US214996A - Improvement in tents - Google Patents

Improvement in tents Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US214996A
US214996A US214996DA US214996A US 214996 A US214996 A US 214996A US 214996D A US214996D A US 214996DA US 214996 A US214996 A US 214996A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
tent
cap
roof
seams
canvas
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Publication date
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US214996A publication Critical patent/US214996A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H15/00Tents or canopies, in general
    • E04H15/24Tents or canopies, in general cone shaped, e.g. teepees

Description

n e Du M m s M 8 0v I M 6 2 y a M d e m E W A. 0M DH e T am l=wr 25-6 z Ja.
ATTORNEYS.
WITNESSES /a Re WWI/m N- PETERS, PHOTO-UTHOGHAFHER WASHINGTON D C UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
GUSTAVUS O. DOANE, FIRST LIEUTENANT, SECOND GAVALRY, U. S. ARMY.
IMPROVEMENT IN TENTS.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 214,996, dated May 6, 1879; application filed March 29, 1879.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GUSTAVUS O. DOANE, First Lieutenant, Second Cavalry, United States Army, have invented a new and Improved Army-Tent; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in which Figure 1 is a side elevation of the tent with the door detached at one edge. Fig. 2 is a View, on an enlarged scale, looking down upon a section through line as as, Fig. 1, showing the relation of the edges of the door to the adjacent edges of the wall and the double flap at the base of the Wall. Fig. 3 is a detail outside view. of the fastening for the door. Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional view of the cap and upper portion of the tent. Fig. 5 is a detached section taken vertically through the wall of the tent, showing the connections at the top and bottom of the wall. Fig. 6 is an underneath view of one of the re-enforcements, with buckle for attaching the guys. Fig. 7 is a view of one of the leather re-enforcements, through which the pins are driven at the bottom of the wall.
My invention relates to certain improvements in army-tents adapted to shelter a detachment of men.
The form of tent in which my improvements are incorporated is that in which a vertical circular wall of canvas is spanned by a pointed pyramidal roof of the same material distended by a central pole, and pitched by means of pins and guy-ropes without the use of a frame.
The improvements consist, first, of means for equalizing and distributing the strain of the guy-ropes upon the tent, to which end a cord or rope is incorporated in the edge of the roof portion, running around the whole tent, and a leather re-enforcement fastened at the juncture of the radiating seams in the roof and vertical seams of the wall with the circular cord at the eaves of the tent, which re-enforcement furnishes an attachment to the guy-rope, and permits the whole strain of the latter to be borne upon the said circular cord and vertical seams without imparting any tearing or damaging strain to the canvas.
The improvements also consist in the peculiar construction and arrangement of a reenforcement at the apex of the tent; the peculiar construction and arrangement of a set of reefing-cords for reeling up the side walls; in the means for attaching the re-enforcement straps to the guy-rope; in the peculiar arrangement and fastenings for the door in the side wall; in the means for forming a tight joint between the ground and the bottom of the side wall; and in the peculiar construction and arrangement of the cap at the top of the tent for covering the ventilation-opening, all as hereinafter more fully described.
In the drawings is shown a tent embodying my improvements, in which A is the pointed conical or pyramidal roof, and B the vertical circular wall, both of which are made of canvas.
In constructing this tent the best proportions to be observed are four feet six inches for the height of the wall, thirteen feet six inches slant height of roof, and eighteen feet six inches diameter of tent inside.
This tent is composed of a series of triangular sections, a, forming the roof, and a corresponding series of rectangular portions, b, forming the wall. In connecting the side wall and roof portions, a cord or rope, 0, Figs. 1 and 5, is incorporated in a fold of the canvas at such joint, and runs circularly around the tent. A similar cord or rope, d, is also arranged in a seam at the bottom of the side wall.
Atthe juncture of the roof-seams and wallseams with the rope c a leather re-enforcement, 0, is secured, Figs. 1, 5, and 6, the same being firmly attached to the canvas,and secured also to the ropes 0. These leather reenforcements are provided with straps e and buckles X, by which the tension of the guyropes D is applied to the tent. This arrangement of the cord or rope c and location of the leather re-enforcements O at the juncture of the vertical seams with the same causes the strain of the guy-ropes to be equally distributed throughout the tent, the longitudinal strain being borne by seams in the roof, and the lateral strain by the circular rope 0, so that no tearing strains are permitted to come upon the canvas.
In providing a suitable form of buckle for connecting the straps of the rc-ent'orcements to the guy-ropes, a plain Spanish buckle, X, is provided with a metal loop, f, Figs. 5 and 6, whose ends are loosely pivoted to the pintlebar of the buckle. This supplies means for connecting a strap to a rope without injury to either, the tongue of the buckle forming a connection for the strap, and the loop f forming an attachment to which the rope can be securely fastened without being cut or worn in two.
At the top of the tent is arranged in the canvas the chainring 9, Fig. 4, attached by chains to hooks h of the pole-ringtwhich polering is carried upon a shoulder of the pole E, and by which devices the tent is raised and its apex held in a distended elevated position with an open space for free ventilation.
Now, as the material in the tent decreases at the top it will be seen that the strain of the pole in stretching the tent is most severe at this point.
To compensate for this I attach to the inside of the tent a re-enforccment, F, which is not cut bias and conical, as in other re-enf'orcements at this point, but is out straight and cylindrical, and the fullness of which at the top is taken up by gathers evenly distributed at the top. This gathered re-enforcement provides an increased strength in the apex of the tent for resisting the strain of" the pole, which increased strength is proportional to the increased amount of material which the gathers permit to be employed. This upper gathered end is left loose from the canvas of the tent, but is securely fastened to the chain-ring.
For reefing the side wall of the tent each one of the leather re-cnforcements C is perforated at two points and provided with a cord, j, Figs. 1 and 5, which is passed through one hole and back through the other, so that one end of the cord hangs down upon the out side of the side wall, and the other end of which hangs down upon the inside of the tent. These cords are preferably made of whang leather. Now, when the walls are to be reefed they are raised in folds and the cords tied around the same, so as to hold them in elevated position, and render the tent open below.
. The door of the tent consists of a rectangular piece of canvas, G, Figs. 1 and 2, permanently sewed to the caves of the roof portion, but detached from the walls upon each side. The edges of this door upon the sides are made in the nature of double flaps k W, one of which, it, laps upon the outside, and the other, 10 upon the inside of the adjacent edge of the tent-wall. In both sides of this door, and also in the sides of the walls of the tent, upon the outside, are fixed leather disks 1 I, one row of which (those on the tent-wall) are made with vertical slits to receive straps 1 attached to the outside flap, which strap, after passing through said slitted disk, is buckled to another strap, 1 upon the inside of the door by means of a buckle, m. This servesto securely connect the sides of the door to the sides of the wall by a lap-joint, keeping the buckle inside and under the control of the occupants.
To secure the bottom of the wall leather reenforcements H, Figs. 1, 2, 5, 7, are attached to the canvas at the points where the seams join the ground rope d, and these re-enforcements have in them oblong holes to permit pins to be driven through into the ground.
In making the bottom edge of the tent-wall tight, so as to exclude cold air, I provide a double flap, I 1, Figs. 2 and 5.
With respect to this feature I would state that I am aware that a flap has been attached to the lower edge of the wall of a tent, and allowed to extend inside of the tent and rest horizontally upon the surface of the ground; but suchflap was not made in sections, and did not have bias seams, and hence it had in its inner edge so much fullness as to cause it to wrinkle and pucker.
To obviate this difficulty I make the flap in sections, and out the said sections to correspond with the sections of the wall, with bias seams at the seams of the wall-sections, so that the flap rests perfectly fiat against the ground and does not wrinkle.
To further exclude the weather, also, I make this flap double, one part, I, resting flat upon the ground inside of the tent, and the other part, I, resting fiat on the ground outside of the tent.
For excluding rain and snow at the venti lating-opening in the top of the tent, I employ a conveniently-manipulated cap, J, Figs. 1 and 4, which consists of a conical cap of can vas, having in its lower marginal hem a metal (galvanized iron) ring, 0. The apex of the cap is connected to an acorn or socket-piece, 12, made of wood, which acorn has a socket fitting over a projecting pin, q, in the top of the tent-pole, so as to be easily detachable. In securing the apex of this cap to the acorn or socket-piece, a circular groove, 1, is formed a little above the lower edge of the same The edges of the canvas of the cap are then placed around this end of the acorn, as shown in dotted lines, at a reverse inclination to its normal position, a cord wrapped tightly around the canvas forcing the same into the groove, and the cap then reversed, so as to bring it to the inclination shown. This mode not only makes a perfectly tight joint, but it conceals the at tachment and causes the cap to present a finished exterior.
To secure enlarged ventilating-spaces at the top, I make the skirt of the cap vertically adjustable, and for this purpose cords s s are extended thence around pulley-blocks tt. attached to the acorn, and down into the tent into convenient position for operating the same. By
pulling upon these cords it will be seen that the weighted skirt of the cap may be raised to any desired height, the weight of the metal ring serving to restore it to its position again whenever the cords are slackened. If, in case of violent storms, the cap requires to be held straps and buckles for securing the same, substantially as described.
5. A tent having at its lower edge a flap, I, formed of sections corresponding to the sections of the wall, and united by a bias seam at the juncture of the said wall-sections, substantially as and for the purpose described.
. 6. A tent having at its lower edge an inside flap, I, and an outside flap, I, substantially as shown and described.
' 7. The combination, with the re-enforcement. straps and the guy-ropes, of the buckle X, having a loop, f, pivoted about the pintle-bar, as and for the purpose described. 7
8. In a tent, the acorn or socket-piecep, attached to the apex of the cap, combined with thetent-pole having a projecting pin, so as to be detachable therefrom, as shown and described.
,9. In a tent, the combination, with the acorn or socket-piece having a circular groove around the same, of the conicalcap having its upper end tied by a cord abofit such groove, and returned or reversed, so as to conceal such attachment, as described.
10. The combination, with the cap J, having to its place, the ropes s 8 may be disconnected from the pulleys, and be extended and secured upon the outside of the tent from the marginal ring, so as to act as guys to the same, as shown in dotted lines. In the latter position a free annular ventilating-space is still left for the tent, for the reason that the ring 0 is made larger than the opening in the top of the tent, and its rigid character does not allow it to be flattened against the walls of the tentby the tension of its guys.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new is. 1. The combination, with a tent having'radiating seams in the roof, coincident vertical seams in the walls, and a circular cord or rope, c, at the juncture of said wall and roof, of a re-enforcement, 0, attached to the tent at the junction of said seams and cords, and provided with an attachment for the guy-ropes, substantially as described.
2. The combination, with the tent, of a reenforcement, F, attached to the upper portion or apex of the tent upon the inside, and having the fullness of its upper end gathered into folds, substantially'as described.
'3. The combination, with the side walls oi the tent," 'of'the IG-GllfOICGlIIGDt (3, having reefing cords extended twice through the same, with one end ofsaid cords extending to the side and the other to the outside of the tent, substantially'as described. N14. The Icombination, with the walls 13 of a at the apex, of the pulleys t, attached to said acorn, and the ropes s, passing around said pulleys and descending to and conneting with the marginal ring, for the purpose of adjusting the cap, as described.
G. G. DOANE, 1st Lt., 2d Cavalry, U. 8. Army.
Witnesses:
Enw. W. BYRN,
OHAs. A. PETTIT.
* tent having re-enforced eyelets, of a door, G, 1 forming one of the sections of said wall, and I permanently attached to the roof portion, and having upon each side double flaps, with "weighted ring 0 at its skirt, and an acorn,.1'i,,
US214996D Improvement in tents Expired - Lifetime US214996A (en)

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US214996A true US214996A (en) 1879-05-06

Family

ID=2284400

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US214996D Expired - Lifetime US214996A (en) Improvement in tents

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US214996A (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2872933A (en) * 1957-08-05 1959-02-10 Cid Air Structures Company Air-inflated drilling rig cover
US3945106A (en) * 1972-11-15 1976-03-23 Balcke-Durr Aktiengesellschaft Method of mounting a natural draft cooling tower
US4844108A (en) * 1987-10-30 1989-07-04 Pyromid, Inc. Tent
US5427491A (en) * 1993-01-26 1995-06-27 Archer Daniels Midland Company Hatch cover for loading particulate matter
US6877521B2 (en) 2002-08-15 2005-04-12 Richard W. Webster Tent and support system for same
US20050115487A1 (en) * 2003-12-01 2005-06-02 Michael Godfrey Variable tension fastening system for vehicle covers
US20100100039A1 (en) * 2004-12-06 2010-04-22 Wyrick Ronald E Medicine Injection Apparatuses
US20110259383A1 (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-10-27 Catherine Dalo Suspended false ceiling for lightweight housing module
US8381454B1 (en) * 2009-01-23 2013-02-26 Markus R. Robinson Segmented, elongated, expandable, 4-season, double-walled, low-cost, rigid extruded plastic panel structures
US8429858B1 (en) * 2009-01-23 2013-04-30 Markus F. Robinson Semi-permanent, 4-season, modular, extruded plastic, flat panel, insulatable, portable, low-cost, rigid-walled structure
US8555910B2 (en) 2011-09-12 2013-10-15 Nomadic Comfort Llc Shelter structures, support systems therefor, kits, accessories and methods for assembling such structures
US8863443B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2014-10-21 Catherine Dalo Lightweight housing module and modular building

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2872933A (en) * 1957-08-05 1959-02-10 Cid Air Structures Company Air-inflated drilling rig cover
US3945106A (en) * 1972-11-15 1976-03-23 Balcke-Durr Aktiengesellschaft Method of mounting a natural draft cooling tower
US4844108A (en) * 1987-10-30 1989-07-04 Pyromid, Inc. Tent
US5427491A (en) * 1993-01-26 1995-06-27 Archer Daniels Midland Company Hatch cover for loading particulate matter
US6877521B2 (en) 2002-08-15 2005-04-12 Richard W. Webster Tent and support system for same
US20050115487A1 (en) * 2003-12-01 2005-06-02 Michael Godfrey Variable tension fastening system for vehicle covers
US20100100039A1 (en) * 2004-12-06 2010-04-22 Wyrick Ronald E Medicine Injection Apparatuses
US8381454B1 (en) * 2009-01-23 2013-02-26 Markus R. Robinson Segmented, elongated, expandable, 4-season, double-walled, low-cost, rigid extruded plastic panel structures
US8429858B1 (en) * 2009-01-23 2013-04-30 Markus F. Robinson Semi-permanent, 4-season, modular, extruded plastic, flat panel, insulatable, portable, low-cost, rigid-walled structure
US20110259383A1 (en) * 2010-03-26 2011-10-27 Catherine Dalo Suspended false ceiling for lightweight housing module
US8863443B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2014-10-21 Catherine Dalo Lightweight housing module and modular building
US9297178B2 (en) * 2010-03-26 2016-03-29 Catherine Dalo Suspended false ceiling for lightweight housing module
US8555910B2 (en) 2011-09-12 2013-10-15 Nomadic Comfort Llc Shelter structures, support systems therefor, kits, accessories and methods for assembling such structures

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US10060151B2 (en) Shelter system
US4195651A (en) Ground engaging foot member
US8763621B2 (en) Multi-functional instant tent
US214996A (en) Improvement in tents
US2543684A (en) Explorer's folding tent
US4102352A (en) Insulated tent
US2497596A (en) Tent
US4686720A (en) Covered hammock
US20160053508A1 (en) Tent structure or sun protection structure
US10443263B2 (en) Removable insulated floor for a portable shelter
US2059463A (en) Tent
US4367761A (en) Portable fabric shelter
US2442132A (en) Combined sleeping bag and tent
US1215139A (en) Combination shelter outfit.
US20180283037A1 (en) Outdoor shelter system and method
US20040123886A1 (en) Beach umbrella with tie-down
US510239A (en) Combined tent
US5769022A (en) Canopy for float tube
US548425A (en) Spencer f
US3468321A (en) Convertible tent structure
US1581331A (en) Tent structure
US394262A (en) gentzen
US684086A (en) Tent.
US842672A (en) Tent.
US1136992A (en) Tent.