US2317047A - Sheet fastening means - Google Patents

Sheet fastening means Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2317047A
US2317047A US45921742A US2317047A US 2317047 A US2317047 A US 2317047A US 45921742 A US45921742 A US 45921742A US 2317047 A US2317047 A US 2317047A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
sheet
tongues
tabs
plane
slits
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Harley K Foote
Original Assignee
Foote & Van Wie Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B17/00Connecting constructional elements or machine parts by a part of or on one member entering a hole in the other and involving plastic deformation
    • F16B17/008Connecting constructional elements or machine parts by a part of or on one member entering a hole in the other and involving plastic deformation of sheets or plates mutually
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B42BOOKBINDING; ALBUMS; FILES; SPECIAL PRINTED MATTER
    • B42FSHEETS TEMPORARILY ATTACHED TOGETHER; FILING APPLIANCES; FILE CARDS; INDEXING
    • B42F3/00Sheets temporarily attached together involving perforations; Means therefor; Sheet details therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/20Paper fastener
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/49Fastener destructively secured by reshaping distortion force [e.g., ductile fastener]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24025Superposed movable attached layers or components
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24273Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including aperture
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24273Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including aperture
    • Y10T428/24281Struck out portion type
    • Y10T428/24289Embedded or interlocked
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/24Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.]
    • Y10T428/24479Structurally defined web or sheet [e.g., overall dimension, etc.] including variation in thickness
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/249921Web or sheet containing structurally defined element or component
    • Y10T428/249923Including interlaminar mechanical fastener

Description

p 19 3- H. K. FOOTE 2,317,047

SHEET FASTENING MEANS Filed Sept. 21, 1942 Patented Apr. 20, 1943 SHEET FASTENING MEANS Harley K. Foote, Chicago, 111., assignmto Foote a Van Wie, Incorporated, Chicago, lll., a corporation Illinois Application September 21, i942, Serial No. 459,217 11 Claims. (Cl. 24-153) This invention relates to means for fastening sheet material and a method for effecting such fastening. More particularly this invention relates to a composite sheet material comprising separate sheets which may be fastened together in co-planar relationship by tongue members formed in one of the sheets.

One object of this invention is the provision of a sheet which is cutand scored in such a manner as to permit a second sheet to be readily attached thereto.

Another object of this invention is to provide means for securing two sheets together in 00- planar relationship in such a manner that they may be rotated with respect to each other in the plane of the sheets.

A further object of this invention is to provide means including tongues and tabs for securing two sheets together without the necessity of using extraneous appliances.

A further object of this invention is to provide a method for securing two sheets together.

A still further object of this invention is to provide a composite sheet assembly which is useful for may purposes including simple card calculators and the like.

Further and additional objects will appear from the following specification, the drawing, and the appended claims.

In accordance with one embodiment of this invention, a first sheet is provided having a plurality of spaced tongues or tongue-like members integral therewith which are capable of being bent upwardly and outwardly in order to embrace an edge of a second sheet to'which it is desired to attach the first sheet. The integral tongue members are associated with integral tab members or tabs which are also cut out from the sheet. The tabs are formed in such a manner that when the tabs are bent out of the plane of the blank sheet the corresponding tongues are lifted out of the plane of the sheet in an opposite direction. As will be hereinafter more clearly pointed out, this feature permits the composite structure of this invention to be readily assembled.

In one form that this invention may take the tabs and tongues are spaced radially so that the tongue members extend outwardly from a central point within th sheet. The thus extending tongue members register with a circular aperture provided in the second sheet and when the second sheet has been placed adjacentthe first sheet with the tongue members extending through the aperture, then the tongue members are capable of being brought into overlying relationship with the inner edges of the second sheet adjacent the aperture. Because of the fact that the aperture is preferably circular in shape and because the tongue members abut closely against the inner edges of th second sheet containing the aperture, the second sheet, although firmly secured to the first sheet, is capable of being rotated in the plane of the sheet about an axis extending through the center of the aperture.

'If desired, an adhesive strip may be placed over the tab portions on that side of the first sheet opposite the side adjacent to which the second sheet has been secured. This adhesive strip prevents the tabs from being bent out of the plane of the sheet and thus tends to hold the tongue members in overlying relationship with the inner edges of the second sheet.

The fastening means briefly described in the foregoing may be used for a number of purposes. However, it is particularly useful for securing an apertured disk of sheet material to a sheet or card. This disk is capableof rotation about an axis perpendicular to the plane of th cardand the composite structure may be useful for form ing simple card calculators which may be very cheaply produced and which may be sold or distributcd as novelties or for advertising purposes. The sheet materials employed in constructing the sheet assembly of this invention may be heavy paper-like material which is capable of being slit, cut and scored, or th assembly may be formed from sheets of plastic material, metal or other composition sheets if desired.

For a more complete understanding of this invention, reference will now be had to the drawing, in which:

Fig. l is a plan view of the composite sheet assembly constructed in accordance with one embodiment of this invention;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional detail view taken along the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a plan View of a sheet or card which may be used for preparing the composite sheet assembly shown in Fig. 1; and

Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional detail view taken along the line 4-4 of Fig. 3, showing the tabs and tongues bent out of the plane of the sheet.

Referring now more particularly to the drawing, particularly Figs. 3 and 4, a sheet or card It is formed having a plurality of radially spaced tongues l2 defined by channel-shaped slits I4 formed in the sheet. Associated with each of the tongues H are a plurality of tabs 16 formed by a plurality of radially spaced slits l8 extending outwardly from a common central point. The slits l8 are preferably of equal length and the ends of the channel-shaped slits l4 terminate in a line extending between the ends of adjacent slits l8. The sheet is scored along the lines 20 extending between the ends of the channelshaped slits l4 and the ends of the slits 18, thus permitting the tabs 16 and the tongues l2 readily to be bent out of the plane of the sheet Ill. As 10 best shown in Figs. 1 and 2, a second sheet in the form of a disk 22 is secured to one surface of the blank sheet II) by means of the tongues l2 which have been out of the plane of the sheet "I and extend upwardly and outwardly and overlie the inner edge of the disk 22 adjacent a circular aperture 24 positioned therein.

It will be noted that when the tabs it are bent out of the plane of the blank sheet In along the scored lines 20, the tongues l2 are simultaneously lifted from the opposite surface of the blank sheet It, as shown most clearly in Fig. 4. Inasmuch as the scored lines20 do not extend across the base of the tongues [2, the tongues likewise have a tendency to be forced back into the plane 2 of the sheet Ill when the tabs are bent back into the plane of the sheet. Accordin ly when the disk 22 is positioned as shown in Fig. 2, the tongues [2 press tightly against the inner edges of the disk, holding it firmly in place. Because of the fact that the aperture 24 is circular and the tongues l2 are radially spaced, the disk 22 is capable of being rotated with respect to the sheet Ill about an axis extending through the center of the aperture 24.

In order to prevent the tabs It from being pushed out of the plane of the sheet I!) after the disk 22 has been assembled therewith an adhesive strip 26 is secured to the side of the sheet I. opposite that to which the disk 22 is against all of the tabs l6, causing them to be bent on the opening.

downwardly, as shown best in Fig. 4. This may be done by inserting a rod through the opening provided when the tabs are bentback. These tabs bend along the score lines 2' and simultaneously cause the tongues l2 to lift from the opposite 53 surface of the sheet. The apertured disk 22 is then slipped on over the upstanding tongues i2 and brought into co-planar relationship with the sheet It. (If a rod is used for simultaneously bending all of the tabs, the apertured disk may he slipped on over the rod.) The tabs It are then bent back into the plane of the sheet ll thus forcing the tongues l2 to overlie the inner edges 01 the disk 22 adjacent the aperture 24. A suitable adhesive strip 26 is then placed over the 35 tabs It to lock them in position and to prevent ready displacement of the tongues 12 from their overlying position.

It will be readily seen that the assembly of this invention may be readily constructed and will aperture, the tongues I 2 being so positioned as to prevent substantial bodily movement of the disk horizontally with respect to the sheet [0. While three tongues are shown in the drawing. more may be formed and used if desired. It will be apparent that the construction of this invention may be used for a number of purposes and it may be formed from substantially any typeof' sheet material. Structures wherein the sheet material is prepared from heavy paper stock have been found to be completely satisfactory for most Purposes. The sheets may be printed with suitable figures, letters, or other markings before or after assembly.

While a particular embodiment of this invention is shown above, it' will be understood, of course, that the invention is not to be limited thereto, since many modifications may be made,

and it is contemplated, therefore, by the appended claims, to cover any such modifications as fall within the true spirit and scope of this invention. v

I claim:

1. A composite sheet assembly comprising a first sheet having a substantially circular opening positioned therein, a second sheet having a plurality of radially spaced, upwardly and outwardly extending tongues integral therewith and formed by channel-shaped slits in said second sheet, score lines in said second sheet extending outwardly from the ends of said slits and meeting at points remote from said tongues, and a plurality of tabs defined by additional slits extend- 7 ing inwardly from said meeting points of the score lines and meeting each other, said tabs being integral with said tongu s whereby pressure exerted on said tabs to bend them out of the plane of the second sheet along the score lines serves also to lift the tongues out of the plane of the second sheet in the opposite direction, said tongues registering with said opening and overlying the inner edges of said first sheet adjacent the opening whereby said sheets are secured together and relative rotation of said sheets about the center of said opening is permitted.

2. The composite .sheet assembly recited in claim 1 wherein means is provided for securing said tabs'within the plane of the second sheet thereby preventing disengagement of the tongues with the inner edge of the first sheet ad acent 3. A composite sheet assembly comprising a first sheet, a second sheet secured thereto having a plurality of tongue members engaging said first sheet and overlying an edge thereof whereby said sheets are secured together, each f said tongue members being formed by a channel-shaped slit in the second sheet, a plurality of tabs each associated with one of said tongue members and formed by channel-shaped slits in said second sheet extending in a direction opposite to the slits forming the corresponding tongue members,

the ends of the tongue-member-forming slits lying between and in substantiallya straight line with. the ends of the tab-forming slits whereby a hinged connection of the tongue members and tabs is provided with said second sheet along said line and whereby the tongue member may be lifted out of the plane of said second sheet by applying pressure to the corresponding tab member in the opposite direction in order to facilitate attachment and detachment of said sheets.

4. The composite sheet assembly recited in claim 3 wherein said tabs are adhesively secured within b freely rotated about the center of the d sk the plane of said second sheet whereby displacetioned, radially spaced and outwardly extending tongues integral therewith formed by channelshaped slits in said sheet, and a plurality 'of tabs each associated with one of said tongues and defined by channel-shaped slits in said sheet extending in a direction opposite to the slits forming the corresponding tongues, the ends of the tongue-forming slits lying between and in substantially a straight line with the ends of adjacent tab-forming slits whereby a hinged connection of the tongues and tabs is provided with the sheet along said line and whereby the tongue members may be lifted out of the plane of the sheet by bending the corresponding tabs out of the plane of the sheet in the opposite direction.

6. The sheet recited in claim wherein the sheet comprises a heavy paper-like material and wherein scores are provided along the straight line providing the hinged connection.

7. A sheet of flexible paper-like material having a plurality of tabs in a central portion thereof formed by three or more slits extending outwardly from a common point, and a plurality of tongues associated with said tabs extending in an opposite direction therefrom formed by channel-shaped slits terminating in a line between adjacent tab-forming slits and intermediate thereof.

8. A sheet of flexible paper-like material having a plurality of contiguous tabs in a central portion thereof formed by three or more slits extending outwardly from a common point, a plurality of tongues associated with said tabs extending in an opposite direction therefrom formed by channel-shaped slits terminating on a substantially straight line between the ends of adjacent tab-forming slits and intermediate thereof, and scores on said line between the ends.

of said channel-shaped slits and said tab-forming slits.

9. A sheet of flexible paper-like material having a plurality of tabs integral therewith and located in a central portion thereof extending toward a common point, and tongues also integral with said sheet associated with each of said tabs extending in an opposite direction thereto, each of said tongues being integral with the corresponding tab so that a tongue may be lifted out of the plane of the sheet by bending the corresponding tab out of the plane of the sheet in the opposite direction.

10. A composite sheet assembly comprising a first sheet, a second sheet secured thereto having a plurality of tabs integral therewith and located in a central portion thereof extending toward a common point, and tongues also integral with said second sheet associated with each of said tabs extending'in an opposite direction thereto, each of said tongues engaging said first sheet and overlying an edge thereof whereby said sheets are secured together, each of said tongues also being integral with the corresponding tab so that the tongues may be lifted out of the plane of the second sheet by applying pressure to the cor responding tabs in the opposite direction whereby to facilitate attachment and detachment of said sheets.

11. A composite sheet assembly comprising a first sheet having a substantially circular opening positioned therein, a second sheet secured thereto having a plurality of tabs integral therewith and located in a central portion thereof extending toward a common point, and tongues also integral with said second sheet associated with each of said tabs extending in the opposite direction thereto, each of said tongues registering with said opening and overlying the inner edge of said first sheet adjacent the opening whereby said sheets are secured together and relative rotation of said sheets about the center of said opening is permitted, each of said tongues also being integral with the corresponding tab so that the tongues may ,be lifted out of the plane of the second sheet by applying pressure to the corresponding tabs in the opposite direction whereby to facilitate attachment and detachment of said sheets.

HARLEY K. FOOTE.

US2317047A 1942-09-21 1942-09-21 Sheet fastening means Expired - Lifetime US2317047A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2317047A US2317047A (en) 1942-09-21 1942-09-21 Sheet fastening means

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2317047A US2317047A (en) 1942-09-21 1942-09-21 Sheet fastening means

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2317047A true US2317047A (en) 1943-04-20

Family

ID=23823875

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2317047A Expired - Lifetime US2317047A (en) 1942-09-21 1942-09-21 Sheet fastening means

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2317047A (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2516677A (en) * 1946-01-08 1950-07-25 John K Christie Pocket flight position indicator
US2639252A (en) * 1949-02-17 1953-05-19 Lockheed Aircraft Corp Method of making housing for electrical apparatus
US3155392A (en) * 1963-01-04 1964-11-03 Max J Ruderian Spinning game device formed from flat sheet material
US3199231A (en) * 1965-04-19 1965-08-10 Max J Ruderian Educational toy device
US3290811A (en) * 1964-04-14 1966-12-13 Jr Jerome T Atkinson Indicator
US3321858A (en) * 1964-03-04 1967-05-30 Riegel Paper Corp Display wheel
US3468037A (en) * 1966-11-25 1969-09-23 Richard J Warneke Teaching device
US3754642A (en) * 1971-08-20 1973-08-28 D Stidolph Waterproof container for perishable products

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2516677A (en) * 1946-01-08 1950-07-25 John K Christie Pocket flight position indicator
US2639252A (en) * 1949-02-17 1953-05-19 Lockheed Aircraft Corp Method of making housing for electrical apparatus
US3155392A (en) * 1963-01-04 1964-11-03 Max J Ruderian Spinning game device formed from flat sheet material
US3321858A (en) * 1964-03-04 1967-05-30 Riegel Paper Corp Display wheel
US3290811A (en) * 1964-04-14 1966-12-13 Jr Jerome T Atkinson Indicator
US3199231A (en) * 1965-04-19 1965-08-10 Max J Ruderian Educational toy device
US3468037A (en) * 1966-11-25 1969-09-23 Richard J Warneke Teaching device
US3754642A (en) * 1971-08-20 1973-08-28 D Stidolph Waterproof container for perishable products

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1048577A (en) Document-file.
US3054202A (en) Index guides and tabs
US4379372A (en) Plant tag
US5016370A (en) One piece adhesive folder tab extension
US5001853A (en) Ornament for gift package
US5187888A (en) Index tabs for hanging file folders having pressure sensitive adhesive and lugs for insertion in folder slots
US3933294A (en) File folder with a rigid spine
US5553959A (en) Notebook system
US5141485A (en) Method of making a folder
US4643452A (en) Business card attaching strip
US2370319A (en) Paper perforator
US2148279A (en) Folding postcard or window display
US2312204A (en) Identification device for key rings or chains and the like
US4583763A (en) Information folder construction
US4201403A (en) Index tab device and index tab therefor
US2190433A (en) Container
US2300623A (en) Index
US2833064A (en) Recording and reminding device in strip form
US4447481A (en) Paper sheets having recessed pressure-sensitive glued edge with a removable strip
US1843771A (en) Binding strip
US4636179A (en) Folder
US1067531A (en) Detachable tab.
US3561147A (en) Book index
US4962603A (en) Quick-aligning, laser-printable index tabs
US2176284A (en) Shipping and filing box