US2255348A - Motor vehicle - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2255348A
US2255348A US281303A US28130339A US2255348A US 2255348 A US2255348 A US 2255348A US 281303 A US281303 A US 281303A US 28130339 A US28130339 A US 28130339A US 2255348 A US2255348 A US 2255348A
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United States
Prior art keywords
vehicle
mounted
motor vehicle
drive
shafts
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Expired - Lifetime
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US281303A
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Floyd De L Brown
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Floyd De L Brown
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D11/00Steering non-deflectable wheels; Steering endless tracks or the like
    • B62D11/02Steering non-deflectable wheels; Steering endless tracks or the like by differentially driving ground-engaging elements on opposite vehicle sides
    • B62D11/06Steering non-deflectable wheels; Steering endless tracks or the like by differentially driving ground-engaging elements on opposite vehicle sides by means of a single main power source
    • B62D11/08Steering non-deflectable wheels; Steering endless tracks or the like by differentially driving ground-engaging elements on opposite vehicle sides by means of a single main power source using brakes or clutches as main steering-effecting means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K17/00Arrangement or mounting of transmissions in vehicles
    • B60K17/36Arrangement or mounting of transmissions in vehicles for driving tandem wheels

Description

Sept. 9, 1941. F.- DE L. BROWN MOTOR VEHICLE Filed June 26, 1939 Patented Sept. 9, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE .2,2ss,s4s MOTOR VEHICLE Floyd de L. Brown, New York, N. Y. Application June 26, 1939, Serial No. 281,303

2 Claims.

from a main drive mechanism.

Another object of my invention is to provide a motor vehicle of the type described provided with a braking mechanism which is designed to provide simultaneously a braking effect to all of the drive wheels which support the motor vehicle.

A further object of my invention is to provide a motor vehicle having a braking mechanism which is constructed in such a manner that the braking effect may be applied to the drive wheels on one side of the vehicle, thereby enabling the vehicle to be turned in a shorter radius.

With these and other objects in view, my invention embraces broadly the concept of a motor vehicle having a braking mechanism which is constructed in such a manner that the operator of the vehicle may selectively apply a, braking effect to all of the drive wheels of the vehicle or only to the drive wheels supporting one side of the vehicle. The mechanism is so constructed that the rotation of the drive wheels to which the braking effect is applied may be either simultaneously slowed down or stopped. This construction is highly advantageous, because, in addition to using the brake mechanism to slow down or stop the motion of the vehicle, this mechanism may also be used to aid in turning the vehicle sharply, especially on sandy ground or on a slippery surface.

In operation, if the braking mechanism is applied in such a manner that the rate of rotation of the wheels on one side is reduced, the differential construction which forms a part of the main drive mechanism causes the drive wheels on the opposite side of the vehicle to increase their rate of rotation an amount directly proportional to the decrease in rotation of the wheels on the opposite side of the motor vehicle to which the braking effect has been applied. This results in the vehicle using the braked wheels as a pivotal axis for swerving sharply in one direction. If, on the other hand, the-rotation of the wheels on one side of the vehicle is completely stopped by braking without changing the engine speed, the rate of rotation on the opposite side of the vehicle is doubled.- This action results in the vehicle being swerved even more sharply.

It is believed apparent from the above description that I have provided a motor vehicle provided with a type of braking mechanism by means of which the direction as well as the rate of motion of the motor vehicle may be readily controlled. While I have shown a. motor vehicle having six drive wheels, it is within the scope of this invention to use any number of wheels, the number depending entirely upon the requirements of the type of vehicle to which my invention is applied. The main drive mechanism can also be varied and mechanical equivalents and changes of location may be applied to the brake construction without departing from the spirit and scope of this invention. For instance, if desired, the brake drums may be mounted on the hubs of the drive wheels instead of being attached to the shafts which supply torque to the drive wheels.v

, In the drawing:

Figure 1 is a plan view of the motor vehicle disclosing the main drive and the brake mechanism.

Figure 2 is a detailed sectional view showing one of the brake assemblies taken on line 2-4 of'Fig. 1.

As shown in the drawing, my invention relates to a motor-vehicle, generally designated by the numeral l, which consists of a frame 2, power unit 3, clutch 4, transmission 5, drive shaft 6, differential gear I, distribution gears 8, a plurality of transmission gears l0, braking mechanism I I, a plurality of wheel assemblies l2, and a steering assembly l3. The power unit 3 is mounted on the rear portion of the frame 2 between the rear drive wheels [2 and is operatively connected to the differential gear 1 through the clutch 4, transmission 5 and drive shaft 6.

The differential gear 1 consists of a housing l5 which is indirectly supported by the frame 2 as will be subsequently described. The differential gear I is of usual construction and is driven by the drive shaft 6.

The differential gear is adapted to impart a torque to a pair of shafts I! which extend in opposite directions transversely across the frame 2 and are journalled in bearings carried by the housings I8 which inclose the distribution gears 8. These housings are mounted on the frame 2 and support between them the differential gear housing l5. As these distribution gears 8 and the drive and brake mechanisms situated on opposite sides of the frame 2 are identical, the main drive mechanism and brake mechanism will be described for one side only, it being understood that the identical parts on the oppomte side of the frame bear the same numbers. I

The distribution gear housing l8 incloses a pair of beveled gears 29 and 2| which are driven by a beveled gear 22 attached to the shaft H. The gears 29 and 2| are mounted on the extremlties of a. forwardly extending shaft 23 and -a rearwardly extending shaft 24, respectively. These shafts are journalled in bearings which are carried by the housing "I. The shaft l1 passes through an aperture in the frame 2 and its outer extremity is provided with a sprocket 25. v

The forwardly extending shaft 23 and the rearwardly extending shaft 24 terminate in housings 26 which inclose the beveled gearing I0. As the beveled gear housings 26 are identical in construction, only the one connected to the forwardly extending shaft 23 will be described for purposes of illustration.

The shaft 23 extends into the housing 26 and its forward extremity is provided with a beveled gear 21 which constantly engages a beveled gear 28 through which torque is supplied to a shaft 29. The shaft 29 is carried by a tubular member which is rigidly mounted in an aperture in the frame 2 and has aflixed to its outer end a driving sprocket 25.

Each of the wheel assemblies l2 consists of a radial arm 30, one extremity of which is pivotally mounted on the tubular member previously described which carries the shaft 29. The opposite extremity of the radial arm 30 carries a stub shaft on which is mounted the hub 3| which supports the wheel 32. A sprocket is rigidly mounted on the hub 3| and is driven by the pre-- viously mentioned sprocket 25 mounted on the shaft 29 by means of a chain or other suitable connecting means 33.

Each radial arm 30 is suspended and its motio'n retarded by a compression unit 34 which is carried by a bracket 35 mounted on the exterior surface of the frame 2. The lower extremity of the compression unit is mounted on the radial arm 36 at a point intermediate its length.

From this description it is believed apparent mounted on the shafts 23 and 24 which form the that, by means of this main drive mechanism,

power after being supplied to the differential l in the manner previously described is supplied directly to each of the centrally located drive wheels by the shafts H. The driving shafts II also supply torque through the distribution gearare operatively connected to the main drive mechanism by the driving chains 33.

The steering unit |3 consists of a pair of radial arms 39 which are pivotally connected to the frame 2 and suspended by compression elements 39 which are similar in construction to the compression element 34 which have previously been mentioned. Mounted on the free ends of the arms 36 are the front wheels 49. These front wheels 46 are operatively attached to the steering wheel 4| in any suitable manner.

The principal feature of this application rehated by the mnneral 56, mounted on each of 1 the forwardly extending shafts 23 and rearwardly extending shaft 24.

As best shown in figure 2, each of these brake assemblies 56 consists of a drum 5| which is provided with a split collar 52 by means of which it is rigidly mounted, for example, on one of the drive shafts 23. Mounted on the drum 5| is an upper brake shoe 53 and a lower brake shoe 54 which are joined by an anchor pin 54'. The brake shoes 53 and 54 are forced against the periphery of the drum 5| by means of a lever 55 which is pivotally mounted on the extremity of the lower shoe 54. i The lower extremity of the lever 55 is bored to receive an adjustable cable and connector 56 and its upper extremity is in the form of a crank arm 51 upon which is mounted an adjustable link 58 which operatively connects the crank arm to the upper brake shoe 53. The brake shoes 53 and 54 are prevented from resting on the drum 5| by the resistance of the spring 59' which is mounted on thelink 58. The lever 55 is tensioned between a retracting spring 59 and the cable end connector 56 which is attached .to either an operating cable 6| or 62 in a manner which will now be described.

The action of each of the brake assemblies 59 drive mechanism of the ri ht side of the vehicle is controlled by the operation of cables 6| and 62. respectively, which are attached to the cable end connector 56 of the brake assembly 50 which they are designed to control. Each of these cables is tensioned against a pulley 63 and their forward extremities are attached to the opposite extremities of an equalizer bar 64. This bar is connected through a cable 65 to a foot pedal 66 which is joumalled in a bracket member 61 supported by the frame 2.

The brakesill mounted on the shafts 23.and 24 which form the drive mechanism for the left side of the machine are similarly connected to a foot pedal 68 which is also mounted on the bracket 61 in such a manner that the foot pedals may be operated either separately or simultaneously. a

The operation of either of these foot pedals will cause anequalized tension to be exerted on the cables 5| and 62 to which it is connected through the cable 65 and equalizer bar 64. This causes the cable end connectors 56 which are attached to the cables 6| and 62 to be placed under sufficient tension to overcome the tension of the springs 59, causing the levers 55 to be rotated about their own axis. This movement of the levers 55 causes the crank arms 5| to draw the upper and lower brake shoes together by exerting sufficient force on the links 53 to overcome the tension of the springs 58'.

This action results in the brake shoes 53 and 54 exerting a braking effect upon the drums 5| to which the shafts 23 and 24 are attached. This drive wheels on each side of the vehicle and a braking effect is transmitted through the gears II) to the forward and rear drive wheels and through the distribution gear box B-to the shaft H by which it is transmitted to the centrally mounted drive wheel.

When the braking efiect just described is applied to the main drive mechanism on the right side of the motor vehicle I, therate of rotation of the drive wheels which support this side is decreased, thereby increasing the rate of revolution of the drive wheels on the left side of the motor vehicle a proportional amount due to the differential action of the gear I which is transmitted directly through the shaft H to the centrally located drive wheels 32 and through the beveled gear 22 to the drive shafts 23 and 24 by which it is transmitted to the forward and rear drive wheels. In addition, if the pedal 66 is depressed sufliciently to completely stop the rotation of the drive wheels on the right side of the vehicle, the rate of rotation of the drive wheels on the left side of the vehicle will be doubled through the action of the differential gear I.

This partial or complete braking by depression of the pedal 66 and the resulting increase in the rate of rotation of the wheels on the left side of the vehicle will cause the vehicle to swerve sharply to the right, especially if it is passing over sandy soil or over a slippery surface. If desired, the vehicle may be caused to swerve to thesleft in a similar manner by depressing the pedal 88. Moreover, the braking action may be equalized by depressing the pedals 66 and 68 simultaneously and equally. This action will cause the forward motion of the motor vehicle to be retarded or completely stopped.

From the above description it is believed apparent that I have provided a means for controlling the movement and decreasing the necessary turning radius of a vehicle supplied with a plurality of drive wheels. By the use of a braking mechanism of this t p a motor vehicle may be used to advantage under conditions which would be impractical with a motor vehicle equipped with the ordinary type of braking mechanism. 1

While for purposes of illustration I have described a motor vehicle of one construction and one means of mounting and connecting the braking mechanism, it is obvious that various changes can be made both in the motor vehicle construction and the arrangement and location. of the parts of the braking mechanism without de- I,

parting from the spirit of this invention.

therefore, intend that this invention be only lim-- ited by the prior art and the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. In a motor vehicle having a plurality of main drive mechanism from which torque is supplied through a differential to opposed drive shafts, said drive shafts being designed to drive two drive wheels mounted on opposite sides of the vehicle, opposed auxiliary shafts rigidly mounted on opposite sides of the vehicle and designed to supply torque to the remaining drive wheels supporting the corresponding sides of the vehicle, means connecting the auxiliary shafts mounted on each side of the vehicle to the opposed drive shaft which supplies power to that side of the vehicle, a braking mechanism mounted on each of the auxiliary shafts and adapted to supply the braking effect through the said shafts and connecting means to the drivewheels which support the motor vehicle, a pair of pedals of the pedals will be transmitted equally to the braking mechanisms located on one side of the vehicle. 7

2 In a motor vehicle having a plurality of drive wheels on each side of the vehicle and a main drive mechanism from which torque is supplied through a differential to opposed drive shafts, said drive shafts being designed to drive two drive wheels mounted on opposite sides of the vehicle, opposed auxiliary shafts rigidly mounted on opposite sides of the vehicle and designed to supply torque to the remaining drive wheels supporting the corresponding side of the vehicle, means connecting the auxiliary shafts mounted on each side of the vehicle to the opposed drive shaft which supplies power to that side of the vehicle, a braking mechanism mounted on each of theauxiliary shafts and adapted to supply the braking effect through the said shafts and gear boxes to the drive wheels which support the motor vehicle, a pair of pedals which are mounted in such a manner that they may {be operated independently, an equalizing bar attached to each of the pedals, linking means connected to each of the braking mechanisms, the links attached to the braking mechanisms mounted on one side of the vehicle being attached to opposed extremities of one of the equal izing bars and the links attached to the braking mechanisms on the other side of the vehicle belug-attached to opposed extremities of the remaining equalizing bar, whereby each of the .pedals' may be operated independently and

US281303A 1939-06-26 1939-06-26 Motor vehicle Expired - Lifetime US2255348A (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6312354B1 (en) 1999-01-22 2001-11-06 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Integral hydrostatic transaxle apparatus for driving and steering
US6336513B1 (en) * 1998-12-03 2002-01-08 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Multi-axle vehicle with two hydrostatic transmissions for driving-steering
US6397966B1 (en) 1999-01-22 2002-06-04 Kanzaki Kokyukoki, Mfg. Co., Ltd. Vehicle improved in steering
US6447419B1 (en) 1998-07-08 2002-09-10 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Axle driving apparatus
US6524205B1 (en) 1999-10-22 2003-02-25 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Integral-type hydraulic and mechanical transaxle apparatus for driving and steering a vehicle
US6540633B1 (en) 1998-09-25 2003-04-01 Tuff Torq Corporation Transmission for speed changing and steering of a vehicle
US6547685B2 (en) 1999-01-22 2003-04-15 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Transaxle apparatus
US6554085B2 (en) 1998-03-12 2003-04-29 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Multi-wheel vehicle with transmission for driving-steering
US6591936B2 (en) 2000-11-13 2003-07-15 Tuff Torq Corporation Driving apparatus for speed changing and steering of a vehicle
WO2005042338A1 (en) * 2003-10-03 2005-05-12 Leblanc James C Sr Power plant and driveline for vehicles
US6951259B2 (en) 1998-12-03 2005-10-04 Koji Irikura Multi-wheel vehicle
US7040445B2 (en) 2002-04-24 2006-05-09 Norihiro Ishii Hydraulic driving apparatus for a wheeled vehicle
US20060135307A1 (en) * 2004-12-21 2006-06-22 Lim Stephen T Powertrain arrangement for a skid-steer vehicle
US7360613B2 (en) 1998-09-25 2008-04-22 Tuff Torq Corporation Transmission for speed changing and steering of a vehicle
ITMI20110022A1 (en) * 2011-01-13 2012-07-14 Antonio Puddu Transmission system for vehicles with four-wheel steering

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6554085B2 (en) 1998-03-12 2003-04-29 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Multi-wheel vehicle with transmission for driving-steering
US20060191725A1 (en) * 1998-03-12 2006-08-31 Koji Irikura Multi-wheel vehicle
US20060048975A1 (en) * 1998-03-12 2006-03-09 Koji Irikura Multi-wheel vehicle
US6629577B1 (en) 1998-07-02 2003-10-07 Tuff Torq Corporation Driving apparatus for speed changing and steering of a vehicle
US6447419B1 (en) 1998-07-08 2002-09-10 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Axle driving apparatus
US7059433B2 (en) 1998-09-25 2006-06-13 Toshiyuki Hasegawa Riding lawn mower
US6540633B1 (en) 1998-09-25 2003-04-01 Tuff Torq Corporation Transmission for speed changing and steering of a vehicle
US7360613B2 (en) 1998-09-25 2008-04-22 Tuff Torq Corporation Transmission for speed changing and steering of a vehicle
US6951259B2 (en) 1998-12-03 2005-10-04 Koji Irikura Multi-wheel vehicle
US7493975B2 (en) 1998-12-03 2009-02-24 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Multi-wheel vehicle
US7044244B2 (en) 1998-12-03 2006-05-16 Koji Irikura Multi-wheel vehicle
US6336513B1 (en) * 1998-12-03 2002-01-08 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Multi-axle vehicle with two hydrostatic transmissions for driving-steering
US7458431B2 (en) 1998-12-03 2008-12-02 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Multi-wheel vehicle
US7857079B2 (en) 1998-12-03 2010-12-28 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd.: Multi-wheel vehicle
US6659216B2 (en) 1999-01-22 2003-12-09 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Vehicle improved steering
US6397966B1 (en) 1999-01-22 2002-06-04 Kanzaki Kokyukoki, Mfg. Co., Ltd. Vehicle improved in steering
US6312354B1 (en) 1999-01-22 2001-11-06 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Integral hydrostatic transaxle apparatus for driving and steering
US6547685B2 (en) 1999-01-22 2003-04-15 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Transaxle apparatus
US20050257983A1 (en) * 1999-01-22 2005-11-24 Koji Irikura Vehicle improved in steering
US7431123B2 (en) 1999-01-22 2008-10-07 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Vehicle improved in steering
US6524205B1 (en) 1999-10-22 2003-02-25 Kanzaki Kokyukoki Mfg. Co., Ltd. Integral-type hydraulic and mechanical transaxle apparatus for driving and steering a vehicle
US6874593B2 (en) 2000-11-13 2005-04-05 Tuff Torq Corporation Driving apparatus for speed changing and steering of a vehicle
US20040060270A1 (en) * 2000-11-13 2004-04-01 Robert Abend Driving apparatus for speed changing and steering of a vehicle
US6651770B2 (en) 2000-11-13 2003-11-25 Tuff Torq Corporation Driving apparatus for speed changing and steering of a vehicle
US6648094B2 (en) 2000-11-13 2003-11-18 Tuff Torq Corporation Driving apparatus for speed changing and steering of a vehicle
US6591936B2 (en) 2000-11-13 2003-07-15 Tuff Torq Corporation Driving apparatus for speed changing and steering of a vehicle
US6755264B2 (en) 2000-11-21 2004-06-29 Tuff Torq Corporation Riding lawn mower
US7040445B2 (en) 2002-04-24 2006-05-09 Norihiro Ishii Hydraulic driving apparatus for a wheeled vehicle
WO2005042338A1 (en) * 2003-10-03 2005-05-12 Leblanc James C Sr Power plant and driveline for vehicles
US7294082B2 (en) * 2004-12-21 2007-11-13 Chrysler Llc Powertrain arrangement for a skid-steer vehicle
US20060135307A1 (en) * 2004-12-21 2006-06-22 Lim Stephen T Powertrain arrangement for a skid-steer vehicle
ITMI20110022A1 (en) * 2011-01-13 2012-07-14 Antonio Puddu Transmission system for vehicles with four-wheel steering

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