US2164954A - Combustion and gas mixing assembly for gas circulating systems - Google Patents

Combustion and gas mixing assembly for gas circulating systems Download PDF

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US2164954A
US2164954A US104275A US10427536A US2164954A US 2164954 A US2164954 A US 2164954A US 104275 A US104275 A US 104275A US 10427536 A US10427536 A US 10427536A US 2164954 A US2164954 A US 2164954A
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cylinder
combustion
gas
gases
mixing assembly
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US104275A
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Thomas J Stephens
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Thomas J Stephens
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/001Drying-air generating units, e.g. movable, independent of drying enclosure

Description

July 4, 1939. 'r. J. STEPHENS C OMBUSTIGN AND GA'S MIXING ASSEMBLY FOR GAS CIRCULATING SYSTEMS Filed Oct. 6, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR Thoma s 3' s herfi 16o ATTORNEY 3 \km 2 H ll on llv w ww Q y 4, 1939- 'r. J. STEPHENS 2,164,954

COMBUSTION AND GAS MIXING ASSEMBLY FOR GAS CIRCULATING SYSTEMS Filed Oct. 6, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Thomas TSTepHens INVENTOR ATTORNI ZY M ly disposed uniform slots UNITED STATES PATENT oFFiciz' COMBUSTION AND GAS MIXING ASSEDTBLY FOR GAS CIRCULATING SYSTEMS Thomas J. Stephens, Brooklyn, N. Y. Application October 6', 1936, Serial No. 104,215

6 Claims.

This invention relates to new and useful improvements in combustion chambers, which are .designed to use oil or gas as a fuel, and which are adapted especially for use in connection with bake ovens and the like.

It is the object of the present invention to provide a combustion chamber of the cylindrical type, which will insure the injection of thoroughly burned hot gases into an oven or other device containing foodstuffs and materials otherwise spoiled if subjected to the products of partial combustion, and which is constructed to effectively guard the firing cylinder against excessive heating without sacrificing fuel efiiciency.

With the foregoing in mind, I provide a firing cylinder in which cool gases sucked from an oven or other baking arrangement are heated, preferably by an oil flame, a controlled amount of fresh air being admitted into the firing cylinder to insure complete combustion and a controlled outlet for the products of combustion out of the firing cylinder.

, According to the present invention the cool gases "withdrawn from the oven are not discharged direct into the firing cylinder but are led along a' circuitous path in contactwith the outer wall of the firing cylinder to insure cooling of the cylinder and ire-heating of the gases.

A further objectof the invention is to control the temperature of the gases being discharged from the combustion chamber so as to keep the temperature low enough to prevent burning out of the fan which is used .to circulate the hot gases being drawn from the chamber. '1 accomplish this object by utilizing a nest of cylindrical walls and arranging the perforations in the intermediate walls to set up cross currents of heated air to cause an even emperature at the intake port of the fan.

These'features of my invention are described in more detail in the following specification, set .forth in the appended claims and illustratively exemplified in the accompanying drawings, in which, Figure 1 is a substantially longitudinal sectional view of the combustion chamber; and Figure 2 is a substantially transverse sectional view taken on line 22 of Figure 1.

Referring to the drawings, the firing assembly consists of spaced outer and inner steel cylinders l0 and I l, the inner cylinder being the firing cylinder and terminating at its free inner end in a cone shaped cap l2. Just short of the cap l2 the wall of the cylinder l l is provided with peripheralings of which are adjustable by means l3, the efiective openofa sleeve valve l4 encircling the cylinder H and moving axially thereof over said openings. The forward ends of the inner and outer cylinders I0 and II are mounted in a header I5 which comprises a circular plate having laterally spaced concentric flanges l6 and I! to receive the ends of the cylinders l0 and II, respectively. The outer cylinder l0 is secured to the flange 16 by means of a ring l8 and the firing cylinder is se-,

cured to its flange H by means 'of bolts IS. The I disposed tubular and axially projecting portion 23. The outer wall of the portion 23 outside the. plate 20 supports a rotary sleeve 24 having an annular flange 25 in which a series of openings 26 is disposed, the openings 26 being arranged to register with the openings 22. Rotary adjustment of the sleeve 24 may be effected to either completely close or to partly open the openings 22 and a bolt 2| is carried by the sleeve and is moved against the portion 23 to fix the sleeve in position.

The valve I4 is made up of a plurality of armate sections, preferably'three such sections, each thereof having radially disposed ends 21, which are bolted or otherwise attached to the ends of the other sections, and which embrace the inner ends of rods 28 running longitudinally of the device and projecting through openings in the header l5 and overlying portion of the plate 20. The projecting ends of the rods 28' are provided with spaced openings 30 to receive pins 3| which are inserted in openings in wings 32 of the plate 20. Axial adjustment of the rods 28 will cause the collar valve M to move over the openings 13 to open or close the latter in any degree.

The outer cylinder I0 is provided with an intake flue 33 adjacent its end opposite the header and the end is closed by an annular plate 34, flange 35 and cylindrical shell 36. The shell 36 is attached to the flange 35 and projects beyond 45 and is supported at opposite ends on cradles which consist of arcuate strips embracing the under side of the battle and having radial arms resting on the inside of the outer cylinder III. A similar cradle 45 supports the inner end or the firing cylinder ll inside the valve collar ll.

The entire device is supported on cradles 4 arranged under opposite ends of the outer cylinder Ill, consisting of curved beams supported on legs or standards 41 at their opposite ends.

A burner 48 of any suitable type is arranged in the axis of the tubular portion 23.

The construction described above constitutes a means of transferring heat from the confines of a combustion area rapidly, systematically and uniformly for the purpose of effectively protecting such confines against being subjected to temperatures which would otherwise injure high temperature metals and alloys, while heat is being rapidly generated within said confines, the heat being given off from said confines in an atmospheric vehicle which is subsequently mixed with the products of combustion as they issue from the confined area of combustion, thereby reducing the temperature of said products of combustion to a degree which is determined by the rapidity of heat removal from said confines together with the relative quantity of heat being generated within the same.

In actual operation ignited fuel and suflicient air to support combustion enter the firing cylinder i I through tubular portion 23. Part of the heat taken up by the cylindrical wall II is dissipated into the gases outside said cylinder and the remainder discharges through the slots i3 into the chamber in the closed end of the bafiie cylinder 4]. In the meantime gases returning to the combustion chamber enter the fiue 33 and pass between the outer cylinder and the baflle ll towards the header l5. Some oi! these gases traverse the full length of this space and turn about at the end of the baiiie to follow along the space between the baiile and inner cylinder ll, while the remainder of the gases enter the latter space through the perforations 42. It is in these gases passing through the space between baiiie and inner cylinder that part of the heat in the latter is dissipated. It will be understood of course that a current of the heated gases is being set up by the fan to draw the gases into the mixing chamber at the delivery end of the baiiie where they mix with the more highly heated gases discharging from the slots l3 before entering the fan casing 40.

Accordingly the heat of the inner cylinder H is tempered by the amount of heat being absorbed in the gases outside its wall and the degree to which the temperature of the cylinder II is reduced or increased depends upon the intensity of the flame and the adjustment of the sleeve valve over the slots II. The flow of gases outside said inner cylinder II is more rapid than the rate of now or the gases within the firing chamber which allows the inner gases to fiow at atmospheric pressure. This arrangement results in practically two pathways for the gases, one outside the inner cylinder II and the other at the inside thereof.

Having now described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A combustion and gas mixing assembly for gas-circulating systems, comprising a firing cylinder having an open end and a closed end and being provided with circumferential discharge openings adjacent its closed end, means to fire said firing cylinder from the open end thereof, a

second cylinder enclosing said firing cylinder so vided with perforations to permit the passage of gases entering the outer cylinder.

3. A combustion and gas mixing assembly for gas circulating systems, comprising a substantially circular head carrying two cylinders, one within the other, and a central sleeve forming a firing port for the inner cylinder and being provided with openings to admit fresh air to the inner cylinder, means to fire said inner cylinder through said firing port, said inner cylinder having its discharge end axially closed and being provided with circumferential openings adjacent said closed end, an intake port for said outer cylinder provided adjacent the end thereof remote from said head, and a cylindrical baflie between said cylinders, said baiiie projecting beyond the closed end of said inner cylinder and terminating in an axial discharge opening.

4. A combustion and gas mixing assembly, as claimed in claim 3, including a shutter valve over said air inlet openings in the header to vary their capacity.

5. A combustion and gas mixing assembly, as claimed in claim 3, in which the bailie is provided with perforations to permit gases entering the outer cylinder to pass through the bafile.

6. A combustion and gas mixing assembly, as claimed in claim 3, including a cone-shaped end for the inner cylinder and asuction fan and in which said baiiie comprises a cylindrical shell projecting to a point short of the head at one end and communicating at its opposite end with said suction fan to draw the directly heated and preheated gases from the mixing chamber formed by said inner cylinder and said bafile.

THOMAS J STEPHENS.

US104275A 1936-10-06 1936-10-06 Combustion and gas mixing assembly for gas circulating systems Expired - Lifetime US2164954A (en)

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Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2438858A (en) * 1943-01-21 1948-03-30 Armstrong Siddeley Motors Ltd Liquid-fuel combustion chamber
US2446059A (en) * 1944-10-05 1948-07-27 Peabody Engineering Corp Gas heater
US2450518A (en) * 1944-03-18 1948-10-05 Alexander M Lister Air heater for castings
US2458497A (en) * 1945-05-05 1949-01-11 Babcock & Wilcox Co Combustion chamber
US2475911A (en) * 1944-03-16 1949-07-12 Power Jets Res & Dev Ltd Combustion apparatus
US2476031A (en) * 1944-12-02 1949-07-12 American Locomotive Co Reheater
US2508866A (en) * 1945-04-10 1950-05-23 Petersen Oven Co Furnace for baking ovens
US2518364A (en) * 1946-10-19 1950-08-08 Surface Combustion Corp Direct fired air heater
US2520692A (en) * 1946-02-15 1950-08-29 Comb Eng Superheater Inc Gas and air mixing device
US2539423A (en) * 1946-04-19 1951-01-30 Styles T Howard Reel-type oven for baking
US2562460A (en) * 1949-04-15 1951-07-31 Robert C Hopkins Combination burner equipment for rotary driers
US2588728A (en) * 1948-06-14 1952-03-11 Us Navy Combustion chamber with diverse combustion and diluent air paths
US2600603A (en) * 1948-08-28 1952-06-17 Robert D Applegate Grain drier
US2604312A (en) * 1949-01-21 1952-07-22 American Crop Drying Equipment Crop drying type air heater
US2610594A (en) * 1951-01-19 1952-09-16 Columbia Boiler Company Combustion chamber for domestic oil burners and the like
US2644302A (en) * 1948-06-17 1953-07-07 Gen Electric Combustion chamber having a flat wall liner with oppositely disposed apertures
US2654219A (en) * 1950-09-04 1953-10-06 Bbc Brown Boveri & Cie Metal combustion chamber
US2674339A (en) * 1951-04-26 1954-04-06 Schneider Frank Apparatus for the destruction of air contaminants by combustion
US2703706A (en) * 1951-05-03 1955-03-08 Charles F Bishop Portable dehydrator
US2857332A (en) * 1949-08-19 1958-10-21 William L Tenney Machine for producing dispersions of liquids in air or other gases for the production of fogs
US2896933A (en) * 1953-04-23 1959-07-28 Master Vibrator Co Portable heater
US2985438A (en) * 1958-09-26 1961-05-23 Todd Shipyards Corp Outflow control device for high heat release combustion apparatus
US2989941A (en) * 1959-02-02 1961-06-27 Hoffman Electronics Corp Closed diffusion apparatus
DE1177306B (en) * 1959-03-17 1964-09-03 Leon Jacques Wanson Air heater operated with liquid or gaseous fuel, especially for small spaces
US3930368A (en) * 1974-12-12 1976-01-06 General Motors Corporation Combustion liner air valve
US4201544A (en) * 1977-11-10 1980-05-06 Keohring Company High pressure heater
US4606721A (en) * 1984-11-07 1986-08-19 Tifa Limited Combustion chamber noise suppressor
WO1993024800A1 (en) * 1992-05-22 1993-12-09 Andritz Tcw Engineering Gmbh Sludge drying system with recycling exhaust air
US20080053349A1 (en) * 2004-11-12 2008-03-06 Hamworthy Combustion Engineering Limited Incinerator For Boil-Off Gas

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2438858A (en) * 1943-01-21 1948-03-30 Armstrong Siddeley Motors Ltd Liquid-fuel combustion chamber
US2475911A (en) * 1944-03-16 1949-07-12 Power Jets Res & Dev Ltd Combustion apparatus
US2450518A (en) * 1944-03-18 1948-10-05 Alexander M Lister Air heater for castings
US2446059A (en) * 1944-10-05 1948-07-27 Peabody Engineering Corp Gas heater
US2476031A (en) * 1944-12-02 1949-07-12 American Locomotive Co Reheater
US2508866A (en) * 1945-04-10 1950-05-23 Petersen Oven Co Furnace for baking ovens
US2458497A (en) * 1945-05-05 1949-01-11 Babcock & Wilcox Co Combustion chamber
US2520692A (en) * 1946-02-15 1950-08-29 Comb Eng Superheater Inc Gas and air mixing device
US2539423A (en) * 1946-04-19 1951-01-30 Styles T Howard Reel-type oven for baking
US2518364A (en) * 1946-10-19 1950-08-08 Surface Combustion Corp Direct fired air heater
US2588728A (en) * 1948-06-14 1952-03-11 Us Navy Combustion chamber with diverse combustion and diluent air paths
US2644302A (en) * 1948-06-17 1953-07-07 Gen Electric Combustion chamber having a flat wall liner with oppositely disposed apertures
US2600603A (en) * 1948-08-28 1952-06-17 Robert D Applegate Grain drier
US2604312A (en) * 1949-01-21 1952-07-22 American Crop Drying Equipment Crop drying type air heater
US2562460A (en) * 1949-04-15 1951-07-31 Robert C Hopkins Combination burner equipment for rotary driers
US2857332A (en) * 1949-08-19 1958-10-21 William L Tenney Machine for producing dispersions of liquids in air or other gases for the production of fogs
US2654219A (en) * 1950-09-04 1953-10-06 Bbc Brown Boveri & Cie Metal combustion chamber
US2610594A (en) * 1951-01-19 1952-09-16 Columbia Boiler Company Combustion chamber for domestic oil burners and the like
US2674339A (en) * 1951-04-26 1954-04-06 Schneider Frank Apparatus for the destruction of air contaminants by combustion
US2703706A (en) * 1951-05-03 1955-03-08 Charles F Bishop Portable dehydrator
US2896933A (en) * 1953-04-23 1959-07-28 Master Vibrator Co Portable heater
US2985438A (en) * 1958-09-26 1961-05-23 Todd Shipyards Corp Outflow control device for high heat release combustion apparatus
US2989941A (en) * 1959-02-02 1961-06-27 Hoffman Electronics Corp Closed diffusion apparatus
DE1177306B (en) * 1959-03-17 1964-09-03 Leon Jacques Wanson Air heater operated with liquid or gaseous fuel, especially for small spaces
US3930368A (en) * 1974-12-12 1976-01-06 General Motors Corporation Combustion liner air valve
US4201544A (en) * 1977-11-10 1980-05-06 Keohring Company High pressure heater
US4606721A (en) * 1984-11-07 1986-08-19 Tifa Limited Combustion chamber noise suppressor
WO1993024800A1 (en) * 1992-05-22 1993-12-09 Andritz Tcw Engineering Gmbh Sludge drying system with recycling exhaust air
US20080053349A1 (en) * 2004-11-12 2008-03-06 Hamworthy Combustion Engineering Limited Incinerator For Boil-Off Gas
US8444411B2 (en) * 2004-11-12 2013-05-21 Simon Mark O'Connor Incinerator for boil-off gas

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