US2237680A - Well cap - Google Patents

Well cap Download PDF

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Publication number
US2237680A
US2237680A US179393A US17939337A US2237680A US 2237680 A US2237680 A US 2237680A US 179393 A US179393 A US 179393A US 17939337 A US17939337 A US 17939337A US 2237680 A US2237680 A US 2237680A
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United States
Prior art keywords
well
casing
cap
packer
drop pipe
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Expired - Lifetime
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US179393A
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Harry R Mark
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CLAYTON MARK AND CO
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CLAYTON MARK AND CO
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Priority to US179393A priority Critical patent/US2237680A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B5/00Use of pumping plants or installations; Layouts thereof
    • E03B5/04Use of pumping plants or installations; Layouts thereof arranged in wells
    • E03B5/06Special equipment, e.g. well seals and connections for well casings or the like

Description

April 3, 194L H. R. MARK 2,237,680

WELL CAP Filed Dec. 15, 1957 I V711 l` l Y u mig INVENTOR mmv R. MAM

Patented Apr. 8, 1941 WELL CAI Harry B. Mark, Evanston, Ill., assignor to Clayton Mark & Company, Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Delaware Application December 13, 1937, Serial No. 179,393

1 Claim. (Cl. 285-22) The invention relates to water well construction and particularly tosealing heads or caps therefor.

.salutation requirements relating to the construction of water wells and appurtenances make it necessary to provide an effective seal between the drop pipe and well casing in order to eliminate the possibility oi contamination resulting from water seepage or the entry of other bacteria laden iorelgn substances at this point. This problem hits assumed such proportions in the last few vertrat that some states have passed laws requiring thv.h provision oi water well seals. A number ci seals have been developed for this purpose but these prior constructions have been cumbersome and eiipenslve and their design has been such as to necessitate the removal of the pump and drop 'pille before installation can be made. It is an obiect of my invention to provide a well cap assembly which is simpler in construction than those heretofore known and which can be manuiactul'ed at low cost.

il il'ui'ther object is to provide a water well cap assembly which in addition tobeing of unusually simple construction is so designed as to permit installation and removal after the well has been constructed and without disturbing the position ci the drop pipe.

s more specific object is to` provide a well cap oi the character described which is so constructed that the packing element seats against the inner surirlce of the well casing thus avoiding the necessity of providing an auxiliary sleeve or extension of the casing pipe.

d still further object is to provide a cap which will eliminate vibration when the pump is operating. It is also an object of my invention to provide a sanitary well cap in which a rubber paclrlhg extends entirely across the opening between the well v casing and the drop pipe and yet which embodies means for venting the casing in order to equalize the pressure inside and out. Other objects and advantages will appear as the description proceeds. y

lin the drawing I have illustrated by way of example my preferred construction. Fig. 1 is a at I. Projecting into the well casing is a drop pipe 2 which connects the well casing to the pump (not shown). The cap assembly consists generally oi upper and lower split rings ordiscs 3 and 4, preferably of cast iron. Each of these is preferably annular in form as will be seen in Fig. 2*k and is divided along the diameter to form two separate segments each having a cylindrical inner surface for engagement with the outside of the drop pipe 2. A packing 5 is carried between the members 3 and ai and it likewise is in the iorm of .a divided annular ring or disc. The packer li is made of a resilient material, preferably rubber.

The packer ti is clamped between the ring members il and Il by means of bolts b which extend thru apertures formed in these members and in the packer. Bolts Il have a threaded engagement with the lower ring member 4 and may be provided at their lower ends with Cotter pins l preventing the loss oi the lower parts of the assembly when the bolts t are unscrewed to remove the cap. it will be observed that the respective ring and packer segments are held together in two units separable at 3 for convenient installation and removal with the drop pipe l in place in the Well casing l.

Extending thru the ring and packer segments forming one side of the cap is a vent passage 9 closed at its upper end by a removable plug Ill threaded into the upper cap member 3. When the plug I0 is removed a vent tube may be attached in its place thus providing means for equalizing. the pressure within and without the casing.

An essential feature of the construction shown is the provision of a flange II extending outwardly from the upper cap member 3, forming a shoulder arranged to rest on the upper end of the wel] casing I to support the cap assembly thereon. This ilange II preferably extends around the entire periphery of the cap member 3.

I prefer to provide one or both of the ring members 3 and I with raised portions surrounding the apertures therein for engagement with the packer 5. Thus in the construction shown the upper ring 3 has projections I2' on its lower surface surrounding the apertures for the bolts 6. An increased guiding engagement between the segments of the cap assembly and the drop pipe 2 may be obtained without appreciable increase in weight of the assembly by providing a. downwardly extending flange I3 on the segments of the ring 4.

VWhen installing the cap, bolts 6 are retracted to a position loosely holding the parts together and the assembled segments are placed around the drop pipe 2 with the cylindrical inner surfaces of the ring segments 3 and 4 in engagement with the pipe lust above the end of the casing I and dropped into position in the end of the casing. Bolts 6 are then tightened, drawing the ring 4 up toward the ring 3 and forcing the resilient material of the packer 5 to ilow laterally into holding and sealing engagement with both the casing I and drop pipe 2, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3, forming an effective seal and providing a resilient connection between the casing and drop pipe which serves to absorb vibrations emanating from the pump. The plug i0 can then be removed and if desired a vent pipe attached thereto, such vent pipe being opened to the atmosphere at some point where there is no danger of contamination by the entry of foreign substances.

It will be seen that by my construction I have provided an effective sanitary seal which prevents air or water leaks and insures that the well will be proof against contamination by surface drainage or from other sources. The construction, moreover, eliminates or greatly reduces vibration or lifting" when the pump is operating. Installation and removal of the assembly can be made easily and rapidly either before or after the pump is connected and the drop pipe is in place. It will also be apparent that these various objectives have been attained with a construction of unusual simplicity and which can be applied directly to the drop pipe and well casing without the provision of auxiliary sleeves or extensions.

The terms and expressions which I have employed are used as terms of description and not of limitation and I have no intention of excluding such equivalents or minor variations of the invention shown and described as may fall within the purview of the claim.

I claim:

A sealing cap for a Water Well casing, comprising upper and lower split discs, a divided resilient packer arranged between said discs, said discs and packer having cylindrical inner and outer surfaces for engagement with a drop pipe and well casing, respectively, said upper disc having a peripheral flange forming a shoulder for engagement with the end of a well casing to support the cap assembly thereon, and means passing through the assembled discs and packer for drawing said discs toward each other whereby the resilient packer is forced to ow laterally into holding and sealing engagement with the drop pipe and well casing.

HARRY R. MARK.

US179393A 1937-12-13 1937-12-13 Well cap Expired - Lifetime US2237680A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2545651A (en) * 1946-11-09 1951-03-20 Sun Oil Co Fractionating tower bubble cap tray
US2683046A (en) * 1950-03-30 1954-07-06 Cameron Iron Works Inc Pipe hanger and seal assembly
US2735697A (en) * 1956-02-21 Sealed reducer joint between pipes
US2738991A (en) * 1954-11-19 1956-03-20 John D Rieser Self-contained vent drum/pump coupler unit
US2800242A (en) * 1954-11-18 1957-07-23 Harold A Sauthoff Combination driller's and pump seal
US3118690A (en) * 1960-04-01 1964-01-21 Gray Tool Co Well completion equipment having rotatable hanger bushings
US3503635A (en) * 1968-08-28 1970-03-31 Jess & Lowell Well Casing Co Well seals
US4505499A (en) * 1983-04-15 1985-03-19 Uglow Malcolm Sydney Roof drain insert coupling
US4858963A (en) * 1988-07-15 1989-08-22 Kimbrough Earl P Sealing apparatus for concentric conduits
US4932810A (en) * 1989-09-25 1990-06-12 Conoco Inc. Corrosion protection system for a pipeline crossing
US5765834A (en) * 1995-02-03 1998-06-16 Alcatel Kabel Norse As Sealing device
US20080084032A1 (en) * 2006-10-10 2008-04-10 Cravens Jerry R Pest control seal for recreational vehicle
EP1970604A1 (en) * 2007-03-14 2008-09-17 Blakeney Ironworks Limited Seal arrangement
US20120007314A1 (en) * 2009-03-27 2012-01-12 Cameron International Corporation Full bore compression sealing method
US20170167612A1 (en) * 2015-12-14 2017-06-15 Scott Finnestad Split packing gland inserts and packing retainers for a stuffing box
US9994194B2 (en) 2015-08-21 2018-06-12 Randy Greene Recreational vehicle service compartment sealing shroud
US10125900B2 (en) * 2016-01-20 2018-11-13 Gary Penrod Device to prevent entry by rodents and other such pests into a recreational vehicle's service compartment

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2735697A (en) * 1956-02-21 Sealed reducer joint between pipes
US2545651A (en) * 1946-11-09 1951-03-20 Sun Oil Co Fractionating tower bubble cap tray
US2683046A (en) * 1950-03-30 1954-07-06 Cameron Iron Works Inc Pipe hanger and seal assembly
US2800242A (en) * 1954-11-18 1957-07-23 Harold A Sauthoff Combination driller's and pump seal
US2738991A (en) * 1954-11-19 1956-03-20 John D Rieser Self-contained vent drum/pump coupler unit
US3118690A (en) * 1960-04-01 1964-01-21 Gray Tool Co Well completion equipment having rotatable hanger bushings
US3503635A (en) * 1968-08-28 1970-03-31 Jess & Lowell Well Casing Co Well seals
US4505499A (en) * 1983-04-15 1985-03-19 Uglow Malcolm Sydney Roof drain insert coupling
US4858963A (en) * 1988-07-15 1989-08-22 Kimbrough Earl P Sealing apparatus for concentric conduits
US4932810A (en) * 1989-09-25 1990-06-12 Conoco Inc. Corrosion protection system for a pipeline crossing
AU706018B2 (en) * 1995-02-03 1999-06-03 Alcatel Australia Limited Cable sealing device
US5765834A (en) * 1995-02-03 1998-06-16 Alcatel Kabel Norse As Sealing device
US20080084032A1 (en) * 2006-10-10 2008-04-10 Cravens Jerry R Pest control seal for recreational vehicle
US8128132B2 (en) * 2006-10-10 2012-03-06 Rtc Technical Services Inc. Pest control seal for recreational vehicle
EP1970604A1 (en) * 2007-03-14 2008-09-17 Blakeney Ironworks Limited Seal arrangement
US20120007314A1 (en) * 2009-03-27 2012-01-12 Cameron International Corporation Full bore compression sealing method
US10053946B2 (en) * 2009-03-27 2018-08-21 Cameron International Corporation Full bore compression sealing method
US9994194B2 (en) 2015-08-21 2018-06-12 Randy Greene Recreational vehicle service compartment sealing shroud
US20170167612A1 (en) * 2015-12-14 2017-06-15 Scott Finnestad Split packing gland inserts and packing retainers for a stuffing box
US10125900B2 (en) * 2016-01-20 2018-11-13 Gary Penrod Device to prevent entry by rodents and other such pests into a recreational vehicle's service compartment

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