US2207433A - Means for sharpening a circular knife - Google Patents

Means for sharpening a circular knife Download PDF

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Publication number
US2207433A
US2207433A US195696A US19569638A US2207433A US 2207433 A US2207433 A US 2207433A US 195696 A US195696 A US 195696A US 19569638 A US19569638 A US 19569638A US 2207433 A US2207433 A US 2207433A
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Prior art keywords
blade
knife
grinding
rotation
circular knife
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US195696A
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Henry L Haswell
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HARRY H STRAUS
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HARRY H STRAUS
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B3/00Sharpening cutting edges, e.g. of tools; Accessories therefor, e.g. for holding the tools
    • B24B3/36Sharpening cutting edges, e.g. of tools; Accessories therefor, e.g. for holding the tools of cutting blades
    • B24B3/46Sharpening cutting edges, e.g. of tools; Accessories therefor, e.g. for holding the tools of cutting blades of disc blades
    • B24B3/463Sharpening cutting edges, e.g. of tools; Accessories therefor, e.g. for holding the tools of cutting blades of disc blades of slicing machine disc blades
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T83/00Cutting
    • Y10T83/303With tool sharpener or smoother

Description

July 9, 1940. H. LLHASWELL 2,207,433
MEANS FOR SHARPENING A CIRCULAR KNIFE Filed March 14, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR July 9, 1940. H. L. HASWELL 2,207,433
MEANS FOR SHARPENING A CIRCULAR KNIFE Filed March 14, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR Henry L Ha ell die,
H I5 ATTORNEY Patented July 9, 1940 iiNi'iE STES MEANS FOR SHARPENING A CIRCULAR,
KNIFE Application March 14,
2 Claims.
This invention relates to mechanism for sharpening a circular knife, particularly while the knife is in the course of an actual cutting operation.
Circular knives are employed in industry for 5" cutting'a variety of materials. Many of the materials require constant maintenance of an exceptionally keen edge on the knife during the entire cutting operation. When the operation is of extended duration, as in thecutting of a continuous length of material from a block of the material, maintenance of the knife edge at the required degree of keenness for efficiency of cut is a dii'ficult problem. I
In the latter instance, if the block of material operated upon is rubber, as is the case in the disclosures of United States Patents Nos. 2,064,508, 2,121,062, granted December 15, 1936, and June 21, 1938, respectively, to Enrique Vincke, an especially difiicult cutting problem is presented. An extremely thin continuous rubber strip must be cut with micrometric nicety and without flutes from the circumferential surface of a rotating disk of rubber. .Since rubber isa particularly diiiicult material to out under any circumstances, it follows that special attention must be accorded the factor of knife sharpening.
The present invention has, therefore, as a primary object, the provision of and means for sharpening a circular knife continuously during its cutting operation in such manner that a super-keenness of knife cutting edge will be constantly maintained.
An outstanding feature of the invention is the operative relationship of the planes and axes of rotation of the circular knife and of a circumferential grinding surface, which is made to rotate against a circumferential blade surface of the knife, while holding the axis of rotation of the grinding surface fixed relative to the knife.
The planes of rotation of the circular knife and of the circumferential grinding surface are perpendicularly related to their respective axes of rotation, and the latter are so disposed with respect to each other that one deviates at but a small angle, if at all, from a single plane passed through the other parallel with its extension. This insures grinding along the circumferential blade surface of the knife, or at only a small angle thereto, thus precluding or greatly minimizing knife vibration. I
In addition, provision is made for honing the other blade surface of the knife to remove the wire edge raised in the grinding operation. To prevent scoring of the particular bladesurface concerned, and for achieving enhanced smooth- 1938, Serial 'No. 195,595
ness of the ground surface, it is advantageous that the circumferential grinding surface be made to oscillate along its axis of rotation during the grinding operation. i
While the invention has been perfected and is here set forth primarilyfor use in connection with the production of rubber threads as :de-,
scribed in the above referred to U. S. patents, its adaptation to the cutting of materials other than rubber is contemplated.
Further features and objects of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description. Y i
In the drawings: Y i
Fig. 1 represents a top plan view of a circular knife together with sharpening mechanism pursuant to one embodiment of this invention, arranged for a continuous cutting operation.
Fig. 2 represents a-front elevation of-the structure of Fig. '1.
Fig. 3 represents an enlarged fragmentary view, partly in. vertical section taken on the line 3-4, Fig. 1. 1
Referring to the drawings: The invention is illustrated as applied to a machine for cutting a continuous strip from a rotating-disk of material. Only that structure of the machine per se which is sufficient to indicate the relationships important in the practice of the present method, is illustrated. The machine as awhole may take the form of that illustrated and described in the U. s. Patent No. 2,121,062 of Enrique Vincke,
In the present illustration, a circular knife 10 is secured on a shaft I! for rotation therewith relative to a disk of cuttable material I2, which in turn, is secured to a shaft'li for rotation therewith. The disk I2 is suitably mounted for rotation and for progressive approximately tangential feed of its circumferential surface into the cutting plane of circular knife Hi. It is to be understood that the respective rotations. of the circular knife 80 and of the disk l2, and the progressive feed of disk [2 into the cutting Zone of circular knife l0 aresuitably correlated to effect the cuttingof a thin continuous strip of material from the circumferential surface of the disk 12. I
In the cases of the disclosures of the afore mentioned U. S. Patents Nos. 2,064,508 and 2,121,062, the disk IZ'is made up of rubber and the continuous strip cut therefrom is extremely thin, and, for practical purposes, must be. without flutes and other irregularities. According 1y, to derive full advantage from the method and cutting edge of the circular knife be maintained in a constant state of super-keenness.
Asillustrated, the particular type of circular knife preferably, but not necessarily employed has a plane surface 10a. and a circumferential blade surface lllb which intersects the plane surface lfla at an acute angle to provide the cutting edge lOc of the knife. Thus the cutting edge of the circular knife is defined by the circumferential blade surface [0b and the circumferential margin of plane surface Illa, the latter itself forming one blade surface of the knife.
Sharpening means are associated with the circular knife for continuous operation on the blade surfaces thereof during the cutting operation. The sharpening means may comprise a grinding mechanism, indicated generally at l4, and a hone mechanism indicated generally at Ii.
The grinding mechanism l4 provides a circumferential grinding surface adapted for rotation against the circumferential blade surface "lb of the knife, and advantageously comprises a grinding wheel 16 rigidly mounted on a shaft l1 for rotation therewith. Shaft H is journaled along the greater part of its length in a sleeve I8 provided with a supporting foot IBa which is mounted for reciprocation in slideway l9a of a supporting frame 19, the latter being, in turn, mounted'on a supporting table 20 for adjustment in two dimensions relative to the circular knife 10. Shaft I I is connected to a motor, indicted diagrammatically at 2|, for rotation thereby.
The grinding wheel I6 is desirably of right cylinder formation having a circumferential grinding surface I60, of a width approximating, and advantageously slightly greater than, the Width of the circumferential blade surface lb of the circular knife; thus substantial uniformity of wear of the circumferential grinding surface 160., and complete grinding coverage of the blade surface are assured.
It is to be noted that the shaft II on which the circular knife It] is mounted, is perpendicularly related to the plane of rotation of the circular knife, and that the shaft I! on which grinding wheel I6 is mounted, is perpendicularly related to the plane of rotation of the grinding wheel. Thus, the plane of rotation of circumferential blade surface Illb of the circular knife is perpendicularly related to its axis of rotation, and the plane of rotation of circumferential grinding surface l6a is perpendicularly related to its axis of rotation. The shaft H, i. e., the axis of rotation of circumferential blade surface Hlb, is, as illustrated, so disposed relative to the shaft I1, i. e., the axis of rotation of circumferential grinding surface 160,, that a single plane may be passed through both of the stated shafts, i. e., axes of rotation, parallel with the lengths thereof. Advantageously, the plane of rotation of grinding surface [6a is made to oscillate along its axis of rotation, i. e., the shaft I1, for preventing scoring of the blade surface lb and for achieving smoothness of grind.
While it is usually preferred that the axis of rotation of the circular'knife and the axis of rotation of the grinding surface be exactly so disposed with respect to each other that a single plane may be passed through both parallel with the lengths thereof, and while the illustrated embodiment discloses such relationship, it is contemplated that-the axis of one might be set at an angle-desirably only a slight angle say 10 degrees or thereabouts, but in no case greater 2,207,433 l if than 45 degrees-to a plane passed through the other parallel with its extension.
Where there is a definite though small angular relationship, as above explained, provision for oscillating the grinding surface across the blade surface of the knife may be dispensed with, since scoring of the blade surface will be substantially precluded by the slight cross-grind. It is to be noted that the degree of angular relationship must be determined for the particular case, since certain assemblies will withstand the tendency of the cross-grind to produce knife vibration better than other assemblies. Therefore, within the limits set forth the most advantageous disposition of the stated axes with respect to each other must be determined by the machine and knife construction, the type of material to be cut, and the degree of thinness of cut desired.
For accomplishing oscillation of grinding surface lGa transversely of blade surface IOb, the supporting foot l8a of sleeve I8 may be rigidly mounted on a carriage 22 for sliding reciprocation within the confines of slideway bed [9a.
Supporting frame I9 is configurated to provide the slideway bed [9a between limitingend members 19b and I90. Carriage 22 fits into the slideway for sliding reciprocation between the respective end members. Desirably centrally located in the end member [9b, and extending therethrough, is a threaded plug 23 having a recess 24, whose end opens into the slideway. A recess 25 is coordinatingly located in the upper end of carriage 22. A coil spring 26 is positioned between carriage 22 and end member IS!) with one end in recess 24 and one end in recess 25. The tension in coil spring 26 normally urges carriage 22 toward end member I of the supporting frame.
Formed desirably centrally in end member I90 is an open-ended cylinder 21, into which fits a piston 28 having a head 28a and a rod 28b, the free end of the rod being secured in a suitably placed bore 29 in the lower end of carriage 22. The piston 28 is adapted for upward actuation within cylinder 21 by the pressure of oil or other suitable fluid medium supplied to the cylinder through a conduit 30, the latter being secured in a cylinder head 3| threaded to the cylinder 21. Pressure impulses at suitably timed intervals are transmitted to the piston head 28a through the medium of the fluid in conduit 30, the pressure impulses being initiated by suitable means such as the motor driven piston-cylinder apparatus indicated generally'at 3|. For obtaining tightness precluding fluid fiow'past piston head 28a in cylinder 21, a cup leather 32 may be employed.
Fluid pressure impulses suitably timed by the piston-cylinder apparatus 3!, and restoring pressure impulses effected by spring 26 accomplish reciprocation of carriage 22 within its slideway bed 19a, and thus oscillation of the plane of rotation of grinding surface I6a along its axis of rotation.
For attaining proper angular placement of grinding surface 16a relative to circumferential blade surface I llb of the circular knife, the grinding mechanism is preferably mounted for si multaneous two-dimensional adjustability in a single plane. Supporting frame [9 is eccentrical- 1y hinged on its supporting table 20,"for pivotal movement in a single plane, through the medium of extending ears l9d, l M which are journaled on an eccentric crank portion of a shaft 33, the shaft proper extending between and being journaled in upstanding supporting ears 20a, 20a, of table 2|].
A slide 34, mounted for sliding reciprocation on a slideway bed 201) provided on table 20 and extending between the upstanding supporting ears 29a, 283a, has an upstanding boss 34a articulatively connected to an end of frame is, which is remote from its location of hinge. The articulate connection is advantageously had by means of a slotted link 35 pivoted at one end to the i3 and adjustably secured at its other end to boss 34a. by the nutted bolt 36 received in the link slot.
Manual adjustability is afforded by a crank 31 having a shank 31a. threaded between an upstanding post 38, which is rigidly secured to table Eli, and boss 34a of slide 34.
Rotation of crank 31 will effect raising or lowcring of grinding surface [6a into or out of contact with knife blade surface [0b in the correct angular relationship.
The exact nature of the eccentricity of shaft 33 relative to the journaled ears l9d, I9d may be controlled by manually rotating the shaft slightly one direction or the other. A knurled thumbscrew 33-l, Fig. 1, is provided for the purpose.
The supporting table 20 may be adjustably mounted on a base 39, preferably supported independently of the cutting machine.
In the operation of the grinding mechanism relative to its particular blade surface of the circular knife, it is desirable that the grinding surface rotate against the direction of rotation of the circular knife.
The sharpening operation of circular knife II! is completed by honing knife blade surface Illa, for removing the wire-edge raised by the grinding of knife blade surface I011. This may be accomplished by the use of honing mechanism as indicated generally at 15.
A motor 40 is mounted in a bracket 4| extending from a slide 42 mounted for vertical adjustment in the guide frame 43. An extension 44 of the rotor shaft of the motor depends above the blade surface Illa of the circular knife, and has secured thereto a hone wheel 45. When proper disposition of the hone wheel against knife blade surface Illa has been accomplished by adjustment of manually operable crank 46 for control of vertical reciprocation of slide 42 within its guideway frame, rotation of the rotor shaft of motor 40 accomplishes rotation of the honing surface of hone wheel against blade surface Illa.
Guideway 43 may be adjustably mounted on the base 39 as for instance, by screws 41 cooperating with slots 48.
A wiper 50, preferably of resilient material such as rubber, may be mounted adjacent the blade surface margins of the upper plane surface of the circular knife for removing lubricant and debris incident to the sharpening operation,
Whereas this invention has been illustrated and described by reference to specific forms thereof, it will be understood that many changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention as set forth herein and in the claims that follow.
I claim:
1. Adjustable grinding mechanism for a cutting blade mounted for substantially continuous cutting movement, the cutting blade having a blade surface inclined toward the cutting edge thereof, which comprises a grinding wheel mounted for rotation relative to said blade surface in such manner that the circumferential contact surface thereof extends substantially longitudinally with said blade surface, rigid supporting means independent of the mounting of said cutting blade, a supporting frame eccentrically pivoted adjacent one of its ends to said supporting means, the pivotal means being adjustable for varying the degree of eccentricity thereof, and said grinding Wheel being mounted on said supporting frame, carriage means mounted on said supporting means for movement transverse to the oscillating axis of said pivotal means, means articulativelyconnecting said supporting frame with said carriage means whereby movementof said carriage means eifects a two dimensional adjustment of said grinding wheel relative to said blade surface, and motive means for driving said grinding wheel.
2. Adjustable grinding mechanism, for a cutting blade mounted for substantially continuous cutting movement, the cutting blade having a blade surface inclined toward the cutting edge thereof, which comprises a grinding wheel mounted for rotation relative to said blade surface in such manner that the circumferential contact surface thereof extends substantially longitudinally with said bladesurface, rigid supporting means independent of the mounting of said cutting blade, a shaft rotatably mounted on said supporting means, said shaft having an eccentric portion, a supporting frame journaled adjacent one end on said eccentric portion of the shaft and carrying the said grinding wheel and its mounting, a slideway formed on said supporting means, a slide mounted for sliding movement back and forth in said slideway, a link articulatively connecting said slide with said supporting frame at a location remote from said end thereof, means for rotating said shaft, means for moving said slide, and motive means for driving said grinding wheel.
HENRY L. HASWELL.
, thus assuring a fresh clean blade surface for entry into the sharpening zone.
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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2447617A (en) * 1942-08-15 1948-08-24 American Viscose Corp Rotary cutter
US2507079A (en) * 1946-06-19 1950-05-09 Charles H Zimmerman Abrading mechanism
US2514804A (en) * 1946-12-07 1950-07-11 Arthur G Settel Machine for cutting fur-bearing skins
US2879633A (en) * 1956-12-04 1959-03-31 Gilbertville Woven Label Corp Sharpening device for cutting wheel
US2911857A (en) * 1956-06-06 1959-11-10 Wilson & Co Inc Honing device for slicing blade
US2933865A (en) * 1957-10-18 1960-04-26 Allbright Nell Co Knife sharpening apparatus for rotary knives having involute contours
US3213731A (en) * 1964-08-04 1965-10-26 John J Renard Paper log cutting apparatus
US3498002A (en) * 1967-06-26 1970-03-03 Domtar Ltd Knife grinder
US3685393A (en) * 1970-04-15 1972-08-22 Hammond Machinery Builders Inc Device for smoothing irregularities
US3747276A (en) * 1971-05-07 1973-07-24 Christensen Diamond Prod Co Method and apparatus for contouring and sharpening circular saws
US4663891A (en) * 1980-12-24 1987-05-12 Kalinigradsky Technical Institute Of Fish Industry And Economy Method of machining a workpiece with an edge-type rotary cutting tool
US5241886A (en) * 1991-01-17 1993-09-07 Philip Morris Incorporated Apparatus and methods for cutting rods into lengths for cigarette makers
US5327686A (en) * 1991-04-24 1994-07-12 Kyung Park Chamfering width maintaining and glass plate shape sensing apparatus for use in a glass plate chamfering machine
US20090038458A1 (en) * 2005-05-27 2009-02-12 Fabio Perini S.P.A. Cutting machine to cut rolls or logs of web material and relative method
US20110107894A1 (en) * 2008-05-30 2011-05-12 Mitsuboshi Diamond Industrial Co., Ltd Brittle Material Substrate Chamfering Method
US20120309266A1 (en) * 2011-06-06 2012-12-06 Weber Maschinenbau Gmbh Breidenbach Apparatus and method for grinding rotary blades
CN105598512A (en) * 2016-02-22 2016-05-25 东莞市胜创光电科技有限公司 Angle repairing clamp and method for circular-ring-shaped V-groove blade

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2447617A (en) * 1942-08-15 1948-08-24 American Viscose Corp Rotary cutter
US2507079A (en) * 1946-06-19 1950-05-09 Charles H Zimmerman Abrading mechanism
US2514804A (en) * 1946-12-07 1950-07-11 Arthur G Settel Machine for cutting fur-bearing skins
US2911857A (en) * 1956-06-06 1959-11-10 Wilson & Co Inc Honing device for slicing blade
US2879633A (en) * 1956-12-04 1959-03-31 Gilbertville Woven Label Corp Sharpening device for cutting wheel
US2933865A (en) * 1957-10-18 1960-04-26 Allbright Nell Co Knife sharpening apparatus for rotary knives having involute contours
US3213731A (en) * 1964-08-04 1965-10-26 John J Renard Paper log cutting apparatus
US3498002A (en) * 1967-06-26 1970-03-03 Domtar Ltd Knife grinder
US3685393A (en) * 1970-04-15 1972-08-22 Hammond Machinery Builders Inc Device for smoothing irregularities
US3747276A (en) * 1971-05-07 1973-07-24 Christensen Diamond Prod Co Method and apparatus for contouring and sharpening circular saws
US4663891A (en) * 1980-12-24 1987-05-12 Kalinigradsky Technical Institute Of Fish Industry And Economy Method of machining a workpiece with an edge-type rotary cutting tool
US5241886A (en) * 1991-01-17 1993-09-07 Philip Morris Incorporated Apparatus and methods for cutting rods into lengths for cigarette makers
US5327686A (en) * 1991-04-24 1994-07-12 Kyung Park Chamfering width maintaining and glass plate shape sensing apparatus for use in a glass plate chamfering machine
US20090038458A1 (en) * 2005-05-27 2009-02-12 Fabio Perini S.P.A. Cutting machine to cut rolls or logs of web material and relative method
US8037794B2 (en) * 2005-05-27 2011-10-18 Fabio Perini S.P.A. Cutting machine to cut rolls or logs of web material and relative method
US20110107894A1 (en) * 2008-05-30 2011-05-12 Mitsuboshi Diamond Industrial Co., Ltd Brittle Material Substrate Chamfering Method
US20120309266A1 (en) * 2011-06-06 2012-12-06 Weber Maschinenbau Gmbh Breidenbach Apparatus and method for grinding rotary blades
US9393662B2 (en) * 2011-06-06 2016-07-19 Weber Maschinenbau Gmbh Breidenbach Apparatus and method for grinding rotary blades
CN105598512A (en) * 2016-02-22 2016-05-25 东莞市胜创光电科技有限公司 Angle repairing clamp and method for circular-ring-shaped V-groove blade
CN105598512B (en) * 2016-02-22 2017-11-03 东莞市胜创光电科技有限公司 The V slot blades angle of annular repairs fixture and the method for repairing blade angle

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