US2167424A - Pipe or tube making - Google Patents

Pipe or tube making Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2167424A
US2167424A US198784A US19878438A US2167424A US 2167424 A US2167424 A US 2167424A US 198784 A US198784 A US 198784A US 19878438 A US19878438 A US 19878438A US 2167424 A US2167424 A US 2167424A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
mandrel
bar
pipe
valve
plug
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US198784A
Inventor
Edward J Novack
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
National Tube Co
Original Assignee
National Tube Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by National Tube Co filed Critical National Tube Co
Priority to US198784A priority Critical patent/US2167424A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2167424A publication Critical patent/US2167424A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21BROLLING OF METAL
    • B21B25/00Mandrels for metal tube rolling mills, e.g. mandrels of the types used in the methods covered by group B21B17/00; Accessories or auxiliary means therefor ; Construction of, or alloys for, mandrels or plugs
    • B21B25/04Cooling or lubricating mandrels during operation

Description

July' 25, 1939- E. J. NovAcK 2,167,424
PIPE 0R TUBE MAKING Filed March 29, 1938 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 medo:
50m/Me J @Vga-K, @f i g A? War/nega.
July 25, 1939. E, J, NOVACK 2,167,424
' PIPE on TUBE MAKING Filed March 29, 1938 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 FIGB- l y/ l5 /l/J v/ @/Z i f,
v v 113.4.' [i y1? 1 la a I: I
EDWED J No1/KICK,
Patented July 25, 1939 PATENT oFFlcE PIPE on. TUBE MAKING Edward J. Novack, .McKeesport, Pa., assigner to National Tube Company, a corporation of New Jersey Application March 29, 1938, Serial No. 198,784
3 Claims.
axial rolling process the need for lubricating theinterior surface of the Wall of said work-piece during its formation, at-the surfaces of contact between the mandrel-plug and the work-piece, `is Well known. I have found that the best method of such lubrication is by depositing a lm of carbon by the partial combustion of a solid orv liquid material containing carbon, such as oil or coal dust. This'can be effected in the working zone of the mill, as there is not sufficient oxygen to permit complete combustion of the oil or other lubricant used although the temperature is very high.
It is accordingly an object of the present invention to provide an improved apparatus for lubricating the mandrel-plug of a pipe or tube mill.
It is another object of the present invention to 25 provide an improved apparatus for lubricating the piercing-point of -a pipe or tube mill.
.It is afurther object of my invention to provide an improved apparatus of the class described which is Vcontinuous and automatic.
The foregoing and further objects will be appare'nt after referring to the drawings, in which:
Figures 1 and 1 are composite longitudinal sectional elevations of the apparatus of the invention;
Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view of part of the apparatus of Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a fragmentary sectional view of the apparatus oi' my invention operating on a previously pierced or hollow billet; and
Figure 4 is a fragmentary sectional view of the apparatus of my invention as used for reeling aipreviously pierced and elongated tubular workp ece. In the drawings the letter A designates a pair 45 to pierce and elongate a billet B by drawing it over the mandrel-plug or piercing-point C of the apparatus of my invention. 'I'he numeral 2 designates a mandrel-bar having a bar-cap 3 at its outer end. Disposed on the bar-cap 3 is the piercing-point C. This piercing-point C has a bore 5 therein extending from the rear thereof to a point adjacent the tip 6, and may have a chamber 1 therein. A recess V8 around the periphery of said'piercing-point is provided adof power-actuated metal-working rolls adapted jacent the tip 6 and communicates with the bore 5 by means of ports 9 so that a lubricant supplied to the piercing-point C will be delivered through the bore 5 and ports 9 tov the inner surface of the billet B and the exterior of the piercing- 5 point.
The piercing-point C is reciprocabiy disposed on the forwardly extending portion I I of the barcap 3 and has a rearwardly extending central portion I2 adapted to extend into the bore I4 10 of the bar-cap 3, the bore providing, at this point, a valve chamber I5. Within the valve chamber I5 there is disposed a valve I6 and its spring I'i which normally holds the valve in closedposition against the valve-seat I8. When in this position the piercing-point C is pushed forwardly by reason of the engagement of the valve I6 with its rearwardly extending central portion I2.
Concentrically disposed Within the vmandrel- 4bar 2 are telescoped pipes I9 and 20. The inner pipe I9 is in communication with the bore I 4 in the bar-cap 3 and the outer pipe 20 is open at its forward end, as shown at 2I. The rear end 22 of the mandrel-bar 2 is connected by a coupler 25 25 to a thrust-spindle 26 disposed Within a thrust-bearing 21, the latter being secured Within a housing 28 in the mandrel-bar carriage 3l). 'I'he mandrel-bar carriage 30 is held in its Working position by the usual latch 3l and is mov- 30' @able toward and away from the metal-working rolls A in the conventional manner by means of a cable .32.
The concentrically disposed telescoped pipes I9 and 29 extend through the coupler 25 and the 35 thrust-spindle 26. The inner pipe i9 is connected to a supply 3 5 of lubricant 36 which is under pressure. The outer pipe 20 is connected to a suitable source of cooling fluid to deliver said fluid to the interior of the mandrel-bar 2. 40
This uid is exhausted from the interior of the mandrel-bar 2 around pipe 20 through the outlet 38.
According to the foregoing, it will be seen that, in operation, the lubricant 36 is delivered under 45 pressure through the pipe I9 and thence through the bore I4 to the valve chamber I5. When the billet Bis forced into contact with the piercing-point C it opens the valve I6 by reason of.
the engagement of the rearwardly extending cenl tral portion I2 of the piercing-point with the .valve I6, thereby permittingvthe lubricant to ilow into the recess 9 and, by .reason oi' the high temperature of the billet and the lack of oxygen, incomplete combustion takes places, there- 56 by depositing a. illm of carbon on the inner surface of the billet B. When the billet B has entirely passed over the piercing-point C the supply of lubricant to the point will be automatically shut off by the valve-spring Il forcing the piercing-point C forwardly and closing the valve In Figures 3 and 4, I have shown the application of the apparatus o my invention to the .second-piercing and reeling" operations, re-
spectively. As shown in Figure 3, a previously pierced or hollow billet B is subjected to further substantial wall reduction while in Figure 4, a previously pierced and elongated work-piece B is being reeled"`i. e. subjected to a wall smoothing operation without any substantial Wall reduction. The mandrel-plug C and the balance of the apparatus is substantially the same as previously described.
While I have shown and described a specic embodiment of mv invention, it will be understood that I do not wish to be limited exactly thereto, since various modifications may be. made without departing from the scope of my invention, as dened by the following claims.
I claim:
1. In a. pipe or tube mill, a mandrel-bar, a mandrel-plug reciprocably mounted on the forward end of said mandrel-bar, said mandrel-bar having a valve chamber in its forward end, a valve in said valve chamber, said valve being normally spring-biased into closed position, an extension on the r'ear of said mandrel-plug which is operable to open said valve by the feeding movement of a work-piece into the mill, a tube extending through said mandrel-bar and opening into said valve chamber, said mandrel-plug having a bore in communication with said valve chamber when said valve is in open position, the tip of said mandrel-plug having at least one passageway extending from said ,bore to its pe riphery, and means for delivering a lubricant to said tube.
2. In a pipe or tube mill, a mandrel-bar, a tapered mandrel-plug reciprocably mounted on the forward end of said mandrel-bar, said mandrel-bar having a valve chamber in its forward end, a valve in said valve chamber, said valve being normally spring-biased into closed position, an extension on the rear of said tapered mandrel-plug which is operable to open said valveby the feeding movement of a billet into the mill, a tube extending through said manldrel-bar and opening into said valve chamber,
said tapered mandrel-plug having a bore in communication with said valve chamber when said valve is in open position, the tip of said tapered mandrel-plug having at least one passageway extending from said bore to its periphery, and means for delivering a lubricant to said tube.
3. In a pipe or tube mill, a mandrelbar, a mandrel-plug reciprocably mounted on the forward end of said mandrel-bar, said mandrel-bar having a passageway, means for delivering a lubricant to the passageway cf said mandrel-bar, said mandrel-plug having a passageway which communicates with the passageway of said mandrel bar and extends to the periphery of said mandrel-plug, and means for controlling the ow of lubricant through the passageway of said mandrel-plug, said means being operable by the reciprocation of said mandrel-plug on the forward end of said mandrel-bar.
, l@WARD J. NOVACK.
US198784A 1938-03-29 1938-03-29 Pipe or tube making Expired - Lifetime US2167424A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US198784A US2167424A (en) 1938-03-29 1938-03-29 Pipe or tube making

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US198784A US2167424A (en) 1938-03-29 1938-03-29 Pipe or tube making

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2167424A true US2167424A (en) 1939-07-25

Family

ID=22734827

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US198784A Expired - Lifetime US2167424A (en) 1938-03-29 1938-03-29 Pipe or tube making

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2167424A (en)

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2791924A (en) * 1951-08-25 1957-05-14 Babcock & Wilcox Co Rotary piercing processes
US2919741A (en) * 1955-09-22 1960-01-05 Blaw Knox Co Cold pipe expanding apparatus
US2930265A (en) * 1956-02-29 1960-03-29 Western Electric Co Lubricating apparatus
US2962078A (en) * 1956-07-16 1960-11-29 Calumet & Hecla Method of and apparatus for producing corrugated tubing
US3120139A (en) * 1960-04-21 1964-02-04 Innocenti Soc Generale Cooled mandrel for continuous tube rolling mills
US3160036A (en) * 1958-08-29 1964-12-08 Lockheed Aircraft Corp Roll-forming mill
US3392565A (en) * 1965-02-15 1968-07-16 Blaw Knox Co Manufacture of seamless tubing
US3394568A (en) * 1964-09-09 1968-07-30 Contubind Sa Apparatus for rolling seamless tubes
US3452584A (en) * 1965-12-24 1969-07-01 Ti Group Services Ltd Mandrels for use in the production of tubes
US3918284A (en) * 1973-04-20 1975-11-11 Youngstown Sheet And Tube Co Seamless tube mill piercer mandrel and assembly
US4022047A (en) * 1976-05-04 1977-05-10 Aetna-Standard Engineering Company Hose reel for piercer and reeler outlet tables
US4370879A (en) * 1980-08-26 1983-02-01 Kopysky Boris D Method for manufacturing a piercing mandrel
US4703639A (en) * 1986-05-12 1987-11-03 Fuchs Jr Francis J Apparatus and process for forced lubrication piercing
FR2659576A1 (en) * 1990-03-19 1991-09-20 Prunier Robert NEEDLE FOR EXTRUSION SPINNING.
DE19636321C1 (en) * 1996-08-29 1997-11-20 Mannesmann Ag Method for prolonging working life of internally cooled piercers
WO1999033588A1 (en) * 1997-12-23 1999-07-08 Mannesmann Ag Method and device for descaling pipes
US20120210761A1 (en) * 2009-03-03 2012-08-23 Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd. Plug, Piercing-Rolling Mill, and Method of Producing Seamless Tube by Using the Same

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2791924A (en) * 1951-08-25 1957-05-14 Babcock & Wilcox Co Rotary piercing processes
US2919741A (en) * 1955-09-22 1960-01-05 Blaw Knox Co Cold pipe expanding apparatus
US2930265A (en) * 1956-02-29 1960-03-29 Western Electric Co Lubricating apparatus
US2962078A (en) * 1956-07-16 1960-11-29 Calumet & Hecla Method of and apparatus for producing corrugated tubing
US3160036A (en) * 1958-08-29 1964-12-08 Lockheed Aircraft Corp Roll-forming mill
US3120139A (en) * 1960-04-21 1964-02-04 Innocenti Soc Generale Cooled mandrel for continuous tube rolling mills
US3577754A (en) * 1964-09-09 1971-05-04 Albert H Calmes Process and apparatus for rolling seamless tubes
US3394568A (en) * 1964-09-09 1968-07-30 Contubind Sa Apparatus for rolling seamless tubes
US3392565A (en) * 1965-02-15 1968-07-16 Blaw Knox Co Manufacture of seamless tubing
DE1652535A1 (en) * 1965-02-15 1971-09-02 Blaw Knox Co Method and device for cooling the mandrel of a pipe rolling mill to be inserted into the blank
US3452584A (en) * 1965-12-24 1969-07-01 Ti Group Services Ltd Mandrels for use in the production of tubes
US3918284A (en) * 1973-04-20 1975-11-11 Youngstown Sheet And Tube Co Seamless tube mill piercer mandrel and assembly
US4022047A (en) * 1976-05-04 1977-05-10 Aetna-Standard Engineering Company Hose reel for piercer and reeler outlet tables
US4370879A (en) * 1980-08-26 1983-02-01 Kopysky Boris D Method for manufacturing a piercing mandrel
US4703639A (en) * 1986-05-12 1987-11-03 Fuchs Jr Francis J Apparatus and process for forced lubrication piercing
FR2659576A1 (en) * 1990-03-19 1991-09-20 Prunier Robert NEEDLE FOR EXTRUSION SPINNING.
WO1991014519A1 (en) * 1990-03-19 1991-10-03 Robert Prunier Extrusion mandrel
DE19636321C1 (en) * 1996-08-29 1997-11-20 Mannesmann Ag Method for prolonging working life of internally cooled piercers
WO1999033588A1 (en) * 1997-12-23 1999-07-08 Mannesmann Ag Method and device for descaling pipes
US20120210761A1 (en) * 2009-03-03 2012-08-23 Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd. Plug, Piercing-Rolling Mill, and Method of Producing Seamless Tube by Using the Same
US8544306B2 (en) * 2009-03-03 2013-10-01 Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation Plug, piercing-rolling mill, and method of producing seamless tube by using the same

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
TW579315B (en) Multi spindle machine tool, and method optimizing the flow rate of coolant mist of each spindle thereof
US2286191A (en) Mineral piercing and cutting
US1983840A (en) Compression coupling
US2861780A (en) Means for cooling the cutters of drill bits
US2671262A (en) Roll
US2406059A (en) Process of spinning hollow articles
US3870431A (en) Cutter for plastic pipe and drilling tool
US3240225A (en) Selecting and purging apparatus
US3367011A (en) Tube-pulling device
US1978452A (en) Method of making pipe fittings
GB760812A (en) Method of cutting metals using carbon dioxide as coolant
US3394568A (en) Apparatus for rolling seamless tubes
US1896674A (en) Wire drawing apparatus
US3526115A (en) Drawing of materials through reducing dies
US4168925A (en) Device for boring out tubes with coolant liquid injection
US2104819A (en) Roller boring drill
JP2002239870A (en) Main spindle device for machine tool
US3126214A (en) Lip fou
GB1389043A (en) Method of and apparatus for cold drawing metal tubes
US2701002A (en) Apparatus for making pipe couplings or fixtures
US2857789A (en) Power operated tool with controlled power feed
US1502851A (en) Magazine rotary drill bit
US2104319A (en) Manufacture of rifled tubes
DE102015217707A1 (en) Machine tool spindle device
US2670225A (en) Lubricator device