bag delivery mechanism so as to form a V-shaped bag receiving mouth 82 and discharge throat 83. The length of the idler belts of, 62, and E3 is such that the idler roll all is disposed in freely suspended or floating position with the retaining pins 43 out of contact with the tapered surfaces 54 of the roll so that the whole weight of the roll 41 bears against the belts Si, 62, and S3 and holds the same continuously taut with their lower runs partially wrapped around the drive belts whereby the idler belts are held with continuous substantially equal pressure in frictional contact with the drive belts adjacent the upper peripheral portion of the drive roll 3| as shown at 8!.

In the operation of the bag delivery mechanism of the present invention, the drive roll 3! is continuously rotated in the direction of arrow 3! (Fig. 2) in timed relation to the operation of the ram 1 and bag discharge mechanism 8 of the bag turning machine whereby a corresponding rotation of the idler roll 22 and travel of the drive belts 55, 58 in the direction of arrows 8d (Figs. 2 and 3) is effected. In view of the frictional contact between the drive belts 56, 51, and 58 and the idler belts 6i, 6?, and 63, respectively, the idler belts are driven in the direction of arrows 85 (Figs. 2 and 3) and the idler roll 2| and floating roll 4'! are rotated in the direction of arrows 81 (Fig. 2) therewith.

Therefore, when a bag is introduced by the ram 1 into the bag receiving mouth 82 into frictional contact with the drive and idler belt-s, the

bag is gripped thereby, removed from the ram, and advanced between the drive belts 56, 51, 58 and the idler belts 6|, 62, 63 toward the discharge throat 83 from which the bag is discharged in a downward direction upon the fly of the discharge mechanism 8 which subsequently discharges the bag from the bag turning machine.

In view of the automatically maintained tension of the idler belts and the continuously sustained yielding pressure of the idler belts against the drive belts under the weight and lateral tilting action of the floating roll 41 a firm frictional contact between opposing belts is established so that the idler belt are driven without slippage by the drive belts. Likewise, during the advancement of a bag between the belts firm frictional contact between the bag and opposing belts is established under the action of the floating roll 4? whereby the driving connection between the belts is maintained through the medium of the bag and a proper advancement of the bag is assured. Furthermore, the pressure exerted by the idler belts against the drive belts 56, 51, and 58 forces the latter into firm frictional contact with the drive roll 3! so that the drive belts are driven thereby without slippage although they may not be taut on the rolls 3| and 22 or have become slack under the continuous operation.

It will therefore be seen that instead of the elastic rubber belts heretofore employed, which maintain their tension and frictional contact due to their inherent elasticity, non-elastic belts such as fabric or composition belts may be used since, the action of the floating idler roll 12, as hereinbefore explained, maintains a correct tension of the idler belts and a firm frictional contact between the idler and drive belts (either directly or through the medium of the bag) as well as the drive belts and the drive roll.

The retaining pins 53 are so adjusted that they are slightly spaced from the end faces 52 of the roll 47 so that the roll may tilt slightly endwise and float vertically and horizontally in a universal manner to maintain the belts 6!, 62, and 63 taut even though they may be of slightly different length or have stretched to different degrees in service. However, the retaining pins 53 should be sufficiently close to the rolls so as to engage the tapered surfaces 54 upon excessive movement of the roll to thereby restrict the universal floating movement of the roll 42' within desired limits and to support the roll in case of belt breakage.

I desire it to be understood that the invention is not limited to the particular application or precise details of construction illustrated, but that various applications, modifications, and variations may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention, and I deem myself entitled to all such applications, modifications, and variations as come within the scope of the claims appended hereto.

Having thus described my invention and in what manner the same may be used, what I claim and desire to protect by Letters Patent is as follows:

1. A bag delivery mechanism comprising an endless bag delivery belt trained around a drive roll and an idler roll rotatably mounted in parallel and spaced relation in a frame, an endless presser belt in frictional engagement with said bag delivery belt adjacent the periphery of the drive roll and overhanging the same, said pressure belt being trained around an idler roll rotatably mounted on said frame above said delivery belt in parallel relation to said drive roll, and a universally movable idler roll within the overhanging portion of the pressure belt and solely supported thereby for maintaining the pressure belt taut and in yieldable engagement with the bag delivery belt, said universally movable idler roll having an end surface and an annular retaining surface on either end, and means fixed to said frame and cooperating with the end and retaining surfaces of said universally movable roll for limiting the universal movement thereof.

2. A bag delivery mechanism comprising a support, a'horizontally disposed drive roll and a horizontally disposed idler roll rotatably mounted in spaced and parallel relation on said support, a drive belt trained around said drive and idler rolls, a second horizontally disposed idler roll rotatably mounted on said support parallel to and above said drive roll and first mentioned idler roll and in spaced relation to said drive belt, a free floating idler roll adjacent and parallel to said drive roll, an endless idler belt trained around said free floating roll and said second idler roll and overlying a portion of said drive belt in yielding engagement therewith, said free floating roll being unsupported by said support whereby the idler belt is maintained under continuous tension and in frictional engagement with the drive belt under the gravity action of said floating roll upon the idler belt, each end of said free floating idler 30 1,432426 roll having a recess formed by a straight end face of the roll and an annular wall adjacent the same, means for driving said drive roll to effect travel of the engaging belt portions in a common direction toward said floating roll, and retaining means on said support disposed in closely spaced relation to the end faces of the floating roll and extending into said recesses for limiting the floating movement of the floating roll relative to said support.

3. In a bag delivery mechanism comprising an endless bag delivery belt trained around a rotatable drive roll and an idler roll, and an endless presser belt partially overlying said delivery belt and having one end of its loop trained around a freely rotatable roll and the other end of its loop overhanging the delivery belt, the combination with said pressure belt of a free floating idler roll disposed within the overhanging loop thereof, each end of said floating roll being provided with an annular flange defining a circular recess therewithin, and means adjacent each end of the floating roll and projecting into the circular recess for engaging the annular flangeupon excessive floating movement of the floating roll to thereby maintain the floating movement of said roll within a predetermined limit.

ALFRED J. ERSTED.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Taggart Oct. 17, 1922 1,513,473 Ackerman Oct. 28, 1924 1,544,192 Smith June 30, 1925 1,849,045 Wolf Mar. 8, 1932 2,295,940

Ersted Sept. 15, 1942

US2433035A 1944-09-12 1944-09-12 Bag delivery mechanism Expired - Lifetime US2433035A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2433035A US2433035A (en) 1944-09-12 1944-09-12 Bag delivery mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2433035A US2433035A (en) 1944-09-12 1944-09-12 Bag delivery mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2433035A true US2433035A (en) 1947-12-23

Family

ID=24210473

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2433035A Expired - Lifetime US2433035A (en) 1944-09-12 1944-09-12 Bag delivery mechanism

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2433035A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2605883A (en) * 1949-10-14 1952-08-05 Bateman Co Inc Turning machine
US3061164A (en) * 1958-08-15 1962-10-30 Du Pont T-belt piddler

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1432426A (en) * 1921-09-26 1922-10-17 Taggart Brothers Company Paper-bag press
US1513473A (en) * 1923-06-04 1924-10-28 Curtis & Company Mfg Company Automatic belt tightener
US1544192A (en) * 1921-11-25 1925-06-30 Goulds Mfg Company Belt tightener
US1849045A (en) * 1929-09-19 1932-03-08 Tribune Company Dispatch conveyer for newspapers or the like
US2295940A (en) * 1940-05-28 1942-09-15 Alfred J Ersted Bag turning machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1432426A (en) * 1921-09-26 1922-10-17 Taggart Brothers Company Paper-bag press
US1544192A (en) * 1921-11-25 1925-06-30 Goulds Mfg Company Belt tightener
US1513473A (en) * 1923-06-04 1924-10-28 Curtis & Company Mfg Company Automatic belt tightener
US1849045A (en) * 1929-09-19 1932-03-08 Tribune Company Dispatch conveyer for newspapers or the like
US2295940A (en) * 1940-05-28 1942-09-15 Alfred J Ersted Bag turning machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2605883A (en) * 1949-10-14 1952-08-05 Bateman Co Inc Turning machine
US3061164A (en) * 1958-08-15 1962-10-30 Du Pont T-belt piddler

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2035138A (en) Machine for producting narrow strip fabric from broadloom fabric
US2757880A (en) Coil cradle
US3468409A (en) Puller
US3463040A (en) Machine for cutting sheet materials
US3610500A (en) Conveying apparatus
US3927814A (en) Guide for a moving belt
US2828123A (en) Feed roll sheet feeding apparatus
US2269197A (en) Grinding and polishing apparatus
US2682216A (en) Endless conveyer press for flattening bags
US3317965A (en) Tow filament separating apparatus
US2706094A (en) Rug rolling machines
US2597042A (en) Two-web rotary brush wrapping machine
US3239213A (en) Document feeder
US2671992A (en) Edge grinding machine for glass plates or the like
US2909341A (en) Wire aligning and tensioning mechanism
US2775410A (en) Apparatus for winding limp material into coreless rolls
US1693589A (en) Bias-cutung machine
US2341021A (en) Jogging device
US2027564A (en) Rolling machine
US2240765A (en) Device for grooving preformed sheets
US2180601A (en) Accumulating conveyer
US3479706A (en) Spreader for tubular knit fabrics
US3597814A (en) Machine for mechanically treating materials having a movable flexible retarder
US2531619A (en) Machine for decurling labels
US1846665A (en) Conveyer belt centering mechanism