US2167467A - Means and method for treating periodontal diseases - Google Patents

Means and method for treating periodontal diseases Download PDF

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US2167467A
US2167467A US9508936A US2167467A US 2167467 A US2167467 A US 2167467A US 9508936 A US9508936 A US 9508936A US 2167467 A US2167467 A US 2167467A
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holder
model
up
heat
strip
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James L Sisson
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James L Sisson
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C19/00Dental auxiliary appliances
    • A61C19/06Implements for therapeutic treatment
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S100/00Presses
    • Y10S100/903Pelleters
    • Y10S100/907Rotary

Description

Jly 25 1939- J. L, slss-:ON

MEANS AND METHOD FOR THEATlNG PERIODONTAL DISEASES 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 July 25, 1939. 1 L 5|$50N 2,167,467

' MEANS AND METHOD FOR TREATNG PERIODONTAL DISEASES Filed Aug. l0, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented July 25, 1939 UNITED STTES ATENT OFFICE MEANS AND METHOD FOR TREATING PERODONTAL DISEASES James L. Sisson, Earle, Ark.

Application August 10, 1936, Serial No. v95,089

9 Claims.

' This invention relates to means and methods for treating and clearing up periodontal diseased conditions and has particular reference to a method of treating .pyorrhea or other diseased 5;; conditions of the gums and tissues which surround the teeth and to the means by which the method is carried out.

The objects of they invention are to provide a method of treating and clearing up diseased conditions of the gums and periodontal tissues by the application of heat thereto and to provide means by which the method of treatment may be carried out.

The means by which the foregoing and other :objects are accomplished and the manner of their accomplishment, will readily be understood from the following specification on reference'to the accompanying drawings, in which- Fig. 1 is a plan View, partially in section, showing the completed device ready for insertion in the mouth and diagrammatically showing the heating circuit and control.

Figs. 2 and 3 are fragmentary sectional plans showing progressive steps in the preparation of Y the device.

Fig. ,4 is a sectional elevation taken as on the line IV-IV of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is an enlarged section taken taken as on the line V-V of Fig. 3; and

Fig. 6 an identical section showing a. further step in the preparation of the device.

Fig. '7 is a plan View showing substantially the final step; and

Fig. 8 an enlarged sectional elevation taken on the line XIII- XIII of Fig. 7.

Fig. 9 is a slightly enlarged elevation of a specific form of holder strip with heating element attached.

tissue surrounding the roots of these teeth or the :same parts of an exact model prepared in usual and well known Vmanner from such teeth and I2 are flat strips of paraffin or other simgums.

ilar wax of uniform thickness and which may be rendered pliable by the application of a small l, amount vof heat.

I3 is a holder comprising a (Cl. 12S- 402) readily be conformed and/or distorted to desired contour or shape and which has been shaped into such holder. I4 is a heating element of wire surrounded by a protecting layer of insulating material such as` asbestos, this heating element preferably being formed by tightly wrapping a fine, current-resisting wire with a soft cord of asbestos bre and coating and consolidating the structure thus prepared with heat resisting varnish or cement. I6 is a specially prepared heat transferring material, which may be plastic, but is stable at treating temperatures.

Il is an insulating covering such as sheet as-v bestos applied over the metal holder I3. I8 is a thermometer which is inserted through an opening I9 formed through the holder. 20 is a cable carrying current Awires 2I, 22 which are respectively connectedl to the two ends IdA, MB, of the heating elements I4 and which lead to a current control apparatus vdiagrammatically illustrated herein as a variable auto-transformer 23, one of the current Wires, as the wire 2| being connected through a variable tap 24, to the coil 25 of the transformer. 26 is a control switch and 2l a power circuit.

In Figs. 9 to 14, a modified form of holder strip is shown. This modified strip comprises a continuous central portion ISA of thin, soft metal such as copper, having integral fingers ISB, projecting from opposite sides thereof, and preferably having at intervals, lugs I3C in pairs, bent inward substantially at right angles to this strip and fingers, these lugs being adapted to receive a continuous heating element I4A as in Fig. 11, and to be bent together around this element as in Fig. 12 and Fig. 9.

In carrying out my invention an impression is taken, in usual and Well known manner, of the jaw, including primarily the teeth I0 and the gum structures II which are to be treated, and from this impression the usual model of plaster or other investment material is made.

After this model has hardened and set, a line (not here shown) is drawn along the model around both the inside and outside thereof indicating the center line of the zone along which heat treatment is to be applied. A sheet of paraffin wax, usually about one-sixteenth of an inch in thickness, is cut into strips usually three-eighths to one-half of an inch in width. One of these strips is then softened as by heating in warm Water, and is carefully laid around and'conformed to the contour and surface of the gum structure II and v portions ofthe teeth I0 asindicated by the inner of the layers I2 in Figs. 2 and 5, the center of this strip preferably being laid along the line marked on the model. Additional wax strips are then successively heated added and conformed, three in all, usually being used, to form a build-up of uniform thickness entirely around both the inside and outside of the gum tissues as reflected in the model. Usually at the back end of the teeth, that is around the wisdom teeth, the strips as shown in Fig. 4, have to be considerably reduced in width.

After the wax build-up is completed, the metal strip is conformed carefully in shape to the buildup. This is begun by placing the center of the strip lengthways at the point 30 (Fig. 3) and conforming the strip in both directions from such point along the build-up until the ends of the strip meet and overlay at 3|. 'Ihis point is marked on both ends of the strip, the strip removed both ends cut, and the overlay 32, preferably not over 13T, soldered. Holes 33, in some cases notches, are then formed in the strip, adjacent the over-lap, to permit the ends of the heating element I4 to extend therethrough, and on one side, the opening I9 is formed to permit insertion of the thermometer I8.

After the strip has been soldered and the holes formed therein, the holder thus formed is preferably again placed over the wax build-up and reconformed thereto. After such check up and reconformation, the holder is removed and the heating element is placed along the inside of the strip, following the center longitudinal line, and the two ends allowed to project through the holes 33, the element being secured to the holder as by heat resisting cement. Should it be desired to give nal check up on shape the outer of the -wax strips I2 may be removed from the build-up leaving two only as shown in Fig. 6 and the holder be replaced as there shown.

quite plastic, is molded between the gum-tooth structure Ii), II and the surrounding holder I3, and allowed to cool and set, care being taken to form therein a hole for the thermometer I8, this being accomplished by the thermometer itself if it will stand the temperature necessary to place the wax. After completion surplus portions of the heat transfer material may be cut away as along the dotted lines 40 of Fig. 8.

The procedure is largely the same in using the modified form of strip I3A shown in Fig. 9, except that only such number of the wax strips I2 are placed as are necessary to establish the thickness of heat transfer material desired between the heating element and the gums and the holder strip with the heating elements attached thereto is shaped directly on these layers this being substantially in accord with the showing in Fig. 6 of the drawings. The holder strip is shaped as before, except that the individual fingers may be more easily bent inward and outward than would be the edges of a solid strip. After forming the strip into a holder the steps of completing the device are substantially as hereinbefore described.

After being connected up the structure is placed in the patients mouth and if proper care has been used, will conform exactly to the surface of the gums 'to be treated, and in so conforming .".will position` the heating element I4 in proper relation to the parts to be treated, and at a uniform distance therefrom,

With the thermometer inserted the variable transformer tap 24 is set at its lowest point, the switch 26 is closed and the heating element allowed to heat up, thereby slowly raising the temperature of the heat transfer material. As this material responds to the heating of the element successive increments of the transformer coil are cut in and the temperature is built up until the entire heat transfer mass attains the desired treating temperature usually approximately 130 degrees Fahrenheit, though in some cases higher or even lower temperatures may be used. After the desired temperature is reached, treatment is continued for such length of time as may be deemed necessary. In mild cases as short a time as 30 minutes appears possible; ordinarily however, about an hour has been found satisfactory, though in stubborn or advanced cases as much as three hours has been found advantageous and without harmful effect. When the desired length of the treatment has been had, the current is cut off and the holder with the heat transfer material and other parts is removed.

It will be understood then that for minor treatments thirty minutes may be su'icient, while in advanced cases much more time will be required.

What I claim is:

l. The method of treating periodontal diseases, which comprises conforming a heat transferring material of uniform thickness closely against the tissues to be treated, applying heat at the uniform distance from the tissues thus established, and raising the temperature of such material slowly from body temperature to between 120 and 140 degrees Fahrenheit and maintaining such temperature for at least thirty minutes.

2. The method of treating periodontal diseases, which comprises conforming a. plastic heat transferring material of uniform thickness closely against the tissues to be treated applying heat at the uniform distance from the tissues thus established, shielding adjacent parts against direct transfer of heat, raising the temperature of such heat transferring material slowly from body temperature to approximately 130 degrees Fahrenheit, and maintaining such latter temperature for at least thirty minutes.

3. The method for heat treating periodontal tissues, which includes preparing a model of the teeth and the tissues therearound to be treated, establishing around such model in the zone to be treated, a build-up of uniform thickness, shaping and conforming a metal strip around said build-up and forming said strip into a holder, removing said holder and said build-up, securing a heating element against the tissue-proximate surface of said removed holder, substantially along the center of the zone of treatment, replacing said holder and centering same on said model, and establishing between said holder and the heat treating element thereon a heat-transferring material of inherently uniform thickness, and connecting said heating element through a current control device to a source of electric current; and thereafter placing said device in the mouth from which said model was made, and establishing current flow to create and maintain a temperature of about 130 degrees F. for at least thirty minutes.

4. The method for heat treating periodontal tissues, which includes preparing a model of the teeth and the tissues therearound to be treated,

establishing around such model in the zone to be treated, a build-up of uniform thickness, shaping and conforming a metal strip around said build-up and forming said strip into a holder, removing said holder and said build-up, securing a heating element against the tissueproximate surface of said removed holder, substantially along the center of the Zone of treatment, replacing said holder and centering same on said model, and establishing between said holder and the heat treating element thereon a heat-transferring material of inherently uniform thickness, covering the exterior of said holder with insulating material, and connecting said heating element through a current control device to a source of electric current; and thereafter placing said device in the mouth from which said model was made and establishing current flow to create and maintain a temperature substantially between and 140 degrees F. for at least thirty minutes.

5. A method for heat treating periodontal tissues, which includes preparing a model of the teeth and the tissues therearound to be treated, establishing around such model in the zone to be treated, a build-up of uniform thickness, forming a holder around said build-up, removing said holder and said build-up, securing a heating element against the tissue proximate surface of said removed holder, substantially along the center of the zone of treatment, replacing said holder and centering same on said model, and establishing between said holder and the heat treating element thereon a heat-transferring material of inherently uniform thickness, and connecting said heating element through a current control device to a source of electric current; and thereafter placing said device in the mouth from which said model was made, and establishing current flow to create and maintain a temperature substantially between 120 and 140 degrees F. for at least thirty minutes.

6. The method for heat treating periodontal tissues, which includes preparing a model of the teeth and the tissues therearound to be treated, establishing around such model in the Zone to be treated, a build-up of uniform thickness, forming an insulated holder around said build-up, removing said holder and said build-up, securing a heating element against the tissue proximate surface of said removed holder, substantially along the center of the zone of treatment, replacing said holder and centering same on said model, and establishing between said holder and the heat treating element thereon a heat transferring material of inherently uniform thickness, and connecting said heating element through a current control device to a source of electric current; and thereafter placing said device in the mouth from which said model was made and establishing current flow to create and maintain a temperature substantially between 120 and 140 degrees F. for at least thirty minutes.

'7. A method for heat treating periodontal tissues, which includes preparing a model of the teeth and the tissues therearound to be treated, establishing around said model in the zone to be treated, a build-up of uniform thickness, forming a holder about said build-up and securing a heating element along the inner surface of said holder, removing said build-up from said model and holder, replacing and centering said holder on said model, and establishing between said holder and the heating element secured thereto, a heat transferring material inherently separating said element a uniform distance from said model, and connecting said element through a current control device to a source of electric current; and subsequently placing said device in the mouth from which said model was made, and establishing current flow to create and maintain a temperature substantially between 120 and 140 degrees F. for at least thirty minutes.

8. A method for heat treating periodontal tissues, which includes preparing a model of the teeth and the tissues therearound to be treated, establishing around said model in the Zone to be treated, a build-up, forming a holder around said build-up, securing a heating element along the inner surface of said holder, replacing said buildup with a heat transferring material of inherently uniform. thickness, and connecting said heating element through a current control device with a source of electric current; and subsequently replacing said device in the mouth from which said model was made and establishing current fiow to create and maintain a temperature substantially between 120 and 140 degrees F. for at least thirty minutes.

9. The method of treating periodontal diseases which includes making a model of the teeth and gums which are to be treated, conforming to the model along the zone in which treatment is to be applied, a layer of heat transfer material of uniform thickness, securing against said layer substantially along the center line of said zone, an electric heating coil and intimately securing vsaid coil to said heat transfer material, removing the unit thus established from said model and placing said unit on the teeth and gums from which said model was made, restablishing current flow-through said coil to vcreate a temperature of approximately degrees Fahrenheit and maintaining such temperature for at least thirty minutes.

JAMES L. SISSON.

US2167467A 1936-08-10 1936-08-10 Means and method for treating periodontal diseases Expired - Lifetime US2167467A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE742277C (en) * 1939-12-21 1943-11-26 Dr Ludwig Horvath enveloping coat teeth adapted from one of the shape of a jaw for massaging the gums frame made of resistant material having a teeth and gums, elastic insert
US3439681A (en) * 1966-10-31 1969-04-22 Surgical Eng & Research Corp Cooling apparatus for dental anesthetization
US3467104A (en) * 1966-10-31 1969-09-16 Surgical Eng & Research Corp Method and apparatus for dental anesthetization
US4108146A (en) * 1977-05-16 1978-08-22 Theodore Alan Golden Bendable thermal pack unit
US4983122A (en) * 1989-03-03 1991-01-08 Mitnick Neal I Dental compress
US6102705A (en) * 1997-11-22 2000-08-15 Darnell; Daniel Henry Heated dental tray
US6254391B1 (en) * 1997-11-22 2001-07-03 Daniel Henry Darnell Device for heating the teeth and uses therefor
US6497575B2 (en) 2000-03-27 2002-12-24 Peter D. Zavitsanos System and method for whitening teeth
US20030036037A1 (en) * 2000-03-27 2003-02-20 Zavitsanos Peter D. System and method for whitening teeth
US20070259316A1 (en) * 2006-05-08 2007-11-08 Tyrell, Inc. Treatment device and method for treating or preventing periodontal disease through application of heat
US20080008978A1 (en) * 2006-05-08 2008-01-10 Tyrell, Inc. Treatment device and method for treating or preventing periodontal disease through application of heat

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE742277C (en) * 1939-12-21 1943-11-26 Dr Ludwig Horvath enveloping coat teeth adapted from one of the shape of a jaw for massaging the gums frame made of resistant material having a teeth and gums, elastic insert
US3439681A (en) * 1966-10-31 1969-04-22 Surgical Eng & Research Corp Cooling apparatus for dental anesthetization
US3467104A (en) * 1966-10-31 1969-09-16 Surgical Eng & Research Corp Method and apparatus for dental anesthetization
US4108146A (en) * 1977-05-16 1978-08-22 Theodore Alan Golden Bendable thermal pack unit
US4983122A (en) * 1989-03-03 1991-01-08 Mitnick Neal I Dental compress
US6102705A (en) * 1997-11-22 2000-08-15 Darnell; Daniel Henry Heated dental tray
US6254391B1 (en) * 1997-11-22 2001-07-03 Daniel Henry Darnell Device for heating the teeth and uses therefor
US6340301B2 (en) 1997-11-22 2002-01-22 Daniel Henry Darnell Device for heating the teeth and uses therefor
US6497575B2 (en) 2000-03-27 2002-12-24 Peter D. Zavitsanos System and method for whitening teeth
US20030036037A1 (en) * 2000-03-27 2003-02-20 Zavitsanos Peter D. System and method for whitening teeth
US20070259316A1 (en) * 2006-05-08 2007-11-08 Tyrell, Inc. Treatment device and method for treating or preventing periodontal disease through application of heat
US20080008978A1 (en) * 2006-05-08 2008-01-10 Tyrell, Inc. Treatment device and method for treating or preventing periodontal disease through application of heat

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