US2342597A - Door operating mechanism - Google Patents

Door operating mechanism Download PDF

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US2342597A
US2342597A US445691A US44569142A US2342597A US 2342597 A US2342597 A US 2342597A US 445691 A US445691 A US 445691A US 44569142 A US44569142 A US 44569142A US 2342597 A US2342597 A US 2342597A
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Prior art keywords
switch
relay
doors
circuit
solenoid
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US445691A
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Opalek Charles
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Opalek Charles
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F15/00Power-operated mechanisms for wings
    • E05F15/60Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators
    • E05F15/603Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors
    • E05F15/611Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors for swinging wings
    • E05F15/63Power-operated mechanisms for wings using electrical actuators using rotary electromotors for swinging wings operated by swinging arms
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F17/00Special devices for shifting a plurality of wings operated simultaneously
    • E05F17/004Special devices for shifting a plurality of wings operated simultaneously for wings which abut when closed
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2201/00Constructional elements; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/40Motors; Magnets; Springs; Weights; Accessories therefore
    • E05Y2201/43Motors
    • E05Y2201/434Electromotors; Details thereof
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2400/00Electronic control; Power supply; Power or signal transmission; User interfaces
    • E05Y2400/10Electronic control
    • E05Y2400/44Sensors therefore
    • E05Y2400/445Switches
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2800/00Details, accessories and auxiliary operations not otherwise provided for
    • E05Y2800/73Single use of elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/13Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof characterised by the type of wing
    • E05Y2900/132Doors

Description

Feb. 22, 1944. c. OPALEK DOOR OPERATING MECHANISM vFiled June 4, 1942 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 R O T N E V m 6 472455 OPALk ATTORNEY Feb. 22, 1944. c. OPALEK DOOR OPERATING MECHANISM Filed June 4, 1942 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 W mm E W wmm. m! r; a
Patented Feb. 22, 1944 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE DOOR OPERATING MECHANISM Charles Opalck, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Application June 4, 1942, Serial No. 445,691 (Cl. 172-239) 3 Claims.
The automatic door operating mechanism of this invention is of especial utility in opening and closing garage doors in that it enables the operator to open or close the doors from a position in the car outside the garage, but the advantages are of general application to single or double doors which are hinged.
The door actuating mechanism is designed to aiford the most eflicient leverage and to lock the doors securely in open and closed positions. In the type of mechanical construction which is preferred and which is used for illustration, an electric motor through a reduction gearing including a worm and worm wheel operates a toggle which connects the worm wheel shaft with the door, and the design is such that in both open and closed position the three pivots are in a straight line. If there are two doors the worm shaft is continued across the door opening and has two worms operating two worm wheels, each connected to its individual door. By well known means the length of the worm shaft may be adiustable to accommodate doors of different size.
The electric motor is preferably of the split phase type having two windings one of which is used for reversing the direction of rotation of the motor. The controlling circuit for the motor therefore includes separate contacts for the two windings, those for the one winding being unidirectional and those for the other winding being selectively operable to reverse the connections with the power leads. Selector relays govern the function of the reversing contacts and the energization of these relays is selectively controlled by a reversing switch operated by the door closing mechanism. A transformer furnishes the low voltage current for the selector relays.
The operation is imtiated by a manual switch such as a push button. This energizes an elec taro-magnet which ,closes other contacts for the selector relays and thus connects the relays to the secondary of the transformer, but the push button shunts the selector relays so long as it is closed. Since the electro-magnet is in series with the selector relays when the contacts governed by it are closed, the electro-magnet remains energized when the button is'released.
As will be seen, one advantage of this is the fact that the doors may be stopped at any intermediate position by merely Dushing the button. In practice several conveniently located push buttons connected in parallel control the energization of the electro-magnet and the shunting of the selector relays.
A convenient form of reversible switch is a double mercury switch, one being closed when the other is open. The switch may be operated by a rod that is reciprocated with the movement of the door, the actuation being imparted to it just at the end of the door movement. This sets up the circuit so that the motor will always run in the right direction when a button is pushed.
There are many additional advantages in the door operating mechanism of this invention which will appear from the following particular description of the construction illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a portion of a building including a pair of hinged doors to which the invention is. applied, and the adjacent section of the driveway with a post having an operating button in a lock box mounted thereon.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged section of the box.
Fig. 3 is a sectional elevation of the same on line 3-3 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a horizontal section through the doors showing the doors open and a bottom plan view of the operating mechanism as viewed by one standing in the doorway and looking up and as indicated by the line 4-4 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a view the same as Fig. 4 but showing the doors closed and the operating parts correspondingly positioned.
Fig. 6 is an enlargement partially in section of the operating mechanism as shown in the left side of Fig. 4.
Fig. 'I is a sectional elevation on the broken line 1-1 of Fig. 6.
Fig. 8 is a detail in plan of the switch operating crank and associated parts, the parts being in the closed position of the door.
Fig. 9 is a detail in elevation of the mercury switch and immediately adjacent parts, the switch being reversed from the position shown in Fig. 7.
Fig. 10 is a sectional plan on line I 0--I0 of Fig. 8.
Figs. 11 and 12 are wiring diagrams, the parts in Fig. 11 being in the position they occupy when the doors are open, and in Fig. 12 the position they occupy when the doors are closed and one of the control buttons is closed.
The doors I and 2 are hinged and open outwardly. Three operating buttons numbered 3, l and 5 are shown. though obviously this number will be suited to the particular needs. The button 3 is on a post alongside the driveway and for safety sake is shown in a lock box 6, the box being shown open in Fig. 1. Consistently of course the button 4 which is also outside the building should be similarly safeguarded. If desired instead of enclosing in a lock box the switch may be key operated. The button 5 is located on a wall inside the building. v
The operating mechanism is preferably supported at the top of the door frame upon plates I and I, one near each door, as shown. An electric motor 9 and a gear box l0 are supported upon the plate 1, and another gear box I I, similar to the gear box I0, is supported upon the plate 8. The motor drives a worm shaft [2 through reduction gearing consisting of a pinion I! on the motor shaft, an idler I4 and a gear IS on the worm shaft. In each gear box is a worm wheel 18 keyed on shaft H which has bearings in the top and bottom of the gear box. The worm shaft l2 has a worm I! on it engaging each worm wheel. A coupling joint I! of standard construction in the worm shaft makes its length adjustable to suit different widths of doors.
The worm wheels l8 are operatively connected to their respective doors through toggles, as shown. These toggles consist of two arms 20 and 2| pivotally joined at one end and their opposite ends attached the one to the worm wheel "shaft l1 and the other to the door. The rotation of the shaft I! therefore operates the toggle to open and close the door. Thetoggle and operating mechanism are so designed that the three pivot points are-in a lineboth when the door is' open and closed, as appears from Figs. 4 and 5. This assures positive locked condition in both positions. The worm drive is irreversible and the doors are therefore securely braced against an extraneous closing force. such as the wind.
Through the reversing switch the door stops the motor and sets the circuit in position to cause the motor to turn in the opposite direction when a button is pushed, at the instant when the toggle arms are in line. This is controlled through a crank member 22 loosely pivoted on a hub on the arm 20 and having a cut-away portion to providea lost motion effect in the relative movements of the arm and crank. A pin 23 on the arm 20 is positioned to strike the shoulders formed by the cut-away, the effective positions of which are made adjustable by means of screws 24 that engage in outwardly disposed lugs coinciding with the shoulders. A crank arm 22a has a ball and socket joint connection with one end of a rod 25 the other end of which has an eye and pin connection with an arm 26 of a double mercury switch 21 pivoted on a bracket 28 on the plate I. The slot or eye in the end of the rod 25 allows for a degree of lost motion, and a spring 29 attached at one end to the bracket arm 28 in line with the pivot of the switch, and at its other end to the pin in the eye, causes the switch to snap over center.
The arm 20 is keyed to the shaft l1 and is held in place by a washer and nut, as shown. The spacing is such that the crank member 22 is suffiolently loose to .rotate freely. In the closed condition in which the arms 20 and 2| are folded, as appears in Fig. 5, the arms must be spaced to allow for the projecting end of the shaft I with the washer and nut thereon. A suitable spacer at the pivot joint of the arms is provided for this purp se.
The mercury switch 21 has two switch elements- A and B oppositely disposed so that one is on open contact when the other is closed. In the position shown in Fig. 7 the switch element B has its contacts closed, and in the position shown in Fig. 9 the element A has its contacts closed.
The electric circuit is shown in t e diagrams A and B respectively control selector relays 30 and L 3|. Each of these operates three normall open contacts and one normally closed contact. The.
normally open or front contacts of relay 3! are numbered 30a, 30b and 300, and the normally closed or back contact is numbered 30d. The corresponding contacts of relay 3| are numbered 3 la, 3lb, 3lc and 3|d, respectively. tacts control the energization of the two windings of the motor 9, namely, the reversing winding 9a and the unidirectional winding 9b.. Each back contact is in circuit with the other solenoid winding and hence the energizing of one solenoid cuts the other one out.
The leads of winding 9a are connected in parallel across contacts 30b, 3: and 300 and 3lc. The leads of winding 3b are connected across the power leads 32 and 33 through contacts 30a and 31a in parallel, th flxed contacts of which are both connected with the lead 32.
The connection of the fixed contacts of contacts 30b and 300 with the power leads are reversed relative to those of contacts 3Ib and 3lc. Therefore if solenoid 30 is energized the motor winding 9a is energized out of phase with its energization when solenoid 3! is energized.
The selector relays are energized by a stepdown transformer 34. Their connection with the secondary of the transformer includes contacts 30c and 3 le, respectively, which coact jointly with armature 35a of electromagnet 35 which may be termed the initiating relay. to close the circuit. Therefore in order for the selector relays to be energized the relay 35 must be energized. As shown the armature 35a acts mechanically to move contact 3le into engagement with contact 30c, and thus when the armature is attracted the two selector relays are in parallel circuit with armature 350. which is conductive and connected into the low voltage circuit, as will app ar.
The relay 35 is energized by pushing any one of the push buttons 3, 4 and 5. These are connected in parallel in circuit with the secondary of the transformer and the winding of relay 3'5, and in shunt with the circuit of selector relays 30 and 3|. .It will be seen that these two circuits branch at the'points a: and 1 Therefore when a button switch is closed the selector relay circuit the mercury contact of which is closed, is set up but is short circuited by the closed button switch so long as the button is held in. Upon release of the button the particular selector relay picks up and energizes the two motor windings. The motor runs and operates the doors until the mercury switch is reversed.
It is apparent that if it be desired to stop the doors in an intermediate position, this can be done by merely pushing a button which shortcircuits the selector relay that is then controlling. When the cause for stopping the movement of the doors has ceased, the button is released and the motor resumes its movement in the same direction.
Fig. 11 shows the condition when the system is entirely deenergized and the motor circuits are open. The mercury switch is in the position it occupies when the doors are open.
In Fig. 12 the mercury switch is reversed and hence the doors are closed. The mercury contact element A is on contact. This is the one that governs relay 30.
The initiating circuit is indicated by dotted line as having been closed at button 3. This circuit comprises the secondary of transformer 34,
The front conwire I6, winding 35. wire 31, wire ll, button I, and wire 39 back to the transformer. This causes armature 35a to be attracted and to make parallel contact with selector relay circuit contacts 30c and Me. This sets up the circuit of relay ll from points a: and y as follows: from point a: through armature 35a, contact 30c, back contact Sid, winding of relay 30, wire 40, mercury switch contact A, common wire ll back to point 1!. From these points the transformer secondary and the winding of relay 35 are incircuit in shunt with button 3, and hence the relay 3. does not become energized until the button is released.
This release energizes relay 3| and the contacts are attracted as shown in Fig. 12. This connects the motor winding into the power circuit in the manner above described.
With the doors open and the mercury switch element B closed, as shown in Fig. 11, the pushing of a button sets up the circuit of selector relay 3l in the following manner: from point a: through armature 35a, contact 3le, backcontact 30d, winding of relay 3|, wire 42, contact B, and common wire 4| back to point 11.
Thus there is provided a simple and reliable control system that has few operating parts and is inexpensive, and is entirely safe in its operation. Also the mechanics of the door operating mechanism make it simple but at the same time thoroughly dependable and eificient in its operation.
If desired suitable means'may be provided for quickly detaching the automatic mechanism from the doors, in case there is need to move the doors independently, and such means will readily suggest themselves.
It is obvious that changes may be made in the construction shown in the drawings and above particularly described within the principle and scope of the invention.
I claim:
1. Operating mechanism comprising a reversible electric motor, two contact devices adapted alternatively to connect the motor to power leads in respectively reverse relation, a solenoid relay in control of. each contact device, a reversible switch alternatively connectible each solenoid relay winding, a normally open conwith one side of tact in each relay circuit, a step-down transformer, a solenoid, an armature actuated thereby operative to close the said contacts, means including a manual switch electrically connecting the solenoid in circuit with the low voltage winding of the transformer, the armature being adapted to connect the two contacts conductively to one side of the manual switch, and means electrically connecting the reversible switch to the other side of the manual switch.
2. An electrical control system comprising a reversible electric motor, a source of electric current, two contact devices adapted alternatively to connect the motor to the current source in respectively reverse direction, a solenoid relay in control of each contact device, a solenoid, means including a manually operative switch connecting the solenoid winding in circuit with the current source, a reversible switch alternately connectible with one side of each solenoid relay winding and connected to one side of the switch in the solenoid circuit, means including a normally open contact for connecting the other side of the solenoid relay winding in parallel with the other side of the switch in the solenoid circuit, and an armature actuated by the solenoid to close the normally open contact.
3. An electrical control system comprising a reversible electric motor, a source of alternating electric current, two contact devices adapted alternatively to connect the motor to the current source in respectively reverse direction, a solenoid relay in control of each contact device, a step-down transformer connected to the current source, a solenoid in series circuit with the low voltage winding of the transformer, a manually operative switch in the solenoid circuit, a reversible switch alternately connectible with one side of each solenoid relay winding and connected to one side of the switch in the solenoid circuit, means including a normally open contact for connecting the other side of the two solenoid relay windings in parallel to the other side of the switch in the solenoid circuit, and an armature actuated by the solenoid to close the normally open contact.
CHARLES OPALEK.
US445691A 1942-06-04 1942-06-04 Door operating mechanism Expired - Lifetime US2342597A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2476111A (en) * 1945-07-07 1949-07-12 Opalek Charles Mechanism for automatic stopping and reversal of electromechanically operated doors
US2558032A (en) * 1948-11-22 1951-06-26 Vendo Co Electric control for door opening and closing mechanisms
US2611888A (en) * 1950-01-07 1952-09-23 Teletronics Lab Inc Reversible electric control system
US2618797A (en) * 1947-08-05 1952-11-25 Donald P Grover Reversing means for electrical rotary toothbrushes
US2676294A (en) * 1947-11-13 1954-04-20 Eastern Ind Inc Electric motor system for garage doors
US2684239A (en) * 1951-06-25 1954-07-20 Jr William O Gaffney Automatic window control
US2695781A (en) * 1950-08-28 1954-11-30 Wark James Gordon Automatic door operating mechanism
US2757327A (en) * 1953-03-09 1956-07-31 Francis V Spronz Motor control for door operation
US2831535A (en) * 1953-12-28 1958-04-22 Peabody Engineering Corp Fuel burner
US2999716A (en) * 1956-12-21 1961-09-12 Jack Breslav Rollover grabs

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2476111A (en) * 1945-07-07 1949-07-12 Opalek Charles Mechanism for automatic stopping and reversal of electromechanically operated doors
US2618797A (en) * 1947-08-05 1952-11-25 Donald P Grover Reversing means for electrical rotary toothbrushes
US2676294A (en) * 1947-11-13 1954-04-20 Eastern Ind Inc Electric motor system for garage doors
US2558032A (en) * 1948-11-22 1951-06-26 Vendo Co Electric control for door opening and closing mechanisms
US2611888A (en) * 1950-01-07 1952-09-23 Teletronics Lab Inc Reversible electric control system
US2695781A (en) * 1950-08-28 1954-11-30 Wark James Gordon Automatic door operating mechanism
US2684239A (en) * 1951-06-25 1954-07-20 Jr William O Gaffney Automatic window control
US2757327A (en) * 1953-03-09 1956-07-31 Francis V Spronz Motor control for door operation
US2831535A (en) * 1953-12-28 1958-04-22 Peabody Engineering Corp Fuel burner
US2999716A (en) * 1956-12-21 1961-09-12 Jack Breslav Rollover grabs

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