US2225702A - Bubble-forming device - Google Patents

Bubble-forming device Download PDF

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Publication number
US2225702A
US2225702A US33010840A US2225702A US 2225702 A US2225702 A US 2225702A US 33010840 A US33010840 A US 33010840A US 2225702 A US2225702 A US 2225702A
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Prior art keywords
air
bubble
cup
member
conduit
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Expired - Lifetime
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Jr John K Lyon
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Jr John K Lyon
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS, BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H33/00Other toys
    • A63H33/28Soap-bubble toys; Smoke toys

Description

Dec. 24, 1940. J Y N, JR 2,225,702

BUBBLE-FORIING DEVICE Filed April 17. 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 J 79 (l \I JOHNKZYOMJHQ 1N VENTOR.

ATTORNEY.

Dec. 24, 1940.

J. K. LYON, JR

BUBBLE-FORMING DEVICE Filed April 17, 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 JOHN K.LY0N,J12.,

INVENTOR.

ATTORNEY.

Patented Dec. 24, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT, OFFICE 8 Claims.

This invention relates to bubble-forming devices and pertains particularly to a device which may be employed to produce one or more bubbles under the control of and at the will of an oper- '5 ator.

The device is primarily intended to be used in target practice or the like, wherein one or more bubbles are released into the air in position to be shot at in the same manner as birds are released in trap or skeet shooting.

One of the particular objects of the invention is to provide a simple and inexpensive device which will repetitively produce a relatively large bubble and discharge the same into the air at the will of the operator. A further object of the invention is to provide a device having separately controlled and separately functioning air supply means for producing and discharging the bubble.

The accompanying drawings illustrate two embodiments of the device and referring thereto:

Fig. 1 is a vertical section of one embodiment of the construction;

Fig. 2 is a plan view thereof as taken on line 22 in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary detail thereof as taken on line 3-3 in Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a view corresponding to Fig. 1, showing a modified form of construction; and

Fig. 5 is a detail View of the bubble-forming cup member useful according to the invention, illustrating the action of the air and bubbleforming solution therein.

Referring to Figs. 1 to 3 the device may comprise a supporting structure I, having a base 2, 35 carrying a motor 3 provided with a connecting power cord, and a fan 4 positioned to produce an upward circulation of air. The motor 3 may comprise also a. driving means for a pressure pump 5 which may be of the so called diaphragm type comprising a casing 6, provided with a valved intake 1, and a flexible diaphragm 8 secured to the casing 6 and actuated through a push rod 9 and a pitman l0 connected to a crank I I carried on suitable bearings l2 and provided with a pulley l3 which may be connected to the drive pulley M on the motor 3 through any suitable belt means such as a rubber band l5.

The bubble-forming portion of the construction is located at the upper end of the support preferably above a protective screen member 20, and comprises a bubble cup 2| having an upwardly directed open end 22, a container 23 in fluid communication with the interior of cup 2| as through a conduit 24, said container being adapted to hold the body of bubble-forming fluid such as a soap solution and to deliver portions of the same to said cup member in restricted amounts. Conduit means are provided for supplying air to the interior of the bubble forming cup 2|, such as a conduit 25 opening through the side wall of the 5 cup 2| as at 26 and communicating with the discharge port 21 of the pump 5. The conduit 25, in this form of the'invention is preferably provided with an enlarged section 28 having a deformable side wall, the function of which will be 10 hereinafter set forth.

According to this invention air is supplied to the interior of the cup through the conduit 25 from the pump 5 and in the presence of a small amount of bubble-forming fluid within the cup 2| the supply of air to the cup with result in the formation of a bubble at the upper open end of the cup as indicated in dotted lines at 29. In order to utilize the bubble 29 for target purposes it is necessary to dislodge the same from the upper end of the bubble cup and to direct it upwardly into the atmosphere. In this embodiment of the invention the upward circulation of air from the fan 4 is utilized to dislodge the bubble and move it upwardly, and it is desirable that the supply of air to the interior of the cup 2| be interrupted when the upward blast of air about the cup is established. For this purpose I provide a valve means comprising a damper member 3| pivotally secured to the supporting structure as at 32 and biased into an upper or closed position as shown in full lines through the agency of a rubber band or other suitable spring member 33. An operating member for moving the damper out of the way to permit the upward circulation of air to take place is provided as by means of a string or cable 34 secured .to the damper as at 35 and extending through a suitable eyelet or the like 36 on the side wall of the supporting structure and thence through the base 2 as at 31, terminating in a loop or the like as at 3B in position for operation by the person having the device under his control. In order to shut off the supply of air to the interior of the cup 2| I may provide a wire loop or the like 4| attached to the damper 3| and adapted to engage the flexible side wall portion of the enlarged section 28 and thus close the conduit 25 when the damper 3| is pulledto its lower position such as indicated in dot-dash lines at 3|. In this position the 50 supply of air to the interior of the cup 2| is interrupted (the enlarged section 28 of the conduit 25 serving as a reservoir) and the full blast of the fan 4 is directed upwardly past the cup 2| which will dislodge the bubble 29 and force it 55 upwardly into the atmosphere. The blast of air from the fan 4 is preferably directedpast the exterior of the cup 2| and for this p pose I may provide the supporting structure with enclosing side walls 42 which in effect form an upwardly extending conduit for the direction of such blast.

It will be appreciated that the device may be operated to produce a consecutive series of individual bubbles 29 as long as the soap container will supply fluid to the interior of the cup, and that the period between the discharge of successive bubbles may be controlled by the operator inasmuch as he may hold the damper 3| in the lower position for as many seconds as he chooses (during which time there will be no formation of a bubble owing to the lack of air supply), then release the damper to its upper position some 4 or 5 seconds before he wishes to discharge a bubble into the atmosphere, during which 4 or 5 seconds the supply of air to the interior of the cup will produce a bubble 29 of a desired size. It has been found that bubbles approximately 4" in diameter may be produced at the rate of about ten per minute with this device, using a pump 5 which has a capacity in the neighborhood of 400 cubic inches of free air per minute.

The embodiment shown in Fig. 4 may comprise a housing or support structure 50 provided at its upper end with a bubble-forming cup 5|, a soap solution container 52 communicating with the interior of the cup 5| as at 53, a conduit 54 supplying air to the interior of the cup 5| and an air-directing member 55 adapted to directa blast of air upwardly around the cup 5| when it is desired to dislodge a bubble 56 from the upper end of the cup. The air supply for both the cup 5| and the air blast which is directed by the member 55 is in this embodiment provided by an external supply of air under low pressure, such as a small compressor, a pressure cylinder, or the like. The supply line from such a source is indicated at 51, and this supply line is brought laterally into the member 55 at some convenient position preferably intermediate its length, as at the side neck 58. Valve means are provided for alternatively supplying air through the conduit 54 or through the upper end of the directing member 55, such as a damper 59 pivotally mounted as at 60 on the member 55 and adapted in its full line position to seal off the upper end of the member 55 and direct the incoming air in part through a side neck 6| thence through a flexible connection 62 to the conduit 54 and in part downwardly through open lower end 63 of the member 55. The size of the opening 63 will be so selected with respect to the opposition offered by the conduit 54 to the flow of air to the cup 5|, in relation to the volume of air supplied at 58, that the requisite amount of air for bubbleforming purposes is supplied to the interior of the cup 5|. When the valve structure is moved to the dot-dash position 59' so that the damper 59 will seal the lower end of the member 55 from the inlet 58 (such movement being readily obtained through the agency of a crank arm 64 provided with an operating string 65 extending through an eyelet 66 on the side wall of the support 50 and thence outwardly of the device through an opening 61 adjacent the lower end of the supporting structure), air will be directed upwardly about the cup 5| and dislodge the bubble 56 therefrom. The damper 59 is preferably biased toward the position shown in full lines through the agency of a rubber band or suitable spring member 68 in much the same manner as the damper 3| is biased to its upper position in the form shown in Figs. 1 to 3.

The directing member 55 may be supported centrally below the cup 5| vthrough the agency. of spacer members 69, and the supporting structure 56 may be supported above the ground through the agency of foot or peg elements .12 secured to the lower portion thereof, this spacing being desirable to permit easy egress of the air discharged through the opening 63 during the formation of a bubble 56. It will be appreciated that the above form of device will operate in a manner entirely comparable to that of the form first described in that when the operating cord 65 is released, allowing the damper to come to its full line rest position, air will be supplied to the cup 5| and in the presence of the soap solution a bubble 56 will be formed. When it is desired to discharge this bubble into the atmosphere the cord 65 is pulled taut moving the damper 59 to the position 59' to direct the full supply of air furnished through the line 51 upwardly around the cup 5|, and thus dislodge the bubble 56.

I have found it of some advantage to position the bubble-forming solution supply conduits 24 and 53 substantially opposite the inlets 26 and 54' at which air is admitted to the interior of the cups 2| and 5|. This arrangement of the respective conduits is beneficial from the standpoint of preventing an undue supply of soap solution or other bubble-forming fluid to the cups in that when the conduits 25 and 54 are interrupted by the respective valve members the soap solution can drop from the containers into the bottom of the cup but upon the introduction of air into the interior of the cup excess soap solution will be forced into the soap solution conduit and further supply of bubble-forming solution will thus be interrupted until a bubble is formed, dislodged and a further quantity of bubble-forming solution allowed to enter the bubble-forming cup. Proper proportioning of the size of the bubbleforming solution inlet will be within the skill of the art, and will in part be controlled by the viscosity of the bubble-forming solution which is employed.

Referring to Fig. 5, I have illustrated a preferred arrangement of the air supply pipe (25 or 54) with respect to the cup (2| or 5|) and the soap solution supply line (24 or 53). The air supply line is preferably brought into the cup near the bottom, in such position with respect to the liquid supply line that when no air is being forced into the cup the liquid level of the soap solution will be somewhat above the opening 0 in the air supply pipe, as is indicated at L. When the air is supplied to the cup the liquid will be blown away from the opening 0 as at L, and the film of soap solution which covered the opening 0 will be blown into a bubble. When the air supply is cut oil, the liquid will return to the level L, placing the cup in condition for the formation of a new bubble.

It will be appreciated that wherever the word air" is used in the appended claims, any suitable gaseous fiuid is contemplated, for example, while when a diaphragm pump is used as in the first form of the invention, air will be the gaseous fluid used both for forming the bubble and for dislodging the same into the atmosphere, it would be entirely feasible to use oxygen or acetylene, for example, in connection with the second described form of device if such a gaseous fluid were available under pressure.

Other modifications of the construction will occur to those skilled in the art and I do not choose to be limited to the specific embodiments herein delineated but rather to the scope of the subjoined claims.

I claim:

1. A bubble-forming device which comprises: a support structure; a bubble-forming cup member having an upwardly directed open end disposed adjacent the upper end of said support structure; means for supplying a bubble-forming liquid to the interior of said cup member; conduit means for supplying air to the interior of said cup member; air-directing means positioned below said cup member for directing an air blast upwardly about said cup member; and air supply means for supplying air to said conduit means and said air-directing means, and including valve means movable between a position shutting off said conduit and a position shutting ofi said airdirecting means whereby air may successively be supplied to the interior or exterior of said cup member.

2. A bubble-forming device which comprises: a support structure defining an upwardly directed conduit; a bubble-forming cup member having an upwardly directed open end disposed adjacent the upper end of said support structure; means for supplying a bubble-forming liquidto the interior of said cup member and including a storage receptacle; air supply means disposed below said cup member and adapted to produce an upwardly directed air stream; a damper member disposed between said cup member and said draft producing member in position to close said conduit against such upward circulation of air; conduit means for supplying air to the interior of said cup member and including an air supply means therefor; and an actuating member movable to open said damper member and close said last named conduit means.

3. A bubble-forming device which comprises: a support structure defining an upwardly directed conduit; a bubble-forming cup member having an upwardly directed ,open end disposed adJacent the upper end of said support structure; means for supplying a bubble-forming liquid to the interior of said cup member and including a storage receptacle; a fan disposed below said cup member in position to produce an upwardly directed air stream; a damper member disposed between said cup member and said fan member to close said conduit against said air stream; conduit means for supplying air to the interior of said cup member and including an air supply means therefor; an actuating member movable to open said damper member and close said conduit means; and means for operating said fan.

4. The device set forth in claim 3, said conduit means being provided with a compressible side wall portion, and said damper member being provided with a contact member adapted to engage said side wall portion of said conduit means to close said conduit means and interrupt supply of air to the interior of said cup member.

5. A bubble-forming device which comprises: a support structure defining an upwardly directed conduit; a bubble-forming cup member having an upwardly directed open end disposed adjacent the upper end of said support structure; means for supplying a bubble-forming liquid to the interior of said cup member and including a storage receptacle; a fan disposed below said cup member and positioned to direct an air stream upwardly through said conduit and around said cup member; driving means for said fan; a pump operatively associated with said driving means; a conduit member extending from said pump to said cup member for supplying air from said pump to the interior of said cup member, said conduit member being provided with a portion having a flexibly deformable side wall; a damper member pivotallly secured to said support structure and biased to a position extending across said upwardly directed conduit in position to close said conduit against such upwardly directed air stream and having an engaging portion adapted to engage said side wall of said conduit member to interrupt supply of air to said cup member upon pivotal movement of said damper member to a position opening said upwardly directed conduit; and an actuating member for moving said damper to said lower position.

6. A bubble-forming device which comprises: a support structure: a bubble-forming cup member having an upwardly directed open end disposed adjacent the upper end of said support structure; means for supplying bubble-forming liquid to the interior of said cup member at a given level therein; conduit means for supplying air to the interior of said cup member at a position below said given level; air-directing means positioned below said cup member for directing an air blast upwardly about said cup member; and air supply means for supply of air to said conduit means and said air-directing means, and including valve means movable between a position shutting off said conduit and a position shutting oiT said air-directing means whereby air may successively be supplied to the interior or exterior of said cup member.

7. A bubble-forming device which comprises: a support structure; a bubble-forming cup member having an upwardly directed open end disposed adjacent the upper end of said support structure; means for supplying a bubble-forming liquid to the interior of said cup member and including a storage receptacle; a source of air under pressure; an air directing member disposed below said cup member and associated with said source, said member being positioned to direct a strea of air supplied by said source upwardly about the exterior of said cup member; an air supply conduit for supplying air to the interior of said cup member; and valve means associated with said air directing member, said source, and said supply conduit, said valve means being movable between a position shutting off said air-directing means and a position shutting off said supply conduit whereby air may alternatively be supplied -to the interior or exterior of said cup member.

8. The device set forth in claim '7, said air-directing member comprising a tubular element provided with a cooperating damper to define

US2225702A 1940-04-17 1940-04-17 Bubble-forming device Expired - Lifetime US2225702A (en)

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2553388A (en) * 1946-03-15 1951-05-15 Albert M Steiner Bubble forming and propelling device
US3065797A (en) * 1959-11-02 1962-11-27 Robert W Barnes Fire fighting foam generator
US3971157A (en) * 1975-11-03 1976-07-27 Gillis Robert E Bubble machine with protective transparent dome
US4248436A (en) * 1979-08-21 1981-02-03 Corrigan Malcolm J Bubble target amusement device
US4556392A (en) * 1984-07-24 1985-12-03 Chang Nelson S Bubbling self-propelled toy
US5381779A (en) * 1993-09-16 1995-01-17 Shelton; Allen E. Balloon thruster
US6015327A (en) * 1998-09-29 2000-01-18 Kovacs; Ernest David Wind powered bubble making device
US6659830B2 (en) * 1998-12-08 2003-12-09 Arko Development Limited Bubble generating assembly
US20040065754A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2004-04-08 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble generating assembly
US20040082253A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2004-04-29 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble generating assembly
US20040176011A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2004-09-09 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble generating assembly
US20050221714A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2005-10-06 Arko Development Limited Bubble generating assembly
US20050227571A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2005-10-13 Douglas Thai Apparatus and method for delivering bubble solution to a dipping container
US20060052027A1 (en) * 2004-09-08 2006-03-09 Douglas Thai Bubble machine
US20060141895A1 (en) * 2000-01-03 2006-06-29 Arko Development Limited Bubble generating assemblies
US20060228978A1 (en) * 2002-06-05 2006-10-12 Arko Development Limited Bubble generating assembly
US7144291B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2006-12-05 Arko Development Limited Bubble machine
US20070037467A1 (en) * 2005-08-10 2007-02-15 Douglas Thai Bubble generating assembly
US20070270073A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2007-11-22 Douglas Thai Bubble generating assembly
US20090149107A1 (en) * 2007-12-10 2009-06-11 Douglas Thai Bubble generating assembly
US20090163109A1 (en) * 2002-09-20 2009-06-25 Douglas Thai Bubble generating assembly that produces vertical bubbles
US7914359B2 (en) 2002-03-15 2011-03-29 Arko Development Limited Bubble generating assembly
US8267736B2 (en) 2010-05-21 2012-09-18 Placo Bubbles Limited Animal bubble assembly
US8272915B2 (en) 2008-02-15 2012-09-25 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble generating assembly that produces vertical bubbles
US20150133021A1 (en) * 2013-11-08 2015-05-14 Honor Metro Limited Bubble generating apparatus

Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2553388A (en) * 1946-03-15 1951-05-15 Albert M Steiner Bubble forming and propelling device
US3065797A (en) * 1959-11-02 1962-11-27 Robert W Barnes Fire fighting foam generator
US3971157A (en) * 1975-11-03 1976-07-27 Gillis Robert E Bubble machine with protective transparent dome
US4248436A (en) * 1979-08-21 1981-02-03 Corrigan Malcolm J Bubble target amusement device
US4556392A (en) * 1984-07-24 1985-12-03 Chang Nelson S Bubbling self-propelled toy
US5381779A (en) * 1993-09-16 1995-01-17 Shelton; Allen E. Balloon thruster
US6015327A (en) * 1998-09-29 2000-01-18 Kovacs; Ernest David Wind powered bubble making device
US6659830B2 (en) * 1998-12-08 2003-12-09 Arko Development Limited Bubble generating assembly
US7883390B2 (en) 1998-12-08 2011-02-08 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble generating assembly
US20060141895A1 (en) * 2000-01-03 2006-06-29 Arko Development Limited Bubble generating assemblies
US7476139B2 (en) 2000-01-03 2009-01-13 Arko Development Limited Bubble generating assemblies
US20070270073A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2007-11-22 Douglas Thai Bubble generating assembly
US20050227571A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2005-10-13 Douglas Thai Apparatus and method for delivering bubble solution to a dipping container
US6969293B2 (en) 2002-03-15 2005-11-29 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble generating assembly
US20050282461A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2005-12-22 Douglas Thai Bubble generating assembly
US6988926B2 (en) 2002-03-15 2006-01-24 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble generating assembly
US8123584B2 (en) 2002-03-15 2012-02-28 Arko Development Limited Bubble generating assembly
US20050221714A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2005-10-06 Arko Development Limited Bubble generating assembly
US7914359B2 (en) 2002-03-15 2011-03-29 Arko Development Limited Bubble generating assembly
US20040176011A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2004-09-09 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble generating assembly
US20040082253A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2004-04-29 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble generating assembly
US7390236B2 (en) 2002-03-15 2008-06-24 Arko Development Limited Apparatus and method for delivering bubble solution to a dipping container
US20040065754A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2004-04-08 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble generating assembly
US7223149B2 (en) 2002-03-15 2007-05-29 Arko Development Ltd. (Hk) Bubble generating assembly
US20070275630A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2007-11-29 Arco Development Ltd. Bubble generating assembly
US20070218798A1 (en) * 2002-03-15 2007-09-20 Arko Development Limited Bubble generating assembly
US7182665B2 (en) 2002-03-15 2007-02-27 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble generating assembly
US7758397B2 (en) 2002-03-15 2010-07-20 Arko Development Limited Apparatus and method for delivering bubble solution to a dipping container
US7367861B2 (en) 2002-06-05 2008-05-06 Arko Development Limited Bubble generating assembly
US20060228978A1 (en) * 2002-06-05 2006-10-12 Arko Development Limited Bubble generating assembly
US8272916B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2012-09-25 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble generating assembly that produces vertical bubbles
US20090163109A1 (en) * 2002-09-20 2009-06-25 Douglas Thai Bubble generating assembly that produces vertical bubbles
US7172484B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2007-02-06 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble machine
US20060052027A1 (en) * 2004-09-08 2006-03-09 Douglas Thai Bubble machine
US7780497B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2010-08-24 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble machine
US7144291B2 (en) 2004-09-08 2006-12-05 Arko Development Limited Bubble machine
US20070128968A1 (en) * 2004-09-08 2007-06-07 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble machine
US20070037467A1 (en) * 2005-08-10 2007-02-15 Douglas Thai Bubble generating assembly
US20090149107A1 (en) * 2007-12-10 2009-06-11 Douglas Thai Bubble generating assembly
US8038500B2 (en) 2007-12-10 2011-10-18 Arko Development Limited Bubble generating assembly
US8272915B2 (en) 2008-02-15 2012-09-25 Arko Development Ltd. Bubble generating assembly that produces vertical bubbles
US8267736B2 (en) 2010-05-21 2012-09-18 Placo Bubbles Limited Animal bubble assembly
US9884262B2 (en) * 2013-11-08 2018-02-06 Honor Metro Limited Bubble generating apparatus
US20150133021A1 (en) * 2013-11-08 2015-05-14 Honor Metro Limited Bubble generating apparatus

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