US2050166A - Seal for rolling mill bearings - Google Patents

Seal for rolling mill bearings Download PDF

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Publication number
US2050166A
US2050166A US645450A US64545032A US2050166A US 2050166 A US2050166 A US 2050166A US 645450 A US645450 A US 645450A US 64545032 A US64545032 A US 64545032A US 2050166 A US2050166 A US 2050166A
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United States
Prior art keywords
ring
bearing
seal
recess
roll
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Expired - Lifetime
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US645450A
Inventor
Frank P Dahlstrom
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Siemens Industry Inc
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Morgan Construction Co
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Priority to US645450A priority Critical patent/US2050166A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21BROLLING OF METAL
    • B21B31/00Rolling stand structures; Mounting, adjusting, or interchanging rolls, roll mountings, or stand frames
    • B21B31/07Adaptation of roll neck bearings
    • B21B31/078Sealing devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16JPISTONS; CYLINDERS; SEALINGS
    • F16J15/00Sealings
    • F16J15/16Sealings between relatively-moving surfaces
    • F16J15/34Sealings between relatively-moving surfaces with slip-ring pressed against a more or less radial face on one member
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16JPISTONS; CYLINDERS; SEALINGS
    • F16J15/00Sealings
    • F16J15/16Sealings between relatively-moving surfaces
    • F16J15/34Sealings between relatively-moving surfaces with slip-ring pressed against a more or less radial face on one member
    • F16J15/3496Sealings between relatively-moving surfaces with slip-ring pressed against a more or less radial face on one member use of special materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21BROLLING OF METAL
    • B21B31/00Rolling stand structures; Mounting, adjusting, or interchanging rolls, roll mountings, or stand frames
    • B21B31/07Adaptation of roll neck bearings
    • B21B31/074Oil film bearings, e.g. "Morgoil" bearings

Description

Aug. 4, 1936. F. P; DAHLSTROM SEAL FOR ROLLING MILL BEARINGS Filed Dec. 2, 1952 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Nm m a I, i. A,///// ,2 AMX f T\\\\m\ u m u x Q r n 1 1;: n u u Ti :::i.4 umw N I 4 mm 6 H mm m2 vim.

Aug. 4, 1936. F. P. DAIHLSTROM 2,050,166

SEAL FOR ROLLING MILL BEARINGS Filed Dec. 2, 1932 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Invenror Dahsiro By I 1 AH or'n Patented Aug. 4, 1936- UNITED STATES 2,050,166 SEAL FOR ROLLING MILL assumes Frank P. Dahlstrom, Worcester, Mass., assignor to Morgan Construction Company, Worcester, Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts Application December 2, 1932, Serial No. 645,450

2- Claims.

. The present invention relates in general to bearings, and more particularly to improvements in bearing constructions for rolling mills and the like, of the type shown and described in United States Letters Patent No. 2,018,055, dated October 22, 1935.

The present invention contemplates, among other things, an improved construction and mounting of the means employed in the aforesaid patented bearing construction to prevent the access to the bearing surfaces of water and scale from the rolling operation; other and further objects and advantages of the invention will be made apparent by the following detailed description thereof, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which- Fig. l is a sectional view illustrating the application of the invention to the bearing construction' of the aforesaid type.

Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view'on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view on the line 3--3 of Fig. 2. I

Fig. 4 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 2, illustrating a modified form of the invention.

Fig. 5 is a fragmentary view in side elevation of the construction shown in Fig. 4.

Like reference characters refer to like, parts in the different figures.

Referring first to Fig. 1, I have illustrated a bearing construction of the same general type as that disclosed in the aforesaid Letters Patent, namely a plain bearing, comprising relatively rotatable inner and outer members in wholly inclosed cylindrical surface contact, said bearing being applicable as a unit assembly to the neck or reduced portion of a rolling mill roll or the like. In Fig. 1, the roll body or barrel shown at.

i has a reduced neck 2 of taper form, and the plain bearing assembly, applicable as a unit to this roll neck, consists essentially of inner and outer members 3 and 4, respectively, the outer member being in the form of a hollow block which is fixed in the usual opening or window, not shown, of the roll housing, and the inner member being a sleeve having a running fit in the bore of said block 4 (or in a babbitted liner 5 for said bore), and having an internal taper corresponding to the external taper of neck 2, whereby the application of endwise pressure, even in the absence of a key or the like between neck and sleeve, procures a substantially fixed telescopic union between said parts, insuring rotation of said sleeve in unison with said roll neck.

In hot rolling, the reducing rolls and their housings are kept continuously drenched with water, and this water, carrying with it all the scale and other foreign matter from the stock undergoing reduction, flows freely and in large quantities over the ends of the rolls'and onto the bearings ings as well as oil-flooded plain bearings of the construction herein shown and typified by the aforesaid Letters Patent, the presence of this water and scale is a very grave menace, because neither the close running fit nor the lubricant film, both so essential to the operation of such an inclosed bearing, can be maintained if such water and scale is allowed to reach the interior bearing surfaces.

My invention provides a seal which effectually excludes from the interior of such' an inclosed 20 bearing the water, scale and other foreign matter which flows over the bearings in the usual hot rolling operation. This seal is established between the end of the roll barrel and the adjacent relatively stationary part of the inclosed roll neck bearing, which part, in the present instance,

is the outer member or block 4 whose bore receives the rotary sleeve 3. As shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3, the inner end of block 4, facing the shoulder 6 at the end of the roll barrel, is provided with a circular recess 1, and from the bottom 8 of this recess, a. plurality of holes 9, 9 (here shown as six in number) are bored for the reception in each of a coiled spring ill. The ends of said springs project beyond the bottom or floor 8 of recess 1, and against said projecting ends bears. a ring ii of suitable wear-resistant substance, such as phenolic impregnated material. This ring II, as received in the recess 1 and seated against the springs Ill, l0, projects beyond the end of block 4 and contacts on its exterior face with the shoulder or end B of the roll barrel l. Such exterior face, as shown at I2, is preferably grooved to provide a plurality of concentric circular ridges for contact with said shoulder, thus in effect to increase the unit pressure exerted by thesprings I 0, ID in maintaining the seal that prevents the entrance of water and scale to the space I3, inwardly of said ring H, which communicates with the interior of the inclosed bearing.

For retaining the ring ll within its recess, and to prevent it beingpushed completely out by the springs 9, 9 when withdrawn from contact with the roll barrel by dismounting of the bearing,

said ring has projecting from its outer periphery a plurality of pins I4, 14, here shown as three in number. These pins, in the act of positioning the ring it in its recess '1. are lined up with correspondingly located slotsl5, l5 provided by the Cir inner edges of plates i6, l6,-said edges conforming to the outer wall of the recess 1. These plates 16, IE, preferably set in shallow depressions of the end surface of the bearing block I, so as to be flush with said surface, constitute the covers or inclosures for three radial extensions l1, I! of the circular ring-receiving recess 1,- said plates being secured in position by any suitable means, as by the screws l8. Each of the recesses [1, extending radially upward from the circular ring-receiving recess 1, and of less depth than the latter, thus has on the end face of bearing block 4 a restricted substantially central entrance by the slot l5 of its cover plate l6, and these slots l5, I5 are so positioned circumferentially as to enable the three pins l4, ll of ring H tobe registered therewith, when said ring is inserted in the recess 1.

By pressing inwardly on the so-inserted ring H, to compress momentarily the springs ID, ID,

the pins I4, ll of said ring are pushed through' the slots l5, l5 into the recesses H, N; thereupon, the ring H is slightly shifted angularly in the recess 1 to dispose its pins H, I4 out of registry with the slots l5, 15. This serves to lock the ring H in place; that is to say, each pin l4, in its respective recess I1, occupies a position behind the cover plate l6 of said recess, so that notwithstanding the expansive force of the springs l0, ID, the ring ll cannot be forced out or place. When the bearing, having the ring ll thus detachably locked in its stationary element 4, is applied to the roll neck 2, as shown in Fig. 1, the contact of the ridged surface l2 of said ring with the shoulder 6 of the roll, causes said ring to occupy substantially the position illustrated in Fig. 3, with its pins l4, It so disposed in their recesses ll, I"! as not to interfere in any way with the action of springs l0, ID in holding the ring to its work. As the ring H is worn away on its ribbed surface l2 by the rubbing of the shoulder,

6 0f the rotating roll, the expansive force of the springs 10, i0 compensates for such wear, thus to maintain the seal, provided bysaid ring, against the entrance of water and scale to the space I3. Likewise, these springs l5, l0 render the ring self-adjusting, for the maintenance of such seal, regardless of endwise shifting of the roll I relative to the stationary bearing block 4. When the bearing is dismounted, its ring comes off with it, and such ring can readily be removed, for replacement or for renewal of its ribbed surface l2, simply by slightly shifting it angularly to register the pins l4, l4 thereof with the slots l5, I5 of the plates l6, 15.

Figs. 4 and 5 show a modification of the invention, in which the stationary member IQ of the roll neck bearing has formed on its face that opposes the roll I a circular boss 26; Said boss 20 provides a circular recess 2|, wherein is re,- ceived a ring 22 that provides the scale and water seal of my invention,the bottom or floor 23 of said recess 2| having secured thereto, in any suitable manner, as by screws 24, a plurality of leaf springs 25, 25, which press the ring 22 outwardly against the shoulder of the roll, and hold said ring to its work. On the peripheryof b05520 are cut a plurality of elongated slots 26, extending through the material of said boss to the recess 2| that receives the ring 22, and each slot 26, at substantially its central portion, has a narrow opening 21 to the face of the bo es. The

ring 22 carries pins 28, 28 corresponding in number and circumferential location to the openings 21 of the slots 26, 26, so that when the ring 22 is inserted in the recess 2|, with said pins 28 registering with the openings 21, inward pressure of said ring against the force of springs 25, 25 will push the pins 28 through the openings 21, following which a slight turning movement of the ring secures the locking of the same in place, with its pins 28 occupying the slots 26, as shown in Fig. 5. It will be obvious that the modified construction of Figs. 4 and 5 has the same mode of operation as the construction shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3.

In both forms of the invention, the springpressed ring is so located relative to the lubricated surfaces of the hearing as to be wholly removed from and independent of the means employed for maintaining and retaining the lubricant film on said surfaces. That is to say, the oil that is supplied, as described in the aforesaid Letters Patent, to the relatively-running contact surfaces of sleeve 3 and liner 5 has constant egress, in the operation of the bearing,- irom the ends of said surfaces. But practically none of this oil from the inner end of the bearing has to be handled by the spring-pressed ring, because the liner 5 at its inner end has a ring of apertures 29, 29 that communicate with the groo e 30 of block 4, said groove connecting by space 3|, beneath the liner, with a channel 32 to which is connected the return pipe 33 of the oil circulating system. Any oil from the inner end of the bearing that gets past the apertures 29 is intercepted by throw-ofi flange 34 of the rotary sleeve 3, and deflected into the groove 35 of the block 4, said groove cornmunicating with said space 3|. Thus practically no oil from the bearing can reach the space I3, immediately inward of the spring-pressed ring il,leaving the latter free to perform its function as a water excluding means, without being called upon at the same time to serve as an oil seal.

I claim:

1. A seal for a roll neck bearing, to exclude from said bearing the water and scale from the rolling operation, said seal comprising a circular groove in the end face of a stationary member of said bearing, a ring received in said groove and urged yieldingly against the opposing end of the roll barrel, recesses in said bearing member communicating with said groove at different points on its circumference, and pins on the cir cumference of said ring so spaced as 'to enter said recesses, the latter having undercut angular extensions whereby a limited turning movement of said ring carries said pins into positions where they detachably lock said ring in said groove.

2. A seal for a roll neck bearing, to exclude from said bearing the water and scale from the rolling operation, said seal comprising a circular groove in the end face of a stationary member of said bearing, a ring received in said groove and urged yieldingly against the opposing end of the roll barrel, recesses in said bearing member communieating with said groove at diiferent points on its circumference, and pins on said ring so spaced as to enter said recesses, for the detachable locking of said ring to said bearing member, each recess having an entrance slit for one of said

US645450A 1932-12-02 1932-12-02 Seal for rolling mill bearings Expired - Lifetime US2050166A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1244095B (en) * 1958-07-24 1967-07-13 Morgan Construction Co Sealing arrangement for rolling bearings in Walzgeruesten
DE1289810B (en) * 1957-12-26 1969-02-27 Morgan Construction Co roller bearings
US3502375A (en) * 1967-09-06 1970-03-24 Farrel Corp Bearing assembly
US5887984A (en) * 1996-11-06 1999-03-30 The Timken Company Bearing assembly with spring-biased seals

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1289810B (en) * 1957-12-26 1969-02-27 Morgan Construction Co roller bearings
DE1244095B (en) * 1958-07-24 1967-07-13 Morgan Construction Co Sealing arrangement for rolling bearings in Walzgeruesten
US3502375A (en) * 1967-09-06 1970-03-24 Farrel Corp Bearing assembly
US5887984A (en) * 1996-11-06 1999-03-30 The Timken Company Bearing assembly with spring-biased seals

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