US2428183A - Combined space heater and cook - Google Patents

Combined space heater and cook Download PDF

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US2428183A
US2428183A US2428183DA US2428183A US 2428183 A US2428183 A US 2428183A US 2428183D A US2428183D A US 2428183DA US 2428183 A US2428183 A US 2428183A
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chamber
casing
stove
cook
partition
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C11/00Combinations of two or more stoves or ranges, e.g. each having a different kind of energy supply

Description

M. SVEDA' COMBINED SPACE HEATERAND COOK STOVE Sept. 30, 1947.
Filed Feb. 19, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 r I'll/l1 I 1 ml m INVENTOR.
M. SVEDA COMBINED SPACE HEATER AND COOK STOVE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Sept. 30, 1947.
Filed Feb. 19, 1945 2.7 icZzaeZ Jz'eda IN V EN TOR.
Patented Sept. 30.1947
zgzaes comma!) SPACE HEATER AND STOVE I Michael Sveda, Clifton, N. J.- I V Application February 19, 1945, SerialNo. 578,645
This invention-relates to a stove designed not only for heating purposes but also for cooking purposes. It is especially useful in localities subject to extreme cold weather and where equipment must be of such a nature as to be easily transported and set up for'use,
Another object is to provide a stove of this character formed of few parts, which will not readily get out of order, and is especially useful as a wood burner.
With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention consists of certain novel details of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter more fully described and pointed out in the claim, it being understood that changes may be made in the construction and arrangement of parts without departing from the spirit of the invention as claimed.
In the accompanying drawings the preferred form of the invention has been shown.
In said drawings:
Figure 1 is a central vertical section through the stove taken from front to rear.
Figure 2 is a section on line 2-2, Fig. 1,
Figure 3 is a section on line 3-3, Fig. 1.
Figure 4 is a section on line 44, Fig. 1.
Figure 5 is a section on line 55, Fig. 4.
Figure 6 is a section similar to Fig. 3 but showing the stove adapted to be used for cooking purposes.
Figure 7 is a section on line 'I-1, Fig. 6.
Referringto the figures by characters of reference I designates the casing of thestove which preferably is cylindrical and closed at its top and bottom, there being suitable legs or other supports 2 whereby the bottom of the stove can be held above the floor level.
A partition 3 is secured within the back portion of the casing I-and terminates 'a short distance from the top of the casing to provide an upper outlet space A and it also terminates above the bottom of the casing to provide a lower outlet space 5. The partition 3 cooperates with the back portion of the casing I to-form a flue 6 extending from the space 5 to the space 4 but a damper 1, Which is hingedly connected at 8 to the upper end of partition 3 is adapted tobear against the inner surface of the casing I and close communication between the space 4 and the flue 6, This damper can be operated by means of an exterior handle 9 joined to the damper by a rod I0 journaled in the casing, An outlet sleeve I I extends from the casing I adjacent to the upper end of flue 6 and opens into the flue.
1 Claim. (c1. 126-4)' Side partitions I2 extend forwardly from the sides of partition '3 to the front portion of casing I to which they are joined and these side partitions'thus cooperate with the wall of the casing to define side flues I3.
The space defined by the partitions 3 and I2 is divided into a bottom chamber I4, a middle chamber I5 and an upper chamber I6, there being doors II, I8 and I9 in front of the respective chambers whereby access thereto may be had readily to the chambers. Each of these doors can be formed with the usual slidin damper 20 whereby the flow of air through the door can be regulated. The dampers can be of any suitable construction and have only been illustrated generally.
Chamber I4 is divided from chamber I5 by an imperforate partition 2| while chamber I5 normally is separated from chamber I6 by a grate 22. When the stove is to be used for cooking purposes, however, the grate can support an imperforate plate 23 which serves to close communication between chambers I5 and I6.
Assuming that the stove is to be used for heatv ing purposes only, the plate 23 is removed from chamber I6 through the opening of door I9, thereby exposing the grate so that it can support fuel. Damper l is closed and when the fuel is ignited the products of combustion will flow over the top edges of partitions I2 downwardly within flues I3 into the bottom chamber I l and thence through space 5 into the bottom of flue 6 and upwardly to outlet I I. Thus hot gases will maintain the surface of the casing I at a high temperature and loss of heat will be materially reduced. Ashes falling through the grate will be received in chamber I5 and can be removed through the opening of door I8. Door I1 is used to permit convenient access to the bottom chamber I4 for cleaning purposes.
Should it be desired to use the stove for cooking, plate 23 would be utilized. This plate is -placed on the grate 22, damper I is opened and the damper in door I9 is also opened. Fuel is placed on the plate instead of upon the grate and is burned in chamber I6, the hot products of combustion flowing directly from chamber it into space 4 and thence through 6 and outlet II. Heat will be conducted through plate 23 to chamber I5 which thus serves as an oven in which food may be cooked.
Obviously a stove of this type can be easily transported, readily set up for use, and thus is adapted especially to meet the conditions found the flue, a damper for opening and closing the 7 opening adjacent to the upper end of the flue, thereby to control communication between the flue at its upper end and the interior of the casing fiat side partitions oppositely disposed within and connected to the casing and cooperating with the casing to provide side fiues open at their u per and lower ends and communicating with the interior of the casing adjacent to the upper end thereof and at a point above the .lower end of the back partition, an imperforate forwardly extended partition at the lower ends of the side fiues and joined to the back partition and to the side partitions, said imperforate partition cooperating with the bottom portion of the casing to provide a bottom chamber, a grate above and spaced from the imperforate partition and extending between the side partitions and between the back partition and the wall of the casing, said grate dividing the interior of the casing into a. middle chamber and an upper chamber, doors opening into all of the chambers, and a plate removably mounted on and adapted to close the grate, thereby to provide a flat bottom for the upper chamber and to seal said upper chamber from the middle chamber, said middle chamber, when sealed, being out of communication with the upper andlower chambers.
MICHAEL SVEDA.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the ri le this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4015580A (en) * 1975-12-10 1977-04-05 Moore Leonard V Safe heater
US4850332A (en) * 1986-10-27 1989-07-25 Suomen Vuolukivi Oy Masonry fireplace, particularly a baking oven

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US225783A (en) * 1880-03-23 Parlor cooking-stove
US499023A (en) * 1893-06-06 hunter
US749059A (en) * 1904-01-05 And wilfeed w
US916915A (en) * 1908-07-16 1909-03-30 Gem City Stove Company Stove.

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US225783A (en) * 1880-03-23 Parlor cooking-stove
US499023A (en) * 1893-06-06 hunter
US749059A (en) * 1904-01-05 And wilfeed w
US916915A (en) * 1908-07-16 1909-03-30 Gem City Stove Company Stove.

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4015580A (en) * 1975-12-10 1977-04-05 Moore Leonard V Safe heater
US4850332A (en) * 1986-10-27 1989-07-25 Suomen Vuolukivi Oy Masonry fireplace, particularly a baking oven

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