US2325225A - Refrigerator latch - Google Patents

Refrigerator latch Download PDF

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Publication number
US2325225A
US2325225A US442293A US44229342A US2325225A US 2325225 A US2325225 A US 2325225A US 442293 A US442293 A US 442293A US 44229342 A US44229342 A US 44229342A US 2325225 A US2325225 A US 2325225A
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United States
Prior art keywords
latch
core
door
bolt
links
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Expired - Lifetime
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US442293A
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William O Burke
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National Lock Co
Original Assignee
National Lock Co
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Publication date
Application filed by National Lock Co filed Critical National Lock Co
Priority to US442293A priority Critical patent/US2325225A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B47/00Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means
    • E05B47/02Movement of the bolt by electromagnetic means; Adaptation of locks, latches, or parts thereof, for movement of the bolt by electromagnetic means
    • E05B47/023Movement of the bolt by electromagnetic means; Adaptation of locks, latches, or parts thereof, for movement of the bolt by electromagnetic means the bolt moving pivotally or rotatively
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B47/00Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means
    • E05B47/0001Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means with electric actuators; Constructional features thereof
    • E05B47/0002Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means with electric actuators; Constructional features thereof with electromagnets
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B47/00Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means
    • E05B2047/0084Key or electric means; Emergency release
    • E05B2047/0086Emergency release, e.g. key or electromagnet
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B47/00Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means
    • E05B47/0001Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means with electric actuators; Constructional features thereof
    • E05B47/0002Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means with electric actuators; Constructional features thereof with electromagnets
    • E05B47/0003Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means with electric actuators; Constructional features thereof with electromagnets having a movable core
    • E05B47/0004Operating or controlling locks or other fastening devices by electric or magnetic means with electric actuators; Constructional features thereof with electromagnets having a movable core said core being linearly movable
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10S292/49Toggle catches
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/0911Hooked end
    • Y10T292/0926Spring projected
    • Y10T292/0928Operating means
    • Y10T292/0929Link and lever
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T292/00Closure fasteners
    • Y10T292/08Bolts
    • Y10T292/1043Swinging
    • Y10T292/1075Operating means
    • Y10T292/1082Motor

Description

July 27, 1943. w Q BURKE 2,325,225

REFRIGERATOR LATCH Filed May 9, 1942 3 m wwmmnm INVENTOR.

Z I Z ZZz'aznOZiu/te Patented July 27, 1943 v REFRIGERATOR LATCH William 0. Burke, Rockford, 111., assignor to National Lock 00., Rockford, 111., a corporation of Delaware Application May 9, 1942., Serial No. 442,293

6 Claims. (!..292-123) This invention relates in general to latches, and the embodiment here disclosed is designed particularly for installation on the door of a refrigerator cabinet for latching the door in closed position.

One of the purposes of the invention is to provide an operating means for the latch bolt which can be operated by the mere closing of an electric switch for retracting the latch bolt to release the door.

Another purpose is to provide a latch of this character whichwill be free from mechanically induced noises and, therefore, silent in its operation.

A further purpose is to provide an emergency latch release for use in the event of electric current failure.

For the purpose of facilitating an understanding of my invention, I have illustrated on the accompanying drawing a preferred embodiment thereof.

Referring to the drawing,

Fig. 1 is a fragmentary transverse sectional view through a refrigerator door equipped with a latch embodying my invention;

Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the position of the parts when the latch bolt is in retracted position;

Fig. 3 is a sectional View taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2, and

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary elevation of a corner of the door showing the manually operable releasing rod.

Referring to the drawing more in detail, reference character 5 indicates generally a door lamb of a refrigerator cabinet against which the door 6 comprising the inner wall I and the outer wall '8 is adapted to close. Air leakage around the door is prevented by the usual sealing strip 9.

The latch proper, which is mounted within the confines of the door walls, includes a frame or housing in which the latch bolt, comprising the nose l2 and the body I3, is pivotally mounted on a fixed pintle l4 extending between the housin walls.

A bell-crank lever l5 pivoted upon a similar stationary pintle I6 is provided near one end with a pin l1 extending through a slot l8 formed in the link l9 which is pivoted at 2| to the latch bolt. A coil spring 22 surrounding the pintle I5 and having one end engaged with the bell-crank lever and its other end engaged with the housing, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, urges the bellcrank lever into the position shown in Fig. 1. An expansion spring 23 surrounding the link l9 and interposed between the latch bolt and the pin normally urges the bolt into the projected position shown in Fig.1 to cause the latch bolt nose to latchingly engage with the keeper 24 mounted on the door lamb.

For the purpose of actuating the bell-crank lever to retract the bolt from the latching position of Fig. 1 to the released position of Fig. 2, my invention contemplates the employment of an electromagnet 25 comprising a reciprocatory core 26. To the outer end of this core a bar 2'! is connected by means of a pin 28, and the bar is guided in its reciprocatory movements with the core by a guide pin 29 extending through a slot 3| in the bar. The bar is connected to the bell-crank lever I5 by a pin 30 carried by the bell-crank and engaged in a notch or recess formed in one edge of the bar.

The electromagnet is energized to. retract the latch bolt from the position of Fig. 1 to that of Fig. 2 by the closing of a. switch 32 in an electric circuit which includes the sol noid of the electromagnet and a source of e ectric current 33. The switch may be actuated to close the circuit and thereby energize the electromagnet by simply pressing inwardly a push button 34 which may be mounted so as to be accessible in any convenient location on the outer face of the door, or .upon the door jamb or any other convenient location.

Upon the closing of the switch 32 by manipulation of the push button, the electromagnet forcibly actuates the magnet core 26 from the position of Fig. 1 to that of Fig. 2, thereby retracting the bolt. -To obviate noisiness, such as would result from the forcible impact of slot 3| against the pin 29 by which the movement of the magnet core would be limited were no other provision made, I have provided means for limiting the movement of the core, which in itself is noiseless and serves to eliminate the noises which would otherwise be produced.

With this end in view, a link 35 consisting of two legs connected by an integral cross-piece 36 4| with a central loop 43. engaging the link 39 and its ends anchored beneath the pin l4, normally urges the links into the position shown in Fig. 1 with the magnet core extended and the latch bolt in latching position. Upon retraction of the magnet core from the position of Fig. 1 to that of Fig. 2 by energization of the magnet to thereby retract the latch bolt, the links 35 and 39 are drawn into a straight line position and serve as a limiting stop to noiselessly limit the retractive movement of the magnet core. To insure against accidental overthrow of the pivotally connected links past dead center position, the link 39 is provided with an extension or nose 40 positioned to engage with the crosspiece member 36, as shown in Fig. 2, whereby movement of the link past dead center position is prohibited.

For emergency use in the event of electric current failure, I have provided manually operable mechanical means for releasing the latch to permit opening of the door. This means comprises a rotatable rod 44 extending vertically within the door structure and jointed at 45 to facilitate assembly. An arm 46 is fixed on the rod in position to engage the pin 30 of the bell-crank lever and swing said lever to latch releasing position upon rotation of the rod in a clockwise direction from full to dotted line position, as illustrated in Fig. 2.

Rotation of the rod to release the latch bolt may be effected by grasping and turning the wing-nut shaped handle 48 (Fig. 4) fixed on the lower end of the rod and located in an open bottomed recess 41 provided in the bottom of the door.

It will be apparent from the foregoing that I have provided an electrically operated latch in which the latch bolt is retracted to release the door upon the simple manipulation of an electric push button o other preferred type of switch. The movements of the parts are cushioned and limited by the toggle joint action which affords a positive stop without the production of mechanical noises. The latch includes a mechanical operating mechanism for emergency use. The entire assembly is: simple in construction and economical to manufacture, and is reliable and durable in operation.

The structural details illustrated may obviously be considerably varied without exceeding the scope of the invention as defined in the following claims.

I claim:

1. In a refrigerator latch, the combination of a pivotally mounted latch bolt, an electromagnet having a movable core, an operative connection including a bell crank lever and a link between said bolt and the core of said magnet whereby said bolt is retracted upon energization of said magnet, and means including a pair of pivotally connected links connected respectively to a fixed pivot and to said core for limiting the operative movement of said magnetic core.

2. In a refrigerator latch, the combination of a latch bolt, an electromagnet having a movable core, a connection through which said bolt is retracted by movement of the magnet core upon energization of said magnet, a pair of pivotally connected links pivoted respectively to.a fixed pivot and to said core for limiting the retractive movements of said core and a spring biasing said links away from a straight line position.

3. In a refrigerator latch, the combination of a pivotally mounted latch bolt, an electromagnet comprising a solenoid and a movable core, a. bellcrank lever having one arm connected with the core of said magnet, a link connecting the other arm of said lever with said bolt, a pair of pivotally connected links, one of said links being pivotally mounted on a fixed pintle and the other of said links being pivotally connected with the magnet core, a spring for urging the pivotal connection between said links in one direction, and means for limiting the movement of said pivotal connection in the opposite direction.

4. In a refrigerator latch, the combination of a, latch bolt, a bell-crank'lever, a link connecting said bolt with one arm of said lever, an electromagnet including a reciprocable core connected with the other arm of said lever, a link pivotally connected to said core, a second link mounted on a fixed pintle, a pivotal connection between said links, a spring for .urging the pivotal connection between said links in one direction, and cooperative abutments carried by the respective links for limiting the movement of said pivotal connection in the opposite direction.

5. In a refrigerator latch, the combination of a pivotally mounted latch bolt, a bell-crank lever, a link pivoted to the bolt and slidably connected to the lever, a spring surrounding said link between said bolt and said lever, an electromagnet having a reciprocable core, a bar forming an extension of the'magnet core, said bar being pivotally connected with said bell-crank lever, a guide for said bar, a pair of pivotally connected links, one of said links being pivotally connected with said bar and the other of said links being mounted on a fixed pintle, and an abutment carried by one of said links in position to be engaged by the other link to limit the movement of the pivotal connection between said links in one direction.

6. A latch adapted to be mounted in a refrigerator door, comprising a latch bolt, a bell crank lever, a link connecting said lever and bolt, an electromagnet having a movable core connected to actuate said bell-crank lever, and manual means for actuating said bell-crank including an operating rod extending vertically within the confines of the door, a handle fixed on said rod within .a recess in the door in position to be accessible from beneath the door, and an arm carried by said rod in position to actuate said bell-crank lever upon rotative movement of said rod.

WILLIAM O. BURKE.

US442293A 1942-05-09 1942-05-09 Refrigerator latch Expired - Lifetime US2325225A (en)

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US442293A US2325225A (en) 1942-05-09 1942-05-09 Refrigerator latch

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Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2606052A (en) * 1945-05-23 1952-08-05 Seeger Sunbeam Corp Solenoid-operated latch
US2638164A (en) * 1950-06-16 1953-05-12 Joseph N Victor Control mechanism
US2749169A (en) * 1952-02-12 1956-06-05 Jervis Corp Latch mechanism
US2752189A (en) * 1952-02-11 1956-06-26 Soreng Products Corp Electromagnetically operated latch mechanism
US2752188A (en) * 1953-04-08 1956-06-26 Soreng Products Corp Electromagnetically operated door latch mechanism
US2840405A (en) * 1956-08-17 1958-06-24 Urban J Feltz Electrically-controlled refrigerator door
US2973221A (en) * 1957-12-24 1961-02-28 Edward L Blackman Automobile panel-opening construction
US3113352A (en) * 1958-12-18 1963-12-10 Chicago Bridge & Iron Co Pressure door locking device
DE1205415B (en) * 1963-04-23 1965-11-18 Int Macgregor Org An anchoring device for folding, hinged on Schiffskoerper ramps for car ferries, landing vehicles u. like.
DE1240439B (en) * 1964-04-11 1967-05-11 Jung Albrecht Fa u Electromagnetic tuerschloss for Zimmertueren, Schranktueren. like.
US3377092A (en) * 1967-04-27 1968-04-09 Clarence L. Rohman Electrically controlled lock
US3910617A (en) * 1972-02-20 1975-10-07 Square D Co Solenoid operated electric strike
US3915491A (en) * 1974-06-21 1975-10-28 Tom C Montgomery Remote controlled gas tank lock
US4056276A (en) * 1976-04-05 1977-11-01 Jarvis Kenneth W Door lock
US4262830A (en) * 1979-06-25 1981-04-21 Wisco Corporation Latch mechanism
US4395064A (en) * 1980-04-14 1983-07-26 Regie Nationale Des Usines Renault Electric automobile trunk lock mechanism
US4458930A (en) * 1982-05-27 1984-07-10 General Motors Corporation Vehicle body closure arrangement
US4518180A (en) * 1981-12-21 1985-05-21 Kiekert Gmbh & Co. Kommanditgesellschaft Automobile power door latch
US4682745A (en) * 1985-10-03 1987-07-28 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Preloadable vector sensitive latch
US4875722A (en) * 1986-09-02 1989-10-24 Emhart Industries, Inc. Exit device actuator and dogger
US4881766A (en) * 1987-09-09 1989-11-21 Pacific Security Systems Of America, Inc. Lock mechanism
US4896909A (en) * 1987-02-09 1990-01-30 Mauer Gmbh Opener
WO1997002399A1 (en) * 1995-07-04 1997-01-23 Winifred Cordwell Child proof remote locking of barriers such as doors and the like
US5755126A (en) * 1995-09-22 1998-05-26 Lanigan; William P. Security system for cargo loading doors
US5806355A (en) * 1996-03-14 1998-09-15 Lanigan; William P. Universal adapter for a security system
US5931033A (en) * 1997-07-17 1999-08-03 Lanigan; William P. Security system with improved lock assembly
US5987944A (en) * 1996-12-14 1999-11-23 Becker Group Europe Gmbh Locking device
US20040051333A1 (en) * 2002-09-16 2004-03-18 Brown David A. Latch mechanism for an automotive storage compartment
US6927972B1 (en) * 2004-04-13 2005-08-09 Tatung Co., Ltd. Concealed type hook structure adapted to secure a portable computer to a base member
US20080073916A1 (en) * 2006-09-25 2008-03-27 Hao Min Electromagnetic Lock with Strong Anti-impact Ability
ITRM20090244A1 (en) * 2009-05-15 2010-11-16 Bitron Spa Device interlock perfected.
EP2372068A3 (en) * 2010-04-02 2012-08-08 Master Lock Company LLC Lockable enclosure with loading cartridge
US20130247625A1 (en) * 2012-03-07 2013-09-26 General Aerospace GmbH Locking Device
US20140053617A1 (en) * 2012-08-21 2014-02-27 Quanta Computer Inc. Object gripping device using solenoid valve
US20150267442A1 (en) * 2014-03-19 2015-09-24 Digilock Asia Ltd. Secure Solenoid Driven Deadbolt Lock
US20170021397A1 (en) * 2014-02-10 2017-01-26 Magna Closures Inc. An ozone cleaning system and method of operating same
EP3412850A1 (en) * 2012-12-05 2018-12-12 United States Postal Service Lock mechanism for securing a lockable volume
US10316549B2 (en) * 2012-05-11 2019-06-11 Bqt Solutions (Sea) Pte Limited Lock

Cited By (45)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2606052A (en) * 1945-05-23 1952-08-05 Seeger Sunbeam Corp Solenoid-operated latch
US2638164A (en) * 1950-06-16 1953-05-12 Joseph N Victor Control mechanism
US2752189A (en) * 1952-02-11 1956-06-26 Soreng Products Corp Electromagnetically operated latch mechanism
US2749169A (en) * 1952-02-12 1956-06-05 Jervis Corp Latch mechanism
US2752188A (en) * 1953-04-08 1956-06-26 Soreng Products Corp Electromagnetically operated door latch mechanism
US2840405A (en) * 1956-08-17 1958-06-24 Urban J Feltz Electrically-controlled refrigerator door
US2973221A (en) * 1957-12-24 1961-02-28 Edward L Blackman Automobile panel-opening construction
US3113352A (en) * 1958-12-18 1963-12-10 Chicago Bridge & Iron Co Pressure door locking device
DE1205415B (en) * 1963-04-23 1965-11-18 Int Macgregor Org An anchoring device for folding, hinged on Schiffskoerper ramps for car ferries, landing vehicles u. like.
DE1240439B (en) * 1964-04-11 1967-05-11 Jung Albrecht Fa u Electromagnetic tuerschloss for Zimmertueren, Schranktueren. like.
US3377092A (en) * 1967-04-27 1968-04-09 Clarence L. Rohman Electrically controlled lock
US3910617A (en) * 1972-02-20 1975-10-07 Square D Co Solenoid operated electric strike
US3915491A (en) * 1974-06-21 1975-10-28 Tom C Montgomery Remote controlled gas tank lock
US4056276A (en) * 1976-04-05 1977-11-01 Jarvis Kenneth W Door lock
US4262830A (en) * 1979-06-25 1981-04-21 Wisco Corporation Latch mechanism
US4395064A (en) * 1980-04-14 1983-07-26 Regie Nationale Des Usines Renault Electric automobile trunk lock mechanism
US4518180A (en) * 1981-12-21 1985-05-21 Kiekert Gmbh & Co. Kommanditgesellschaft Automobile power door latch
US4458930A (en) * 1982-05-27 1984-07-10 General Motors Corporation Vehicle body closure arrangement
US4682745A (en) * 1985-10-03 1987-07-28 The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration Preloadable vector sensitive latch
US4875722A (en) * 1986-09-02 1989-10-24 Emhart Industries, Inc. Exit device actuator and dogger
US4896909A (en) * 1987-02-09 1990-01-30 Mauer Gmbh Opener
US4881766A (en) * 1987-09-09 1989-11-21 Pacific Security Systems Of America, Inc. Lock mechanism
WO1997002399A1 (en) * 1995-07-04 1997-01-23 Winifred Cordwell Child proof remote locking of barriers such as doors and the like
US5755126A (en) * 1995-09-22 1998-05-26 Lanigan; William P. Security system for cargo loading doors
US5806355A (en) * 1996-03-14 1998-09-15 Lanigan; William P. Universal adapter for a security system
US5987944A (en) * 1996-12-14 1999-11-23 Becker Group Europe Gmbh Locking device
US5931033A (en) * 1997-07-17 1999-08-03 Lanigan; William P. Security system with improved lock assembly
US20040051333A1 (en) * 2002-09-16 2004-03-18 Brown David A. Latch mechanism for an automotive storage compartment
US6722718B2 (en) * 2002-09-16 2004-04-20 Intier Automotive Inc. Latch mechanism for an automotive storage compartment
US6927972B1 (en) * 2004-04-13 2005-08-09 Tatung Co., Ltd. Concealed type hook structure adapted to secure a portable computer to a base member
US20080073916A1 (en) * 2006-09-25 2008-03-27 Hao Min Electromagnetic Lock with Strong Anti-impact Ability
ITRM20090244A1 (en) * 2009-05-15 2010-11-16 Bitron Spa Device interlock perfected.
EP2253783A1 (en) 2009-05-15 2010-11-24 Bitron S.p.A. Door locking device
EP2372068A3 (en) * 2010-04-02 2012-08-08 Master Lock Company LLC Lockable enclosure with loading cartridge
US20130247625A1 (en) * 2012-03-07 2013-09-26 General Aerospace GmbH Locking Device
US9212505B2 (en) * 2012-03-07 2015-12-15 General Aerospace GmbH Locking device
US10316549B2 (en) * 2012-05-11 2019-06-11 Bqt Solutions (Sea) Pte Limited Lock
US20140053617A1 (en) * 2012-08-21 2014-02-27 Quanta Computer Inc. Object gripping device using solenoid valve
US9222287B2 (en) * 2012-08-21 2015-12-29 Quanta Computer Inc. Object gripping device using electromagnetic assembly
EP3412850A1 (en) * 2012-12-05 2018-12-12 United States Postal Service Lock mechanism for securing a lockable volume
US10184277B2 (en) * 2012-12-05 2019-01-22 United States Postal Service Lock mechanism for securing a lockable volume
US10391527B2 (en) * 2014-02-10 2019-08-27 Magna Closures Inc. Ozone cleaning system and method of operating same
US20170021397A1 (en) * 2014-02-10 2017-01-26 Magna Closures Inc. An ozone cleaning system and method of operating same
US9702166B2 (en) * 2014-03-19 2017-07-11 Digilock Asia Ltd. Secure solenoid driven deadbolt lock
US20150267442A1 (en) * 2014-03-19 2015-09-24 Digilock Asia Ltd. Secure Solenoid Driven Deadbolt Lock

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