US2118142A - Hand weaving frame - Google Patents

Hand weaving frame Download PDF

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Publication number
US2118142A
US2118142A US44731A US4473135A US2118142A US 2118142 A US2118142 A US 2118142A US 44731 A US44731 A US 44731A US 4473135 A US4473135 A US 4473135A US 2118142 A US2118142 A US 2118142A
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frame
posts
section
sections
form
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US44731A
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Constantine A Belash
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FELLOWERAFTERS Inc
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FELLOWERAFTERS Inc
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D29/00Hand looms

Description

May 24, 1938.

C. A. BELASH HAND WEAVING FRAME Filed 001;. 12. 1935 l I u u I a Patented May 24, 1938 UNITED STATES z is iz PATENT OFFICE HAND WEAVING FRAME Application October 12, 1935, Serial No. 44,731

8 Claims.

The present invention relates to improvement in hand weaving frames.

It is a principal object of the invention to provide a novel knock-down rectangular hand weaving frame constructed of identical sections or units which may be readily assembled to secure a rigid, serviceable frame of variable dimensions.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a hand weaving frame of this general type which may be assembled in either of two alternative ways to adapt the frame particularly for the weaving of a fabric of a given size with or without a fringe thereon as desired.

With these and other objects in view as may hereinafter appear, one feature of the invention consists in the provision of a novel standardized section having formed on the face thereof a row of yarn supporting posts extending the length of the section, and having the opposite ends thereof shaped to form the mating portions of a lapped joint such that two frames may be joined end-to-end to provide an unbroken sequence of posts along the extended side, or may be joined at a right angle to provide an unbroken sequence 5 of posts up to the corner on each side.

Another feature of the invention consists in a construction and arrangement of standardized sections of this general description in which the yarn supporting posts are located along the length :10 of the face portion of the section adjacent one edge thereof, and in which the mating portions of the joints are so formed as to permit the assembly of the frame with the posts toward the inside of the frame to form an unbroken sequence 35 of posts to each corner, or alternatively with the posts of each section located toward the outside of the frame to provide a gap in the sequence of posts at each corner to facilitate in the weaving of a fringed fabric.

40 The several features of the invention consist also in the devices, combinations and arrangement of parts hereinafter described and claimed, which together with the advantages to be obtained thereby will be readily understood by one 5 skilled in the art from the following description taken connection with the accompanying drawing, in which Fig. 1 is a plan View of a hand weaving frame embodying the present invention, assembled with the posts along the inside edge of :30 the frame; Fig. 2 is a hand weaving frame similar to Fig. l, assembled with the posts toward the outside edge of the frame; Fig. 3 is a plan view of a frame assembled from. six units to provide a frame of two units in length and one in width;

5:1: Fig. 4 is an enlarged perspective View of a single section; Fig. 5 is a detail side view on an. enlarged scale taken on the line 55 of Fig. 3, to illustrate particularly the manner of connecting two frames end-to-end; Fig. 6 is a view of the parts shown in Fig. 5 looking from the left; Fig. '7 is a 5 detail front view on an enlarged scale taken on the line l'! of Fig. 1, to illustrate particularly the manner of securing the sections together; and Fig. 8 is a perspective view of a portion of a frame section, to illustrate an alternative form of con- 1 struction.

The knock-down hand weaving frame illustrated in the drawing, comprises a number of identical sections which are assembled and fastened together to provide a rigid serviceable 15 frame Which is Well adapted for the weaving of plain or patterned fabrics by hand.

The present invention contemplates the provision of a standardized unit section which is constructed and arranged to permit the assembly 20 of four or more sections into a rectangular hand weaving frame of any desired size depending upon the number of sections used in the construction of each side, and which is further arranged for assembly in either of two alternative ways for Weaving fabrics having tight selvage edges, or fringed edges as may be desired.

A standardized section for a hand weaving frame embodying the several features of the present invention, is illustrated particularly in Fig. 4. This section comprises a rail l0 which is of a length to provide a convenient unit for the construction of a frame having any desired length of side, and is provided with a row of yarn supporting posts or pins [2 extending the length of 5 the rail on the face portion thereof and adjacent one edge. One end of the rail has the top portion thereof cut away to form a tongue l4, and the other end has the under portion cut away to form a tongue I 6. The tongues l4 and i6 formed in this manner, are arranged to provide the mating portions of a square lapped joint, so that two or more sections may be fitted together with their surface portions in abutting relationship either in a straight line to provide an elongated side of the frame, or at right angles to form the corner portions thereof. There is also formed in each of the tongues i i and [6, a hole which extends downwardly through the exact center of the tongue, so that the holes in the overlapping tongues will be accurately registered to receive a fastening screw Hi to rigidly secure the adjoining sections together in each of the end-to-end and right angle positions in which they may be a s m led.

The pins in applicants unit section are arranged in spaced sequence to provide a substantially equal spacing of the warp and weft yarns in weaving to produce a uniform, even appearing fabric. While an even spacing of the posts throughout the entire length of the section, as illustrated by the drawing, is to be preferred, it will be understood that a slightly varied spacing between the posts may be employed to produce any desired grouping for convenience in setting up the fabric. The end posts at each end of the section are located with relation to the end of the surface portions thereof, so that when two sections are fitted end-to-end as shown in Fig. 3, the continuity in the spacing employedis preserved throughout the entire length of the extended side of the frame.

In the preferred construction disclosed, the posts are mounted adjacent one edge of the section or rail 10 being spaced with relation thereto, so that when the frame is assembled with the posts toward the inside as shown in Fig; 1, these posts will be located with relation to the edge warp or weft yarns supported on the end posts of the adjacent sides of the frame to insure the correct formation of a firm selvage edge. A relatively wide spacing is preserved between the posts and the other edge of the rail In, so that when the frame is assembled with the posts toward the outside edge of the frame as illustrated in Fig. 2,

v a gap is left in the sequence of posts at each icorner which is substantially equal to the width of the rail. This gap in the spacing of the posts at the corners serves as a convenient guide to determine the position of the edge warp and weft yarns on each side to produce a fringe of uniform width around the fabric. With the construction illustrated, it will readily be seen that a section or rail of any desired width may be employed to produce a fringe of corresponding width without in any way interfering with the operation-of assembling or functions of the frame as above described. The fringed fabric formed in this manner will have a solid center portion identical in size with that produced on the frame assembled in the converse manner with the posts to the inside of the frame as shown in Fig. 1.

The manner in which the individual sections may 7 element 20 is fitted over the adjoining portions of the joint on the under side of the frame as shown in Fig. 6, and the fastening screw I8 is thenpassed through an aperture formed in the bracket 20, and screwed into the overlapping tongues I4 and I6 to form a joint of'considerable rigidity and strength;

A" modified form of applicants standardized section for hand weaving frames is illustrated in Fig. '7, the entire section 22 in this instance including the posts being cut out of a single block of wood or other suitable material. The posts of themodified construction as indicated at 24 in Fig. '7, are made considerably heavier for added strength and also to provide a more nearly even spacing of the yarns when doubled back around the posts. In this form of the invention, the posts are rectangular in shape and the sides of the posts toward the edge form a continuation of the side wall of the section to provide'a simple and easily constructed unit. As in the form illustrated in Fig. 4, a relatively narrow space is provided between the end post and the end of the surface portion of the rail 22 to preserve a uniform sequence in the spacing of the posts of adjoining sections when placed end-to-end, and also to provide suflicient space for the laying of the-edge warp and weft yarn when the frame is assembled for the weaving of a fabric having a tight selvage edge.

t will also be understood that the invention in its broader aspects is not limited to the specific form of joint provided for connecting the adjacent sections,=but is intended to cover broadly any equivalent formation of the two ends of applicants standardized section which will enablethe surface portions of the adjacent sections-to be brought into abutting relationship alternatively end-to-end or at right angles, in the manner and for the purposes described.

The invention having been described, what is claimed is:-

l. A knock-down hand weaving frame comprising a plurality of identical Sections fitted together to form'a rectangular frame of adjustable dimensions, each of said sections having the opposite ends thereof shaped to form the mating portions of a joint constructed and arranged for the fitting'together of adjoining sections alternatively inv a locking rectangular relationship to formthe corners of the frame, or in a looking straight line relationship to provide extended sides and having on the face of each section a row of yarn supporting posts extending the length of the section in spaced sequence and having the end posts of the sections spaced with relation to the mating joint portions thereof to provide a normal sequence of spacing between the end posts of adjacent sections placed in looking straight line relationship.

ZJAknock-doWn hand weaving frame comprising a plurality of identical sections fitted together to form a rectangular frame of adjustable dimensions, each of said sections having the opposite ends thereof shaped to form the mating portions of asquare lapped joint to permit the fitting together of adjoining sections in looking rectangular relationship to form the corners of the frame, or in a looking straight line relationship to provide extended sides and having a row of yarn supporting posts extending the length of the section in spaced sequence, the end posts of each'section being spaced with relation to the mating joint portions thereof to provide a normal sequence of spacing between the end posts of adjacent sections when placed in looking straight line relationship, and fastening means for each joint.

3. A knockdown hand weaving frame comprising a plurality of identical sections fitted together to form a rectangular frame, each of said sections being provided adjacent one edge on the face thereof with a row of yarn supporting posts extending the length of the section in spaced sequence, and having the opposite ends thereof shaped to form the mating portions of a rectangular butted joint of the face portion of one section at each corner for the weaving of a fringed fabric.

4. A hand weaving frame comprising a plurality of identical sections fitted together to form a rectangular frame, each of said sections being provided adjacent one edge on the face thereof with a row of yarn supporting posts extending the length of the section in spaced sequence, the opposite ends of the section being shaped to form the mating portions of a square lapped joint to permit the joining of said sections in rectangular relationship at each corner of the frame alternatively with the posts of each section located at the inner edge of the frame to provide an unbroken sequence of posts, or with the posts of each section located toward the outside of the frame to provide a gap in the sequence of posts substantially equal to the width of the section at each corner for the weaving of a fringed fabric.

5. A knock-down hand weaving frame comprising a plurality of identical sections fitted together to form a rectangular frame of adjustable dimensions, each of said sections being provided adjacent one edge on the face thereof with a row of yarn supporting posts extending the length of the section in spaced sequence, the opposite ends of the frame being shaped to form the mating portions of a square lapped joint to permit the joining of adjoining sections in a looking straight line relationship to' provide an elongated side having an unbroken sequence of yarn supporting posts, and the joining of sections to form the corners of the frame in looking rectangular relationship in one direction to locate said posts upon the outer edge of the frame, or in the other direction to locate said posts upon the inner edge of the frame.

6. A hand weaving frame comprising a plurality of identical sections fitted together to form a rectangular frame of adjustable dimensions, each of said sections being provided adjacent one edge on the face thereof with a row of yarn supporting posts extending the length of the section in spaced sequence, and having the opposite ends thereof shaped for fitting together said sections alternatively in a straight line relationship to provide elongated sides having an unbroken sequence of yarn supporting posts, and to form rectangular joints of adjoining, corner sections in one direction to position the posts of each section at the inner edge of the frame to provide an unbroken sequence of posts, or alternatively in the other direction to position the posts of each section toward the outside of the frame to provide a gap in the sequence of posts substantially equal to the width of the section at each corner for the weaving of a fringed fabric.

'7. A standardized section for use in a knockdown hand weaving frame constructed from a single block of unit length having the ends thereof fashioned to form the mating portions of a square lapped joint and having formed thereon a row of rectangular yarn supporting posts, said posts being located in spaced sequence along one edge and having the end posts of the section spaced with relation to the mating joint portions thereof to provide a normal sequence of spacing between the end posts of adjacent sections when placed in looking straight line relationship.

8. A standardized section for use in a knockdown hand weaving frame comprising a plurality of identical sections fitted together to form a rectangular frame of adjustable dimensions, said section having the opposite ends thereof shaped to form the mating portions of a joint constructed and arranged for the fitting together of said section with adjoining identical sections alternatively in a locking rectangular relationship to form the corners of the frame, or in a locking straight line relationship to provide extended sides, and having on the face of said section, a row of yarn supporting posts extending the length of the section in spaced sequence, and having the end posts of the section spaced with relation to the mating joint portions thereof to provide a normal sequence of spacing between the end posts of said section and adjacent identical sections when placed in looking straight line relationship therewith.

CONSTANTINE A. BELASH.

US44731A 1935-10-12 1935-10-12 Hand weaving frame Expired - Lifetime US2118142A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2433307A (en) * 1945-09-19 1947-12-23 Thomas John Wimberly Adjustable hand weaving frame
US2573484A (en) * 1950-05-02 1951-10-30 Guy L Phelps Hand loom
US5146659A (en) * 1990-11-30 1992-09-15 Spriggs Ii Carl R Triangular weaving frame
US20160340810A1 (en) * 2015-05-20 2016-11-24 Clover Mfg. Co., Ltd. Weaving loom
USD773174S1 (en) * 2015-05-18 2016-12-06 Clover Mfg. Co., Ltd. Oval knitting loom
US9695527B1 (en) 2016-01-26 2017-07-04 Orchard Yarn and Thread Company, Inc. Universal hand loom kit for weaving and creating embellishments

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2433307A (en) * 1945-09-19 1947-12-23 Thomas John Wimberly Adjustable hand weaving frame
US2573484A (en) * 1950-05-02 1951-10-30 Guy L Phelps Hand loom
US5146659A (en) * 1990-11-30 1992-09-15 Spriggs Ii Carl R Triangular weaving frame
USD773174S1 (en) * 2015-05-18 2016-12-06 Clover Mfg. Co., Ltd. Oval knitting loom
US20160340810A1 (en) * 2015-05-20 2016-11-24 Clover Mfg. Co., Ltd. Weaving loom
US9896789B2 (en) * 2015-05-20 2018-02-20 Clover Mfg. Co., Ltd. Weaving loom
US9695527B1 (en) 2016-01-26 2017-07-04 Orchard Yarn and Thread Company, Inc. Universal hand loom kit for weaving and creating embellishments

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