US2376996A - Electrical cutout - Google Patents

Electrical cutout Download PDF

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US2376996A
US2376996A US428854A US42885442A US2376996A US 2376996 A US2376996 A US 2376996A US 428854 A US428854 A US 428854A US 42885442 A US42885442 A US 42885442A US 2376996 A US2376996 A US 2376996A
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portions
contact arm
fuse link
spaced
cutout
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US428854A
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Fox Charles Adin
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James R Kearney Corp
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James R Kearney Corp
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H9/00Details of switching devices, not covered by groups H01H1/00 - H01H7/00
    • H01H9/10Adaptation for built-in fuses
    • H01H9/102Fuses mounted on or constituting the movable contact parts of the switch

Description

May 29, 1945. c. A. Fox 2,376,996
ELECTRICAL CUT-OUT Filed Jan. 30, 1942 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 //v VEN TC B 01,421 55 AD/N Fox ATTORNEY ELECTRICAL CUT-OUT Filed Jan. 30, 1942 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORNEY Patented May 29, 1945 ELECTRICAL CUTOUT Charles Adin Fox, Oakland Village, Mo., assignmto James It. Kearney Corporation, St. Louis, Mo., a corporation of Missouri Application January 30, 1942, Serial No. 428,854
4 Claims.
' This invention relates generally to electrical cutouts and more specifically to electrical cutouts of the type that include fusible elements adapted to be ruptured as a result of passage of abnormal electrical current therethrough to interrupt the electrical circuits with which the cutouts are electrically associated, the predominant object of the invention being to provide a cutout of the type referred to above which is of extremely simple construction and arrangement and is capable of performing its intended function in a highly efficient manner.
The cutout of the present invention in general is of the type of the device disclosed in United States Letters Patent No. 2,086,028, granted on July 6, 1937, in that it includes a simple fuse link structure for providing an interruptable current path through the cutout, instead of being provided with a relatively complicated mechanical structure providing a fuse cartridge for that purpose as was true of many switches and cutouts heretofore known. However, the cutout of the present invention differs mechanically from the structure of the device of the patent referred to above because of the fact that it was designed and is intended particularly for use with electrical circuits carrying currents of higher amperages.
Fig. l is a side elevation of the improved cutout of the present invention, a portion of the fuse link thereof being shown in section.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged, fragmentary horizontal section taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a front elevation of the cutout illustrated in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged, fragmentary view, partly in elevation and partly in section, of the lower portion of the improved cutout.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged, fragmentary plan view of the outer portion or one of the contact arms of the improved cutout.
In the drawings, wherein is shown for the purpose of illustration, merely, one embodiment of the invention, A designates the improved cutout generally. The cutout A includes a suitable inaulator I formed of porcelain or other suitable electrical insulating material to which is secured a suitable bracket 2 that aids in the attachment of the cutout to a crossarm or other support.
Supported by the insulator I at the upper end thereof is an upper terminal 3 which is formed of electrical conducting material and includes a segmental cap portion 4 that embraces a part of the upper portion of the insulator I as shown in Fig. 1. At its opposite sides the portion 4 of the upper terminal 3 is provided with outstanding apertured lugs 5 through which end portions of a U-shaped rod 6 are extended, said rod 6 being drawn into embracing relation with respect to a part of the upper portion of the insulator I by nuts I which are applied to the outer ends of the rod and are jammed against the lugs 5 so as to securely clamp the upper terminal 3 to said insulator I. The upper terminal 3 includes also a head portion 8 which is formed integral with the segmental cap portion 4, and extended upwardly from said head portion is an extension 9 of elongated, loop formation, said extension 9 having electrically and mechanically attached thereto by means of a suitable connector I0 a conductor Ca which forms a part of the electrical circuit with which the cutout A is associated.
Secured to and extended outwardly from the upper terminal 3 is an upper contact, arm II which preferably, though not necessarily, is formed from a single length of heavy wire or rod of a material that is characterized by being a good conductor of electricity. At its rear end the upper contact arm II is provided with an upwardly extended loop I2 from the lower portion of which are extended a pair of parallel portions l3 of the upper contact arm, said upper contact arm being secured to the head portion 8 of the upper terminal 3 by a bolt I4 whose shank extends through the loop I2 and is seated in a screwthreaded opening formed in said head portion 8 and whose head portion engages a washer which contacts with the outer surface of the loop I2.
The outer end portion of the upper contact arm II is shaped and formed as shown to the best advantage in Fig. 5. That is to say, convergent portions I5 are extended forwardly from the outer portions of the parallel portions I8 of the upper contact arm II. These convergent portions II merge into outwardly curved portions I8 having outer legs which extend rearwardly, and said outer legs of said curved portions I8 merge into divergent portions I! which, at their rear ends, merge into inwardly curved portions I8. The curved portions ll in turn merge into forwardly extended portions I! which contact at their forward end'portions with the convergent portions I5. The outer end portion of the upper contact arm II has applied thereto a cap 20 which fixedly embraces the curved portions I 6 and adjacent portions of the upper contact arm so as to limit undue spreading of the outer end portion of said upper contact arm. Also, the material or which the upper contact arm is formed is possessed of resiliency which tends to force the outer end portions of the portions is into close contact with the convergent portions i5 and therefore when portions of fuse links are drawn into the tapered crotches 2| between said portions i9 and adJacent portions of the parallel legs 13, as will be hereinafter explained, said fuse link portions will move the forward parts of the portions l9 away from the portions I! so as to cause the fuse link portions to be securely gripped between the portions I9 and adjacent parts of the parallel portions I3.
Supported by the lower portion of the insulator i is a lower terminal which comprises a member 22 provided with an arcuate face 23 that contacts with a portion of the outer surface of said insulator l. The member 22 is provided with upper and lower strengthening webs 24 and with a pair of outwardly extended, horizontally spaced arms 23. Also, the member 22 is secured to the insulator I through the instrumentality of connecting means of the type disclosed by United States Letters Patent No. 2,140,904, granted on December 20, 1938, said connecting means comprising a bolt 26 which passes through an opening formed through the member 22 and through an alined opening formed through the wall of the hollow insulator i. A washer 21, is engaged by the inner face of the head of the bolt 23, and a nut 28 is mounted on the inner, screwthreaded end portion of the bolt, said nut contacting with a washer 29 of substantially V-shape formation which is interposed between said nut and a portion of the inner face of the wall of the insulator I, Interposed between the washer 21 and a forward face of the member 22 is the upper looped portion of a spring 30, said spring including portions 31 which extend downwardly from said upper, looped portion, a pair of coiled portions 32 at the lower end of the spring, and portions 33 that extend upwardly from said coiled portions and which are free for movement at their upper ends. It is obvious that the bolt, washer, and nut assembly 28-48-29 serves the dual purpose of securing the spring 30 in place and connecting the lower terminal to the insulator l the resilient washer 29 acting to absorb strains which in the absence of said washer might crack the material of the insulator.
The lower terminal member 22 has formed thereon a downwardly and rearwardly extended element 34 of loop formation which serves as a means for electrically and mechanically connecting to the cutout a conductor Cb which forms a part of the electrical circuit with which the cutout is associated. Connection of the conductor Cb to the element 34 is effected through the use of a suitable connector 35 which embraces a portion of said element and a portion of said conductor.
Pivotally attached to the lower terminal member 22 is a lower contact arm 36 which includes a member 31 that is located at the rear end of said lower contact arm. The member 31 is provided with rearwardly extended, spaced apart arms 38 that are disposed in overlapping relation with respect to the spaced arms 23 of the member 22 which provides the lower terminal. The member 31 of the lower contact arm 33 is pivotally attached to the member 22 of the lower terminal by a pivot pin 39 which is extended through apertures formed through the spaced arms 23 of the member 22 and the spaced arms 33 of the member 31, said pivot pin preferably being upset at its opposite ends so as to retain it in place.
Also, a torsional coil spring 43 is arranged in embracing relation with respect to the pivot pin 83 which tends to swing the member 31 downwardly and rearwardly about the pivot pin 33, one end of said torsional coil spring ensuing over one of the spaced arms 23 of the lower terminal member 22 and the other endof said torsional coil spring engaging over a portion of the member 31 to effect such pivotal movement of said member 31. In addition to the force exerted by the torsional coil spring 43 which tends to rotate the member 31, parts of the portions 33 of the spring 33 contact with the rear end of an extension 4| formed on said member 31. The upper end portions of the portions 33 of the spring 33 tend to move outwardly and therefore an outwardly directed force is exerted by said spring portions 33 against the extension 4| which likewise tends to swing the member 31 outwardly and downwardly about the pivot pin 39. Additionally, it is important to note that the spring 33 is in shunt with the pivotal Joint provided between the spaced arms 23 of the terminal member 22 and the member 31 by the pivot pin 33, and that the upstanding portions 33 of said spring 33 make point pressure contact with the extension 4| of said member 31. Because of this arrangement a superior conductive path is provided for energy passing between the lower contact arm 33 and the terminal member 22.
The forward portion of the member 31 f the lower contact arm 33 is narrower than the portion of said member which provides the spaced arms 33, and the extension 4| IS a continuation of said narrower, forward portion which is raised slightly above the upper edges of the spaced arms 33. Also, the forward, narrower portion of the member 31 is provided with downwardly projected flanges 42 which extend longitudinally at opposite sides thereof. The forward portion 43 of the lower contact arm 33 follows very closely the arrangement of the upper contact arm I I. In other words, the forward portion 43 of said lower contact arm is formed from a single length of heavy wire or rod shaped to provide a loop 44 at the rear end of said arm portion from which substantially parallel, forwardly projected portions 45 are extended. The arm portion 43 is secured to the member 31 by a bolt and nut assembly 43, the bolt 0! which extends through an opening formed through the loop 44 at the rear end of said arm portion 43, the loop 44 being disposed between the flanges 42 of the forward portion of the member 31. The outer end portion of the lower contact arm 36 is formed in accordance with the arrangement of the outer end of the upper contact arm II, which arrangement is clearly shown in Fig. 5.
The improved cutout includes a fuse link F which comprises a pair of flexible cables 43 and 41 which are provided at their outer ends with suitable eyes 43' and 41'. The cables 43 and 41 are spaced apart at their inner ends and arranged in electrical connection with said cables and disposed in the space between the spaced To assemble the fuse link F with the cutout the cable 41 of the fuse link is drawn deep in one.
asram or other of the crotches of the lower' contact arm which correspond to the crotches II of the upper' contact arm and as a result a portion corresponding to a portion is of the upper contact arm which is located at a side of the crotch employed to receive the fuse link cable will engage said fuse link cable so that it is gripped between said portion and a portion of the adjacent contact arm portion which corresponds to a portion ii of the upper contact arm. The fuse link is applied to the lower contact arm as described with the aid of a suitable tool in the form of a stick having a finger which is extended through the eye 46' at the upper end of the fuse link. With the finger of the stick still in engagement with-th eye it of the fuse link, said fuse link is moved upwardly toward the upper contact arm Ii thereby moving the lower contact arm from the position in which it is shown by dotted lines in Fig. 4 to the elevated position in which said lower contact arm is shown by full lines in Fig. 1. When the fuse link has been elevated to the proper degree the cable 48 of said fuse link is drawn deep in one or the other of the crotches 2| of upper contact arm I i where it will be engaged and gripped between the associated portions I9 and it of said upper contact arm as previously explained. The finger of the stick is then disengaged from the eye 46 of the fuse link and the cutout is in a fused condition and ready for use.
When, in the use of the improved cutout, a fault occurs in the circuit with which the cutout is associated which is of a character to blow the fuse link, the fusible element 48 of the fuse link F will be ruptured. This will free the lower contact arm 38 from the restraint imposed thereon by the unruptured fuse link with the result, that the coil spring 30 and the torsional spring ii will swing the outer end portion of said lower contact arm 36 rapidly in a downwardly, extended arc of a cirale to the position in which said lower contact arm is shown by dotted lines in Fig. 4. The described downward movement of the lower contact arm 36 will quickly pull the ruptured ends of the fusible element 48 apart whereby an are formed between said ruptured ends of said fusible element will be extinguished within the tube 49 of the fuse link.
It is important to note that the lateral gripping action to which portions of the cables 48 and 41 of the fuse link F are subjected by the portions i9 and ll of the upper contact arm ii and by corresponding portions of the lower contact arm 38, provide good electrical connection between said upper and lower contact arms and the fuse link F. As a result of this situation it is not necessary to subject the fuse link to excessive tension in order to obtain the desired good electrical connection between the fuse link and the upper and lower contact arms as would be the case if it were necessary to draw the buttons a and 41a, or similar elements, at the outer ends of the cables 46 and 41 into close contact with the upper and lower contact arms to obtain proper electrical connection between said contact arms and the fuse link.
I claim:
1. An electrical cutout comprising a supporting structure including spaced terminals, spaced contact arms associated respectively with said spaced terminals, pivot means for attaching one of said contact arms to the terminal with which it is associated for pivotal movement, spring means for subjecting said pivotally supported contact arm to pivotal movement, said spring means being characterized by being formed of material which is a good conductor of electrical energy and forming a part of the direct current path between the pivotally supported contact arm and its supportin: terminal, and said spring means comprising a substantiallyvertically disposed resilient element of substantially U-shaped formation a portion of which is secured to the terminal with which said pivotally supported contact arm is associated and another portion of which contacts with a portion of said pivotally supported contact arm and exerts a force thereagainst which is directed tangentially of said pivot means, a torsional coil spring which embraces said pivot means and aids said spring means in subjecting said pivotally supported contact arm to pivotal movement, and a fuse link engaged by outer end portions of said contact arms and maintained under tension by the tendency of said spring means and said torsional coil spring to subject said pivotally supported contact arm to pivotal movement.
2. An electrical cutout comprising a supporting structure including spaced terminals, spaced contact arms associated respectively with said spaced terminals, one of said spaced contact arms being adapted for movement toward and away from the other of said spaced contact arms, each of said spaced contact arms being formed from resilient material shaped to provide a forwardly extended portion, a portion which extends rearwardly from the outer end of said forwardly extended portion, and a forwardly projected gripping portion which is disposed between said forwardly extended portion and said rearwardly extended portion for resilient movement toward and from said forwardly extended portion, and a fuse link engaged by the outer end portions of said contact arms and maintained under tension by the tendency of said movable contact arm to move in a direction away from the other contact arm, said fuse link having portions which are gripped between said forwardly extended portions of the contact arms and said forwardly'projected gripping portions thereof.
3. An electrical cutout comprising a supporting structure including spaced terminals, spaced contact arms associated respectively with said spaced terminals, one of said spaced contact arms being adapted for movement toward and away from the other of said spaced contact arms, each of said spaced contact arms being formed from resilient material shaped to provide a pair of substantially parallel forwardly extended portions, portions which extend rearwardly from the outer ends of said forwardly extended portions, and forwardly extended gripping portions which are disposed between said forwardly extended portions and said rearwardly extended portions for resilient movement toward and from said forwardly extended portions, and a fuse link engaged by the outer end portions of said contact arms and maintained under tension by the tendency of said movable contact arm to move in a direction away from the other contact arm, said fuse link having portions each of which is gripped between one or the other of said associated forwardly extended portions and forwardly projected gripping portions of each of said contact arms.
4. An electrical cutout comprising a supporting structure including spaced terminals, spaced contact arms associated respectively with said spaced terminals, one of said spaced contact arms being adapted for movement toward and away from the other of said spaced contact arms, each of said spaced contact arms being formed from a single iengthof resilient material shaped to provide a pair of substantially parallel forwardly extended portions, portions which extend rearwardiy from the outer ends of said forwardly extended portions, and forwardly extended grippin: portions which are disposed between said forwardly extended portions and said rearward- 1y extended portions for resilient movement toward and from said forwardly extended pormenace tiona. a fuse link engaged by the outer end portiona ofaaid contact arms and maintained under tension by the tendency of said movable contact arm to move in a direction away from the other contact arm. said {use link havin portions each of which is :ripped between one or the other of said aaeooiated forwardly extended'portiona and forwardiy'projected :rip-' pin: portions of'e'ach of said contact arms, and a cap applied'to the outer end of each contact arm to prevent undue spreading thereof.
1 CHARLIE ADIN FOX.
US428854A 1942-01-30 1942-01-30 Electrical cutout Expired - Lifetime US2376996A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2490952A (en) * 1946-05-13 1949-12-13 Line Material Co Combined lightning arrester and fuse construction
US2512498A (en) * 1946-10-23 1950-06-20 Chance Co Ab Electrical fused cutout
US2558956A (en) * 1947-12-19 1951-07-03 Chance Co Ab Fused cutout of the exposed link type
US2648737A (en) * 1949-06-23 1953-08-11 Westinghouse Electric Corp Fuse cutout
US3958205A (en) * 1974-12-23 1976-05-18 A. B. Chance Company Open link total range fault interrupter

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2490952A (en) * 1946-05-13 1949-12-13 Line Material Co Combined lightning arrester and fuse construction
US2512498A (en) * 1946-10-23 1950-06-20 Chance Co Ab Electrical fused cutout
US2558956A (en) * 1947-12-19 1951-07-03 Chance Co Ab Fused cutout of the exposed link type
US2648737A (en) * 1949-06-23 1953-08-11 Westinghouse Electric Corp Fuse cutout
US3958205A (en) * 1974-12-23 1976-05-18 A. B. Chance Company Open link total range fault interrupter

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