US2307088A - Cigarette - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2307088A
US2307088A US26096639A US2307088A US 2307088 A US2307088 A US 2307088A US 26096639 A US26096639 A US 26096639A US 2307088 A US2307088 A US 2307088A
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Prior art keywords
cigarette
glass
fibers
tobacco
fiber
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Expired - Lifetime
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Whiteley Edward Oldroyd
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Whiteley Edward Oldroyd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D1/00Cigars; Cigarettes
    • A24D1/12Cigars; Cigarettes with ash-retaining attachments, holders, or other equipment

Description

Jan. 5, 194-3. E. o. WHITELEY 2,307,088

CIGARETTE Filed March 10, 1939 uvmvron fowAko 0. WHITELEY ATTORNG'X Patented Jan. 5, 1943 UNITED STATES PATENT, OFFICE CIGARETTE Edward Oldroyd Whiteley, New York, N. Y. Application March 10, 1939, Serial No. 260,966

3 Claims.

This invention relates to cigarettes and hasfor its principal object an improved cigarette in which the ash will not tend to flutter off and fall over the floor and ones clothing as the cigarette is burned. Other objects and advantages of the invention will appear in the following description. i

In the drawing, the figure is a greatly enlarged side view of a partially burned cigarette, incorporating my invention, and with a portion of the unsmoked cigarette broken awayto reveal the fiber within In further detail I designates the outer paper wrapping of the cigarette, 2 is the burned portion after about half of the cigarette has been smoked, 3 is the ash supported within a network of partially fused glass fibers 4, the tobacco is designated 5, while the unfused glass fiber is designated 6 both mixed in the tobacco and incorporated in the paper wrapper I.

Briefly described my improvement in cigarettes comprises the admixture with the tobacco of inert materials adapted to strengthen or stabilize the ashes as they are formed so that they will be to a considerable degree self-sustaining, and need therefore only occasionally be broken off to deposit in an ash receptacle, and will not tend constantly to fleck ofi andfall or blow off with the slightest draught of air. In addition to the above I preferably strengthen the ash of the paper smoking.

wrapper so that it forms an additional external support for the ashes of more or less continuous though porous tubular form. As the stabilizing elements which I use both in the tobacco as well as in the paper wrapper are inert and sterile, and

not adapted to be consumed by the heat of the burning tobacco and paper which forms the combustible structure of the cigarette, there is no change of flavor or aroma of the cigarette in the As an ash strengthening material for admixture with the tobacco preparatory to forming the cigarettes I may use any non-toxic fibers of cellulose which have been suitably purified to remove flavors'and which have been rendered fire-proof as by treating with fire-proofing liquids or emulsions such as colloidal solutions-of magnesia, so-

dium silicate, preferably in combination withv I may alsouse in admixture with the above fibers: or admixture with the tobacco only, fibers of spun glass or roasted and purified asbestos.

If glass fibers are used I prefer to use a glass made from potassium and calcium silicates with added oxide of boron so as to yield a glass fiber when spun which will have a very low coefilcient of expansion, as well as considerable flexibility and resistance to heat, so as tocontribute these properties to the ash as,a whole.

The glass fiber is, before thorough admixing with the tobacco, pro-treated by giving it a thin coating of a hygroscopic substance such as glycerine, licorice extract or admixtures, and pref- I erably with a small percentage of extract of natural tobacco. ment or shaking out of the glass fibers. fiber may be either sprayed or dipped and centrifuged and the treated glass fiber is admixedto the extent of about 10% with the tobacco, the proper amount depending to a certain extent on the natural stability of the ash of the particular tobacco used, it being desirable to use no more of the strengthening fiber than required to give a reasonable stability to the ash.

I find by tests of cigarettes made as above described that they may be smoked to half or more of their length without the stabilized ash falling off, thus adding greatly to'the convenience and enjoyment of smoking. The glass fibers appear to fuse slightly at points of touching so as to make a network of supports throughout theash. The same treatment may be applied to cigars, though not quite so conveniently as the filler material used in cigar making is not so finely divided and mixed as it is in cigarette making.

As before mentioned, I may also strengthen the paper wrapper of the cigarette with the glass or other fire-proof fibers. In the process of manufacturing the cigarette paper-plus glass fiber I use any workable, system of adding the glass fiber to the cellulose pulp. I give two examples:

breaking down the fiber, this oper'ationbeingi tars or oils distilled or extracted from natural (1) The glass fiber is added to the cellulose pulp by feeding it slowly during theslow rotation of the mixing paddles or heaters, to avoid done immediately before the run is made on to the wire screen former.

v (2) The glass fiber is fed evenly from a revolving conveyor-as a thin layer to the cellulose pulp immediately where thepulp runs on to the wire former at the wet end.

In bothmethods thefine glass fiber is forced into theformed pulp under. pressure of the hot rolls and becomes part of the composite massof This coating prevents displace- The it should be noted that while I have mentionedseveral fire-proof fibers as suitable for the purpose, any other fibers having similar properties may be used without departing from the spirit of the invention as included within the scope of my appended claims.

My use of the word cigarette in the claims is also intended to include a cigar in which my invention is incorporated.

I claim:

1. A cigarette provided with a filling of tobacco admixed with inert fire resisting fibers adapted to strengthen the ash when the cigarette is burned, said fibers coated with an adhesive substance adapted to prevent displacement of said fibers.

2. A cigarette provided with a filling of tobacco admixed with inert fire resisting fibers adapted to strengthen the ash when the cigarette is burned, saidfibers coated with an adhesive substance including licorice adapted to

US2307088A 1939-03-10 1939-03-10 Cigarette Expired - Lifetime US2307088A (en)

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US2307088A US2307088A (en) 1939-03-10 1939-03-10 Cigarette

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US2307088A US2307088A (en) 1939-03-10 1939-03-10 Cigarette

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US2307088A true US2307088A (en) 1943-01-05

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Cited By (31)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2592554A (en) * 1946-08-24 1952-04-15 Gen Cigar Co Resilient tobacco product and method of making the same
US2592553A (en) * 1950-01-30 1952-04-15 Gen Cigar Co Tobacco products and processes therefor
US2598680A (en) * 1947-06-13 1952-06-03 Gen Cigar Co Tobacco product and method of manufacture
US2733509A (en) * 1956-02-07 Wetting
US2734509A (en) * 1956-02-14 Wetting
US2999775A (en) * 1957-05-21 1961-09-12 Mortimer M Marks Cigarette filler composition
US3101723A (en) * 1960-11-15 1963-08-27 Philip Morris Inc Fibrous cigarette filter
US3183914A (en) * 1962-01-24 1965-05-18 Samuel L Cohn Cigarette
US3255760A (en) * 1962-08-03 1966-06-14 Kimberly Clark Co Tobacco product which produces less tars
US3419013A (en) * 1967-08-17 1968-12-31 Edward J. Calhoun Smoking article
US3602233A (en) * 1969-05-06 1971-08-31 Ppg Industries Inc Smoking device incorporating microporous glass particle filter
US4452259A (en) * 1981-07-10 1984-06-05 Loews Theatres, Inc. Smoking articles having a reduced free burn time
US4936920A (en) * 1988-03-09 1990-06-26 Philip Morris Incorporated High void volume/enhanced firmness tobacco rod and method of processing tobacco
US5878753A (en) * 1997-03-11 1999-03-09 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking article wrapper for controlling ignition proclivity of a smoking article without affecting smoking characteristics
US5878754A (en) * 1997-03-10 1999-03-09 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking article wrapper for controlling ignition proclivity of a smoking article
US20020189625A1 (en) * 1999-12-07 2002-12-19 Alison Bushby Smoking article comprising a wrapper containing a ceramic material
US20030131860A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2003-07-17 Ashcraft Charles Ray Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20040099280A1 (en) * 2002-11-25 2004-05-27 Stokes Cynthia Stewart Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20040099279A1 (en) * 2002-11-25 2004-05-27 Chapman Paul Stuart Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20040118420A1 (en) * 2002-12-20 2004-06-24 Barnes Vernon Brent Equipment and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US20040129281A1 (en) * 2001-06-27 2004-07-08 Hancock Lloyd Harmon Equipment and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US20040237978A1 (en) * 2003-05-16 2004-12-02 Barnes Vernon Brent Materials and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US20040237980A1 (en) * 2003-05-16 2004-12-02 Holmes Gregory Alan Materials and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US20040255966A1 (en) * 2002-01-23 2004-12-23 Kraker Thomas A. Smoking articles with reduced ignition proclivity characteristics
US20050016556A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2005-01-27 Ashcraft Charles Ray Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US6854469B1 (en) 2001-06-27 2005-02-15 Lloyd Harmon Hancock Method for producing a reduced ignition propensity smoking article
US20050039764A1 (en) * 2002-12-20 2005-02-24 Barnes Vernon Brent Equipment and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US20080295854A1 (en) * 2006-03-31 2008-12-04 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US20110023901A1 (en) * 2009-07-30 2011-02-03 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded paper, smoking article and method
US9302522B2 (en) 2010-12-13 2016-04-05 Altria Client Services Llc Process of preparing printing solution and making patterned cigarette wrappers
US9668516B2 (en) 2012-05-16 2017-06-06 Altria Client Services Llc Banded cigarette wrapper with opened-area bands

Cited By (58)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2733509A (en) * 1956-02-07 Wetting
US2734509A (en) * 1956-02-14 Wetting
US2592554A (en) * 1946-08-24 1952-04-15 Gen Cigar Co Resilient tobacco product and method of making the same
US2598680A (en) * 1947-06-13 1952-06-03 Gen Cigar Co Tobacco product and method of manufacture
US2592553A (en) * 1950-01-30 1952-04-15 Gen Cigar Co Tobacco products and processes therefor
US2999775A (en) * 1957-05-21 1961-09-12 Mortimer M Marks Cigarette filler composition
US3101723A (en) * 1960-11-15 1963-08-27 Philip Morris Inc Fibrous cigarette filter
US3183914A (en) * 1962-01-24 1965-05-18 Samuel L Cohn Cigarette
US3255760A (en) * 1962-08-03 1966-06-14 Kimberly Clark Co Tobacco product which produces less tars
US3419013A (en) * 1967-08-17 1968-12-31 Edward J. Calhoun Smoking article
US3602233A (en) * 1969-05-06 1971-08-31 Ppg Industries Inc Smoking device incorporating microporous glass particle filter
US4452259A (en) * 1981-07-10 1984-06-05 Loews Theatres, Inc. Smoking articles having a reduced free burn time
US4936920A (en) * 1988-03-09 1990-06-26 Philip Morris Incorporated High void volume/enhanced firmness tobacco rod and method of processing tobacco
US5878754A (en) * 1997-03-10 1999-03-09 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking article wrapper for controlling ignition proclivity of a smoking article
US5878753A (en) * 1997-03-11 1999-03-09 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking article wrapper for controlling ignition proclivity of a smoking article without affecting smoking characteristics
US20020189625A1 (en) * 1999-12-07 2002-12-19 Alison Bushby Smoking article comprising a wrapper containing a ceramic material
US6935346B2 (en) 1999-12-07 2005-08-30 Alison Bushby Smoking article comprising a wrapper containing a ceramic material
US20040129281A1 (en) * 2001-06-27 2004-07-08 Hancock Lloyd Harmon Equipment and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US6854469B1 (en) 2001-06-27 2005-02-15 Lloyd Harmon Hancock Method for producing a reduced ignition propensity smoking article
US7275548B2 (en) 2001-06-27 2007-10-02 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Equipment for manufacturing cigarettes
US20060005847A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2006-01-12 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US7677256B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2010-03-16 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20050241659A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2005-11-03 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20060011207A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2006-01-19 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20050016556A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2005-01-27 Ashcraft Charles Ray Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20030131860A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2003-07-17 Ashcraft Charles Ray Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US7237559B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2007-07-03 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US6929013B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2005-08-16 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20050241660A1 (en) * 2001-08-14 2005-11-03 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20040255966A1 (en) * 2002-01-23 2004-12-23 Kraker Thomas A. Smoking articles with reduced ignition proclivity characteristics
US8863757B2 (en) 2002-01-23 2014-10-21 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking articles with reduced ignition proclivity characteristics
US20040099279A1 (en) * 2002-11-25 2004-05-27 Chapman Paul Stuart Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US6976493B2 (en) 2002-11-25 2005-12-20 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20040099280A1 (en) * 2002-11-25 2004-05-27 Stokes Cynthia Stewart Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US6997190B2 (en) 2002-11-25 2006-02-14 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20060124146A1 (en) * 2002-11-25 2006-06-15 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US20040118420A1 (en) * 2002-12-20 2004-06-24 Barnes Vernon Brent Equipment and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US20050039764A1 (en) * 2002-12-20 2005-02-24 Barnes Vernon Brent Equipment and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US7281540B2 (en) 2002-12-20 2007-10-16 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Equipment and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US7073514B2 (en) 2002-12-20 2006-07-11 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Equipment and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US7448390B2 (en) 2003-05-16 2008-11-11 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Equipment and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US7276120B2 (en) 2003-05-16 2007-10-02 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Materials and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US20040237980A1 (en) * 2003-05-16 2004-12-02 Holmes Gregory Alan Materials and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US20040237978A1 (en) * 2003-05-16 2004-12-02 Barnes Vernon Brent Materials and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US8905043B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2014-12-09 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US20080295854A1 (en) * 2006-03-31 2008-12-04 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US8925556B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2015-01-06 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US8707967B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2014-04-29 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US8733370B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2014-05-27 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US9161570B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2015-10-20 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US8939156B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2015-01-27 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US20110155158A1 (en) * 2006-03-31 2011-06-30 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded Papers, Smoking Articles and Methods
US8833377B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2014-09-16 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US8844540B2 (en) 2006-03-31 2014-09-30 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded papers, smoking articles and methods
US8701682B2 (en) 2009-07-30 2014-04-22 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded paper, smoking article and method
US20110023901A1 (en) * 2009-07-30 2011-02-03 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Banded paper, smoking article and method
US9302522B2 (en) 2010-12-13 2016-04-05 Altria Client Services Llc Process of preparing printing solution and making patterned cigarette wrappers
US9668516B2 (en) 2012-05-16 2017-06-06 Altria Client Services Llc Banded cigarette wrapper with opened-area bands

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