US2291599A - Solenoid - Google Patents

Solenoid Download PDF

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Publication number
US2291599A
US2291599A US309596A US30959639A US2291599A US 2291599 A US2291599 A US 2291599A US 309596 A US309596 A US 309596A US 30959639 A US30959639 A US 30959639A US 2291599 A US2291599 A US 2291599A
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Prior art keywords
plunger
tube
opening
solenoid
base
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Expired - Lifetime
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US309596A
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William A Ray
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William A Ray
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01FMAGNETS; INDUCTANCES; TRANSFORMERS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR MAGNETIC PROPERTIES
    • H01F7/00Magnets
    • H01F7/06Electromagnets; Actuators including electromagnets
    • H01F7/08Electromagnets; Actuators including electromagnets with armatures
    • H01F7/16Rectilinearly-movable armatures
    • H01F7/1607Armatures entering the winding

Description

Aug. 4, 1942. w. A. RAY 2,291,599

SOLENOID Filed Deo. le, 195s f fa.

WMU/m4 14. ,Q/fy,

Zhwentor;

B /Ax MM Gftorneg Patented "Augt 4, 1942 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE SOLENOID William A. Ray, Glendale, Calif.

Application December 16, 1939, Serial No. 309,596

(ici. :U-341) 5 Claims.

My present invention relates to electromagnetic operators and in particular to an alternating current solenoid operator employing a reciprocable plunger.

It has been found that, in such an operator, it is essential to very accurately center or guide both ends of the plunger in order that the operator shall be hum-free when energized. A typical example of means for that purpose is disclosed in Patent No. 2,098,195, issued to me November 2, 1937.

It is an object of my present invention to provide improved guiding means for a solenoid plunger, which means will assure accurate centering of the plunger within the tube in which it is reciprocable.

In a solenoid operator of the type described, it is generally necessary or desirable that guiding means for the outer end of the plunger be provided as a separate member which, in assembly, must be accurately secured in position.

It is therefore aparticular object of my invention to provide a guide bushing for the plunger, and means for accurately centering the bushing with respect to the plunger tube.

Other objects and advantages of my invention will be found in the description, the drawing, and the appended claims.

For complete understanding of the invention, reference may be had to the following detailed description and accompanying drawing, wherein:

Figure 1 is a sectional view of a solenoid valve embodying my present invention; and

F ig. 2 is a fragmentary section taken along the line 2 2 of Fig. 1.

In the drawing, the solenoid operator of my invention is shown, by Way of example, applied to a fluid control valve comprising a casing It having an inlet and an outlet separated by a ported partition I2 provided with a valve seat I3. Threadedly supported in an upper extension of said casing is a base member I4 for the operator, having a central cylindrical opening therethrough wherein is sealingly secured the lower end portion of a plunger tube I5 of non-magnetic material.

Reciprocable within said plunger tube is a plunger member I6, of magnetic material, the upper outer portion of which is generally square in cross-section and has rounded corners conforming to the curvature of the plunger tube, as shown in Fig. 2. The diameter of the plunger across its corners is appreciably less than the inner diameter of the tube.

The upper end o1' the plunger tube is closed by a member Il of non-magnetic material carrying an outer ring i8 and a plunger stop member i9, both of magnetic material. The lower end of the stop member is of generally conical form and is cooperable, when the plunger is in its attracted position as shown, with a concentric recess formed in a magnetic number 29 which is carried by the plunger tube, a non-magnetic member 2i being interposed therebetween.

The magnetic function of the members referred to in the preceding paragraph has been described in detail in my Patent No. 2,098,195. It suces herein to state that the cooperating members I9 and 2li serve to accurately center the upper end of the plunger in the tube when the solenoid is energized by current flow in coil member 22.

Slidable in the bore of the cylindrical lower end portion 23 of plunger i6 is a rod 24 carrying on its lower end a valve member 25 cooperable with the seat I3. This rod serves to provide impact action in the opening of the valve.

The lower end of the opening in the base member iii is outwardly tapered to receive a frustoconical guide bushing 26 having a concentric bore which is a close sliding nt for the cylindrical lower end 23 of the plunger. A recessed wire snap-ring 2l retains the guide bushing 26 tightly in position in the tapered seat or recess of member lll. Openings 28 permit fluid communication with the space surrounding the upper end of the plunger. A spring 29, compressed between the valve member and a recessed bottom surface of the guide bushing 26, urges the plunger down- Ward.

It will be seen that, by my present invention, I have provided simple, effective means for ensuring the accuracy of centering of the plunger in production manufacture of solenoids.

I wish it to be understood that modications may be made in the specic embodiment of my invention, herein shown and described, Without departing from the spirit of my invention and that I intend therefore to be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

I claim as my invention:

1. In a solenoid operator, a plunger tube, a plunger reciprocable in said tube, a base member for rigidly supporting an end portion of said tube, a bushing for continuously and closely guiding said plunger, said base member being provided with a tapered recess in axial alignment with said tube and said bushing having a corresponding taper on its outer wall cooperable with said recess, and means for locking said bushing against movement in said recess.

2. In a solenoid operator. an spertured base member. a cylindrical plunger tube rigidly supported at one end in the aperture ofisaid base member, a plunger freely reciprocable in said tube. s frusto-conical member having s concentric .cylindrical opening for closely guiding said plunger throughout its complete stroke. s p0rtionoftheinnersidewallatthefreeendofthe aperture of said base member having a corresponding taper .so as to receive said guide member in axial alignment with said tube, the taper having substantial area of contact with the frusto-conical member. and means for retaining said guide member against movement in said tapered aperture.

3. In a solenoid operator, a -base member having a cylindrical opening therethrough, s cylindrical plunger tube rigidly supported in one end f said opening, the other end of said opening being outwardly tapered, a plunger freely reciprocable in said tube, a frusta-conical member fitting the tapered end of said opening and having a concentric hole therethrough for continuously and closely guiding a portion of said plunger whereby the plunger is maintained out of engagement with the inner wall of said tube. and

means for continuously retaining said guide member against movement in said tapered opening.

4. In a solenoid operator. a base member having a cylindrical opening therethrough, a cylindrical plunger tube rigidly supported in one end of said opening. the other end of said opening being outwardly tapered. a plunger freely reciprocable in said tube, means mounted in the free end of said tube and engageable with one end of said plunger for centering the same 'in said tube. a frusta-conical member having a taper fitting the tapered end of said opening and having a concentric hole therethrough for closely guiding the other end portion of said plunger throughout its complete stroke. and means for continuously retaining said guide member against movement inthetaperedendofsaidopening.

5. In a solenoid operator. a base member having a cylindrical opening therethrough@ cylindrical plunger tube closed at one end and rigidly supported at its other end in one end of said opening, the other end of said opening being outwardly tapered. a plunger freely reciprocable in said tube, means mounted in the closed end of said tube and engageable with one end of said plunger for centering the same in said tube. a truste-conical member having a taper fitting the tapered end of said opening and having a concentric hole therethrough for continuously and closely guiding the other end portion 'of said plunger. said guide member having a passage therethrough communicating with the interior of `said tube, and means for continuously retaining said guide member against movement in the ta- WILLIAM A. RAY.

US309596A 1939-12-16 1939-12-16 Solenoid Expired - Lifetime US2291599A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2449438A (en) * 1944-07-25 1948-09-14 Adel Prec Products Corp Solenoid with plunger
US2493386A (en) * 1945-11-21 1950-01-03 Gen Controls Co Antivibration plunger type electromagnet
US2504428A (en) * 1948-06-22 1950-04-18 Ruggles Klingemann Mfg Co Electrically operated shutoff valve
US2562392A (en) * 1949-03-28 1951-07-31 Gen Controls Co Plunger type solenoid with casing
US2569027A (en) * 1945-02-12 1951-09-25 United Aircraft Prod Lightweight solenoid valve
US2569751A (en) * 1945-04-21 1951-10-02 Alco Valve Co Three-way valve
US2612188A (en) * 1947-04-11 1952-09-30 Mcquay Norris Mfg Co Solenoid-operated gas valve
US2616955A (en) * 1945-01-01 1952-11-04 Alco Valve Co Solenoid
US2629766A (en) * 1949-07-05 1953-02-24 Alco Valve Co Solenoid operated actuator
US2650617A (en) * 1950-09-07 1953-09-01 Missouri Automatic Contr Corp Electromagnetic valve
US2651744A (en) * 1949-02-02 1953-09-08 Mcquaynorris Mfg Company Control device
US2705608A (en) * 1952-06-11 1955-04-05 Refinite Corp Non-chattering pilot controlled diaphragm valve
US2923521A (en) * 1956-09-24 1960-02-02 Gen Controls Co Hum free solenoid mechanism
US2923520A (en) * 1956-09-24 1960-02-02 Gen Controls Co Hum-free solenoid mechanism
DE1254767B (en) * 1963-07-15 1967-11-23 Danfoss As A method for producing a solid anchor tube for electromagnets, in particular for solenoid valves, and then prepared anchor tube
US3593241A (en) * 1969-07-18 1971-07-13 Alfred J Ludwig Solenoid valve having a slotted flux sleeve for nesting the winding leads
EP0027404A1 (en) * 1979-10-16 1981-04-22 Merlin Gerin Miniature electric circuit breaker in moulded case
US5960776A (en) * 1996-11-21 1999-10-05 Siemens Canada Limited Exhaust gas recirculation valve having a centered solenoid assembly and floating valve mechanism
US20090111909A1 (en) * 2007-10-23 2009-04-30 Jig-A-World Inc. Sprayable surface repair compound
CN102348918A (en) * 2009-03-16 2012-02-08 阿尔特弥斯智能动力有限公司 Electronically controlled valves
US20160146204A1 (en) * 2014-11-25 2016-05-26 Hyundai Motor Company Plunger apparatus for high pressure pump

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2449438A (en) * 1944-07-25 1948-09-14 Adel Prec Products Corp Solenoid with plunger
US2616955A (en) * 1945-01-01 1952-11-04 Alco Valve Co Solenoid
US2569027A (en) * 1945-02-12 1951-09-25 United Aircraft Prod Lightweight solenoid valve
US2569751A (en) * 1945-04-21 1951-10-02 Alco Valve Co Three-way valve
US2493386A (en) * 1945-11-21 1950-01-03 Gen Controls Co Antivibration plunger type electromagnet
US2612188A (en) * 1947-04-11 1952-09-30 Mcquay Norris Mfg Co Solenoid-operated gas valve
US2504428A (en) * 1948-06-22 1950-04-18 Ruggles Klingemann Mfg Co Electrically operated shutoff valve
US2651744A (en) * 1949-02-02 1953-09-08 Mcquaynorris Mfg Company Control device
US2562392A (en) * 1949-03-28 1951-07-31 Gen Controls Co Plunger type solenoid with casing
US2629766A (en) * 1949-07-05 1953-02-24 Alco Valve Co Solenoid operated actuator
US2650617A (en) * 1950-09-07 1953-09-01 Missouri Automatic Contr Corp Electromagnetic valve
US2705608A (en) * 1952-06-11 1955-04-05 Refinite Corp Non-chattering pilot controlled diaphragm valve
US2923521A (en) * 1956-09-24 1960-02-02 Gen Controls Co Hum free solenoid mechanism
US2923520A (en) * 1956-09-24 1960-02-02 Gen Controls Co Hum-free solenoid mechanism
DE1254767B (en) * 1963-07-15 1967-11-23 Danfoss As A method for producing a solid anchor tube for electromagnets, in particular for solenoid valves, and then prepared anchor tube
US3593241A (en) * 1969-07-18 1971-07-13 Alfred J Ludwig Solenoid valve having a slotted flux sleeve for nesting the winding leads
EP0027404A1 (en) * 1979-10-16 1981-04-22 Merlin Gerin Miniature electric circuit breaker in moulded case
FR2468202A1 (en) * 1979-10-16 1981-04-30 Merlin Gerin Miniature electric circuit breaker with molded housing
US5960776A (en) * 1996-11-21 1999-10-05 Siemens Canada Limited Exhaust gas recirculation valve having a centered solenoid assembly and floating valve mechanism
US20090111909A1 (en) * 2007-10-23 2009-04-30 Jig-A-World Inc. Sprayable surface repair compound
CN102348918A (en) * 2009-03-16 2012-02-08 阿尔特弥斯智能动力有限公司 Electronically controlled valves
US20160146204A1 (en) * 2014-11-25 2016-05-26 Hyundai Motor Company Plunger apparatus for high pressure pump

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