US2107831A - Machine for the manufacture of ribbed piping - Google Patents

Machine for the manufacture of ribbed piping Download PDF

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Publication number
US2107831A
US2107831A US100949A US10094936A US2107831A US 2107831 A US2107831 A US 2107831A US 100949 A US100949 A US 100949A US 10094936 A US10094936 A US 10094936A US 2107831 A US2107831 A US 2107831A
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United States
Prior art keywords
pipe
ribbon
guiding
machine
frame
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Expired - Lifetime
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US100949A
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Morseth Leif
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Aktieselskapet Per Kure Norak Motor & Dynamofabrik
Kure Norak Motor & Dynamofabri
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Kure Norak Motor & Dynamofabri
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Priority to CH2107831X priority Critical
Application filed by Kure Norak Motor & Dynamofabri filed Critical Kure Norak Motor & Dynamofabri
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21CMANUFACTURE OF METAL SHEETS, WIRE, RODS, TUBES OR PROFILES, OTHERWISE THAN BY ROLLING; AUXILIARY OPERATIONS USED IN CONNECTION WITH METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL
    • B21C37/00Manufacture of metal sheets, bars, wire, tubes or like semi-manufactured products, not otherwise provided for; Manufacture of tubes of special shape
    • B21C37/06Manufacture of metal sheets, bars, wire, tubes or like semi-manufactured products, not otherwise provided for; Manufacture of tubes of special shape of tubes or metal hoses; Combined procedures for making tubes, e.g. for making multi-wall tubes
    • B21C37/15Making tubes of special shape; Making tube fittings
    • B21C37/22Making finned or ribbed tubes by fixing strip or like material to tubes
    • B21C37/26Making finned or ribbed tubes by fixing strip or like material to tubes helically-ribbed tubes

Description

Feb. 8, 1938. MORSETH 2,107,831
MACHINE FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF RIBBED PIPING Filed Sept. 15, 1936 Patented Feb. 8, 1938 MACHINE FOR THE RIBBED r'mmmic'ruaa or rrrmo Leif Momui, Frydenberg, Ostre Aker, near Oslo, Norway, assignor to Aktieselskapet Per Kare,
NorshMotoi- '& Dynamofabrik, Oslo, Norway Application September 15, 1936, Serial No. 100,949 In Switzerland September 17, 1935 4Claims.
The present invention relates to a machine for the manufacture of ribbed piping as for instance described in U. S. Patent No. 1,909,704.
One object of my invention is to provide new and novel means, by means of which the guiding of the ribbon to the pipe under the manufacture of the ribbed piping will take place in a proper ,way. A further object of my invention is to construct an arrangement of said guiding means in such a way that the potential fall in the electric current which is used for the purpose of heating the ribbon at a time and before it is wound on to the pipe, shall be as small as possible, due to the by-pass of the current through the said guiding means.
For this purpose, my invention consists in a machine for the manufacture of ribbed piping and comprising-a frame, means for feeding a pipe rotating about its axis in the axial direction on the said frame and means for feeding a metal ribbon to be wound on to the pipe substantially normal to its axis and electrical means for feeding an electric current through the said ribbon from a point substantially adjacent to thepoint of contact between the ribbon and the pipe to a point on the ribbon remote from the pipe, guiding means adjacent to the said'pipe on both sides of the said ribbon adapted to maintain the said ribbon in proper angular relation to the said pipe, said guiding means comprising a plurality of pairs of guiding blocks, mounted on said frame and electrically insulated from each other.
In order that my invention may be readily understood, I shall now describe the same with reference to the drawing which diagrammatically illustrates a preferred embodiment of the same.
In the drawing,
Fig. 1 1:99. diagrammatical drawing, showing the complete machine for the production of ribbed'piping according to my invention.
Fig. 2 illustrates a detail of the machine to a much iarger scale and taken as a cross section on the line 11-11 of Fig. 1, and
Fig. 3 illustrates also to a much larger scale parts of the machine and the method of manu facture of the ribbed piping according to my in vention.
In the drawing, Fig. 1, l5 denotes the frame of the machine, on which is mounted a driving motor H, for instance of the conventional electric type, which by gears l8 rotates a gear i9 which extends from'one end to the other of the frame, and which is journalled in bearings 20 and 2| at each end of the frame. The pipe I, to be provided with a helically wound met l r bbon 2 which is supplied from a supply coil of ribbon 22, v is iournalled in a bearing 23 and may'in the free end 24 be held by some holding means, comprising a gear 25 and a shaft 26, iournalled in a bearing 21 at the opposite end of the frame I]. An electrical source of current I supplies electricity to the point 1, preferably where the ribbon 3 first contacts with the pipe I, and by means of another contact 8 the current is taken out from the ribbon 3 at some distance from this contact point 1. By passing a sufficient amount of current through the ribbon 3, this will be heated in such a way that it may easily be helically wound around the pipe I, when this is rotated by means of the gear I! and the gear 25. A notch or other means 28 may be arranged to engage with the thread between two windings of the said ribbon 2 and will tend to move the pipe I in the direction to the right on the drawing. when the same is rotated, whereby the ribbon 3 will be wound on to the pipe in a helix, as will be understood by anybody skilled in the art.
Close to the point where the ribbon 3 contacts with the pipe I, means l3 are provided for guiding the ribbon just before it is bent around the pipe. For the further understanding of the details of this invention, there will now be referred to Figs. 2 and 3.
As above mentioned, Fig. 2 illustrates diagrammatically one part of the machine as above described, looking on it in the direction of the pipe to be manufactured. In this figure, I as be fore denotes the pipe on which the ribbon 2 is to be formed in a helix. Electric current is from the secondary coil 4 on the transformer, the primary coil 5 of which is fed from some line of electric power, conducted to the point I preferably on the inside of the pipe I and is taken out from the ribbon 3 by means of an electrode 9 at a suitable distance from the point 1. Due to the passage of this current, the ribbon is heated, and the heat will of course be highest at the point where the band is wound around the pipe, due to the fact that this part of the band has been under the influence of the electric current during the longest period of time. At this point where the band is wound around the pipe, rather large stresses will appear. These stresses will tend to bend the band over to the side in such a way that it will not have the desired angle with reference to the pipe.
According to the invention a number of guiding blocks ll, II, I! and III, II, I! are arranged at this place, which blocks may be held in a frame II. which although preferably insulated from the frame of the machine I 5, is rigidly mounted on the same.
The guide blocks are of electrically conductive material and, if no means were provided to prevent the current from passing from the point I through the guiding block II and the block I3 and further through the guiding block if to the ribbon 3, this passage would constitute a rather low resistance shunt over the first partof the ribbon 3, which is to be heated by the of the electric current and consequently the action of the current on this part of the ribbon would be greatly reduced. In order to prevent this, insulating material 161s therefore according to the invention introduced between the guiding blocks H and i2 and the holding frame ll. Such insulating material may of course also be arranged between the guiding block Ill and the said frame i3; but this is not really necessary for the object to be fulfilled. Bythis arrangement one prevents the great drop of voltage which otherwise would be present, as will be understood from the following explanation:
Assume that instead of using a plurality of guiding blocks l0, H, I}, one uses only one pair of guiding blocks, the total width of the same corresponding to the sum of widths of the three guiding blocks I 0, H, i 2, then the drop of potential over this pair of guiding blocks would correspond to the potential drop ps, Fig. 3, and the resistance in the guiding block would equal the ohmic resistance of the said guiding block plus the surface resistance between the guiding block and the ribbon. By the division of the guiding blocks into a plurality of pairs of guiding blocks as illustrated in the drawing, the drop of potential over the first pair l0, l0 would equal 121, that over the next pair pa, and that over the last pair pa, and by proper dimensioning of the blocks, the resistance in the current path through one pair of guiding blocks which is parallel to the current path through the band adjacent to the block, would be large, compared with the resistance in the ribbon, due to the fact that the resistance in the first mentioned by-path to a substantial degree corresponds to the surface resistance between the band and the guiding block. Therefore, that part of the current which under the conditions according to the invention is not utilized for the heating of the band,. will be substantially smaller than that part of the current which would have passed through, if one pair of guiding blocks only had been used, assuming that the said blocks would have had the same total width as the sum of the pairs of guiding blocks used according to this invention.
It is, of course, understood that the details of the foregoing description with reference to the drawing only must be regarded as examples, and that a number of guiding blocks to be used must be chosen under the actual conditions to be met.
I claim:-
.1. In a machine for the manufacture of ribbed piping and comprising a frame, means for feeding a pipe rotating about its axis in the axial direction and for feeding a metal ribbon, to be wound on to the pipe, to said pipe substantially normal to its axis, and electrical means for feeding an electric current through said ribbon from a point substantially adjacent to the point of contact between the ribbon and the pipe to a point on the ribbon remote from the pipe, guiding means adjacent to the said pipe on both sides of the current-carrying section of said ribbon to maintain the said ribbon in proper angular relation to the said pipe, said guiding means comprising a plurality of pairs of guiding blocks of electrically conductive material mounted on the frame and electrically insulated from each other.
2. In a machine for the manufacture of ribbed piping and comprising a frame, means for feeding a pipe rotating about its axis in the axial direction and for feeding a metal ribbon, to be wound on to the pipe, to said pipe substantially normal to its axis, and electrical means for feeding an electric current through said ribbon from a point substantially adjacent to the point of contact between the ribbon and the pipe to a point on the ribbon remote from the pipe, guiding means ad jacent to the said pipe on both sides of the current-carrying section of said ribbon to maintain the said ribbon in proper angular relation to the said pipe; said guiding means comprising a frame, .a number of guiding blocks of electrically conductive material mounted in said frame, and electrical insulation between the said blocks.
3. In a machine for the manufacture of ribbed piping and comprising a frame, means for feeding a pipe rotating about its axis in the axial direction and for feeding a metal ribbon, to be wound on to the pipe, to said pipe substantially normal to its axis, and electrical means for feeding an electric current through said ribbon from a point substantially adjacent to the point of contact between the ribbon and the pipe to a point-on the ribbon remote from the pipe, guiding means adjacent to the said pipe on both sides of the currentcarrying section of said ribbon to maintain the said ribbon in proper angular relation to the said pipe; said means comprising a guide supporting frame, guiding blocks of electrically conductive material in the said guide supporting frame and electrical insulation between the said frame and the said frame of the machine.
4. Apparatus for the production of ribbed piping and of the type in which a ribbon is helically coiled upon a pipe and electrically heated to facilitate the winding of the ribbon upon the pipe, said apparatus including guide means adjacent said pipe for constraining said ribbon to a path of travel substantially normal to the axis of said pipe, and means for current through the ribbon from its region of contact with the pipe to a point remote therefrom, characterizedby the fact that said guide means comprises a plurality of pairs of electrically conductive guide members, and means electrically insulating said guide members from each other.
LEI! HORBE'I'H.
US100949A 1935-09-17 1936-09-15 Machine for the manufacture of ribbed piping Expired - Lifetime US2107831A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2821619A (en) * 1955-12-07 1958-01-28 Magnetic Heating Corp Continuous welding of strips and the like
US2988628A (en) * 1957-10-03 1961-06-13 Tube Prod Ltd Manufacture of finned tube
US3047712A (en) * 1961-02-23 1962-07-31 American Mach & Foundry Method and apparatus for welding striplike material to curved surfaces
US3140378A (en) * 1962-03-14 1964-07-07 Ohio Crankshaft Co Apparatus and method for welding strips onto a tube
US3246116A (en) * 1962-12-31 1966-04-12 Kentube Company Process for making finned tubes
US3377459A (en) * 1967-03-01 1968-04-09 Brown Fintube Co Method and apparatus for helically welding strip material
US3436517A (en) * 1965-04-26 1969-04-01 Biraghi Sa Method of and apparatus for making finned tubes
WO1993012900A1 (en) * 1990-10-11 1993-07-08 Advanced Combustion Engineering Limited Tube finning apparatus and method

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2821619A (en) * 1955-12-07 1958-01-28 Magnetic Heating Corp Continuous welding of strips and the like
US2988628A (en) * 1957-10-03 1961-06-13 Tube Prod Ltd Manufacture of finned tube
US3047712A (en) * 1961-02-23 1962-07-31 American Mach & Foundry Method and apparatus for welding striplike material to curved surfaces
US3140378A (en) * 1962-03-14 1964-07-07 Ohio Crankshaft Co Apparatus and method for welding strips onto a tube
US3246116A (en) * 1962-12-31 1966-04-12 Kentube Company Process for making finned tubes
US3436517A (en) * 1965-04-26 1969-04-01 Biraghi Sa Method of and apparatus for making finned tubes
US3377459A (en) * 1967-03-01 1968-04-09 Brown Fintube Co Method and apparatus for helically welding strip material
WO1993012900A1 (en) * 1990-10-11 1993-07-08 Advanced Combustion Engineering Limited Tube finning apparatus and method

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