US2339750A - Time delay circuit - Google Patents

Time delay circuit Download PDF

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Publication number
US2339750A
US2339750A US38810541A US2339750A US 2339750 A US2339750 A US 2339750A US 38810541 A US38810541 A US 38810541A US 2339750 A US2339750 A US 2339750A
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Prior art keywords
contacts
circuit
relay
winding
time delay
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Frederick E Bartholy
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Westinghouse Electric Co LLC
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Westinghouse Electric Co LLC
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03KPULSE TECHNIQUE
    • H03K17/00Electronic switching or gating, i.e. not by contact-making or -braking
    • H03K17/28Modifications for introducing a time delay before switching
    • H03K17/288Modifications for introducing a time delay before switching in tube switches

Description

Jan. 25', 1944. YBARTHOLY 2,339,750

TIME DELAY CIRCUIT Filed April 11, 1941 sq Q:

WITNESSES: INVENTOR a e ngkffiarf/vay M. 4 a 'ATTOI'QNEY Patented 25, 1944 TIME DELAY CIRCUIT Frederick Bartholy, Wilkinsburg, Pm, assignmto Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company, East Pittsburgh, 2a., a corporation of Pennsylvania Application April 11, 1941, Serial No. 388,105

scale.

This invention relates to electrical relay circuits and more particularly to a time delay circuit operating in connection therewith.

In electrical and industrial operations sensitive relay devices are frequently employed for indicating the occurrence of certain phenomena. For example, capacity operated relays or photoelectric devices are used to indicate the presence or the passing of different objects, by the control of lights or by sounding an alarm. It is often desirable that the effect produced by the energization of the sensitive relay or the photocell be prolonged, particularly if the energize.- tion is of a very short duration.

In the control of lights for display purposes or in the sounding of alarms used in protective installations the control efiect may only be momentary such as the passing of a person in front of a show window, etc. If lights are to be lit or an alarm is to he sounded, it is necessary to provide means'whereby the above effects are produced not only during the energization or. the

relay system while the presence of the person the desired effect is produced within the predetermined time interval energization of the sys tem during such time will not interfere with its operation until and immediately after receptive condition is restored.

An advantage of the system in accordance with this invention is that the system may be restored at any time during operation to a receptive condition without interfering with the predetermined time for the ensuing operation.

The invention contemplates a circuit arrangement of a time delay device in combination with a sensitive relay whereby the actuation of the relay closes the circuit and simultaneously initiates the operation of the time delay device. The

' circuit is automatically held closed until the time delay device ceases to function whereupon the circuit is automatically opened and the time delay device restored. Means are provided for restoring the system at will at any time during the function of the time delay device to its starting condition without interfering with the predetermined time intervals of successive operations.

Other features and advantages will be apparent from the following description of the invention, pointed out in particularity by the appended claims, and taken in connection with the accompanying drawing in which the single figure diagrammatically illustrates an embodiment of the invention applied to a sensitive relay of the capacity operated type.

The sensitive relay to which this invention is applied in the grid-glow tube described in U. S. Patent No. 2,062,269 to Dewey D. Knowles. While the circuit in accordance with this invention is particularly applicable to relays of this type, it is to be understood that it may be applied to all types of relays such as those operating from a photoelectric cell or other sensitive devices.

Referring to the drawing, the sensitive relay portion of the circuit includes the relay i having a winding 2 and contacts 3 and 3'. The winding 2 is in series with a current limiting re sistor 4, the secondary winding 5 of the transformer t and the space current path of the grid glow tube i. The latter includes as elements an anode t, which may be grounded as shown,

a cathode 9 and a control electrode It. A conductor ii is shown connected to the control elec-=- trode it and a condenser 82 is connected between the last mentioned electrode and the cathode 9. The primary winding E3 of the transformer d is connected by means of conductors Ml and it to a source of current as indicated. The transformer it may also have a third winding it which may be utilized for supplying the heating current for the vacuum tube 32 to be described later.

The operation of the capacitive relay is fully described in the patent above-mentioned. For the complete understanding of this invention, it will suflice to say that relay i will be actuated when there is a capacitive unbalance between the anode and control electrode capacitance and between the capacitance formed by the condenser ii! of the glow tube i. The capacity between control electrode l0 and the anode 8 is an inherent one formed by the capacity of the conductor ii to ground, whereas the balancing capacity is that of the condenser l2. The latter is usually ad- Justed until both capacities are of substantially equal value, in which case the glow tube l is inoperative and no current fiows through the winding 2 of the relay 0. A change of the ca= pacity between the conductor and ground, such as caused by the presence of an object or a body. will unbalance the existing capacitive relation and the glow tube becomes conductive and the space current will energize the relay winding 2. A condenser l8 shunts the winding 2 in order. to supply current to the winding at each half cycle of alternating current when the glow tube is non-conducting.

In accordance with this invention, the circuit energized by the closure of the contacts 3 and 3' not only energizes a desired utilization circuit or load elements, shown here by way of example as the lamps I8, but also maintains this energization for a predetermined time irrespective of whether the contacts 3 and 3' remain closed or open during this period. To this end, the winding 2| of the electromagnetic switch is so connected that the circuit to conductors 4 and I4 is completed through the contacts 22 and 22' of a reset switch 23, the contacts 24 and 24' of a relay 25 and through conductor 25. The switch 20 has a plurality of contacts of which 28 and 28 short circuit the contacts 3 and 3' upon closure, 29 and 29 complete the connection of the lamps l8 to the conductor l4, and 30 and 30' connect the conducto I4, when closed, to the grid 3| of an electron discharge device 32. The latter may be of the type including a rectifier portion comprising an anode 33 and cathode 34 and a tetrode portion comprising the cathode 35, control grid 3|, screen grid 36 and the anode 31. This type of tube, due to its compactness, is suitable for the application here intended, although other tubes may as well be used, and it is not necessary that the rectifier portion and the tetrode portion be in one envelope.

The rectifier portion is utilized to provide direct current potential for the elements of the tetrode portion and is connected between conductors l4 and I4 in series with a load resistor 38, which is shunted by a filter condenser 39 of suitable size. The cathode is connected to a point on the load resistor 38. The anode 31 is connected in series with the winding 40 of the relay 25 to the cathode 34, which is the highest positive potential. of the rectified voltage output. The screen grid 35 is also connected to this point. The potential for the anode supply will be in effeet the portion of the resistor designated by the letter A between the cathode 34 and the cathode 35 where as the portion between the conductor l4 and the cathode 35 designated by the letter B will be of a potential more negative than the cathode 35. Consequently, the 7 connection through the contacts 30 and 38' will place the grid 3| at a potential which is negative with respect to the cathode 35. The grid 3| is also connected through a resistance capacity network comprising the resistor 4| shunted by the condenser 42 to the cathode 35.

Describing the operation of the relay circuit, let it be assumed that capacitive balance exists so that the glow tube is deenergized and the contacts 3 and 3' are open. Under such conditions the switch 20 is in the position shown in the figure, the winding 2| being deenergized inasmuch as the circuit is open to conductor H by the contacts 3 and 3 of the relay i, and also by the contacts 28 and 28' of the switch 20. Only contacts 30 and 30' are closed whereby the grid 3| is connected to the negative terminal of the anode supply source, that is, the resistor 38. The voltage drop across portion B of the resistor 38 is so chosen that the grid is biased sufilciently negative to reduce the plate current flow either to zero or such a small value which will not energize the winding 40 of the relay 25. The contacts 24 and 24' of the latter are, normally, closed similarly as the contacts 22 and 22' of the push button switch 23. The load circuit to be controlled comprising the lamps I8 is deenergized from the line H and I4 due to the open contacts 29 and 29' of the switch 20. The entire system is at rest.

A momentarily unbalance due to a capacitive change between the electrodes I0 and 8 of the glow tube I will cause closure of the relay bridging the contacts 3 and 3'. Instantaneously the winding 2| becomes energized and contacts 28 and 28' close the circuit permanently to the winding 2| so that further opening of the contacts 3 and 3 have no efiect as far as the switch 20 is concerned, which now being energized directly from the line. Simultaneously the contacts 29 and 29' are also closed and the lamps l8 are now supplied with current from the conductors l4 and H. The closure of contacts 28 and 28' and 29 and 29 is accompanied by the opening of contacts 30 and 30', whereby the grid 3| is disconnected from the negative side of the supply source. The grid circuit is now completed to the cathode 35 through the resistor 4|. The latter in combination with the condenser 42 provides the necessary time constant since the charge accumulated by the condenser 42 when the contacts 30 and 30' were closed must first discharge through the resistor 4|, and until such time as the discharge takes place there is a negative bias on the grid 3|. The time of discharge of the condenser can be regulated by the slider 45 of the resistor 4| which will vary the effective resistance through which the capacity 42 must discharge. As the condenser discharges the negative bias on the grid 3| will be progressively diminished and plate current of the tube 32 will correspondingly ri e until a value is reached which is suflicient to actuate the winding 40 of the relay 25 which will open the contacts 24 and 24'. When these contacts are opened the winding 2| of th switch 20 is deenergized being disconnected .i'rom the conductor l4 and the switch will resume the position shown in the drawing, closing the contacts 30 and 30' and opening the others. Closure of these contacts instantaneously puts a negative bias on the grid 3|. The opening of the other contacts disconnects the short circuit of the contacts 3 and 3' and removes the load circuit from the line H and I4. 'The system is again at rest until successive action of the glow tube repeats the operating cycle. The delay circuit may at any time be reset to its starting position by the push-button switch 23 which opens the circuit to the winding 20 in the same manner as does the relay 25.

In a practical embodiment of the invention, the following circuit constants were utilized:

Resistor 4| megohms 5 Portion A of resistor 38 ohms 15,000 Portion B do 5,000 Condenser 42 microfarads 12 Condenser 39 do 16 The tube used was an RCA type 12A'7, diode-pentode. A maximum delay or approximately one hour was obtained between the time of operation of the relay to the resetting oi. the system.

I claim as my invention: 1. In a time delay circuit, an electron discharge device, an input circuit connected beis locked in position,

tween grid electrode and cathode and an output circuit connected between anode and cathode thereof, a relay energized from said output'circult having normally closed contacts, a capacity in said input circuit, means for charging said capacity to a potential sufficiently negative to bias said grid electrode to a space current value ineffective for the energization of said relay, said means including a source or voltage, certain closed contacts of a switch having a plurality of open contact an actuating winding and an energizing circuit for said switch including said normally closed contacts of said relay, and circuit closing contacts, closure means for said last mentioned contacts momentarily operable whereby upon energization of said winding said open contacts of said switch are closed and said closed contacts are open, one of said first mentioned contacts being operable to close said circuit to said winding and others to close a circuit to an being operable to disconnect said capacity, resistance means for discharging said capacity upon disconnection of said last mentioned contacts at a predetermined rate, whereby upon current flow in said output circuit said relay becomes energized opening said normally closed contacts and restoring said switch to its initial position.

2. A time delay circuit in accordance with claim 1 in which th circuit for the energization of said winding includes in series a manually operable switch for restoring said relay circuit to-a succeeding operating cycle.

3. A time delay circuit in accordance with claim 1 in which said discharge device includes rectifler elements'connected in series with a load resistor in said energizing circuit of said winding, said load resistor connected in circuit with the v anode of said discharge device and a connection energy utilization element, said open contacts between said cathode to an intermediate point of said resistor.

FREDERICK E. BARTHOLY.

US2339750A 1941-04-11 1941-04-11 Time delay circuit Expired - Lifetime US2339750A (en)

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Cited By (48)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2460055A (en) * 1945-10-24 1949-01-25 American Brake Shoe Co Control apparatus
US2463469A (en) * 1945-10-04 1949-03-01 Waldes Kohinoor Inc Time delay switching means
US2467008A (en) * 1947-12-02 1949-04-12 William A Brown Electronic timing and control means for relays
US2480678A (en) * 1947-07-26 1949-08-30 Raytheon Mfg Co Welding timer
US2482397A (en) * 1945-06-21 1949-09-20 Wallace H Blankmeyer Time delay electrical relay system
US2494352A (en) * 1945-02-28 1950-01-10 Gen Electric Electronic interval timer
US2499805A (en) * 1946-04-22 1950-03-07 American Brake Shoe Co Control apparatus
US2523359A (en) * 1946-08-21 1950-09-26 Hans A Deibele Elevator control signal system
US2525969A (en) * 1948-05-21 1950-10-17 Maxwell P Sparks Electronic time controlled power initiating means
US2528835A (en) * 1944-02-08 1950-11-07 Sylvania Electric Prod Weld timer
US2531313A (en) * 1944-06-22 1950-11-21 Honeywell Regulator Co Oscillator and oscillator-controlled relay system
US2532256A (en) * 1947-12-10 1950-11-28 Schultz Die Casting Company Method of die casting
US2539206A (en) * 1947-11-06 1951-01-23 Rotax Ltd Electric switching apparatus
US2540115A (en) * 1945-11-29 1951-02-06 Thomas W Hopkinson Pulse duration selector
US2545727A (en) * 1946-08-10 1951-03-20 John T Dooley Burglar alarm switching system
US2548542A (en) * 1947-04-09 1951-04-10 Automatic Temperature Control Co Inc Electronic controlled relay
US2549149A (en) * 1945-04-25 1951-04-17 Electric Controller & Mfg Co Time delay control
US2551373A (en) * 1947-08-02 1951-05-01 Trumbull Electric Mfg Co Electromagnetically actuated contactor with start and stop and hold-in switches
US2554575A (en) * 1944-03-07 1951-05-29 Anaconda Copper Mining Co Magnetic detector
US2564387A (en) * 1947-09-12 1951-08-14 Ainsworth James Electric starting switch
US2566309A (en) * 1947-11-10 1951-09-04 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Time-delay relay circuits
US2573029A (en) * 1946-09-12 1951-10-30 Kelley Koett Mfg Company X-ray apparatus
US2586592A (en) * 1949-09-29 1952-02-19 Chambersburg Eng Co Timing system
US2590234A (en) * 1948-03-30 1952-03-25 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Automatic selection of receiving channels
US2594520A (en) * 1947-01-28 1952-04-29 Clarence C Tiedman Two-hand press control device
US2597347A (en) * 1951-02-15 1952-05-20 Cutler Hammer Inc Time-delay relay system
US2603690A (en) * 1947-05-26 1952-07-15 Robertshaw Fulton Controls Co Safety device for diesel and internal-combustion engines
US2611011A (en) * 1949-02-26 1952-09-16 Honeywell Regulator Co Electrical timing apparatus
US2612353A (en) * 1948-10-23 1952-09-30 Steiner Machine Products Compa Automatic beverage mixer
US2612743A (en) * 1948-01-22 1952-10-07 Deering Milliken Res Trust Method and means for control of independently variable characteristics
US2624784A (en) * 1949-05-31 1953-01-06 Charles W Davis Electronically controlled relay
US2627392A (en) * 1951-10-01 1953-02-03 Phillips Petroleum Co Control circuit
US2658172A (en) * 1951-09-20 1953-11-03 Rca Corp Switching control system
US2663199A (en) * 1953-12-22 Transmission control
US2668934A (en) * 1946-10-31 1954-02-09 Leonard G Nierman Relay system
US2692377A (en) * 1946-01-16 1954-10-19 Jr George A Brettell Position plotter
US2727189A (en) * 1951-03-15 1955-12-13 Raytheon Mfg Co Split relay locks
US2738448A (en) * 1949-01-21 1956-03-13 Bokser Lewis Electric eye for automatically operating flushing valve
US2756026A (en) * 1953-02-11 1956-07-24 Vapor Heating Corp Thermostatically controlled temperature regulating system
US2803814A (en) * 1945-07-30 1957-08-20 bloser
US2840204A (en) * 1954-01-14 1958-06-24 Burroughs Corp Time delay device
US2878636A (en) * 1955-08-11 1959-03-24 Deering Milliken Res Corp Control system and method
US2887214A (en) * 1956-09-20 1959-05-19 Fairchild Camera Instr Co Composing machine
US3013144A (en) * 1959-09-04 1961-12-12 Westinghouse Electric Corp Arc-welding apparatus
US3266030A (en) * 1963-12-30 1966-08-09 Chubb Mosler And Taylor Safes Alarm system
US3605082A (en) * 1969-04-16 1971-09-14 Laser Systems Corp Intruder detection system
US3732554A (en) * 1971-05-19 1973-05-08 J Ginard Alarm unit
US3808454A (en) * 1971-11-13 1974-04-30 Canon Kk Illuminator energizing device

Cited By (48)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2663199A (en) * 1953-12-22 Transmission control
US2528835A (en) * 1944-02-08 1950-11-07 Sylvania Electric Prod Weld timer
US2554575A (en) * 1944-03-07 1951-05-29 Anaconda Copper Mining Co Magnetic detector
US2531313A (en) * 1944-06-22 1950-11-21 Honeywell Regulator Co Oscillator and oscillator-controlled relay system
US2494352A (en) * 1945-02-28 1950-01-10 Gen Electric Electronic interval timer
US2549149A (en) * 1945-04-25 1951-04-17 Electric Controller & Mfg Co Time delay control
US2482397A (en) * 1945-06-21 1949-09-20 Wallace H Blankmeyer Time delay electrical relay system
US2803814A (en) * 1945-07-30 1957-08-20 bloser
US2463469A (en) * 1945-10-04 1949-03-01 Waldes Kohinoor Inc Time delay switching means
US2460055A (en) * 1945-10-24 1949-01-25 American Brake Shoe Co Control apparatus
US2540115A (en) * 1945-11-29 1951-02-06 Thomas W Hopkinson Pulse duration selector
US2692377A (en) * 1946-01-16 1954-10-19 Jr George A Brettell Position plotter
US2499805A (en) * 1946-04-22 1950-03-07 American Brake Shoe Co Control apparatus
US2545727A (en) * 1946-08-10 1951-03-20 John T Dooley Burglar alarm switching system
US2523359A (en) * 1946-08-21 1950-09-26 Hans A Deibele Elevator control signal system
US2573029A (en) * 1946-09-12 1951-10-30 Kelley Koett Mfg Company X-ray apparatus
US2668934A (en) * 1946-10-31 1954-02-09 Leonard G Nierman Relay system
US2594520A (en) * 1947-01-28 1952-04-29 Clarence C Tiedman Two-hand press control device
US2548542A (en) * 1947-04-09 1951-04-10 Automatic Temperature Control Co Inc Electronic controlled relay
US2603690A (en) * 1947-05-26 1952-07-15 Robertshaw Fulton Controls Co Safety device for diesel and internal-combustion engines
US2480678A (en) * 1947-07-26 1949-08-30 Raytheon Mfg Co Welding timer
US2551373A (en) * 1947-08-02 1951-05-01 Trumbull Electric Mfg Co Electromagnetically actuated contactor with start and stop and hold-in switches
US2564387A (en) * 1947-09-12 1951-08-14 Ainsworth James Electric starting switch
US2539206A (en) * 1947-11-06 1951-01-23 Rotax Ltd Electric switching apparatus
US2566309A (en) * 1947-11-10 1951-09-04 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Time-delay relay circuits
US2467008A (en) * 1947-12-02 1949-04-12 William A Brown Electronic timing and control means for relays
US2532256A (en) * 1947-12-10 1950-11-28 Schultz Die Casting Company Method of die casting
US2612743A (en) * 1948-01-22 1952-10-07 Deering Milliken Res Trust Method and means for control of independently variable characteristics
US2590234A (en) * 1948-03-30 1952-03-25 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Automatic selection of receiving channels
US2525969A (en) * 1948-05-21 1950-10-17 Maxwell P Sparks Electronic time controlled power initiating means
US2612353A (en) * 1948-10-23 1952-09-30 Steiner Machine Products Compa Automatic beverage mixer
US2738448A (en) * 1949-01-21 1956-03-13 Bokser Lewis Electric eye for automatically operating flushing valve
US2611011A (en) * 1949-02-26 1952-09-16 Honeywell Regulator Co Electrical timing apparatus
US2624784A (en) * 1949-05-31 1953-01-06 Charles W Davis Electronically controlled relay
US2586592A (en) * 1949-09-29 1952-02-19 Chambersburg Eng Co Timing system
US2597347A (en) * 1951-02-15 1952-05-20 Cutler Hammer Inc Time-delay relay system
US2727189A (en) * 1951-03-15 1955-12-13 Raytheon Mfg Co Split relay locks
US2658172A (en) * 1951-09-20 1953-11-03 Rca Corp Switching control system
US2627392A (en) * 1951-10-01 1953-02-03 Phillips Petroleum Co Control circuit
US2756026A (en) * 1953-02-11 1956-07-24 Vapor Heating Corp Thermostatically controlled temperature regulating system
US2840204A (en) * 1954-01-14 1958-06-24 Burroughs Corp Time delay device
US2878636A (en) * 1955-08-11 1959-03-24 Deering Milliken Res Corp Control system and method
US2887214A (en) * 1956-09-20 1959-05-19 Fairchild Camera Instr Co Composing machine
US3013144A (en) * 1959-09-04 1961-12-12 Westinghouse Electric Corp Arc-welding apparatus
US3266030A (en) * 1963-12-30 1966-08-09 Chubb Mosler And Taylor Safes Alarm system
US3605082A (en) * 1969-04-16 1971-09-14 Laser Systems Corp Intruder detection system
US3732554A (en) * 1971-05-19 1973-05-08 J Ginard Alarm unit
US3808454A (en) * 1971-11-13 1974-04-30 Canon Kk Illuminator energizing device

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