US2314985A - Vibratory hand screed - Google Patents

Vibratory hand screed Download PDF

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Publication number
US2314985A
US2314985A US40331241A US2314985A US 2314985 A US2314985 A US 2314985A US 40331241 A US40331241 A US 40331241A US 2314985 A US2314985 A US 2314985A
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screed
handles
flexible
prime mover
ends
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Jackson Corwill
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Jackson Corwill
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C19/00Machines, tools or auxiliary devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving
    • E01C19/22Machines, tools or auxiliary devices for preparing or distributing paving materials, for working the placed materials, or for forming, consolidating, or finishing the paving for consolidating or finishing laid-down unset materials
    • E01C19/30Tamping or vibrating apparatus other than rollers ; Devices for ramming individual paving elements
    • E01C19/34Power-driven rammers or tampers, e.g. air-hammer impacted shoes for ramming stone-sett paving; Hand-actuated ramming or tamping machines, e.g. tampers with manually hoisted dropping weight
    • E01C19/40Power-driven rammers or tampers, e.g. air-hammer impacted shoes for ramming stone-sett paving; Hand-actuated ramming or tamping machines, e.g. tampers with manually hoisted dropping weight adapted to impart a smooth finish to the paving, e.g. tamping or vibrating finishers
    • E01C19/402Power-driven rammers or tampers, e.g. air-hammer impacted shoes for ramming stone-sett paving; Hand-actuated ramming or tamping machines, e.g. tampers with manually hoisted dropping weight adapted to impart a smooth finish to the paving, e.g. tamping or vibrating finishers the tools being hand-guided

Description

March 30, 1943. c, JACKSON VIBRATORY HAND SCREED.

Filed July 21, 1941 I I INVENTOR. Co/"cud/ /ac/mvn Ci) MTOZEIL YS.

Patented Mar. 30, 1943 UNITED STATES PATENT OFF-ICE VIBRATORY HAND sominn Corwill Jackson, Ludington, Mich. Application July .21, 1941, Serial No. 403,312

7 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in vibratory hand screeds.

The main objects of this invention are= First, to provide a vibratory hand manipulated screed which is highly desirable for'the laying of concrete, factory floors, bridgedecks, sidewalks, and the like where low slump or concrete having low water content is employed.

Second, to provide a structure of this char acter which is a complete unit, the prime mover being mounted on the screed and in manipulation constitutes an integral part thereof.

Third, to provide a structure of this character in which an engine such as an internal combustion engine may be used, it being mounted so that objectionable vibrations or shocks are not transmitted thereto and also to provide a structure in which the shocks or vibrations transmitted to the workmen are minimized.

Fourth, to provide a structure embodying these advantages which is quite simple and economical in structure and at the same time is durable and eflicient in use.

Objects relating to details and economies of the invention will appear from the description to follow. The invention is defined and pointed -11 out in the claims.

A structure which is a preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which:

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a vibrating 1 hand manipulated screed embodying my invention.

Fig. 2 is a vertical transverse section on line 2-2 of Fig. 1 illustrating certain details of the structure and the relation of the parts thereof, a

which is in general of channel section providing a front plate 2 of substantial height and ascreed bottom 3. The rear plate 3| is of less height than the front plate 2 but is of sufficient height so that the screed may be moved back and forth without becoming loaded up with concrete. The braces 4 support the face plate.

Adjacent the center of the screed, in the embodiment illustrated, I provide a pair of vibrating element supporting brackets 5. These are bolted both to the bottom of the screed and to the front plate, see Fig. 2. The vibrating element designated generally by the numeralfi is provided with a rotor shaft I having a counterbalancing weight 9 thereon, the shaft 1 being supported in the casing 8 of the vibrating element. i i I The flexible'driving shaft I0 for the unbalanced rotor is powered from a' prime mover, preferably mounted as hereinafter described. At each end of the screed I mount a pairof brackets II inspaced relation and provided with opposed stud-like anchoring elements l2. The flexible support members 13 which may suitably and preferably belengths of heavy-walled steam hose are telescoped with these stud mem-' bers l2 and secured thereto by clamps 14. These support members are arranged in spaced pairs and are provided intermediate their ends with cross pieces l6 secured to the flexible support members by the clamps I5. t The reinforcing tubes 2| are arranged Within the flexible support members I 3 toprevent their! collapsing under the stress of the clamps l5.

The handles l9 are bifurcated or provided with spaced arms l8 which are secured to the cross piecesby means of the U-bolts or clamps H. The handles are provided with handle bars 20 at their outer ends, the'arms being arrangedin angular relation to the shaft portion of the handles so that the handle bar is at the proper height for grasping. 'This attachment of the handles provides for stability in manipulation and minimizes the efforts'of th'e'op erator inkeeping the screedin upright'position'. i a

I The prime mover'22, desirably an internal combustion engine of suitable horse power, is mounted on the cross pieces of one pair of flexible supports between the arms "of'the handle at that end of the screed. The shaft l0'is 'directly connected to the engine'.' A relatively small one-cylinder internal combustion engine has been found to be quite suitable. 1 r In use, the operators grasp the handles and manipulate the screed over the work. Due to the employment of theflexible tubularsupport mom bore, the vibrations of the screed are'largely dampened from the handles" and also from-the engine The tubular form of flexible support members provides sufficient rigidity in the connection from the handles to the screed so that the screed may be manipulated in any direction, longitudinally or forward and back, with no objectionable sensation of slackness or lost. motion on the part of the operators, at the same time the shocks and vibrations are efiectively dampened from the motor or prime mover and the handles.

The foregoing machine is used extremely efiectively in the laying of factory floors, bridge decks and other applications where low slump concrete is employed. It may be transported readily to any desired location and placed in operation with a minimum of difiiculty and little expenditure of time.

An embodiment of the invention which incorporates the principles of the invention in a high-'- ly desirable manner has been illustrated and described. It should be understood that the foregoing terminology is used descriptively-rather than in a limiting sense, and with full intention to include equivalents of the features shown and described, within the scope of the following claims.

Having thus described-my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. In a structure of the class described, the combination of an elongated screed, a vibrating element mounted thereon in vibration-transmitting relation thereto, brackets disposed on said screed adjacent the ends thereof in opposed spaced pairs and provided with stud-like members, pairs of flexible tubular support members telescopingly engaged with said studs and clamped thereon, cross pieces clamped upon said support members intermediate the ends thereof, said support members being internally reinforced to prevent collapsing thereof by the clamping means, bifurcated handles, the arms of which are secured to said cross pieces, a prime mover mounted on the cross pieces of one pair of supports between the arms of i the handle secured thereto, and a flexible driving connection for said prime mover to said vibrating element, said flexible supports acting to dampen the vibrations from said screed to said handles and prime mover.

2. In a structure of the class described, the combination of an elongated screed, a vibrating element mounted thereon in vibration-transmitting relation thereto, brackets disposed on said screed adjacent the ends thereof in opposed spaced pairs and provided with stud-like members, pairs of flexible tubular support members telescopingly engaged with said studs and clamped thereon, cross pieces clamped upon said support members intermediate the ends thereof, said support members being internally reinforced to prevent collapsing thereof by 'the clamping means, and bifurcated handles, the arms of which are secured to said cross pieces, said flexible supports acting to dampen the vibrations from. said screed to said handles.

3. In a structure of the class described, the combination of an elongated screed, a vibrating element mounted thereon in vibration-transmitting relation thereto, brackets disposed on said thereof, bifurcated handles, the arms of which are secured to said cross pieces, a prime mover mounted on the cross pieces of one pair of supports between the arms of the handle secured thereto, and a flexible driving connection for said prime mover to said vibrating element, said flexible supports acting to dampen the vibrations from said screed to said handles and prime mover.

4. In a structure of the class described, the combination of an elongated screed, a vibrating element mounted thereon in vibration-transmitting relation thereto, brackets disposed on said screed adjacent the ends thereof in spaced pairs,

' pairs of flexible support members secured at their ends to said brackets, cross pieces mounted on 'said flexible supports intermediate the ends thereof, and bifurcated handles, the arms of which are secured to said cross pieces, said flexible supports acting to dampen the vibrations from said screed to said handles.

5. In a structure of the class described, the combination of an elongated screed, a vibrating element mounted thereon in vibration-transmitting relation thereto, brackets disposed on said screed adjacent the ends thereof in opposed spaced pairs and provided with stud-like members, flexible tubular support members telescopingly engaged with said studs and clamped thereon, handles secured to said flexible supports intermediate the ends thereof, a prime mover mounted on one of said flexible supports intermediate the ends thereof, and a flexible driving connection for said prime mover to said vibrating element, said flexible supports acting to dampen the vibrations from said screed to said handles and prime mover.

6. In a structure of the class described, the combination of an elongated screed, a rotor provided with an unbalancing weight mounted on said screed medially thereof, flexible support members disposed in parallel relation to the screed adjacent the ends thereof and each supported thereon from its opposite ends, said supports being arranged in spaced pairs and provided with intermediately disposed cross members, handles secured to said cross members, and a prime mover for said rotor having flexible drive connection thereto and mounted on and supported substantially in its entirety by one pair of said support members whereby the vibrations from the screed to the handles and prime mover are dampened.

7. In a hand screed, the combination of an elongated screed member having vibrating means mounted thereon, flexible tubular supports each supported from its opposite ends on said screed adjacent the ends thereof and in parallel relation thereto, handle secured to said supports intermediate the ends thereof, and a prime mover for said vibrating element mounted on and supported substantially in its entirety by one of said supports and having flexible drive shaft connections to said vibrating element, said flexible supports acting to dampen the vibratory impulses of said screed in relation to said handles and prime mover.

CORWILL JACKSON.

US2314985A 1941-07-21 1941-07-21 Vibratory hand screed Expired - Lifetime US2314985A (en)

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Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2426703A (en) * 1943-11-27 1947-09-02 Jaeger Machine Co Machine for surface-finishing road paving
US2453510A (en) * 1945-09-17 1948-11-09 Jackson Vibrators Screeding and compacting machine for concrete slabs and the like
US2713217A (en) * 1955-07-19 Subgrading machine
US2771012A (en) * 1953-04-06 1956-11-20 Jackson Vibrators Compactor for asphaltic and other compactable materials
US3067656A (en) * 1956-11-10 1962-12-11 Gustafsson Eric Reinhold Screeds
US4073593A (en) * 1976-07-12 1978-02-14 Custom Trailers Mfg., Inc. Method and apparatus for providing a power screed board
US4105355A (en) * 1976-10-20 1978-08-08 King Junior Keith Device for tamping and leveling concrete and the like
US4359296A (en) * 1981-02-06 1982-11-16 Cronkhite Daniel R Vibrator for screed boards
US4650366A (en) * 1986-07-23 1987-03-17 Morrison Donald R Portable screed
US4758114A (en) * 1987-02-17 1988-07-19 M-B-W Inc. Vibratory concrete screed
US4798494A (en) * 1987-10-28 1989-01-17 Allen Engineering Corporation Floating vibrational screed
US4848961A (en) * 1987-07-09 1989-07-18 Roger Rouillard Concrete screed
US4861188A (en) * 1986-03-05 1989-08-29 Les Placements Paro Inc. Apparatus for levelling concrete
US5244305A (en) * 1990-11-29 1993-09-14 Lindley Thomas R Concrete striking equipment
US5328295A (en) * 1992-06-26 1994-07-12 Allen Engineering Corporation Torsional automatic grade control system for concrete finishing
US5375942A (en) * 1990-11-29 1994-12-27 Lindley Incorporated Material-leveling apparatus
US5476342A (en) * 1993-12-21 1995-12-19 Allen; J. Dewayne Obstacle bypass system for concrete construction
US5533831A (en) * 1992-06-26 1996-07-09 Allen Engineering Corporation Obstacle bypass system for concrete finishing tools
US5984571A (en) * 1997-10-31 1999-11-16 Cleform Tool Company Vibrating screed
US6350083B1 (en) * 1999-05-03 2002-02-26 Tod Paladeni Powered roller screed
US6474906B1 (en) * 1999-12-10 2002-11-05 Terramite Corporation Single roller concrete finishing machine
US20030068200A1 (en) * 2001-10-09 2003-04-10 Quenzi Philip J. Light weight apparatus for screeding and vibrating uncured concrete surfaces
WO2003097939A1 (en) * 2002-05-14 2003-11-27 Lindley Joseph W Universal power unit that adapts to all phases from placing to final finishing of concrete
WO2005038139A1 (en) * 2003-10-10 2005-04-28 D Alessandro Yves Machine with vibrating surfacing blade
US20050158121A1 (en) * 2002-05-14 2005-07-21 Joe Lindley Apparatus for finishing concrete
US7121762B2 (en) 2001-10-09 2006-10-17 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Apparatus for screeding uncured concrete surfaces
US20060251475A1 (en) * 2005-05-03 2006-11-09 Lindley Joseph W Roller screed
US20080050177A1 (en) * 2006-08-22 2008-02-28 Ronald Lee Sager Orbital vibrating hand trowel
US20090175681A1 (en) * 2008-01-03 2009-07-09 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Wheeled screeding device
US20090236738A1 (en) * 2008-03-19 2009-09-24 Stats Chippac, Ltd. Semiconductor Device and Method of Forming Oxide Layer on Signal Traces for Electrical Isolation in Fine Pitch Bonding
US20100129153A1 (en) * 2008-11-26 2010-05-27 Rouillard Benoit Vibration reducing link for vibrating screed
US7891906B2 (en) 2008-02-27 2011-02-22 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Concrete finishing apparatus

Cited By (46)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2713217A (en) * 1955-07-19 Subgrading machine
US2426703A (en) * 1943-11-27 1947-09-02 Jaeger Machine Co Machine for surface-finishing road paving
US2453510A (en) * 1945-09-17 1948-11-09 Jackson Vibrators Screeding and compacting machine for concrete slabs and the like
US2771012A (en) * 1953-04-06 1956-11-20 Jackson Vibrators Compactor for asphaltic and other compactable materials
US3067656A (en) * 1956-11-10 1962-12-11 Gustafsson Eric Reinhold Screeds
US4073593A (en) * 1976-07-12 1978-02-14 Custom Trailers Mfg., Inc. Method and apparatus for providing a power screed board
US4105355A (en) * 1976-10-20 1978-08-08 King Junior Keith Device for tamping and leveling concrete and the like
US4359296A (en) * 1981-02-06 1982-11-16 Cronkhite Daniel R Vibrator for screed boards
US4861188A (en) * 1986-03-05 1989-08-29 Les Placements Paro Inc. Apparatus for levelling concrete
US4650366A (en) * 1986-07-23 1987-03-17 Morrison Donald R Portable screed
US4758114A (en) * 1987-02-17 1988-07-19 M-B-W Inc. Vibratory concrete screed
US4848961A (en) * 1987-07-09 1989-07-18 Roger Rouillard Concrete screed
US4798494A (en) * 1987-10-28 1989-01-17 Allen Engineering Corporation Floating vibrational screed
US5244305A (en) * 1990-11-29 1993-09-14 Lindley Thomas R Concrete striking equipment
US5375942A (en) * 1990-11-29 1994-12-27 Lindley Incorporated Material-leveling apparatus
US5328295A (en) * 1992-06-26 1994-07-12 Allen Engineering Corporation Torsional automatic grade control system for concrete finishing
US5533831A (en) * 1992-06-26 1996-07-09 Allen Engineering Corporation Obstacle bypass system for concrete finishing tools
US5476342A (en) * 1993-12-21 1995-12-19 Allen; J. Dewayne Obstacle bypass system for concrete construction
US5984571A (en) * 1997-10-31 1999-11-16 Cleform Tool Company Vibrating screed
US6350083B1 (en) * 1999-05-03 2002-02-26 Tod Paladeni Powered roller screed
US6474906B1 (en) * 1999-12-10 2002-11-05 Terramite Corporation Single roller concrete finishing machine
US6976805B2 (en) 2001-10-09 2005-12-20 Delaware Capital Formation, Inc. Light weight apparatus for screeding and vibrating uncured concrete surfaces
US7491011B2 (en) 2001-10-09 2009-02-17 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Apparatus for screeding uncured concrete
US20030068200A1 (en) * 2001-10-09 2003-04-10 Quenzi Philip J. Light weight apparatus for screeding and vibrating uncured concrete surfaces
US20090123229A1 (en) * 2001-10-09 2009-05-14 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Apparatus for screeding uncured concrete surfaces
US7121762B2 (en) 2001-10-09 2006-10-17 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Apparatus for screeding uncured concrete surfaces
US6953304B2 (en) 2001-10-09 2005-10-11 Delaware Capital Formation, Inc. Lightweight apparatus for screeding and vibrating uncured concrete surfaces
US7320558B2 (en) 2001-10-09 2008-01-22 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Apparatus for screeding uncured concrete surfaces
US7909533B2 (en) 2001-10-09 2011-03-22 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Apparatus for screeding uncured concrete surfaces
US20050163566A1 (en) * 2002-05-14 2005-07-28 Lindely Joseph W. Universal power unit that adapts to all phases from placing to final finishing of concrete
US20050158121A1 (en) * 2002-05-14 2005-07-21 Joe Lindley Apparatus for finishing concrete
US7153058B2 (en) * 2002-05-14 2006-12-26 Joe Lindley Apparatus for finishing concrete
WO2003097939A1 (en) * 2002-05-14 2003-11-27 Lindley Joseph W Universal power unit that adapts to all phases from placing to final finishing of concrete
US20070201302A1 (en) * 2002-05-14 2007-08-30 Lindley Joe W Vibratory Head For A Concrete Vibrator
US7097384B2 (en) 2002-05-14 2006-08-29 Lindley Joseph W Universal power unit that adapts to all phases from placing to final finishing of concrete
WO2005038139A1 (en) * 2003-10-10 2005-04-28 D Alessandro Yves Machine with vibrating surfacing blade
US7195424B2 (en) 2005-05-03 2007-03-27 Lindley Joseph W Roller screed
US20060251475A1 (en) * 2005-05-03 2006-11-09 Lindley Joseph W Roller screed
US20080050177A1 (en) * 2006-08-22 2008-02-28 Ronald Lee Sager Orbital vibrating hand trowel
US7850396B2 (en) 2008-01-03 2010-12-14 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Wheeled screeding device
US20090175681A1 (en) * 2008-01-03 2009-07-09 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Wheeled screeding device
US8075222B2 (en) 2008-02-27 2011-12-13 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Concrete finishing apparatus
US7891906B2 (en) 2008-02-27 2011-02-22 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Concrete finishing apparatus
US20110135388A1 (en) * 2008-02-27 2011-06-09 Somero Enterprises, Inc. Concrete finishing apparatus
US20090236738A1 (en) * 2008-03-19 2009-09-24 Stats Chippac, Ltd. Semiconductor Device and Method of Forming Oxide Layer on Signal Traces for Electrical Isolation in Fine Pitch Bonding
US20100129153A1 (en) * 2008-11-26 2010-05-27 Rouillard Benoit Vibration reducing link for vibrating screed

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