US2186373A - Baffle and heat retaining means for furnaces - Google Patents

Baffle and heat retaining means for furnaces Download PDF

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US2186373A
US2186373A US223781A US22378138A US2186373A US 2186373 A US2186373 A US 2186373A US 223781 A US223781 A US 223781A US 22378138 A US22378138 A US 22378138A US 2186373 A US2186373 A US 2186373A
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shell
furnaces
crown
piece
flame
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US223781A
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Faulds George
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EDWARD A ROTH
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EDWARD A ROTH
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23MCASINGS, LININGS, WALLS OR DOORS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, e.g. FIREBRIDGES; DEVICES FOR DEFLECTING AIR, FLAMES OR COMBUSTION PRODUCTS IN COMBUSTION CHAMBERS; SAFETY ARRANGEMENTS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR COMBUSTION APPARATUS; DETAILS OF COMBUSTION CHAMBERS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F23M9/00Baffles or deflectors for air or combustion products; Flame shields
    • F23M9/06Baffles or deflectors for air or combustion products; Flame shields in fire-boxes

Description

' Jan. 9, 1940.- G. FAULDS BAFFLE AND HEAT RETAINING MEANS FOR FURNACES 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Aug. 9, 1938 I N VEN TOR. Geo/"ye Faulds, By W ATTORNEYS.

Jan. 9, 1940. I G. FAULDS 2,185,373

v BAFFLE AND HEAT RETAINING MEANS FOR FURNACES Filed Aug. 9, 1938 2' Sheets-Sheet 2 WITNESSES: INVENTOR- I ATTORNEYS. v

' Patented 9, 1940 PATENT OFFICE 2,186,373 BAFFLE AND HEAT RETAINING MEANS I'OI FURNACES George Faulds, Philadelphia, Pa'., assig'nor of onehalf to Edward A. lhth, Philadelphia, Pa.

Application August 9, 1938, Serial No. 223,781 4 Claims. (CL110-97) This invention relates to balile and heat retaining means for automatically controlled intermittently fired furnaces includingnot only hot air furnaces, but also hot water and steam boilers.

5 More particularly, the present improvements are directed to domestic heating-furnaces using hydrocarbons such as crude or standard fuel oils.

The primary object had in view in the provision of a novel baflle and heat retaining means of massive construction and bulk which is adapted for ready assembly in the heat transfer chamber of conventional furnaces, said means incidental to placement forming a rigid unit, whereby a more efilcient and economic consumption of the fuel results, and whereby a great quantity of.

heat is absorbed and made available for use during the off periods of-the furnace.

Another object is to provide a novel means of the type indicated in the preceding paragraph whereby the heating flame is effectively diffused and caused to impinge upon the whole of the in terlor surface of the jacketed combustion chamber of the furnace before discharging into the flue.

Further objects and ancillary advantages of this invention will appear from the following disclosure of a preferred embodiment, when considered in conjunction with the accompanying drawings; while it is to be understood that the 80 concluding claims are to be accorded a range of egiivalents consistent with the state of the prior In the drawings: Fig. I is a view partly in elevation and mainly I in vertical section illustrating the adaptation of the novel bailie and heat retaining device, of this,

invention, to a conventional liquid fuel burning hot water furnace.

Fig. 11 is a sectional plan view, taken approxi- 40 mately in the plane designated 11-11 in the preceding illustration.

Fig. 111 is a plan view of the assembled main structure or grill portion of the combined baffie and heat retaining device.

Fig. IV is a perspective view of one of the individual grill sections.

Fig. V is a similar view of one of the baflles hereinafter fully explained.

- Figs. VI and VII are, respectively, a fragmentarysection and top plan view of a modified;

form of crown-piece, hereinafter more fully described. W

Referring more in detail to the, drawings, the

hotwater furnace is comprehensively designated 6 as I, said boiler embodying the customary refractory lined fire pot 2, adapted for using liquid fuel supplied by a gun type oil burner 3 having a discharge 4 projecting inwardly of said fire pot. Surmounting the fire pot '2 is a water jacket 4 5 defining the heat transfer or combustion chamber 0 and having'upper and lower access doors I, 8,'while a broken portion of a domestic wash water heating pipe or coil is indicated at 9. All of the foregoing parts are merely referred to by way of forming a background in describing the 10 following subject matter. v

The improved baille and heat retaining means of this invention is in the form of a cage andcomprises an apertured framework or truncate shell ID of a height and diameter somewhat less than those of the combustion chambert, with provision of clearance above and around it as shown in Fig. I. The shell l0 includes complemental sections ll of suitable dimensions for passage through the boiler upper door 1, each 20 such section being of arcual cross-section and provided at theupper edge with apertured lugs It. In the embodiment of the invention illustrated, it will be seen the shell I0 is composed of four-quarters or grill-sections II and, when 25 assembled, the several lugs l2 coincide for free insertion of pins I! in the registering apertures l4 thereof. Thus it will be apparent that when the several grill-sections II are assembled the structure or shell Hi can be readily centered on 30 top of the fire pot 2 over the combustion chamber l5 therein.

A concavo-convex or inverted dished crownpiece it composed of complemental apertured- .halves H, for example, is now placed on top of 85 the shell I0, it being remarked that said halves are of a size for easy passage through the boiler door I; and it will be understood the crown- I piece It may be composed of more than two I parts. Each of the crown-piece apertured-halves 40 I1 is provided near its exterior basal edge or lip with a suitable groove it which, when said halves are assembled provide a continuous circumferenti'al seat for the rigid fixture therein of the inner arcual edges IQ of segmental blades or baf- 45 fie elements 20. These baflle elements 20 are preferably made of light flexible sheet metal so they can easily be bent up, or down as typically indicated by dotted lines 20' at the right-hand of the shell III in Fig. I, to provide a predeter- 5 mined marginal clearance between the blade outer arcual edges 2| and the inner wall 22 of the water jack 5, as well as intervening clearances defined by the blade'radial edges 23 as readily understood from Figs. I and II. Besides direct- 2 areas-rs ing the flame from the combustion chamber ll and surmounted truncate shell it under the crown-piece II, as desired,..the bailie elements 2| permit adjustment of the device to various sizes of boilers, differing draft conditions, or other interfering conditions caused by internal piping and similar eiliciency-obstructing obstructions. Obviously, the bame elements 20 may be suitably deflected or adjusted prior to introduction of the complemental halves I'I into the heat transfer chamber 6, or after assembly of the shell Ill and crown-piece l6 therein.

In order to concentrically seat the crown-piece It on top of the shell "I, the sections II of the former are preferably provided with spaced projections 24, Fig. I, which, when the respective sections are seated, engage within the upper inner marginal edge of the assembled shell and thereby assure proper assembly relation of the respectiveparts while accommodating expansion and contraction of the several parts as an interconnected whole.

The shell It, as well as the crown-piece II, are preferably both made of heavy cast iron and of substantial proportions to provide bulk for heat storage and to ensure rigidity when assembled, while each section II is formed with spaced and aligned upper and lower longitudinal openings .fire pot 2.

25, 26 which together form vertical slots extend ing substantially from top to bottom of the device to ensure emcient radial diffusion of the flame and impingement thereof upon the inner wall 22 of the heat transfer or combustion chamber 6 below the baflle elements 20. The respective crown-piece halves I 1 are formed with radial elongate openings 21 for adequate access of the flame upwardly to the roof 28, Fig. I, of the chamber '6 in an obvious mannner; one of said openings 21' being extended to the circumference of the crown-piece It for passage of the domestic coil pipe 9.

The baiile elements 20 are preferably made ofthin steel or other suitably durable sheet material; whereas heavy refractory baked clay or ceramic material may be used instead of cast iron for the shell I and crown-piece l6.

In operation when the oil burner 3, 4 starts, the ascending flame from the combustion chamber l5 will heat-up the entire shell I and crownpiece It to a high degree of incandescence in a very short period of time; after which the flame will be attracted by the hot metal and directed through the openings 25, 26 outwardly and evenly against the inner wall 22 of the water back 5, and thus form a complete annular wall of flame within the heat transfer or combustion chamber 6. At the upper region of the shell I, the column of flame therewithin will be divided by the elongate openings 2! for diffusion below the chamber roof 28, while a circular flow of the flame outside the shell ill will be deflected by the baflle elements 20 annularly I and inwardly against the roof 28 for commingling augmentation of the flame discharged upwardly through the elongate openings 21 with resultant quicker heating of the greater volume of water above the device. The differential movements set up by the combined shell l0 and crown-piece It thus create a torch-like action of the flame which is directed against the entire surface of the inner wall of the heat transfer chamber 6 above the Any unburnt gases passing around the shell It or under the crown-piece ii are promptly ignited by the incandescent material of which said parts are made. In addition, it is to be particularly noted the column of flame within the shell III will in part be downwardly deflected by the blank portion of the crown-piece It for discharge through the upper openings 26 in the shell l0 and thereby set up a circulatory action resulting in a more complete combustion of any unburnt fuel contained in the column of flame.

From the foregoing it will be clearly apparent that the combined baflle and heat retaining device of this invention positively ensures complete combustion of the fuel with resultant greater heating efficiency. In this connection it is to be remarked that without the means of this in- 'vention above the flre pot 2, when the burner 3, 4 is shut-off, there will result a quick chilling action in the heat transfer chamber 6 withrapid cooling of the water in the jacket 5. Such action is effectively avoided by use of the present invention due to the volume of heat retained by and in the shell structure I0 and its crown-piece It as, obviously, this retained heat will diffuse for a considerable time after the burner 3, 4 is shut-. off, or function as a booster" similar in effect to a banked coal fire. This advantage of radiated heat in addition to complete combustion of the fuel inhering to the structure of this invention ensures considerable economy in oil consumption, inasmuch as the oil periods of the burner 3, 4, are considerably increased with the "on" periods correspondingly decreased. Another advantage noted in connection with use of the present invention is that the customary noise associated with fuel oil burners is substantially reduced because the heated materal of which the parts Ill and it are formed attracts the flame and reduces the free roaring action customary in a large open transfer chamber.

In the modified form of the invention shown in Figs. VI and VII, the crown-piece I6 is provided centrally with an aperture 29 for reception of the shank 30 of a dished-spreader 3|. This form of the invention is designed for use in heater furnaces having a central draft 32 through upper portion of the water jacket In all other respects the shell Ill and crown-piece 18' conform with the preceding description; accordingly, like reference characters are applied with an added prime for purposes of ready difierentiation and avoidance of repetitive description.

While the embodiment of the invention has been shown and described in connection with a circular boiler, it will be self-evident that by minor changes in design said invention can be readily adapted for use in boilers and heaters of other cross-section without departure from the spirit and scope of the present improvements. Accordingly the right is hereby reserved to make such changes and variations in the invention as differing service conditions may I require, and as may be reasonably included within the terms of the following claims.

Having thus described my invention, I claim:

1. The combination with an intermittently fired furnace having a; fire box with a burner at the bottom of its combustion chamber, of a metallic flame diffusing and heat retaining device positioned axially over and of greater overall diameter than the fire box, said device having the form of a massive open bottomed cage somewhat smaller in height and girth than the combustion chamber, and provided circumferentially of its top with a series of flat, laterally-Projecting closely spaced bafile vanes with flat sides uppermost, which, during the active periods of the burner, retard escape of the hot products of combustion from the annular space between the cage and the furnace wall and difluse them to iacilitate heat absorption by said cage, and which, during the of! periods of the burner, operate to conserve the heat previously stored in the cage.

2. The combination according to claim 1, in which the cage body is composedof circumferential sections, and in which the cage top is composed of segments, said sections and segments being proportioned for ready introduction.

through the furnace fire door opening.

3. The combination according to claim 1, wherein the top of the cage is provided with hangs the openings in the cage top and laterally 10 distributes the gases issuing upwardly from said openings.

GEORGE FAULDB.

US223781A 1938-08-09 1938-08-09 Baffle and heat retaining means for furnaces Expired - Lifetime US2186373A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2420999A (en) * 1942-08-11 1947-05-27 Phillips Petroleum Co Apparatus for the manufacture of amorphous carbon
US2540359A (en) * 1949-05-13 1951-02-06 Thomas J Torpy Furnace
US2548421A (en) * 1946-02-09 1951-04-10 Christenson Frank Attachment for ceramic combustion chambers
US2845037A (en) * 1955-07-22 1958-07-29 Buhr Bert Heat retaining means for furnaces
US3143160A (en) * 1955-12-16 1964-08-04 Gustavsbergs Fabriker Ab Furnace for intermittent combustion

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2420999A (en) * 1942-08-11 1947-05-27 Phillips Petroleum Co Apparatus for the manufacture of amorphous carbon
US2548421A (en) * 1946-02-09 1951-04-10 Christenson Frank Attachment for ceramic combustion chambers
US2540359A (en) * 1949-05-13 1951-02-06 Thomas J Torpy Furnace
US2845037A (en) * 1955-07-22 1958-07-29 Buhr Bert Heat retaining means for furnaces
US3143160A (en) * 1955-12-16 1964-08-04 Gustavsbergs Fabriker Ab Furnace for intermittent combustion

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