US2282977A - Hydraulic operating mechanism for pumps - Google Patents

Hydraulic operating mechanism for pumps Download PDF

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Publication number
US2282977A
US2282977A US294151A US29415139A US2282977A US 2282977 A US2282977 A US 2282977A US 294151 A US294151 A US 294151A US 29415139 A US29415139 A US 29415139A US 2282977 A US2282977 A US 2282977A
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United States
Prior art keywords
valve
cylinder
sucker rod
pump
piston
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Expired - Lifetime
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US294151A
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Rodney R Mast
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CENTRAL SPECIALTY Co
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CENTRAL SPECIALTY Co
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Priority to US294151A priority Critical patent/US2282977A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B17/00Pumps characterised by combination with, or adaptation to, specific driving engines or motors
    • F04B17/03Pumps characterised by combination with, or adaptation to, specific driving engines or motors driven by electric motors
    • F04B17/04Pumps characterised by combination with, or adaptation to, specific driving engines or motors driven by electric motors using solenoids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B47/00Pumps or pumping installations specially adapted for raising fluids from great depths, e.g. well pumps
    • F04B47/02Pumps or pumping installations specially adapted for raising fluids from great depths, e.g. well pumps the driving mechanisms being situated at ground level
    • F04B47/04Pumps or pumping installations specially adapted for raising fluids from great depths, e.g. well pumps the driving mechanisms being situated at ground level the driving means incorporating fluid means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S417/00Pumps
    • Y10S417/904Well pump driven by fluid motor mounted above ground

Description

May 12, 1942. R. R. MAST 2,282,977

HYDRAULIC OPERATING MECHANISM FOR A'PUMP Fil ed Sept. 9, 1959 a Sheets-Sheet 1 nv VENTOR wan A TTORNE Y MaylZ, 1942. R. R. MAST 2,282,977

HYDRAULIC OPERATING MECHANISM FORA' PUMF Filed Sept. 9, 1939 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR ATTORNEY May 12, 1942. R. R. MAST 2,282,977

HYDRAULIC OPERATING MECHANISM FOR'A' PUMP Filed Sept. 9, 1939 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 IN VENTOR A TTORNEY Patented May 12, 1942;

HYDRAULIC ornmrnvomncnamsm murmurs .Rodney R. Mast, Ypsilanti, Mich., assignor to Central Specialty Company, Ypsilanti, Mich., a

. corporationof Michigan Application September 9, 1939, Serial No. 294,151

' 1 Claim. (CI. 60-52) This invention relates to hydraulic operating mechanism for a pump such as used for pumping oil wells or other wells of considerablev depth and wherein the pump is located at the well.

' The principal object of the invention is to' provide a hydraulic operating mechanism for a pump of a character to regulate and control the speed of the pump to suit the varying conditions at any given time or any given well so that the speed of operation of thepump automatically conforms to the rapidity with which oil or liquid of other character can flow'into the well.

In the conventional counterweighted and crank actuated beam pump for oil wells, the sucker rod assembly attached thereto is forced to return to the bottom of the well at times when there is a gas pressure suflicient to force the oil to the top of the well and it is therefore desirable to allow the pump to dwell or stop entirely during such period of gas pressure. A feature and ob-" ject of this invention therefore is to provide a means automatically controlling movement of 'the sucker rod so that it may dwell or stop on the down stroke at any time the gas pressure is suflicient to lift the oil to or toward the top of the well. A further object of the invention resides in the means providing a regulated uniform movement of the sucker rod on either the upward or the downward stroke and in the means providing for controlof the speed of operation of the apparatus and proper balance between the counterweight and sucker rod.

It is further an object and feature of the invention to provide a means for attaching the frame of the hydraulic operating mechanism to the well casing thereby avoiding the difliculties encountered in the conventional method of bolting the pump to concrete or heavy timber foundations which involves added expense in frequent levelling and adjusting required in soft ground to maintain the direction of pull on the sucker rod in line with the well casing.

These and other objects and features of the invention are hereinafter more fully described and claimed and the preferred form of a pumping apparatus embodying my invention is shown in the accompanying drawings in which-'- Fig. 1 is a side elevation of my improved pump.

Fig. 2 is a perspective view thereof, more clearly showing the hydraulic mechanism.

Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the anchoring means for attaching the pump frame to the well casing.

Fig. 4 is a front elevation thereof of the anchoring means taken on line 44 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 shows the hydraulically controlled mechanism in diagrammatic form in the position of parts when the pump is on the lift stroke.

Fig. 6 is a similar diagram showing the hydraulic control part in the position assumedlon the return stroke.

Fig. 7 is a similar view showing the condition of the hydraulic apparatus at the instant of reversal.

Fig. 8 is a side elevation partly in section of the pump element of the hydraulic apparatus.

My improved hydraulic operating mechanism comprises a frame having the side rails or runners l and 2 which may be tied together in any approved manner as by a cross member 3 or additional connecting members as may be desired. Also vertical members 4 and 5 are provided at the forward end of the side members and additional vertical elements 6 and I provide guides for a counterweight 8. A pair of spaced frame elements 9 and III are attached at the bottom ends to the ends of the respective rails l and 2 and extend forwardly and upwardly inclined and terminate in forwardly extending plates H and I2 having horizontal edges each provided with three notches l3, l4 and Hi. There is provided a spiral grooved pulley l6 having a shaft normally supported in the notches l3 of the opposite plates II and I2. There is likewise a pulley I! the shaft of which is supported in the notches l5 of the plates II and I2. Over these pulleys rides a cable I8 connected to the sucker rod l9 at its upper end and thence over the pulley l1 and around the spiral grooved pulley Hi to a counterweight 20. Attached to this cable is a comparatively short length of cable 2| attached at one end to the cable I8 and at the other end to a yoke consisting of a cross bar 22 and side rods 23 and 24 these rods extending through a cast head 25 and along the side of the cylinder 26 to a cross bar 21 at the lower end of the cylinder and to which is attached the piston rod 28. The cylinder extends between the forward .head 25 and a rear head 29 and is mounted on rod I9 by the cable 2| attached to the pump cable l8; Attached to the head of the cylinder 26 is a valve housing 33 by which the flow of oil operating the piston is controlled as will be more clearly understood from the diagrams Figs. 5, 6 and 7.

The member 3 which may conveniently provide a cross member between the side rails l and 2, as shown in Fig. 2, forms an oil reservoir 34. On this reservoir as shown in the diagrams in Figs. 6, '7 and 8is mounted a pump 35 havinga chamber 36 and a rotary impeller 31 driven by .an electric motor 38. The pump intake conduit is shown at 39 and an outlet conduit at 40 which leads to the head of the cylinder 26. This cylinder 26 has a passageway 4| at the forward end controlled by the adjustable valve 42 and there is also a passageway 43 opening to the interior of the cylinder 26 on pressure in the conduit 40 and the extension 44 thereof provided in the cylinder head. A check valve 45 closes the passageway 43 on the pressure in the cylinder 36 as is indicated in Fig. 6. The extension 44 opens to the valve chamber in the valve head 33 and there is also a conduit 46 opening to the said chamber and discharging to the reservoir 34, the conduit 46 being parallel with the conduit 40.

Between the two conduits 40 and 46 is a cross conduit formed of two sections 48 and 49 and a valve 50 is provided between the two sections which may be manually set to provide for greater or a less speed of flow of oil through the conduits 48 and 49 from the conduit 40 to the conduit 46. A slidable piston valve is provided in the chamber of the valve head which has a projecting stem 52 and likewise a similar piston valve 53 is provided in the said valve head having a projecting stem 54 on the inner end engageable with the valve 5| on movement thereof to the right or movement of the valve 53 to the left and this valve 53 has a projecting stem 55. The hydraulic apparatus takes oil from the reservoir 34'and discharges to the head of the piston 56 to raise the sucker rod by means of the rods 23 and 24 to which the cable 2| is attached at the forward end and to which the piston 56 in the cylinder 26 is attached at the rear end. The hydraulic mechanism therefore merely raises the sucker rod on the pumping stroke and the weight of the sucker rod assembly and column of oil reverses the stroke of the piston 56 in the cylinder 26. 1

With this understanding it is to be noted that a pump 35 delivers oil under pressure to one end of the cylinder 26 through the pipe 40 and extension 44 and through the passageway 43 and by regulation of the valve 50 oil may be by-passed in varying volume to the return conduit 46 and this regulates the rate of travel of the piston 56 throughout the pumping stroke and also permits the starting or stopping of the pumping stroke without stopping operation of the pump 35.

In Fig. 5 the pump 35 is supplying oil under pressure to the piston 56 and raising the sucker rod. This also shifts the frame elements 23 and 24 to which the cable 2| is attached. This frame element has a valve operating lug 51 at its forward end which is axially aligned with the projecting stem 55 of the valve 53 and as the piston 56 reaches the end of its stroke this lug 51 engages the stem 55 and moves the valve 53 to the left of the position shown in Fig. 5 thus moving the valve 5| to the'left to the position shown in Fig. 6. This movement of the valve 5| opens the passageway 44 to the passageways in which the valves 5| and 53 are located and tothe return passageway 46. This valve movement occurs at the time the well pump is practically finishing its up stroke and the sucker rod assembly and column of oil by weight onthe cable portion 2| then moves the piston 56 in the direction of the arrow shown in Fig. 6 forcing oil through the passageway 4|, the passageway 44 and to the return passageway 46 and maintains pressure in the air chamber 6| due to pressure of liquid in the cylinder. The speed of movement of the piston 56 and of the return of the sucker rod assembly in the well is controlled by the valve 42 due to the fact that the valve 45 is closed at this time by pressure in the cylinder. At the same time oil under pressure is passed through the conduit 60 past the check valve 62 into the chamber 6|. The check valve 62 will close upon reduction in pressure in the chamber 6|. 011 under pressure from the pump 35, under this return movement of the piston 56, is opposed to oil flowing in the direction of the arrow in the cylinder 26 which is being returned by weight of the sucker rod assembly.

This causes a momentary increase of pressure in the cylinder 26 which forces the oil into the chamber 6| through the check valve 62 and the oil that is forced into the chamber 6| is allowed to exhaust through a valve controlled by-pass 63 during movement of the piston 56 to the left on the pumping stroke. This arrangement of a the chamber 6| and related parts described serves to control the rapidity of the return movement of the sucker rod assembly, it being borne in mind that the pump 35 is continuously operating. At the completion of the downward movement of the sucker rod assembly, the parts of the hydraulic apparatus are in the condition and position shown in Fig. 7. This movement of the piston 56 to the right brings the spring pressed rod 64 to contact with the projecting stem 52 of the valve 5| and moves the valve to the right thereby.closing the conduit 40 to the valve chamber in the head 33. Upon this occurring the pressure of oil in the head of the cylinder 26 starts the piston 56 in a reverse direction at which time the cylinder. 6| will become partially depleted of they oil content and the parts will then function to raise the sucker rod assembly gs ix; the beginning and described relative to A feature of the invention resides in the manner of securing the pumping apparatus at the well. Frequently apparatus of this character has to be set in wet and/or soft ground and previously concrete orother foundations are provided of suflicient area to support the pumping apparatus but due to the strains imposed thereon by the sucker rod assembly and weight of column of liquid lifted thereby, the foundation may shift or be deflected from the original position by frost and thus misaligns the apparatus so that the direction of pull on the sucker rod is not vertically aligned with the sucker rod.

To overcome this undesirable condition I provide an arrangement shown in Figs. 1, 3 and 4 for supporting the forward end of the pumping apparatus on the well casing. For this purpose I provide a bracket having arms 13 and 1| respectively attached to the rails and 3 at the forward ends. Each bracket is provided with an offset 12 to which is attached the plate 13 apertured to receive the sucker rod IS. The lower ends of the brackets 10 and II are secured to a casing 14 having a removable cap 15 which tightly clamps the well casing 16 between the cap and casting. It may also be desirable to weld a ring 11 to the well casing on which the and the shaft therefor placed in the recesses M in which case the pulley U will be positioned at one side or the other of the pulley l6. This disposition of the pulley I1 permits the sucker rod to be moved vertically as the pulley is out of the path of the sucker rod movement.

It will be realized from the foregoing that, if

' the sucker rod assembly is supported by pressure in the well or restricted in its downward movement, the piston 56 will remain stationary or be restricted in its movement as operation of the hydraulic apparatus is dependent on the weight of the sucker rod assembly to bring the parts to a position to operate the valve and reverse the direction of pressure in the cylinder 26.

It is also to be observed that under normal conditions downward movement of the sucker rod assembly is controlled and is cushioned by the chamber 6! and that the sucker rod assembly is not subject to sudden jerks in the reversal of its direction of travel, but on the contrary 'a very smooth and uniform action or movement of the sucker rod assembly is secured,- and further that the various parts are constantly under a regulated pressure control even under pressure developing in the well, as the piston 56 is not moved outwardly of its cylinder on the pumping stroke until the valves 5| and 53 have been moved from the position shown in Fig. 6 to the position shown in Fig. 7.

Having thus fully described my invention, its

, utility and mode of operation, what I claim and desire'to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

Apparatus of the character described comprising a well casing, a sucker rod assembly reciprocable in the said casing, a cable connected therewith, a motor driven hydraulic apparatus including a constantly operating pump for providing liquid under pressure, a cylinder, a piston reciprocable therein, a frame attached to the piston and to the cable whereby reciprocation of the piston provides for reciprocation of the sucker rod assembly connected with the cable, a liquid supply source for the pump, a pump discharge conduit having an opening to the cylinder, a conduit for returning the liquid from the cylinder to the source of supply, a valve controlling the said opening operable by pressure in the discharge conduit to open the valve to permit flow of liquid into the cylinder from the pump, the said valve being closable by pressure of liquid developed in the cylinder by return movement of the piston, a valve controlled conduit for variably restricting discharge of liquid from the cylinder by the piston on the return stroke, valve means controlled through movement of the piston in the cylinder to close the discharge conduit to the return conduit whereby liquid under pressure is discharged through the said opening to the cylinder, the said valve means being operated by movement of the piston at the end of the pressure stroke to open the discharge conduit to the return conduit thereby relieving the piston of full pump pressure and permitting the same to be moved by the weight of the sucker rod assembly, an air chamber having a conduit in the bottom opening to the cylinder whereby on discharge of liquid to the cylinder, the air chamber is also supplied, a check valve associated with the air chamber for preventing direct return of the liquid to the chamber conduit, and a valve controlled by-pass from the said chamber to the said conduit discharging thereto for restricting the rapidity of flow from the air chamber.

RODNEY R. MAST.

US294151A 1939-09-09 1939-09-09 Hydraulic operating mechanism for pumps Expired - Lifetime US2282977A (en)

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Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2448675A (en) * 1943-11-06 1948-09-07 Peter L Loewe Control mechanism for a plurality of motors
US2455678A (en) * 1944-02-04 1948-12-07 Irving C Jennings Power transmission
US2476486A (en) * 1945-04-03 1949-07-19 Duncan H Ferguson Power-operated wrench
US2504218A (en) * 1946-05-10 1950-04-18 Cons Western Steel Corp Pump operating unit
US2555427A (en) * 1947-06-23 1951-06-05 Bendix Aviat Corp Hydraulic pumping system with preloaded hydraulic shock absorber
US2560285A (en) * 1948-07-15 1951-07-10 August F Habenicht Hydraulic power unit
US2628564A (en) * 1949-12-01 1953-02-17 Charles R Jacobs Hydraulic system for transferring rotary motion to reciprocating motion
US2637396A (en) * 1946-12-26 1953-05-05 Harris Seybold Co Paper drill
US2666292A (en) * 1948-03-18 1954-01-19 United Eng Foundry Co Control system for hydraulic presses
US2668517A (en) * 1951-10-23 1954-02-09 Chester R Craft Hydraulic oil well pump jack
US2674231A (en) * 1952-01-02 1954-04-06 Ohio Commw Eng Co Power pack for massage suits
US2676462A (en) * 1952-05-27 1954-04-27 Oliver Iron And Steel Corp Hydraulic power converter
US2680016A (en) * 1950-12-15 1954-06-01 Detroit Harvester Co Power unit
US2708800A (en) * 1949-08-15 1955-05-24 Pettibone Mulliken Corp Loader-crowding drive
US2729941A (en) * 1954-04-30 1956-01-10 Axelson Mfg Company Division O Fluid actuated pumping jack
US2784619A (en) * 1951-10-27 1957-03-12 Langenstein Und Schemann A G Control circuit for a hydraulic press
US2802336A (en) * 1953-07-23 1957-08-13 Joy Mfg Co Fluid motor driven shaker conveyor
US2809613A (en) * 1952-11-24 1957-10-15 Nathanial A Westbrook Hydraulic reversing mechanism
US2853057A (en) * 1956-08-16 1958-09-23 James H Mcauley Hydraulically operated reciprocating mechanism
US2865603A (en) * 1954-02-08 1958-12-23 Bucyrus Erie Co Hydraulically-operated spudding mechanism for cable-tool drills
US2875733A (en) * 1956-06-18 1959-03-03 Neil Irwin Mfg Company O Power driven tools
US2887846A (en) * 1956-01-19 1959-05-26 August F Habenicht Hydraulic power unit for deep well pumps
US2912286A (en) * 1957-03-29 1959-11-10 New York Air Brake Co Fluid pressure power brake system
US2934899A (en) * 1954-11-10 1960-05-03 Zephyr Laundry Machinery Compa Oil well pump drive unit
US2961833A (en) * 1958-09-25 1960-11-29 Dole Valve Co Heater control diverter
US3022738A (en) * 1959-04-20 1962-02-27 Krute Everett Archie Pump systems
US3064428A (en) * 1958-03-11 1962-11-20 Plasser Franz Hydraulic mechanism for driving rail fastening screws in railroad ties
US3165069A (en) * 1961-07-27 1965-01-12 Jaromir Tobias Hydraulic pressure automatic propulsion system
US3178888A (en) * 1963-04-15 1965-04-20 George R Soseman Plural output pump
US3205659A (en) * 1963-12-09 1965-09-14 Hartzell Industries Hydraulic transmission system
US3212407A (en) * 1964-11-18 1965-10-19 Rorvik John Hydraulic shifting device
US4184409A (en) * 1978-02-06 1980-01-22 Bessie L. Caldwell Hydraulic engine
US4432706A (en) * 1980-05-09 1984-02-21 Gilbertson Thomas A Oil well pump driving unit
US5996688A (en) * 1998-04-28 1999-12-07 Ecoquip Artificial Lift, Ltd. Hydraulic pump jack drive system for reciprocating an oil well pump rod
US6137888A (en) * 1997-06-02 2000-10-24 Nortel Networks Corporation EM interference canceller in an audio amplifier

Cited By (35)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2448675A (en) * 1943-11-06 1948-09-07 Peter L Loewe Control mechanism for a plurality of motors
US2455678A (en) * 1944-02-04 1948-12-07 Irving C Jennings Power transmission
US2476486A (en) * 1945-04-03 1949-07-19 Duncan H Ferguson Power-operated wrench
US2504218A (en) * 1946-05-10 1950-04-18 Cons Western Steel Corp Pump operating unit
US2637396A (en) * 1946-12-26 1953-05-05 Harris Seybold Co Paper drill
US2555427A (en) * 1947-06-23 1951-06-05 Bendix Aviat Corp Hydraulic pumping system with preloaded hydraulic shock absorber
US2666292A (en) * 1948-03-18 1954-01-19 United Eng Foundry Co Control system for hydraulic presses
US2560285A (en) * 1948-07-15 1951-07-10 August F Habenicht Hydraulic power unit
US2708800A (en) * 1949-08-15 1955-05-24 Pettibone Mulliken Corp Loader-crowding drive
US2628564A (en) * 1949-12-01 1953-02-17 Charles R Jacobs Hydraulic system for transferring rotary motion to reciprocating motion
US2680016A (en) * 1950-12-15 1954-06-01 Detroit Harvester Co Power unit
US2668517A (en) * 1951-10-23 1954-02-09 Chester R Craft Hydraulic oil well pump jack
US2784619A (en) * 1951-10-27 1957-03-12 Langenstein Und Schemann A G Control circuit for a hydraulic press
US2674231A (en) * 1952-01-02 1954-04-06 Ohio Commw Eng Co Power pack for massage suits
US2676462A (en) * 1952-05-27 1954-04-27 Oliver Iron And Steel Corp Hydraulic power converter
US2809613A (en) * 1952-11-24 1957-10-15 Nathanial A Westbrook Hydraulic reversing mechanism
US2802336A (en) * 1953-07-23 1957-08-13 Joy Mfg Co Fluid motor driven shaker conveyor
US2865603A (en) * 1954-02-08 1958-12-23 Bucyrus Erie Co Hydraulically-operated spudding mechanism for cable-tool drills
US2729941A (en) * 1954-04-30 1956-01-10 Axelson Mfg Company Division O Fluid actuated pumping jack
US2934899A (en) * 1954-11-10 1960-05-03 Zephyr Laundry Machinery Compa Oil well pump drive unit
US2887846A (en) * 1956-01-19 1959-05-26 August F Habenicht Hydraulic power unit for deep well pumps
US2875733A (en) * 1956-06-18 1959-03-03 Neil Irwin Mfg Company O Power driven tools
US2853057A (en) * 1956-08-16 1958-09-23 James H Mcauley Hydraulically operated reciprocating mechanism
US2912286A (en) * 1957-03-29 1959-11-10 New York Air Brake Co Fluid pressure power brake system
US3064428A (en) * 1958-03-11 1962-11-20 Plasser Franz Hydraulic mechanism for driving rail fastening screws in railroad ties
US2961833A (en) * 1958-09-25 1960-11-29 Dole Valve Co Heater control diverter
US3022738A (en) * 1959-04-20 1962-02-27 Krute Everett Archie Pump systems
US3165069A (en) * 1961-07-27 1965-01-12 Jaromir Tobias Hydraulic pressure automatic propulsion system
US3178888A (en) * 1963-04-15 1965-04-20 George R Soseman Plural output pump
US3205659A (en) * 1963-12-09 1965-09-14 Hartzell Industries Hydraulic transmission system
US3212407A (en) * 1964-11-18 1965-10-19 Rorvik John Hydraulic shifting device
US4184409A (en) * 1978-02-06 1980-01-22 Bessie L. Caldwell Hydraulic engine
US4432706A (en) * 1980-05-09 1984-02-21 Gilbertson Thomas A Oil well pump driving unit
US6137888A (en) * 1997-06-02 2000-10-24 Nortel Networks Corporation EM interference canceller in an audio amplifier
US5996688A (en) * 1998-04-28 1999-12-07 Ecoquip Artificial Lift, Ltd. Hydraulic pump jack drive system for reciprocating an oil well pump rod

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