US2194472A - Production of abrasive materials - Google Patents

Production of abrasive materials Download PDF

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Publication number
US2194472A
US2194472A US5671035A US2194472A US 2194472 A US2194472 A US 2194472A US 5671035 A US5671035 A US 5671035A US 2194472 A US2194472 A US 2194472A
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abrasive
aggregates
grains
backing
grain
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George H Jackson
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Carborundum Co
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Carborundum Co
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24DTOOLS FOR GRINDING, BUFFING, OR SHARPENING
    • B24D11/00Constructional features of flexible abrasive materials; Special features in the manufacture of such materials
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S528/00Synthetic resins or natural rubbers -- part of the class 520 series
    • Y10S528/931Physical treatment of natural rubber or natural rubber containing material or chemical treatment of non-rubber portion thereof, e.g. extraction of rubber from milk weed

Description

26, 1940. G. H. JAQKSQN I J Mfi PRODUCTION OF ABRASIVE MATERIALS Filed Dec. 50, 1935 INVENTOR.

BY (3 EOQQE H L A QLKSQN ATTORNEY.

Patented Mar. 26, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE PRODUCTION OF ABRASIVE MATERIALS of Delaware Application December 30, 1935, Serial No. 56,710

6 Claims.

This invention relates to the production of improved abrasive coated materials and more particularly to the production of flexible abrasive materials such as abrasive coated paper and cloth, belts, discs, and the like.

A difficulty encountered in the use of abrasive coated materials lies in the fact that the spaces between the grains soon become clogged with material removed from the work which covers 10 the cutting edges and renders them ineffective before the cutting ability of the grain has been entirely utilized. It has been proposed to remedy this defect by spreading out the grains to a greater extent on the backing, resulting in the production of the so-called open-coat abrasive fabric. This is effective in the case of the coarsegrits but with fine gritsthe small amount of work done by each grain and the greater reduction in the number of cutting grains necessary to provide the open spaces makes the method less valuable than in the case of the coarser'grain.

It is an object of this invention to provide a coated abrasive article having the large clearance spaces and high cutting rate characteristic of large grit open-coat fabric and the ability to produce fine finishes characteristic of fine grit abrasive coated fabric.

It is also an object of the invention to provide a coated abrasive article which has a high initial cutting rate which is maintained throughout the life of the article by removal of dulled edges and their replacement by sharp edges.

The invention contemplates the production of an abrasive article comprising a. suitable backing and a coating of abrasive grain s held thereon by a suitable adhesive, a substantial proportion of the coating of abrasive grains being in the form of aggregates, each of which includes a plurality of abrasive grains. The aggregates may be 40 formed and placed on the backing as such. The

aggregates may be used in uniform grit sizes or in combinations of grit sizes, or in combination with individual grains. To provide the desired cutting rateit is preferable that the aggregates 45 have clearance spaces around them or spaces in which no abrasive grains exist or in which only a layer of individual abrasive grains, one grain thick, is interspersed.

In the drawing, Figure 1 is a diagrammatic sectional view of an abrasive aggregate according to the present invention. Figure 2 is a diagrammatic representation of a section of a. coated abrasive utilizing the abrasive aggregates of the .present invention. Figure 3 is a diagrammatic i representation of a section of a coated abrasive showing a modification of the present invention.

The aggregate coated abrasive material of the present invention may be produced in various ways; for example, by producing a granular mass of aggregates and then applying them to a suitable backin in the manner in which abrasive grains are applied to a backing in coating it with abrasive material.

In preparing the aggregates according to the first mentioned method, abrasive grains are bonded into aggregates containing from 2 to 30 or more abrasive grains. These aggregates are then suitably screened to provide aggregate particles of a reasonably uniform size. The aggregates may be formed in advance with any of the binders ordinarily used in the production of bonded or flexible abrasive products and the binder for attaching the aggregates to the backing may be any binder ordinarily used, or suitable for use, in the manufacture of abrasive coated materials. For example, aggregates formed with a ceramic binder may be attached to a paper backing by means of glue, or, the binder for the aggregates and for the backing may be the same. For example, abrasive grains may be mixedwith glue and after hardening, broken up into aggregates which may then be attached to a suitable backing by means of a glue film.

Various resins are also of value in the production of the aggregates and in applying them to the backing. For example, aggregates may be produced by mixing abrasive grains with a solution of a heat-hardenable phenol resin in the A" stage in a suitable solvent such as alcohol or acetone. resin solution may be then allowed to dry by evaporation of the solvent. Or, the mixture may be compressed and the resulting shape dried, by

application of heat if necessary. In either case the formed mass is then broken up and screened to obtain aggregates of a suitable range of sizes.

The a gregates thus formed each consist of a plurality of abrasive grains bonded together with interstitial binder which depends in amount upon the ratio of binder to abrasive grain in the original mix. The number of grains in the aggregates will depend upon the degree of crushing and the method of separation of the aggregates into various sizes. An aggregate of this nature is illustrated in Fig. 1 of the accompanying drawing, which shows in section, an aggregate consisting of grains 1 of abrasive material bonded together by interstitial binder 2 which cements the grains together at points of contact and holds them in a rigid mass.

The mixture of abrasive grains and Theirrvention will now be further described Example 1 280 grit silicon carbide abrasive grain is mixed. with a solution of A stage phenol formaldehyde resin in acetone in a proportion to supply 2% of resin based on the abrasive grain. The mixture is dried in an oven overnight at a temperature of 150 F. and the temperature is then raised to 250 F. and held at that temperature for one half hour. The resulting mass is then cooled, broken up, and screened through a 150 mesh screen and onto a 220 mesh screen. Upon examination of the fraction thus separated it is found that the aggregates consist of from 2 to 4 abrasive grains each. These aggregates are then attached to a paper backing by an oil varnish of the character commonly used in the manufacture of waterproof sandpaper. The coated abrasive material thus produced is found to have an exceptionally long abrading life, to out faster than an article made from abrasive grain of a corresponding grit size, and to produce the finish characteristic of 280 mesh silicon carbide.

Example 2 50 grit silicon carbide is mixed with 2% of glue in the form of a very thin glue solution. The mixture is then spread out in a pan and allowed to dry, crushed, and then screened through a 22 mesh screen and onto a 28 mesh screen. The fraction of aggregates thus separated is applied to 100 lb. cylinder paper by coating the paper with a 33% glue solution, sprinkling on the aggregates and then applying a sizing coating consisting of a 20% solution of glue.

Example 3 Rubber bonded aggregates may be made from the following ingredients:

Percent Smoked sheet Sulphur 4 Abrasive grain 88 The smoked sheet is made plastic on the customary roll mill and the sulphur and grain then worked into the plastic mass to form a homogeneous mixture. The mixture is then vulcanized under proper conditions of pressure and temperature to produce a mass that may be crushed to form rubber bonded aggregates. These aggregates may be attached to a backing by any of the adhesives mentioned above, for example, glue, resin, or rubber.

Example 4 Ceramic aggregates are made by mixing 5% clay bond with 95% abrasive grain with suitable additions of liquid to cause the mixture to have the right consistency. The mass is then baked to vitrify the bond at 1250" C. After cooling sufficiently, the vitrified mass is broken up to produce aggregates containing a plurality of abrasive grains. The aggregata produced in this manner may be attached to the backing by an adhesive whose base is glue, resin or rubber, or any other adhesive suitable for attaching abrasive grains to a backing.

For certain purposes it may be desirable to intersperse the abrasive aggregates on the backing with a layer of single grains, one grain thick. This assists in anchoring the aggregates on the foundation and makes possible the use of the material for producing a fine finish when the aggregates have been worn down to the same level as the individual grains.

Preferably, however, the aggregates should be applied to the backing with spaces between them substantially in the nature of coarse grit opencoat paper whereby clearance spaces exist between adjacent grains to assist the cutting action of the grain and to provide for the removal of the material cut from the work from the cutting points of the abrasive aggregates. This arrangement is illustrated in Fig. 2, wherein a backing 5 carries a layer of aggregates 3 which are embedded in a film of adhesive 4 and sep arated from each other to provide clearance spaces 6 between adjacent aggregates.

As stated above it may be desirable to have individual grains interspersed in the layer .of abrasive aggregates. This may be done by applying the individual grains to the backing with the aggregates in admixture therewith; or the individual grains may be applied to the paper before or after the aggregates are applied. This construction is shown in Fig. 3 in which the backing 5 has attached to it by means of adhesive 4, a coating of abrasive material consisting of aggregates 3 interspersed with individual granules l.

In connection with the present invention it has been found that abrasive coated products made with abrasive aggregates instead of an even layer of individual abrasive grains are exceptionally fast cutting, long lived and at the same time produce finishes characteristic of the grit size employed in making the aggregates. By suitably proportioning the amount of bond used in preparing the aggregates in comparison with the binder used to attach the aggregates to the backing it is possible to vary within a considerable range the abrading life of the article, it being generally true that if the relative amount of bond used to form the aggregates is reduced the abrading life is correspondingly shortened but the cutting rate is increased. The invention also permits the production of abrasive coated materials having a considerable range of properties without sacrifice of the finish developed when the articles are used. It is an improvement over the method heretofore employed in which it was impossible to vary either the cutting rate or the life of the article when the quality of the finish had been determined.

Previously it has been customary to employ a number of different grit sizes in working up an article in order to get the benefit of the relatively fast cutting rate of coarse grits in the initial stages and then developing the finish with the slow cutting fine grit in a later operation in order to produce the desired fine finish. By the use of the improved article of this invention this necessity for a change in grit size is removed and the finishing operation can be conducted with the speed heretofore obtained with coarse I invention, various kinds of abrasive grains, as well as different types of bond for the aggregates and binders for attaching the aggregates to the backing may be employed. It is possible to employ one type of bond for the abrasive grain,

including ceramic as well as organic bonds, and another type of binder for attaching the aggregates to the backing. In this way it is possible to obtain abrasive action in coated abrasivematerials not heretofore possible, since this invention makes possible the use of binders which could not be used in producing coated abrasive materials; for example, ceramic bonds. Generally, the invention makes possible the combination of the binder in the aggregate which will produce the desired cutting action and the use of a binder for the backing which possesses great adhesion to the bacldng, but which may or may not possess great tenacity in holding single grains in place, since the rough, relatively porous surface of the aggregates renders them much easier to retain on the backing than individual grains.

Other modifications of the invention include the addition of fillers to either the bond used for forming the aggregates or in the binder used for attaching the aggregates to the backing. It is possible also to vary the cutting action of the aggregates by incorporating in them friable nonabrasive particles which break out easily to constantly expose fresh cutting edges to the work. These may be incorporated in the mix for making the aggregates before attachment to the backing.

I claim:

1. An abrasive article comprising a backing and a coating of abrasive grain held on said backing by an adhesive binder, the said abrasive grain comprising a substantial proportion of bonded abrasive aggregates, said aggregates being porous, angular, and unflattened and comprising a plurality of single abrasive grains boundtogether with a minor proportion of bond, the bond of said abrasive aggregates being of a kind and in an amount such that the abrasive grains in the aggregates are held together less tenaciously than said aggregates are held on. said backing by said binder.

2. An abrasive article comprising a backing and a coating of abrasive grain held on said backing by an adhesive binder, the said abrasive grain consisting of a substantial proportion of bonded aggregates interspersed ,with single grains, said ag regates being porous, granular and unflattened and comprising a plurality of single abrasive grains bound together with a minor proportion of bond, the bond'of said abrasive aggregates being of a kind and in an amount such that the abrasive grains in the aggregates are held together less tenaciously than said aggregates are held on said backing by said binder.

3. An abrasive article comprising a backing and a coating of abrasive grain held on said back ing by an adhesive binder, the said abrasive grain comprising a substantial proportion of bonded abrasive aggregates, said aggregates being porous, angular, and unflattened and comprising a plurality of single abrasive grains bound together with a minor proportion of a resin bond, the bond of said abrasive aggregates being of a kind and in an amount such that the abrasive grains in the aggregates are held together less tenaciously than said aggregates are held on said backing by said binder.

4. An abrasive article comprising a backing and a coating of abrasive grain held on said backing by an adhesive binder, the'said abrasive grain comprising a substantial proportion of bonded abrasive aggregates, said aggregates being porous, angular, and unflattened and comprising a plurality of single abrasive grains bound together with a minor proportion of a ceramic bond, the bond of said abrasive aggregates being of a kind and in an amount such that the abrasive grains in the aggregates are held together less tenaciously than said aggregates are held on said backing by said binder.

5. An abrasive article comprising a backing and a coating of abrasive grain held on said backing by an adhesive binder, the said abrasive grain comprising a substantial proportion of bonded abrasive aggregates, said aggregates being porous, angular, and unflattened and comprising a plurality of single abrasive grains bound together with a minor proportion of a rubber bond, the bond of said abrasive aggregates being of a kind and in an amount such that the abrasive grains in the aggregates are held together less tenaciously than said aggregates are held on said backing by said binder.

6. An abrasive article comprising a backing and a coating of abrasive grain adhesively held on said backing by a resinous adhesive, the said abrasive grain comprising a substantial proportion of bonded abrasive aggregates, said aggregates being porous, angular, and unflattened and comprising aplurality of single abrasive grains bound together with a minor proportion of bond,

the bond of said abrasive aggregates being of a,

kind and in an amount such that the abrasive grains in the aggregates are held together less tenaciously than said aggregates are held on said backing by said adhesive, whereby there may be obtained during use of the abrasive article a breaking down of said aggregates to provide fresh cutting surfaces.

GEORGE H. JACKSON.

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Cited By (41)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3048482A (en) * 1958-10-22 1962-08-07 Rexall Drug Co Abrasive articles and methods of making the same
FR2011399A1 (en) * 1968-06-21 1970-02-27 Lippert Heinrich Fa
DE2348338A1 (en) * 1973-09-26 1975-04-03 Norddeutsche Schleifmittel Ind Abrasive belt or sheet - synthetic resin beads coated with binder and abrasive particles on binding layer
US3891408A (en) * 1972-09-08 1975-06-24 Norton Co Zirconia-alumina abrasive grain and grinding tools
US3893826A (en) * 1971-11-08 1975-07-08 Norton Co Coated abrasive material comprising alumina-zirconia abrasive compositions
US3955324A (en) * 1965-10-10 1976-05-11 Lindstroem Ab Olle Agglomerates of metal-coated diamonds in a continuous synthetic resinous phase
US3955942A (en) * 1972-04-11 1976-05-11 Colgate-Palmolive Company Abrasive agglomerates of abrasive subparticles and binder material
US3958063A (en) * 1974-01-16 1976-05-18 Robson Bruce H Composite particle having surface recessing or indentation
US3982359A (en) * 1968-06-21 1976-09-28 Roc A.G. Abrasive member of bonded aggregates in an elastomeric matrix
US4024675A (en) * 1974-05-14 1977-05-24 Jury Vladimirovich Naidich Method of producing aggregated abrasive grains
EP0008868A1 (en) * 1978-08-04 1980-03-19 Norton Company Coated abrasive having brittle agglomerates of abrasive grain and a process of producing the latter
US4261706A (en) * 1972-05-15 1981-04-14 Corning Glass Works Method of manufacturing connected particles of uniform size and shape with a backing
US4311489A (en) * 1978-08-04 1982-01-19 Norton Company Coated abrasive having brittle agglomerates of abrasive grain
US4364746A (en) * 1978-03-28 1982-12-21 Sia, Schweizer Schmirgel- U. Schlief-Industrie Ag Abrasive material
US4393021A (en) * 1981-06-09 1983-07-12 Vereinigte Schmirgel Und Maschinen-Fabriken Ag Method for the manufacture of granular grit for use as abrasives
US4481016A (en) * 1978-08-18 1984-11-06 Campbell Nicoll A D Method of making tool inserts and drill bits
US4575384A (en) * 1984-05-31 1986-03-11 Norton Company Grinding wheel for grinding titanium
US5039311A (en) * 1990-03-02 1991-08-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive granules
US5049166A (en) * 1990-02-27 1991-09-17 Washington Mills Ceramics Corporation Light weight abrasive tumbling media and method of making same
US5078753A (en) * 1990-10-09 1992-01-07 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive containing erodable agglomerates
US5496386A (en) * 1993-03-18 1996-03-05 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive article having diluent particles and shaped abrasive particles
US5975988A (en) * 1994-09-30 1999-11-02 Minnesota Mining And Manfacturing Company Coated abrasive article, method for preparing the same, and method of using a coated abrasive article to abrade a hard workpiece
US20020160694A1 (en) * 2000-10-06 2002-10-31 3M Innovative Properties Company Agglomerate abrasive grain and a method of making the same
US6521004B1 (en) 2000-10-16 2003-02-18 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making an abrasive agglomerate particle
US20030121774A1 (en) * 1998-12-01 2003-07-03 Uzoh Cyprian E. Workpiece surface influencing device designs for electrochemical mechanical processing and method of using the same
US6620214B2 (en) 2000-10-16 2003-09-16 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making ceramic aggregate particles
US20030194954A1 (en) * 2002-04-11 2003-10-16 Bonner Anne M. Method of roll grinding
US20030217927A1 (en) * 2002-05-23 2003-11-27 Basol Bulent M. Long-life workpiece surface influencing device structure and manufacturing method
US6679758B2 (en) 2002-04-11 2004-01-20 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Porous abrasive articles with agglomerated abrasives
US20040026833A1 (en) * 2000-10-16 2004-02-12 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making an agglomerate particle
US6797023B2 (en) 2002-05-14 2004-09-28 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Coated abrasives
US20050026553A1 (en) * 2002-04-11 2005-02-03 Bonner Anne M. Method of centerless grinding
US20070023950A1 (en) * 2005-08-01 2007-02-01 Nisshinbo Industries, Inc. Manufacturing Method for Raw Friction Material Granulation Substance and Friction Material with Raw Friction Material Granulation Substance
US20080085660A1 (en) * 2002-04-11 2008-04-10 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive Articles with Novel Structures and Methods for Grinding
US20090053980A1 (en) * 2007-08-23 2009-02-26 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Optimized CMP Conditioner Design for Next Generation Oxide/Metal CMP
US20090202781A1 (en) * 2003-10-10 2009-08-13 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive tools made with a self-avoiding abrasive grain array
US7670473B1 (en) 1998-12-01 2010-03-02 Uzoh Cyprian E Workpiece surface influencing device designs for electrochemical mechanical processing and method of using the same
US20100196700A1 (en) * 2005-09-30 2010-08-05 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive Tools Having a Permeable Structure
US20100330886A1 (en) * 2009-06-02 2010-12-30 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Corrosion-Resistant CMP Conditioning Tools and Methods for Making and Using Same
US8951099B2 (en) 2009-09-01 2015-02-10 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Chemical mechanical polishing conditioner
US9022840B2 (en) 2009-03-24 2015-05-05 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive tool for use as a chemical mechanical planarization pad conditioner

Cited By (72)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3048482A (en) * 1958-10-22 1962-08-07 Rexall Drug Co Abrasive articles and methods of making the same
US3955324A (en) * 1965-10-10 1976-05-11 Lindstroem Ab Olle Agglomerates of metal-coated diamonds in a continuous synthetic resinous phase
FR2011399A1 (en) * 1968-06-21 1970-02-27 Lippert Heinrich Fa
DE1752612A1 (en) * 1968-06-21 1971-12-09 Lippert Heinrich Fa Schleifkoerper
US3982359A (en) * 1968-06-21 1976-09-28 Roc A.G. Abrasive member of bonded aggregates in an elastomeric matrix
US3893826A (en) * 1971-11-08 1975-07-08 Norton Co Coated abrasive material comprising alumina-zirconia abrasive compositions
US3955942A (en) * 1972-04-11 1976-05-11 Colgate-Palmolive Company Abrasive agglomerates of abrasive subparticles and binder material
US4261706A (en) * 1972-05-15 1981-04-14 Corning Glass Works Method of manufacturing connected particles of uniform size and shape with a backing
US3891408A (en) * 1972-09-08 1975-06-24 Norton Co Zirconia-alumina abrasive grain and grinding tools
DE2348338A1 (en) * 1973-09-26 1975-04-03 Norddeutsche Schleifmittel Ind Abrasive belt or sheet - synthetic resin beads coated with binder and abrasive particles on binding layer
US3958063A (en) * 1974-01-16 1976-05-18 Robson Bruce H Composite particle having surface recessing or indentation
US4024675A (en) * 1974-05-14 1977-05-24 Jury Vladimirovich Naidich Method of producing aggregated abrasive grains
US4364746A (en) * 1978-03-28 1982-12-21 Sia, Schweizer Schmirgel- U. Schlief-Industrie Ag Abrasive material
US4311489A (en) * 1978-08-04 1982-01-19 Norton Company Coated abrasive having brittle agglomerates of abrasive grain
EP0008868A1 (en) * 1978-08-04 1980-03-19 Norton Company Coated abrasive having brittle agglomerates of abrasive grain and a process of producing the latter
US4481016A (en) * 1978-08-18 1984-11-06 Campbell Nicoll A D Method of making tool inserts and drill bits
US4393021A (en) * 1981-06-09 1983-07-12 Vereinigte Schmirgel Und Maschinen-Fabriken Ag Method for the manufacture of granular grit for use as abrasives
US4575384A (en) * 1984-05-31 1986-03-11 Norton Company Grinding wheel for grinding titanium
US5049166A (en) * 1990-02-27 1991-09-17 Washington Mills Ceramics Corporation Light weight abrasive tumbling media and method of making same
EP0444824A2 (en) * 1990-03-02 1991-09-04 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Granular abrasive
US5039311A (en) * 1990-03-02 1991-08-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive granules
EP0444824A3 (en) * 1990-03-02 1992-04-01 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive granules
JP2559106Y2 (en) 1990-03-02 1998-01-14 ミネソタ マイニング アンド マニュファクチャリング カンパニー Grinding for coarse grains
US5078753A (en) * 1990-10-09 1992-01-07 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive containing erodable agglomerates
US5496386A (en) * 1993-03-18 1996-03-05 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive article having diluent particles and shaped abrasive particles
US5584896A (en) * 1993-03-18 1996-12-17 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Coated abrasive article having diluent particles and shaped abrasive particles
US5975988A (en) * 1994-09-30 1999-11-02 Minnesota Mining And Manfacturing Company Coated abrasive article, method for preparing the same, and method of using a coated abrasive article to abrade a hard workpiece
US6217413B1 (en) * 1994-09-30 2001-04-17 3M Innovative Properties Company Coated abrasive article, method for preparing the same, and method of using a coated abrasive article to abrade a hard workpiece
US7670473B1 (en) 1998-12-01 2010-03-02 Uzoh Cyprian E Workpiece surface influencing device designs for electrochemical mechanical processing and method of using the same
US7204917B2 (en) 1998-12-01 2007-04-17 Novellus Systems, Inc. Workpiece surface influencing device designs for electrochemical mechanical processing and method of using the same
US20030121774A1 (en) * 1998-12-01 2003-07-03 Uzoh Cyprian E. Workpiece surface influencing device designs for electrochemical mechanical processing and method of using the same
US20040221515A1 (en) * 2000-10-06 2004-11-11 3M Innovative Properties Company Ceramic aggregate particles
US6881483B2 (en) 2000-10-06 2005-04-19 3M Innovative Properties Company Ceramic aggregate particles
US20020160694A1 (en) * 2000-10-06 2002-10-31 3M Innovative Properties Company Agglomerate abrasive grain and a method of making the same
US6790126B2 (en) 2000-10-06 2004-09-14 3M Innovative Properties Company Agglomerate abrasive grain and a method of making the same
US6913824B2 (en) 2000-10-16 2005-07-05 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making an agglomerate particle
US6620214B2 (en) 2000-10-16 2003-09-16 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making ceramic aggregate particles
US6521004B1 (en) 2000-10-16 2003-02-18 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making an abrasive agglomerate particle
US20040026833A1 (en) * 2000-10-16 2004-02-12 3M Innovative Properties Company Method of making an agglomerate particle
US20080085660A1 (en) * 2002-04-11 2008-04-10 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Abrasive Articles with Novel Structures and Methods for Grinding
US20050026553A1 (en) * 2002-04-11 2005-02-03 Bonner Anne M. Method of centerless grinding
US6679758B2 (en) 2002-04-11 2004-01-20 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Porous abrasive articles with agglomerated abrasives
US20050101225A1 (en) * 2002-04-11 2005-05-12 Eric Bright Porous abrasive articles with agglomerated abrasives and method for making the agglomerated abrasives
US7544114B2 (en) 2002-04-11 2009-06-09 Saint-Gobain Technology Company Abrasive articles with novel structures and methods for grinding
US6988937B2 (en) 2002-04-11 2006-01-24 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Method of roll grinding
DE10392532B4 (en) * 2002-04-11 2006-04-06 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc., Worcester Porous abrasive articles having abrasive agglomerates and methods of making the abrasive agglomerates
US7077723B2 (en) 2002-04-11 2006-07-18 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Porous abrasive articles with agglomerated abrasives and method for making the agglomerated abrasives
US20060160476A1 (en) * 2002-04-11 2006-07-20 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Porous abrasive articles with agglomerated abrasives and method for making the agglomerated abrasives
US7090565B2 (en) 2002-04-11 2006-08-15 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Method of centerless grinding
US20060211342A1 (en) * 2002-04-11 2006-09-21 Bonner Anne M Abrasive articles with novel structures and methods for grinding
EP2455185A2 (en) 2002-04-11 2012-05-23 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. Porous abrasive articles with agglomerated abrasives and method for making the agglomerated abrasives
US7422513B2 (en) 2002-04-11 2008-09-09 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Porous abrasive articles with agglomerated abrasives
US7275980B2 (en) 2002-04-11 2007-10-02 Saint-Gobain Abrasives Technology Company Abrasive articles with novel structures and methods for grinding
DE10392508B4 (en) * 2002-04-11 2013-04-18 Saint-Gobain Abrasives, Inc. A bonded abrasive tool, method of grinding with a grinding wheel and method for creep feed grinding
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