US2407714A - Human carrier - Google Patents

Human carrier Download PDF

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Publication number
US2407714A
US2407714A US50635343A US2407714A US 2407714 A US2407714 A US 2407714A US 50635343 A US50635343 A US 50635343A US 2407714 A US2407714 A US 2407714A
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Prior art keywords
loop
person
strap
carrying
side members
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Expired - Lifetime
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William J Maloney
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William J Maloney
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT OR ACCOMODATION FOR PATIENTS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G1/00Stretchers
    • A61G1/04Parts, details or accessories, e.g. head-, foot-, or like rests specially adapted for stretchers
    • A61G1/044Straps, bands or belts

Description

1 Sept. 17, 1946.

HUMAN CARRIER Filed Oct. '15, 1943 w. ,J. MALONEY 2,407,714

Patented Sept. 17, 1946 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE HUMAN CARRIER William J. Maloney, Ansonia, Conn. Application October 15, 1943, Serial No. 506,353

v 6 Claims.

This invention relates to a carrier and first aid device for assisting-in transporting or carrying an injured or .ill person, and has for an object to provide such a device which will be of very simple construction and may be easily applied and used in carrying an injured or ill person or assisting such person.

It is also an object tor-provide such a device which may be used not only as a carrier, but may be used as .a tourniquet in. first aid and may be employed to provide a first aid kit.v

A further object is to provide a construction which may be easily carried by persons apt to require use of such a device, such for example as hunters, life-guards, soldiers, Boy Scouts and so forth.

With the foregoing and other objects in View, I' have devised the construction illustrated in the accompanying drawing forming a part of this specification. the invention is not limited to the specific details of construction and arrangement shown but may embody various changes and modifications within the scope of the invention.

In the drawing:

Figs. 1 to 4 illustrate one method on which the device may be used to lift a person from a prone position and get him to a carrying position;

Fig. 5 is a plan View of the device;

Fig. 6 is a side elevation thereof:

Fig. '7 is a transverse section on an enlarged scale substantially on line '!'I of Fig. 5, and

Fig. 8 is an enlarged detail section substantial-ly on line 8-43 of -Fig. 5.

The preferred form of the device comprises a flexible strap having its side members I0 and H secured together adjacent their free ends as indicated at 12 to form a closed loop l3. The two side members may besecured together in (interout ways, as for example by riveting, stitching and so forth. It is preferred to cross them as indicated in Fig. 6 and secure the cross portion by a rivet i2 which permits a certain amount of relative turning "between the crossed members, permitting .it to conform to the shape of the body of the person doing the carrying, as will be more fully described later, Beyond this connection there is provided one or more hand grips Hi. 'It is preferred these grips be formed by extending the side members and folding them upon themselves to form loops as indicated and securing the free ends of these loops either by the securing means I 2 or separate securing means such as rivets, stitching, cement and so forth.

Extending transversely across the loop inter- It is, however, to be understood.

mediate the two opposite ends thereof is a second strap 15. This is preferably in the form of a double strap looped about the side'members l9 and H as indicated in Figs. 5 and 7, and although it could be secured in one position on the side members it is preferably mounted so as to be shiftable along these members to difierent positions. Adjacent one of the members the ;opposite sides of the strap may be secured together as indicated at It by stitching or riveting adjacent one of the side members, as the member 11.,

to retain this strap on the main loop and prevent its falling ofi" in carrying, applying it to a person and so forth. This transverse strap is provided with some means for adjusting the length, such for example as a' buckle I7, and the free end is preferably provided with a grip I8 whereby it may be easily grasped and held to adjust the length of the transverse strap. A convenient method of forming this grip is to fold or roll over the free end of the strap and cement the overlapped parts together.

The straps may be made of any suitable material such for example as canvas, webbing, fiber glass or fiber glass mixed with cotton, and similar material, and preferably about two or three inches in width.

At the closed end of the loop opposite the connection l2 there may be secured a compress pad 24 at 'one side of the strap. This may be secured sufiiciently so as to be used as a pressure pad in using the strap as a tourniquet to stop serious bleeding or it could be stripped ed and applied as a separate compress or pad to a wound, or in use as a pressure pad with a tourniquet. There can also be applied to the strap a holder for-first aid articles such for example as a pocket IQ of suitable material for carrying a few articles such as compresses, bandages, a bottle .of iodine and the like, and this may have one end open and closed by a flapifl secured by a suitable snap fastener 2|.

One method of use of the device is illustrated in Figs. 1 to 4 to assist in carrying an injured or ill person. The closed end of the loop I3 car rying the pad 24 may be passed under the head and shoulders of the prone person 22 to a position across the back or shoulders and unde the armpits as indicated, and the other end of the loop passed over the shoulders of the operator 23 and around the back of his neck or upper part of the back. Then by straightening up and guiding the prone person with his hands he can lift him to an upright position and facing him, as shown in Fig. 2. The operator then moves 3 the transverse strap l5 toward the person 22 and by grasping the grip I8 can tighten it up to draw the sides Ill and II toward each other and around the body of the person 22 so that there is no danger of his slipping out of the loop.

Then the operator 23 may quickly turn around facing the opposite direction as shown in Fig. 3, with no danger of the injured person slipping out of the loop, and the operator grips either one or both of the hand grips M and can then draw them forwardly and downwardly, sliding the side straps Ill and II over his shoulders, to draw the person 22 toward him and to a position immediately at his back, and then by leaning forward,

as indicated in Fig. 4, the person 22 isdrawn onto his back and lifted oh the ground so that' toward the person being carried to retain him in he may be easily carried and will be effectively held in this position by this carrying device. The connecting pivot [2 permits the side portions of the strap to have relative turning movement so that as the grips are moved forwardly and downwardly the side-portions conform more to the size and shape of the body. After the carried person has been taken to the desired location he maybe readily returned to the prone position merely by reversing the operations above described. It is not necessary that the device be used at the shoulders, as it could be used at other parts of the body orplaced under the buttocks so that the person may be carried, in a generally seated position. v 7

It may also be used for other first aid operations.- For example, in case of serious bleeding it may be employed as a tourniquet using the compress 24 as a pressure pad over the artery and drawing the strap around the limb, and tightening by twisting with a suitable stick inserted between the sides It! and H in the proper manner, or the compress 24 could be stripped from the strap and be used as a compress on a 'wound'and held by a, suitable bandage, or be used as a pressure pad with a bandage as a tourniquet. a

The article maybe readily carried so as to be always available. Asfor example it could be carried on a hunters coat lapel, or a lifeguards bathing suit, or by soldiers and sailors'and first adders-generally, or on Boy Scout belts or coat la'p'els.- I I .lIt will be seen this makes it perfectly feasible fora single person to raise and carry another person andin comparative comfort. Also it will be seen that it is of very simple construction but is strong and will not require a great deal of space in carrying it on the person so as to have it available when needed.

Having thus set forth the nature of my invention, what I'claim is:

1. A carrier of the character described comprisinga flexible strap forming a loop of sufiicient length to be passed across the shoulders of a person to be carried and side members passing under the arms of said person and secured together at the front to form another portion to pass over the shoulders of a second person, hand grips formed forwardly of the point the side members are secured together in position to be gripped by the second person when the loop is in the carrying position over his shoulders, and an adjustable strap looped over the side members and'shiftable along these members toward the person to be carried to retain him in the loop and inthe opposite direction to permit his removal.

the loop, and hand grips at the free ends of the side members in position to be gripped by the carrying person when the loop i in the carrying position over his shoulders.

3. A carrier of the character described comprising a flexible strap forming a loop with the side members secured together adjacent their free ends, said loop being of sufiicient length to pass about the shoulders of a man to be carried and a man carrying him, a transverse strap connecting the side members and extending transversely across the loop, said transverse strap being adjustable along the side members toward the person being carried to retain him in the loop, means for adjusting the length of the transverse strap, and hand grip means at the free ends of the side members in position to be located at the front of the carrying person when the loop is in the carrying position. 7 4. A carrier of the character described comprising a flexible strap secured together adjacent its opposite free ends to form a loop of sufficient;

length to pass about the shoulders of a man to be carried and a man carrying him, the free ends of the strap being folded back upon themselves to form hand grips located in front of the carrying man when the loop is about his shoulders in the carrying position, and a transverse strap looped about the side members intermediate the ends of said loop and shiftable along said side members toward the man being carried to retain him in the loop, and means for adjusting the 1 length of said transverse strap to draw the side members toward each other.

5. A carrier of the character described comprising a flexible strap having it opposite end portions crossed and secured together forming a loop of sufficient length to pass about the shoulders of a man tov be carried and a man carrying him,

hand grips atthe ends of the strap outwardly of 7 said connection so as to be positioned in front of the carrying man when'the loop is in carrying position, a transverse strap looped about the sides of the loop and shiftalble along saidjsides, and means for adjusting the length of the-transverse strap to draw the sides of the loop toward each other to retain a man in the loop.

6. A carrier of the character described comprising a flexible strap having its opposite end portions crossed and secured together by a rivet permitting relative turning of the side members and forming a loop of sufficient length to pass about the shoulders of a man to be carried and a man carrying him, hand grips at the ends of the strap outwardly of said riveted connection, a transverse strap looped about the sides of the loop and shiftable along said sides, and means for adjusting the length of the transverse strap to draw the sides of the loop toward each other.

WILLIAM J MALONEY.

US2407714A 1943-10-15 1943-10-15 Human carrier Expired - Lifetime US2407714A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3275205A (en) * 1965-05-21 1966-09-27 James W Howd Strap for rescue, carrying, and emergency use
US5101768A (en) * 1988-08-11 1992-04-07 Charles Cates Torso harness
US5501505A (en) * 1994-09-07 1996-03-26 Jablonski; David Shoulder straps for beach chair
US6062173A (en) * 1998-07-27 2000-05-16 Heinrichs; Stephen C. Upper body harness system
US20030101944A1 (en) * 2001-12-05 2003-06-05 Heinrichs Stephen C. Multi-purpose rescue, body support, anchor and tow strap
US6655564B1 (en) * 2002-04-05 2003-12-02 Joseph Zupan Back strap
US20040225243A1 (en) * 2002-11-20 2004-11-11 Leach Janet Marilyn Multipurpose harness assembly for use in assisting a muscular-incapacitated person

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3275205A (en) * 1965-05-21 1966-09-27 James W Howd Strap for rescue, carrying, and emergency use
US5101768A (en) * 1988-08-11 1992-04-07 Charles Cates Torso harness
US5501505A (en) * 1994-09-07 1996-03-26 Jablonski; David Shoulder straps for beach chair
US6062173A (en) * 1998-07-27 2000-05-16 Heinrichs; Stephen C. Upper body harness system
US20030101944A1 (en) * 2001-12-05 2003-06-05 Heinrichs Stephen C. Multi-purpose rescue, body support, anchor and tow strap
US6655564B1 (en) * 2002-04-05 2003-12-02 Joseph Zupan Back strap
US20040225243A1 (en) * 2002-11-20 2004-11-11 Leach Janet Marilyn Multipurpose harness assembly for use in assisting a muscular-incapacitated person
US7017525B2 (en) * 2002-11-20 2006-03-28 Janet Marilyn Leach Multipurpose harness assembly for use in assisting a muscular-incapacitated person

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