US2090657A - Automatic firearm - Google Patents

Automatic firearm Download PDF

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US2090657A
US2090657A US686932A US68693233A US2090657A US 2090657 A US2090657 A US 2090657A US 686932 A US686932 A US 686932A US 68693233 A US68693233 A US 68693233A US 2090657 A US2090657 A US 2090657A
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barrel
slide
member
frame
caliber
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David M Williams
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David M Williams
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A21/00Barrels; Gun tubes; Muzzle attachments; Barrel mounting means
    • F41A21/12Cartridge chambers; Chamber liners
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41AFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS COMMON TO BOTH SMALLARMS AND ORDNANCE, e.g. CANNONS; MOUNTINGS FOR SMALLARMS OR ORDNANCE
    • F41A5/00Mechanisms or systems operated by propellant charge energy for automatically opening the lock
    • F41A5/18Mechanisms or systems operated by propellant charge energy for automatically opening the lock gas-operated
    • F41A5/24Mechanisms or systems operated by propellant charge energy for automatically opening the lock gas-operated by direct action of gas pressure on bolt or locking elements

Description

Aug. 24%,- 1937. D. M. WILLIAMS 2,090,657

FIREARM Fl'ed Aug. 26, 1935 6 Fg-j 4 Inventar' Dar/fd JV. Wfl/isms Patented Aug. 24, 1937 UNITED -STATES Pli'ralvr OFFICE Y An'roiua'rlc mEAaM Davia M. williams, Gmiwin, N. c. Application August 26, 1933, Serial No. 686,932

z'zcaigns.

In my prior application Serial No. 514,252 for Automatic rearms, iiled February 7, 1931, I have disclosed an invention applicable generally to rearms of various types. The present application is a continuation-impart of the said prior application. In accordance with the invention set forth in prior application, there is provided in combination with the barrel of the rearm a vibrating member, preferably chambered and having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel. The arrangement is such that an interposed gas contact area is provided whereby, upon ring, the vibrating member is forced rearward. The said vibratingmember is narrowly i5 limited as to its rearward movement and it abuts against the breech bolt or slide, the result being that, when the vibrating member is moved rearward under the iniiuence of gas pressure, an impulse is given to the breech bolt or slide which causes it to move rearward to the normal extent to effect the functioning of the firearm in the usual manner. Bly making the gas pressure area of suitable size it is possible to obtain, from even a small caliber cartridge, any desired reasonable force to satisfactorily operate the breech bolt or slide.

In accordance with the present invention I have provided various details of construction which make it possible for the before-mentioned vibrating member to be conveniently and simply combined with a barrel to constitute a readily separable unit adapted to be used with the other parts of a iirearm. The combined unit may advantageously be a sub-caliber unit adapted to be 35 used in arearm originally designed to re large caliber ammunition, the sub-caliber unit making it possible for smaller ammunition to be used and making it-possible for such smaller ammunition to satisfactorily operate the mechanism of the 40 firearm. While I do not so limit myself, the selfcontained unit consisting oi the `barrel and the vibrating member, whether of sub-caliber character or otherwise, may be adapted to constitute parts of an automatic pistol. More particularly 45 I have by the present invention made it possible to provide a sub-caliber pistol utilizing with little or no change the frame and associated'parts of a Colt automatic pistol, caliber .45, Government model. The sub-caliber pistol is constructed by 50 providing, in combination with the said Vframe and associated parts, a sub-caliber barrel and chamber unit, a slide adapted for cooperation with the sub-caliber ammunition and a magazine adapted for the sub-caliber ammunition.

55 In order that the before-mentioned substitution of parts may be more clearly understood, I have in the drawing shown a Colt automatic pistol, caliber .45, Government model, and I have shown three different embodiments of the present invention showing the parts which may be substituted for the standard parts to enable sub-caliber ammunition to be used. It will be understood that the Adrawing is intended for illustrative purposes only and is not to be construed as dening or limiting the scopeof the invention, the claims forming a part of this specication being relied upon for that purpose.

Of the drawing:

Fig. 1 is a combined side and longitudinal sectional view of a Colt automatic pistol, caliber .45, Government model.

Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1, but showing the parts constituting the present invention substituted for the standard parts. In this view the firing mechanism is shown in cocked position.

Fig. 3 is a side view of the vibrating chamber member.

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view taken along the line 4-4 of Fig. 2.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view taken through the breech bolt or slide, this view showing the extractor and iiring pin in full lines and the ejector in dotted lines.

Fig. 6 is a fragmentary view similar to Fig. 2, but showing the breech bolt or slide in its rearmost position. y

Fig. '7 is a fragmentary view similar to Fig. 2, but showing an alternative embodiment of the invention.

Fig. 8 is a detail side view of the vibrating or iioating chamber me ,ber shown in Fig. 7.

Fig. 9 is a fragmentary view similar to Fig. 2, but showing a still different embodiment of the invention.

The standard pistol as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawing is or may be substantially the same in construction as shown and described in detail in the two patents to John M. Browning No. 984,519 and No. 1,070,582. Reference may be had to the said patents for details not herein fully shwn.

The pistol comprises a frame I havinga handle or grip 2 with a recess therein for receiving a magazine of usual construction, the magazne not being shown in Fig. 1. Mounted on the frame l is a barrel 3 and a breech bolt or slide I. The rear portion of the slide 4 serves to close the breech or chamber oi the barrel as clearly shown in Fig. 1 and the forward projecting portion of the slide surrounds the barrel and is provided with a bushing at the forward end which supportsv the forward end of the barrel. The slide and barrel are initially locked in xed relationship to each other by 5 means of ribs 8 on the barrel which project upward into corresponding grooves in the slide. The slide and barrel are normally maintained in their forward positions by means of a coil spring l abutting at the rear against a tube which engages the frame, andabutting at the front against a tube detachably connected with the forward end of the slide. 'I'he barrel 8 is connected with the frame by means of a link 8 which is pivot'ed to the barrel at 9 and which is pivoted to the frame by means of a transverse pivot pin I0. 'I'he pivot pin I8 extends transversely through suitable holes in the frame and is provided at its left hand end with a handle I I by means of which the pin can be removed when desired. Carried by the frame I is a firing mechanism which includes a trigger I2 and a hammer I3 adapted to be cocked by the slide when it moves rearward from the position shown in Fig. 1. The details of the firing mechanism are not shown as they do not of themselves constitute any part of the present invention.. When the trigger is pulled the hammer is released and moves to the position shown in Fig. 1. In so moving it strikes the rear end of the firing pin I4 carried by the slide, and this rel and slide move rearward in unison, being locked together as before stated by the ribs 6. However, after a. short rearward movement in unison the rear part of the barrel is caused to move downward on accountC of the action of the pivoted connecting link 8, the result being to move rearward separately from the barrel. 'I'his separate rearward movement of the slide effects the cocking of the ring also effects the extraction and ejection of the empty shell. 'I'he slide is immediately returned in the forward direction by means of the spring engages the barrel 8 is reversed, the rear part of the barrel being elevated to again bring the ribs 6 into engagement with the grooves in the slide.

55 In accordance with the present invention I may and preferably do use many of the parts of the standard Colt automatic pistol, caliber .45, Government model, although the invention in its4 broader aspects is not necessarily so lim- 60 ited. Preferably and as shown in Fig. 2, use is made of a. standard frame I without any changes whatsoever, and use is also made of the standard firing mechanism in its entirety without any changes whatsoever. However, the barrel, the

65 slide. and the magazine are different as will now be described.

'Ihe barrel I5 shown in Fig. 2 is' in some respects similar to the standard caliber .45 barrel shown in Fig. 1, but it has a smaller bore,

70 as for' instance caliber .22. 'I'he barrel I5 instead of being reciprocable in the manner described in connection with the barrel 3 is rigidly secured to the frame I. Preferably and as shown the barrel I5 is provided with a depend- 75 ing lug I 8 having a transverse hole therein to receive the before-mentioned pin I8. Thus the barrel is rigidly connected with the frame by means of the same pin I 0 which serves in the standard pistol to hold the barrel connecting link The lug I8 preferably has an extension I 8 which fits a suitable groove in the frame to cooperate With the pin in such a way as to prevent the barrel from turning.' By preference in order to still more rmly connect the barrel with the frame the lug I6 is extended rearward so as to directly abut Iagainst a vertical surface II on the frame, as clearly shown in Fig. 2. The barrel while rigidly connected to the frame is neverassociation with the 4barrel. 5 so as to operate therewith to constitute a. self-contained readily removable unit. The member I8 is preferably chambered at I9 to receive a cartridge corresponding in caliber to the caliber of the bore in the barrel I5, and as shown it is adapted for receiving a .22 caliber long rifle cartridge. The chamber member I8 has telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel so as to be capable of limited endwise movement relatively to the barrel. Preferably and as shown the barrel has a cylindrical recess in the rear end concentric with the bore and the chamber member I8 has a forward projecting piston-like portion 20 fitting the recess to provide an interposed gas contact area 208A in the said recess at the front end of the forward projecting portion. The rear part of the chamber member I8 is extended radially and the upper part preferably conforms in outline to the outline of the barrel. The chamber member I8 terminates at the rear at a transverse plane adjacent the rearmcst transverse plane of the barrel I5.

A suitable means is provided to narrowly limit rearward movement of the chamber member I8, and as to this means there may be considerable variation Within'the scope of my invention. Preferably, however, and as shown in Fig. 2, the member I8 is provided with a depending eccentric lug 2I which is positioned in a notch formed in the rearward extending portion of the lug I6 on the barrel. 'I'his depending lug 2| is adapted to abut against the before-mentioned vertical surface I'I on the frame, thus serving to narrowly limit rearward movement of the chamber member. In addition to the depending lug 2I the chamber member is preferably provided with a rearward projection having an inclined upper surface 22 which constitutes a ramp and which assists in guiding cartridges into the chamber.

'I'he slide 23 is, in the main, similar to the slide 4 for the standard pistol, but differs insofar as is necessary to cooperate with the barrel I5 and with the smaller cartridges. 'I'he breech portion of the slide normally abuts directly against the rear face of the chamber member I8, as shown in Fig. 2, and it has a forward projecting portion at 23 with a longitudinal guide or bearing surface which engages the chamber member I8. The forward portion of the slide carries a .sleeve 24 similar to the sleeve 5 shown in Fig. 1, this sleeve having sliding engagement with the outer surface 25 of the barrel at the front end thereof. Preferably the outer surface of the barrel behind the said front bearing surface 25 is relieved as shown in Fig. 2 so that resistance and wear are reduced to a minimum as the slide moves rearward.

As shown most clearly in Fig. 5, the slide 23 is provided with a suitable .ring pin 26 for engaging and firing the smaller cartridges, and it is pro- 2.090,65? vided with an vextractor 21 adapted `for engasin and withdrawing the said smaller cartridges when the slide moves rearward.

The ejector 28 which is Aprovided for the standard .45 caliber cartridges is not suitably podtioned for engaging the smaller .22 caliber cartridges. and I therefore associate with the ejector 28 4a separate sub-caliber ejector .member 29 shown by dotted lines in Fig. 2. This ejector 23 directly engages the standard ejector 28. and in order that it may be firmly held in place it is provided with a forward extension outer edge by the side wall of the slide and which at its extreme forward end is entered in a notch 3| in the movable chamber member I3 and is in engagement nwith the rear end of the barrel. Preferably in order that the sub-caliber ejector 29 may be more firmly held, it is provided with a spring pressed plunger 32 which is exposed at the rear and which is adapted to engage the standard ejector 23. When the cartridge shell is drawn back by the extractor 21 it is engaged by the portion 2li*l of the ejector 29 and is thus thrown out through the ejection opening 23b formed in the slide 23.

In lieu of the standard vided a special magazine sub-caliber cartridges. As indicated in Fig. 2 the uppermost cartridge rests against a dependd ing central rib 34 on the slide 23. The magazine is provided with the usual spring pressed follower which serves to press the cartridges upward successively as each topmost cartridge is withdrawn and fired by the mechanism of the pistol.

It will be understood that when the parts are in the positions shown in Fig. 2 the pistol is loaded and cocked. cocking having been eifected by a prior movement of the slide 23 to the position indicated by dot-and-dash lines. Firing can be ected in the usual manner, movement of the trigger releasing the hammer which strikes the firing pin 26 and res the cartridge. Upon the firing of the cartridge the chamber member and the cartridge recoil rearward and at the same instant some of the expanding gases of explosion enter the gas contact area 20e and impinge against the front end of the piston-like portion 2li of the chamber member I3 to drive the said chamber member rearward with great force to the position shown in Fig. 6. As already explained the lug 2| serves to narrowly limit the rearward movement of the chamber member I8, but, as the result of the combined recoil action and gas pressure, the small movement of the chamber member is made with such force and speed that the slide is thrown rearward so as to effect Vits full normal movement. The slide moves rearward to the position shown in Fig. 6, thus eiecting the re-cocking of the iiring mechanism. The slide is immediately returned in the forward direction by means of the spring 1 and during return the central rib 34 on the slide engages the topmost cartridge in the magazine 33, pushing it forward into the chamber I9 of the member i8. The cartridge `is guided into the chamber by means of the inclined ramp surface at 22. 'I'he slide pushes the chamber member forward, thus restoring shown in Fig. 2. Cocking and reloading have thus been effected and the pistol is in condition to be. again red.

Preferably and as shown in Fig. 2, the chamber member is of such length that the forward end of the cartridge shell projects therefrom at the magazine there is proin Fig. 6 and by full lines 30 which is engaged along its;

33 adapted to hold the all `of the parts to the relative positions' front. By reason of this relationshiptliere is an assurance that metallic cannot be cut or abraded therefrom, so as to-be driven by the gases into the gas contact area. Itis obviously desirable to preventany possible accumulation ot metallic material in the said gas contact area. Y,

While the extent of movement of the chamber. member is quite limited. it is nevertheless sutilcient to permit the said member to remain in engagement with the slide during at least a portion of the barrel time of the pistol, that is. during the time required for the bullet to leave the front end of the barrel. The engagement between the chamber tained at least until the gas pressure is materially reduced. During this period the chamber member is being pushed rearward with considerable pressure, and thus there is maintained a gas lock which holds the slide and the chamber member in firm engagement during the period of high gas pressure within the barrel.

Inasmuch as the movement of the chamber member is very small the said member remains at all times in front of the path of the cartridges so that the cartridges can move upward into feeding position as shown in Fig. 6 even though the chamber member I8 may be in its'rearmost position. Furthermore, in view of the limited extent of movement, and in view of the fact that the chamber member is always in front of the cartridges, it is unnecessary to provide any special means for returning the chamber member to its forward position. The chamber member is free to move within the limits provided for it. and if it is not otherwise returned to its forward position it will so be returned by the slide as the slide moves forward and approaches its breeched position.

By properly determining the size of the pistonlike portion 20 of the chamber member I3, the gas contact area 20 can be made such as to give whatever force is necessary to effect the correct movement and functioning of the slide 23. By properly proportloning the parts the recoil effect with the .22 caliber cartridges can be made to very closely approximate the recoil effect of the standard .45 caliber cartridges. This feature of the invention is particularly important for firearx'ns intended to be used for practice or training purposes. The complete sub-caliber pistol as shown in Fig. 2 has, in the main, the dimensions and weight and the recoil action of the standard large caliber pistol shown in Fig. l. The subcaliber pistol may be used for practice and training purposes at a minimum of expense with the same benecial results that would be obtained with the standard pistol. Inasmuch as the size, weight and recoil action are the same, the skill and proficiency which may be developed by use of the sub-caliber pistol are retained when the standard large caliber pistol is used. After practicing with the sub-caliber pistol there is no unexpected or greater recoil action with the standard pistol to disturb or change the accuracy or speed of ring.

Inasmuch as the frame, firing mechanism and other parts of the gun are standard, it is practicable if so desired to sell a combination package comprising a standard frame with parts carried thereby, together with interchangeable standard and sub-caliber parts adapted to be assembled with the frame as may be desired. Thus a considerable economy is eected, as kthe purchaser need buy only one frame with associated parts,

particles orother solid member and slide is main- 4 using this one frame either for the standard pistol or for the sub-caliber pistol.

In Figs. '7 and 8. I have shown aA construction similar to that shown in Figs. 2 to 8, but diering v5 primariiyas tothe -means for limiting the endwise orrearward movement of the chamber member. The barrel 35 is similar to the barrel l5 alreadydescribed. and it ls similarly connected to the infame.` However, the barrel is supplementallyrecessed at 36 and this recess is provided` @with an `internal thread. The chamber member 3l is similar tothe chamber member I3.. but is provided with an external thread 33 adapted lto engage the internal thread onv the barrel. The, engagement between the two threads is .a loose one and is such as to permit a limited rearward moyement oi the chamber member when the cartridge is fired. The extent of this,v

movement is the same or substantially the same as that shown in'Fig. 6. Preferably, in order to prevent the chamber member 3l from turning, it is provided with a depending lug 39 which iits a specially formed notch 40 in the frame l.

The lug 39 may be also formed with an inclined z5 surface 4i adapted to serve as a ramp and corresponding to the inclined surface on the lug 22 of the chamber member I8. 'I'he action of the pistol shown in Fig. 7 is substantially as already described and repetition is unnecessary.

:0 In Fig. 9, I have shown a still different embodiment of the invention. The construction shown in this ligure is similar to that shown in Fig. 7, but differs in that there is provided a sleeve 42 with which the barrel 43 is detachably 5 connected by means of screw threads at 44. A spring pressed plunger 45 serves to prevent accidental rotation of the barrel with respect to the sleeve. The sleeve 42 is provided with a depending lug which serves to connect the sleeve to the frame, this lug being similar to that shown in Fig. 7. The chamber member 46 is or may be substantially the sameas the chamber member 31 shown in Figs. '7 and 8, and the sleeve 42 is provided with an internal thread adapted to engage the external thread on the chamber member 4.6 and limit endwise movement. A lug 4l on the member 46 prevents it from turning.

While I have shown and described my invention as embodied in a sub-caliber pistol incorporating parts of a standard pistol of larger caliber, it is to be understood that I do not necessarily so limit my invention and that as concerns certain phases of the invention it may be incorporated in an automatic pistol or other firearm designed and constructed entirely independently of any existing standard pistol or firearm.

'I'he expressions a barrel and chamber member readily separable as a unit from .the other parts of the rearm and "barrel and vibrator member readily separable as a unit from other parts of the firearm, or equivalent expressions as used in some of the claims, are intended to cover a barrel and chamber member which is normally dismountable from the receiver orv frame of the rearm by the user of the rearm for inspection and cleaning.

What I claim is:

1. For an automatic firearm having bolt means of the inertia type, a barrel and vibrator member readily separable as a unit from other carts of the firearm and comprising in combina- ;ion, a barrel provided with means for rigid at- ;a'chment to the frame of the firearm, 4and a viirator member having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an nterposed gas contact area whereby uponilring acuosa?.

the vibrawr member' is forced rearward, the ma member having means for narrowly limiting its rearward movement and being engagable. with the bolt means o! the ilrearm so that it causes normal rearward movement of the said bolt means. f. l l

2. For an automatic firearm having bolt means of the inertia type. a barrel and vibrator readily separable as a unit from other parts of the firearm and comprising in combination, a barrel providedy with means for rigid attachment to the frameof the rearm and having a cylindrical recess in the rear and concentric with the bore, and a vibrator member having a cylindrical forward projecting portion iitting the recess in the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby upon iring the vibrator member is forced rearward, the said member having means for narrowly limiting its rearward movement and being engagable with the bolt means of the iirearmso that it causes normal rearward movement of the said bolt means.

3. For an automatic pistol, a barrel and chamber readily separable as a unit from other parts of the rearm and comprising in combination, a barrel provided with means for rigid attachment to the pistol frame, a chamber member having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby upon firing thel chamber member is forced rearward, the said member having means for narrowly limiting its rearward movement and being engageable with the slide of the pistol so that it causes normal rearward movement of the slide, and an inclined ramp projecting rearward from the chamber member for guiding cartridges into the chamber.

4. An automatic pistol comprising in combination, a frame having a cartridge magazine recess, a reciprocable slide of the inertia type on the frame, ring mechanism on the frame and slide, a barrel provided near the rear with a depending lug by means of which it is rigidly attached to the frame, a vibrator member abutting against a forward facing surface of the slide and having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel independently of the frame to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward and is maintained `in contact with the slide .during the period of high gas pressure to provide a gas lock, and means for narrowly limiting the rearward movement of the said member while permitting the slide to continue its rearward movement separately therefrom.

5. An automatic pistol comprising in combination, a frame having a cartridge magazine recess, a reciprocable slide of the inertia type on the frame, ring mechanism on the frame and slide, a barrel provided near the rear with a depending lug by means of which it is rigidly attached to the frame, a vibrator member abutting against a forward facing surface of the slide and having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel independently of the frame to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when ring occurs, and means for narrowly limiting the rearward movement of the said member to maintain all parts of it at all times in front of the path of movement of cartridges from the magazine.

6. An automatic pistol comprising in combination, a frame having a cartridge magazine recess, a reciprocable slide on the frame, firing mechanism on the frame and slide, a barrel rigidly attached to the frame, a chamber member abutting against a forward facing surface of the slide and having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when firing occurs. means for narrowly limiting the rearward movement of the said member while permitting the slide to continue its rearward movement separately therefrom, and an inclined ramp on the chamber member at the rear thereof for guiding cartridges into the chamber.

7. In an automatic firearm, the combination of a barrel, a movable aligning and holding means for the barrel, said barrel being provided for a portion of its length with means to allow the holding means to move in a loose relationship to the barrel when the firearm is in the open position, and additional means for allowing the holding means to move in tight engagement with the barrel when the iirearm is in the ready to fire position.

8. In an automatic rearm originally designed to fire large caliber ammunition and modified to fire sub-caliber ammunition, the combination of slide means, a barrel cooperating therewith having a reduced'portion and an enlarged portion, the former allowing the slide means to move in a loose relationship to the barrel when the firearm is in the open position and the enlarged portion allowing the slide to move in tight engagement with the barrel when the firearm is in the ready to nre position, a movable member positioned adjacent the breech end of the barrel and providedwith a gas contact area capable of magnifying the effect of the kinetic energy of the exploding gases, thereby enabling the automatic firearm to function as satisfactorily with the sub-caliber ammunition as it would with the large caliber ammunition.

9. An automatic pistol comprising in combination, a frame having a cartridge magazine recess and having means for engagement with a reciprocable slide, a barrel rigidly attached to the frame and having a longitudinal bearing surface at its forward end and being relieved throughout a portion thereof behind the said surface, a chamber member having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the chamber member is forced rearward when firing- .occurs, means for narrowly limiting the rearward movement of the said member, and a slide on the frame normallyengaged by the chamber member so that the s'aid member causes rearward movement of the slide alditional to the rearward movement of the member, the said slide having at its forward end a short bearing surface engaging the said bearing surface on the barrel when the slide is in forward position and rearward.

10. An automatic rearm comprising in combination, a frame having a cartridge recess, a reciprocable slide on the frame having a longitudinal bearing surface, ring mechanism on the frame and slide, a barrel rigidly attached to the frame, a chamber member having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to pro- 70 vide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when flring occurs, the said chamber member abutting against a forward facing surface of the slide and also engaging a longitudinal bearing surface on the 75 slide, and means for narrowly limiting the reardisengaging the said surface as the slide moves ward movement of the chamber member while permitting the slide to continue its rearward movement separately therefrom.

11. An automatic rearm comprising in combination, a frame having a' cartridge magazine recess, a reciprocable slide of the inertia type on the frame, the slide being open at its front end, firing mechanism on the frame and slide, a barrel and vibrator member unit assemblable with or removable from the frame and slide at the front thereof, said unit having exterior dimensionsapproximatelycorresponding to the interior dimensions of the slide, the said barrel being rigidly attached to the frame and the said vibrator member normally abutting against a forward facing surface of the slide and having telescopic engagement with the rear part, of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when ring occurs, and means for narrowly limiting the rearward movement of the said vibrator inember while permitting the slide to continue its rearward movement separately therefrom.

12. A sub-caliber automatic pistol having in the main the dimensions and weight and the recoil action of a standard large caliber pistol, the said pistol comprising in combination, a substantially standard frame having means for connection with a standard large caliber reciprocable barrel and having means for engagement with a reciprocable slide, the said frame carrying the usual firing mechanism adapted to be cocked upon rearward movement of the slide and having the usual cartridge magazine recess, a subcaliber barrel rigidly attached to the frame in lieu of the standard reciprocable barrel, a chamber member having its chamber of the same caliber as the bore of the barrel and having telescopic engagement-with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when firing occurs,v means for narrowly limiting the rearward movement of the s aid chamber f member, and a slide on the frame engaged by the chamber member so that the said member causes normal rearward movement of the slide, the vsaid slide having a ring pin and an extractor adapted to engage the sub-caliber cartridges.

13. A sub-caliber automatic pistol having in the main the dimensions and weight and the recoil action of a standard large caliber pistol, the said pistol comprising in combination, a substantially standard frame having means for connection with a standard large caliber reciprocable barrel and having means for engagement with a reciprocable slide, the said frame carrying the usual firing mechanism adapted to be cocked upon rearward movement of the slide and having the usual cartridge magazine recess, a sub-caliber barrel rigidly attached to the frame in lieu of the standard reciprocable barrel and having a cylindrical recess in the rear end concentric with the bore, a chamber member having its chamber of the same caliber as the bore of the barrel and having a forward projecting portion fitting the recess in the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when ring occurs, an inclined ramp on the chamber member at the rear thereof for guiding cartridges into the chamber, means for narrowly limiting the rearward movement of the chamber member, and a slide on the frame engaged by the chamber member so that the said member causes normal rearward movement of the slide, the said x' a ring pin and an extractor adap e sub-caliber cartridges. 14. A sub-caliber automatic pistol having in the main the dimensions and vweight and the recoil g action of' a standard large caliber pistol, the said pistol comprising in combination, a substantially standard frame having a transverse pin for engaging a link connected with a standard large caliber reciprocable barrel and having means for engagement with a reciprocable slide, thesaid frame carrying the usual ring mechanism adapted to be cocked uponY rearward movement of the slide and having the usual cartridge maga.- zine recess, a sub-caliber barrel on the frame in lieu of the standard reciprocable barrel and provided near the rear with a depending lug having a transverse hole for receiving the aforesaid trans-VY verse pin, a chamber member having its chamber of the same caliber as the bore of the barrel and having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when firing occurs, means for narrowly limiting the rearward movement of the chamber v member, and aslide on the frame engaged by the chamber member so that the said member causes normal rearward movement of the slide, the said 'slide having a firing pin and an extractor adapted to engage the sub-caliber cartridges.

15, A sub-caliber automatic pistol having in the main the dimensions and weight and the recoil action of a standard large caliber pistol, the said pistol comprising in combination, a substantially standard frame having means for connection with a standard large caliber reciprocable barrel-and having means for engagement with a reciprocable slide, the said frame carrying the usual firing mechanism adapted to be cocked upon rearward movement of the slide and having the usual cartridge magazine recess, a sub-caliber barrel rigidly attached to the frame in lieu of the standard reciprocable barrel, a chamber member having its chamber of the same caliber as the bore of the barrel and having telescopic engagement with` the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when firing occurs, means for narrowly limiting the rearward movement of the said chamber member, a slide on the frame engaged bythe chambermemberso that the said member causes normal rearward movement of the slide, the said slide having a ring pin and an extractor adapted to engage the sub-caliber cartridges, and an ejector for the sub-caliber cartridges carried by the fram'e and held in place by the slide, the, standard ejector and the barrel.

16. For an automatic firearm having bolt means of the inertia type, a barrel and vibrator unit assemblable with or disassemblable from the rearm as a unit and comprising in combination, a

barrel provided with means for rigid attachment to the frame of the firearm, and a vibrator member having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area, the said member being freely separable from the barrel by longitudinal movement when both are disconnected from the frame of the rearm and the saidv member having a radially projecting eccentric lug thereon for engaging the frame to narrowly limit rearward movement when the barrel and member are assembled with the frame.

17. For an automatic pistol having a slide of the inertia type, a barrel and vibrator unit assemblable with or disassemblable from the a unit and comprising in combination, a barrel provided near the rear with a depending lug hav ing a transverse hole therein to receive a pin connected with the pistol frame, and a vibrator member having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area, the said member being freely separable from the barrel by longitudinal movement when both are disconnected from the pistol frame and the said member having an eccentric lug thereon for engaging the frame to narrowly limit rearward movement when the barrel and member are assembled with the frame.

1d. An automatic firearm comprising in combination,a frame having acartridge magazine recess, a reciprocable slide of the inertia type on the frame, firing mechanism on the frame and slide, a barrel rigidly attached to the frame, a vibrator member abutting against a forward facing surface of the slide and having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when ring occurs, the said member terminating at the rear at a transverse plane adjacent the rearmost transverse plane of the barrel and the said barrel and vibrator member constituting a unit assemblable with or disassemblable as a unit from the rearm, and a depending eccentric lug on the chamber member near the rear thereof directly engaging a forward facing surface of the frame to narrowly limit the rearward movement of the said member while permitting the slide to continue its rearward movement separately therefrom.

19. An automatic pistol comprising in combination, a frame having a cartridge magazine recess, a reciprocable slide on the frame, firing mechanism on the frame and slide, a barrel provided near the rear with a depending lug engaging a vertical forward facing surface on the frame, a chamber member abutting against a forward facing surface of the slide and having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when firing occurs, and a depending eccentric lug on the chamber member directly engaging the aforesaid vertical surface on the frame when the chamber member is in its rearmost position to narrowly limit the rearward movement of the said member while permitting the slide to continue its rearward movement separately therefrom.

20. An automatic pistol comprising in combination, a frame having a magazine recess, a reciprocable slide on the frame, firing mechanism on the frame and slide, a barrel and chamber member unit adapted as an entirety to be assembled with or removed from the frame and slide at the front thereof, the said barrel having a depending lug by means of which it is rigidly attached to the frame and the said chamber member normally abutting against a forward facing surface of the slide and having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when iring occurs, and a depending eccentric lug on the chamber member directly engaging the frame separately from the barrel when the chamber member is in its rearmost position to narrowly limit the rearward movement of the said member while permitting the slide to continue its rearward movement separately therefrom.

21. A sub-caliber automatic pistol having in the main the dimensions and weight and the recoil action of a standard large caliber pistol, the said pistol comprising in combination, a substantially standard frame having means for connection with a standard large caliber reciprocable barrel and having means for engagement with a` reciprocable slide, the said frame carrying the usual firing mechanism adapted to be cocked upon rearward movement of the slide and having the usual cartridge magazine recess, a sub-caliber barrel in lieu of the standard reciprocable barrel and provided near the rear with a depending lug engaging a vertical forward facing surface on the frame, a chamber member abutting against a l5 forward facing surface of the slide and having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when firing occurs, and a depending lug on the chamber member engaging the aforesaid vertical surface on the frame to narrowly limit the rearward movement of the said member, and a slide on the frame engaged by the chamber member so that the said member causes normal rearward movement of the slide, the said slide having a firing pin and an extractor adapted to engage the sub-caliber cartridges.

22. For an automatic firearm provided with a slide of the inertia type, a barrel and vibrator member readily separable as a unit from other parts of the firearm and comprising in combination, a barrel provided with means for rigid attachment to the frame` of the firearm, and a chamber vibrator member adapted to abut against the slide of the rearm and having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area, the said barrel and member having interengaging means for narrowly limiting endwise movement of the member relatively to the barrel.

23. An automatic firearm comprising in combination, a frame having a cartridge magazine recess, a reciprocable slide on the frame, ring mechanism on the frame and slide, a barrel 4,5 rigidly attached to the frame, and a chamber member abutting against a forward facing surface of the slide and having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when firing occurs,

the said barrel and member having loosely interengaging threads for limiting endwise movement of the member relatively to the barrel and the said member having a radially projecting lug thereon for engaging the frame of the rearm to prevent rotation of the member.

24. An automatic pistol comprising in combination, a frame having a cartridge magazine recess, a reclprocable slide on the frame, firing mechanism on the frame and slide, a barrel provided near the rear with a depending lug by means of which it is rigidly attached to the frame, a chamber member abutting against a forward facing surface of the slide and having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when firing occurs, the said barrel and member having loosely interengaging threads for limiting endwise movement of the member relatively to the barrel and the said member having a radially projecting lug thereon for engaging the frame of the pistol to prevent rotation of the member.

25. For an automatic firearm having a slide, a unit .readily separable as such from the other parts of the firearm and comprising in combination, a barrel, a sleeve detachably connected with the barrel and provided with means for rigid attachment to the frame of the rearm, and a chamber member adapted to abut against the slide of the firearm and having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area, the said sleeve and member having loosely interengaging threads for limiting endwise movement of the member relatively to the barrel.

26. An automatic firearm comprising in combination, a frame having a cartridge magazine recess, a reclprocable slide on the frame, firing mechanism on the frame and slide, a barrel, a

sleeve connected with the barrel and rigidly but detachably attached to the frame, and a chamber member abutting against a forward facing surface of the slide and having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when firing occurs, the said sleeve and member having interengaging means for narrowly limiting endwise movement of the member while permitting the slide to continue its rearward movement separately therefrom.

27. An automatic pistol comprising in combination, a frame having a cartridge magazine recess, a reciprocable slide on the frame, ring vmechanism on the frame and slide, a barrel, a

sleeve connected with the barrel and provided near the rear with a depending lug by means of which it is rigidly but detachably attached to the frame, a chamber member abutting against a forward facing surface of the slide and having telescopic engagement with the rear part of the barrel to provide an interposed gas contact area whereby the said member is forced rearward when firing occurs, the said sleeve and member having loosely interengaging threads for limiting endwise movement of the member.

- DAVID M. WILLIAMS.

US686932A 1933-08-26 1933-08-26 Automatic firearm Expired - Lifetime US2090657A (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2427304A (en) * 1942-09-30 1947-09-09 Robbins Charles William Automatic sear release for firearms
US2627686A (en) * 1951-05-18 1953-02-10 Richard L Shockey Recoil reducer and accuracy improver
US2664786A (en) * 1947-08-26 1954-01-05 Guisasola Bonifacio Slide and barrel securing key for automatic pistols
US2667712A (en) * 1950-10-10 1954-02-02 Augustus S Dreier Luger conversion
US2898693A (en) * 1956-04-17 1959-08-11 Sturm Ruger & Co 22 caliber conversion for a colt 45 caliber semi-automatic pistol
US3167876A (en) * 1960-10-19 1965-02-02 Jr John M Milroy Handgun
US3195408A (en) * 1962-11-02 1965-07-20 Nolte Albert C Jr Firearm construction
US3207037A (en) * 1964-01-20 1965-09-21 Pachmayr Gun Works Pistol barrel mounting structure
DE1205425B (en) * 1964-02-18 1965-11-18 Heckler & Koch Gmbh automatic pistol
US3241449A (en) * 1964-07-23 1966-03-22 Sr Daniel I Dwyer Barrel biasing means for automatic firearm
US3411229A (en) * 1965-11-26 1968-11-19 Dynamit Nobel Ag Barrel for firing practice ammunition from automatic firearms
US3509654A (en) * 1966-12-08 1970-05-05 Messrs Mauser Werke Ag Rifle magazine having transversely acting spring means therein
US3724326A (en) * 1971-07-29 1973-04-03 R Day Sub-caliber conversion unit
US4907362A (en) * 1988-03-08 1990-03-13 Hobbie Edward H Sub-caliber firearm
US4907489A (en) * 1988-08-31 1990-03-13 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy Blank fire configuration for automatic pistol
US6442882B1 (en) * 1999-11-18 2002-09-03 Snc Technologies Inc. Cartridge ejection mechanism for converted automatic pistol
US20060064914A1 (en) * 2004-09-24 2006-03-30 Dwight Greer Sight-preserving, partially self-cleaning, divergent-axis caliber conversion in handguns
US20060260461A1 (en) * 2005-05-03 2006-11-23 Leonid Rozhkov Firearm apparatus and method
US20070251133A1 (en) * 2003-12-03 2007-11-01 Leonid Rozhkov Method of firing of firearms
US7823510B1 (en) 2008-05-14 2010-11-02 Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne, Inc. Extended range projectile
US7891298B2 (en) 2008-05-14 2011-02-22 Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne, Inc. Guided projectile
DE102009057864A1 (en) * 2009-12-11 2011-06-16 German Sport Guns Gmbh Handgun

Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2427304A (en) * 1942-09-30 1947-09-09 Robbins Charles William Automatic sear release for firearms
US2664786A (en) * 1947-08-26 1954-01-05 Guisasola Bonifacio Slide and barrel securing key for automatic pistols
US2667712A (en) * 1950-10-10 1954-02-02 Augustus S Dreier Luger conversion
US2627686A (en) * 1951-05-18 1953-02-10 Richard L Shockey Recoil reducer and accuracy improver
US2898693A (en) * 1956-04-17 1959-08-11 Sturm Ruger & Co 22 caliber conversion for a colt 45 caliber semi-automatic pistol
US3167876A (en) * 1960-10-19 1965-02-02 Jr John M Milroy Handgun
US3195408A (en) * 1962-11-02 1965-07-20 Nolte Albert C Jr Firearm construction
US3207037A (en) * 1964-01-20 1965-09-21 Pachmayr Gun Works Pistol barrel mounting structure
DE1205425B (en) * 1964-02-18 1965-11-18 Heckler & Koch Gmbh automatic pistol
US3241449A (en) * 1964-07-23 1966-03-22 Sr Daniel I Dwyer Barrel biasing means for automatic firearm
US3411229A (en) * 1965-11-26 1968-11-19 Dynamit Nobel Ag Barrel for firing practice ammunition from automatic firearms
US3509654A (en) * 1966-12-08 1970-05-05 Messrs Mauser Werke Ag Rifle magazine having transversely acting spring means therein
US3724326A (en) * 1971-07-29 1973-04-03 R Day Sub-caliber conversion unit
US4907362A (en) * 1988-03-08 1990-03-13 Hobbie Edward H Sub-caliber firearm
US4907489A (en) * 1988-08-31 1990-03-13 The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy Blank fire configuration for automatic pistol
US6442882B1 (en) * 1999-11-18 2002-09-03 Snc Technologies Inc. Cartridge ejection mechanism for converted automatic pistol
US20070251133A1 (en) * 2003-12-03 2007-11-01 Leonid Rozhkov Method of firing of firearms
US7302773B2 (en) 2003-12-03 2007-12-04 Leonid Rozhkov Method of firing of firearms
US7121035B2 (en) 2004-09-24 2006-10-17 Dwight Greer Sight-preserving, partially self-cleaning, divergent-axis caliber conversion in handguns
US20060064914A1 (en) * 2004-09-24 2006-03-30 Dwight Greer Sight-preserving, partially self-cleaning, divergent-axis caliber conversion in handguns
US7398614B2 (en) 2005-05-03 2008-07-15 Leonid Rozhkov Firearm apparatus and method
US20060260461A1 (en) * 2005-05-03 2006-11-23 Leonid Rozhkov Firearm apparatus and method
US7891298B2 (en) 2008-05-14 2011-02-22 Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne, Inc. Guided projectile
US7823510B1 (en) 2008-05-14 2010-11-02 Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne, Inc. Extended range projectile
DE102009057864A1 (en) * 2009-12-11 2011-06-16 German Sport Guns Gmbh Handgun
US20110185616A1 (en) * 2009-12-11 2011-08-04 German Sport Guns Gmbh Hand gun
DE102009057864B4 (en) * 2009-12-11 2012-09-20 German Sport Guns Gmbh Handgun
US8381425B2 (en) 2009-12-11 2013-02-26 German Sport Guns Gmbh Hand gun
US8689476B2 (en) 2009-12-11 2014-04-08 German Sport Guns Gmbh Hand gun

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