US2120639A - Carrier - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2120639A
US2120639A US103915A US10391536A US2120639A US 2120639 A US2120639 A US 2120639A US 103915 A US103915 A US 103915A US 10391536 A US10391536 A US 10391536A US 2120639 A US2120639 A US 2120639A
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United States
Prior art keywords
jaw
movement
shackle
frame
pivotally
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Expired - Lifetime
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US103915A
Inventor
Charles F Buente
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United Engineering and Foundry Co
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United Engineering and Foundry Co
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Publication date
Application filed by United Engineering and Foundry Co filed Critical United Engineering and Foundry Co
Priority to US103915A priority Critical patent/US2120639A/en
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Publication of US2120639A publication Critical patent/US2120639A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • B66C1/22Rigid members, e.g. L-shaped members, with parts engaging the under surface of the loads; Crane hooks
    • B66C1/28Duplicate, e.g. pivoted, members engaging the loads from two sides
    • B66C1/30Duplicate, e.g. pivoted, members engaging the loads from two sides and also arranged to grip the sides of the loads

Description

C. F. BUENTE June 14, 1938.
CARRIER 2 SheeCs-Sheet 1 Filed Oct. 5, 1956 4; ATTORNEYS.
Jul le 14, 1938. Q E 2,120,639
CARRIER Filed 001:. 5, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 5 5.45%EIII/ W/TNEJSEJ INVENTOR. I 1 BY m {5M fi ow 31W, 6%, 6 6.1%
A? ATTORNEYS.
Patented June 14, 1938 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFECE CARRIER Application October 3, 1936, Serial No. 103,915
13 Claims.
This invention relates to grapple mechanism and more particularly to improved apparatus for picking up and carrying coils of metal strip or the like.
Heretofore apparatus for carrying coils has been provided but this has been open to the objection that coils of varying widths and diameters can not be readily handled or can not be handled at all. Furthermore, known apparatus is ordinarily relatively complicated and expensive, is not easily manipulated, or damages the coils.
It is the general object of my invention to avoid and overcome the foregoing and other difficulties of known grapple mechanism used, for example, to carry strip metal coils by the provision of improved apparatus of relatively simple but sturdy construction which is easily ma- 'nipulated in complete safety by the ordinary workman to handle coils of widely varying widths, diameter, and thickness.
Another object of my invention is to provide coil-carrying mechanism which functions to antomatically release a coil when the coil is deposited in the desired position.
.The foregoing and other objects of my inven- -tion are achieved by the provision of apparatus comprising a frame having a central pedestal with aligned arms secured to the pedestal and extending outwardly and. downwardly thereof. Aninwardly facing jaw is slidably mounted on each arm for movement to and from the pedestal. The jaws are moved outwardly of their sloping supporting arms by their own weight as will beunderstood. Links pivotally secured to the jaws are pivotally connected at their free ends to a shackle adapted to receive the crane hook or other means normally lifting the apparatus and the coil. Lifting the shackle moves the jaws toward each other and toward the pedestal so that a coil positioned between the jaws is clamped thereby and picked up by the apparatus, as will be understood- Incorporated in-the structure are latch means normally pivotally secured to one link and'extending into releasable engagement with the other for holding the. jaws apart when desired. In setting a coil carried by the apparatus down in a desired position once the coil has stopped moving the continued downward movement of the shackle moves the jaws apart and near the end of this movement the latch means automatically engages to hold the jaws in their most extended position.
Thus the crane can immediately lift the carrier away from the coil without a workman operating the carrier. I
In the accompanying drawings Fig. 1 is a side elevation of one embodiment of apparatus incorporating the principles of my invention; Fig. 2is 'a partial encl view of theapparatus of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a vertical transverse cross-sectional view taken on line IIIIII of Fig. 1; Fig. 4 is a crossscctional view taken on line IV-IV of Fig. 1 and. illustrating details of the pivotal connection between a jaw and the operating links; and Fig. 5 is a crosssectional View taken on line VV of Fig. 1 and showing in detail the manner of slidably mounting the jaw upon an arm of the frame member.
While the principles of my invention are broadly adapted to the construction of grapple mechanism adapted for substantially any use, they are particularly applicable to apparatus for carrying strip metal coils, as for example in a rolling mill, before, between or after hot or cold rolling operations. Accordingly, my invention has been specifically illustrated and will be described in conjunction with the handling of metal coils. It should be understood, however, that wire coils, barrels, cylinders,-or other means may be carried by the apparatus with little or no change in construction except perhaps the shape of the jaw member.
In the embodiment of my invention illustrated the numeral ll] indicates generally a frame which is ordinarily formed to include a pedestal l2 to which are secured aligned outwardly and somewhat downwardly extending arms l4. The particular angle that the arms make with the horizontal is ordinarily about or so that the outer end of each arm is just above the lower surface of the pedestal l2 as will be evident from a consideration of Fig. 1.
Slidably mounted on each arm 14 is a jaw member, indicated as a whole by the numeral l6, which may take a plurality of forms but in the particular embodiment of the invention illustrated comprises side plates l8 spaced apart by blocks l9 a sufficient distance to allow the arm 14 to move therebetween. Journaled on shafts 20 fixed between the side plates l8 are rollers 22 which are formed with grooved peripheries engaging with the top and bottom surface of each arm M as particularly evident from Figs. 1 and 5. By using two rollers 22 at the top and two at the bottom of the arm l4 each jaw member l6 has a very sturdy slidable mounting on the arm.
The side plates l8 of each jaw member I6 are formed with an inwardly directed portion to which is welded a curved plate 26 which forms the surface of the jaw member which engages secured between the lower ends'of the plates and which extends beneath the curved plate 26 to additionally strengthen it. .A face plate 30 The mechanism for moving the jaw members [6 toward and from the pedestal l2 and thus toward and from each other includes clevis or shackle 34 adapted to receive a crane hook whereby the carrier can be lifted. Pivotally secured to the shackle 34 are two sets of links 36 and 38. The links 36 extend to and are pivotally secured to one jaw member, as is best illustrated in Fig. 4, by extending one of the shafts 28 to receive the ends of the links. The other set of links 38 is pivotally secured to the other jaw member I 6 in a similar manner.
It is part of my inventive concept to provide the carrier apparatus just described with latch means for automatically but releasably holding the jaw members 16 in their most extended or widest open position. Relatively simple means to accomplish the desired result comprise a latch 42 which is pivotally secured as at 44 to and be tween the links 35. The latch 42 extends slidably above a pin 46 mounted between the links 38 which pin engages with a notch 48 formed on the latch 42 when the jaw members are almost at the end of their outward movement on the arms M. The latch 42 is formed with an operating handle 50 whereby the latch mechanism can be manually operated by a Workman when desired.
The inward movement of the jaw members [6 on the arms I4 is limited by engagement of the members with the pedestal 12 which may be centrally slotted to allow the greatest possible inward movement of the jaw members. The outward movement of the members is limited by the provision of stops such as pins 54 mounted o the ends of the arms l4.
It is believed that the operation of the carrier will be evident from the foregoing description and the accompanying drawings. However, briefly summarizing, when it is desired to pick up a coil the carrier supported upon a crane-is normally in the full line position illustrated in 'Fig. l with the latch 42 engaged behind the pin 46. The carrier is lowered down over the coil until the pedestal l2 engages with the coil in a top central position. The workman then raises latch 42 through operating handle 50 to disengage notch 43 from pin 46 and the carrier is lifted at which time the jaw members it move inwardly on arms 14 until face plates 30 engage with the ends of the coil. Continued vertical movement of the shackle 34 by the crane moves curved plates 26 into engagement with the inner periphery of the coil and the coil is bodily raised.
The coil is then carried by the traveling crane to a desired destination and the carrier is lowered until the coil engages with the'fioor or other support upon which it is being placed. Continued downward movement of the crane hook and shackle 34 moves the curved plates 26 away from the inside periphery of the coil and causes the pedestal E2 to engage with the top central portion of the outer surface of the coil. Continued movement downward of the shackle 34 moves the jaw members it out to the ends of the arms l4 until they contact with the stops 54. Just prior to the contact of the jaw members [6 with the stops 54 the latch 42 engages with a pin 46xso.
that the carrier can immediately be raised without attention by a workman on the floor and can 'modified jaws.
be moved where desired to perform any subsequent coil-carrying operations.
Itwill be seen that the objects of my invention "have been achieved by'the provision of relatively sturdy, safe, simple, and easily operated apparatus for carrying coils and the like without damage thereto. As specifically shown in Fig. 1, the apparatus is adapted to handle coils of 'Widely varying widths, as, for example, from 24 inches to 78 inches. The full'line position illustrates the apparatus in its fully extended position where it is adapted to handle a relatively wide coil and the dotted lines indicate the apparatus in substantially its narrowest position where it is adapted to handle a relatively narrow coil. The apparatus is relatively inexpensive and can be operated by'the ordinary workman without special training.
While as generally indicated above the apparatus can be .used for other purposes than the handling of metal coils, it should be particularly understood that the apparatus can be adapted to the handling of fiat sheets or other cast or rolled .metal bodies by the provision of different or I likewise contemplate the provision of a double frame having two sets of aligned arms each set carrying a pair of jaw members so that in all four jaw members are provided. In this modification of my invention particularly adapted to the handling of sheets or rectangular bodies the frame is, of course, integral and the 'two sets of jaw members can be interconnected 1. A coil carrier comprising a frame including -a central pedestal, aligned arms secured to the pedestal and extending outwardly and slightly downwardly therefrom, an inwardly facing jaw slidably mounted on each arm for movement to and from the pedestal, a crane shackle, links pivotally secured to one jaw and pivotally connected to the shackle, links pivotally secured to the other jaw and pivotally connected to the shackle, and a latch pivotally secured to one set :of links and extending into releasable engagement with the other set of links for holding the jaws apart near their most extended position, said latch being automatically set during the release of a coil by lowering the shackle toward the pedestal which engages with the top of the coil.
:2. A carrier apparatuscomprising a frame including a central pedestal, aligned arms secured to the pedestal and extending outwardly and downwardly thereof, an inwardly facing jaw slidably mounted on each'arm for movement'to and from the pedestal, and normally held by its own weight at the outward end of its supporting arm, a crane shackle, a link pivotally secured to one jaw and pivotally connected to the shackle, a link pivotally secured to the other jaw and pivotally connected to the shackle, and a latch pivcentral pedestal, substantially horizontal aligned arms secured to the pedestal and extending outwardly therefrom, an inwardly facing jaw slidably mounted On each arm for movement to and from the pedestal, a crane shackle free for movement to and from the frame, a rigid link pivotally secured directly to one jaw and pivotally connected directly to the shackle, a rigid link pivotally secured directly to the other jaw and pivotally connected directly to the shackle so that movement of the shackle to and from the frame effects outward and inward movement respectively of the jaws, and latch means for releasably holding the jaws apart when desired.
4. A carrier comprising a frame including a central pedestal, substantially horizontal aligned arms secured to the pedestal and extending outwardly therefrom, an inwardly facing jaw slidably mounted on each arm for movement to and from the pedestal, a crane shackle free for movement to and from the frame, a rigid link pivotally secured directly to one jaw and pivotally connected directly to the shackle, and a rigid link pivotally secured directly to the other jaw and pivotally connected directly to the shackle so that movement of the shackle to and from the frame effects outward and inward movement respectively of the jaws.
5. A carrier mechanism comprising a frame including substantially horizontal aligned arms extending outwardly thereof, an inwardly facing jaw slidably mounted on each arm for movement to and from each other, a crane shackle free for movement to and from the frame, a rigid link pivotally secured directly to one jaw and pivotally connected directly to the shackle, a rigid link pivotally secured directly to the other jaw and pivotally connected directly to the shackle so that movement of the shackle to and from the frame effects outward and inward movement respectively of the jaws, and a latch pivotally secured to one link and extending into releasable engagement with the other for holding the jaws apart near their most extended position.
6. A carrier mechanism comprising a frame including substantially horizontal aligned arms extending outwardly, thereof, an inwardly facing jaw slidably mounted on each arm for movement to and from eachother, a crane shackle free for movement to and fromthe frame, a rigid link pivotally secured directly to one jaw and pivotally connected directly to the shackle, a rigid link pivotally secured directly to the other jaw and pivotally connected directly to the shackle so that movement of the shackle to and from the frame effects outward and inward movement respectively of the jaws, and a latch holding the jaws apart near their most extended position.
7. A carrier mechanism comprising a frame including substantially horizontal aligned arms extending outwardly thereof, an inwardly facing jaw slidably mounted on each arm for movement to and from each other, a crane shackle free for movement to and from the frame, a rigid link pivotally secured directly to one jaw and pivotally connected directly to the shackle, and a rigid link pivotally secured directly to the other jaw and pivotally connected directly to the shackle so that movement of the shackle to and from the frame efi'ects outward and inward movement respectively of the jaws.
8. In combination a frame, inwardly facing jaws slidably mounted on the frame for movement to and from each other, a crane block free for movement to and from the frame, a rigid link pivotally secured directly to one jaw and pivotally connected directly to the block, a rigid link pivotally secured directly to the other jaw and pivotally connected directly to the block so that movement of the block to and from the frame effects outward and inward movement respectively of the jaws, and a latch pivotally secured to one link and extending into releasable engagement with the other for holding the jaws apart near their most extended position.
9. In combination a frame, inwardly facing jaws slidably mounted on the frame for movement to and from each other, a crane block free for movement to and from the frame, a rigid link pivotally secured directly to one jaw and pivotally connected directly to the block, a rigid link pivotally secured directly to the other jaw and pivotally connected directly to the block so that movement of the block to and from the frame effects outward and inward movement respectively of the jaws, and a latch holding the jaws apart when desired.
10. In combination a frame, inwardly facing jaws slidably mounted on the frame for movement to and from each other, a crane block free for movement to and from the frame, a rigid link pivotally secured directly to one jaw and pivotally connected directly to the block, and a rigid link pivotally secured directly to the other jaw and pivotally connected directly to the block so that movement of the block to and from the frame effects outward and inward movement respectively of the jaws.
11. In combination, a frame including aligned oppositely inclined portions, an inwardly facing jaw slidably mounted on each inclined portion for movement to and from the central part of the frame but normally held by its own weight at the outer end of its arm portion, a shackle, linkage pivotally secured to one jaw and pivotally connected to the shackle, linkage pivotally secured to the other jaw and pivotally connected to the shackle, and a latch pivotally secured to one set of linkage and extending into releasable engagement with the other for holding the jaws apart when desired.
12. In combination, a frame including aligned oppositely inclined portions, an inwardly facing jaw slidably mounted on each inclined portion for movement to and from the central part of the frame but normally held by its own weight at the outer end of its arm portion, a shackle, rigid linkage pivotally secured to one jaw and pivotally connected to the shackle, and rigid linkage pivotally secured to the other jaw and pivotally connected to the shackle.
13. A grapple comprising a frame, jaw members mounted on the frame for movement toward and from each other to clamp a load therebetween, a hook, means for connecting the jaw members and the hook together so that when the hook is lifted the jaw members are moved towards each other with a clamping action, means associated with the aforesaid apparatus assembly for automatically locking the arms in substantially their fully open position, and means associated with the frame and adapted to engage with the load after it has been deposited and functioning to operate the locking means whereby the grapple can be raised without the jaws engaging the load.
. CHARLES F. BUENTE.
US103915A 1936-10-03 1936-10-03 Carrier Expired - Lifetime US2120639A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2512409A (en) * 1946-10-07 1950-06-20 Joseph A Adde Industrial lift truck
US2515918A (en) * 1946-11-07 1950-07-18 Weeks Hoisting tongs
US2642307A (en) * 1949-01-26 1953-06-16 American Brake Shoe Co Grab
US2874990A (en) * 1955-08-18 1959-02-24 Heppenstall Co Beam tongs
US3248145A (en) * 1963-07-31 1966-04-26 Diamond Irving Beam lifting hook
US20060000845A1 (en) * 2004-06-30 2006-01-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Dispenser for rolled sheet material

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2512409A (en) * 1946-10-07 1950-06-20 Joseph A Adde Industrial lift truck
US2515918A (en) * 1946-11-07 1950-07-18 Weeks Hoisting tongs
US2642307A (en) * 1949-01-26 1953-06-16 American Brake Shoe Co Grab
US2874990A (en) * 1955-08-18 1959-02-24 Heppenstall Co Beam tongs
US3248145A (en) * 1963-07-31 1966-04-26 Diamond Irving Beam lifting hook
US20060000845A1 (en) * 2004-06-30 2006-01-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Dispenser for rolled sheet material

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