US2197093A - Artificial foot - Google Patents

Artificial foot Download PDF

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Publication number
US2197093A
US2197093A US25179839A US2197093A US 2197093 A US2197093 A US 2197093A US 25179839 A US25179839 A US 25179839A US 2197093 A US2197093 A US 2197093A
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
body
foot
plate
portion
artificial
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Harry C Campbell
Original Assignee
George Edwards
John P Danks
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/50Prostheses not implantable in the body
    • A61F2/60Artificial legs or feet or parts thereof
    • A61F2/66Feet; Ankle joints
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/50Prostheses not implantable in the body
    • A61F2/60Artificial legs or feet or parts thereof
    • A61F2/602Artificial legs or feet or parts thereof with air cushions
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, E.G. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F2/00Filters implantable into blood vessels; Prostheses, i.e. artificial substitutes or replacements for parts of the body; Appliances for connecting them with the body; Devices providing patency to, or preventing collapsing of, tubular structures of the body, e.g. stents
    • A61F2/50Prostheses not implantable in the body
    • A61F2/60Artificial legs or feet or parts thereof
    • A61F2/66Feet; Ankle joints
    • A61F2002/6614Feet

Description

A ril 16, 1940. H. c. CAMPBELL ARTIFICIAL FOOT Filed Jan 19. 1939 jvwa/rwo'n Harry 6. Game?! v v Patented Apr. 16, 19 40 v ARTIFICIAL FOOT Harry C. Campbell, Youngstown, Ohio, assignor of forty-five per cent to George Edwards and fifteen per cent to John P. Danks, both of Youngstown, Ohio Application January 19, 1939, Serial No. 251,398

'7 Claims.

With the above and other objects in view aswill be hereinafter apparent, the invention consists ingeneral of :certain novel. details of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying, drawing and specifically claimed.

In the accompanying drawing likecharactersof reference indicate like parts in the several views, and:

cordance with this invention.

Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof, the view being partly in section to show certain featuresof the construction. v

Fig. 3 is adetailed section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1.

Fig.4 is a perspective View of the pneumatic cushion used herewith as shown when removed from the remainder of the device.

Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a certain metallic plate, and associated parts used in connection with this invention for stiffening the foot and preventing excess flexibility.

In the embodiment of the invention hereinv shown there is provided a body I which is preferably madeof elastic rubber and has a general shape conforming to the lower part of the human foot, the shape in plan being suited as to whether the foot is to be a right or left foot. This body has the usual toe portion I I, heel portion I2, and intermediate portion I3. The inner edge of the intermediate portion is shown at I4 and the outer edge thereof is shown at I3. The normal or medial line of the foot, indicated at I5--I5 passes through the center of the heel portion I2 and the center of the forward or toe portion II as clearly shown in Fig. 1'. Molded into thev upper part of the body Ill is a metallic plate I6 preferably of steel and this plate It is provided with a number of openings I! through which the material of the body Ill extends so that the plate is firmly Fig. l is a plan viewof a foot constructed in acanchored in the body III. This plate conforms generally to the portions I2 and I3 of the body but the rear end of the plate, indicated at IT, is curved on a smaller radius. than the heel portion I2 and thus is forwardly inset with respect to the rear face of such heel portion. Furthermore the plate I6 is provided with an inner edge I8 which conforms closely to the edge I4 of the body and is provided with an outer edge It which merges forwardly by a curved end 20 into the edge IS. The edge I9 is'inset from the edge I3. The plate I6 has adjacent the rear end thereof an upstand-' ing hollow boss 2I which projects above the upper face 22 of the body ID and is provided with opposed openings 23 whcre through extends a pin 24 by means of which the foot is attached flexibly to the upper part of the artificial limb. Projecting upwardly from the surface 22 of the foot is a forward, cushioning boss 25 and a rear cushioning boss 26 for engagement against the under surface of the upper section of the limb. The axes of the bosses 25 and 26 are alined with the axis of the hollow boss 2I Formed in'the body lll below the plate It is a U-shaped channel 21 opened at the heel andas at 28. In this channel is located a U-shaped pneumatic bag generallyindicated'at 29 and comprising'a pair of legs 30 which extend in parallel at equal distances from {the line I5 and are connected at the heel 'end by an arcuate portion 3 I. These legs form a relatively thin rubber bag separate from the body ID. The plate I6 has rearwardly of the boss 2| an opening 32 and the bag 29 carries a tube 33 which extends upwardly from the portion 3| through the body I0 and opening 32 to project above the surface 22 at which point it is provided with a valve closure 34 whereby the tube 33-may be connected to any suitable inflating means as desired.

It is to be understood that when the bag 29 is deflated it may be withdrawn through the opening 28 so that in the event of this bag leaking or wearing out a similar bag may be substituted.

With the. construction as thus set forth the bag 29 may be inflated to any desired degree and it will be notedthat the forward ends of the legs 30 project beyond the forward end of the plate I6 so that the forward ends of these legs lie well toward the foot portion II as will be noted from Fig. 2. The forward end of the plate. I6 is slight- 1y to the rear of the center of the ball portion of the body In while the forward ends of the legs 30 are somewhat forward of the center of such ball. It is also to be noted that when the bag 29 is inflated the rear portion thereof will firmly engage the heel portion of the shoe wherein the device is placed and thus prevent accidental withdrawal of the artificial foot from the shoe wherein it is placed.

In use it is found that the cushioned bag 29 permits a flexibility of the toe portion of the artificial foot very closely corresponding to that obtained from the natural foot. The cushioned bag 29 absorbs all shocks in Walking which would not be accommodated by the natural foot. Thus, when this foot is applied to the lower end of an artificial limb the wearer is enabled to have a walking movement corresponding with great precision to that obtainable in nature.

There has thus been provided a simple and efficient device of the kind described and for the purpose specified.

It is obvious that minor changes may be made in the form and construction of the invention without departing from the material spirit thereof. It is not, therefore, desired to confine the invention to the exact form herein shown and described, but it is desired to include all such as properly come within the scope claimed.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new, is:

1. An artificial foot including an elastic body having the conformation and dimensions of a human foot below the ankle joint, a rigid plate extending longitudinally of the body at the upper part thereof, and an inflatable cushioning element extending in said body between said plate and the lower surface of the body.

2. An artificial foot including an elastic body having the conformation and dimensions of a human foot below the ankle joint, a rigid plate extending longitudinally of the body at the upper part thereof, and an inflatable cushioning element extending in said body between said plate and the lower surface of the body, said inflatable element being of general U-shape and including a pair of hollow legs.

3. An artificial foot including an elastic body having the conformation and dimensions of a. human foot below the ankle joint, a rigid plateextending longitudinally'of the body at the upper part thereof, and an inflatable cushioning element extending in said body between said plate and the lower surface of the body, said body having an opening at its rear end through which said and thereby hold the artificial foot inflatable element may be inserted and withdrawn. v z

4. An artificialfoot including an. elastic body having the conformation and dimensions of a human foot below the ankle joint, a rigid plate extending longitudinally of the body at the upper part thereof, and an inflatable cushioning element extending in said bodybetween said plate and the lower surface of the body, said inflatable element being of general U-shape and including a pair of hollow legs, said body having an opening at its rear end through which said inflatable element may be inserted and withdrawn.

' 5. An artificial foot including an elastic body having the conformation and dimensions of a human foot below the ankle joint, a rigid plate extending longitudinally of the body at the upper part thereof, andv an inflatable cushioning element extending in said body between said plate and the lower surface of the body, said inflatable element being of general U-shape and including a pair of hollow legs, said body having an opening at its rear end through which said inflatable element may be inserted and withdrawn, said inflatable element having a filling tube extending upwardly therefrom above the upper surface of said body. a

'7. The combination of a shoe having a portion enclosing the toe part thereof and having a heel portion, with an artificial lower foot portion provided with an inflatable bag having a rearwardly exposed portion engageable with the heel portion of the shoe to press thereagainst upon inflation from withdrawal from the shoe.

HARRY o. CAMPBELL.

US2197093A 1939-01-19 1939-01-19 Artificial foot Expired - Lifetime US2197093A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2197093A US2197093A (en) 1939-01-19 1939-01-19 Artificial foot

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2197093A US2197093A (en) 1939-01-19 1939-01-19 Artificial foot

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US2197093A true US2197093A (en) 1940-04-16

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Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5004477A (en) * 1988-10-21 1991-04-02 Establissements Proteor Prosthesis for leg amputation and a process for its manufacture
FR2673370A1 (en) * 1991-02-28 1992-09-04 Lehn Phillipe Van Foot prosthesis comprising an adjustable bladder and bladder usable in such a prosthesis.
US5181933A (en) * 1991-02-28 1993-01-26 Phillips L Van Split foot prosthesis
US5258038A (en) * 1991-05-10 1993-11-02 College Park Industries, Inc. Prosthetic foot with ankle joint and toe member
US5314499A (en) * 1991-04-04 1994-05-24 Collier Jr Milo S Artificial limb including a shin, ankle and foot
WO1994018914A1 (en) * 1992-09-28 1994-09-01 Phillips L Van Prosthetic device incorporating multiple sole bladders
US5486209A (en) * 1989-04-13 1996-01-23 Phillips; Van L. Foot prosthesis having auxiliary ankle construction
US5545234A (en) * 1991-04-04 1996-08-13 Collier, Jr.; Milo S. Lower extremity prosthetic device
US5549714A (en) * 1990-09-21 1996-08-27 Phillips; Van L. Symes foot prosthesis
US5800570A (en) * 1996-03-14 1998-09-01 Collier; Milo S. Lower extremity prosthetic device
US5993488A (en) * 1994-08-15 1999-11-30 Phillips; Van L. Prosthesis with resilient ankle block
US6071313A (en) * 1991-02-28 2000-06-06 Phillips; Van L. Split foot prosthesis
US6206934B1 (en) 1998-04-10 2001-03-27 Flex-Foot, Inc. Ankle block with spring inserts
US6406500B1 (en) 1989-04-13 2002-06-18 Van L. Phillips Foot prosthesis having curved forefoot
US20020087216A1 (en) * 1996-02-16 2002-07-04 Atkinson Stewart L. Prosthetic walking system
US6443995B1 (en) 2000-12-22 2002-09-03 Barry W. Townsend Prosthetic foot
US20030093158A1 (en) * 2000-10-26 2003-05-15 Phillips Van L. Foot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US20040199265A1 (en) * 2000-12-22 2004-10-07 Townsend Barry W. Prosthetic foot
US20040225376A1 (en) * 2000-12-22 2004-11-11 Townsend Barry W. Prosthetic foot
US20050038524A1 (en) * 2003-08-15 2005-02-17 Jonsson Orn Ingvi Low profile prosthetic foot
US6899737B1 (en) 1998-04-10 2005-05-31 Van L. Phillips Foot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US20050267602A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2005-12-01 Clausen Arinbjorn V Foot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US20050284160A1 (en) * 2004-06-25 2005-12-29 Johnson Controls Technology Company Method of and apparatus for evaluating the performance of a control system
US20060058893A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2006-03-16 Clausen Arinbjorn V Method of measuring the performance of a prosthetic foot
US20100004757A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 Ossur Hf Smooth rollover insole for prosthetic foot
US20110213471A1 (en) * 2010-02-26 2011-09-01 össur hf Prosthetic foot with a curved split
US20120046760A1 (en) * 2010-08-19 2012-02-23 Medi Gmbh & Co. Kg Foot prosthesis
US8961618B2 (en) 2011-12-29 2015-02-24 össur hf Prosthetic foot with resilient heel
USD795433S1 (en) 2015-06-30 2017-08-22 Össur Iceland Ehf Prosthetic foot cover
USD797292S1 (en) 2014-06-30 2017-09-12 össur hf Prosthetic foot plate

Cited By (70)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5004477A (en) * 1988-10-21 1991-04-02 Establissements Proteor Prosthesis for leg amputation and a process for its manufacture
US5486209A (en) * 1989-04-13 1996-01-23 Phillips; Van L. Foot prosthesis having auxiliary ankle construction
US5593457A (en) * 1989-04-13 1997-01-14 Phillips; Van L. Foot prosthesis having auxiliary ankle construction
US6527811B1 (en) 1989-04-13 2003-03-04 Van L. Phillips Foot prosthesis with modular foot plate
US6406500B1 (en) 1989-04-13 2002-06-18 Van L. Phillips Foot prosthesis having curved forefoot
US5976191A (en) * 1989-04-13 1999-11-02 Phillips; Van L. Foot prosthesis having curved forefoot
US5549714A (en) * 1990-09-21 1996-08-27 Phillips; Van L. Symes foot prosthesis
US5443529A (en) * 1991-02-28 1995-08-22 Phillips; Van L. Prosthetic device incorporating multiple sole bladders
US5290319A (en) * 1991-02-28 1994-03-01 Phillips L Van Prosthetic foot incorporating adjustable bladders
US5509938A (en) * 1991-02-28 1996-04-23 Phillips; Van L. Prosthetic foot incorporating adjustable bladder
US5514185A (en) * 1991-02-28 1996-05-07 Phillips; Van L. Split foot prosthesis
US5181933A (en) * 1991-02-28 1993-01-26 Phillips L Van Split foot prosthesis
FR2673370A1 (en) * 1991-02-28 1992-09-04 Lehn Phillipe Van Foot prosthesis comprising an adjustable bladder and bladder usable in such a prosthesis.
US5776205A (en) * 1991-02-28 1998-07-07 Phillips; Van L. Split foot prosthesis
US6071313A (en) * 1991-02-28 2000-06-06 Phillips; Van L. Split foot prosthesis
US5314499A (en) * 1991-04-04 1994-05-24 Collier Jr Milo S Artificial limb including a shin, ankle and foot
US5545234A (en) * 1991-04-04 1996-08-13 Collier, Jr.; Milo S. Lower extremity prosthetic device
US5258038A (en) * 1991-05-10 1993-11-02 College Park Industries, Inc. Prosthetic foot with ankle joint and toe member
WO1994018914A1 (en) * 1992-09-28 1994-09-01 Phillips L Van Prosthetic device incorporating multiple sole bladders
US5993488A (en) * 1994-08-15 1999-11-30 Phillips; Van L. Prosthesis with resilient ankle block
US20050234563A1 (en) * 1994-08-15 2005-10-20 Phillips Van L Foot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US7354456B2 (en) 1994-08-15 2008-04-08 Phillips Van L Foot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US20020087216A1 (en) * 1996-02-16 2002-07-04 Atkinson Stewart L. Prosthetic walking system
US5800570A (en) * 1996-03-14 1998-09-01 Collier; Milo S. Lower extremity prosthetic device
US7879110B2 (en) 1998-04-10 2011-02-01 Ossur Hf Foot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US20100106260A1 (en) * 1998-04-10 2010-04-29 Phillips Van L Foot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US7279011B2 (en) 1998-04-10 2007-10-09 Phillips Van L Foot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US6280479B1 (en) 1998-04-10 2001-08-28 Flex-Foot, Inc. Foot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US6206934B1 (en) 1998-04-10 2001-03-27 Flex-Foot, Inc. Ankle block with spring inserts
US6899737B1 (en) 1998-04-10 2005-05-31 Van L. Phillips Foot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US20040162623A1 (en) * 1998-04-10 2004-08-19 Phillips Van L. Foot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US7063727B2 (en) 2000-10-26 2006-06-20 Van L. Phillips Foot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US20030093158A1 (en) * 2000-10-26 2003-05-15 Phillips Van L. Foot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US6936074B2 (en) 2000-12-22 2005-08-30 Barry W. Townsend Prosthetic foot
US20040225376A1 (en) * 2000-12-22 2004-11-11 Townsend Barry W. Prosthetic foot
US6743260B2 (en) 2000-12-22 2004-06-01 Barry W. Townsend Prosthetic foot
US20040199265A1 (en) * 2000-12-22 2004-10-07 Townsend Barry W. Prosthetic foot
US7108723B2 (en) 2000-12-22 2006-09-19 Townsend Barry W Prosthetic foot
US6443995B1 (en) 2000-12-22 2002-09-03 Barry W. Townsend Prosthetic foot
US8858649B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2014-10-14 össur hf Low profile prosthetic foot
US8377144B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2013-02-19 Ossur Hf Low profile prosthetic foot
US9579220B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2017-02-28 össur hf Low profile prosthetic foot
US8377146B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2013-02-19 Ossur Hf Low profile prosthetic foot
US8007544B2 (en) 2003-08-15 2011-08-30 Ossur Hf Low profile prosthetic foot
US20050038524A1 (en) * 2003-08-15 2005-02-17 Jonsson Orn Ingvi Low profile prosthetic foot
US20070106395A9 (en) * 2004-05-28 2007-05-10 Clausen Arinbjorn V Foot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US20090293641A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2009-12-03 Clausen Arinbjoern V Method of measuring the performance of a prosthetic foot
US9668887B2 (en) 2004-05-28 2017-06-06 össur hf Foot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US7581454B2 (en) 2004-05-28 2009-09-01 össur hf Method of measuring the performance of a prosthetic foot
US7846213B2 (en) 2004-05-28 2010-12-07 össur hf. Foot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US20050267603A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2005-12-01 Lecomte Christophe G Foot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US7891258B2 (en) 2004-05-28 2011-02-22 össur hf Method of measuring the performance of a prosthetic foot
US7998221B2 (en) 2004-05-28 2011-08-16 össur hf Foot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US20050267602A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2005-12-01 Clausen Arinbjorn V Foot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US9132022B2 (en) 2004-05-28 2015-09-15 össur hf Foot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US8025699B2 (en) 2004-05-28 2011-09-27 össur hf Foot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US20060058893A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2006-03-16 Clausen Arinbjorn V Method of measuring the performance of a prosthetic foot
US7347877B2 (en) 2004-05-28 2008-03-25 össur hf Foot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US20090287315A1 (en) * 2004-05-28 2009-11-19 össur hf. Foot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US20050284160A1 (en) * 2004-06-25 2005-12-29 Johnson Controls Technology Company Method of and apparatus for evaluating the performance of a control system
US9168158B2 (en) 2008-07-01 2015-10-27 össur hf Smooth rollover insole for prosthetic foot
US20100004757A1 (en) * 2008-07-01 2010-01-07 Ossur Hf Smooth rollover insole for prosthetic foot
US8685109B2 (en) 2008-07-01 2014-04-01 össur hf Smooth rollover insole for prosthetic foot
US20110213471A1 (en) * 2010-02-26 2011-09-01 össur hf Prosthetic foot with a curved split
US8486156B2 (en) 2010-02-26 2013-07-16 össur hf Prosthetic foot with a curved split
US8540781B2 (en) * 2010-08-19 2013-09-24 Medi Gmbh & Co. Kg Foot prosthesis
US20120046760A1 (en) * 2010-08-19 2012-02-23 Medi Gmbh & Co. Kg Foot prosthesis
US8961618B2 (en) 2011-12-29 2015-02-24 össur hf Prosthetic foot with resilient heel
USD797292S1 (en) 2014-06-30 2017-09-12 össur hf Prosthetic foot plate
USD795433S1 (en) 2015-06-30 2017-08-22 Össur Iceland Ehf Prosthetic foot cover

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