US2246472A - Hydraulic power-accumulation system - Google Patents

Hydraulic power-accumulation system Download PDF

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US2246472A
US2246472A US25337439A US2246472A US 2246472 A US2246472 A US 2246472A US 25337439 A US25337439 A US 25337439A US 2246472 A US2246472 A US 2246472A
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pump
turbine
operation
head
unit
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Sharp Robert E Brunswick
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BALDWIN LOCOMOTIVE WORKS
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BALDWIN LOCOMOTIVE WORKS
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING WEIGHT AND MISCELLANEOUS MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER; OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B11/00Parts or details not provided for in, or of interest apart from, the preceding groups, e.g. wear-protection couplings, between turbine and generator
    • F03B11/004Valve arrangements
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING WEIGHT AND MISCELLANEOUS MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER; OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/06Stations or aggregates of water-storage type, e.g. comprising a turbine and a pump
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • Y02E10/22Conventional, e.g. with dams, turbines and waterwheels
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • Y02E10/22Conventional, e.g. with dams, turbines and waterwheels
    • Y02E10/226Other parts or details
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage
    • Y02E60/17Pumped storage

Description

June 17, 1941. R a a SHARP 2,246,472

HYDRAULIC POWER'ACCUMULATION SYSTEM Filed Jan. 28, 1939 2 Sheets-Shet l INVENTOR ELB. SHHEF' A ORNEY w. .2 W fiaww? a 22: v n

M w. w a T L M June 4 R. 5 B. SHARP 45,472 HYDRAULIC POWEfiACCUMULA'iION SYSTEM Filed Jan. 28, 1939 Z-ShBGtS-ShQGt 2 .INVENTOR E. E. B! SHHEF Patented June 17, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE HYDRAULIC POWER-ACCUMULATION SYS'IIEM vania Application January 28, 1939, Serial No. 253,374

7 Claims.

This invention relates generally to hydraulic power-accumulation systems of the type employing a pump-turbineunit and relates more particularly to an improved system whereby the pump-turbine unit may operate efliciently at the same speed for either 1'3""11) or turbine operation.

During off peak periods of load demand in an electrical generating system, the available excess capacity of the system is utilized to pump water into a storage pond or reservoir, whereas during peak load periods on the generating system the water previously stored up is used to generate current and supply the same to the system. Various arrangements have heretofore been proposed for permitting a single machine to function either as a pump during the storing-up operation or as a turbine during the generating operation, but the principal difficulty with these prior arrangements is the necessity of operating the machine at different speeds for pump and for turbine operation if best efficiency is to be obtained for each operation. When a machine operates at different speeds for pump and turbine operations, the motor-generator unit connected to the pump-turbine is of costly construction to permit operation at two different speeds.

It is an object of my invention to provide an improved hydraulic power-accumulation system and apparatus that will permit the pump-turbine unit to operate efliciently at the same. speed for either pump or turbine operation and thereby allow the motor-generator electrical equipment to be adapted for a single operating speed. This will insure the lowest possible initial cost for such equipment.

A further object is to provide an improved system and apparatus whereby the pump-turbine unit operates under a substantially similar head when pumping and when Operating as a turbine regardless of the fact that for a given installation the total head for the pumping operation is generally greater than the total head for turbine operation. This difference in head is partly accounted for by the head created by penstock friction being added to the static head during pumping operation, whereas during turbine operation the penstock friction tends to retard the flow of water to the turbine and thereby reduce the effective head on the unit.

In the specific aspects of my improved system I employ what I herein term a booster pump arranged in such a manner as to be connected in series with the pump-turbine unit during pumping operation and to be rendered inoperative when the pump-turbine unit operates as a turbine. The

booster pump is so functionally arranged as to carry a portion of the total pumping head and thereby permit the pump-turbine unit to operate under only so much pumping head as to permit, the same operating speed as when generating, or in other words, when acting as a. turbine. The novel arrangement and relation of the booster pump to the pump-turbine unit insures the foregoing advantages and many others as will be seen more fully by those skilled in the art from the following description of the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic sectional elevation of a hydraulic power-accumulating system embodying the features of my invention;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional view of the pump and pump-turbine equipment and arrangement thereof;

Fig. 3 is a sectional plan view taken substantially on the line 3-3 of Fig. 2 with parts of the pump-turbine removed in order to show clearly the flow passage arrangement;

Fig. 4 is a plan view of the pump-turbine taken substantially on the line 4-4 of Fig. 2 showing the operating relation between the relief valve and the guide vane control of the pump-turbine unit;

Fig. 5 is an enlarged sectional view of a relief valve suitable for use in my improved system;

Fig. 6 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 2 but showing a modified arrangement of the booster pump, pump-turbine and passage arrangement therefor; and

Fig. 7 is a sectional plan view taken substantially on the line l-l of Fig. 6, parts being omitted to show clearly the passage arrangement.

In the particular embodiments of the invention, such as are disclosed herein merely for the purpose of illustrating certain specific forms among possible others that the invention might take in practice, I have diagrammatically shown in Fig. 1

a reservoir or pond for storage of head water I which is connected. by a conduit including a penstock 2, to the pumping and generating equipment generally indicated at H. The tail water level is indicated at 3.

As shown in Fig. 2 the penstock 2 has a stop valve 4, preferably of the so-called Larner-Johnson type shown in Larner Patent 1,629,957, which is adjacent to a spiral casing of a suitable rotatable purnp-turbine generally indicated at 5.

The pump-turbine can he of any suitable type, capacity or specific speed. While the structure thereof per so does not constitute a part of my present invention, yet for purposes of defining the component elements of the broad combination, it

the lower portion of the draft will be considered that the pump-turbine embodies the structure of any suitable unit certain examples of which are shown in Moody Patents 1,919,376 and 2,010,555 both of which relate to pump-turbines. The pump-turbine has axial communication with a draft tube comprising a vertical passage 6 and a horizontal outlet passage 1, each preferably gradually enlarging in downward and outward directions. This draft tube is broadly of the elbow type and completes the lower end of the conduit which broadly connects the head water with the tail water. A stop valve 9 of any suitable form or construction is disposed in tube for purposes to be described.

A booster pump H is disposed to one side of the pump-turbine and preferably below the tail water level 3 thereby insuring that the pump will be primed at all times. The inlet passage to the pump has a horizontal portion I2 connected to the draft tube at the lower outermost portion I3 of the elbow, this passage being relatively wide and shallow so as to insure minimum disturbance to the downward fluid flow in the draft tube during turbine operation. The vertical portion H of the pump inlet passage enters the central portion of the pump casing II in a manner that is usual and well-known for pumps of various forms whether of the centrifugal or axial flow type. Certain forms of said pumps which might be considered as incorporated herein are shown in Moody Patents 1,321,538 or 1,322,810. A suitable stop valve diagrammatically indlcated at I5 is disposed in the vertical portion of the passage.

The booster pump has a spiral casing whose outlet connects with a discharge pipe 5 which preferably curves upwardly as at H to join the draft tube 6 in such a manner as to insure relatively smooth flow lines. matically indicated at I8 is disposed within the pump discharge passage IS.

The booster pump has a rotor shaft I9 extending upwardly through a suitable pit to an electric motor 20. The pumpturbine unit also has a rotor shaft 2| extending upwardly through a pit for conne'ctionto a motor-generator unit 23, this unit being adapted either for uni-directional rotation or reversible rotation, depending upon whether the pump turbine is of the type requiring uni-directional rotation for both pump and tur- A stop valve diagrambine operations or has reversible rotation for these operations.

To control flow of water to or from the pumpturbine, usual pivotal guide vanes diagrammatically indicated at 24, Fig. 4, may be employed. As is well-known the guide vanes normally vary the volume of water flowing to or from the pumpturbine or the vanes may be completely closed against each other to shut off flow through the unit. The guide vanes are adjusted through suitable guide vane arms 25 and links 26 connected to a suitable shifting ring diagrammatically indicated at 21. This ring is arranged concentrically to rotor shaft 2| and is oscillated by a suitable servo-motor (not shown) whose piston rod 28 is pivotally connected to a suitable arm or lug on the shifting ring. The foregoing guide vane and operating mechanism therefor is well known in the art and hence further detailed disclosure thereof is not necessary. This mechanism however broadly constitutes one element of y a more specific aspect of my improved system.

The shifting ring 21 is connected by a rod 30 to a relief valve generally indicated at 3| which communicates with the pump-turbine casing or 75 Stop valves 58 and with the penstock by a pipe 32 and discharges into a free discharge outlet 33 whose lower end turns into the tail water 3. To control discharge through the relief valve it is provided with a needle valve 34 which has an elongated stem 35 guided in a suitable bearing structure 36. A piston 31, secured to the upper end of stem 35, is disposed in a cylinder 38 whose upper end is continuously supplied with fluid through a pipe 39 from any suitable source such as from penstock 2 at a point thereof above penstock valve 4 or from pump-turbine casing. The under side of piston 31 is continuously supplied with fluid from pipe 32 through ports 4| and 42. The fluid supplied to the upper side of piston 31 can be relieved by a pilot valve 43 so as to discharge the fluid successively through hollow stem 35 and an orifice 44 formed in needle valve 34. Pilot valve 43, having a stem 45 extending through and guided by the upper cylinder head, is connected by a rod 46 to a dash pot piston 41. This piston is disposed within a floating cylinder 48 guided by a stationary bracket 49. The floating cylinder is also connected by a link 50 to a bell crank 5| to which the shifting ring rod 30 is connected.

The foregoing relief valve is of a well-known' form and does not per se constitute part of my present invention, except that it comprises broadly one element of my improved combination. When guide vanes 24, Fig. 4, are closed relatively rapidly by movement of distributing ring 21 in a clockwise direction the rod 30 moves to the right thereby moving floating cylinder 48 upwardly through bell crank 5| and link 50, Fig. 5, so as to cause trapped liquid beneath piston 41 to move the latter upwardly together with valve rod 46 and pilot valve 43. Upon opening of pilot valve 43 fluid in the upper end of cylinder 38 discharges through free orifice 44 thereby reducing the pressure on the upper side of piston 31. The constant pressure supplied through ports 4| and 42 to the under side of said piston will accordingly move needle valve 34 upwardly and allow free discharge of fluid from the pumpturbine casing to the relief valve discharge passage 33. Due to the weight of the needle valves and associated parts acting downwardly on piston 41, the fluid trapped beneath the same will gradually escape through suitable by-pass ports 52 thereby allowing gradual reclosure of the needle valve 34 without causing excessive pressure rises in the penstock.

In the modification shown in Figs. 6 and 7 a booster pump unit 54 is located at a higher elevation than the pump-turbine unit, both units being disposed above the tail water level 3. The discharge pipe penstock 2 at a point above the main penstock valve 4 while pump inlet passage 56 connects into the penstock at a point between the penstock valve 4 and a pump-turbine unit 51. The booster pump 54 and the pump-turbine unit 51 are to be considered as the same as the pump and pump-turbine units of the preferred form. 59 are also disposed in the passages and 56 of the booster pump. In asmuch as the booster pump 54 of this modification is placed in series with the pump-turbine unit at a point above the same, it is seen that the draft tube 60 for the pump-turbine unit may be of the symmetrical type such as shown in Moody Patent 1,713,775. It will, of course, be

understood that the pump motor and the motorgenerator are the same as in the preferred arrangement and that the pump-turbine unit may 55 of the pump is connected to be equipped with adjustable pivotal guide vanes above tail water with together with a connection to a relief valve in This is due to the fact these elements are not repeated in this modification.

from passages 1 and i2 to booster pump II and plunger 34 of the relief valve. thence discharged through passages l6 and 6 to sudden stoppoge of flow in the penstock. The the pump-turbine unit from which the fluid is construction of the relief valve previously deoperation. the valves 4 and 9 are opened and initial opening. valves i8 and i are closed thereby eliminating When pumping, the relief valve functions as a booster pump H. Water then flows from ahe surge suppressor. Under these circumstances, head water I through penstook 2 to the pumpthe adjustable gates of the pump-turbine close turbine unit which discharges through draft tube upon failure of current supplied t 6 and I to tail water 3. by any usual or we] The foregoing arrangement has many distincsuch as shown in Kerr Patent 1,901,831. The

One very important advantage is that the booster limited length of time, dependent on the inertia operation with good efliciency for both conditions. column of water causes an excessive p is arrangement, therefore, obviates loss ill efllsurge due to water hammer However, the relief ciency during either pumping or turbine operavalve is opened by the closing of the adjustable tion, one of which cannot be avoided if the pumpgates of the pump-turbine as above described and series booster pump arrangement. Heretofore it mitted to flow through the relief valve, thus preany desired difference in speeds that may be remy system. quired to give best efficiency under both turbine The adjustable gates of the turbine in closing and pump operation, but at certain fixed differupon the failure of current during the pumping quency into Wh1(h the energy when operating to excessive reverse rotation. as a turbine is supplied and from which the energy In the modification shown in Figs. 6 and '7 the both conditions of operation. from operation. This arrangement has the same It is, of couse, well known that cavitation may cooperative functional advantages from a hybe a very serious matter in pump and turbine draulic standpoint as the preferred form in that operations. In my improved arrangement the t e head is reduced on the pump-turbine during against cavitation (this margin varying with the It will of course be understood that various depth of the pump below tail water), and at the changes in details of construction and arrangesame time, it is possible to place the pump-turbine ment of parts may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the invention as set forth in the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A hydraulic power-accumulation system comprising, in combination, means providing sources of head water and tail water connected together by a conduit, a pump-turbine unit communicating with said conduit and which when functioning as a turbine operates at best turbine efficiency at a predetermined speed under a given head and which. when functioning as a pump operates at its best pumping efficiency at said predetermined speed but against a lower head such as is necessary to give best pumping elliciency, an electric machine permanently connected to said pump-turbine unit to function as a motor to drive the same or to function as a generator to be driven thereby in accordance with pump or turbine operation respectively, and

a separate booster pump having a motor permanently connected thereto for driving the same independently of the speed of the pump-turbine unit but the booster pump being adapted during a. pumping operation to operate in series with said pump-turbine unit for overcoming the remaining portion of the total head pumped against.

2. The combination set forth in claim .1 further characterized in that the conduit includes a draft tube leading from the pump-turbine to the tail water, and the booster pump is provided with a discharge passage which communicates laterally with said draft tube and an inlet communicating with the tail water, and means for preventing direct communication of said draft tube with the tail water when said booster pump is operating in series with said pump-turbine unit.

3. The combination set forth in claim 1 further characterized in that said conduit includes a draft tube leading from the pump-turbine to the tail water, and the booster pump is provided with an inlet passage communicating laterally with said draft tube and a discharge passage also communicating with said draft tube, and means for preventing direct communication of said draft tube with the tail water when said booster pump is operating in series with said pump-turbine unit.

4. The combination set forth in claim 1 further characterized in that said conduit includes a draft tube leading from said pump-turbine to the tail water and having vertical and horizontal portions, an inlet passage for the booster pump communicating with the draft tube adjacent the horizontal portion thereof and a dis- I operate in series with said pump-turbine unit for charge passage for the booster pump communicating with the vertical portion of said draft tubeand means for preventing direct communi-' cation of said draft tube with the tail water when said booster pump is operating in series with said pump-turbine unit.

5. A hydraulic power-accumulation system comprising, in combination, means providing sources of head water and tail Water connected together by a conduit, a pump-turbine unit communicating with said conduit, an electric machine permanently connected to said pump-turbine unit to function as a motor to drive the same or to function as a generator to be driven thereby in accordance with pump or turbine operation .respectively, a separate booster pump having a of fiuid through the pump-turbine unit so as to shut down the same during either pump or turbine operation, a valve adapted when opened to discharge fluid from said conduit at a point substantially at the elevation of said pump-turbine unit on the head water side thereof, and means operative during either pump or turbine operation for automatically opening said valve in response to shutting down of said pump-turbine unit whereby in turbine operation said valve is initially opened during an increase of conduit pressure above normal accompanying initial closure of the gate means whereas in pump operation said valve is initially opened during an initial decrease in conduit pressure below normal accompanying initial closure of the gate means thereby to provide a discharge outlet that is freely open prior to the return pressure surge that follows said initial pressure drop.

6. A hydraulic power-accumulation system comprising, sources of head water and tail water connected together by a conduit, a pump-turbine unit communicating with said conduit, an electric machine permanently connected to said pump-turbine unit to function as a motor to drive the same or to function as a generator to be driven thereby in accordance with pump or turbine operation respectively; a separate booster pump having a motor permanently connected thereto for driving the same independently of the speed of the pump-turbine unit but the booster pump being adapted during a pumping operation to overcoming the remaining portion of the total head pumped against, adjustable gate mechanism for the pump-turbine unit, a valve communieating with said conduit for discharging fluid therefrom when open, and means controlled by the operation of said adjustable gate mechanism upon closing movement thereof to open said valve during either pump or turbine operation of said pump-turbine unit, whereby said valve mechanism is operative upon closure of said gate mechanism to prevent pressure rises during turbine operation and is operative upon closure of said gate mechanism to allow free discharge of a return pressure surge in the conduit during pumping operation.

7. A hydraulic power-accumulation system comprising, in combination, means providing sources of head water and tail water connected together by a conduit, 2. pump-turbine communi eating with said conduit at an elevation above the tail water level, and a booster pump disposed at an elevation below the tail water level and having series communication with the pumpturbine so as to reduce the head thereon during a pumping operation below the net head between said head water and tail water but to allow said net head to be fully effective on the pump-turbine during a turbine operation.

' ROBERT E. BRUNSWICK SHARP.

in combination, means providing

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Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2424039A (en) * 1944-05-10 1947-07-15 Hydropress Inc Regulation of the flow of water through hydraulic turbines
US2481222A (en) * 1945-05-09 1949-09-06 Jones John Paul Turbogenerator
US2685652A (en) * 1951-03-20 1954-08-03 Lester C Wales Reaction turbine
US3214915A (en) * 1963-01-29 1965-11-02 English Electric Co Ltd Reverse flow hydraulic pump-turbine systems
DE1260400B (en) * 1961-07-28 1968-02-01 Voith Gmbh J M Hydraulic accumulator system
US3536929A (en) * 1967-12-28 1970-10-27 Fred Parker Power generating system
US3614268A (en) * 1969-04-24 1971-10-19 Vevey Atel Const Mec Hydro-electric installation
US3808445A (en) * 1972-08-02 1974-04-30 Bailey W Enterprises Wave operated power plant
US3869857A (en) * 1973-02-01 1975-03-11 Atomenergi Ab Thermal power plant
FR2381186A1 (en) * 1977-02-21 1978-09-15 Titovi Z Litostroj Ljubljan group forming reversible pump and turbine
DE2917487A1 (en) * 1978-05-02 1979-11-08 Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co Method and apparatus for high pump-generating
US4406578A (en) * 1979-12-28 1983-09-27 Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Method for operating pumps
US4756663A (en) * 1979-12-28 1988-07-12 Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Method for operating pumps
BE1010221A4 (en) * 1996-04-26 1998-04-07 Flygt Ab Itt Pump/Turbine installation
US6000880A (en) * 1997-12-23 1999-12-14 Halus; William J. Sewage water purification/reuse/redistribution, flood control, and power generating system
US20070147986A1 (en) * 2005-12-23 2007-06-28 Delta Electronics Inc. Fan system
WO2009123465A1 (en) * 2008-04-02 2009-10-08 Statoilhydro Asa Power plant, method for producing power, and application of said power plant
US20100140935A1 (en) * 2006-11-10 2010-06-10 Joseph Paoli Reversible hydroelectric device
US20100181771A1 (en) * 2009-01-21 2010-07-22 Roos Paul W Integrated Hydroelectric Power-Generating System and Energy Storage Device
WO2012008938A1 (en) * 2010-07-16 2012-01-19 American Hydro Jet Corporation Integrated hydroelectric power-generating system and energy storage device
EP2444655A1 (en) * 2010-10-20 2012-04-25 Sulzer Pumpen (Deutschland) GmbH Pump storage assembly, method for operating a pump storage assembly and pump storage power plant
US8963356B2 (en) 2010-01-21 2015-02-24 America Hydro Jet Corporation Power conversion and energy storage device
WO2015107097A1 (en) * 2014-01-17 2015-07-23 Stx France S.A. Method for installing a so-called "marine" pumped-storage hydroelectric power station and corresponding station
WO2018039655A1 (en) * 2016-08-25 2018-03-01 Obermeyer Henry K Reversible pump-turbine installation

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2424039A (en) * 1944-05-10 1947-07-15 Hydropress Inc Regulation of the flow of water through hydraulic turbines
US2481222A (en) * 1945-05-09 1949-09-06 Jones John Paul Turbogenerator
US2685652A (en) * 1951-03-20 1954-08-03 Lester C Wales Reaction turbine
DE1260400B (en) * 1961-07-28 1968-02-01 Voith Gmbh J M Hydraulic accumulator system
US3214915A (en) * 1963-01-29 1965-11-02 English Electric Co Ltd Reverse flow hydraulic pump-turbine systems
US3536929A (en) * 1967-12-28 1970-10-27 Fred Parker Power generating system
US3614268A (en) * 1969-04-24 1971-10-19 Vevey Atel Const Mec Hydro-electric installation
US3808445A (en) * 1972-08-02 1974-04-30 Bailey W Enterprises Wave operated power plant
US3869857A (en) * 1973-02-01 1975-03-11 Atomenergi Ab Thermal power plant
FR2381186A1 (en) * 1977-02-21 1978-09-15 Titovi Z Litostroj Ljubljan group forming reversible pump and turbine
US4217077A (en) * 1977-02-21 1980-08-12 Titovi Zavodi Litostroj Ljubljana N.Sol.O. Two-stage/single-stage reversible pump-turbine with supplying pump
DE2917487A1 (en) * 1978-05-02 1979-11-08 Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co Method and apparatus for high pump-generating
US4406578A (en) * 1979-12-28 1983-09-27 Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Method for operating pumps
US4756663A (en) * 1979-12-28 1988-07-12 Tokyo Shibaura Denki Kabushiki Kaisha Method for operating pumps
BE1010221A4 (en) * 1996-04-26 1998-04-07 Flygt Ab Itt Pump/Turbine installation
US6000880A (en) * 1997-12-23 1999-12-14 Halus; William J. Sewage water purification/reuse/redistribution, flood control, and power generating system
US8011896B2 (en) * 2005-12-23 2011-09-06 Delta Electronics Inc. Fan system
US20070147986A1 (en) * 2005-12-23 2007-06-28 Delta Electronics Inc. Fan system
US8193652B2 (en) * 2006-11-10 2012-06-05 Joseph Paoli Reversible hydroelectric device
US20100140935A1 (en) * 2006-11-10 2010-06-10 Joseph Paoli Reversible hydroelectric device
US20110027107A1 (en) * 2008-04-02 2011-02-03 Statoil Asa Power plant, method for producing power, and application of said power plant
WO2009123465A1 (en) * 2008-04-02 2009-10-08 Statoilhydro Asa Power plant, method for producing power, and application of said power plant
US20100181771A1 (en) * 2009-01-21 2010-07-22 Roos Paul W Integrated Hydroelectric Power-Generating System and Energy Storage Device
US8536723B2 (en) 2009-01-21 2013-09-17 American Hydro Jet Corporation Integrated hydroelectric power-generating system and energy storage device
US8963356B2 (en) 2010-01-21 2015-02-24 America Hydro Jet Corporation Power conversion and energy storage device
WO2012008938A1 (en) * 2010-07-16 2012-01-19 American Hydro Jet Corporation Integrated hydroelectric power-generating system and energy storage device
EP2444655A1 (en) * 2010-10-20 2012-04-25 Sulzer Pumpen (Deutschland) GmbH Pump storage assembly, method for operating a pump storage assembly and pump storage power plant
WO2015107097A1 (en) * 2014-01-17 2015-07-23 Stx France S.A. Method for installing a so-called "marine" pumped-storage hydroelectric power station and corresponding station
FR3016663A1 (en) * 2014-01-17 2015-07-24 Stx France Sa A method of installing an energy transfer station by said pumping "marine" and corresponding station.
CN105917113A (en) * 2014-01-17 2016-08-31 Stx法国股份有限公司 Method for installing a so-called "marine" pumped-storage hydroelectric power station and corresponding station
US20160341173A1 (en) * 2014-01-17 2016-11-24 Stx France S.A. Method for installing a so-called "marine" pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant and corresponding plant
WO2018039655A1 (en) * 2016-08-25 2018-03-01 Obermeyer Henry K Reversible pump-turbine installation

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