US2074066A - Motor operated indicator dial - Google Patents

Motor operated indicator dial Download PDF

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Publication number
US2074066A
US2074066A US443597A US44359730A US2074066A US 2074066 A US2074066 A US 2074066A US 443597 A US443597 A US 443597A US 44359730 A US44359730 A US 44359730A US 2074066 A US2074066 A US 2074066A
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Prior art keywords
indicators
relay
detent
drum
indicator
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Expired - Lifetime
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US443597A
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Evan R Wheeler
Emerson J Sortore
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Western Union Telegraph Co
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Western Union Telegraph Co
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Priority to US443597A priority Critical patent/US2074066A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L12/00Data switching networks
    • H04L12/02Details
    • H04L12/16Arrangements for providing special services to substations
    • H04L12/18Arrangements for providing special services to substations for broadcast or conference, e.g. multicast
    • H04L12/1804Arrangements for providing special services to substations for broadcast or conference, e.g. multicast for stock exchange and similar applications

Description

5 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTORS EVA/V 2 WHEELER E. R. WHEELER ET AL MOTOR OPERATED INDICATOR DIAL Flled Aprll 11 1950 Moron lbw/law 4-5 March 16, 1937.
Fl I.
March 1937. E. R. WHEELER ET AL 2,074,056
MOTOR OPERATED INDICATOR DIAL Filed April 11, 1930 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 MINDRENY scnrtrvk nw: SELE'CTO'R Can/74:75 umrs C7D? cnurnc7$ r :ELrcroI .srac/r awn- :75
1 c 1 58 59 awwzgzw 3 BY E/VfRSO/VIJOFTOEI 6 M 6 WK A TORNEY March 16, 1937. E. R. WHEELER ET AL MOTOR OPERATED INDICATOR DIAL Filed April 11, 1950 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Mar. 16, 1937 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE MOTOR OPERATED INDICATOR DIAL Application April 11,
2 Claims.
This invention relates to motor operated indicator units, type wheels and similar devices, and more particularly to apparatus for setting character carrying elements in predetermined positions in response to telegraph signals. The apparatus is especially applicable to automatic quotation board systems, but is not limited thereto.
One of the objects of the invention is to pro duce a simple and reliable motor operated character carrying element which may be quickly and readily operated into a plurality of positions, in response to telegraph code signals of a simple nature.
Another object is to produce an indicating or recording unit in which each setting of the device will be independent of the preceding setting, that is in which it is not necessary to restore the indicator to an initial position prior to the 2 eflecting of a new setting thereof. 4
Another object is to provide an indicator unit or type wheel operating mechanism in which the character bearing element is locked in each set position.
Another object is to provide an indicating unit for a quotation board which will occupy a relatively small area of the board while enabling relatively large characters to be employed.
Other objects and advantages will appear from the following description.
The invention will now be specifically described in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of an indicator unit applicable for stock quotationboards, showing the circuit connections therefor;
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view of the indicator shown in Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a wiring diagram showing the circult arrangement for operating a complete set of indicators for a single stock; and
Figure 4 is a perspective view partly in section of a turbine operated dial and the operating circuit arrangement therefor.
Referring first to the form of the invention illustrated in Figures 1 and 2, we have shown an embodiment of the invention comprising an endless belt lll having the numerals 1 to 9 and 0 thereon. The belt is adapted to be moved past 50 a window ll provided in the front wall I2 of the casing of the indicator unit. The belt i0 is driven by a drum l3 having two series of peripheral pins l4 engaging in perforations l5 in the margins of the belt. Adjacent the window i l the 55 belt passes around two idler rollers 16 and I1.
1930, Serial No. 443,597 (01.177-337) The drum I3 is rotated by an electric motor l8 disposed therein, through a train of gears comprising a spur gear IS on the motor shaft, an intermediate gear 20 and an internal ring gear 2| on the inner surface of the drum; The intermediate gear 20 is suspended by its shaft 23 from a bracket 24 extending across the top of the drum and carried by vertical posts 25. A second gear 26 on the shaft 23 meshes with a gear 21, also suspended from the bracket 24, for rotating a brush arm 28 over a pair of commutator rings comprising an inner solid ring 29 and an outer segmented ring 30. The segmented ring has one segment for each character on the belt l0 and the gear ratio is such that the brush arm 28 crosses each segment in the time required for a single character to pass the window H. The brush arm is provided with a pair of brushes 3| and 32, engaging the rings 29 and 30 respectively, to bridge the same. The rings are carried on an insulating disk 33 mounted upon the bracket 24.
A detent wheel 35 is secured to the lower end of the drum and is provided with circumferentially disposed notches 36 adapted to be engaged by a detent 31 to lock the drum in a set position. The detent 31 is pressed inwardly against the detent wheel by a spiral spring 38 and may be withdrawn from engagement with the detent wheel by a magnet 39.
The terminals of the detent magnet 39 are connected to the binding posts 4| and 42 and the terminals of the motor l8 are connected to the binding posts 43 and 44. Binding posts 42 and 43 are connected together so that normally the detent magnet and the motor are connected in series. The binding post 44 is connected through the back contact and tongue 45, of the last cutout relay 46 and the front contact and tongues 41, of the master relay 48, to a source of negative potential. The binding post 4| is connected by conductor 49 through the tongue 5| and the contact 52 of plural winding relay 53, to a source of positive potential. The binding post 43 is connected by conductor 54 to the solid ring 29 of the commutator, and the segments of the ring 30 of the commutator are connected by a group of conductors 55 to the stationary contacts of a selector 56, the opposite contacts of which have positive potential applied thereto. The stationary contacts of the selector are also connected to separate windings of the plural winding relay 53 and thence to a common source of negative potential.
Assuming the master relay 48 to be operated and the last cutout relay 46 to be unoperated, the actuation of the indicator to a definite posi- 1 to negative potential, thus causing the contact tongue 5| of this relay to close, and thus apply positive battery through the conductor 49 to the detent magnet and motor in series and thence through the contact tongues 86 and 41 of relays- 46 and 48 to a source of negative potential.
The detent magnet withdraws the detent 31 from the detent wheel, allowing the motor to rotate the drum I3 to move the belt Ill past the window ii, and at the same time to rotate the brush 28 over the segments of the commutator.
This rotation continues until the brush engages segment numbered 3 of the commutator, at which time the winding of the detent magnet is short circuited through the commutator and the selector contact; causing the detent 31 to be released and to arrest the drum against further rotation. The circuit to the motor is maintained, however, as long as the selector contact remains closed. 0 It will be understood, however, that the selecting contacts 58 are closed only-for a short period. For instance, with quotations transmitted at the rate of thirty quotations per minute and in which the information transmitted in each quotation comprises three digit stock selecting signals, a range signal and four digit price signals, or a total of eight signals for each quota= tion, each digit signal will consume one-quarter of a, second; The contact 56 if it happens to he associated with the hundreds price indicators will remain closed only until the tens digit of the price has been received, that is, for one-quarter of a second, at which time it will be opened and one of the contacts of the receiving selector cor- 5 responding to the tens digit will be closed. The motor I8 must rotate the drum l3 at a sumcient rate to present the character to be displayed into position within this short period. It will be evident that while the motor l8 will be stalled for a portion of this period, that is, after the L belt has been positioned and detent 39 released but before the contacts 56 have opened, this pericd in any case will be short and overheating of either in ordinary series or shunt wound motor will not occur.
The drum 1% is preferably supported upon roller bearings 22 and is guided at its upper end by opposite arcuate guides 22' carried by the bracket 24.
The function of the master relay 48 is to determine which of a large number of indicator units is to be operated. For instance, in a stock quotation system, it is usual to employ a number of groups of indicators for each stock, to
5 post the opening, high, low and last quotations of the day, and the closing quotation of the preceding day, and for each of these quotations a separate indicator, such as shown in Figure 1, is employed for the hundreds, tens, units and fracio tional values of the stock. A single group of selector contacts such as 56, is common to the hundreds indicators, another group is used for the tens indicators, another for the units indicators, and another for the fractions indicators of each 75 stock, appearing on the quotation board. A sepa- Upon closing of this contact.
rate master-relay is provided for each stock and serves to complete the motor and detent magnet circuit of a single stock at a time.
InFlgure3 wehaveshowndiagrammatically the indicators employed for a single stock on a stock quotation board, four indicator units be-, ing employed for posting the hundreds, tens,
t t, l h g p or u n indicators, and a group of stock selecting con-.'
tacts 62.
Associated with each of the hundreds, tens, units and fractions selector contacts,- are the plural winding relays 58, 63, 64 and 65 respectively. 'Range relays i6, 61, 68, 69 and ID are also provided, common to all stocks, for preparing circuits to the operating motor and detent magnets oi the yesterday's close", open",
high low and last sets of indicators,- re-' spectively. The range relays are controlled by the range contacts 6!. A master relay I8 is also provided for each stock.
The circuit connections and the operation of the system will be lmderstood from the following examples:
Assuming it is desired to post the lee quotation of the particular stock represented by the indicators in Figure 3, having a value of 237%, the master relay 748 of the particular stock is first operated through the stock selecting con tacts 62. For simplicity we have shown the master relay operated directly through one of the stock selection contacts, but it is to be understood that a small group of stock selecting contacts may be employed to select a large number of stocks through a coding arrangement of intermediate relays in any suitable manner such,
for instance, as that described in our copending application, Serial #422,150, filed January 20 1930, and entitled "Selecting system.
Upon closing of the master relay 48, a circuit is prepared for the last set of indicators from a source of negative potential through the tongue ll of the master relay, conductor 72, tongue it and back contact of the range relay Ill, and conductor 14, to the operating motor and detent magnets of each of the last indicators, and thence to the contact tongues 15 of the plural winding relays 53, 83, 64 and 65. The circuits to the yesterday's close, "open", high, and low sets of indicators are open at the contacts of their respective range relays.
The hundreds, tens, units and fractions selector contacts corresponding to the digits 2, 3, 7 and% of the quotation are next closed in succession. This may be accomplished when using a receiving selector of the type described in our copending application, Serial #422,148, filed January 20, 1930 and entitled Stock selecting and indicating system, by transmitting to the selector, four groups of code signals of the Baudot code type, representative of these digits.
Upon closing of the hundreds contact number 2, a circuit is completed through the corresponding winding of the hundreds relay 03, causing the contact tongue I to pick up and thereby complete the operating motor and detent magnet circuit of the last hundreds indicator, to positive battery. Upon operation of the motor of this indicator, the brush B is caused to traverse the segments of the commutator C until segment 2 and the solid segment are bridged, at which time the winding D of the detent magnet is short circuited and the detent released to lock the indicator unit in its set position. Similarly, upon closing of the specified contacts of the tens, units and fractions selectors, the corresponding last indicators are operated into the proper positions.
Had the quotation just posted also been the low quotation of the day, it would have been necessary to operate the "low" set of indicators simultaneously with the last set of indicators. This is effected by closing the low range contact of the group 8| and thereby completing a circuit from the positive battery through conductor I6 and the operating winding II of the lower range relay 89, previous to the operation of the hundreds, tens, units and fractions selector contacts. The relay 69 upon picking up, completes a circuit for its locking winding I8 and prepares a circuit through its contacts for the motors and detent magnets of the low set of indicators, in parallel with the corresponding indicators of the last set, so as to operate the "low" and the last sets of indicators simultaneously. Similarly the open or high sets of indicators may be operated simultaneously with the last" set of indicators.
At the conclusion of the day's business, it is often desired to post the closing quotation in readiness for the succeeding day and in order that this may be done without simultaneous operation of the last indicators, we have provided the range relay III, which serves to cut-out the last" indicators from the operating circuit upon closing of the close" selector contact. This circuit may be traced from positive battery through the close selector contact, conductor 18, winding of the "close" range relay 66, conductor 80 and the winding of the last range relay I0, thus causing the former relay to close and the latter to open its contact. This circuit is locked up through tongue 88' of the close range relay 08. A circuit is thus prepared through the master relay to the close indicators independently of the last" indicators.
It will be noted with reference to the indicators shown in Figure 1 that the area of the front of the quotation board occupied by the indicator is only slightly greater than the space occupied by a single character of the belt I0 and materially less than that required when employing a dial or drum character carrying element. This enables larger and more legible characters to be employed with a definite board area.
In the form of the invention illustrated in Figure 4, the characters or digits are carried upon a drum or cylinder 8| mounted on a vertical axis 82 bearing in a base plate 83 and in a bracket 84 extending across the top of the drum. The indicator may be mounted behind an aperture plate forming the front of the quotation board so that one character only on the drum is visible. The drum is provided at its lower margin with vanes 85 against which a stream of air may be directed by a nozzle 86 for rotating the character carrying drum. The supply of air to the nozzle 88 may be controlled by a suitable valve not shown, controlled by a magnet 81.
A detent wheel 88 having undulations in its periphery is secured to the top wall of the drum within the same and is engaged by a detent roller 88 to lock the drum in any set position. The detent roller is mounted upon an armature lever 80 pivoted centrally on a post SI and having the opposite ends extending across the pole faces of magnets 92 and 83, which serve respectively to move the detent roller into locking and unlocking positions. A spring 84 is provided for holding the detent in looking position when magnet 82 is unenergized.
A commutator having a solid ring 85 and a segmented ring 86 is disposed concentrically with the shaft 82 and is adapted to be traversed by apair of brush arms 91 and 88 carried by the shaft 82 so as to connect the solid ring with each of the segments of the ring 96 in succession as the drum 8| revolves.
The commutator is mounted upon aninsulating disk 98 secured to the base 83 by a pin and slot connection I00 whereby slight adjustment of the commutator relative to the brush is permitted.
The operation of the indicator is controlled through a master relay I02, one of which is provided for the indicators of each stock and through the contacts of a receiving selector which is common to the indicators of all stocks. One contact only I03 of the receiving selector is shown in Figure 4. Associated with each contact of the receiving selector is a relay I04 having an operating winding I88 and a neutralizing winding I 06. The operating winding is connected by conductor I01 to the corresponding contact of the receiving selector and by a conductor I08 to the front contact of the master relay I02. The neutralizing winding has one terminal connected to the locking magnet 82 and the other terminal connected to one of the segments of the commutator. It is understood that there is a relay I04 and a selector contact I03 corresponding to each segment of the commutator and consequently to each character on the drum 8|.
In the operation of the indicator, the master relay I02 is first energized to choose the particular group of indicators to be operated. Upon closing of its contact tongue I09, a circuit is completed to the air valve magnet 81 which causes a stream of air to be directed against the vanes 88 of the drum. The drum is held against the rotation at this time by the detent 89. Subsequently one of the selector contacts I03 is closed depending upon the particular setting of the dial required. The contact I03, upon closing completes a circuit from negative potential through the operating winding I05 of the relay I04 and the contacts of the master relay I02, thus causing relay I04 to pick up and to complete a locking circuit through its tongue I I0. At the same time a circuit is completed from a source of negative potential through the tongue I of the relay and conductor 2 to the unlocking magnet 83 and thence through the contacts of the master relay to positive potential. Thereupon detent 88 is released and the drum is permitted to move under the action of the air impinging against the vanes 85. The drum revolves, to bring the desired character into position, until the brush 98 engages the segment of the ring 96 associated with the relay I04 at which time a separate circuit is completed from the source of negative potential through conductor II3, commutator rings 95 and 9B, conductor i ll, neutralizing winding I06 and the conductor MB to the locking magnet 92 and thence through the contacts of the master relay to'positive potential. The relay IMreleases its tongue, due to the current in the neutralizing winding, and thus interrupts the circuit to the unlocking magnet and permits the locking magnet 92 to move the detent 88 back into contact with the detent wheel and thereby to lock the drum in its set position.
It is obvious of course that various changes may be made in the construction of the indicators and in the circuit arrangement for operating the same without departing from the invention and therefore we do not desire to be limited to the exact details shown and described, except in accordance with the appened claims.
What we claim is:
1. An indicator unit comprising an endless indicator element, a rotary driving cylinder for said element, said indicator element and driving cylinder being movable through unequal portions of a revolution by a given movement of said cylinder, a segmented commutator, a brush for said commutator, a driving motor, means operated thereby for driving said brush and cylinder simultaneously at different angular speeds, whereby said brush moves through a complete revolution in the same time interval as said indicator element, means for preparing circuits selectively through the segments of said commutator, means controlled by completion of any one I of said circuits for arresting the. movement of said cylinder and means including said brush and the segments of said commutator for completing simultaneously at difierent angular speeds, whereby said brush moves through a complete revolution in the same time interval as saidindicator element, electro-magnetic locking means for said cylinder normally deenergized to retain said cylinder against movement, means for simultaneously energizing said electro-magnetic locking means and said motor to operate said cylinder, said means including means for preparing circuits selectively through the segments of said commutator, means controlled by completion of any one of said circuits for short-circuiting said electromagnetic locking means to arrest the rotation 01 said cylinder and means including said brush and the segments of said commutator for completing one of said prepared circuits.
EVAN R. WHEELER.
EMERSON J. SORTORE.
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Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2455209A (en) * 1947-05-26 1948-11-30 Joseph B Anderson Apparatus for disseminating weather information
US2455210A (en) * 1947-12-23 1948-11-30 Joseph B Anderson Apparatus for disseminating weather information
US2477673A (en) * 1946-07-16 1949-08-02 Weisman Charles Synchromotor driven indicating instrument
US2577663A (en) * 1948-12-24 1951-12-04 Jewel Tea Co Inc Indicator
US2595045A (en) * 1940-03-20 1952-04-29 Ncr Co Calculating machine
US2617870A (en) * 1950-04-22 1952-11-11 Ncr Co Indicating apparatus
US2731632A (en) * 1952-02-13 1956-01-17 Gen Railway Signal Co Changeable indicator
US2748382A (en) * 1952-11-22 1956-05-29 Smith Meeker Engineering Compa Selectively responsive indicator
US2754500A (en) * 1952-07-01 1956-07-10 Westinghouse Air Brake Co Remotely controlled indicator
US2839737A (en) * 1954-05-14 1958-06-17 Herbert F Dalglish Remote control telemetering unit
US2840807A (en) * 1954-02-25 1958-06-24 Toledo Scale Corp Numeral display device
US2875431A (en) * 1955-10-21 1959-02-24 Liquidometer Corp Indicators for telemetering systems
US2959773A (en) * 1956-04-23 1960-11-08 Gen Railway Signal Co Data posting indicators
US2968805A (en) * 1955-08-01 1961-01-17 Honeywell Regulator Co Electrically operated indicating devices
US3033446A (en) * 1956-07-02 1962-05-08 Burroughs Corp Character display system
US3054993A (en) * 1961-11-29 1962-09-18 Gen Railway Signal Co Posting and transfer system for display indicators
US3054995A (en) * 1958-09-26 1962-09-18 Gen Railway Signal Co Indicator display system
US3071323A (en) * 1960-08-09 1963-01-01 Optomechanisms Inc Digital counter indicator means
US3164322A (en) * 1963-04-29 1965-01-05 Tokheim Corp Large numeral registering mechanism
US3176127A (en) * 1959-06-03 1965-03-30 Gen Signal Corp Indication display and storage system for a centralized traffic control system for railroads
US3184731A (en) * 1961-09-01 1965-05-18 Bendix Corp Display apparatus having drum indicators, controlled by individual synchronous motors
US3245074A (en) * 1963-08-22 1966-04-05 Bunker Ramo Indicator unit for quotation board
US3323720A (en) * 1965-08-25 1967-06-06 William L Carter Calorie indicator
US3470556A (en) * 1966-09-12 1969-09-30 Wilhelm Bertram Numeral display for electronic calculating machines
US4493988A (en) * 1980-07-11 1985-01-15 Kanto Seiki Co., Limited Odometer using an electric motor disposed within annular figure wheels
US20110220009A1 (en) * 2010-03-12 2011-09-15 Visteon Global Technologies, Inc. Indicator motion architecture for vehicle system status indication
US20160041011A1 (en) * 2014-08-08 2016-02-11 Continental Automotive Systems, Inc. Stepper motor with electromagnetic arrangements

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2595045A (en) * 1940-03-20 1952-04-29 Ncr Co Calculating machine
US2477673A (en) * 1946-07-16 1949-08-02 Weisman Charles Synchromotor driven indicating instrument
US2455209A (en) * 1947-05-26 1948-11-30 Joseph B Anderson Apparatus for disseminating weather information
US2455210A (en) * 1947-12-23 1948-11-30 Joseph B Anderson Apparatus for disseminating weather information
US2577663A (en) * 1948-12-24 1951-12-04 Jewel Tea Co Inc Indicator
US2617870A (en) * 1950-04-22 1952-11-11 Ncr Co Indicating apparatus
US2731632A (en) * 1952-02-13 1956-01-17 Gen Railway Signal Co Changeable indicator
US2754500A (en) * 1952-07-01 1956-07-10 Westinghouse Air Brake Co Remotely controlled indicator
US2748382A (en) * 1952-11-22 1956-05-29 Smith Meeker Engineering Compa Selectively responsive indicator
US2840807A (en) * 1954-02-25 1958-06-24 Toledo Scale Corp Numeral display device
US2839737A (en) * 1954-05-14 1958-06-17 Herbert F Dalglish Remote control telemetering unit
US2968805A (en) * 1955-08-01 1961-01-17 Honeywell Regulator Co Electrically operated indicating devices
US2875431A (en) * 1955-10-21 1959-02-24 Liquidometer Corp Indicators for telemetering systems
US2959773A (en) * 1956-04-23 1960-11-08 Gen Railway Signal Co Data posting indicators
US3033446A (en) * 1956-07-02 1962-05-08 Burroughs Corp Character display system
US3054995A (en) * 1958-09-26 1962-09-18 Gen Railway Signal Co Indicator display system
US3176127A (en) * 1959-06-03 1965-03-30 Gen Signal Corp Indication display and storage system for a centralized traffic control system for railroads
US3071323A (en) * 1960-08-09 1963-01-01 Optomechanisms Inc Digital counter indicator means
US3184731A (en) * 1961-09-01 1965-05-18 Bendix Corp Display apparatus having drum indicators, controlled by individual synchronous motors
US3054993A (en) * 1961-11-29 1962-09-18 Gen Railway Signal Co Posting and transfer system for display indicators
US3164322A (en) * 1963-04-29 1965-01-05 Tokheim Corp Large numeral registering mechanism
US3245074A (en) * 1963-08-22 1966-04-05 Bunker Ramo Indicator unit for quotation board
US3323720A (en) * 1965-08-25 1967-06-06 William L Carter Calorie indicator
US3470556A (en) * 1966-09-12 1969-09-30 Wilhelm Bertram Numeral display for electronic calculating machines
US4493988A (en) * 1980-07-11 1985-01-15 Kanto Seiki Co., Limited Odometer using an electric motor disposed within annular figure wheels
US20110220009A1 (en) * 2010-03-12 2011-09-15 Visteon Global Technologies, Inc. Indicator motion architecture for vehicle system status indication
US20160041011A1 (en) * 2014-08-08 2016-02-11 Continental Automotive Systems, Inc. Stepper motor with electromagnetic arrangements

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