US2244537A - Well drilling bit - Google Patents

Well drilling bit Download PDF

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Publication number
US2244537A
US2244537A US31056739A US2244537A US 2244537 A US2244537 A US 2244537A US 31056739 A US31056739 A US 31056739A US 2244537 A US2244537 A US 2244537A
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cutters
drag
outer
body
bit
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Expired - Lifetime
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Archer W Kammerer
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Archer W Kammerer
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B10/00Drill bits
    • E21B10/08Roller bits
    • E21B10/14Roller bits combined with non-rolling cutters other than of leading-portion type

Description

June 3, 141. A. W. KAMMERER WELL DRILLING BIT Filed Dec. 22, 1939 Patented June 3, 1941 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE WELL DRILLING BIT Archer W. Kammerer, Fullerton, Calif.

Application December 22, 1939, Serial No. 310,567

20 Claims.

This invention relates to earth boring tools; and more particularly to drilling bits used in the rotary drilling of Wells.

In the rotary method of drilling oil wells and the like, it is usual practice to remove relatively soft earth formations by employing a drag or blade type of bit. As drilling proceeds, the outer reaming edges of the cutter blades become worn to progressively greater extents, with attendant decrease in the effective diameter of the bit, resulting in the production of a downwardly tapering; undersized hole, which must be brought to the required diameter throughout its entire length either by a reamer or another bit before drilling of the hole to greater depths can continue. It has heretofore also been difficult to drill a straight, vertical hole with a drag bit, especially when heavy drilling weights are imposed on the bit for the purpose of making more, rapid progress through the formation.

It is, accordingly, an object of the present invention to provide an improved rotary drill bit embodying blade or drag types of cutters, the bit being capable of forming a hole of the required diameter throughout its useful drilling life without loss of gauge onthe blade or drag cutters as drilling proceeds.

It is a further object of the invention to provide an improved rotary drill bit having its cutting elements designed and arranged to inherently drill a vertical hole, and to bring a hole which has deviated back to the vertical.

While drag bits are effective in removing soft earth formations, they are comparatively ineffective in making progress through hard formations. Strata answering this latter description can be removed by bits having rolling cutters,

but this type of bit will not function adequately in soft formations. Another object of the invention is, therefore, to provide an improved composite rotary drilling bit having both drag and roller cutters, capable of efliciently drilling both soft and hard formations, and of making relatively rapid. progress through formations that are not suited for removal by either drag or roller cutters alone.

Still another object of the invention involves the provision of a composite drag and roller bit of sturdy construction, in which the cutters are readily replaceable, permitting reemployment of the main bit body for a plurality of runs.

Another object of the invention is to arrange t e cutters of a drill bit in such a manner as to facilitate their cleaning by the drilling fluid and the removal of cuttings from the hole bottom.

This invention possesses many other advantages and has other objects which will become apparent from a consideration of the embodiment shown in the drawing accompanying and forming part of the present specification. This form will now be described in detail to illustrate the general principles of the invention, but it is to be understood that such detailed description is not to be taken in a limited sense, since the invention is best defined in the claims appended hereto.

Referring to the drawing:

Figure 1 is an elevational view of a drill bit, parts being removed for purposes of clarity, and other portions being shown in section.

Figure 2 is a longitudinal section taken generally along the line 2-2 of Figure l, and

Figure 3 is a plan view of the drill bit, as seen from the bottom of Figure 1.

The example of the invention disclosed in the drawing includes a main body or shank I'll having the usual threaded, tapered pin II at its upper end for attaching the bit to a tubular string of drill pipe (not shown), by means of which the bit can be rotated from the surface of the hole, in a well-known manner. Depending downwardly from the main body is a pair of opposed legs l2, I2 rotatably carrying side or gauge toothed cutters l3, l3 whose purpose is to remove the outer portions of the formation material and to maintain the hole to its required diameter. It is preferred that these cutters l3, l3 rotate on anti-friction bearings, and that their mounting be such as to permit their replacement without damage to the main body of the shank, enabling reemployment of the latter member for a plurality of runs. While the specific mounting for the side roller cutters form no part of the present invention, reference is made to United States Patent No. 2,145,573, patented January 31, 1939 in the name of John T. Phipps, as illustrative of one arrangement that can be used. It is to be understood, however, that other rotatable mountings for the side or gauge out ters can be utilized without departing from the present invention.

The formation material within the annulus p out by the side rollers is removed by cutters of the drag or blade type. These cutters form part of an assembly A and are preferably rigid or integral with respect to each other, consisting of outer drag cutters I4, l4 and inner drag cutters l5, l5 disposed at an angle s to the former, with intervening openings or spaces 16 provided anti-friction bearing and detachable therebetween for purposes of cleaning both the cutting portions of the drag assembly A and the bottom of the hole, in a manner more specifllcally described hereinafter. The upper portions lie of the inner cutters are bevelled to clear the side cutters.

The drag cutter assembly A is securely attached to the main body or shank III of the bit by having its reduced ends l7, l1 slidably fitting within grooves or guideways l8, l8 formed lengthwise in the inner faces of legs 49, I3 depending from the main bit body, and preferably integral therewith. The drag cutter assembly A is inserted into the main body with its ends I! sliding within the guideways l8 until its upper surface 20 abuts the underside 2| of the bit shank. This drag assembly can then be integrated with its cooperable legs l9 by welding fillets 22 between the legs and the outer dra cutters l4, both along the inner side surfaces of the legs and along their undersurface. Because of this arrangement of parts, drilling weight .imposed on the drag assembly is transmitted directly between the upper surface 20 of the drag cutter and the undersurface 2| of the main bit body, while the driving eflort or torque is transmitted directly between the sides of the grooves or guideways l8 and the reduced end I] engageable therewith. In this manner, a functionally integral drag bit construction is provided, in which removal of the drag cutters and their replacement is accomplished through the simple expedient of burning away or otherwise removing the welded fillets 22.

Another mode of securing the drag cutter assembly A rigidly to the main body in of the bit is to secure outer studs 23, or an intermediate stud 24, or both, to the upper portion of the drag cutter assembly, the outer studs extending upwardly through holes 25 at the sides of the shank with their ends positioned within recesses or pockets 26 formed in the inclined portions of the body, while the central stud 24 extends upwardly through a hole 21 in the shank and into a fluid passageway or chamber 28 communicating with a central passageway 29 extending through the body and its upper threaded Din ll. place, as shown in Figure 1, by the nuts 30 threaded onto the outer studs within the pockets or recesses, and by a nut 3| threaded onto the central stud and bearing against the bottom of the fluid chamber 28. This latter nut can readily be assembled on its cooperative stud by inserting it through the central fluid passageway 29 and by employing a suitable wrench.

The two modes of rigidly securing the drag cutter to the main bit body can both be utilized in a single bit construction, or one may be employed in preference to the other, depending upon the particular drilling conditions prevailing within the hole.

The drag or cross cutter assembly A is disposed between the side cutters 13 with its central plane substantially at right angles to the axes-of rotation of the side cutters. The outer drag cutters H are of such width as to cut an annulus q on the bottom of the hole, with the outermost end portions a of these cutters each having a radius at least equal to and preferably slightly greater than the radius of the inner circumference of the annulus of material p removed by the side roller cutters. Similarly, the central portion 1' of the formation material is removed by the inner drag cutters l5, which The various studs are securely held in have a radius at least equal to and preierabh' slightly greater than the radius of the inner circle traced by the outer drag cutters. It is to be noted further that the lowermost toothed portions of the sideroller cutters l3 lead or are positioned ahead of the outer drag cutters H in a downward vertical direction by a material extent, and that the bottom contacting portions of the outer drag cutters ll also lead the bottom contacting portions of the inner drag cutters l5. Because of this arrangement, the roller cutters are relied upon to remove the outer annulus p of'formation material and to keep the hole to its requisite diameter. But in view of the fact that these cutters lead and overlap the path traced by the outer drag cutters H, the

outermost end portions a of the latter do not operate upon the formation at all, and consequently are prevented from wearing and losing their gauge. The similar leading and overlapping by the outer drag cutters ll of the inner drag cutters l5 prevents the ends I 511 of the latter from operating upon the formation and their loss of gauge. Thus, wear on the drag cutters l4, I5 is concentrated at their bottom formation engaging surfaces, while reliance is placed on the roller cutters l3 to keep the hole to gauge throughout the drilling life of the bit, which experience shows is accomplished very efl'ectively.

The cutting portions of the bit and the'hole bottom are kept clean by means of a plurality of fluid passages or nozzles communicating with the fluid chamber 28 within the main body of the bit. The side cutters II are cleaned by the direct impact on their teeth of fluid issuing from the nozzles 32. The cutting surfaces of the outer drag cutters or blades ll are cleaned by fluid issuing from the outer set of nozzles 33, disposed on the leading side of these cutters (as regards the rotational direction of the bit) and inclined upwardly and inwardly to the axis of the bit. The inner cutter blades 55 are kept clean by fluid issuing from the nozzles 34 positioned in advance of their cutting surfaces and adapted to direct fluid at an angle onto these surfaces, because of the inclination of the nozzle axes in the opposite direction to that of the nozzles 33 for cleaning the outer blades. The fluid issuing from these nozzles 33, 34 will not only clean the drag cutters, but it also has practically a direct impact upon the cuttings at the bottom of the hole to remove them to the surface of the bore and leave the bottom free from cuttings, under which conditions the cutters can penetrate most efiectively.

It has been found that drilling by this type of bit is enhanced if the inner drag cutters l5 are disposed at an angle 8 to the outer drag cutters l4 and trail them by no more than degrees, and preferably by an acute angle. This not only assists in the removal of'the formation material, but also provides the openings l6 between the outer and inner blades through which the cuttings can pass, and through which they can be flushed by fluid issuing from the inner set of nozzles 34. The direction of fluid discharge from these nozzles and the acute angle s of the inner cutters with respect to the outer cutters serves to move the drilling mud and cuttings partially through these openings from where they are caused to pass outwardly and upwardly to the surface of the'bore.

The progressive leading of the cutters l3, ll, IE not only maintains the hole to gauge and eliminates side wear on the drag cutters, but it also results in the formation of a high center at the bottom of the hole, which assists its breakdown and is conducive to straight hole drilling, and also to bringing a deviated hole back to the vertical. In this connection,.the ability of the bit to produce a vertical hole is enhanced if the bottoms of the drag cutters ll, l5 are inclined slightly upwardly and inwardly, as shown in the drawing.

Thus, I have developed a drilling bit capable of drilling a full gauge, straight hole, and in which the detritus is removed from both the cutter surfaces and the hole bottom to allow maximum drilling progress. The composite character of the bit permits it to make rapid progress in soft formations and material progress in the hard formations, while strata of intermediate characteristics can be removed more eii'ectively and rapidly than with drag bits or rock bits alone.

I claim:

1. A drill bit, including a main body, side roller cutters rotatably carried by said body, a drag asembly secured to said main body and having inner and outer cutters disposed at an angle to each other, said roller cutters extending below said outer cutters and said outer cutters extending below said inner cutters.

2. A drill bit, including a main body, side roller cutters rotatably carried by said body, a drag assembly secured to said main body and having spaced inner and outer cutters disposed at an angle to each other, said roller cutters extending below said outer cutters and said outer cutters extending below said inner cutters, the maximum efiective radius of the outer cutters being at least equal to the radius of the innermost portion of the annular path traced by said side cutters, and the maximum effective radius of said inner cutters being at least equal to the minimum radius of said outer cutters.

3. A drill bit, including a main body having a pair of depending legs, side roller cutters rotatably carried by said legs, a second pair of legs depending from said body between said firstmentioned pair, a drag assembly secured to and between said second pair of legs, said assembly comprising outer blade cutters and inner blade cutters disposed at an angle to said outer cutters.

4. A drill bit, including a main body having a pair of depending legs, side roller cutters rotatably carried by said legs, a second pair of legs depending from said body between said firstmentioned pair, a drag assembly secured to and between said second pair of legs, said assembly comprising outer blade cutters adapted to trace an annular path and inner blade cutters adapted to act upon the central portion of a hole bottom within said annular path, said inner cutters trailing said outer cutters by an angle of no more than 90 degrees.

5. A drill bit, including a main body, side roller cutters rotatably carried by said body, a drag assembly secured to said body with its central plane substantially at right angles to the axes of rotation of said side cutters, said assembly comprising outer blade cutters and inner blade cutters trailing said outer cutters by acute angles and being in spaced relation to said outer cutters.

6. A drill bit, including a main body, opposed side roller cutters carried by said body for rotation about axes disposed inwardly and downwardly of the bit axis, a drag assembly secured to said body with its central plane substantially at right angles to the axes of rotation of said side cutters, said assembly comprising outer blade cutters and inner blade cutters disposed at an angle to said outer cutters and in spaced relation thereto, each of said inner cutters having a. portion bevelled in an upward and inward direction and lying adjacent said side cutters.

7. A drill bit, including a main body having a pair of depending legs, opposed side roller cutters carried by said legs for rotation about axes inclined inwardly and downwardly to the bit axis, a second pair of opposed legs depending from said body between said first-mentioned pair, a drag assembly secured to and between said second pair of legs with its central plane substantially at right angles to the rotational axes of said side cutters, said assembly comprising outer blade cutters and inner blade cutters trailing said outer cutters by acute angles and in spaced relation thereto, each of said inner cutters having an upper portion bevelled in an upward and inward direction of lying adjacent the inner faces of said side cutters.

8. A drill bit as defined in claim '7, said roller cutters extending below said outer cutters, and said outer cutters extending below said inner cutters.

9. A drill bit, including a main body, side roller cutters rotatably carried by said body, said body comprising a plurality of depending legs disposed between said cutters, a drag assembly posi-. tioned between and received within grooves in the inner faces of said legs, and means for detachably securing said assembly to said body.

10. A drill bit, including a main body, side roller cutters rotatably carried by said body. said body comprising a plurality of depending legs disposed between said cutters, a drag assembly positioned between and attachable to said legs, and means for detachably securing said assembly to said legs.

11. A drill bit, including a main body, side roller cutters rotatably carried by said body, said body comprising a pair of depending legs disposed between said cutters, a unitary drag assembly positioned between and slidably received within longitudinal grooves in the inner faces of said legs, and means for detachably securing said assembly to said body.

12. A drill bit, including a main body having a pair of depending legs and an undersurface between said legs, side roller cutters rotatably carried by said body between said legs, a unitary drag assembly abutting the undersurface of said body and positioned between and slidably received within longitudinal grooves in the inner faces of said legs, and means for securing said assembly rigidly to said body.

13. A drill bit, including a main body having a pair of depending legs and an undersurface between said legs, side roller cutters rotatably carried by said body between said legs, a unitary drag assembly abutting the undersurface of said body and positioned between and attachable to said legs, and means for securing said assembly rigidly to said legs.

14. A drill bit as defined in claim 12, said means comprising welding'material integrating said assembly to said legs.

15. A drill bit as defined in claim 12, said means comprising a plurality of studs fixed to said assembly and extending upwardly through holes in said body, and nuts on said studs for fixedly securing said assembly to said body.

16. A drill bit as defined in claim 11, said means comprising a stud fixed to each end of the drag assembly and extending upwardly through a hole in the body into a recess provided in the outer surface of said body, and a nut within said recess threaded on each stud.

17. A drill bit, including a main body, side roller cutters rotatably carried by said body, a drag assembly fixed to said body and extending between said side cutters, said assembly comprising depending outer cutters and inner cutters disposed at an angle to said outer cutters and in spaced relation thereto, said body having a plurality of openings for directing cleaning fluid on said inner and outer cutters, the openings for said outer cutters having their lines or discharge inclined downwardly and outwardly, and the openings for said inner cutter: having their lines of discharge inclined downwardly and inwardly.

18. A drill bit, including a main body, side roller cutters rotatably carried by said body, a drag assembly fixed 'to said body and extending between said side cutters, said assembly comprising depending outer cutters adapted to trace an annular path and inner cutters trailing said outer cutters by an acute angle and adapted to trace a path within said annular path, said inner and outer cutters being in spaced relation to provide longitudinal openings therebetween, said body having a plurality oi passages for directing cleaning fluid on the leading faces of said inner and outer cutters, the lines of dis- I charge or said passages for said inner cutters being inclined downwardly and inwardly.

19. A drill bit, including a main body having a pair of depending legs, peripherally toothed side roller cutters rotatably carried by said legs and adapted to trace an annular path on the bottom of a bore hole being produced, a second pair of legs depending from said body between said first-mentioned pair, drag cutters secured to said second pair of legs to trace a path within said annular path, the teeth of said roller cutters extending below the lower cutting edges of said drag cutters. I

20. A drill bit, including a main body, peripherally toothed side roller cutters rotatably carried by said body and adapted to-trace an annular path on the bottom of the bore hole being produced, a pair of legs depending from said body between said side roller cutters, drag outters secured to said pair of legs to trace a path within said annular path, the teeth of said roller cutters extending below the lower cutting edges of said drag cutters.

ARCHER W. KAMMERER.

US2244537A 1939-12-22 1939-12-22 Well drilling bit Expired - Lifetime US2244537A (en)

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2661931A (en) * 1950-12-04 1953-12-08 Security Engineering Division Hydraulic rotary rock bit
US3019845A (en) * 1958-06-25 1962-02-06 Kingston Instr Company Ltd Magnetic retrieving tool
DE3314583A1 (en) * 1982-07-20 1984-02-09 Sumitomo Metal Mining Co Drilling bit
US4782903A (en) * 1987-01-28 1988-11-08 Strange William S Replaceable insert stud for drilling bits
US4932484A (en) * 1989-04-10 1990-06-12 Amoco Corporation Whirl resistant bit
USRE34435E (en) * 1989-04-10 1993-11-09 Amoco Corporation Whirl resistant bit
US20090272582A1 (en) * 2008-05-02 2009-11-05 Baker Hughes Incorporated Modular hybrid drill bit
US20100025119A1 (en) * 2007-04-05 2010-02-04 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bit and method of using tsp or mosaic cutters on a hybrid bit
US20100224417A1 (en) * 2009-03-03 2010-09-09 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bit with high bearing pin angles
US20100270085A1 (en) * 2009-04-28 2010-10-28 Baker Hughes Incorporated Adaptive control concept for hybrid pdc/roller cone bits
US20100288561A1 (en) * 2009-05-13 2010-11-18 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bit
US20100320001A1 (en) * 2009-06-18 2010-12-23 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid bit with variable exposure
US20110079442A1 (en) * 2009-10-06 2011-04-07 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hole opener with hybrid reaming section
US20110079443A1 (en) * 2009-10-06 2011-04-07 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hole opener with hybrid reaming section
US20110079444A1 (en) * 2009-09-16 2011-04-07 Baker Hughes Incorporated External, Divorced PDC Bearing Assemblies for Hybrid Drill Bits
CN103015899A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-04-03 江汉石油钻头股份有限公司 Mixed drilling bit with enhanced core part cutting function
US8678111B2 (en) 2007-11-16 2014-03-25 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bit and design method
US8950514B2 (en) 2010-06-29 2015-02-10 Baker Hughes Incorporated Drill bits with anti-tracking features
US8978786B2 (en) 2010-11-04 2015-03-17 Baker Hughes Incorporated System and method for adjusting roller cone profile on hybrid bit
US9353575B2 (en) 2011-11-15 2016-05-31 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bits having increased drilling efficiency
US9476259B2 (en) 2008-05-02 2016-10-25 Baker Hughes Incorporated System and method for leg retention on hybrid bits
US9782857B2 (en) 2011-02-11 2017-10-10 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bit having increased service life
US10072462B2 (en) 2016-04-13 2018-09-11 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bits

Cited By (41)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2661931A (en) * 1950-12-04 1953-12-08 Security Engineering Division Hydraulic rotary rock bit
US3019845A (en) * 1958-06-25 1962-02-06 Kingston Instr Company Ltd Magnetic retrieving tool
DE3314583A1 (en) * 1982-07-20 1984-02-09 Sumitomo Metal Mining Co Drilling bit
US4782903A (en) * 1987-01-28 1988-11-08 Strange William S Replaceable insert stud for drilling bits
WO1990012192A1 (en) * 1989-04-10 1990-10-18 Amoco Corporation Whirl resistant bit
US4932484A (en) * 1989-04-10 1990-06-12 Amoco Corporation Whirl resistant bit
USRE34435E (en) * 1989-04-10 1993-11-09 Amoco Corporation Whirl resistant bit
US20100025119A1 (en) * 2007-04-05 2010-02-04 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bit and method of using tsp or mosaic cutters on a hybrid bit
US8678111B2 (en) 2007-11-16 2014-03-25 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bit and design method
US8356398B2 (en) 2008-05-02 2013-01-22 Baker Hughes Incorporated Modular hybrid drill bit
US9476259B2 (en) 2008-05-02 2016-10-25 Baker Hughes Incorporated System and method for leg retention on hybrid bits
US20090272582A1 (en) * 2008-05-02 2009-11-05 Baker Hughes Incorporated Modular hybrid drill bit
US20110120269A1 (en) * 2008-05-02 2011-05-26 Baker Hughes Incorporated Modular hybrid drill bit
US20100224417A1 (en) * 2009-03-03 2010-09-09 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bit with high bearing pin angles
US8141664B2 (en) * 2009-03-03 2012-03-27 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bit with high bearing pin angles
US20100270085A1 (en) * 2009-04-28 2010-10-28 Baker Hughes Incorporated Adaptive control concept for hybrid pdc/roller cone bits
US8056651B2 (en) 2009-04-28 2011-11-15 Baker Hughes Incorporated Adaptive control concept for hybrid PDC/roller cone bits
US20100288561A1 (en) * 2009-05-13 2010-11-18 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bit
US9670736B2 (en) 2009-05-13 2017-06-06 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bit
US8459378B2 (en) 2009-05-13 2013-06-11 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bit
US8157026B2 (en) 2009-06-18 2012-04-17 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid bit with variable exposure
US8336646B2 (en) 2009-06-18 2012-12-25 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid bit with variable exposure
US20100320001A1 (en) * 2009-06-18 2010-12-23 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid bit with variable exposure
US9982488B2 (en) 2009-09-16 2018-05-29 Baker Hughes Incorporated External, divorced PDC bearing assemblies for hybrid drill bits
US9556681B2 (en) 2009-09-16 2017-01-31 Baker Hughes Incorporated External, divorced PDC bearing assemblies for hybrid drill bits
US20110079444A1 (en) * 2009-09-16 2011-04-07 Baker Hughes Incorporated External, Divorced PDC Bearing Assemblies for Hybrid Drill Bits
US9004198B2 (en) 2009-09-16 2015-04-14 Baker Hughes Incorporated External, divorced PDC bearing assemblies for hybrid drill bits
US8448724B2 (en) 2009-10-06 2013-05-28 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hole opener with hybrid reaming section
US20110079440A1 (en) * 2009-10-06 2011-04-07 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hole opener with hybrid reaming section
US8191635B2 (en) 2009-10-06 2012-06-05 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hole opener with hybrid reaming section
US20110079442A1 (en) * 2009-10-06 2011-04-07 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hole opener with hybrid reaming section
US20110079441A1 (en) * 2009-10-06 2011-04-07 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hole opener with hybrid reaming section
US8347989B2 (en) 2009-10-06 2013-01-08 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hole opener with hybrid reaming section and method of making
US20110079443A1 (en) * 2009-10-06 2011-04-07 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hole opener with hybrid reaming section
US8950514B2 (en) 2010-06-29 2015-02-10 Baker Hughes Incorporated Drill bits with anti-tracking features
US9657527B2 (en) 2010-06-29 2017-05-23 Baker Hughes Incorporated Drill bits with anti-tracking features
US8978786B2 (en) 2010-11-04 2015-03-17 Baker Hughes Incorporated System and method for adjusting roller cone profile on hybrid bit
US9782857B2 (en) 2011-02-11 2017-10-10 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bit having increased service life
US9353575B2 (en) 2011-11-15 2016-05-31 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bits having increased drilling efficiency
CN103015899A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-04-03 江汉石油钻头股份有限公司 Mixed drilling bit with enhanced core part cutting function
US10072462B2 (en) 2016-04-13 2018-09-11 Baker Hughes Incorporated Hybrid drill bits

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