US228085A - Device for preventing horses from running - Google Patents

Device for preventing horses from running Download PDF


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US228085A US228085DA US228085A US 228085 A US228085 A US 228085A US 228085D A US228085D A US 228085DA US 228085 A US228085 A US 228085A
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    • B68B1/00Devices in connection with harness, for hitching, reining, training, breaking or quietening horses or other traction animals


(Model)- 7 H. A. LBHMAN.

Device for Preventing Horses from Running. v No. 228,085. Patented May 25,1880.




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 228,085, dated May 25, 1880.

' Application filed April 9, 1880. (ModeL) To all whom it may concern V I Be it known that I, HEINRICH A. LEHMAN, of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a new and valuable Improvement in Devices for Preventing Horses from Running Away; andI do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the construction and operation'of the same, reference being had to the annexed drawings, making a part of this specification, and to the letters and figures of reference marked thereon.

Figure l of the drawings is a representa tion of a side view of; my improved runawayhorse arrester. Fig.- 2 is a perspective view of the same, and Figs. 3 and 4 are details.

This invention has relation to improvements in means for stopping runaway horses; and it consists in the novel arrangement and construction of a clamp placed astraddle of the animals back and reaching down to its short ribs, which clamp is attached to the saddle and belly band, and being operated compresses the said ribs with such force thatthe animal is unable to get suflicient breath to keep up a running speed, and is forced to stop, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth.

In the annexed drawings, the letters A A designate the legs or jaws of the clamp, flexibly coupled together at a, and having above the coupling or hinge the handle ends I). The hinge is preferably constructed of leather,

. and, if desired, may be padded.

The jaws of the clamp are internally concaved, to correspond to the rounded flanks of the horse, and reach down to the short ribs.

The clamp is secured to the cantle of the harness-saddle by means of the straps c c, and to the belly-band by means of the branched strap d. In working position it is rearwardly inclined, as shown, and lies loosely upon the animal with its handle ends in contact, or nearly so, in no way interfering with its breathing or'comfort; but in the event of his running away a separation of the handle ends I) would cause the jaws A A to compress the body with such force that it could not expand or contract, and thus prevent a sufficient quantity of air from being drawn into the lungs to enable the animal to keep up a running speed.

The consequence of an insufficient air-supply would be that the animal would perforce be compelled to moderate the speed or stop altogether.

The separation of the handle ends of the clamp is accomplished by means of a lever, D, vibrating vertically and freely upon a bracket, G, theends of which are carried through the said handles on a level with the bending or flexing point of the hinge, and, being loose in said handles, do not interfere with the movements of the clamp. This lever is triangular-in cross-section, andis provided with a pull-cord or wire, 6, extending into the vehicle. This pull-cord being drawn upon forces the wedge-shaped portion 0 of the lever in between the beveled upper ends of the handles, separating them more or less according to the force exerted, and causing the jaws to gripe the body of the horse, as aforesaid, and with the result aforementioned.

Various devices have been heretofore used to prevent and stop runaways, such as blinders, chokers, and nose-clamps, all of which, being unnatural in their operation, tend rather to ter rify and madden the runaway and render it perfectly crazy and unmanageable rather than to compel it to stop. Scantbreath, however, is a condition in which every horse has been, and which he recognizes readily, both as to its results and remedy, and, this condition being the effect of the clamp, he naturally adopts the remedy and stops, instead of being terrified and rendered absolutely insane by the immediate deprivation of light and breath,

when every guiding instinct or perception is in abeyance, and irreparable injury may be done.

A runaway horse stops of his own accord when he loses his wind, and the clamp above described produces the same condition in a short time and a corresponding result.

What I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. In a horse-arrester, the combination of the hinged jaws adapted to straddle the back of the animal, and having the handle ends I),

and an angular lever, D,'fulerumed on the In testimony that I claim the above I have 10 clamp and designed to he forced between the hereunto subscribed my name in the presence said ends, substantially as specified. of two witnesses.

2. The horse-arrester consisting of the flexi- 5 bly-connected jaws A A, having the handle HEINRICH A. LEHMAN.

ends I), and the angular lever D fnlernmed at the joint of the jaws, and operating to spread WVitnesses: said ends apart and compress the jaws, sub- HERMANN CONRAD stantially as specified. J OHN ERICKSON.

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090156980A1 (en) * 2005-04-04 2009-06-18 Sinexus, Inc. Device and methods for treating paranasal sinus conditions

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20090156980A1 (en) * 2005-04-04 2009-06-18 Sinexus, Inc. Device and methods for treating paranasal sinus conditions

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