US2166746A - Overhead operating garage door construction - Google Patents

Overhead operating garage door construction Download PDF

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Publication number
US2166746A
US2166746A US153030A US15303037A US2166746A US 2166746 A US2166746 A US 2166746A US 153030 A US153030 A US 153030A US 15303037 A US15303037 A US 15303037A US 2166746 A US2166746 A US 2166746A
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United States
Prior art keywords
door
track
guide
auxiliary
position
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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US153030A
Inventor
Harry H Bartel
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Huck Gerhardt Company Inc
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Priority to US153030A priority Critical patent/US2166746A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05BLOCKS; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR; HANDCUFFS
    • E05B65/00Locks or fastenings for special use
    • E05B65/0021Locks or fastenings for special use for overhead or roll-up doors, e.g. garage doors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D15/00Suspension arrangements for wings
    • E05D15/16Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding vertically more or less in their own plane
    • E05D15/24Suspension arrangements for wings for wings sliding vertically more or less in their own plane consisting of parts connected at their edges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D13/00Accessories for sliding or lifting wings, e.g. pulleys, safety catches
    • E05D13/10Counterbalance devices
    • E05D13/12Counterbalance devices with springs
    • E05D13/1207Counterbalance devices with springs with tension springs
    • E05D13/1215Counterbalance devices with springs with tension springs specially adapted for overhead wings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05FDEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION; CHECKS FOR WINGS; WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05F5/00Braking devices, e.g. checks; Stops; Buffers
    • E05F5/003Braking devices, e.g. checks; Stops; Buffers for sliding wings
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05YINDEXING SCHEME RELATING TO HINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS AND DEVICES FOR MOVING WINGS INTO OPEN OR CLOSED POSITION, CHECKS FOR WINGS AND WING FITTINGS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, CONCERNED WITH THE FUNCTIONING OF THE WING
    • E05Y2900/00Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof
    • E05Y2900/10Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof
    • E05Y2900/106Application of doors, windows, wings or fittings thereof for buildings or parts thereof for garages
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S16/00Miscellaneous hardware, e.g. bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance
    • Y10S16/20Door brakes, e.g. track or guideway

Description

July 18, 1939. H. HA BARTEL OVERHEAD OPERATlNG GRAGE DOOR CONSTRUCTION Filed July lO, 1957 Patented July 18, 1939 APATENT .oFF'lcE OVERHEAD OPERATING GARAGE DOOR CONSTRUCTION Han-y n. partei, Philadelphia, Pa., signor to Huck-Gerhardt Company, Inc., Philadelphia,

Application July 10, 1937, Serial No. 153,030

` 7 Claims. (Cl. 20--20) This invention relates to an overhead operating garage door construction, and has for its primary object the design and co-relation of a plurality of devices, whereby the door, upon reaching its closed position, will be automatically locked, but is capable of being manually released,

and when the door approaches and finally'` reaches its fully open position, it will be retarded in its sliding action, thereby greatly increasing the silent action of the door and greatly reducing the shock to which parts of overhead operating types of door structures are subjected.

An object of the invention resides in the combination and co-relation of a manually operated releasing device and an automatically operated retarding device, the first functioning to hold the door in closed, locked position, and the latter` functioning as a bumper, or retarding device, as the door reaches its nal open position.

, A feature of the invention resides in the novel design of the 'component parts of the retarding device, whereby the door will automatically be subjected to a yieldable, retarding action as the same approaches its final open position.

Another object of the invention resides in the inclined relation of the auxiliary track with the main track, and the arrangement of the bumper springs, whereby the door is not only subjected to a yieldable bumper action when approaching its nal open position, but is also subjected to a retarding action.

With these and other objects in View, the invention will be better understood from the iollowing detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing, wherein:

' Figure l is a vertical sectional view of my improved door construction in closed position.

Figure 2 is a View similar to Figure 1, showing the door approaching its nal open position.

Figure 3 is a large side elevation of the retarding device.

Figure 4 is a cross sectional view on line d--A of Figure 3.

Again referring to the drawing, illustrating one of the many constructions of my invention, the numeral I designates a door frame forming a door opening 2. 'Ihe door 3 for closing the opening 2 consists of a plurality of panels 4 hingcdly connected together, as indicated at 5, and carrying guide rollers 6 operating along a guide track I that consists of a vertical portion 8 and a horizontal portion 9.

The door is raised by any suitable type of counterbalancing mechanism I0. 'I'he particular type illustrated includes a coil spring II having a exible cable connection I2 with the door, -the connection l2 passing around guide pulleys I3.

Associated in a novel combination with the door is a locking and releasing device I4 and a retarding device or bumper I5, the former func- 5 tioning to lock and release the door when in its vertical closed position, and the latter functioning to automatically retard and'absorb shocks as the door approaches and finally reaches its fully open position.

The locking and releasing device I4 consists of an attaching plate I6 having upstanding ears I1 to which is pivotally connected the intermediate portion of a lever I8. One end of the leverI8 carries a roller I9 having an axle 20 in direct 15 vertical alignment with the vpivot of the lever so that the roller may directly engage the top edge of the door, as shown in Figure 1, to prevent the rising thereof by the counterbalancing mechanism I0. A'spring 2I automatically swings the 20 roller to the position just mentioned and to assure accurate vertical alignment of the connected p axle 20, the pivot of the lever I8, and the top edge l of the door, an adjusting screw 22 is mounted in the lever, and this screw contacts with the plate I6.

As the spring 2| functions to automatically move the catch to locking position, manually operated means are provided for swinging the devvice Ill to an unlocking position, consisting of a cable 23 passing around guide pulleys 24 and terminating in a handle 25 by means of which the cable 23 may be subjected to a pull for the swinging ofthe device I4 to an unlocking position.

The retarding device or bumper I5 consists of 35 an auxiliary track y26 pivotally connected to the main track, as indicated at 2T. The track surface 28 of this auxiliary track extends at an angle tothe track surface 29 of the main track and to hold this auxiliary track at this inclination, there 0 is provided a bumper spring 30 mounted around a bolt 3| that is carried by the main track and loosely mounted in the auxiliary track.

The door carries an auxiliary roller 32 which is adapted to ride upon the auxiliary track as the door approaches its final open position. Attention is called to the fact that the correlation of the inclined track surfaces 28 and 29 and the position of the auxiliary roller 32 is such that the roller 32 will gradually depress the auxiliary 50 track as the roller slides along the track surface 28. This depressing of the auxiliary track compresses the spring 30 which thereby causes the spring 30 to function as a bumper spring and, further, increases frictional contact betweenV the roller 32 and the track surface 2B, and between the guide roller B and the track surface 29.

A very important feature of the retarding device resides ln the fact that the same is so designed as to perform two functions-act as a bumper, and act as a retarding device-thereby gradually reducing the speed of the travelling door as it approaches final open position, and yieldably absorbing shocks created by the door in the reaching of its final open position.

Oi course, it is to be understood that the various structural details of the locking and releasing device and the structural details of the retarding device or bumper may be changed in many ways. Therefore, my invention is not to be limited in any manner whatsoever except as set forth in the following claims.

What'I claim is:

1. An overhead door structure of the character described comprising: a door frame forming a door opening', a door slidably mounted in relation to the door frame for movement to opening positionk and to closing position, guide rollersl carried by the door,` a guide track having its inside portion in engagement with said rollers for guiding the door in its movements, an auxiliary track section mounted on the outside portion of the guide track and yieldably held in inclined relation with respect to thev associated guide track and to the direction of the door when moving to its opening position, and means carriedr by the door in a plane paralleling that of the guide rollers thereon and disposed outside the guide track for riding engagement with said auxillary track section whereby said guide rollersbe cause of their engagement with the guide track, will cause said means carried by the door to wedgingly ride over the auxiliary track section and forcibly depress the same, thereby gradually retarding the door in its final opening movement.

2. An overhead door structure of the character described comprising: a door frame forming a door opening, a door slidably mounted in relation to the door frame for movement to opening position and to closing position, guide rollers carried by the door, a guide track having its inside portion in engagement with said rollers for guiding the door in its movements, spring means connected to the door and normally acting to urge the same to its opening position, an auxiliary track section mounted on the outside portion of the guide track and yieldably held in inclined relation with respect to the associated guide track and to the direction of movement of the door when moving to its opening position, and means carried by the door in a plane paralleling that of the guide rollers thereon and disposed outside the guide track for riding engagement with said auxiliary track sectionwhereby said guide rollers, because of their engagement with the guide track, will cause said means carried by the door to wedgingly ride over the auxiliary track section and forcibly depress the same, thereby gradually retarding the door in its final opening movement against the action of said spring means.

3. An overhead door structure of the character described comprising: a door frame forming a door opening, a door slidably mounted in relation to the door frame for movement to opening position and to closing position, guide rollers carried by the door, a guide track having its inside portion in engagement with'said rollers for guiding the door in its movements, spring means connected to the door and normally acting to urge the same to its opening position, means releasably engageable with the door for maintaining the same in its closing position against the normal action of said spring means, an auxiliary track section arranged on the outside portion of the guide track and yieldably held in inclined relation with respect to the associated guide track and to the direction of movement of the door when moving to is opening position, and an auxiliary roller carried by the door in a plane paralleling that of the guide rollers thereon anddisposed outside the guide track for riding engagement with said auxiliary track section whereby said guide rollers, because of their engagement with the guide track, will cause the auxiliary roller to wedgingly ride over the auxiliary track and forcibly depress the same, thereby gradually retarding the door in itsnal opening movement against the action of the spring means when released by said releasable door engageable means.

4. An overhead door structure of the character described comprising: a door frame forming a door opening, a door slidably mounted in relation to the door frame for vertical movement to closing position and for horizontal movement to openingposition, guide rollers carried by the door, guide tracks having their inside portions in engagement with said rollers and having contiguous vertical and horizontal portions for guiding the door in its movements, counterbalancing means connected to the door and normally acting to urge the same into its horizontal opening position, means releasably engageable with the door for maintaining the same in its vertical closing position against the normal action of said counterbalanuing means, an auxiliary track section arranged on the outside of the horizontal portion of each guide track and yieldably held in inclined relation with respect to said horiontal portion of the associated guide track and in the direction of movement of the door whenrnoving to its opening position, and auxiliary rollers carried by the door in a plane paralleling that of the guide rollers thereon and disposed outside the guide tracks for riding engagement with said yieldably inclined auxiliary tracks whereby said guide rollers, because of their engagement with the guide tracks, will cause the auxiliary rollers to wedgingly ride over the auxiliary tracks and forcibly depress the same, thereby gradually retarding the door in its final opening movement against the action of the counterbalancing means when released by said releasable door engageable means.

5. An overhead door structure of the character described comprising: a door frame forming a door opening, a door consisting of a plurality of hinged panels slidably mounted in .relation to the door frame for vertical movement to closing position and for horizontal movement to opening position, guide rollers carried by the panels of said door, guide tracks having their outside portions in engagement with said rollers and having contiguous vertical and horizontal portions for guiding the door in its movements, counterbalancing means connected to the door and normally acting to urge the same into its horizontal position, means releasably engageable with vthe door for maintaining the same in its vertical closing position against the normal action of said counterbalancing means, an auxiliary track section arranged on the outside of the horizontal portion of each guide track and yieldably held in inclined relation with respect to said horizontal portion of the associated guide track and to the direction of the door when moving to its opening position, and auxiliary rollers carried by said uppermost panel of the door in a plane paralleling that of the guide rollers thereon and disposed outside the guideA tracks for riding engagement with said yieldably inclined auxiliary tracks whereby said guide rollers, because of their engagement with the guide tracks, will cause the auxiliary rollers to wedgingly ride over the auxiliary tracks and forcibly depress the same, thereby gradually retarding the door in its iinal opening movement against the action of the counterbalancing means when released by said releasable door engageable means. i

6. An overhead door structure of the charac-- ter described comprising: a door frame forming a door opening, a door consisting of a plurality of hinged panels slidably mounted in relation to the door frame for vertical movement toclosing position and for horizontal movement to opening position, guide rollers carried by the panels of said door, guide trackshaving their inside portions in engagement with said rollers and having contiguous vertical and horizontal portions for guiding the door in its movements, counterbalancing means connected to the door and normally acting to urge the same into its horizontal position, means releasably engageable with the door for maintaining the same in its vertical closing position against the normal action of said counterbalancing means, an auxiliary track section'arranged on the outside of the horizontal portion of each guide track and yieldably held in inclined relation with respect to said hori` zontal portion of the associated guide track and to the direction of the door when moving to its opening position, and auxiliary rollers carried by said uppermost panel of the door in a plane paralleling that of the Vguiderollers thereon and disposed outside the guide tracks forv riding engagement with said yiel'clably inclined auxiliary tracks whereby said guide rollers, because of their engagement with the guide tracks, will cause the auxiliary rollers to wedgingly ride over the auxiliary tracks and forcibly zdepress the same.

thereby gradually retardingthe door in its iinal ing device including an auxiliary track section 90 arranged on the outside of the guide track adja- .cent its Dend portion and yieldably held in inclined relation withrespect thereto, and means carried by the door in a plane paralleling that of the guide track for riding into wedging engagement over said yieldable auxiliary track section, whereby said guide rollers, because of their engagement with the guide track, will cause said means carried by the door to wedgingly ride over the auxiliary track section and forcibly depress the same, thereby gradually retarding the door upon reaching the end o! its closing movement.

the guide rollers thereon and disposed outside g5 HARRYEBAR'I'EL.' 85

US153030A 1937-07-10 1937-07-10 Overhead operating garage door construction Expired - Lifetime US2166746A (en)

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2545775A (en) * 1946-05-02 1951-03-20 Harvey H Hall Garage door operating device
US2584134A (en) * 1948-03-08 1952-02-05 Gothard H Knutson Lock link chain
US2619165A (en) * 1950-08-10 1952-11-25 Frantz Mfg Co Overhead door structure
US2643714A (en) * 1950-08-10 1953-06-30 Frantz Mfg Co Overhead door structure
US2661799A (en) * 1950-08-10 1953-12-08 Frantz Mfg Co Overhead door structure
US2702082A (en) * 1950-02-04 1955-02-15 Frantz Mfg Co Overhead door construction
US2710626A (en) * 1949-11-09 1955-06-14 Burdick Bros Inc Safety valve for fluid control systems
US2921782A (en) * 1956-12-21 1960-01-19 Henry H Campbell Garage door operating mechanism
US3138196A (en) * 1962-04-19 1964-06-23 Harold A Krieger Retractable apparatus
US4667353A (en) * 1982-12-09 1987-05-26 Tri City Laboratory Specialists, Inc. Automatically closing modesty curtain
US4800618A (en) * 1987-10-01 1989-01-31 Putz Helmut J Overhead garage door selfsealing device
US5419010A (en) * 1993-05-03 1995-05-30 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Compact counterbalancing system for sectional doors
US5495640A (en) * 1994-06-15 1996-03-05 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Sectional overhead door
US5782283A (en) * 1997-04-03 1998-07-21 Raynor Garage Doors Garage door construction
US5836499A (en) * 1994-06-15 1998-11-17 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Conveyor apparatus for the transport of door panels
US5934352A (en) * 1997-05-15 1999-08-10 Raynor Garage Doors Garage door panel construction
FR2776330A1 (en) * 1998-03-20 1999-09-24 Novoferm France Sa Up-and-over door, e.g. for garage
US6145570A (en) * 1998-10-12 2000-11-14 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Locking system for sectional doors
US6578619B2 (en) 2001-05-21 2003-06-17 Raynor Garage Doors Overhead garage door
US6606762B1 (en) * 2002-03-04 2003-08-19 Myron Corp. Hinge for a rotatably connected cover
US20050015926A1 (en) * 2003-07-23 2005-01-27 Wartman Robert F. Actuator for improving seal for overhead doors
US20070044927A1 (en) * 2005-08-24 2007-03-01 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Wind resistant movable barrier
US20120312483A1 (en) * 2010-02-25 2012-12-13 Jure Letonje Lifting Door Having A Movable Door-Leaf Guide
US9273513B2 (en) 2008-02-06 2016-03-01 EFALEX Tor-und Sicherheitssysteme GmbH & Co. KG Vertical-lift door assembly and lintel sealing unit therefor
US9347257B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2016-05-24 EFAFLEX IN{hacek over (Z)}ENIRING d.o.o. Ljubljana Lifting door having a movable door leaf guide

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2545775A (en) * 1946-05-02 1951-03-20 Harvey H Hall Garage door operating device
US2584134A (en) * 1948-03-08 1952-02-05 Gothard H Knutson Lock link chain
US2710626A (en) * 1949-11-09 1955-06-14 Burdick Bros Inc Safety valve for fluid control systems
US2702082A (en) * 1950-02-04 1955-02-15 Frantz Mfg Co Overhead door construction
US2619165A (en) * 1950-08-10 1952-11-25 Frantz Mfg Co Overhead door structure
US2643714A (en) * 1950-08-10 1953-06-30 Frantz Mfg Co Overhead door structure
US2661799A (en) * 1950-08-10 1953-12-08 Frantz Mfg Co Overhead door structure
US2921782A (en) * 1956-12-21 1960-01-19 Henry H Campbell Garage door operating mechanism
US3138196A (en) * 1962-04-19 1964-06-23 Harold A Krieger Retractable apparatus
US4667353A (en) * 1982-12-09 1987-05-26 Tri City Laboratory Specialists, Inc. Automatically closing modesty curtain
US4800618A (en) * 1987-10-01 1989-01-31 Putz Helmut J Overhead garage door selfsealing device
US5419010A (en) * 1993-05-03 1995-05-30 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Compact counterbalancing system for sectional doors
US6019269A (en) * 1994-06-15 2000-02-01 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Conveyor apparatus for the transport of door panels
US5522446A (en) * 1994-06-15 1996-06-04 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Sectional overhead door
US5562141A (en) * 1994-06-15 1996-10-08 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Sectional overhead door
US5566740A (en) * 1994-06-15 1996-10-22 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Sectional overhead door
US5495640A (en) * 1994-06-15 1996-03-05 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Sectional overhead door
US5836499A (en) * 1994-06-15 1998-11-17 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Conveyor apparatus for the transport of door panels
US5782283A (en) * 1997-04-03 1998-07-21 Raynor Garage Doors Garage door construction
US5934352A (en) * 1997-05-15 1999-08-10 Raynor Garage Doors Garage door panel construction
FR2776330A1 (en) * 1998-03-20 1999-09-24 Novoferm France Sa Up-and-over door, e.g. for garage
US6145570A (en) * 1998-10-12 2000-11-14 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Locking system for sectional doors
US6578619B2 (en) 2001-05-21 2003-06-17 Raynor Garage Doors Overhead garage door
US6606762B1 (en) * 2002-03-04 2003-08-19 Myron Corp. Hinge for a rotatably connected cover
US20050015926A1 (en) * 2003-07-23 2005-01-27 Wartman Robert F. Actuator for improving seal for overhead doors
US6928696B2 (en) * 2003-07-23 2005-08-16 Robert F. Wartman Actuator for improving seal for overhead doors
US20070044927A1 (en) * 2005-08-24 2007-03-01 Wayne-Dalton Corp. Wind resistant movable barrier
US7874342B2 (en) * 2005-08-24 2011-01-25 Overhead Door Corporation Wind resistant movable barrier
US9273513B2 (en) 2008-02-06 2016-03-01 EFALEX Tor-und Sicherheitssysteme GmbH & Co. KG Vertical-lift door assembly and lintel sealing unit therefor
US20120312483A1 (en) * 2010-02-25 2012-12-13 Jure Letonje Lifting Door Having A Movable Door-Leaf Guide
US9097062B2 (en) * 2010-02-25 2015-08-04 Efaflex Inzeniring D.O.O. Ljubljana Lifting door having a movable door-leaf guide
US9347257B2 (en) 2011-07-29 2016-05-24 EFAFLEX IN{hacek over (Z)}ENIRING d.o.o. Ljubljana Lifting door having a movable door leaf guide

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