US21065A - photo-litho - Google Patents

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Publication number
US21065A
US21065A US21065DA US21065A US 21065 A US21065 A US 21065A US 21065D A US21065D A US 21065DA US 21065 A US21065 A US 21065A
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Prior art keywords
pawls
ratchet
litho
photo
double
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Expired - Lifetime
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W10/00Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function
    • B60W10/02Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function including control of driveline clutches
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H29/00Gearings for conveying rotary motion with intermittently-driving members, e.g. with freewheel action
    • F16H29/02Gearings for conveying rotary motion with intermittently-driving members, e.g. with freewheel action between one of the shafts and an oscillating or reciprocating intermediate member, not rotating with either of the shafts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/15Intermittent grip type mechanical movement
    • Y10T74/1558Grip units and features
    • Y10T74/1587Grip features
    • Y10T74/1595Driving ratchet-bar or rack
    • Y10T74/1597Multiple acting

Description

I. CHAPMAN, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

CONVER'IING- RECIPROCATING INTO ROTARY MOTION.

Specification of Letters Patent No. 21,065, dated August 3, 1858'.

To all whom tm/ay concern:

Be it known that I, IsAAo CHAPMAN, of New York city, in the county and State of New York, have invented certain novel and useful Improvements in the Mode of Operr ating Shafts; and I hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which are lettered to correspond with and constitute a partof the specification.

To enable others skilled in the art of manufacturing to make and use my invention I will describe it as follows.

Description.

Figure l, is a ground plan of my improved method of operating a shaft by means of a parallel instead of a crank or rotary motion. Fig. 2 is a side view of the machine, showing the standards (A, A,) the frames (B, B,) that support the main shaft (N) the double ratchet wheel (E, E,) which is formed of two plates which are separated by aV number of antifriction rollers (i, z', i, z',) sufficiently far to allow the bearing Plate 1, of the frame (C,) to play freely back and forth between the ratchet plates or wheels (E, F,) and on the rollers (i, z', z', z').

Letters (e, e, c, 6,) are adjustable plates provided with a long slot to receive and operate the fulcrums of the pawls (1, 2, 3, &c.) `These adjustable plates throw the pawls or dogs out of or in gear with the ratchets when operated by the levers (D, (L) Fig. 2 and the springs (s, 8,) and slide plates e, e', e Letters (s, s) are two springs so arranged that they press firmly against the upper edge of the top plate (e, 6,) and against the lower or bottom edge of the bottom plate (e e,) are so constructed that they operate the pawls immediately over and under the center of the shaft (N).

I do not confine myself to the use of a double wheel (F) as my arrangement of pawls is equally applicable to a single wheel in which case the pawls are double but where areverse motion is required the double ratchet is used as shown in the drawings.

Fig. 3 represents one plate or ratchet wheel (E,) having the antifriction rollers (i, z', z',) attached. This ratchet is rotated by means of pawls (1, 2, 3, &c.) which are operated by their own gravity. Fig. l represents a single ratchet wheel (F,) which is revolved by the double pawls (1, 2, 3, Sac.) which are operated by the spring slides (e, e,) similar to Eig. 2. Fig. 5, represents another kind of wheel (E) operated by double pawls as aforesaid.

The advantage of my invention is first to counteract the dead center in a great measure. Secondly to get a parallel motion direct from the driving power, and thirdly, doing away with the necessity of stopping the power to reverse the action of the machine.

'Ihe iiy wheel may be dispensed with if necessary yet in most cases it steadies the motion better than any other application.

The pawls are readily thrown in or out of gear by simply moving the levers (D, ch) from one notch to the other and shifting the spring slides (e, e, and e, e,) in a horizontal direction.

I do not claim the separate or individual parts of the above described apparatus, but

)What I claim as novel and what I wish to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is- 1. The ratchet wheel or wheels (F, E,) in combination with the pawls (l, 2, 3, &c.) arranged and operated by means of a parallel motion in the manner substantially as described and shown in the drawings.

2. I also claim the manner of throwing the pawls (1, 2, 3, Sac.) in and out of gear with the ratchet, while the power is in mo-.

tion, by means of the levers (D, (3,) and the parallel spring slide (c, e,) in the manner and for the purpose set forth and shown in the accompanying drawings.

In testimony whereof I hereunto subscribe my name in the presence of two witnesses.

ISAAC CHAPMAN.

Witnesses:

DAVID CRowTHnR, JAMES P. MCLEAN.

US21065A photo-litho Expired - Lifetime US21065A (en)

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US21065A true US21065A (en) 1858-08-03

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US21065A Expired - Lifetime US21065A (en) photo-litho

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Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3083581A (en) * 1957-08-16 1963-04-02 Truman K Jamison Power generating system
US5689915A (en) * 1993-07-21 1997-11-25 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Sleeve having a detachable portion for forming a pot cover
US5704161A (en) * 1992-09-04 1998-01-06 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Plant cover and sleeve formed from two materials
US5722200A (en) * 1994-03-31 1998-03-03 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Sleeve having a detachable upper portion and a skirt portion
US5749171A (en) * 1994-03-31 1998-05-12 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Sleeve having a detachable portion forming a skirt and methods
US5752361A (en) * 1993-07-21 1998-05-19 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of wrapping a floral grouping
US5758472A (en) * 1993-01-06 1998-06-02 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve having scalloped perforations
US5899047A (en) * 1993-07-21 1999-05-04 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of manufacturing a tubular sleeve
US5944187A (en) * 1992-09-04 1999-08-31 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve with detachable upper portion
US5956898A (en) * 1993-01-06 1999-09-28 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Covering for flower pot and floral grouping
US5966869A (en) * 1993-07-21 1999-10-19 Southpac Trust Int'l, Inc. Floral sleeve having tabs for closure
US5974766A (en) * 1993-07-21 1999-11-02 Southpac Trust Int'l, Inc. Floral grouping wrapper and methods
US5975299A (en) * 1984-05-22 1999-11-02 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Wrapping material having a reinforcing element
US6000544A (en) * 1993-07-21 1999-12-14 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral grouping wrapper having a detachable portion
US6006496A (en) * 1994-03-31 1999-12-28 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve convertible into a decorative skirt
US6023885A (en) * 1998-04-27 2000-02-15 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve having a decorative pattern
US6047524A (en) * 1994-03-31 2000-04-11 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of attaching a sleeve to a pot
US6065242A (en) * 1984-05-22 2000-05-23 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Assembly for displaying a wrapped floral grouping mounted on a support surface
US6070390A (en) * 1992-10-13 2000-06-06 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of wrapping a floral grouping
US6076672A (en) * 1994-05-03 2000-06-20 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve with upper detachable portion
US6105771A (en) * 1993-07-21 2000-08-22 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Sleeve-type floral grouping wrapper
US6105310A (en) * 1994-05-03 2000-08-22 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve having expandable sidewalls
US6115962A (en) * 1994-03-31 2000-09-12 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Sleeve for covering a flower pot
US6125578A (en) * 1994-05-03 2000-10-03 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve having expandable sidewalls
US6136393A (en) * 1984-05-22 2000-10-24 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method for packaging and displaying a floral grouping
US6151865A (en) * 1988-09-26 2000-11-28 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method for wrapping a flower pot
US6151830A (en) * 1994-03-31 2000-11-28 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve having an extendable skirt and methods
US6161330A (en) * 1994-03-31 2000-12-19 Southpac Trust Int'l, Inc. Decorative covering for a flower pot
US20040023001A1 (en) * 1996-11-18 2004-02-05 Weder Donald E. Decorative sleeve cover for a floral grouping having a matte or textured finish on a surface thereof
US20040128910A1 (en) * 1994-03-31 2004-07-08 Weder Donald E. Method of covering a pot with a floral sleeve having a side-sealed bottom gusset
US6786004B2 (en) 1994-03-31 2004-09-07 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Plant package with tubular sleeve and pot cover
US20060254215A1 (en) * 1994-01-07 2006-11-16 Weder Donald E Methods for wrapping a floral grouping with a wrapper having a holographic design
US20090090052A1 (en) * 1997-06-26 2009-04-09 Weder Donald E Decorative sleeve cover formed of a polymeric material having a texture or appearance simulating the texture or appearance of cloth

Cited By (63)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3083581A (en) * 1957-08-16 1963-04-02 Truman K Jamison Power generating system
US6065242A (en) * 1984-05-22 2000-05-23 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Assembly for displaying a wrapped floral grouping mounted on a support surface
US5975299A (en) * 1984-05-22 1999-11-02 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Wrapping material having a reinforcing element
US6136393A (en) * 1984-05-22 2000-10-24 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method for packaging and displaying a floral grouping
US6151865A (en) * 1988-09-26 2000-11-28 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method for wrapping a flower pot
US5740658A (en) * 1992-09-04 1998-04-21 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method for forming a decorative cover about a flower pot
US5740657A (en) * 1992-09-04 1998-04-21 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method for forming a decorative cover about a flower pot
US6152301A (en) * 1992-09-04 2000-11-28 Soutpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve with detachable upper portion
US5944187A (en) * 1992-09-04 1999-08-31 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve with detachable upper portion
US5761880A (en) * 1992-09-04 1998-06-09 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of crimping a floral sleeve about a pot
US5704161A (en) * 1992-09-04 1998-01-06 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Plant cover and sleeve formed from two materials
US6135284A (en) * 1992-09-04 2000-10-24 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve with detachable upper portion
US6009664A (en) * 1992-09-04 2000-01-04 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Plant cover and sleeve formed from two materials
US6098377A (en) * 1992-09-04 2000-08-08 Southpac Trust International, Inc., Method of wrapping a floral sleeve about a pot
US5930982A (en) * 1992-09-04 1999-08-03 Soutpac Trust International, Inc. Method of wrapping a flower pot
US5979143A (en) * 1992-09-04 1999-11-09 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Sleeve having a detachable portion forming a skirt and methods
US6070390A (en) * 1992-10-13 2000-06-06 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of wrapping a floral grouping
US6148561A (en) * 1993-01-06 2000-11-21 Southpac Trust Int'l, Inc. Covering for flower pot and floral grouping
US5758472A (en) * 1993-01-06 1998-06-02 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve having scalloped perforations
US5956898A (en) * 1993-01-06 1999-09-28 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Covering for flower pot and floral grouping
US6088961A (en) * 1993-01-06 2000-07-18 Southpac Trust Int'l, Inc. Covering for flower pot and floral grouping
US6061958A (en) * 1993-01-06 2000-05-16 Southpac International Trust Covering for flower pot and floral grouping
US5974766A (en) * 1993-07-21 1999-11-02 Southpac Trust Int'l, Inc. Floral grouping wrapper and methods
US5996313A (en) * 1993-07-21 1999-12-07 Southpac International, Inc. Floral grouping wrapped with a floral sleeve
US5966869A (en) * 1993-07-21 1999-10-19 Southpac Trust Int'l, Inc. Floral sleeve having tabs for closure
US6123194A (en) * 1993-07-21 2000-09-26 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Sleeve-type floral grouping wrapper
US6105311A (en) * 1993-07-21 2000-08-22 Southpac Trust International, Inc Floral sleeve having tabs for closure
US5934015A (en) * 1993-07-21 1999-08-10 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of wrapping a floral grouping
US6105771A (en) * 1993-07-21 2000-08-22 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Sleeve-type floral grouping wrapper
US5752361A (en) * 1993-07-21 1998-05-19 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of wrapping a floral grouping
US6142299A (en) * 1993-07-21 2000-11-07 Southpac Trust International Inc. Floral grouping wrapper having detachable portion
US5899047A (en) * 1993-07-21 1999-05-04 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of manufacturing a tubular sleeve
US5689915A (en) * 1993-07-21 1997-11-25 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Sleeve having a detachable portion for forming a pot cover
US6061959A (en) * 1993-07-21 2000-05-16 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve having tabs for closure
US6000544A (en) * 1993-07-21 1999-12-14 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral grouping wrapper having a detachable portion
US20060254215A1 (en) * 1994-01-07 2006-11-16 Weder Donald E Methods for wrapping a floral grouping with a wrapper having a holographic design
US5722200A (en) * 1994-03-31 1998-03-03 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Sleeve having a detachable upper portion and a skirt portion
US6026631A (en) * 1994-03-31 2000-02-22 Southpac Trust Int'l, Inc. Method of crimping a floral sleeve about a pot
US6026630A (en) * 1994-03-31 2000-02-22 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method for forming a cover about a flower pot
US6786004B2 (en) 1994-03-31 2004-09-07 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Plant package with tubular sleeve and pot cover
US6016642A (en) * 1994-03-31 2000-01-25 Southpac Trust Int'l, Inc. Method for forming a cover about a flower pot
US6009687A (en) * 1994-03-31 2000-01-04 Southpac Trust Int'l., Inc. Floral sleeve having scalloped perforations
US20040128910A1 (en) * 1994-03-31 2004-07-08 Weder Donald E. Method of covering a pot with a floral sleeve having a side-sealed bottom gusset
US6112503A (en) * 1994-03-31 2000-09-05 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method for forming a cover about a flower pot
US6115994A (en) * 1994-03-31 2000-09-12 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of attaching a floral sleeve to a pot via bonding material
US6115962A (en) * 1994-03-31 2000-09-12 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Sleeve for covering a flower pot
US6161330A (en) * 1994-03-31 2000-12-19 Southpac Trust Int'l, Inc. Decorative covering for a flower pot
US6006496A (en) * 1994-03-31 1999-12-28 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve convertible into a decorative skirt
US6151830A (en) * 1994-03-31 2000-11-28 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve having an extendable skirt and methods
US5941020A (en) * 1994-03-31 1999-08-24 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Sleeve having expansion means for forming a skirt
US5930979A (en) * 1994-03-31 1999-08-03 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method for forming a cover about a flower pot
US5927048A (en) * 1994-03-31 1999-07-27 Southpac Trust International Sleeve having a detachable portion forming a skirt and methods
US6145274A (en) * 1994-03-31 2000-11-14 Southpac Trust Internaional, Inc. Floral sleeve having perforations
US5910051A (en) * 1994-03-31 1999-06-08 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Sleeve having a detachable portion forming a skirt and methods
US5749171A (en) * 1994-03-31 1998-05-12 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Sleeve having a detachable portion forming a skirt and methods
US6047524A (en) * 1994-03-31 2000-04-11 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Method of attaching a sleeve to a pot
US6125578A (en) * 1994-05-03 2000-10-03 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve having expandable sidewalls
US6119860A (en) * 1994-05-03 2000-09-19 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve with upper detachable portion
US6105310A (en) * 1994-05-03 2000-08-22 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve having expandable sidewalls
US6076672A (en) * 1994-05-03 2000-06-20 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve with upper detachable portion
US20040023001A1 (en) * 1996-11-18 2004-02-05 Weder Donald E. Decorative sleeve cover for a floral grouping having a matte or textured finish on a surface thereof
US20090090052A1 (en) * 1997-06-26 2009-04-09 Weder Donald E Decorative sleeve cover formed of a polymeric material having a texture or appearance simulating the texture or appearance of cloth
US6023885A (en) * 1998-04-27 2000-02-15 Southpac Trust International, Inc. Floral sleeve having a decorative pattern

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