US2278504A - Telephone signaling system - Google Patents

Telephone signaling system Download PDF

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Publication number
US2278504A
US2278504A US382347A US38234741A US2278504A US 2278504 A US2278504 A US 2278504A US 382347 A US382347 A US 382347A US 38234741 A US38234741 A US 38234741A US 2278504 A US2278504 A US 2278504A
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line
tube
dial
subscribers
station
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US382347A
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Charles A Wingardner
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AT&T Corp
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Bell Telephone Laboratories Inc
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Priority to US382347A priority Critical patent/US2278504A/en
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- April 1942- v c. A. WINGARDNER 2,278,504
TELEPHONE SIGNALING SYSTEM Filed March 8, 1941 SUB STA T/ON SIG/V441.
VISIBLE lNl E N TOR By C .14. W/NGARDNER ATTORNEY Patented Apr. 7, 1942 Y UNITED T s; ATE T FF! cs; e'zgmsfio l 1 g I- 1, TELEPHONE SIGNALING SYSTEM Charles A. Wingardner, Chatham, N. J., assignor to Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York v 1 Application March 8, 1941, Serial No. 382,347. 2 3'Claims. (o1. fs-.81)
This invention relates to automatic telephone systems and more particularly to subscribers station circuits, which employ a visual ringing signal at the station comprising a gas-filled discharge tube in bridge of the line which is adapted to flash over and produce a visual glow discharge upon the application of ringing current to the line at the exchange as disclosed, for example, in the patent to C. B, Bartley 1,903,972 (Fig. 1).
When visual signal glow discharge tubes of this type are used at dial subscribers stations, there is a tendency for these tubes to flash over when the subscribers dial is operating and the dial contact open, due to momentary high voltage surges on the line.
An object of the present invention is, therefore, to prevent such tube flash-overs, during dialing, without interfering with the operation of the glow discharge tube when the station is being rung.
A feature of the invention resides in connecting a second discharge tube in shunt to the visual signal tube, while the subscribers switchhook contacts are closed, thereby preventing the visual signal tube from flashing due to high potentials intermittently present on the line.
The invention will be understood from the following description when read in connection with the accompanying drawing, Fig. 1 of which shows a dial subscriber's station, connected by a line with a dial central ofiice to which line, at the station, is connected a three-element gas-filled glow-discharge tube responsive to ringing current applied to the line to give a visual signal, together with a second discharge tube arranged to be connected in shunt to the visual signal tube when the subscribers telephone is removed from the switchhook, i. e., when the station dial 'is connected to the line; Fig. l-A shows a two-element visual signal device in place of the threeelement device of Fig. 1; and Fig. 1B shows the addition of an audible signal (buzzer) associated with the three-element visual device of Fig. 1.
Referring to Fig. 1 of the drawing, a conventional dial subscribers station is shown at S, connected by means of a line L with an automatic exchange indicated at X provided with a ringing relay 1 which relay, when operated, connects alternating ringing current to the line to actuate the usual telephone ringer or bell 2 at the subscribers station. A visual signal device 3, at the subscriber's station, is shown connected across the line conductors at some convenient point which device consists of a gas-filled ionic tube comprising a main-anode a,'a cathode k anda control anode g,the control anode and cathode being connectedby means of conductors 4 and 5 to the tip and ring conductors, respectively, of the line and the main anode being connected to ground. A current limiting resistance R is shown between the tip of the line and the control anode.
When the subscribers telephone is on the switchhook, i. e., resting on the cradle, the application of ringing current to the line, by operation of the ringing relay l at the exchange, causes an ionizingdischarge to be effected between the control anode g and cathode is of the device 3, whereupon a glow discharge is established between the main anode and cathode, in a well-known manner, which serves as a visible indication to the subscriber that this station is being rung. The ringer 2 also operates as usual.
In case the subscriber desires to initiate a call, he removes his telephone from the cradle, thereby closing switch contacts 6 and I which connects telephone T and dial D to the line in the usual manner.
In accordance with the present invention, the closure of contact 6 also connects a second gasfilled ionic device 8 in shunt to the main discharge gap a-Jc of visual signal tube 3, i. e., one electrode of the device 8 is connected to the anode a of tube 3 and the other electrode over switchhook contacts 6 to the ring conductor 9 of the line to which the cathode 7c of the visual signal is also connected. Each time the pulsing contacts ll of the dial open, a line surge occurs whose peak voltage is considerably higher than the central oflice battery which, in the absence of the device 8, may be sufficient to cause an ionizing discharge between the control anode g and cathode k of the visual signal device 3 thereby causing the main gap a,--k to break down and cause the device 3 to flicker. However, the presence of the shunt path including device 8 in parallel with the main gap a-Jc of device 3, reduces,
by a full wave rectifier I4, is connected between the main anode a and ground, the operation of which is obvious.
What is claimed is:
1. In an automatic telephone system, a subscribers station and line, a dial at said station adapted to be connected to the line, a glow discharge tube comprising an anode, a cathode, and a control electrode, and having the control electrode and cathode connected in bridge of the line and its anode connected to ground, whereby ringing current applied across the line and between one side of the line and ground causes the gap between said anode and cathode to break down and conduct a glow discharge, and means for preventing voltage surges during operation of said dial from causing said discharge tube to glow falsely, said means comprising a second discharge tube having a pair of closely spaced electrodes connected in parallel with the anode and cathode of the first tube in response to connection of the dial to the line.
2. In an automatic telephone system, a subscribers line, a subscribers set associated with the line having a dial adapted to be connected to the line when the set is taken for use, and a glowdischarge tube connected between one side of the line and ground so constructed that a glow-discharge therein will be established in response to ringing current applied to the line, and means for preventing glow discharges in said tube during dialing by the subscriber, said means comprising a second discharge tube connected in shunt to the first tube while the subscribers set is in use.
3. In an automatic telephone system comprising a dial subscribers station and a line having a glow-discharge tube connected between one side thereof and ground, as a visual ringing signal, and means for preventing false glow discharges in said tube during dialing from the station which comprises a second space discharge tube arranged to be connected in shunt with the first tube, responsive to connection of the subscribers dial on the line.
CHARLES A. WINGARDNER.
US382347A 1941-03-08 1941-03-08 Telephone signaling system Expired - Lifetime US2278504A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2522701A (en) * 1947-06-19 1950-09-19 Cecil A Bostany Illuminated telephone dial and ringing circuit
US2884491A (en) * 1958-01-24 1959-04-28 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Message-waiting signal for telephone subscribers
US3132211A (en) * 1960-06-13 1964-05-05 North Electric Co Dial light for telephone substation set
US3459900A (en) * 1966-11-01 1969-08-05 David I Alster Visual call indicator for telephone sets
US5012507A (en) * 1989-03-06 1991-04-30 Raymond J. Kemp Telephone activated emergency light system

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2522701A (en) * 1947-06-19 1950-09-19 Cecil A Bostany Illuminated telephone dial and ringing circuit
US2884491A (en) * 1958-01-24 1959-04-28 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Message-waiting signal for telephone subscribers
US3132211A (en) * 1960-06-13 1964-05-05 North Electric Co Dial light for telephone substation set
US3459900A (en) * 1966-11-01 1969-08-05 David I Alster Visual call indicator for telephone sets
US5012507A (en) * 1989-03-06 1991-04-30 Raymond J. Kemp Telephone activated emergency light system

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