US2154413A - Neutralization of acids exuding from silicious cements - Google Patents

Neutralization of acids exuding from silicious cements Download PDF

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Publication number
US2154413A
US2154413A US49182A US4918235A US2154413A US 2154413 A US2154413 A US 2154413A US 49182 A US49182 A US 49182A US 4918235 A US4918235 A US 4918235A US 2154413 A US2154413 A US 2154413A
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Prior art keywords
silicious
acids
neutralization
cements
filling
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Expired - Lifetime
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US49182A
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Joseph H Schlesinger
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Eagle Chemical Co
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Eagle Chemical Co
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Priority to US49182A priority Critical patent/US2154413A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K6/00Preparations for dentistry
    • A61K6/40Primers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K6/00Preparations for dentistry
    • A61K6/80Preparations for artificial teeth, for filling teeth or for capping teeth
    • A61K6/849Preparations for artificial teeth, for filling teeth or for capping teeth comprising inorganic cements
    • A61K6/853Silicates

Description

Patented Apr. 11, 1939 HSSUEE APR 2 PATENT OFFICE NEUTRALIZATION OF ACIDS EXUDING FROM SILICIOUS CEMIENTS Joseph H. Schlesinger, New York, N. Y., assignor to Eagle Chemical Company, New York, N. Y.

No Drawing. Application November 11, 1935, Serial No. 49,182

2 Claims.

This invention relates to the neutralization of avids in silicious cements as used in the practice of dentistry.

In common practice silicious cement fillings are 5 prepared by mixing a powdered mass containing kaolin, or a kindred silicate, with a suspending medium, preferably a solution of orthophosphoric or some other of the phosphoric acids, to which oxides of aluminum or calcium have been added. This mixture, when of the proper plastic consistency, is pressed into the thoroughly cleaned and dried tooth cavity.

After the foregoing treatment the patient frequently suffers pain, caused by traces of acid seepll ing out of the cement and finding its way to the nerve causing a neuralgic irritation, necessitating removal of the filling and renewed treatment of the tooth. I

When the silicate powder and the liquid are mixed, the fluid phosphoric acid used attacks part of the powder, forming colloidal aluminum phosphate and colloidal silicic acid, consisting of solid silicate particles, imbedded in a matrix of colloidal aluminum phosphate, and a gel of silicic acid, occluding a proportion of free and liquid phosphoric acid.

Kaolin, which is the base of most silicious cement preparations on the market, often contains fluorides of aluminum which, in contact with phosphoric acid, will yield hydrofluoric acid; likewise traces of arsenic may be found in kaolin which may give origin to arsenious acid. All these acids, even in minute quantities, when they exude from the cement and come into contact with the tissues or the structure of the tooth will cause pain and eventually devitalize the pulp of the tooth.

One object is to neutralize any free acids which may exude from the filling while in the process 4o of cementation. This object relates to the inner surface of the cement plug as well as to the outer surface.

A further feature is to prepare and impregnate the surface of the cavity into which the filling is to be pressed with an alkaline medium to counteract any acid which may come from the filling, whether or not an intermediate lining be used, while a concurrent object is to simultaneously neutralize and absorb any acidulous moisture which may exude from the outer surface of the filling.

A further salient feature of this invention is the use of an absorbing and neutralizing means which can be readily applied and used in connection 5 with all filling material which develops free and potentially injurious acids while solidifying.

These objects and advantages will become apparent from the following detailed disclosure.

An important step of the filling process com- 10 prises the impregnation of the inner surface of the cleaned cavity with a liquid dilute alkali.

The process is also applicable in cases where silicate cements in whole or part are merely used as a cementing medium, as for example for gold 16 and porcelain crowns, inlays, and other dental restorations.

In operation, after the cavity in the tooth is cleaned and dried, its inside should be thoroughly daubed or swabbed with a dilute alkaline solution (hydroxides of the alkali metals, sodium carbonate or any other suitable alkali), and given time to dry. The tooth cavity should be protected from moisture until the filling is inserted.

The leading principle of the invention is to 25 overcome the irritating effect of silicious cement fillings of live teeth. Alkalizing, neutralizing and absorption of surplus acidic moisture are the contributing and dominating factors of the process. 30

Having described the invention, what is claimed as new and sought to secure by Letters Patent, 1s:

1. In the process of filling dental cavities with silicious cement containing a mineral acid, the steps consisting of alkalizing the interior surface of the cavity with an absorbable liquid alkali, prior to filling to prevent injury to live pulp, filling the cavity with the cement and neutralizing the entered filling by an exterior application of 0 alkaline media.

2. In the process of using silicious cement when mixed with mineral acids as a cementing medium to retain dental restorations in adjusted position relative to a tooth prepared therefor, the step which consists of treating the tooth surfaces to receive the restoration with a liquid absorbable alkali.

JOSEPH H. SCI-IIESINGER.

US49182A 1935-11-11 1935-11-11 Neutralization of acids exuding from silicious cements Expired - Lifetime US2154413A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3082526A (en) * 1959-07-10 1963-03-26 Wacker Chemie Gmbh Method and materials for filling dental roots
US3254411A (en) * 1962-11-05 1966-06-07 Johnson & Johnson Tooth cavity filling and method of filling teeth
US3390456A (en) * 1964-01-02 1968-07-02 Joseph A. Deleva Dental composition and method of use

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3082526A (en) * 1959-07-10 1963-03-26 Wacker Chemie Gmbh Method and materials for filling dental roots
US3254411A (en) * 1962-11-05 1966-06-07 Johnson & Johnson Tooth cavity filling and method of filling teeth
US3390456A (en) * 1964-01-02 1968-07-02 Joseph A. Deleva Dental composition and method of use

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