US2202677A - Marionette - Google Patents

Marionette Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2202677A
US2202677A US271637A US27163739A US2202677A US 2202677 A US2202677 A US 2202677A US 271637 A US271637 A US 271637A US 27163739 A US27163739 A US 27163739A US 2202677 A US2202677 A US 2202677A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
head
eyes
marionette
torso
lever
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US271637A
Inventor
Usinskis Stasys
Original Assignee
Usinskis Stasys
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Usinskis Stasys filed Critical Usinskis Stasys
Priority to US271637A priority Critical patent/US2202677A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2202677A publication Critical patent/US2202677A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H3/00Dolls
    • A63H3/36Details; Accessories
    • A63H3/46Connections for limbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63HTOYS, e.g. TOPS, DOLLS, HOOPS OR BUILDING BLOCKS
    • A63H3/00Dolls
    • A63H3/18Jumping jacks

Description

USlNS 5 MARIONETTE May 1940.

Filed y 4, 1939 3 heets-s 1 VVVVVVVVVW INV -2): (fans/ BY ATTORNEY S. USINSKIS MARIONETTE ,3 Sheets-Shet 2 Filed May 4, 1939 .-w 3. H T. N 3 .w vU T N T y M 5m 23, 4 s. usmsxls 2 2,202,677

MARIONETTE Filed May 4, 1939 3 Sheets-Sheet :s

I INVENTOR Sidsys (Isms/m ATTORN EY meme '28, m" 23025 71 U ITED STATES PATENT orsion smy s'wm fi fi mu m 3 Claims, (Cl. 46l26) 271,637

This'invention relates to new and useful im- Fig. 10 is a plan view of the. lower lip. provements in marionettes. Fig. 11 is a perspective view'oi the eyelid.

The invention has for an object the construc- Fig. 12 is a side view the eyelid. 4 tion of a marionette consisting of a body having. Fig. 13 is aside view oi the head showing one a movable head, a torso constructed of separate 0! the adjusted positions or the parts. 5 sections, and movable legs and arms. Fig. 14 is a view similar to Fig. 13 illustrating Still further it is proposed to provide springs another position of the parts. between the separate parts forming said body Fig. 15 is still another view similar to Fig. 13 in a manner to permit said parts to be turned and and illustrating another position of the parts.

' 1o pivoted to various desired positions to simulate Fig. 16 is another view similar to Fig. 13 illusthe movements of the human body. trating a still further position 01' the parts.'

Still further it is proposed to provide the head The marionette, according to this invention, inwith a movable lower jaw controlled by strings cludesa body having a head Ill and a torso II and provided with a-spring adapted to urge the consisting of an upper section ll': and a bottom 16 lower jaw into a normal closed position. section II". .A spring 12 is mounted upon the Still further it is proposed to provide movable upper torso section II forming the neck and eyes for the head which are urged into a normal pivotaliy connects the head with the torso. position by means of springs and which have Springs I3 are mounted between the upper torso strings connected therewith in a manner to persection II and the bottom torso section ll for go mit the eyes to be moved to various desired posipermitting the torson sections to assume various 20 tions within the sockets formed in the head. pivoted positions. with relation to each other. Still further it is proposed to provide a pair Springs I extend from the sides of the upper of lips pivotally mounted upon'the head and torso section II and form the shoulders and provided with springs for urging the same into upper arm portions of the marionette. Members a normal position and having strings connected l5 are mounted on the ends of the springs l4 and 25 therewith in a manner to permit the lips to be form the lower arms for the marionette. Springs moved. l6 are mounted upon the members l5 and form Another object of the invention is to provide the wrists oi the device. the eyes of the head with eyelid members which Amember I1 is connected to each of the springs are adapted to be moved through the medium of IS and forms the palm of the hand, and plu- 30 the strings connected therewith. rality of springs I! extend from the mg mbers For further comprehension of the invention, l1 forming the fingers and are provided with and of the objects and advantages thereof, referfinger tips l9. Each of the arms is similar in ence will be had to the following description and construction. accompanying'drawings, and to the appended Members 20 form the upper legs of the mari- 35 claims in which the various novel features of the onette and are provided with sockets 20 within invention are more particularly set forth. which balls 2| are adapted to nestle for forming In the accompanying drawing forming a matethe connections between the lower torso section rial part of this disclosure:- II and the legs. The balls 2| are maintained in 40 Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a marionette position within the sockets 20 by means of straps 40 constructed according to this invention. 22 which extend between the balls 2| and the Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of Fig, 1. upper ends of the members 20.

Fig. 3 is a sectional perspective view of the A means is provided for connecting the balls head, per se. 20 to the lower section ll of the torso I i for per- Fig. 4 is an elevational view of Fig. 3. mitting the legs to be moved to various pivoted 45 Fig. 5 is a horizontal sectional view of one of positions with relation to the torso. This means the eyes, per se. comprises a spring 23 extending through the balls Fig. 6 is a side view illustrating another of the 21 and which have their ends 23 bent upwards pivoted positions of the eyes. and passed through Li-shaped clips 24 mounted Fig. 7 is aside elevational view illustrating upon the lower torso section II. The ends of the 50 another pivoted position of the eyes. springs 23 are securely attached to the lower Fig. 8 is a perspective view of a head contorso section H at a point above the clips 24. structed according to a modification of the inven- Springs 25 continue from the bottom end or tion. I the members 20 and have the upper ends of the II Fig. 9 is a plan view of the upper lip. leg sections 2! connected therewith. A means is provided for limiting the pivoting oi the leg sec tion: 26 to a front and rearward movement only. This means comprises a flexible member {21 which has its upper ends securely attached to the members 20 andwhich extend downwards along the sides of the leg sections 21. The bottom ends vof the flange members are slidably passed through U-shaped members 28 mounted on the sides of the leg sections 26. The free ends of the flexible members 21 are bent outwards as indicated by the reference numeral 21*.to prevent their disengagement trom the U-shaped members 28. Springs 23 are connected tothe lower ends of the leg sections 23 and comprise the angles of the marionette, and have the feet 30 connected thereto. At various points throughout the body of the marionette there is provided a plurality of screws 38 to which strings are adapted to be attached !or permitting the sections of the body to be flexed as desired to simulate the movements of the human body. The operation of this marionette is somewhat similar to the marionettes generally used today, that is the movements thereof are controlled by pulling the strings to cause the sections of the body to move in one direction, and by pulling other strings for causing the sections of the body to move in the other direction.

The details of the head are shown in Figs. 3 to 7 inclusive. As shown in these figures, the head consists of a hollow main section ill constructed of sheet metal and upon which a lower jaw lo is pivotally supported. The sections forming the head at the mouthare formed with inwardly-extending portions |ll which prevent one from looking into the interior thereof when the lower jaw Ill is moved to an open position with relation to the section 10. A means is provided for permitting the lower jaw ID to be moved to its open position and comprises a block 32 which has one of its ends securely attached to the main portion ill of the head and which extends downwards at an inclination thereto to a position adjacent the lower jaw m.

The bottom end of the member 32 is bifurcated and has a lever 33 pivotally supported upon a pintle 34 which extends between the arms of the bifurcated end. One end of the lever 33 bears against the inside face of the lower jaw Ifl and the other end has a string 35 connected thereto and which extends through the top wall of the head and is adapted to pull the lever 33 to open the lower jaw l0. A spring 36 has one of its ends attached to the lower jaw Ill and the other of its ends attached to the block 32 for urging the jaw lo into a normal closed position when no pressure is applied to the string 35.

, The head It is further provided with a pair of eyes which are operative in socket Hi formed in the head I 0. Each of the eyes comprises an eyeball 31 which engages its respective socket Hi A yoke 38 for each eyeball 31 is pivotally supported at its rear and has a pair of forwardly extending fingers 38 which engage opposite sides or the eyeball 31. A block 39 is mounted in back of the head l0 and has a finger 40 for each of the eyeballs extending therefrom. The yoke 33 is provided with a rearwardly extending trunnion 4| which turnably engages the finger 40. A pintle 42 is extended through each of the eyeballs 31.and each pintle has its ends turnably supported in the arms 38 of the yoke 38.

tion between the arms 38' on the yoke upon which the eyeball is supported.

aaoaerv A. lever 43 extends from each eyeball 31 to a posi-.

A stationary element 4| is mounted between the side walls of the head and parallel to the eyeballs 31. A string 43 has one of its ends attached to the lever 33 and the other of its ends extended downwards over. the stationary element at and .then passed through the top oi the head to be pulled for causing the .eyeball to be pivoted upwards. A string 46 has its end attached to the lever 63 and passed through the top of the head for being pulled to cause the eyeball to pivot downwards.

A means is also provided for causing. a rocking motion to be imparted to the eyeballs within the sockets it. This means comprises a member 61 which extends across the arms 38 of the yoke 38 and which has strings 48 connected thereto and passed through the top of the head in a manner to be successively pulled for causing the eyes to rock. A spring 49 for each of the eyeballs 31. has one of its ends connected to the eyeball and the other of its ends connected to the back of the head for urging the eyes into their normal position with 'relationto the sockets l0.

According to the modification of the invention shown in Figs. 8 to 16 inclusive, the construction of the marionette is similar to that previously described except for the construction 01' the head ill. The head l0 consists of a main section ill upon which an upper lip 50 and a lower lip 5| are pivotally supported. The ends of the lips 50 and 5| are provided with trunnions which are'pivotally supported in the head It. The top lip 50 is provided with a rearwardly extending lever 52 and the lower lip 5| is provided with a rearwardly extending lever -53. A spring 54 is connected to the lever 52 and a portion of-the head for urging the upper lip into a normal position. A similar spring 55 is connected to the lever 53 of the lower lip 5| for urging this lip into a normal position. A spring 53 is adapted to be attached to the lever 53 of the lower lip for causing the lower lip to be pivoted to various positions about the trunnions which pivotally support the same.

A string 51 is attached to the lever 52 of the upper lip 50 and passes downwards over a sta-' tionary element 58 and through the top or the head in a manner to be pulled for causing the upper lip 50 to be pivoted upwards. A string 53 is connected to the lever 52 of the upper lip 50 and extends through the top of the head It in a manner to be pulled for causing the lips ill and 5! to move downwards. I

The head 50' is also provided with eyelids 60 for covering the eyes ill" of the head Ill. The

eyelids are provided with outwardly extending trunnions GI which pivotally support the eyelids 60. A lever 62 extends rearwards from each of the eyelids 60 and has a string 63 connected therewith in a manner to cause the eyelid to be pivoted to a position in which it will urging the lid 60 into a position as shown on the righthandside of Fig. 8.

Figs. 13 to 16 show diiferent positions which the eyelids and lips may assume when certain of the strings connected with these parts are pulled.

while I have illustrated and described the preferred embodiments of my invention, it is to be understood that I do not limit myself to the pre-' cise constructions herein disclosed and the right is reserved to all changes and modifications coming within thescope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent is:

1. In a marionette, a hollow head having eye sockets, eyes engaging said sockets, a yoke for each eye pivotally supported at its rear and having a pair of forwardly projecting fingers engaging opposite sides of said eye, pintles engaging through the ends of said fingers and diametrically through said eyes for turnably supporting the eyes, a radial lever projecting from the back of each eye, a stationary element, strings connected with said levers and extending over said stationary element for pulling the eyes in one direction, other strings connected with said levers for pulling the eyes in the other direction, and strings for pivoting said yokes.

2. In a marionette, a, hollow head having eye sockets, eyes engaging said sockets, a yoke for each eye pivotally supported at its rear and having a pair of forwardly projecting fingers engaging opposite sides of said eye, pintles engaging through the ends said fingers and diametrically through said eyes for turnably supporting the eyes, a radial lever projecting from the back of each eye, a stationary element, strings connected with said levers and extending over said stationary element for pulling the eyes in one direction, other strings connected with said levers for pulling the eyes in the other direction, and strings for pivoting said yokes, and springs connected to said eyes and to a portion of said head for urging said eyes into their normal position.

3. In a marionette, a torso, a pair of legs, and means for connecting the bottom end of said torso to the top ends of said legs, comprising a spherical member engaging a socket formed in the upper end of each of said legs, straps having one of their ends attached to the top of said legs and the other of their ends attached to said spherical members for fixedly holding said spherical members in position in said sockets, said torso being rested on said spherical members, and means for pivotally connecting said torso to said spherical members, comprising a, U-shaped spring having its intermediate arm rotatively extended diametrically through said spherical members and its side arms securely attached to di- 25 ametricallyopposite sides of the bottom end of said torso.

STASYS USINSKIS.

US271637A 1939-05-04 1939-05-04 Marionette Expired - Lifetime US2202677A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US271637A US2202677A (en) 1939-05-04 1939-05-04 Marionette

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US271637A US2202677A (en) 1939-05-04 1939-05-04 Marionette

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2202677A true US2202677A (en) 1940-05-28

Family

ID=23036428

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US271637A Expired - Lifetime US2202677A (en) 1939-05-04 1939-05-04 Marionette

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2202677A (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2560481A (en) * 1946-11-12 1951-07-10 Rouse Calvin Animated bird toy
US2621443A (en) * 1950-01-09 1952-12-16 Artisan Novelty Company Walking doll
US2788609A (en) * 1950-01-23 1957-04-16 Hazelle Inc Marionette construction
US2798334A (en) * 1956-03-06 1957-07-09 Fay Schwartz Movable mouth figure
US3221442A (en) * 1963-04-18 1965-12-07 Anne G Estern Articulated doll
US3361310A (en) * 1963-08-19 1968-01-02 Alvin M. Ziegler Display mannequins
US4591345A (en) * 1984-12-14 1986-05-27 The Michael Kohner Corp. Confined animation figure toy
US4964832A (en) * 1989-07-27 1990-10-23 Charles Bickoff Modular puppet system
WO2004022189A2 (en) * 2002-09-03 2004-03-18 Emoff Michael J Doll with strechable head
US6840838B1 (en) * 2003-12-08 2005-01-11 Shelton L. Reid Doll assembly
WO2005113098A1 (en) * 2004-05-21 2005-12-01 Genie Toys Plc Toy
US20070264904A1 (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-11-15 David Sheltman Toy motorcycle
WO2012091578A1 (en) 2010-12-30 2012-07-05 Architop A marionette

Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2560481A (en) * 1946-11-12 1951-07-10 Rouse Calvin Animated bird toy
US2621443A (en) * 1950-01-09 1952-12-16 Artisan Novelty Company Walking doll
US2788609A (en) * 1950-01-23 1957-04-16 Hazelle Inc Marionette construction
US2798334A (en) * 1956-03-06 1957-07-09 Fay Schwartz Movable mouth figure
US3221442A (en) * 1963-04-18 1965-12-07 Anne G Estern Articulated doll
US3361310A (en) * 1963-08-19 1968-01-02 Alvin M. Ziegler Display mannequins
US4591345A (en) * 1984-12-14 1986-05-27 The Michael Kohner Corp. Confined animation figure toy
US4964832A (en) * 1989-07-27 1990-10-23 Charles Bickoff Modular puppet system
WO2004022189A2 (en) * 2002-09-03 2004-03-18 Emoff Michael J Doll with strechable head
WO2004022189A3 (en) * 2002-09-03 2004-06-10 Michael J Emoff Doll with strechable head
US6840838B1 (en) * 2003-12-08 2005-01-11 Shelton L. Reid Doll assembly
WO2005113098A1 (en) * 2004-05-21 2005-12-01 Genie Toys Plc Toy
US20070264904A1 (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-11-15 David Sheltman Toy motorcycle
WO2012091578A1 (en) 2010-12-30 2012-07-05 Architop A marionette

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3628282A (en) Articulated fashion doll
US2760303A (en) Articulated figure toy
US3093925A (en) Bubble making toy
US4795398A (en) Flower pot doll
US2663108A (en) Animated decoy and actuating means therefor
US3153871A (en) Bird toy
US4171132A (en) Infant walking trainer
US5378188A (en) Tendon and spring for toy actuation
US2675641A (en) Bubble emitting toy locomotive
US2134974A (en) Display form
US3226849A (en) Slipper and toy
US4040206A (en) Base and rotatably mounted doll with relatively movable part
US4402158A (en) Toy employing governor to control rate of movement of movable member
US4031657A (en) Action figure
US2421279A (en) Body with movable parts
US6352464B1 (en) Mechanism for animated character
US547553A (en) Arthur h
US2927400A (en) Animated figure
US3959919A (en) Animated objects such as dolls, figured personages and the like
US4356663A (en) Crying doll
BR0107396A (en) Skateboard and doll combination on skate board
US3053008A (en) Hugging doll
US3731426A (en) Shape-changing figure toy
US4294033A (en) Animated talking doll
US4867730A (en) Motor actuating mechanism for animated figures