US229305A - Island - Google Patents

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US229305A US229305DA US229305A US 229305 A US229305 A US 229305A US 229305D A US229305D A US 229305DA US 229305 A US229305 A US 229305A
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    • A46B11/00Brushes with reservoir or other means for applying substances, e.g. paints, pastes, water
    • A46B11/001Brushes with reservoir or other means for applying substances, e.g. paints, pastes, water with integral reservoirs
    • A46B11/0013Brushes with reservoir or other means for applying substances, e.g. paints, pastes, water with integral reservoirs dispensing by gravity or by shaking


" (N0 Mdel.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 1. A. T. GROSS. l
Fountain Pen.
Patented .lune 29' 1880.
m'tnesses. fg my rLPErERs. PHOT0-LifHOGRAPHER, WASNINGYON, D. C.
(N Model.) 2 sheets-sheen 2.
A. T. GROSS. Fountain Pen.
No. 229.305. Patented June 29, 1880.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 229,305, dated June 29, 1880. Application led April 24, 1880. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ALONZO T. GR'oss, of lrovidence,in the State of Rhode Island, have invented an Improvement in Fountain-Pens, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to that class of fountain-pens where the upper end of the reservoir is closed 'air-tight and air is admitted to the ink at the lower end of the ink-chamber, and it provides convenient means for clearing the line tube at the lower end of theink-chaniber, or at the point of the pen, from interfering sediv ment or ink deposit, without the necessity, as heretofore, of either opening or partially opening the ink-chamber, with consequent liability of soiling the ngers with ink.
It also provides means for preserving the proper relative position of the inlrdelivering tube and its inclosed clearing spindle, under slightly varying conditions, in the connectingjoint between the point-section and the main reservoir, thus rendering it practicable to use a friction-joint for this connection,`with consequent cheapness of manufacture.
Figure l is a central longitudinal section of a common fountain-pen provided with my improvement. Fig. 2 is a central longitudinal section of a stylographic fountain-pen provided with my improvement. Fig. 3 is an enlarged section, showing the point-section of a stylographic pen and the lower portion ofthe central air-tube and the reservoir. Fig. trepresents a transverse section, taken at the accompauyingdotted line, through the upper end Aof the spindle-carryin g guide in Fig. 3. Fig. 5 represents a transverse section, taken at the accompanying dotted'. line through the lower end of the spindle-carrying-guide. Figs. 6, 9, and 12 are central longitudinal sections of a stylographic fountain-pen, showing modifications of my improvement. Figs. 7, 8,10, and 11 are transverse sections of Figs. 6 and 9, respectively, taken at the accompanying dotted lines.
In the accompanying drawings, Fig. 1, A represents the ink-reservoir; B, the point-section 5 O, the central air-tube; D, the vent plug or valve; E, the ink-delivering tube, and F the Writing-pen.
Upon the lower end of the air-tube O is placed the loosely sliding spindle carrying l less shaded style.
guide Gr, t0 the lower end oi' which the tubeclearing spindle H is rigidly attached. The spindle Hpasses loosely through the contracted bore of the tube E, its point extending into the enlarged lower portion of the tube. The bore of the spindle-carryingguide G is contracted at the point g to receive the line-wire connection J, extending between the spindlecarrying guide andthe vent-valve D, the wire passing loosely through the contraction g, and being secured to the guide by means ot the enlargement or head j within the chamber K at the upper end of the spindle.
The veut-valve D is provided with a stem or guide, d', extending loosely for a short distance into the airtube, and the screw-thread el of the valve is cut away upon one side, in order that the air may enter the tube as soon as the flange of the valve is raised from its seat upon the upper end of the outer case or reservoir, A.
The wire J is fitted tightly into the stem or guide d of the valve, the swivel-joint in the spindle-carrying guide Gr serving to permit the valveto be turned for the purpose of opening or closing the vent, or for disconnecting the valye from the reservoir, the position of the head j and the contraction g being such that the screw-thread d may be entirely removed lwithout raising the guide Gr from its seat upon the upper end ot' the point-section.
llhe spindle-carrying guide G is provided at its upper end with the stop g', cut away, as
shown in Fig. 4, to allow the passage of ink from the main ink-chamber into the point-section, and with an enlargement, g2, at the lower end, also cut away, as shown in Fig. 5, to allow the passage of ink to the point of the pen. The enlargement g2, nearly tting the bore of the point-section, serves to preserve the central position of the spindle in its passage through the contracted bore ofthe tube E.
At the upper end of the point-section is placed the hollow screw L, by means of which the position of the lower end of the guide Gr. may be adjusted with reference to the contracted aperture or throat at the lower end of the chamber O, in order to allow a more or less rapid iiow of ink to the point of the peu, according as it is desired to write in a more or IOO The spindle-carrying guide G is provided upon one side with a slot, g3, opposite the lower end of theair-tube C, in order to allow for theV desirable adjustment of the position or" the guide without changing the point for admitof the point-section, and is thus made extensible, in order to permit the employment of pens F ofdifferentlen gths, the corresponding adjustment of the clearing-spindle and guide beingy made by means of the hollow screw L.
In using the pen the vent-valve is to be iirst slightly raised from its seat in order to admit airy to the tube C. Then, if through obstruction in the tube E the ink fails to iiow with the desired readiness to the pointJ of the pen, the valve D is to be wholly unscrcwed Iand drawn back, thus sliding the spindle-carrying guide G upon the air-tube C against the downward thrust ot' the spiral spring M, placed below the end oftheair-tube, and also moving the spindle H within the tube E. The sudden release ot' the valveD from the lingers allows the spring M to impart a rapid downward movement to the spindle and guide, thus forcibly ejecting the ink through the tube E against the under side of the pen F.
The difficulty of starting the iiow of ink for writin g in ordinary fountain-pens ot' this class, where the column of ink is supported by a vacuum, has greatly tended to prevent their extended use; but my above-described improvement provides, in a vacuum fountain-pen, convenient means for forcibly expelling the ink from the lower portion of the ink-chamber whenever desired.
In Fig. 2 the point-section B is attached to the reservoir A by means oi' a friction-joint, a, causing the upper end of the point-section to be pressed more or less within the outer tube, A, forming the reservoir, the end of the tube A, preferably made ot' hard rubber or similar material, being strengthened by means of an encircling metal band, b.
The spring M (shown in Fig. 1 as below the lower end of the air-tube within the guide) is in this case placed above the guide upon the outside of the air-tube, being held between the iXed collar c and the guide.
The stop g', made with open spaces for the `passage of ink, as shown in Fig. 4, rests against the upper end of the point-section B, thus preserving the properrelative positions of the lower end of the spindle H and inkdelivering tube E, whether the point-section is passed more or vless into the outer tube at the friction-joint. The position of the spindle H relatively to the stop g may be changed by means of the adjusting-screw t', the guide G being made in two parts, united by means of a screw-thread. The spindle H is attached to the guide G by means of the pin 7c passing through the slot l in the enlarged upper portion of the spindle, and the spindle is forced downward by means of the slight spiral spring m, operating between the loose washer n and the collar o upon the enlarged portion of the spindle, and the guide G is provided with a slot, g3, opposite the lower end of the air-tube, as in Fig. l.
The spring M, which imparts movement to the guide G1 is to be made stronger than the spring on, which operates the writing-spindle, in order that the guide G may be held tirmly while in the act of writing, allowing the spindle H to vibrate with the movement of the pen.
`Connection ismade by means of the wire J,
loosely connected to the guide G, thro gh the air-tube, to the stem of the vent-valve .Y
AIn ordinary cases, in writing with this stylographic fountain-peu, the ink will tlow readily from the writing-point upon slightly raising the vent-valve from its seat; but in ease the pen has been unused for some time,.or it' the ink is not clear from dirt or sediment, so that the flow does not commence at the instant ot' raising -the vent-valve, then, by simply unscrewing the valve and drawing the point of the spindle H back to the limit ot' the movement ofthe guide and suddenly releasing the same the spring M, acting against the guide, will throw the spindle downward, the guide operating as a plunger to forcibly eject a small quantity of ink through the tube at the writing-point, thus' ef'ectually clearing and starting the pen. The point-cap N may now be placed upon the upper portion ot' the handle or reservoir, the necessary supply ot' air passing to the vent-valve, and thence to the airtube through the hole i in the side of the cap.
Fig. 3 represents a stylographic fountain- IOO pen with the spindle H rigidly attached to the C, in order to admit air to the tube upon sim-.
ply raising the vent-cap from its seat upon the upper end of the reservoir. The vent-cap D is to be entirely removed from the top of the reservoir, whenever it is desired to clear the point ot' the pen, by means of the backward movement of the spindle, as hereinbeiore described.
The tube C is made in two parts, the portion c being madev of hard rubber and the portion o2 of silver, or of a metal not readily corroded by the acids contained in ordinary writing-ink, and the spring M is placed upon the metal tube between the end of the tube c and the spindle-carrying guide G. The wire J is connected to the guide by passing through the hole s in one side thereof and then passing around the body ofthe guide.
In Fig. 9 the wire J terminates in a ball or knob, e, at the upper end of a small metal tube, P, passing through theinkchamber and out at the upper end of the reservoir, the air passing into the ink-chamber through the duct a', made'in the side wall of the reservoir, being prevented from passing down the tube P by reason of its comparatively small bore, and by the thread of the screw closely fitting the screw-thread of the vent-cap.
The writing-spindle His provided with an enlarged lengthened shank, H', to form a guide loosely passing into the bore of the tube P. The wire J is firmly secured in the upper end of the guide H', and the spring M is placed upon theA guide H between the lower end of the tubeP and the grooved stop t at the lower end of the guide, which rests against the interior shoulder of the point-section.
By slightly unscrewing the vent-cap air will be admitted to the lower portion of the inkchamber through the duct a, and in case it is desired to cleanse the iine tube E from sediment the vent-cap D is to be entirely removed and the spindle drawn back, as hereinbeforc described, by means of the wire passin gthrou gh the tube P, the downward movement of the spindle bein glimited by the poin t-section when the pen is closed and ready for use, and by the wire and knob, or by an equivalent stop, whenever the pointsection is removed for the purpose of filling the reservoir.
In Fig. l2 the spindle-guide El is held in the point-section and disconnected from either the air-tube or the main reservoir, a-nd in this case the sliding extension G upon the air-tube is to be drawn back by means of the connected wireJ passing' loosely through the air-tube, as hereinbefore described. The tube E may then be cleared by either shaking the guide H back and forth longitudinally through the increased space'between its upper end and the lower end of the sliding extension G', or by allowing the extension-piece G to spring back suddenly by the action of the spring M, forcing the guide H downward and ejecting a quantity of ink.
through the tube E. The sliding extension G is secured to the air-tube by means of the pin b passing through the slot g3 in the side of the extension.
I do not claim in this application an air passage or duct made in the solid side or wall of the reservoir, as shown in Fig. 9, the same having been shown and claimed by me in a prior application.
I claim as my inventionl. In a fountain-pen in which the column of ink in the reservoir is supported by atmospheric pressure, an ink-deliverin g tube of small diameter, in combination with an inclosed tube-clearin g spindle,provided with means for forcible backward movement, passing through an inclosi'ng-tube to the upper portion of the ink-reservoir, and operating against the downward action of a spring, substantially as described.
2. ln a fountain-pen in which the column of ink in the reservoir is supported by atmospheric pressure, lthe combination ofan airsupplying tube with a sliding extension forced downward to its stop by means of a spring, and provided with means for forcible retraction, passing through the air-tube to theyupper portion of the reservoir, substantially as and i'or the purpose specified.
3. In a fountain-pen in which the column of ink in the reservoir is supported by atmospheric pressure, and an ink-delivering tube of small diameter, the combination of a tubeclearing spindle with the vent plug or valve by means of a loose swiveled connection passing through the air-supplying tube, substantially as described.
4. In a fountain-pen in which the column of ink in the reservoir is supported by atmospheric pressure, a point-section provided with a hollow screw at its upper end, to form an adjustable seat for a spindle-carrying guide operated downward by a spring, substantially as described.
ALONZO T. CROSS. Witnesses:
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