US2280980A - Electron discharge device - Google Patents

Electron discharge device Download PDF

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Publication number
US2280980A
US2280980A US375113A US37511341A US2280980A US 2280980 A US2280980 A US 2280980A US 375113 A US375113 A US 375113A US 37511341 A US37511341 A US 37511341A US 2280980 A US2280980 A US 2280980A
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Prior art keywords
coaxial
cathode
control electrode
discharge device
leading
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Expired - Lifetime
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US375113A
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Arthur L Samuel
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Nokia Bell Labs
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Nokia Bell Labs
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Priority to US375113A priority Critical patent/US2280980A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01JELECTRIC DISCHARGE TUBES OR DISCHARGE LAMPS
    • H01J21/00Vacuum tubes
    • H01J21/02Tubes with a single discharge path
    • H01J21/06Tubes with a single discharge path having electrostatic control means only
    • H01J21/065Devices for short wave tubes

Description

April 28, 1942.

Filed Jan. 21, 1941 INVENTOR A. L. SAMUEL .4 T TOPNEV Patented Apr. 28,1942 7 azaopso ELECTRON DISCHARGE DEVICE Arthur L; Samuel, Summit, N. J., assignor to Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated, New

York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application January 21, 1941, Serial No. 375,113

6 Claims.

This invention relates to electron discharge devices and more particularly to,suchdevices of the electron beam type and especially suitable for use at ultra high frequencies.

One object of this invention is to decrease the losses in and thereby increase the efliciency of electron discharge devices.

Another object of this invention is toobtain highshielding of the input element, such as the control electrode or grid, in electron discharge devicesespecially suitable for ultra high frequency operation.

A further object of this invention is to facilitate the association of an electron discharge device with a coaxial line input system therefor.

In one illustrative embodiment of this invention, an electron discharge device comprises a cathode, a control electrode or grid and an anode mounted in succession in an enclosing vessel, the cathode being formed to produce an electron been directed upon the anode and subject to control by the-control electrode or grid.

In accordance with one feature of this invention,the cathode comprises anannular emlssive surface adjacent and coaxial with which a grid ismounted, the cathode and grid being provided with coaxial leading-in conductors. For example, theleading-in conductor for the control electrode or grid may be a linear rod or wire coaxial with the emissive surface of the cathode, and the leading-in system for the cathode may include a cylindrical portion coaxial with and encompassing the leading-in conductor for the control electrode or grid.

In accordance with another feature of this invention, the leading-in system to the cathode includes also a dished metallic member coaxial with and encompassing both the cylindrical portion aforementioned and the leading-in conductor for the control electrode, the dished member being adapted to have connected thereto, in coaxial relation with the cathode and control electrode, the outer conductor of a coaxial line.

The invention and the foregoing and other features thereof will be understood more clearly and fully from the following detailed description with reference to the accompanying drawing,in which:

Fig. 1 is an elevational view in section of an electron beam discharge device illustrative of one embodiment of this invention; and

Fig. 2 is an enlarged detail view in perspective of'the input end ofthe discharge device shownin Fig. 1, portions of the structure being (Cl. 250-27.5) i

broken away to show details of construction more clearly.

Referring now to the drawing, the electron discharge device there illustrated comprises an elongated, highly evacuated, vitreous enclosing vessel Ill at one end of which there is mounted a cup-shaped anode H, preferably of a material having poor secondary electron emission characteristics. Mounted at the other end of the vessel I0 is a unitary cathode structure which comprisesan annular metallic portion I! having a lip or flange l3 and coated on the surface facing the anode with a material having good thermionic emission characteristics, a cylindrical metallic portion I 4, which may be integral and coaxial with the annular portion l2 as shown and a metallic supporting member including a the side wall of the enclosing vessel l0. Secured to the annular member l6is a dished metallic shield I! which may be substantially hemispherical as shown and conforms to the portion of the enclosing vessel, thereadjacentt The cathode structure comprises also a heater element including a heating coil l8 encased in insulating material l9, one end 20 of'the coil I 8 being connected to the annular member 15 and the other end 2| thereof being connected to a leading-in conductor 22 sealed in the wall of the enclosing vessel I0 and extending through an aperture in the shield ll.

Mounted opposite the emissive portion H of the cathode is a control electrode or grid which,

coaxial with the cathode structure and sealed in one end of the enclosing vessel I0.

The conductor 25 constitutes the inner element of a coaxial transmission line, the 'outer element of the line 26 secured or connected to the metallic shield IT. This coaxial line may be tuned to the frequency at which the electron discharge device is intended to be operated, by a metallic slider 21 contacting with both the conductors 25 and 25.

The electrons emanating from the cathode define a hollow cylindrical beam and are concentrated and accelerated toward the anode H by a cylindrical electrode 28' which is supported in coaxial relation with the cathode structure by a metallic annulus 29 sealed in the wall of the being a cylindrical conductor effect, electrically integral parts or continuations of the coaxial input system. Consequently, a very low loss input is achieved; Also, it will be appreciated that the leading-in conductor 25 for the control electrode is highly shielded by the conductive members l4, l6, l1 and 28 at cathode potential, throughout substantially its entire length, whereby interaction between input and output is minimized.

Although a specific embodiment of the invention has been shown and described, it will be understood, of course,that it is only illustrative and that various modifications may be made therein without departing from the scope and spirit of this invention as defined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is: l

1. An electron discharge device comprising a hollow cathode structure including an annular substantially plane electron emissive surface, a control electrode coaxial with said surface and substantially parallel thereto, said surface and said control electrode being electrically symmetrical with respect to the common axis. thereof, an electron receiving element, means enclosing said cathode structure, electron receiving ele- 'ing element, means enclosing said cathode structure, electron receiving element, and control electrode, a linear leading-in conductor'connectedto said control electrode, coaxial with and extending through said structure, and means for shielding said leading-in conductor comprising a hollow metallic member electrically integral with said emissive surface and coaxial with said conductor and a cylindrical metallic member within said hollow member, coaxial therewith and encompassing said conductor.

3. An electron discharge device comprising a cathode structure having an annular substantially plane electron emissive surface, a control electrode coaxial with said emissive surface and comprising a plurality of radially extending wires overlying and parallel to said surface, an electron receiving electrode, and coaxial leading-in systems connected to said cathode and said control electrode, the cathode leading-in system encompassing the control electrode leading-in system,

and said cathode structure including a cylindrical metallic shield electrically integral with said emissive surface and encompassing said control electrode leading-in system.

4. An electron discharge device comprising a cathode structure having an annular substantially plane electron emissive surface, a control electrode coaxial with said emissive surface and comprising a plurality of radially extending wires overlying and parallel to said surface, an electron receiving electrode, and coaxial leading-in systems connected to said cathode and said control electrode.

5. An electron discharge device comprising an enclosing vessel, an annular cathode structure at one end of said vessel including an annular electron emissive element and an annular metallic member extending transversely of said vessel and projecting through the side wall thereof, an anode, a control electrode opposite said electron emissive element, a leading-in conductor connected to said control electrode, extending through and coaxial with said cathode structure and sealed in said one end of said vessel, and leading-in means connected to said cathode structure including a hollow member encompassing said one end of said vessel, electrically connected to said annular member and coaxial with said leading-in conductor.

6. An electron discharge device in accordance with claim 5 wherein said cathode structure in cludes a cylindrical metallic member, electrically integral with said annular member, coaxial with said leading-in conductor and substantially coextensive with the portion thereof within said enclosing vessel.

' RTHUR L. SAMUEL.

US375113A 1941-01-21 1941-01-21 Electron discharge device Expired - Lifetime US2280980A (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2416315A (en) * 1942-06-04 1947-02-25 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Electron discharge device
US2419544A (en) * 1941-06-13 1947-04-29 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Electron discharge tube
US2424002A (en) * 1940-11-04 1947-07-15 Research Corp High-frequency electronic tube
US2426198A (en) * 1941-10-24 1947-08-26 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Electron discharge tube for ultra high frequencies
US2428013A (en) * 1942-06-30 1947-09-30 Louis H Crook Electron tube
US2431638A (en) * 1942-08-18 1947-11-25 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Electron discharge apparatus
US2445763A (en) * 1942-12-24 1948-07-27 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Anode structure for an electron discharge device for ultra high frequencies
US2450629A (en) * 1944-03-14 1948-10-05 Gen Electric Ultra high frequency magnetron generator
US2451813A (en) * 1943-03-30 1948-10-19 Westinghouse Electric Corp Electron discharge device having an electron beam passage and aligning means therewith for the cathode
US2462082A (en) * 1941-12-19 1949-02-22 Int Standard Electric Corp Thermionic valve
US2488906A (en) * 1945-10-31 1949-11-22 Raytheon Mfg Co Velocity-modulated electrondischarge device
US2490110A (en) * 1945-10-31 1949-12-06 Int Standard Electric Corp Vacuum tube
US2500355A (en) * 1944-11-14 1950-03-14 Sylvania Electric Prod Electron discharge tube
US2646525A (en) * 1945-08-01 1953-07-21 Us Sec War Oscillator
US2875362A (en) * 1956-10-31 1959-02-24 Sylvania Electric Prod Beam collector
US3569769A (en) * 1967-12-27 1971-03-09 Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co Cathode with elongated heat dissipating and supporting member

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2424002A (en) * 1940-11-04 1947-07-15 Research Corp High-frequency electronic tube
US2419544A (en) * 1941-06-13 1947-04-29 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Electron discharge tube
US2426198A (en) * 1941-10-24 1947-08-26 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Electron discharge tube for ultra high frequencies
US2462082A (en) * 1941-12-19 1949-02-22 Int Standard Electric Corp Thermionic valve
US2416315A (en) * 1942-06-04 1947-02-25 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Electron discharge device
US2428013A (en) * 1942-06-30 1947-09-30 Louis H Crook Electron tube
US2431638A (en) * 1942-08-18 1947-11-25 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Electron discharge apparatus
US2445763A (en) * 1942-12-24 1948-07-27 Standard Telephones Cables Ltd Anode structure for an electron discharge device for ultra high frequencies
US2451813A (en) * 1943-03-30 1948-10-19 Westinghouse Electric Corp Electron discharge device having an electron beam passage and aligning means therewith for the cathode
US2450629A (en) * 1944-03-14 1948-10-05 Gen Electric Ultra high frequency magnetron generator
US2500355A (en) * 1944-11-14 1950-03-14 Sylvania Electric Prod Electron discharge tube
US2646525A (en) * 1945-08-01 1953-07-21 Us Sec War Oscillator
US2488906A (en) * 1945-10-31 1949-11-22 Raytheon Mfg Co Velocity-modulated electrondischarge device
US2490110A (en) * 1945-10-31 1949-12-06 Int Standard Electric Corp Vacuum tube
US2875362A (en) * 1956-10-31 1959-02-24 Sylvania Electric Prod Beam collector
US3569769A (en) * 1967-12-27 1971-03-09 Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co Cathode with elongated heat dissipating and supporting member

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