US2096598A - Rivet - Google Patents

Rivet Download PDF

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Publication number
US2096598A
US2096598A US54984A US5498435A US2096598A US 2096598 A US2096598 A US 2096598A US 54984 A US54984 A US 54984A US 5498435 A US5498435 A US 5498435A US 2096598 A US2096598 A US 2096598A
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US
United States
Prior art keywords
head
rivet
shank
surface
ridges
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US54984A
Inventor
Francis L Sheane
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHELTON TACK Co
Original Assignee
SHELTON TACK Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHELTON TACK Co filed Critical SHELTON TACK Co
Priority to US54984A priority Critical patent/US2096598A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2096598A publication Critical patent/US2096598A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B19/00Bolts without screw-thread; Pins, including deformable elements; Rivets
    • F16B19/04Rivets; Spigots or the like fastened by riveting
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B19/00Bolts without screw-thread; Pins, including deformable elements; Rivets
    • F16B19/04Rivets; Spigots or the like fastened by riveting
    • F16B19/08Hollow rivets; Multi-part rivets
    • F16B19/10Hollow rivets; Multi-part rivets fastened by expanding mechanically
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/36Button with fastener
    • Y10T24/3628Integral or rigid stud
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49908Joining by deforming
    • Y10T29/49938Radially expanding part in cavity, aperture, or hollow body
    • Y10T29/49943Riveting

Description

Patented Oct. 19, 1937 UNITED, STATES RIVET Francis L. Sheane, Shelton, Conn., assignor to Shelton Tack Company, Shelton, Conn., a corporation of Connecticut Application December 18, 1935, Serial No. 54,984

3 Claims This invention relates to rivets. More particularly the present invention relates to a rivet provided with a downwardly converging head and with means for gripping the mate- 5 rial with which'it becomes intimately associated when in use. i w

A primary object of the invention is to provide a rivet that will allow distribution of stresses onthe material intimately associated therewith over substantially the entire area comprehended by the under-surface of the rivet head rather than merely to the portion of the material immediately adjacent the rivetshank; also, to provide means for exerting a drawing force on the material intimately associated with the under-surface of the rivet head, inward toward the rivet shank. to

counteract the tendencyotherwise inherent in. such downwardly converging head of exerting compressive forces outwardly on the material therewith associated.

Embodiments of the present invention include a. rivet having gripping means concentrically arranged on the under-surface of its downwardly converging head.

In preferred forms such gripping means takes,

the shape of a plurality of annular ridges concentrically arranged on the under-surface of the rivet head from the outer diameter of the rivet shank outward to the periphery of the rivet head,

each set of annular ridges, comprising those annular ridges which are mutually adjacent, in- ,cludin'g a groove between component annular ridges having its bottom closer to the top of the rivet head than are the free ends of the compo- 5 nent ridges.

advantageouslyemployed as equivalents of the concentric ridges- Further features and objects of this invention 40 are clearly set forth in the following detailed description together with the accompanying drawing, in which: I

- Fig. 1 is a view partly in side elevation and partly in vertical section of a. preferred embodiment of the present. invention.

Fig. 2 is a bottom plan view of the embodiment Various other formations having similar gripping characteristics may, however, be

I Fig. 5 illustrates in side elevation anothe'r'embodiment of this invention.

Fig. 6 is a bottom plan view of the rivet shown in Fig. 5.

Referring to the drawing and particularly to Figs. 1 and 2;at I0 is illustrated a rivet. including one form of gripping means contemplated by this invention.

The rivet I0 is preferably of unitary structure and may be produced by any of, the usual methods common in the rivet making art.

As component parts of the rivet-I0, are the shank II and the head I2, the shank II preferably including a recess I3 inits free extremity to facilitate spread of the material of the shank during the actual riveting operations, and the head I! having a downwardly converging undersurface.

On the under-surface of, and desirably integral with the head I2, is provided gripping means. Such means preferably take the form of a plurality of annular ridges I4 concentrically arranged between the outer periphery of the shank -I I. and the periphery of the head I 2, and desirably being of substantially V shape to present the biting edges Ha. It will be noted that each set of concentric ridges I4, comprising those concentric ridges which are-mutually adjacent, include between component ridges a groove for receiving the material to be held, the bottom of the groove being closer to the top of the rivet head than are the free ends of the stated component concentric ridges.

When the rivet is in its riveted holding position, the ridges I4 bite into the material with which they become intimately associated, and, when such material is subjected to external stresses, serve to distribute the effects of same over substantially the eritire' area comprehended by the undersurface of the rivet head I 2 rather than to merely that limited area immediately adjacent the rivet shank II. Thereby, undue stresses at such shank adjacent area are pre vented. I

In Figs. 3 and 4 is shown a specialized appli- 45 cation of the present invention wherein rivets such as l0, having downwardly converging heads I2,:preferably of a. general conical configuration, are utilized to fasten brake lining, such as l5, to a brake band, as at l6.

The assembly, represented by the brake lining I5 and the brake band It, is provided with rivet receiving holes II conflgurated to form a sub 'stahtially frusto-conical seat Ila, for receiving and positioning the under-surface of the heads I2 of rivets II in the material of the lining I 5, the shanks I of the rivets passing through the opening I! in the band l6 and being spread into holding position as at ll'a.

positioned, the downwardly converging rivet head l2, exerts a force upon the material of the lining IS in a direction substantially normal to the converging under-surface of the rivet head. Were this under-surface relatively smooth, as is commonly the case, there would arise undesirable stresses in the lining material l5, and, if such material were brittle to any degree, as in the case of molded linings, such stresses would tend to split off sections of such material under normal brake operation.

Thegripping means forming the substance of the invention, and illustrated at II in the form of a plurality of annular concentric ridges similar to those shown in Figs. 1 and 2, counteract the aforesaid splitting forces by biting into the material of the seat l la and tending to draw the lining in toward the rivet shank ll when the brake assembly is under operative stresses.

Another embodiment of gripping means is shown at 2|, Figs. 5 and 6, on the under-surface of the head of therivet 20, and is anotherexample of the various gripping formations comprehended by the present invention. The formations 2| include a plurality of arcuate projections arranged in substantially staggered rela-.

tionship on the area of the under-surface of the rivet head 22.

Whereas, I have described my inventionwith reference to specific forms thereof, it will be understood that many changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention.

I claim:

1. A rivet including a head and a shank, the

the converging surface of said head throughout the area thereof between the outer periphery of the shank and the periphery of the head, each set of gripping formations, which comprises those gripping formations mutually adjacent radially of the said converging surface, including between component gripping formations a groove whosebottom lies closer to the top of the said head than do the free ends of the said component gripping formations.

2. A rivet including a head and a shank, the bottom surface of said head converging toward said shank, and annular ridges concentrically arranged on the converging surface of said head throughout the area thereof between the outer periphery of the shank andthe periphery of the head, each set of annular ridges, comprising those annular ridges which are mutually adjacent, including between component annular ridges a groove whose bottom lies closer to the top of the said head than do the free ends of the said component annular ridges.

3. A rivet including a head and a shank, the bottom surface of said head converging toward said shank, and annular ridges concentrically arranged on the converging surface of said head throughout the area thereof between the outer periphery of the shank and the periphery of the head, each set of annular ridges, comprising those annular ridges which are mutually adjacent, including between component annular ridges a groove whose bottom lies closer to the top of the said head than do the free ends of the said component. annular ridges, said annular ridges being interrupted at intervals throughout their annular extensiom FRANCIS L. SHEAlTE.

US54984A 1935-12-18 1935-12-18 Rivet Expired - Lifetime US2096598A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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US54984A US2096598A (en) 1935-12-18 1935-12-18 Rivet

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2982166A (en) * 1958-07-24 1961-05-02 Robert W Hobbs Fastener head the underlying surface of which has means to smooth the workpiece surface
US4146118A (en) * 1978-02-14 1979-03-27 Zankl Robert H Brake shoe assembly
US4823921A (en) * 1988-02-08 1989-04-25 Anstro Manufacturing Co., Inc. Riveted brake assembly
US5365654A (en) * 1993-05-10 1994-11-22 Thermalloy, Inc. Interlocking attachment assembly
DE4410475A1 (en) * 1994-03-25 1995-09-28 Profil Verbindungstechnik Gmbh Vernietbares element assembly member with a vernietbaren element and riveting die and process for the preparation of the component assembly
WO2000045056A1 (en) * 1999-01-26 2000-08-03 Richard Bergner Verbindungstechnik Gmbh & Co Kg Punching rivet
US6325584B1 (en) * 1999-03-30 2001-12-04 Richard Bergner Gmbh Self-piercing rivet
US6824324B2 (en) * 2001-12-14 2004-11-30 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Technique for providing a pivot structure that facilitates the rapid formation of pivot couplings between components
US20110123294A1 (en) * 2009-11-20 2011-05-26 Newfrey Llc Stud and fastener with stud and flexible clip
US20130011217A1 (en) * 2011-07-08 2013-01-10 Guy Avellon Rivet With Improved Contact Surface
JP5137045B1 (en) * 2012-04-10 2013-02-06 株式会社ユニオン精密 Connecting member and connecting structure
US20140271037A1 (en) * 2013-03-13 2014-09-18 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Rivets with Anti-Rotational Features
CN105026774A (en) * 2013-01-31 2015-11-04 空中客车营运有限公司 Fastener
CN106089904A (en) * 2016-08-22 2016-11-09 苏州市顺仪五金有限公司 A kind of tapping screw
US10203011B2 (en) * 2014-06-11 2019-02-12 Volvo Truck Corporation Braking arrangement and an attachment member
EP3502492A1 (en) * 2017-12-20 2019-06-26 HILTI Aktiengesellschaft Attachment device

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2982166A (en) * 1958-07-24 1961-05-02 Robert W Hobbs Fastener head the underlying surface of which has means to smooth the workpiece surface
US4146118A (en) * 1978-02-14 1979-03-27 Zankl Robert H Brake shoe assembly
US4823921A (en) * 1988-02-08 1989-04-25 Anstro Manufacturing Co., Inc. Riveted brake assembly
US5365654A (en) * 1993-05-10 1994-11-22 Thermalloy, Inc. Interlocking attachment assembly
DE4410475A1 (en) * 1994-03-25 1995-09-28 Profil Verbindungstechnik Gmbh Vernietbares element assembly member with a vernietbaren element and riveting die and process for the preparation of the component assembly
WO2000045056A1 (en) * 1999-01-26 2000-08-03 Richard Bergner Verbindungstechnik Gmbh & Co Kg Punching rivet
US6325584B1 (en) * 1999-03-30 2001-12-04 Richard Bergner Gmbh Self-piercing rivet
US6824324B2 (en) * 2001-12-14 2004-11-30 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Technique for providing a pivot structure that facilitates the rapid formation of pivot couplings between components
US20110123294A1 (en) * 2009-11-20 2011-05-26 Newfrey Llc Stud and fastener with stud and flexible clip
US20130011217A1 (en) * 2011-07-08 2013-01-10 Guy Avellon Rivet With Improved Contact Surface
CN103362924B (en) * 2012-04-10 2016-12-28 株式会社友荣精密 Connecting member and link structure
CN103362924A (en) * 2012-04-10 2013-10-23 株式会社友荣精密 Connecting member and connecting structure
US8734074B2 (en) 2012-04-10 2014-05-27 Union Seimitsu Co., Ltd. Connecting member and connecting structure
JP5137045B1 (en) * 2012-04-10 2013-02-06 株式会社ユニオン精密 Connecting member and connecting structure
CN105026774A (en) * 2013-01-31 2015-11-04 空中客车营运有限公司 Fastener
US9366279B2 (en) * 2013-03-13 2016-06-14 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Rivets with anti-rotational features
US20140271037A1 (en) * 2013-03-13 2014-09-18 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Rivets with Anti-Rotational Features
US10208781B2 (en) * 2013-03-13 2019-02-19 Ford Global Technologies, Llc Rivets with anti-rotational features
US10203011B2 (en) * 2014-06-11 2019-02-12 Volvo Truck Corporation Braking arrangement and an attachment member
CN106089904A (en) * 2016-08-22 2016-11-09 苏州市顺仪五金有限公司 A kind of tapping screw
EP3502492A1 (en) * 2017-12-20 2019-06-26 HILTI Aktiengesellschaft Attachment device

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