US2184257A - Process for manufacturing chilled hollow balls - Google Patents

Process for manufacturing chilled hollow balls Download PDF

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Publication number
US2184257A
US2184257A US207580A US20758038A US2184257A US 2184257 A US2184257 A US 2184257A US 207580 A US207580 A US 207580A US 20758038 A US20758038 A US 20758038A US 2184257 A US2184257 A US 2184257A
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Prior art keywords
mould
ball
molten metal
belts
hollow balls
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Expired - Lifetime
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US207580A
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Nakagawa Shinsaku
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TOYO TOKUSHU IMONO KABUSHIKI K
TOYO TOKUSHU IMONO KK
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TOYO TOKUSHU IMONO KABUSHIKI K
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Priority to US207580A priority Critical patent/US2184257A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D13/00Centrifugal casting; Casting by using centrifugal force
    • B22D13/04Centrifugal casting; Casting by using centrifugal force of shallow solid or hollow bodies, e.g. wheels or rings, in moulds rotating around their axis of symmetry

Description

' Dec. 19, 1939. 2,184,257
PROCESS FOR MANUFACTURING CHILLED HOLLOW BALLS s.; NAKAGAWA Filed May 12, 19 38 m m w w.
Patented Dec. 19, 1939 it UNITED STATES PROCESS FOR MANUFACTURING CHILLED' I HOLLOW BALLS Shinsaku Nakagawa, Sapporo, Japan, assignor to Toyo Tokushu Imono Kabushiki Kaisha, Shimura, Itabashiku, Tokyo, Japan, a corporation of Japan Application May 12, 1938, Serial No. 207,580
1 Claim. (Cl. 22-200) The present invention relates to a process for manufacturing chilled hollow balls by centrifugal force and more particularly to a process by which molten metal charged in the spherical room of a mould is cast into a chilled hollow ball by centrifugal force due to the rotation of said mould.
In manufacturing a metal ball, especially a steel ball, it has been usual to manufacture at first a metal lump of irregular form by forging means and then grind it into a spherical form. This process requires, consequently, much trouble and time. a
After finishing by grinding and'polishing the chilled ball produced by this process it can be used as a bearing-ball or similar ball of uniform quality and high hardness.
According to. the present process, the molten metal charged in the mould is distributed over the spherical inside face of said mould by the centrifugal force, with the result that a hollow portion of spherical form is produced naturally in the molten metal so thatthe ball chilled from said metal becomes a hollow hard ball of smaller weight having its center of gravity not positioned excentrically. 'Consequently, the product by the present process is very suitable for use as a ball for hearing and other various purposes. Especially when this ball is used for a 108.11 mill, as the hardness of the surface portion of the ball is very uniform, it is worn equally all around its surface and when it is worn out to a certain length of the radius, i. e., to the unchilled portion, it may disintegrate naturally into pieces, so that it can be then removed conveniently from the drum of the ball-mill.
Another object of the present invention is to provide an apparatus carrying out the foregoing process conveniently and simply, that is, an apparatus, in which endless chain belts carrying many moulds rotatably thereby and'other endless belts cooperating with the above belts to rotate said moulds are so arranged that on the way of travelling from the molten-metal-supplying position to the ball-taking-out position the moulds are so rotated rapidly about their axes that the molten metal in each mould is subjected to the centrifugal force.
The invention possesses other objects and features of advantages,.some. of 'which with the foregoing will be set forth in the following description. In the following description and in the claim, parts will be identified by specific names for convenience, but they are intended to be .as generic in their application to similar parts as the art permit. In the accompanying drawing, the best embodiments of the invention known to the inventor have been illustrated, but such embodiments are to be regarded as typical only of many possible embodiments, 5 andthe invention is not limited thereto.
The novel features considered characteristics of the present invention are set forth with particularity in the appended claim. The invention itself, however, together with additional objects and. advantages thereofwill best be understood from the following description of specific embodiments when read in connection with the'accompanying drawing, in which:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of an embodiment of the mouldsuch as may be used in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a sectional side elevation of the same;
Fig. 3 is a sectional front elevation of the same, the one half thereof being cut away;
Fig. 4 is a partly sectional side elevation of an embodiment of the apparatus due to the invention, the intermediate portionthereof being cut away, and
Fig. 5a is a partial plan view of the apparatus, and
Fig. 5b is also a partial plan view of the same,
' chain belts thereof being partly cut away.
, Now, referring more particularly to the accompanying drawing, a metal mould consisting of two halves l and 2 which are jointed with each other by a pin 3 at their lower parts and which form a regular spherical cavity or room 4 when they are clamped together by hooks 5 of elastic metal shown as pivoted to the one half l of the mould is provided at its upper end with a tap 6' and tap holes I and also provided with trunnions 8 to which are fixed grooved wheels 9. When the molten metal is poured into the cavity '4 of the mould through the tap holes 'I the portion of said metal remainingin the narrow tap holes solidifies soon to blockade said holes. When the mould thus-charged with the molten metal is rotated rapidly about its axis, i. e., its trunnions 8, then the molten metal is dispersed toward-and solidified closely upon the surface of the cavity of the mould under the influence of the centrifugal force as well asthe chilling action, and at the same time produces a hollow portion therein to form a hollow chilled ball. This ball is then taken out-from the mould by disengaging the hooks 5 and swinging away the half 2 into the opening position as shown by suitable for various'using purposes.
One embodiment of an apparatus which can put into practice the foregoing process conveniently is illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5, wherein many moulds are carried rotatably by two parallel'endless chain belts Ill embracing two octagonal or other polygonal wheels ll, within the loop of which belts l two parallel endless belts I2 are arranged so as to drive the grooved wheels 9 of the moulds just travelling above said belts l2. The cycling directions of the belts I0 and [2 are made opposite to each other, that is, detennined in such a manner that when the belts I0 transport slowly the moulds, for example, in the direction of the arrow I3, then the belts l2 travel in the direction of the arrow I, so that the moulds above the belts H) are rotated rapidly about their trunnions 8. It will be noted that the belts I! embrace the grooved wheels l5 and are pressed against the grooves of the wheels 9 by small pulleys Hi When travelling above and between said pulleys.
Now, when the endless chain belts l0 and the endless belts [2 are cycled in the directions shown by the arrows I3 and I4, respectively, and each of the moulds is charged with the molten metal in the place A, then the molten metal remaining in the narrow holes I is cooled down and solidified to blockade said holes before the mould reaches the place B, and during travelling from the place B to the place C the mould is rotated rapidly by the endless belts l2, so that the molten metal therein is slungand distributed closely upon theinside surface of the cavity 4 by the centrifugal force to form a hollow ball. The mould, when reaching the place D, is opened and the ball is taken out therefrom. The opened mould travels thereafter around the wheel II to the slack (lower) side of the belt II], where it is again closed tightly, and the closed mould, travelling around the wheel I0, is charged repeatedly with the molten metal in the place A. Thus, the operation of the apparatus is repeated. In the foregoing embodiments, although the mould is adapted to rotate about a horizontal axis only, the viscosity of the molten metal and the diffiusibility of air enable the molten metal under the influence of the centrifugal force to form a chilled ball with an approximately regular spherical hollow portion. However, if the mould is rotated simultaneously about the horizontal axis as well as about the vertical axis, the spherical hollow portion would have a still more regular form.
Although I have described two specific embodiments of the invention, it will be apparent that various changes, additions, modifications and substitutions can be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention or the scope of the appended claim.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
A process for manufacturing chilled hollow balls by centrifugal force, comprising pouring molten metal into a spherical inner room of a metal mould which consists of two halves pivotally jointedwith each other and provided with cavities to form said room, tap and tap hole or holes, blockading the tap hole or holes of said mould with the portion of said molten metal cooled down therein, and solidifying the molten metal in the mould while rotating said mould rapidly about an axis, so that the content in the mould is changed into a surface-chilled ball having a hollow portion therein.
SHINSAKU NAKAGAWA.
US207580A 1938-05-12 1938-05-12 Process for manufacturing chilled hollow balls Expired - Lifetime US2184257A (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2465819A (en) * 1945-03-19 1949-03-29 George A Rubissow Mechanism for centrifugal casting
US2570325A (en) * 1948-02-20 1951-10-09 Dalton Lester Frank Centrifugal casting machine
US4662430A (en) * 1986-02-07 1987-05-05 Trendov Asparough O Apparatus with hydraulic arms for continuously sizing, preforming or casting
US4662428A (en) * 1986-02-07 1987-05-05 Trendov Asparough O Method and apparatus for continuously sizing, preforming or casting
US9457398B2 (en) 2011-06-10 2016-10-04 Jean-Paul Ciardullo Spherical centrifuge

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2465819A (en) * 1945-03-19 1949-03-29 George A Rubissow Mechanism for centrifugal casting
US2570325A (en) * 1948-02-20 1951-10-09 Dalton Lester Frank Centrifugal casting machine
US4662430A (en) * 1986-02-07 1987-05-05 Trendov Asparough O Apparatus with hydraulic arms for continuously sizing, preforming or casting
US4662428A (en) * 1986-02-07 1987-05-05 Trendov Asparough O Method and apparatus for continuously sizing, preforming or casting
WO1987004648A1 (en) * 1986-02-07 1987-08-13 Oscar Trendov Method and apparatus for continuous casting using plural molds
US9457398B2 (en) 2011-06-10 2016-10-04 Jean-Paul Ciardullo Spherical centrifuge
US10507519B2 (en) 2011-06-10 2019-12-17 Jean-Paul Ciardullo Method of casting hollow vacuum spheres
US10814380B2 (en) 2011-06-10 2020-10-27 Jean-Paul Ciardullo Method of casting gradient density spheres

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